Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 8, 1837, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 8, 1837 Page 1
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HI.' ! ' 1 1 NOT THE GLORY (IF CiESAUJ BUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY nr. B. STACY. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1837. VOL. XI No. 533 BY A JOURNKMAN MECHANIC. Now, wife mid children, let's lie gay, Aly work ia done, imil here's I he pny ; 'Twin hard lo csirn, Inn neer mind it Hope.reai'd ilie sheaf, mid peace slmtl bind it ! Six l.iyK I've Iniled ; and now wc meet To share llift welcome iveeklv treat Of lo:il nnd tr:i, nf rest and joy, Which guhiM by labor, cannot cloy. Come ye, who fcirm my dear fire side, My rare, my comfort nnd mv pride ; Crime now, and let ns rlofp. the night In harmless rpoits nnd fund delight. To morrow's dawn lir!nz hteeil peace, And eirh domestic Joy. inrrtt-r, To him who linne'ilv maintains That cotne nl life which Ilea'n ordains ! Of rirh and ponr, the dilferrnre what 1 In working or in working tint : Why then on Sunday we're an great As tho?e who own pome vast estate. For on to-morrow's happv day Wc fhall woik le, pet haps, than (hey ; And. though no dainties il afford, What's sweet and clean, will grace our board. Tli i j known, for pverv Idesiing given. Thankful we'll how our knee to lleat'n ; In find's own home nor voire rni?e, Willi grateful notes of prajcr and praise '. Such duties will not interfere, Nnr elnud mv hrowwiih thought severe ; Hut still leave lime enough in Fpcnd, To lake a walk or see a friend. Swet the seienilv of heart Tint piddle worship does impart ! And wer't the n"idd, or sweet the rnnd To him whose conseienre i no load ! Thin shall the dav as Ond de.igned, Improve mv heahh. unbend mv mind ; Ami Monday morning, free from pain, Cheerful I'll go lo work ngain. Our life i but a lenglhen'd week, Tlirongh uhirh. wiih toil for ie"t we sek ; And lie whne labor well i patt, A jojfnl Sabbath find" ai lal ! A mnntimenl. to the memory nflhe Hrnd.. leys and others, who wnro massacred bv In nian, at Concord. N. II. on 22(1 of Ati'.'iut, 174G. was raised in that town, on Tuesday, Iki 22d nit. An nddrc was delivered on the ocenf-ion hv Asa MTnrinnd. Povrrnl Tlymtii and Odes wnro written, and sttnrr, or read, part nfllio commemorative serviee. Tho following Hymn was written by the rinr. J. Picrpont of Boston. iViS now. O God. beneath the trees. That shade this vnln nt night's cold noon. Do Indian war Konrs load the bree7e, Or wolves sit howling to the moon. The foes, the rear", our fathers felt. riavp. with our fathers, pase.d nway; And where in Drain's- dark shade they knelt, Wc como to praise thee and to pray. We praise thee that thou plantdesl them. And mad'! ihv heaen drop down their Wenrav, that, shooiing from iliir ttem, We long may flourish where ihey grew. And, F.nher. leave n nnl alone Thou hai lieon.and art still our trust, Be limn our fnrlip", till our mm Shall mingle with our Cithers' dint. dew THE IDEA OF A PERFECT WIFE Runicr. the great English statesman, used repeatedly to declare, Hint every enre' vanished the moment he entered his own house. He wrote tho following beautiful pcriptive prose pnror, "The Idea of a Perfect Wife." which he presented to Mrs Ti. one morning, on the anniversary of their marriage, delicately heading the paper as below, lenying her to fill nut tho blank. The Character nf Mr.i ." "I mean to give you my idea of n wo. man. If it nt nil nnswers nn original, T shnll he pleased, for if suph n person ns I would describe reallv exi'ts. she must be far superior to mv descripiinn. nnd such n T mnt love too well to be able to paint as I nght. 'She i handsome: but it is beauty not ,?riing from fentures, from complexion, or from shape ; she has nil threp in a high .degree, but it is not from these she touches phe heart ; it is all thnt sweetness nf tem per, benevolence, innocence, and sensibili ty, which n face cannot express, that forms finer beaut v. She has a face that just rnlses your attention nt first sight ; it grows on you svery mnment, nnd you wonder it did no more (ban raise your attention nt first. Her eves hnn n mild light, but thev awn you when she plensrs: they command like a good man out of office, not by an thoritv. but bv virtue. 'Her feature are not exactly regular; that sort of exactness is more to bo praised than to ho loved: for it is never animated. Her stature is not lnll;she is made to bn the admiration of every body, but the happiness of one. Ph has all the firmness that does not exclude deliracy : she has nil the softness thnt does nnl imply weakness There is often more of the coquette shown in nn affected plainness than in lawdry finpry. Sim is always clean, with out peciaeness or affectation. Her gravity is enlln though! fulness that softens the features without discomposing them. She is iisuallv grave, Her smiles aro inexpressible. Her voice ip o low soft music ; not formed lo rule in public assemblies, but to charm those who can distinguish a compa ny from a crowd ; it has this advantage vou mast come close to hear it. 