Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 12, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 12, 1844 Page 2
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r.EW YORK HERALD. WW Ifwrk, 8?nrt?y, May W. UM. Father Mathew'l visit to tlas United HUttl. It id expected that Father Maitiew w ill visit this cououy sometime 111 the course of the present month. He Jus had litis voyage to our shores in contemplation for some time past?his noble, phi lanihropic spirit seeking to embrace both worlds in the grasp of sympathies and love, as expansive as iiuiimiuiy nbcii ; ana it is lielieved tliai an w? arrangements for this purpose have been now completed. The arrival of this great apostle o( peace, sobriety, and virtue, will be indeed a most auspicious event; and the results of his mission, at this particular crisis, cannot tail to prove eminently beneficial. Let us brtedy glance at the consequences which may reasonably be anticipated to follow the labors of Father Mathew in the United States. The very first consideration which has presented itselt to our inind, in reflecting on this matter, has been the influence whichihis visit of Father Mathew u likely to exercise upon the conduct of his countrymen in tin* Inriii enil fho t'oolina antavtaitxa.! ?o. wards them as a distinct class, by many of their lellow citizens of different creeds and different origin. Indications, as conclusive as melancholy, have of late presented themselves on all hands, showing the alarming extent to which feelings of the bitterest animosity toward the Irish, as a class, at present prevail. The exhibition of prejudice against the Irish is, indeed, no new thing. But until very recently, it has been confined to the illiberal and unenlightened portions of the community, and whenever it has manifested itself in a grossly offensive manner, it has been promptly and efl'ectually rebuked by the intelligence und justice of the American people. Thus in this city in the disturbances of the spring of 1N34, and subsequently, when the attempted organization of un Irish volnnteer company, under the designation of "O'Connell Guards," occasioned considerable popular excitement, enlightened public opinion prevented any serious outbreak, and despite of the infamous course pursued by several purtizan prints,who endeavored to infiame the public mind and stimulate the mob to outrage, peace was preserved, and the city and the institutions of the country protected from disgrace. But within the last two or three years a new and terrible spirit of discord has made its appearance?watch-words of fearful omen have been shouted aloud?religious bigotry, with hideous and blood-stained visage, is scattering fire-brands far and wide, kindling, in many quarters, into fierce and hissing blqpe the vilest passions of opposing sects. Nothing is more painfully indicative of the lessening influence of that liberal spirit, and of those god-line charities, which characterised the founders of this republic, than ?he eagerness with which such'wateh-words as "No Popery !" "Down with the Papists'" are caught up and re-echoed by multitudes of the people of this country. Well, indeed, may the intelligent friend of the freedom and free institutions of the United States, feel alarmed, when he thus witnesses the introduction into our midst of those potent elements of civil discord and ruin, which have in the old world so impeded me progress ot Humanity, and so repeatedly converted Christendom into one wide field of blood. And who are they who have thus let loose upon us evils of such fearful magnitude, and against whose introduction it had been supposed that the sagacious patriotism of Washington and his compeers, had interposed an eternal safeguard ? We can have no hesitation in answering this question. On the heads of certain of the clergy of the Catholic and Protestant Churches, aided and abetted by unprincipled political demagogues, rests this terrible responsibility. The Hugheses and the Moriartys, the Brownlees, and the Kirks, aud the Cheevers, the McKeons and the Iietchums?these have been the men who have done this-these have been the men who have so iudustriou-ly sown the seeds of religious fanaticism and sectarian hale?these have been the unhallowed instruments of arraying in fratricidal hos til ty against each oilier, great musses of the citizens ot this country. Dare they deny it 1 Dare nny of their misguided adherents deny it 1 In vain may the leaders ef eiiher sect, charge upon those of the other, the crime of being the sole or the first aggressors. We regard the clerical demagogues both of the Protestant and Catholic churches as being equally culpable?they have alike violated the precepts of the master whom they profess to serve, and alike put in jeopardy the glorious civil institutions under which they live, and whose privileges and blessings were designed to be, like the detvs of heaven, lor all inen,; of whatever creed, or lineage, or clime. Such, then, is the crisis, at which a priest, a Catholic priest, an Irish Catholic piiest, comes to our shores, as the missionary of peace and good will to 4.1 men?of temperance, of sobriety, of social and individual virtue?not breathing forth anathemas against rival creeds, not to seek renown in the uisy arena of polemical controversy?hut to spread the peaceful triumphs of the Cross, and in the true, earnest, loving spirit o( the great Apostle of the Gentiles, as displayed before the judgment seat, when the soul of Felix trembled witlun him, and Agiippa exclaimed?"Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian !" Coming at such a time, animated by such a spirit, preceded and attended by as sociations commanding the reverent esteem and respect of all men, are we too sanguine in hoping that Father Mathew may do much to exterminate prejudices, to subdue animosities, to quench the dames which bigotry and fanaticism have enkindled ! We do think that the mission of this great and good man, if aided, as we trust and cunnot doubt it will be, by the pious and patriotic of all sects, may exercise a most potent and pervading inHuence for good, which will go far to counteract the evils which the folly, the intolerance, or the selfishness of those to whom we have already adverted, have produced. The harmonious union of citizens of all creeds, in this great work ot moral retorm, cannot fail to soften down sectarian a?? perities, and obliterate,to no inconsiderable extent, the prejudices and bigotries which unprincipled, reckless, or designing demagogues, clerical or political, so readily turn to " their own base uses." Again, at the commencement of an excited Presidential contest, und one which now threatens to he accompanied by scenes of debauchery, disaipa unn, ami urunaeiinesa, as disgraceful at) those which gave to (hat of 1H10 an much infamy in (he eyea of all virtuous and good citizens, we cannot refrain from the expression of the highest gratification at the expected visit of the great Apostle of Temperance. The drunken saturnalia at Maltiinore the other week, gave us warning, sufficiently significant and impressive, of what we may expect all over the country 111 the course of this campaign, if some greut temperance revival do not take place. A " revival" of this kind is, indeed, needed. I'nfortunately