Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 18, 1838, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 18, 1838 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY O F C JE S A R H If T TUB W E I, F A HE OF no IW K . BY II. B. STACY. FRIDAY, MAY 18, 1838. VOL. XI No., 569 VAKIKTV. THE KISS KUOM THE FRENCH. I'linuks lo my gentle, absent fricnl, A ki-ss joii in your Idler scut! ! tlnl illi I I he. thrilling i-liarm is lost, In ki-seii lliiit nimo liy post Tnat fiuil nnl tusu-fiil tic, Wlicn gnilicn-d, niching, fiom ilic' Ircc ! TEA vs WINE If wine iii pniron sn ij lea Only in iinuilirr fdinpc: What matter wliellicr nno is killed Uy canister or grapel MULTIPLYING A SlTiltT. As Tom whose end ofpoveily was (Lulled, Lay sung -in lied uliilc his one etiirt w8 washed, TliR (I. line Hppnnrcil, nnd holding it to view, She paid, '11 washed titi in, 'nvill wnsli in two.' Indeed!' cries Tom, I licit wash ii.piny good cousin And wash it, if yon can, into a dozen !' UNMARRIED LADIES. I consider an unmarried Indy, declining ino" tbo vaij lif years, as one (if those jia""iiii countries t'.,. 'during tin Chum, Mnt lii-s caste, for want or" ,.'"pcr inhabit nuts.. We ore not to accuse tlib r-ountry, but' some of its neighbor, who are in-, "ii bio to id; beauties, (hough at liberty i." enter and cultivate the miU Goldsmith FIVE REASONS. 'Mistress Grimes,' lend mo your tub? Can't do it all the hoops nro off it's full of suds besides I never had one because 1 washes in a barrel.' GREAT MEN. Alexander had a wry neck,--William the Conqueror in his latter diiys was scarcely nblu to move from corpulency Hannibal and Philip of Macednn had but on eye a pieco--Co!sar and Mahomet were troubled with tin- falling sickness and the linn hern burn, Odin, is said to have little u'se Mini a omiii)muii(I ifdl.-eascs. When Voljniru wa lir.-t introduced into the I'm ian palnco ho uas desired to en'er a closet, whero he found n lilt In withered figure tin d"r the clothes, shivering with the ague---rsileriok die Groat "sea going. lie that cannot cat any thing, in any way, ai any tune, nut of nny thing, touched by any i lung and I hU under t he sight ol any dirt, thoefivct of any smell, the sound of any discord and the feeling of any mutton should not go to sea. SHORT AND. SWEET. 'I can't t-( uk in public-ne' r done such a tiling ui n'l my lift:,' said n chap the other nigh! at a public meeting, who ban been called upon to hold forth, 'but if nny body in the crowd will speak for me, I'll Iwlil his hat.' Method of raising Wheat several tear? in succession on' the same ijam). Mr. Edmund C. Millet, of Minot, obser ved that he purchased a farm a few years fiince, that had been running down for 20 years, and as he could not at. once obtain manure enough to improve the whole of the fnun, and as he wisl'cd to raise on more laud than he could prepare in ihr usual manner ho followed the method of improving his land by clover, as recom mended in the first volume of tho Farmer. Two years last spring he commenced sow i:g about 8 pounds of clover seed lo the acre, with his wheat, and as soon as the wheat was harvested, he ploughed in the clover stubble, and last spring he ploughed the ground again, and sowed wheat am clover as before, without any manure. When he harvested tho wheat, ho kept what "row on -1 rods less than half an acre by itself, as it was Dlack sea wheat, a! different kimUrom tho rest of the crop; the produce was 18 1-2 bushels. The o'hur kind of wheat on tho same ground was a good crop, but being harvested with sovoral acres, grown on land different ly prepared, the produce was not ascertained, -jjlr, M. says that he shall manage n part of his land in the same manner for years, and see what the result will be: he thinks it will be favorable, lie intends to get a cultivator, and work bis ground with that in the spring, as it will be cheaper than ploughing,' and he can loosen the surface without disturbing so much of the stubblo and clorcr when it is well ploughed under. Plaster sown with clover, would increase. the crop on most soils, and on that account benefit tho succeeding crop of wheat, but whether a very rank growth of clover would :;. ll.n crnn of wheat With Which it grovvB, or not, we cannot ny it is a good Wo select tho lol mili'ioci for experiment imtflnrr remarks ; Experience has demonstrated that when the eulpbato of lime, or plaster of Paris, is applied to soils, that it increases the growin of clover, and that when clnvor is grown pon the soil, mixed, cither by ploughing i" tliu wholo crop, or by