Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 16, 1855, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 16, 1855 Page 3
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[?r tM Governor nfutd to giro Of thf Brit. From Um returns the foUewlag mplexioa et Um Hoaae of Bepreeeot Slave Stat? Aw. 5<o/? Si* n * 8 ? sh ...... . ** wo odd, that of those flfteeo moo who rupee the invading portr from Miaou art who have oertifl of auction, tho aaota of twoWs wiU probably ha " ? ii gamed by Invasion oaly, wo belle to tt wUl ot tho Legislature hoa do very decided weight la opposition to the froo State doaUay of ~ir are tho aotUara of Kobjm fr?tn feeling dla ia thio matter, that they feel, and wa belLere let man tbie aide of tho lino foal, that the qeee i io practically decided lo favor of free inatitatiooa, ea now. at laat, the North withb?>4 the lotaroat it haa i for taken in the Awe oattUamoat of the Territory, i a tote meat wo made laat weak oa to the chares [of tho towao la Kaaaoa, we might add farther facta, ah hovo aisoe come to oar knowledge, ahowing atUi t the centre* of Influence ore, with a aiogle exception, he ft00 Mote aide The town of Lvaveaworth, under I protection of the fort, under th? loUaeaca of the 1 government, and really o Miaiouri towu, bectase M only by o ferry from Platte county, give* a -alavery vote. No ether town in tho Territory doea Lawrence, Oasawatomie. Pawnee, lopeka and the i named Boa ton and Hampiao,a11 aotUad under i of tho New England Emigrant Aid Company, tho atatian of the New Fork Kansas , the German netllameat on the Kansas river, '?'ftee State" to one. Taere U not another town I thai a in the ferritorry. Th-re are to wn loU like .but they are not towne They nre dead htUne. These town* are eha ceo tree of influence, i are the preeaea, the mill i, the shurohea and the tea. Every church, every .eehool, exoept those of I Indian minions, and every 8unda? school in the lUaay, haa been eetabliehed with the?eo-op' ration of lNew Eaglaao Company. It would seem impoMible " ebt flat a Territory which make* such a beginning d aet be free, fe bear sometime* intimations that Northern settlers false to Northern institution* and principles. Under w* desire to fix unequivocally a* an laves i of the enemiee of theeo principles, enacai Pemeioy, whose authority ni one will quea , says he knowa of no man among the thousands who i gotM forward under the arrange meats of the Emt at Aid Company, who haa over voted a slave State tot. It ia true that at election# where the legal j udg Iwere driven from the polls at the point of the bowie "a, and illegal snoaessors appointed, Northern men i refneed to vote. Tela may be a mistake la judg , but it ia not a failure in principle. The Northern in the Territory, if we except those who were long i oonvertod to Son thorn institutions, are all free ate men. If it ia asked why. in aueh a eta to of thing*, all tho lata of illegal nenWro ia the Legislature ware aot cou nted before Got. Boeder, the answer ia very clear. A rritory whose settled portion Is ne Urge as the State Maine, whoee people have not been aix moathe in leir homes, la not in oondition te act with our prompt las of organization. The Oseawatomte precinct c bu ms tho strongest free State vote of any in Kaueee. i army took pes ?? as ion of their pell* and retnrnel eve State representative*. They protested against toe ction, but by one of the mlmlfartnnee of prairie tra I their protest arrived fenr hours too late at Gov. ?'a head-quarter*. Far this reason the illegal ebers have his certificate. For similar reasons other abori of the majority of tho Legislator* have theirs, at each a majority carries no moral force, lit does not deceive the people ef Kansas. It ought at deoeive ns hare. apariaat from the Bio Grande. Vnother Outbreak In JMexico. I Tho Cbipns Chrtsti Valley and Advertiser of the 2d sat, just received, contains the following important kteldgenoe. It U taken from a U iter received at the Hce of the Valley and Advertiser from a leading eitison 1 Laredo:? I The news from Mexico ia important and exciting. It