'To describe her body, describes her mind; one is the transcript, nf tho othcr.l Her understanding is not 6hnvn in I he variety of matters it exerts itself on, but m the goodness of the choice she makes. She does tint display it so much in saying or clomp sinking tiling, ns in avoiding such ns she onplii not to sny or tlo. 'She discovers the right or wrong of things nut bv reasoning, but snrjacitv: most women, nnd many contl nnes, have a closeness and something selfish in their dispositions , she has n true generosity of temper; the most extravagant cannot be more unbounded in their liberality, the more cautious in the distribution. 'No person of so few years can know the world bolter; no person was ever lees cor rupled by that knowledge. 'Her politeness seems rather to flow from a natural disposition to oblige, than from any rules on that subject, and therefore never tails to strike those who understand good breeding nnd Ihnse who do not. 'one does not run with a girlish eager iips.s into new friendshpis, which, as they have no foundation in reason, serve only to multiply and embitter disputes; it is long before she chooses, but then it is fixed forever, and the hours of romantic friend ship are not warmer than hers after the lapse of years. 'As she never disgraces her good nature by severe reflections on any bo.iy. so she never degrades her judgment by immoder ate or ill praises, for every thing violent i? contrary to her gentleness of disposition, and the evenness of her virlue. 'She has a steady and firm mind, which takes no mure from the female character than the solidity of marble docs from its polish and lustre. 'She has such virtue as makes us value the truly grent of our own sex; she has all the winning graces that make us love even the faults wo sec in the weak nnd beautiful of hers." COMPARATIVE SENSATIONS THE DYING. OP Tho ideas of the sufferings of persons on the point oT departing this life arc tin doubicdly to a certain extent erroneous. The appearance of extreme agony which is often presented tinder these circumsttin ces is due too mere muscular ngitatinn, independent of any extraordinary sensibili ty of the nerves of feeling. Those who die a natural death, in the very last stages of existence arc scarcely conscious of bodily sultering not more than tlipy fre quently are to the attentions and solicitudes of friends. Il is certainly a consolation to reflect that, whatever may havo been the measure of suffering undergone by one of our cherished associates during tho term of Ins illness, the final moment is not at tended with an aggravation of distress. Those who die by violence or accident, undoubtedly experience a degree of pain proportionate to itie extent of the bodily mutilation. Hanging is doubtless an un pleasant mode of death; but few, after oil. "shuffle off this mortal coil" more cosily than those who nre suspended by the neck It is nkin to drowning in this respect. The blood immediately seeks the head and soon deprives it nf nil consciousness. The efforts lo inhale the nir which nre kepi up for some time after the cord is attached and which cause such violent movements of the chest and exticmities, arise from the influence of the spinal marrow whose sensibility is not so soon destroyed by the congestion of blood, as that of the brain The person that dies by decapitation most probably "Feel's pang ns great as when a giant falls," but il is only momentary ; this is the case with those who blow out their brains. Tho aensation produced by a ball pasMtig through the bndv wnuld be difficult to do scribo by one who has never experienced it. Rut it is something singular in this case thnt those who ore shot, although the "liden messenger of death may not hnv penetrated any essentially vital organ, im mediately fall to the earth, apparently under nn irresistible feeling of their op proaching return to dust, exclaiming, as it were involuntary, "I ntn a dead man It is the more singular that, though they may have cause for the most violent hatrrd against their enemy, and though he may be wiihin the reach ol eay nnd summary ret ribution, no effort is mode for his destruc lion. All motives of rcvengo seem to be taken nway, their strength, fully adequate to such a purpose, is not exerted. A dagger wound in the heart, for the few moments which aro consumed in the ebbing of life, must rccasioti untitieroble feeiings of agony, independent of tho mere setHti lions nf pain in the parts sundered by the entrance of the blade. Tho rushing out of the blood at each convulsivo pulsation of the heart, must seem like the actual spectacle