turning under the clover stubblo, that it prepares such for producing wheat in greater perfection than when inanuro in applied from llio yard. It has been, by pursuing this course of ullage, or rotation of ciops, that many lands in western New York, which by nn lure were thin, light soils, and winch did not, when first cultivated, produce more than 15 bushels of wheat per acre, have been ttiadc to produce from 30 to 40 bush els. How long the fertility of lands thus managed, will continue lo increase, is un known, but thus far our fields which have been cultivated the greatest length of time, whero attention has been paid to rotation, produce not only the greatest quantity but the best quality of wheat. Whore fields are clear Irom stumps and stones, so that they can be ploughed deep nnd tegular, and where proper attention has been paid to seeding with Timothy and Clover, many prefer turning clover cither in crop or stubble under, allowing it to romain, work, ing I he toil lightly with drag and rollers. In this way it is thought the greatest nd vantages by the preparatory crop is real ized. Yankee Farmer. 1'iiun i he Cultivator. THE NEW HUSBANDRY. We havf been asked, and have promised, to t. ,v s i ' i . what we mean by the JVcto Sys tern if uu,''untl'y and we now proceed to redeem our ''imso. The system is 'rw on,y comparatively, and in cmr radi-tuiCLior; to the old system, which is generally adopCeJ m the first set llemetil ol a country, in 6on!e degrei as a matter of necessity; but wi'iit1', being once established, is too often persisted in, with a reckless indifference to ulterior co sequences, long after the necessity for it has ceased. Tins particularly happens in countries line ours, where now and virgin soils are continually invitin-? to emigration. What we denominate the new sysicm, has long been in npcraiion in the valley of the I'o. Ill Italv. indeed it urnm In hnvn hnen practised there by the Romans, in the meridian ol llieir greatness and in Jt Ian- llers, and for Hie last half century in Great Hritain; and it has, besides, fur .inei nno, bad many faithful followers in lie United S'aics. Uv the old cvstem. wo moan that which, generally speaking, has impoverished, and is still impoverishing, ihc soil on our Atlantic border, and which is already causing indications of premature exhaustion and poverty in some portions ol the new west. "As much vacant land as tins district contains" (says a late writer of East Virginia) there 16 but little uncul nvaieil o d fie dsl which, unt enr cited, yield any clear profit. Therefore, Ensio'ii Virn-mia. in its nrescnt state, if ft 1 1 1 v unoulaied. nnd no increase can bo x iioet cd. cxcenl from the imnrovcmenl o" Ihf. unit, nml the nmsenucnl increased means of suhtiitenre" T'ns lemark will hold rood in many portions ol the older stales, By jYtio Husbandry, we mean the nrt, and in many yet a mystery of progress ively increasing the (eriilily and products of our soil-:, and the intrinsic value of our farms nnd of thereby providing tho means of subsidence for our increasing popula lion. There nre nn universal rules for doinrr this. .Much depends unon climate, soil, and upon tho distance and demands or Hie market. The products of the soil, as well as the demands for them, vary generally witli latitude. Grain, pulse, roots, and (rrns..- aro the natural nroducts of hicher i-. .TV. - l -,i. minimi;;' , nuu, tmiuii, uuu iuu.ui.u, w..- stiiuUi the wtan es of more temperate rnr,,..!. u-hiln iIip nmiluct ions of the torrid zone vary from both of those before referred to. Though thcro aro no definite rules of prnclice, that will apply to all, yet there aru essential requisites to success that have a rreneral application. These arc capital, industry and perseverance, and know edL'ti to apply them wisely with elleci, under the varied circumstances of chmale. soil and market. Great success cannot be expected in any laudable undertaking, without persevering industry ; and in re- yard to knowledge, ihc laws which goyern inn'ter. upon winch our labors are to bo expended, aro llio same everywhere; and wu pre endowed with capacities lor loves- liaiin.r.cnmprehendmi and applying many oft hem in aid of labor the profits of tulitnh nrn in n mnnsnrn irrndoalod bv I II! mlnlllrrnllPK vulnnll itno.irlli nnd llirt'CtB It. The New Sv.iem ol Hushandrv. or the art of increasing the fertility and products lit the SOU, consists 111 1. ManuilncT. 