the moral movements of the jieople in this country, have too much the character of paroxysms. Like the impulsive1 man, without the ballast of sound judgment and stability of character, whom the poet describes in some cutting lines. we are too much " everything by starts, and nothing long" The temperance cause has < xpericnced its nhare of suffering from tins unhappy idiosyncracy in the national character, it we may so speak. Short periods of great excitement have been followed by longer periods of dullness and apathy Innumerable associations, with all sorts of names? " Washingtonian"?and " Ilcchabite"?and " Sonof Temperance'*?many ol them not conducted under the best or most influential auspices, have been e-taoiifdied all ovei ; and each liltle section, following out its own contracted designs, withou' sufficient fraternization with its fellows, ihe general union of ths whole great " cold water ariny," has been very much broken up; and hence the decreasing influence exerted on the public mind, and the greatly diminished progress and prosperity ol the cause. Mow, the visit of Father Mathew presents, we think, a mo?' uuspicious opportunity for concentrating into one solid mass, the overwhelming influences, which, thank heaven, have already been enlisted in this laud, on the side et temperance. Let all the various associations be merged into one great, harmonious, united body?the Temperance Society. Let other designation*?some of them not in ihe best possible taste?be dropped. Let a general "union" be formed in each State, consisting of regularly appointed representatives from the various associations. Let the elements of moral influence which really exist in the temperance ranks be pro|>erly concentrated and made to bear upon the public mind. We trust that this will be done, for we cherish a most sincere and cordial regard for this great and honorable cause?we desire to see all impediments to its success removed, and earnestly wish for its universal prosperity and triumph. We have thus briefly glanced at some of the considerations, suggested by' the announcement of Father Mathew's visit to our shores. It retaains lo be Men how far our anticipation of ita results, as respects the advent of a better spirit, one more worthy of American citizenship, amongst all classes of our people, and the wider diffusion of the blessings of temperance may be realized. In the meantime, we only add, that the realization of these hopes?hopes which, we are confident, are ardently cherished by all good citizens of every creed and name?must depend very much on the virtuous and patriotic efforts of all who will seek to improve such an event, so as to make it contribute to the advancement of the great interests of morality, and the removal of evils which at this moment threaten so seiiously the peace, honor, and very, existence of the republic. Another Distinguished Literary Tourist in the United States.?The arrival of Sir E. L. Bul* wer, the distinguished English novelist and philosopher, is now looked for with considerable anxiety. It is not at all improbable that the next steam ship from Europe may convey him to our shores. His vi3it will be another proof of the rapid growth of the interest with which the literati of the old world have begun to regard the United States, and in several additional respects it must be regarded as a rather interesting event. Bulwer is a man of remarkable talent, and a very popular writer. Naturally psssessed of a tine creative genius, vivid imagination, and discriminating taste, he lias had, in addition, all the advantages which a highly finished education confer ; and not being shackled much by principles which are commonly regarded as inseparably identified with morality and virtue, his novels have attained, of course, an immense degree of popularity as well here as in Europe, particularly amongst the very sentimental of both sexes It is not, however, our intention just now to enter into any examination of the character and tendencies of Bulwer's novels. We allude to his popularity as a novelist, merely for the purpose of preshadowing the sort of reception with which he is likely to meet if he allow himself to be subjected to it Like Dickens, he will be seized hold of, the moment'.he arrives, by some of those petty little cliques, who arrogate to themselves the exclusive right and title to be re. garded as the leaders of fashion, literature, society, and everything. He will be dined and wined? toastedgand leasted -badgered and hored to death? if he give these cliques the slightest chance of waylaying hitn. Thus it has been with inany European travellers of distinction. They have been seized, tormented, misinformed and misled by the mere fag-end of American society?by conceited, contemptible cliques, who no more represent society in this country than Dickens represented the sober and enlightened judgment of English travellers. The only way in which European travellers of any note can see this country, so as to judge accurately, is to follow the plan of the Caliph of Bagdad, when he wished to see how his people behaved themselves?that is, travel incognito. Lord Morpeth went through the States a good deal in this fashion, and was a close, judicious, and impartial ob ncivci. lie uiauc a Iianuw CBUnjIC Ilffre 111 iXCW York, to be sure, but his good sense delivered him trom the hands of the Philistines. We advise Sir E. L. Bulwer to do as his own "Pelham" did, when he went among the burglars and assassins?that is, to shave his magnificent whiskers, put on a carotty wig and disguise his person so that none of the toadies here can know that " lie's out." Another Musicai. Wonder.?Liszt, the greatest pianist living, has made full arrangements for visiting the United States. His secretary will be here next month, and prepare the way for his arrival in October. He is destined to create a great sensation in this country, and produce a musical mania at least equal to that of last fall. Ever since Fanny Elssler's visit to this country, all artists of eminence in the various departments of music, the drama, the fine arts, in Europe, have looked to this country as a sort of El Dorado. The accounts of her astonishing success, excited the moat extravagant ideas respecting the triumphsand rewards which likely awaited them here, and their imaginations have been filled with hopes as brilliant and almost as well-founded as the clown who expected to find the streets of London paved with solid gold. However, after all, this is the great harvest-field of genuine merit in the higher departments of art, and especially just now, in music. And certainly it cannot be. doubted that young, interesting, and possessed of extraordinary genius, is he is, Liszt has a brilliant career before iiitn in this country. Conm.aoration ?A fire has been raging at a place called Depr Park, 40 miles from Brooklyn, and has done a good deal of damage for two or three days. It had been observed from a great distance by those who made the enquiry, and have ascertained that it first broke out in the woods adjoining the Long Island Railroad. The farmers in (lie vicinity consider it has been caused fhrmieli I some negligence on the part of those connected with the railroad, and are so enraged that they threatened