of tho flow of life. Those who are crushed to death may not expire instantly, unless the crimson happens lo bo involved in the casuality. Where tho skull is not fractured thore is probably an inconceivable agony for a few seconds, n flushing thought of Inline, friends ami family, and all is over. Those who nre cut in two by a heavily butlhened railrend car must experience some similar sensnlinns. If the neck is broken low uown, the person dues nut necessarily dio on the in stant. His situation is the most distressing perhaps nf any which can be imagined. He may live aiid havo n being lor days; hut he cannot move. His face may ex press nil tho passions, feelings, and emo tions, but beyond the motions of his breast and countenance his energies do not go. His onus ore pinioned to his side ; his legs uro lifeless; nnd he essentially beholds his body in tho grave, whilo he is yet in the full possession of his faculties. The leas'. disturbance of his position is liable to Innncb him at otico into eternity Death by tho division of the throat is the least, seemly modo of making nway u,!!i, life, that ever entered the head of a madman ; and it is the least certain and most painful mode of cnminihing suicide. Such persons have the disadvantage of dying for want of hrcalh, nnd of bleeding to death. They labor, ton, under the difli culty of not knowing tho precise seat of I ho arteries. They generally cul too high by several inches, and if their knife hap pens to be dull, they can scarcely accom plish either of thicr objects in reaching the wind pipe or tho important blood-vessels. Unsightly wounds ore created; and the unfortunate victim of temporary insanity, has tho mortification of hearing his own folly made tho theme of animadversion and jest In taking laudanum, a person exists in a state of insensibility for a length of time, a mclaiicholly spectacle to his friends. In poisoning from arsenic, a great amount ol suffering is undergone. The sensibility of tho etomnch is exceedingly acute when inflamed; nnd the effect of arsenic is to produce a fatal inflammation of this viscus. Prusic acid is rapid, and acts by paralyzing the brain. Death by lightning is instantaneous. In n visitation of this subtle fluid, wc might almost picture to ourselves the very parent of life (for such may electricity bo deemed) assuming the arrows of death for the pur poses of fell destruction. In reflect ing on the horrors which death presents under these different aspects of violence, the mind becomes satiated with disgust. Wc cannot do better than turn lo the contemplation of its features in the milder course of disease, where, if the mind be nt ease, tho final exit is made without any nf those revolting exhibitions of bodily suffering. CONSUMPTION. Wc do not profess knowledge enough of the subject to judge of tho value of the fol lowing article from the N. Y. Commerciol Advertiser; but our subscription list em braces the names of many physicians and others to whom wc presume it will not be unacceptable: The late lamented death of Dr. Gushe from that form of consumption known as chronic bronchitis, painfully reminds me of a duty the subscriber owes to Ins profession and to society, of making known a simple form of treatment thnt has never failed lntn in curing this form of consumption, so des. tructivc to the clerical and literary profes sions; this treatmet is of nearly equal effi cacy in catarrhalphthisis, and is a valuable remedy for consumption in all its forms when in its chronic stages, and free from any inflammatory symptoms. This treat ment is based on the pathology of consump Hon. as a generic name for disease. Under the name of consumption arc in cluded that vnriely of diseases of the lung- attended will) expectoration ol purulent matter from the breathing surface of the lungs, connected with emaciation, hectic fever, and its concomitants, night sweats, colliquative dtarrhcea, &c. All the form of consumption act on the gcneial health from one common cause the presence of matter acting upon absorbing surfaces nnd ihu producing those sympioms known as hectic fever. It is the presence and vio. Icnce of this symptom of consumption, that prostrates the patient, until it more or less slowly ends in death. It is the consequence of this hectic fever, and not tho immediate disease of the lungs causing it, that forms the source of fatality from consumption. The treatment I now with reluctant dif fidence submit, I have successfully used for more than twelve years, and during that period of medical practice, I am not nware of having lost more than four or five pa tients from all tho various forms of con sumption, and these were mostly passed to that singe of disease where I lie structure of the lungs had become so extensively clis eased, as to preclude tho use of more than palliative treatment. Cases of chronic bronchitis