2. Druimng. ii, Good Tillage 4. Alternating" Crops. Root culture. And, C. In substituting fallow crops for naked fallows. Most of all theso are necessary to nood forming, according to soil, climate and nnnl Kin. '1' IOV aro lie d alllirruis lino- traits of the now husbandry; nnd as they nrn nrirlsm wit ll Illoro Or OSS III In Uu nni judgment, in that proportion aru they likely to advance tho condition of our agriculture, and to benefit tho commonwealth. Thoxe objects have become bo hackneyed, from our repeated attempts to illustrate I heir bearing upon tho prosperity of our ,,i r ii.n1! ..-u nimr.ct flnRiinir nf ininr. rtin" our readers by what we navo to ufl'nr ; but as wo labor ui our vocation, and deem the matters iu question of deop m- teres! to Hie farmer, wo shall again throw our seed ubmad, trusting to the indulgence of our patroiiB, and in the hope, that, at least n porlinn oi it may tall upon goou irround. and yield n reasonablo iucnase. i ..v. .i..., i o. W U HUUI U III uieiiurn inn ouyui ui auujui - . " .i -...I ui,.ti nn.innunr wu navo i ,ZZ improvement in our husbandry. In the remarks wo shall offer, it will bo our endeavor rather to explain tho principles upon which the new systom is rounded, and which bnvc a common application, and to demonstrate their beneficial influence in husbandry gnnornlly, than lo detail the mimitrn of practice, which must, in some degree, ever be influenced and controlled by local causes. I. MANURING. The first requisite to improving the fertility of t ho soil, is plenty of food for the crop, which it is destined lo nourish. The meal chest must be occasionally res plenishcd, or it will not long serve to 'sup ply the wants of tho family. Tbo kinc inu3t have daily her forage, or her grain, or she. will withhold her accustomed tri bute of milk. Tho field which yields an annual contribution to tho husbandman. will become sterile, if nothing is returned to replaco (he crops annually carried off. Philosophers have speculated for nges, as to What constitutes the Jood of plants? Without recapitulating the various theories which have had their day, upon this point. every farmer can readily respond to the question, from personal knowledge that it is .manure vegetable and animal mat ters, which constitute the true food of farm crops. Mineral, fossil and earthy substances, may meliorate the soil, and increase its capacities for the healthy de velopment and maturity of plants or may impart wholesome stimuli to the organs of plants themselves, -but vegetable and substances, after all, constitute mainly the elementary food of plants: Crops arc always good, on well prepared grounds, when these, in a soluble state, arc known to abound ; and they are always defective, or prove n failure, when thesej nro wanting should hence re gard manure as a part of i heir capital as money which requires but to bo properly employed, to rcturi) tbcm usurious interest. Thev should husband it as Ihey would tcir ccnl-' or shillings, wnicn niey moan lo inert-use iu uuuura. i uu v ouuu u ttuu oinizo every animal and vcfe-ctaoie sua stance on tllC farm, and when it JlBS 6Ub served other useful purposes, apply it, by mixing u propeuy wmi uie sun, 10 mi increase of the coming harvest put it to merest, that it may return tho owner Us Pcr centage of p.oht, in grain, roots and 'orago. and uli imately in the increase o meat, and in the products of the fleece and dairy. Every load of manure, well applied to the farm, will increase its products lo "'c value of one d.iljar. The farmer, therefore, who wastes n load of manure s feckless and improvident, as ho who throws away a bushel of corn, in these dear limes. Not only what is denominated manure, as mo contents or mo cattle anu ""S ynrus, anu uie cleanings oi ino stauio the amount of which may bo greatly ""creased, by slants, weeds, vines, and other vegetable mailers may be irans termed into larm produce but UlO rich earth of swamps, ditches and waters, the "eaves oi uie loresi, urine, soap sous, etc., arc all convertible to a like use. He that will not feed Ins crops with manure, should not complain if his crops fail to feed him with bread. As the grain, roots and forago destined to feed the family, nnd the farm stock. require the best care of the husbandman. to prevent waste and injury, so does the. manure wlncti is ucstincu to reed nts crops. U' ermcntntiou, if sultercd to exhaust its powers upon it, materially lessens Us value; ' he wind and the suu dissipate Us virtues, n rains leach it. and waste its lertiliztng powers. The same care given to the lood of vomolnlilo wlneh rIuioIiI he nivon lo tho - - . . lirau Ul uiiuiiuib. win uu nwu) ituiniiiii.