to attack it and tear up the rails. It is to he hoped that the late rain may have put a stop to the Hames, and prevented these threats being executed. InRKom.artty of uik Mails?What a the matter in the Philadelph'R post office I We receive the Chronicle of that city very irregularly. Whenever it contains anything worth having, it never reaches ns. If the editor of that paper don't have this corrected we shall just pay him off in his own coin. Eastern Pacers.?We are indebted to Adams Co. for Boston and Portland papers in advance of the mail. Also to Childs Ar Co.. for bringing the latter to Boston. The i ipkra?'s?Tiik Park.?List night terminated the engagement of those clever artists and established favorites, the Keguins, at the Park. It was Mr Seguin's benefit, and though the attraction was great, and the beneficiary worthy of a crowded house, it was but a slim affair. The injudicious raising of the prices? the bad management Ol playing (Hi me same nights as the Italian company? and the overwhelming popularity just now of Italian opera?operated sadly against the success of the English trnujif Mr. Macready succeeds the Seguins, appearing to-inorrow night as llamlet. At J'almo's Opera House all is success, fashion, -legaiice, and triumph. To-morrow night, 1m Siintuimhula is to be represented, and of courts there will he a brilliant and crowded house. The 'ompany is now very strong, and the permanence of the opera is no longer matt r of speculation Musical.:?Vieux Temps, sister, and Wallace give concerts in Philadelphia this week. ^tatkn 1st.and Ferry.?If fair weather to-morrow, two boats will run, commencing atW A. M.? last boat from the P. M. mm?mmmmmmmmmmm?mammon Methodlit Bplieoptl I'MTentlon-Uow B?twMn Ute Brth?rlw>* .OMteM Proewd. Infi-SUvtrp. This pious and exemplary body of sectarians, preachers of " peace and good will towards men," had a very exciting and edifying debate on yesterday, which will tend to widen the breach a good deal between the northern and southernsectionists on the the subject of slavery. A vast number of petitions from all the northern and abolition Stales, praying that no brother, frieudly to the cause of slavery? no slave-breeder, he invested with uny of the higher orders of the Church, have been presented since the commencement of the session,and these petitions liuve been referred to a committee. The irritation end excitement which has prevailed in Congress on the subject of the 21st rule, lias been transferred to the Green Street Methodist Church; and the indecorous and coarse demeanor of the body on the subject could not be checked by the admonitory reprimand oi the Bishop. Tae Convention assembled at the usual hour. The vote on the appeal was here called for. Br. Smith explained his object in relation to the course he had taken on the subject. He had no objection personally to the appellant as to character and talent, and moved to reverse the Baltimore decision on the subject. Tiie vote stood?ayes 66, noes 117. The Doctor here asked leave to enter his protest, which was denied. He next moved the re-consideration of the subject. Brother Green, moved its reference to the Bishops. Bishop Soui.k did not wish to have the matter referred to the Bishops. It belonged to the body, and they should take action upon it. Dr. Smith said the action taken upon the subject by the members would burn upon their cheeks like a niece of charcoul, and yet make them blush through shame. (Considerable confusion, amid cries of " order," ' order," " we are not to be insulted," " order.") Dr. .Smith continued, he was not to be put down. (Much excitement.) No one dare to put him down. (Confusion.) The day was when such a thing as the present in the Congress of his country.?(Much confusion and cries of " order." They had no power in the storm ol excitement to nut him down. (Continued cries ol "iorder," amia some confusion.) They might as well think to chain the lightning or the winds as to put him down. (Continued cries of order and confusion.) A Member interrupting?I wish to know are we to submit to be insulted in this way ? I)r. Smith continued?He knew that the majority would vote the motion down, but still he should not be put down. The majority had the power to vote him down : but he had a right?he meant by right not the substantive power, but the adjective power, and unless they assumed the power of a majority the most wanton and reckless. A Member?We want no such boasting and insult here. (Continued cries of "order.") Chair?That is disrespectful. Dr. Smitii did not mean it as disrespectful. A Member moved the question be laid on the ta ble. I)r. Smith would withdraw his motion. The regular order of business was then proceeded with. Memorials on the subject of slavery were heTe presented by a member from New England. Mr. CoorER, a southern man, demanded the reading of the memorial before its reception, it was intended for election purposes.?(Confusion.) Mr. Crandor, order, order.?(Confusion and cries of " order, order.") Mr. Cooper.?He is the moBt disorderly man himself, in the entire house.?(Roars of laughter and confusion.) Chair.?You are both disorderly.?(Immense laughter.) An Alabama Member.?The committee do not mean to report on slavery.?(Confusion ) Mr. Eaki.y moved, that they do not receive petitions where action was not required in the premises. When they sat 32 years ago, he thought the question was settled. They stood to-day as they did then, and if they introduced any new element ol dissension they would do irreparable inBishop Solle of New England, was in favor of decisive action on the subject of every memorial, couched in proper language, which might be addressed to the convention. Dr. Wihnans, a southern member, fully concurred in the views expressed by the Bishop. The motiun was withdrawn. A Member rose to renew the motion.?(Confusion.) Another Member rose to order. Mr. Cartwright wished the brother not to go oil at hulfcock. Some brothers had been so hot that if they were thrown into cold water they would, like red hot \xon,(Hoars of laughter.) The discussion was entirely in advance altogether as the matter was yet in committee. He would assure their honors (bowing and curtseying amid roars of luughter), that their humble servants ...i.? "vujm I'vmaj'o 1111111% iiwna iuu suuu wucu i? tame, and that they could fight a good decent battle, (liumerise roars of laughter and noise and confusion ) Bishop Soui.k?I give it up as totally impracticable to observe oTder, 1 do not say decorum, in the convention. I After a brief pause, the Bishopsaid lie received a document on the subject of missions, which he [ wished to have referred. Mr. KiNSMtv?1 move that it be heard before it is read. (Tremendous laughter.) A Mkmhbr?How could it be heard belore it is read ! Mr. Kinsley?Oh, that is but a slip of the tongue. Referred. Several memorials on the subject ol slavery were here presented, when the meeting adjourned over to Monday. Struck hy Lightning.?During the severe thunder storm last night, about twelve o'clock, the electric tluid struck the rotunda of the post office in the Park, shattering the ceiling considerably and doing other trifling damage. Two gentlemen, at the time in the building, were severely stunned by the shock, but fortunately were not seriously injured. Texan ano Mexican Messengers.?G. L. Thompson, special Messenger to Mexico, arrived in Mobile on Tuesday last, and went thence to Pensacola. R. C. Murphy, bearer of despatches from our charge in Texas to the government of the United States, arrived at New Orleans on the 2d inst., in the Neptune, and left forthwith for Washington. P. A.Southall, Ksq., bearer of despatches from Mexico, leftatthe same time. i SrORTINQ INTELLIGENCE.?Beaton Course ?A match which promises to he of more than ordinary interest is to come off on this course on the second I Tuesday in June. It will be a tour mile stake for four year olds. Subscription $2(10 each, balf forfeits. No less than six are expected to start. A purse of $800 will be also given for the best three in live mile beats. foiglc Course.?The whole force of the New Jersey and Long Island stables are expected to attend at this course next week. Baltimore Rates.?The match between Johnson's " The Colonel" and " Midas," two mile heats, was won by the former, on Saturday last?time, 3.45 and 3.