were in every instance cured by it, even when the purulent expectoration amounted to pints daily, with hectic fever, diarrhoea, cold sweats, and entire physical prostration. The treatment is the administration ol sulphate of copper in nauseating doses, combined with gum ammoniac, given so as In nauseaie but not ordinarily to produce full vomiting; the usual dose fur this pur. pirns is about half a grain, and five grains nflhe respective ingredients, in a teaspoon ful of water, to be taken, at first twice, and in the convalescent stages once a day. In cases of chronic bronchitis a gargle of the sulphate ol copper alone is superadded. In this loiter form of consumption, this treatment nlmost invariably suspends the hectic symptoms in a few days, and the discas rapullv advances lo its final cure. In cases nflhe more proper forms of consumption, the treatment must be inter. milled frequently and again returned to ; and whenever Bareness of the chest, or other symptoms of inflammatory action ex ist, the treatment should be suspended ; as it is in the chronic stale alone that the remedy is indicated or useful that slate in which the condition of the general sys Inn as sympathetically involved becomes the more prominent symptom, and the sue cess of the treatment depends chiefly on the breaking up this sympathetic action of i he discaM'd lung, on the more healthy tone of ihc stomach, and increasing its di gestive powers, and hkowtso causing, du ring natiscnting action, a more active and healthy circulation of blood through the lungs. Its curative powers ate more im mediately attributable to these c fleets of its action. liut theory opart, tho treat moot is presenled based on moro than ten years experience ol its curative advanta ges. in the proper trcutmeni of diseases ol mucopurulent and purulent expectoration Having leu a profession thai moro near lv than any other approaches (he pure du ties nf humanity, bul which has nearly ceased in this country to bo honorable or profitable, I have littlo motive in exposing myeell to that certain fidliUlfl thai fallows tbe annunciation that consumption may cured, but the assurance of practical cx perienco, nnd the desire of making bublic a means of saving life, in one of its most frequent and unwelcome exits. EuwAni) C. Cooper, M. D. A Lawtkr's CniTicisM or Shakes peaii. I own that I never perused my chiel fuvorite, tho Merchant of Venice, without a mixture of melancholy to think that it has so many faults, and in particu lar that the distress turns chiefly upon cm. barrassmcnis with which no lawyer can seriously sympathize. There nre several striking flaws in this drama. In the first place ; Antonio's difficulties arise entirely from his gross oversight in not effecting an insurance upon his various argosies. He should have opened a set of policies at once upon the Rialto, where marine insurance was perfectly well understood, and where the brokers would have got him fifty names in a forenoon to ony extent upon ship, freight, or cargo, lost or not lost. This prudential step would have given a totally different turn to the whole affair. When he wanted to help Bassanio with three thousand ducats for three months, he could cosily have raised the money at four per cent, on the security of an assignment of of the policy. Shylock says of him, "An tonio is o good man ; yet his means are in supposition : he hath an argosy bound to Tripoli, another to the Indies; I under, stood, moreover, upon the Rialto, ho hath a third at Mexico, a fourth for England, ond other ventures he hath squandered abroad. Rul ships are but boards, sailors but men ; there bj land rats and water rats, water thieves and land thieves ; I mean pirates: ond then there is tho peril of wa icrs winus. anu rocKs. :ow, tliese are the very risks which the contract of insu rance is intended to cover, as clearly ex. plained in Marshall and our other writers, and as expressed in the following clause inserted in all policies: "Touching the adventures and perils which the said ns surer8 arc contented to bear, and do tokc upon them in this voyage, they are of the seas, men ol war, nre enemies, pirates ro vers, thieves jetisons, &c. barratry of the masters or mariners, and of all other perils losses, and misfortunes that have or shall come lo the hurt, detriment, or damage of the said goods or (merchandises, in shio or vessels." With this precaution, Antonio' means would have been no longer in sun. position, hul in certainty, and as good as hard cash, under deduction merely, of (he premium ol insurance. I inally, when in telligence was received of Aiiloniu's argn sies being wrecked, il is plain that he micht. in the circumstances, have at once abandoned to the underwriters, and claimed for a total loss. Il is painful to sec so many nminble characters involved in irief and diflicultics, which this simple nnd