-nauu m "io increased product o. tne Harvest I'imo, marl, gypsum and ashes, arc nil ooiieiieiuny uppnuu m niuiuusu it-mmy, uuocr ccriniu cirtuuismiiet-u, which ii is unnecessary for us here to particularize, Stiff clays are also benefited, by tho appli cation of sand ; light sands arc improved y "u nuiiiisiun; , ... n, 3 nnd sand aro improved by tbo addition ol man, or oilier caicarcons suosiauccs. H we contrast the common with the unnvtu c uwiwi (..Ku,wiw ..... mu.. agnmnnt of dung, wo shall readily see, ' nai uie uiiiorene.-, in prt-s.-rvm- iiiu it-r. nitty of tho soil, is incalculably great- euuuo i muuuu pnvuriy m uuu tusc, uuu to enrich the proprietor in the other, Even the bust class of our farmers, who deemed jlllllCIMUS managers. B0IUOI11 HVail I lleiUSCl VCS of llolftllC r0-!0UrCe8 of fertility which their farms or neighborhoods afford--not half that aro put in successful rcuuisiuuu uy uu: iuiiiiuib ui uieui uruuill anu r lanuere. uesiucs, wnai manuro uiey 110 maKe is in general uadiy nuebanded. They Buffer the gaseous portions to waste in (ho air, instead of being absorbed by, n',u enriching ino sou; anu tne liquid lo ennrso downhill to llio Highway or tho urtiuK. dui wuai suau we say ni uie mass 01 ,iur lormers r v o nave i raveneu nun "reds ot nines io ino west, and seen groat i uuiiiiuto m iiiuiiuiu, iii iiiu yniuo uuu nl,l,l,t 'be barns, often the accumulation of yunrp, bttiiiiii" i v viiMioiufi tu uv lliu UWIIBIS rather as an incumbrance, or a nuisance ,lla" ai a source of fertility and of wealth in inu new sysicm oi nusoBiiury, ino lar- mer p prolits are in a measure graduated by me quantity ol manure ho is enabled to reduce from his farm. In tho first num bcrofour fourth volume, wo rave csti "iuiub. num mgn nuiiioriues, oi me amount prouueeu upun (arms in urcat lintain. ly. Coventry, Agncuiiurnl t'rnlessor in u'nnniirgn university, gives (our Ions "f nnnuro to each aero of straw manufac ,urml uy Tarm stock, A liorwickshiro .r...i.u uj, oir juiiii oiuciair, ou VoH lour carl loads, of 30 to 35 cubic feet each, from ovorv n vvininrml .mnn io 1 . .- .. m atraw and urnips. Meadow and is stated to produce from four to six tons of nmm.rn fertility upon a faim nro estimated to be sufficient to give n full supply of manure once in every course of I lie lour year sys tern of husbandry. Arthur Young, with six uorses, tour cow, nine hogs, and suit able litter, made 118 loads of dung, 3G bushels each, in n winter. Cattle fed with turnips aro computed to make double the manure that those do which are fed on dry fodder alone; and nn aero of turnips, with an adequate quantity of straw, has produ ced sixteen curt loads of dung. It will be readily perceived, that by this mode of management, ample means arc provided for keeping up tho fertility of the soil, when put under a four shift system of bus bandry. What now is the common quantity of manure under the old tystctn ? Taking our slate, or our country ul large, we are confident tho average quantity which is judiciously applied, will not amount to one load an acre, and we are doubtful if it will amount to half a load. Can it bo won dcred, then, that under such reckless man agement, of returning to the soil only a quarter, or nn eighth', of what we tnke Irom it, of the food of plants, that our lands should continue lo grow poor, till they no longer yield a reward lo culture? The cultivated lands in this stale are esti mated at eight millions of acres. On the supposuion that one half of l hern is appro priated to tillage and meadow and this is low estimate wo might produce and apply annually, under the new system of husbandry and we ought to do so sixteen millions tons of manure, worth to the country, at n low computation, sixteen millions of dollars; whereas, we now produce, under tho old system, certainly not more than four millions of tons there by suffering an annual loss, independent of the certain and constant diminution in the product and value of our lands, of twelve millions of dollars in the single item of manures ! This is not n visionary snccu- lation it is sober truth and we ask nny intelligent man, lo show, from facts, a less unfavorable conclusion. We will merely remark nvrc, in renard to the application of manures, that if used in an unfermcntcd state, they should be buried with the plough, and applied id a h.icd or autumn ripening crop ; if used in a rot.' cd stale, they may bo blended with the surface, and applied to a summer- ripening crop. We will givo our reasous for this practice. Manure fertilizes "in two wnvs by ihtj "aseous matters which arc evolved in