&0. _ VikcxTkmi-s'?(tr.nTimes?Trit mph in New Orleans -This great musician was the object of universal attraction in New ()ili ans,and this attraction was increasing every day. On the French side of the New Orleans llee, we see it stated that on the last night of his performance at the Orleans Theatre, the audience, in the midst of one of his thrilling voted 111in a gold medal. A list lor subscribers was taken round, and was filled on the spot. The medal is a beautiful one, (500 francs value) and reflects an honor upon him, which is more to be prized, (coming, a^ it does, from the best judges of music in the United States) than anything ever won by any performer in the country. On one side of the medal there arc engraved these words: ? " To the first violinist now living, II VIF.UX TKMP8, King oflho Violin." On the other:? " Oiven by the Amateurs of New Orleans " Gibbon's Rome, in Harper's neat, convenient and very cheat) edition, edited by Milman, has reached its tenth number. This great history has seldom, if ever before, been issued in a form better calculated to give it a universal circulation. Thousands who have long wished for if, have now an opportunity to procure it. The numbers are sold at twenty-five cents each. Firk at Oldtown?Five Persons Birnt to Death ?A house near the railroad at Oldtown, occupied by a French family, wen entirely consumed by tire la.t niglU, and a man and four children perished in 'lie fl.imen The man, Mr Benjamain D.ivonst, alarmed 'he (aniily. and immediately proceeded up stairs to resemble four children belonging to his brothei, nnd there lie ind the children perished together Threeother children of the same family were saved ?Hun for Whig, May 8. Mercury.?a correspondent writes as, that " thr planet Mercury is and for n tew evenings longer will be visible in thew N.W , aliout 8 o'clock, at an elevation ol about M degrees The planet Venus does not set until the very uncommonly late hour of 11 o'clock Boilnn Transcript, Af?v to, Cask of Justice Gilbert.?The charges against Justice Gilbert, of the Upper Police Office, that! have been pending before the County Court were disposed of last evening. The Court wen', into secret session at half-past lour o'clock, during which time written and verbal opinions weiedelivered by the inembera. The following is the opinion ol Judge Ulshokffer, the presiding officer of the Court, which presents a full view of the case with the point of decision, by which it will be seen that the charges of malice and corruption against the Justice, ascontuincd in the specifications, were not sustained:? The County Court arc now called upon to decide whether the Justice is guilty or innocent of the charges made against him The charges relied upon as established are that the Justice fined Mr. Le aria lor fast driving in the streets, without a mai; and that he refused to take bail for Lewis, and to adjourn the hearing and compelled Lewis to give security for his good behaviour. Also, (nut the Justice arrested Mr MoGowan without authority, aud convicted and committed him as a disorderly person, refusing to allow him to go and procure hail. These acta ure charged aa illegal on the one hand, aud malicioua and corrupt on the other hand. Aa to the caae of Mr. Lewie, I strongly incline to the opinion that, under the circumatancea, the trial ought to have been adjourned; and whether the atatute authorized the Juatice to take^aecurity on auch adjournment or not, it aeeme to me that Lewis ought to have been allowed the adjournment, iiut the Juatice supposed that he could not legally take tecurity, and thut he could not adjourn the trial unless Lewis remained in cuitody, and thereupon he fined Lewis $0, which being pa>d, together with the costs, Lewis was discharged^ 1 think this matter too hastily and summarily disposed ol by the justice, aud the adjournment ought to have been allowed, and without the detention of Lewis. But the right to discharge without security, and the right te take security, are points utioii which the justice might honestly have doubted, and if he erred, as 1 suppose he did, it does not follow that ho acted wiltully, mulevolently or corruptly. Considering all the evidence relating to this transaction, I have not been able to conclude that the justice ought to be removed from office for his conduct towards Mr. Lewis, however harsh it appears to have been. As to the case of Mr. McGowan, I likewise think tha the justice erred in his opinion aa to his duty. Consider ing his knowledge of the standing and character of Mc Go wan, the latter ought to have been allowed to go out for hail, with or without an officer in companyespecially as the warrant for his arrest was not in court. And in view of all the cicumstances the conviction as a disorderly person and attempted commitment of Mr. McGowan, in my opinion, were not justified. I am not, however, disposed to say that Justice Gilbert might not have entertained different opiuions on these matters as to his right and duty , and the proofs are not sutfieient to show that his conduct in this matter was wilful or corrupt. Indeed, in regard to both the cases upon which this impeachment is founded, the evidence is not harmonious - If that or the fact of the prosecution stood alone, perhaps the conduct of the Justice might not be entitled to much pnlliatiou. But the evidenee on the part of tho defence, is strong to disprove the imputation of corruption and malice, and to lead to the conclu sion, that the Justice acted from a sense of supposed duty, and in most respects according to the general practice in ihe upper police. This court have repeatedly held that the mere errors of a Justice, in relation to his conduct and duties, would not lie sufficient grounds for removal from oitice. The evidence must impeach the motive, and prove that the intent of the Justice's act was corrupt and dishonest. Errors of Judgment are not the ground of removal from oflice, unless they are so glaring as to prove the party impeached-to be utterly incapable of discharging his duties faithfully and honestly. In one case the District Attorney had objected to certain practices in the police office, and we thought that his opinion ought te have been respected and obeyed ; yst