nat ural expedient would have obviated. Mv feelings at this reflection ore something akin lo those of a very susceptible medical friend, who declares that he can never sit out Romeo and Juliet, from the thought that a judicious use of the stomach pump, in the last scene, would remove all the dia- tresses and make two lovers happy. -Black wood's Mag. Stimulating Manures. Most of our farmers are somewhat averse to trying new experiments in the ort of cultivation, and yet, of all the arts which are practised by man, there is none in which there is more need of them. Those experiments which require great expense at I he outset, should be instituted by societies, or by those who have both money anil time to devote to them. Monv very important experiments may be tried by ihc man of very moderate hinds, for they may cost but little else than the time consumed tn performing them. One subject which we would name is slim ulating .nutritive) manures, though perhaps the word would be better than stimulating. Alter the plant or crop is up, what is the best application to cause il to thrive? Liquids in which manure has been soaked are oficn used for particular purposes. Wc recollect thai nn old friend of ours once amused lumpen by pamperin; a squash vine, which ho pushed forward to nil immense length by watering il every day with a liquid which he drained from his pigstye. lie applied it not only to the main routs, but also lo the little radicles which put out at intervals along the vines. Now there arc many nrl.clcs, cheap at con, which may be used to greal advantage. We quote the following use of the chlo ride of lime from a French work. Mr. Dubuc, a French apothecary, has discov ered thai muriate of lime (chloride of lime dissolved) is a very active manure, or veg etable stimulant, lie dissolves about two and a quarter pounds of the dry chloride in about sixteen gallons of water, and with this solution waters the plants at distant intervals. He sprinkled a light soil with his fluid, nnd eight or ten days after, plan led it with maize, and from time to tunc, during ihe season, watered the corn with the 6a me solution. Another portion of com nt six feel distant, he watered with common water. The former yieldtd dou hie the produce of tho latter. A large variety of plants and garden vegetables, were tried in the same manner and with similar results. Tho sunflower, Ihelianthus) which al that placo rises only six or eight feet, rrrew, by this treatment, the height of twelve or fourteen fee'., with fluwers whoso discs were eighteen or twenty inches in diameter, producing seeds which yiolded hall their weight in oil good to cat, and exuding from its centre a transparent vein like turpentiuo, very odorous and drying easily in the air. Potatoes were also tried. They were planted on Ihe Ist of May 1822, in two squares, six feel asunder : the ono was watered with tho solutiun, and tho o'l:or with water from tho cistern. They were gathered on the 10th of No vember Tho bed which had been watered with .h6 solution and only threo tunes during bctho season, produced potatoes six, inches long, twelve in circumference, and weighed nearly two pounds each. The olhcrs were in general only half as largo, nnd their stolks in tho same proportion. Threo or four waterings with the fluid at distant periods are considered sufficient. Some ascribe its action to electrical agency. Allowing one-half of the above state ment fur tho natural enthusiasm of the French, when any thing new occurs among them the solution must be a valuable stimulus for some plants. The chloride of lime can be had at tho paper-mills, or at the apothecary's, for n few cents per pound, nnd the experiment may bo tried, and if the good effects described above are corroborated, it certainly will be a valua ble auxiliary. If it proves to be of no worth, still tho experiment will bo valuable as refuting the above statement, ond pro ving that the results obtained by Mr. Du buc must be attributed to something else. Maine Farmer. From the Rutland Herald. New York, Aug.2, 1837. Sir. In your paper of 25th till, which contains my advertisement addressed to "Wool Growers," I noticed a communica tion, signed "Otsego." with your editorial remarks thereon. The reasonings and advice of "Otsego" arc good so far as they go, but he omits some points in his reasonings, which, if duly considered, might change, or at least, modi, fy his advice to Wool growers. If I wns to judge the motive of the writer by his communication, I should say "Otsego" is a large holder of Wool, who wishes to create an impression in favor ofn high price in Ihc Fall, and yet, to embrace tho earliest favorable opportunity to sell out himself. Those intimately acquainted with the course European trade are aware, that Wool has already declined in England 25 to 30 per cent in value, and they conclude that what