ppears that orders from Santa Anna were receive! to sot and shoot, without oeremooy, some of the lead j citizens of Monterey and Lampasas?amoog them oa Santiago Vidouri, latp Secretary of dtete of Nueva ton, a man of great influence. The existence of these irate orders leaked ont, and Don Santiago Vidouri dee ~ hoi a courier to Lampaeas with toe news, and when ? Maachaca, Santa Anna's emissary, arrived, he was ?t by two hundred armed citizens and forced to aur .denr. Hi* life was * pared in oonaeqnence of the manly posi lon he assumes, acknowledging tha; bia order* were to Ihoot some eight of the leading ci'liens of Lampasas, Ind that had he the ability, the orders of hit superiors kould be impllcttlr obeyed. He did n>t aak bis life, as L,i superiors would not believe but he had sold his oom ed. This gallant oaptaia, who la well known bv our _ ????S ?** o>lve ot last accounts, and tho probabili ty is his manly bearing wilJ rave him. Tho now* of these transactions soon spread through - it the surrounding country. Jxan Suaaaa had left spasms with 200 men, and would be joined at Tills ?ma, Sabinas, Salinas, Ao., by a foroe equal to 1,000 The whole country ia represented as being In arms, ad an attempt to take Moaterey will be made immeci itely. The Governor of Nueva Leon, Geo. Cordova, had te to tho taterior. The Bishop of Monterey, who vistt d all tha froatier towns loot fall, It is no w ascertained, mo neat so a spy by Santa Anna t? mark tbe unfaith oL He has slao left, bat if taken, will be roughly dealt rith. This movement, mt outbreak, ia entirely ahead of Ga ?avajal's plans, for although tha people wire preparing tr em issue, the urgency of the oaae has forestalled tha batter. Political Intelligent Ex-Gotenter Metoalf, of Kentucky, hu written a troof letter In farer of the Nebraska act as it stands, ?d says that the Southern members only yielded to hat notorious impo.itloa?the Mlssoarleomcromtse?In irder to glee MUaouri her oonititutlonal right to be ad altted into the Union. He says that compromise was kiaotof iniquity, founded upon the moat trot? and palpable sectional injustice, and was U direct violation if the constitution. Pontics In Maine ere just now in a very confused ooa Htion. At the reoent meeting of the Koow Nothing Mate OouneU It was resotred not to nomtnete a ticket, mt to unite with the republican or fusion party la op weition to the democrats. A Whig State Convention s to be held on the 28th of June, to nominate candidates far Governor and other State officers. If the republican movement be managed in a liberal spirit, this whig or ganisation will probably not be persisted In. The Assert can party in Maine doee not seem to hope for any sta ler# national organisation, but la rather content with locking to its local interests. The political complexion of the Connecticut Leglsla lature is put down aa follows Sena'*. House. Democrats 3 68 Whigs 0 13 Amarioons 7 37 Aaneriean democrats 3 43 American whips. 7 66 "merican free aollera 1 7 The Marshall family is flourishing like a green bay tree in Kentueky. In the Seventh, or Louisville Congression al district, Humphrey Marshall, one of the opponents of General Boott In the Presidential campaign of 1862, haa received the Knew Nothing nomination for Congress. T** Hon. Wst Preston, a supporter of General Boott in the same canvass, was the representative of that district in ths lest Congress, and be is now the anti Know No thing candidate. In the Eighth district, A. K. Marshall la she Knew Nothing candidate for Coagreee, and his brother, the faaaous Thomas T. Marshall, is ant as a iseiWaVr against hies. Tho Rev. F. Starr, who baa been stationed for the last three years In Weston, Missouri, lately returned to pCeoheeter, and stated that ho had boon ordered away from his mission, and that ho was obliged to leave in order to save himself from Lynch lav. The Weston Argut says his story is a Action. It farther eaye to Its isnlanTon have protected this abolitionist, Starr, during tho past throe yearn, and yon see the return he makes. For year kindness and indulgence to