fermentation, and which rise; and by liquid matiers, which sink. If used before it has parted wit.n us gases, manure should he buried, that the incumbent eoiI may imbibe these fertilizing elements II the manure has been rolled, ll has parted with ils gaseous matters, and all its re maining fertilizing properties arc liable to be carried down by the rains henco thio may be deposited near the surface. Again. fresh manures, even in a liquid form,11 induce a rank growth oi herbage; but they do not produce good plump seed. Hence if applied to common small grains, they cause a great growth of straw at the expense of the grain: Fermentation being most rapid at midsummer, when the seed, nnd nol the straw, requires the fond. Rut the autumn ripening crops, as corn, &.C., are in thai slate, at midsummer, which requires strong food lo perfect their stalks and lenves; and the for mentation of the manure, has subsided before tho grain matures in au tumn. Fossil manures, as lime, marl, gyp-sum, are applied upon the surface, or buried snpersilieinlly, because their dispo sition is to settle down, and they give off no gaseous fond. Individuals, it is true, arc but units--yet the aggregation of units make millions, and ilio aggregation of individuals consli. tutes nations. Weshnuld all act as though individual example had an imposing influ ence upon the whole. In the matter which we have jui discussed, every farmer may bo assured, that by adopting our sugges tions, he will unquestionably promote his own interest, and by his example, benefit society. Col, Lo Coiirlcur (see Farmers' Magazine) tried siidile mnimrr, nnd liquid in mine, lln Litter diluted, npnn UU ulieai. I'lie ui.iin lilleri'd innoli, or s.ino ii hi c.i t ginivtli nf sir.iu und biii ; lint llic prnduel in grain wi.i diminirlird. When I lie liquid manure na. applied n recoiid lime, b being nouieil iixnii I lie gnnving wlie.u. llio si raw was very lank ; lliK plains produced only a few cua of wheal, and these were ei defective in grain. MULBERRY FACTS. Extract of a letter from a gentleman of great experience in tie culture of the mulberry, under date of March II, 1838, in reply to a variety of questions in rela lion to tho subject of Silk Culture, &C. : Thnt with proper culture and attention the Multicaulis will enduro our winters, is a fact fully established by my own experi enco. I have a largo number which are now in a perfectly hardy state; many of them have stood through three, winters uu protected, nnd arc at presont iu all appear anco, uninjured. 1 have cultivated four distinct'kinds, and with equal damngo by winter and early frosts, and have conies lo tho conclusion that if the Multicaulis is cultivated with the same care and attention as are the peach and apple, wu. shall have n plant for the business of silk growing that has no superior. I obtained last vcar at tho rale of 100 pounds of silk (o tho acre of mullicauli irees. 'I he present year, having better and more rxtcnsivu accommodations, mv operations will bo on a larger scale. Five tons of green leaves can ue raised ny layor trees fto llio ncrol in this pari ol New hn gland, and upon a large scale. 100 pound er leavos, if judiciously u?cu, win leeu auuu worms, enough for ono pound of silk. I havo reeled o pound of silk from loss ihai. 2000 cocoons, and one of my neighbors has .done the same. The muBt euro way to protect the roots of the Multicaulis and have tlinm survive our coldest winters, is in my opinion as fo iijws i mer inning on inn leaves, say irom noouitno luin lo ino i!Ulh of Septem ber, and before a hard frost) and while tho plants nro grucn and growing, cut them down near the ground, and slightly cover the stump?, to keep them from Ihc air. If this plan is followed, success is sure, So far ns I have had experience, it is the first frns's in autumn which do the injury. My mode of planting out Ihc trees is as follows: The land being well ploughed and harrowed, I strike out furrows four foot apart, put therein a dressing of compost manure, nnd lay down my trees tho whole length, one after the oilier, and cover with earth. One man can plant an acre in a day and have the work done well. The same amount of labor will bo sufficient lo cut and clear tho ground in the autumn. and nnothnr day's work will cover all ihe slumps. To uncover the stumps in the spring, use tho pronged hoe, then lot the cultivator pass between tho rows keep tho ground clcor of weeds and grass until the sprouts arc about ono font in height. Silk worms' rgg-s should bo enclosed in glass bottles, corked so