as the magistrates supposed that they possessed tho power and frequently exercised it, wo concluded that they acted honestly although erroneously, li the practice was honestly mistaken in regard to bis power, his participation in a common error is 'not such a proot ol corruption, or gross irnorance and incapacity, as to call lor hit removal from office. It it carrying the rule of charity to too givat an extent, to overlook errors of judgment I lkl.1, If o AllT. ...I.. >vas applied to official judgment, who could stand the test ? And when individuals are appointed to otiice, having wo particular knowledge of its duties, we may reasonably ex l<ect that they will tollow existing customs, without much enquiry or examination. The appointing power may correct tho evil; but when this tribunal acts, we are confined in our inquiries to evidence of corrupt motives or wilful misconduct, uuless the proof of Incapacity is so glaring as to require a removal of the ofticer. Widely as I disagree in opinion with the justice, us to his conduct in the transactions now before this court. I am still not prepared to decide that he is convicted of incorrigible ignorance, wilful misconduct, or corrupt motives. But my time will not permit me to go further into these matters. In the view I have taken of the case, founded upon the whole evidence, 1 think that the charges are not substantiated in such a manner as to require the removal of Justice Gilbert from office; as far as he erred, the evidence, in my opinion, justifies the conclusion that the er-. rors emanated from the head, and not from the heart They were errors in judgment, and not the willul ahts of a corrupt and ignorant officer. The result of my opinion in this case, is contained iu the following resolutions Unsolved, That although the evidence iu the case of the articles of impeachment against Justice Gilbert, docs not justify the arrest, detention and conviction of Mr. Mc Gowan, us a disorderly person, nor the fine hastily and summarily, and without an adjournment, imposed upon Mr. Lewis hv said Justice; and although the conduct of the Justice does not meet the approbation ot this f'ourt, still it appears by the evidence, that the errors committed by the Justice may have been errors of judgment, and were not the result ofmalice, corruption, or oppression. Unsolved, therefore, That the charges against Justice Gilbert are not substantiated in such a manner as to justify his removal from office, and that consequently he stands discharged therefrom. Thtfflp resolutions wore ndnntpil hv tin* fnllntrincr vn(a Judges UlshoefTer, Ingraliam, and Daily; Recorder Tallmadpe, and Alderman Martin, Vandcrvoort, Waterman, Purdy, Hatfield, Scoles, Raw son, and Lee?13. A'?ys?Alderman Clayton, Woodhul), Dunning, Tillou, Kmmans, Nash, Brevoort, Briggs, and Brady?9. Titles op Acts of a General and Local Character, passed by the Legislature of the State ol New York at the sixty-seventh session thereof, 1844. To amend the act to incorporate the Apollo Association Tor the promotion of the line arts, passed May 7, 1840. To amend the Revised Statutes, fixing the penalties ol bonds given on appeals and writs of certiorari. To amend the act entitled " An act authorizing a loan of certain moneys belonging to the United States, deposited with the State ol New York for safe keening." Relating to the Court of Common Pleas for the city and county of New York. To amend an act entitled " An act for building a bridge over flushing creek, and constructing a road and establishing a turnpike between Flushing and Newtown in the county of (Queens," passed March 41, 1801. To amend the charter of the Public School Society of New York. To amend the act therein referred to declaring the rights, and for the relief of the masters and wardens ol the port of New York. For the further preservation of deer, trout and other game in the counties of Suffolk and Queens. To incorporate the New York Vaccine Institution in the city of New York. To nmend an act entitled "An act to incorporate the New York and Erie Railroad Company," passed April 44 IH34. Requiring the Register of the city and county of New York, and county clerks, to keep and return accounts of their fees and lot other purposes. To incorporate the Odd fellows Hall Association in the city of New York. To establish uniform fees of clerks in naturalization cases and so provided for the taxation for the fees of clerks and registers ol counties. To extend the charter_of the llrooklyn Fire Insurance Company To incorporate the Protestant F.piscopal Church Mis sionary Society, for seamen, in the city and port of New York. To amend an act entitled " An act to incorporate the trustees of the I.eake and Watts Orphan House in the city of New York, passed March", 1831. To incorporate the Kings County Mutual Insurance company. For the further relief and mpport of the poor in the Co. of Kings. To provide for the erection of a new Lunatic Asylum in Kings county. To incorpora ethe New York Denevolent Society ope rative masons. For renewing and continuing in force "an act to incor|>orate the society formed in the State of New York for promoting the manumission of slaves and protecting *uch of them as have been or may he manumitted," passed February 19, 1819, and also the act renewing and continuing the same, passed March 24. 1*24. For the better security of mechanics and others erecting buildings and furnishing materials thereof, in the city and county of New York. To incorporate the Irish F.migrant Society of New Vork. To incorporate the Mutual Aid Society of the city of Brooklyn. To incorporate the Medelsolm Benevolent Society ot the city of New York. Relative to receivers ol banking corporations To enable the supervisors of the city and county of New Vork to raise money by tax. To amend the act entitled "an act to incorporate the trustees of the Protestant K.piscopal Society for promoting religion and learning in the Stuce of Now Vork " passed April 4, 1839 In relation to the first and sixth brigades of artillery, in the city of New Vork. To incorporate the Kastcru Collegiate Institute in the city of New York. For the hotter security of mechanics and others erecting buildings and liirnisbing materials thereof, in the several cities in this State, (excep'ing the city of New York,) and in the villages of Syracuse, Williamsburg, fJeneva, Ca vvwriu, mill /llllilirn. To continue in force the net to incorporate the Ancient Briton's Benefit Society in the city of New York. For the establishment of a Normal School. To rtmeiul certain parti of the Revised Statutes in relation to the bringing of appeals and writs of error. Supplementary to the act entitled " an act to provide for ;>aying the debt and preserving the credit of the State/' passed March 3f?, 1S4J. For the establishment and regulation of the Police in 'ho city of New Vork t j amend an act entitled " an act author-ring a loan oi -.ertain moneys of ?hc United States deposited with the State of Neu York " More efi,-dually to provide for common school educa|nn in the city and county of New York. To amend an act entitled " an act in relation to common ichools for the city of Brooklyn," passed March 3-'t-l, U'43. I uncerningthe t lerks of the Supreme Uourt and the Register uad Assistant Register and