has happened before under the same circumstances, will happen again: viz. that European Manufaciurers will be come overstocked with goods which it consequence of tho low prices of Wool and the cheapness of labor there, can be afforded nt very cheap rates. These goods will be purchased by those in the trade who still have capital or credit in Europe, nnd brought lo this Market lo compete with American Manufacturers, and if nnl purchased by such persons they will be shipped to this country by the Mauulaclur crs themselves, and forced into the market at Mich prices as they will bring, to ihe exclusion of American gonds, and greatly to tho detriment of our own Manufactu rcrs. The consumption of goods must also be much diminished through the diminished resources of the public to buy I hem, un less the price is also reduced to corres pond with their diminished resources. There is already a Inrgn slock of wool on hand, ot the old anil present crop, and more titan can be worked for tho remain dcr of the year if all the factories should go into immediate operation, and it can nut be supposed that two thirds of them will do so for a year to come. The stock of wool will therefore be constantly in creasing, and by holding on for o high price now, when it has declined abroad, larger importations than usual will take place, ond ihe price be kept down for e longer period than it would if the farmers should come forward and meet the market by Bulling, and on the contrary by meeting he market now, and shutting out impor. tat ion as fast as possible, the stock will diminish and Ihe value of the crop of next year will be greaily increased; and, the resuscitation of all our manufactories made much more certoin and speedy. And an tho other hand again, holding the price of the raw material too high for our mnnufac turers compete with foreigners, will tend to divert capital from that branch of busi ncss and restore foreigners to nil tho ad vantages which they formerly possessed to the great injury of American Agricultural and manufacturing industry, I can give twenty other good reasons whv the farm ers should not hold out for higher prices at present thun the state of things will ad. mil, bul I deem those already given suf ficient. Growers and Manufacturers have no op posite interest, on Ihe contrary it may be seen from what I have said above that they have the strongest inducement to assist and support each other. I am not interested ono dollar in either wool or manufactures beyond a commis sion nn euch sales as I miy make, but mv advice to farmers is. (o sell alt their wool tins fall and early in the spring al the high, est price they can gel, and go on imreas their crop, until by their joint efforts with manufacturers foreign competition is shut nut from our markets. I hope to commence my public sales by the first of October and rcfor your read ers to mv advertisement. Respectfully, your obt. servant, JOHN A. PARKER. Porpy Seed Oil. The following com munication was mado to Mr. Minor, of the Now-York Farmer, and may be worthy of the notice of Farmers and Horticulturists: Your letter of the 10th inst. to U.S. Scripture, has been handed me, with u re quest to answer your several inquiries in relation lo t lie cultivation ot the poppy nnd anil mauiier. you inquire, 1st. Wlmi kind ol poppy is best? Qd. Whal kind of soil is the best ? 3d. How du you plant or sow it.' 4th. At what linio should it be planted or sowed ? 5th. How much seed lo the acre? Gilt, How do you cul livato it? 7th. How do you gather it? &c, &c. As I have soma practical knowl edge of its cultivation, I cheerfully answer1 tho abovo inquiries, so far as my experi ence und information enable me to do, In answor to the first inquiry, ( sond you some of tho seed capsuled, containing the kseed. This species of the ptppy, having imperforate seed capsules, appear altogeth er the best adapted for cultivation for ob taining seed, as you will readily perceive, on examination, as the perforate, or open seeds capsules, would render the gather ing of the crop tedious and expensive. 2d Tins species nf ihe poppy has a very general adaptation to all the different soil usually met with in this State. Yet, when cultivated as a fiild crop, fur the purpose of obtaining oil from the seed, it should have a wnrm dry soil, either 6and and loam, or loamy gravel. Planted on a deep moist, and very rich soil, it continues to shoot up lateral branches which bud and blossom until killed by very severe frosts. Under such circumstances, wc can neyer have that perfect ontl simultaneous matu rity of the bolls which is necessary to ob tain a good crop of seed. This difficulty, however, can bo obviated in a grunt rncas. tire, if not entirsly, by the method of sow ing and cultivation mentioned in answering your 3d inquiry, 3d. Sow tho seed in drills, eight inches apart, and four