close as to exclude the air deposited in ihe ice-house and on the ice, and may ho brought forth for hatch g any time during tho season of feeding. W. C. Remaiiks. We esteem it a privilege to receive communications frcm-thc experi enced silk grower, and especially from those in whose opinions and practice nnd observations wo havo confidence. There are only few who have had the opportuni ties and experience of our correspondent, and whose opinions so well agree with the friends of silk culture in this vicinity. We fear that there arc not so many mul berries under cultivation by hundreds nf millions as ought now lo be growing in eucry State in tho union, to enable sill; growers to avail themselves of the bounty offered or to be offered, and ensure lo themselves the profits of ono of the most encouraging pursuits ever offered loan ag ricultural community, or which offers so ample return for the amount of investment, and besides, being a business which will not interfere with tho ordinary routine ol farmers' work or crops. Lnspeciou: Northampton Courier. ORIGIN OF COAL. Coal is supposed by some writers to be the remains of antediluvian timber which flnatcd in the waters of tho deluge until several mineral strata had been formed ; iithcrs conceive it to be nntcdiluvinn pi at bog. It was used in England anterior to the reign ol Henry III ; for that monarch. in 1234. renewed a charter granted by his father to the inhabitants of Newcastle, by which l hoy wern permitted to dig coal on the payment of 100. pcr nunutn. Coals had been introduced into Loudon before I30G, for in ihat year the use of them as fuel had been prohibited, from the supposed tendency of their sTnuko to corrupt Hie air. Ab iutthc beginning of the sixteenth cen tury the best coals were sold in London at the rate of 4s. id. per chaldron, and at Newcastle no more than 2-. Gd. for the same. During tho ensuing century, how ever, they were received into such general use, ihat iu IG43, on tho scarcity of coal iu London, many ot the poor were said to hnvc died from the want nf fuel. The whole quantity of coal sent into London on an average of four vcars, has been cstinia ted at 1 170,000 chaldrons per annum There lias been inucli dispute on the origin ol coal, but Qrogmart lias given the follow. ing ns the general conclusions i f natural tsts : 1. That coal win formed at Ihe same limo ns, or alter the existence nf. organ ized bodies. 2. That this mineral when tirit formed wns liquid, and in a great de gree of puri'y. 3. That the mum enuse which produces lhi sub.-inuce is several limes renewed iu the same places and un der the same circumstances. 4. Thnt the cause, whatever it may be, is nearly the same over all the earth, since Ihe beds of coal always exhibit nearly Ihe snme phe uumena in their structure nnd accidental circumstances. 5. That these beds have nut been deposited by nny violent revolu tion, but on the contrary, in the most Iran, quil manner, since the organized bodies that aro lotind in them are olten lound en tire, and the leaves of vegetables impressed in the slate which covers die coals arc hardly ever bruised or otherwise deranged. Mclliyr Chronicle. ADVICE TO A DAUGHTER. There- is ope more point involved in the general subject of this letter, which is too important to be omitted; I refer to the deportment which it becomes you to main lain towards the oilier 6cx. The impor tance of this, both ns respects yourself and others, you can scarcely estimate too high ly. On the one hand, it has much to do in forming your own character ; and I need not say that any lack of prudence iu this respect, even for a single hour, may expose you to evils which no subsequent caution could enablo you effectually to repair; on llio other baud, llio conduct of every I'o male who is of tho least consideration, may bo expected to exert an influence on the character of cverv gentloman with whom bIio associates, and that inllueiicu will be fur good or evil, ns she exhibits or fail oxhibit a deportment that becomes her Indeed, so commanding is this influcncrf that it is safe to calculate upon the charac ter of nny community, from knowing th prevailing standard ol femalo character, and that can scarcely bo regarded as an exaggerated maxim, which declares tha women rule the world, Let me counsel you then never to, uttc an expression, or do an net that looks like soliciting any gentleman's attention. Re member that every expression of civililj to bo of nny value, must bo perfectly vol tintary; and any wish on your pari, wheth cr directly or indirectly