Clerks in ( hancery. < hrto Kivkr.?At Wheeling, tin TueatJtiy, there v era eleven feet of water in the channel of the river. At Pittsburg, on Wednesday, the nver had seven feet of water in the channel. PhUUtlpkla. f iTfW|M>&deaC? rfthf IJcrald.] Philadelphia, May 9, 1844 Knowing yeur desire .10 have I he lateat and moat authentic news trom all quarters, I sit down to inform you that we have been for some days in the midst of a most astonishing and extraordinary excitement. A certain number ?f gentlemen, calling themselveb par excellence,k Native A- ; mericans,' after havingdenounced all foreginers as > inimical to the liberties and prosperity of the coun- 1 try, have been exemplifying their attachment to ] the I 1W4. nnH nrniiBinc llipmoMvpa Inr wtmp (lavs t and nights, by shooting, burning and destroying the Roman Catholic Irish, their dwellings, churches, tfcc. A very considerable number ol houses, the dwellings ot' these people, have already been burned, with many of their inhabitants, men, women and children. Such of the men as attempt to escape are shot down, or dragged through the streets with ropes round their necks until dead ; and the women and children who escape the Haines are hunted from plaoe to place until finally driven for shelter to the woods in the neighborhood of the city. Several of the churches, schools, otphun asylums, &c. have already been burned down, and it would appear as if there wa? something peculiarly agreeable in the heat'eniitted from a burning Roman Catholic Church, as the parties engaged in ihat occupation express the greatest transports of delight when the heat and Hames are the most intense, notwithstanding the weather with us at this time is by 110 means unpleasantly cold. As we Philadelphia ans are a staid, quiet, sober people,all these amusements are conducted^ in the most orderly and systematic manner, under the immediate superintendence of the military and police. When a house or church is set on fire it is instantly surrounded by the police and military who sufler no one to approach or interfere with the progress of the flames. Their exertions in preserving order have been unremitted for the last four days and nights till they are no longer able to sustain the fatigue. To day the Mayor invited the citizens to assemble in town ineeiing and politely informed them of the proceedings of the last four or five days, und of the exertions of the " Native Americans" to sustain the laws and liberties of the country; respectfully enquiring whether these important duties should be left in the hands of the Native American party, (under the superintendence ol the mayor and pblice.) as at niesent. or whether the citizens gene rally would take the matter under thejr immediate direction and control. Our Mayor being an amtuble, quiet, gentlemanly man, was. of course extremely anxious to relieve himself and his police from a business of this nature, never dreaming, (good easy soul!) what some of his predecessors used fondly to imagine, (old Booby Wharton for instance,) that he and his police were selected and paid by the public to attend to that very identical thing. It was finally resolved, as the mayor and po uce were worn out with fatigue and had other matters to attend to preparatory to the ensuing elections;?and as the military, (not being called out by requisition from the Governor,) could not be expected to perform further duty without knowing from what quarter they were to receive pay for the same?and as the Governor, (entertaining the astonishing idea that it was the duty ol the Mayor and Sherriff to provide for the preservation of order in the city ana county,) did not see lit to interfere?that the citizens generally should assemble in their respective wards this evening, headed by the ward aldermen, to relieve the Mayor, Sheriff and police in the arduous duty of super, intending the exertions of the " Native Americans" as aforesaid. We have therefore every reason to expect that the business of to night will pass off in as orderly, quiet, and sober a manner as the business of the last three or four nights has been conducted. I am, sir, your's very respectfully, "A PHILADELPHIAN." P. S. The foregoing letter should have gone by yesterday's mail but was unavoidably delayed. Mince the above was written, the Governor has arrived in town bringing companies of military from Harrisburgh and Lancaster to relieve the worn out military of this district The marines Irom Fort Mifilin and the crew of the U. S. ship. Princeton have been marched to the city for the same purpose. Our local military and police will therefore have an opportunity of enjoying some repose after their fatiguing exertions. The " Irish" being either exterminated or lied from the city, the " Natives" have availed themselves of the opportunity to take some repose and relaxation previous to their further exertions to maintain the laws and liberties of their country. We expect another demonstration of their patriotism to night or to morrow, and ns if is expected hereafter that every disphivof hanging, shooting or burning on their part, wilt tic accompanied hy a "Jen tic jote on tlie pari <>l llie military, our citizens are on the tip toe of expectation and look for great events. It lias been demonstrated in the course of these proceedings that the Irish are a? easily cllected by shot gi.n wounds as any other class of peopje ; also, that hanging, or suspension, or strangulation has not the same effect upon them, owing to their having been so long accustomed to it in their country. One of the morning papers informs us that " Tagert?the Irishman who was hanged, dragged on the street, and left for dead at the Northern Liberties lock up house?is mending slowly, having, strange to say ! no bones broken, and will undoubtedly recover. An effort was actually made yesterday to procure his release:"?(for the purl ose of repeating the experiment) " but it was resisted, of course, by the good sense of the inspectors,,"?who, no doubt, considered the previous experiment sufficiently satisfactory. Peace be with thee. We are informed by several respectable persons of this vicinity, who wer* up at Kensington yesterday, that there were numbers of half-grown boys and men engaged at that time in digging up und robbing the graves of the burial grounds of the burned church of St. Michael. The silver plates and ornaments were being torn from the cofhns of the dead, and sold to individuals who made it their business to ofler high prices for the si me. This is really an outrage of tne grossest kind, und should lie looked to by all who respect the decent usages of society. Amusements. Chatham Theatre.?We paid a flying visit to this popular house, but of necessity we made our stay a short one, for the very palpable reason that ?vc could not lor the crowd get a glimpse of the stage, hut were told that Hill never played better.? The great " Polka " was danced to the very life by Miss Cannon and Mr. Brooks. It is a brilliant gem in the crown of this little queen of the dance that she was the original in America in a figure which has set the the metropolitans of the French nation half crazy. "The ' Revue des Theatres' <>f Paris considers this dance, which, like f?t. Virus's at one time, is now all the rage ?to possess