inches in the drill, with aa light a covering as practicable. If tho wether be damp and rainy immediately after sowing, the seed will vegetate in a few days. The objections to sowing broad cast nre, that much of the seed is covered ton deep if the common harrow is used, and that so small a portion of it has an equal covering of earth, the crop will never bo uniformly ripened. Those seeds having a deep covering either not vegitnting at oil or so late in the season that some part nf the crop will be fit for harvesting, while another is in blossom, and anothor with the bud in embryo. This was the casa with a field sowed broad cast, in a deep, rich alluvial soil, and was never harvested winter setting in while a portion of the crop was io blossom, nnd another in tho bud. I hove a hand drill, of different construction from any I have examined. It sows the poppy seed with the most per fect accuracy, droping just one or two seeds at a tim-;. I may, at some future pe riod. send you a drawing of it. Another objection to sowing broad cast is, the utter impossibility of making a uniform distribu tion of seed. If. however, this method is practised, Ihe seed should hi sown just he" fore rain, having the sinfuce nf the field made as smooth and level as may be, and no covering attempted. 4th. Sow the seed as eoily in the Eeason as a good preparation of the soil can be made 5th. An acre, with distances as belore mentioned, will contain 196,020 plants, and unless there be an unneces-nry waste of seed, one pint will prove sufficient for an acre. 6th. The growth of the plant will be sn rapitl as not to rpquir. or even admit of, much cultivation. The plants should bo ihiuiied out when small, and all luxuriant weeds removed that would interfere with or check their growth. The poppy is very hardy, not liablo to be destroyed by any insects, or injured by early frosts. 7ih. Reap it as you do wheat, and bind in bundles. Thresh it upon tho barn floor, (which should ho very light.) in the same manner as wheat, and separate the seed from the broken capsules and stalks with a wire seive. The oil may bo extracted in the sanr manner as flaxseed and the roller and plale used in the first operation upon flax- eeu is well adapted lor poppy seed. Af ter it has passed through Ihu rollers, u portion of (he. oil mav ba taken out for ta ble use, and tho cake then broken up, ami ground under the stone in tho same man ner a flaxseed and after heating in ilia cylinder, the remainder of life oil msy be expressed. The cold expressed oil is very valuable for many purposes. The gen uine Macassar nil, for improving and beau- lilying the human hair, is the oil of the poppy seed. The article is often coun- lerleiled at present, bv snbuilulitig fine olive oil for the poppy. Tins deception may deieded in cold wether the olive oil losing entirely lis fluidity, while the poppy oil is not in the least affected by tho mast intense degrees of cold. The quantity of seed an acre ofland will produce, must depend very much on tho soil and cultivation. If the plants stand singly upon a pood soil the distances abovo mem lotted, each one will produce irom 4 to 8 heads, or capsules, averauin? through out the field 5 to every plant, making 980, 100 to ihe aero. Of ihnse I raised last season, 1 J often produced one gill of seed but this was measured before it was quite dry o that in estimating tho aver age quantity, we will say 25 heads to (ha l ins calculation would rive the en ormous quantity of 150 bushels of seed w the acre. The experiment has not been made on an acre of ground, which it mnsl be ac knowledge is the lairest way of testing tho productiveness nf any crop but it will bo found practically true, thai an acre of gooil Isnd, well fitted, will produce 196, OiO poppy plants, of vigorous growth, avera ging 5 seed capsules each and in prnol of the quantity of seed they contain, you havo but to exam'tio those I send you. I shall be able to furnish you with tho results of further experiments, as early n-i the com. ing October, and will send you some of the seed capsules entire thai you may distrib ute them among your fricfitU if they nro not supplied. In concluding my remarks, for tho present, I will say that, allhuuyh the enormous quantity of 150 bushels of seed to tlu aero will "not often, if ever, be realized by the cu'tivator, owing lo negli. pence and inattention yet one half the quani'ily will render til's btisiin'ss one of ihe most profitable branches of agriculture Inn value of tho seed bning nt present not lesi'iau gi 50 per buhul. In regard to madder, 1 have nn acre under cultivation, and havo availed myself of most of the practical knowledg of our farmers ir thm region on tins subject. must dp,f.jr nny communication on this sab.etjl, f-jr a fv weekf proliob'y until nfy.r Ihe first If

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