expressed, to make yourself a favorite, will be certain to awaken tho disgust of all who know u. I would not recommend any thing like fl prudish or affected reserve, but even tine wcro not so unfortunate an extreme as nn nxecssivo foiwardncss. While you mod estly accept any attentions, which propriety warrants, let their bo no attempt at artful insinuation on the one hand, or at taking; a heart by storm on the other. Be not ambitious to bo considered a belie; indeed, I had rather you would be almost any thing else that docs not involve gross moral obliquity, than this. It is the fate of most belles that they become fool. is lily vain think of nothing beyond person al display and not unfrcquently sacrifice themselves in a mad bargain, which in volves their destinies for life. The more of solid and enduring esteem you enjoy, the better, and you ought to gain whatever of this you can by honorable means; but to be admired, nnd carresscd, and flatlercd for mere accidental qualities, which involvfc nothing of intellectual or moral worth, ought to rendjr any girl, who is the sub ject thereof, an object of pity. You are at liberty to desire tho good opinion of every gentleman of your acquaintance, but it would be worse than folly in you to be am bitious of a blind admiration. I will only add, that you ought to be on your guard against the influence of flattery ; rely upon it, the man who flatters you, whatever ho may profess, is not your fritnd. It were a much kinder office, and a real mark of friendship, to admonish you tenderly, yet honestly, of your faults ; if you yield a littlo to flattery, you have placed yourself on dangerous ground ; if you continue lo yield, you are probably undone. Adieu fur the present. DOUBLE OFFICES AND DOUBLE SALARiES. One of Ihc most common and culpable abuses of General Jackjo.n's reform and retrenchment administration, has been the practice of rewarding the more useful and active partizans by double appointments. Wo do not allude to tho case of Mr. Isaac Him., who, whilst Governor of New Hamp shire, held, unconstitutionally, and still holds, wo believe, the office of Pension Agent, on the plea that a pension agency is not an office under the general govern mcnl; for in this case, but one of the ap potntmcnls was held by n federal tenure ; but wo refer to thoso numerous instances in which the favorilics of General Jackson, holding permanent office in some of lln-; departments, were appointed lo temporary missions with the view of augmenting the emoluments 'of their official service. Thus, for instance, Mr. Ror.EnT Green now. a translating clerk in the Department ot blato, with a salary i r jJl.iGO per annum, was sent to Mexico, ns btarer of despatch esreceiving lor his th roo months' trip Jjl.212 8G. and drawing in l lie interval tho salary of his clerkship. Again, in t lie case of Ei.eazer Eari.v. who was sent with despatches in our Charge d'affaires at Bo gota, u7n'7i were never delivered. To thH gentleman Mr Foiuvtii paid Sil,522 "2, lor the expenses and compensation of ono hundred and nineteen days services and at the same time Mr Eari.v was drawing at the rate ofgLSOO per annum ns librarian ol tho llnusa ot Representatives. This is what the old psetidn retrenchment and re form committees denounced "as a couven- "ient mode of sending favorites abroad, to travel for their pleasure, health or instruc tion ou' of the public coffers." Another charge in ihe books of the State Depart ment that looks somewhat unfavorably for a "relorm and retrenchment" administra tion, is that of 2,515 as ''contingent ex. penscs"of tho mission of the lato William T. Bauuv to Spain. This gentleman nev er reached Spain and received his usual salary and outfit ; what "contingent cxpen scs" it that case, could bo fairly chargeable to our government ? In tho year 103G. Mr. Ji-hn R. Cuav, who was nt tho time Secretary of Legation at St. Peterburgh with a salary of 2.000 per annum, icceived nn additional ' .i,3R2 41, as compensation ior cerium uipioinauc services." What Ihosc "certain diplo- "inalic services" inay'have been, doro not no othor than pertained legitimately to the Secretary of Legation, during tho abswico of n Minister. It is n more trumped up charge, to attach n larger compensation Ihan iho law authorizes, lo the office held by Mr. Cr.AV. Tho reforms and retrenchment commit tees, which overthrew Mr. Adams spared nothing could he distorted into nn K'lnbubo. They did not permit air. Attomuy Gcnpral Whit-one oi tne puresi anu uiun

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