little originality, and pronounces it to he a combination of the liussian Mazurka, the Poknaise, and tlie Cachuca, and by the te-union a pausing dance is produced for the stage, hut it is consider d it can never become popular in private socieiy. I Hp most popular music to uie nance is uiai anapted by Burgmujler." We hardly know how to speak in sufficient terms of praise of the Chatham management. He is certainly uhead of all there in the production ot novelties. To-morrow again he, in advance ef all other rivals, brings out 'he great prohibited comedy of "Richelieu in Love," which will be performed with a powerful cast. We shall have more to say anon. American Muski m.?Apollo's lyre has descended to the earth! The Orphean?, a splendid singing family, who excel the Hutchinsons, have been ngaged for the present week by the indefatigable manager. The Museum was crowded to hear them last week, and will he this! The inimitable >-Vinchell is also re-engaged, with Cole and his Dog. Performances twice each day at 3? and 8 I'. M. The Giants can be seen at all hours, also the Gypsey. This is the richest bill for a week that has been offered yet, don't neglect improving it! Only go early on account of seats! Such a Sight?ft w-as a most splendid scene vpsterday when the < riant, both < li an leases and the Dwarf appeared together on the stage at the New Vork Museum. The audience appeared thunderstruck with astonishment when the curtain rose ind presented them to their view. We observed die Giant seemed inclined to cast a sheep's eye at the Giantess, and his wile appeared to petccive it too. The American Giantess, at the New York Vluseutn, is sufficiently handsome to excite the idmiration ol any man, and we naturally suppose that the Giant would possess a penr.han: for her. The Itwarf and Giantess have proved so attractive that tlie manager has re-engaged thcin in nddition to eight performers Hnd all to lie seen for one shilling; who would not go with suclt an inducement held out. Arrested for IIomicidk.?A person named Hut hias Butterfield was arrested yesterday on a charge it committing homicide. Some three years ago, in an itf'ray at Alhany, between the crews of two can I t.oots, it is said he injured one of the crew of the opposing boats ii such a manner that ho died u rhort lime alter <io\\ toward offered a reward of fJ&o tor Ids apprehension ; nit he made his escape to Ohio, where he icmuined till his reason. This morning he wis captured, altera short are, and hiaidentity proved. \t lie n-piest of the p.;. loner, the examination was postponed until ho couio pro tiro his witnesses from abroad.?Rachrtttr Dimocrat. Affaibs in Boston.?The Grand Jury this <iny returned into court eighty-one bills of indictment. V large number of these arc for a violation of the license law, and the parties will bo arraigned on Monday next? Motion Journal, May 10. gggaeBBgHggBagH? Common Council. Boa no orAi.di.umi . ? .Mav i 1th Alderman P . in,i'. idri.t in tbe cliair. Hj imtaiin{ So. 34?Aldermanhitiaos presented several petition* from -.umerous citizens of the Ninth Wmu, a?wmg lor tne ranon of Kin; Kngine Company, No. 3a, mnt Mso 'i resolution, of ilit- fire and water'.ee in favor of ituch a measure. Alderman Wsti.hiian opi-osed the adoption of the resolution. _ Alderman Tilcoc advecatcd the adoption ol the resolution, which wus finally lalopted hy u vote of 9 toil. hull on ferry?A communication from the CommonCouncil of Brooklyn asking for the appointment of a committee to unite with a committee of that Board to consult as to the hest means of leasing the Kulton an J South ferris* Aiuermun rrRuv inovtd to refer to the Committee ou Kernes, which was lost, He then moved a reference to a special committee, which was adopted ; and the follow iug gentlemen were appointed: Aldermen Nash, Brady and Waterman. Sewer in Houtton street?A report and resolution to construct a sewer in Houston street, from I'itt street to thu Kast liver, was adopted ; also to construct a drain in (ireenwich street, from Kulton to Vcsey street. Public School in the Sixth Ward?A resolution to appro priate $9,600 to complete public school house in City Hall Place, in thetith Ward, was adopted. Portrait of the Mayor?A resolution appropriating f?r a portrait of the Mayor, was adopted. The Board then adjourned until Monday afternoon at 3 o'clock. Later prom Texas.?The Neptune arrived (rout Galveston yesterday morning, bringing dates from Houston to the 21th and trom Ualvestou to ths 37th nit. A copy oI the Armistice signed by the Texan snd Mexican commissioneis bus been published, and the papers are commenting upon it with great severity. The trial of Commodore Mooru would probably not tukn place, as it was stated that two of the otticers named on the Court Martial w ere not now in commission snd General Sherman hod written to the Department to that effect. The Houston Sjar speaks or u serious difficulty winch had occurred between the citizens of Jackson county and some 60 or 60 ( aronuclm Indians. The Indians had been detected committing depredations upon the stock of the planters, killing oxen and hogs, and were suspected of to ing the murderers of a man whose dead body hod been found shortly previous. They were warned and told to desist without etf'ect, when a party armed themselves ami proceeding to the camp fired upon a number of the warriors, killing a number as is supposed. The La Grange Intelligencer states that n party of nine Mexican robbeis who were lurking near San Antonio to intercept a company ol traders returning to the Rio Grande, were captured by Major Hays a few days since, and brought in to billhead quarters. Tll? <;ul<M'L-lnn I'iu.lian l,? or, nrl.-l- I- _,.f ? the course of Texas should annexation not be accomplished, and st ate a that it ia highly probable should the United State* retime to annex, that the next Texan Congress will be elected upon the principle of Free Trade?that is, to n'lolith all duties except upon a few articles such as ready mvt? clothing, hoes and boots, saddlery, and some others. Thi- would throw open to England and her manufacturers a large and extensive market, and would deprive the F.ast?rn manufacturers and merchants of the markets which they now find in the South-Western States, for with an extended and ill defined boundary it would be impossible to pravent smuggling. The Civilian says in reference to revenue, " The uncertainty of procuring means for the support of the government has heretofore been the greatest obstacle to the adoption of this policy. The resources of the countt y have been greatly nugmented within the , last year, especially in the hands ol the commercial community ; and we have heard heavy merchants, interested in the establishment of Free Trade, assert that money sufficient for the support of an economical administration ol the government would bo guaranteed in order to secure the success of the measure " The bark William Ine, which vessel went ashore on the Pelican Island shoals on the 17th tilt., after discharging her cargo, was got off without sustaining any damage. The Texan journals are entirely occupied with the question of Annexation. The people of that Kepublio are on the tip-toe of expectation ; and the government fully partakes of the public eagerness ?AT. O. Rrp-, May 3. Picture, Juggler ClocU, Vases mid Ship Clock, belonging to Madame Sutton, leaving for Europe. The subscription books will positively close on the 18th May, inst., and all parties who nave expressed their intention,or those who wish to subscribe, are requested to enter their names immediately on the books. The number of subscribers being limited to 300, the books will close bofore if complete. N. B ? Also for sale at half its original cost a superb horizontal grand Pianoforte, made expressly for Madame Sutton, end nearly new. To be seen at 80 Greenwich street. CO1-' HOW BEAUTIFUL YOUR TEETH DO LOOK," said a friend a day or Iwj since. "What do you use to clean them V The reply was such as was to he expected. Dr. Sherman's Tooth Paste has done this work, and no person ever made use of it who was not pleased with its effects. It sweetens the breath?preserves the teeth from decay?is free from any deleterious material by which the enamel is often injured, and is also the best and most eoo uomical dentrifice that can be found. Dr. Castle, that celebrated dentist, and Dr. Elliott, occulist, both speak in the highest terms of it, and recommend it to their patients. Dr. Sherman's warehouse is HKJ Nassau street. Agcuts, i'27 Hudson, 18h Bowery, 77 Hast Broadway ; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia, and 8 biate street, Boston. m- Riconu's Parisian alterative mix TIRE For the cure of primary or secondary Sypnil , and all affections pr-dnced by an injudicious use of rrn t ciry. The great advantages possessed by tills powerful aiici stive over all other p-eparation* ur the c are ot syphilis, is, that while curing the disease it ir?proves the constitution, whilst mercury generally leave a mrch worse disease than the one it is administered for. 'the best recommendation we can give of it is, that it is now extensively prescribed by the medical lac ulty, who formerly considered mercury the only euro (or those complaints. 8old, in single bottles, $1 each ; in cases of half dozen, $5, carefully packed, 8nd sent to all parts of the Union. Otiice of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 05 Nassau street. W. S. RICHARDSON, M. D., Agent. 0&- THE CONCENTRATED EXTRACT OF BARSAPARILLA, GENTIAN AND SAR8AFRAS, prepared by the New York College ol Medicine and Pharmacy, established for the suppression of quackery. This refined and highly concentrated extract, possessing all the purifying qualities and curative powers of the above herbs, is confidently recommended by the College, as infinitely superior to any extract oi Sarsaparilla at present before the public, and may bo relied on as a certain remedy for all diseases arising from an impure state of the blood, such as scrofula,salt-rheum, ringworm, blotches or pimples, ulcers, pain in the bones or joints, nodes, cutaneous eruptions, ulcerated sore throat, or any disease arising from the secondary effects of syphilis or an injudicious use Oi metcurv. Sold in single Bottles, at 76 cents each. " in Cases of half-a-dozen Bottles, $3 60 " " one dozen " 6 00 Cases forwarded to all parts of the Union. N. B.?A very liberal discount to wholesale purchaser*. Olficc of the College, 96 Nassau street. W. S. RICHARDSON, M. D., Agent. ft?- MADAME NINON DF. L'ENCLOS ? It is a mat tar of history that this celebrated heroine was beautiful at the age of SO, that she still retained her charm of pleasing, und had her toilet crowded by young admirers, some of whom, wo are told by her biographers, we.-e passionately in love with her. Even on Abbe in the bloom of life, was most violently smitten by attraction, and ardently desired her hand, which for the novelty of the case, she made him wait (he ignorant of her age) till she had completed her HOth year. The celebrated I)onna Isabella, Queen of Hungary, is another instance of a woman retaining tier beauty at an advanced period of life, viz : 70 years. Innumerable instance* might be quoted, but the above will sutlice.? The grand secret of women resisting the ravages of time and keeping a lustrous, dazzling, unwrinkledface, con sists in a judicious ami discriminating taste und skill in se lecting for use from the various cosmetics daily spread before them, such only as are prepared by competent and practical chemists. Among all none rank higher (or is more universally used.) than I)r Fr.i.ix Gounsco's celebrated Italian Mi oil vticd Soap, a rnild and innocent preparation fiom oleaginous and medicated compounds, which tftclllfly eradicates eruptions, tan, pimples, I freckles, redness, spots and all cutaneous imperfections, renders the most sallow complexion delicately fair, cl ar, and dalightfully soft, the. passe imparting a juvenile, bloom. We anxiously caution the ladies agninst the. numi roua counterfeits attempted to he foisted on them, which will engender the very diseases they profess to care. At ti? Walker street, first store from Broadway, is tke only De|iot in the City. ft?- CAUTION?The Of.nuixk Dalley's Magical Pais Extractor to he had only in this city?remember oislt in this city? at Dalley's agency 67 Walker street, first store from Broadway. ft?- TO FAMILIES AND INVALIDS.-Sick Headache? Spohn's Headache Remedy -warranted to cure Rheumatism?'The Indian Vegetable Elisor and Hone Liniment, a sure and permanent cure This many will think impossible, but it will prove true on trial?warranted. Bi sn, Sorf. Kvf.s, Bruisks, and other outward eruptions ran be cured by the Magical Pain Extractor. This solve should be kept in the house 01 every lamuy. P*.r.??The Hays Liniment never tails ; ami wo wni rant it to cure any case. Drarer*ia?Spohn's Elixir of Health, a sure remedy, keeping the stomach sweet and mokes the foo l digest. Diskasm or rue Ear?Nothing < ver produced such a cure lor doalneas and all other complaints oi the head as Dr. McNair'a Accotiatic. Oil. Tor. Last Ihdia IIsir Dvk? w arranted to color the Hair hut not the Skin. The above article* oxi.v at til Cotirtlandt street. Q&. CONSTITUTIONAL DKBILITV CURED.?'Thi Tonic Mixture, prepared by the College of Medicine und Pharmacy of the city of New York, is confidently re commended for all cases of debility produced by secret in dulgence or exceaa of any kind. It is an invaluable remc lyfor impotence, sterility, or barrenness (unless depend hig on mal-form.ition.) Single bottles $1 each ; cases of half a dozen f6; carefully packed and sent to all parts of the Union. Oihco ol th* College of Medicine and rharmacy. Vussau street W. 9. HloHAHDSON, M. D , Agent. Of#- VELPEAU'S SPECIFIC PILLS FOR THE CURE >f Gonorrhoea, Gleet, and nil mocnptinilrr.t discharges rmn the urethra. These pill*, prepared by tin N'ewinrk oll"(fe of Medicine ami Phil, nncy, established for the oppression of quackery, tnuy be relied on as the most j*wly aud ?.,! ,<l remedy for the above < omplaio: rhey 're git rranteed cure recent rule* in from three o live uuy*, end powta a greater ;to?er overobsli do lischarge* and chronic (fleet, than any oth< preparation it present known, removing the disease without confinen? nt from busines*, tnintinif the breath or di*ngrei ing vith the stomach. Price tl per box. Hold at the Office of tha CoDegr ol Phartnacy and Velicine, W> Nasnu street. W. 8. RICHARDSON, M. I). Agent

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