him, he goes to the olreadv fanatic North for the purpose of fan ning tho flame still more against your place and vicinity. Ana thus it is with all aboUlionista. Tbey will pay you in the same kind of ooia, slander and abuse. A grand sag nicht jubilee, whioh was very thinly at tended, was held in Preston Woods, near Louisville, on tho tth tost, in 7 - ' ' honor of tho domooratic victory in Vir ginia. The speakers who had been rat the ados sisn, anc^ was tao Hon. John C. Bracken ktogn, Warn sot forthcoming, which rendered tho meet Jn| rithir & affair. Wt learn from tho Tuscaloosa (Ala ) Monitor of tho 81st uM., that a meeting of eltlsene?whigs and dsmo arats?without distinction of party, was held in that plane en tho Mth nit., and that Judge Shortrldge was nominated as a candidate la opposition to Governor Tire Rochester Democrat, which, under private orders from Albany, leads off In renouncing whiggerv, end hoisting the so-called rspsbliean flag, farnlabei the fsl Wwing list of Seward papers which have followed Its ex empts, vis Auburn, Da fly Advertiter, (Gov. 8o ward's hems organ,) Syracuse Chronicle, (abolition,) Seneca name OTgeu.; Djm?n viw?k?, 'County Courier, (Seward whig,) Yates County Whig, <ditto.) Ontario Timet, (Gov. Clark's home organ,) Or American, (Beward whig,) and Medina Whig, (dit to.) All thsse papers are of very little Influence, and '??merest tools of the Albany Journal. The Democrat -nrdsit as certain " that a republican State eonven he bald to nominate a State ticket next fall, te marshalling bar political forces In rise of Lg election, whioh bide fair to be a hot eonteat. \ f r, and Members of Congress and Legislature elected The two parties, ae lo V.rgla a, are -ens and democrats. Messrs. Charles Jenkins Onwson, one of whom will probably be noml f over nor, are the most prominent men In tho party. The old lino democrats and whigs bars American party in sonriderabla numbers. It bat Movers owsver, that Messrs Stephens and Toombs, ?ared against tbs Nstivs Amvrlcan movement, 4 many whigs with them to tho democratic nv pretty well ascertained that there wlU be eta la the field in Ohio at the ensuing eleo i Knew Nothing* wiU not accept Mr. Chase for L and the abolition friends of that gentleman od to run him, nomlnaticn or no nomination, i of the State of VeraoDt, who are ospoeed o-slavery policy of thopreecet national a iralnlt md te the propagandist# of elavery of every the Union?for the defence of freedom and to .'he rights of the free States, are invited to meet i. Convention, at Burlington, on Wednesday, the Jane Inst., te nominate State officers for the year 1 Seworrseyef the Slxlh Congressional district of , , ,eky met at Manchester a few days ago, and noml i L the If i. J. M. Klhott for Cmgrers In thit district, sir. Wait, It will be recollected, represented the district f he late Oopgreee. George W. Danlap is the Knew I Mtng candidate. I Unltwd ItalM OtrwssM Court* DBOUIOH U ADKUaLTr ON irfUU Before Hm. Jidfi Nlim. Jew* U?The following decision m this morning rendered by the Oeurt is e mm argued on the lTth day of Key lwt. The deeisisn la the Dietriet Court wee rendered by Judge Iagereell, la favor of the Ilbellaats, from which the respondent* appealed:? DkuvuHT or ooooo?juaanwaoir or oocbt?CO 3*1 G 5 a*. Jfiancu Kott and other* tw. Tknmat Allen, Owner of Die Bark Majeetic?The libel wee hied la this oue to re oover damages for the non-delivery of a quantity of pig ' *" It iu Iron la pureuaaeo of the bill of lading. It wee shipped at Belfast, Ireland, by a hoaee there to thie port, aad eoaeigned to tae libellants. The ahlp wee eensigaed to Kdmioston k Brother*, of thle city, egeate of the owner. The bill of ladiag wm la the ueuel torn, except a note of the margin?" Iron to be discharged by the oooaigaree in Are daya after arrival of vessel at Sew York, or pay demurrage of |U per day after that tlae" ?but the clauee la of no apectal Importance In the raw wo havo taken of the caea. Oh the arrival of the vaial, ?he waa reported by the mister to tbo ooneigneee of the iroa, with a request for ad vie* us to tlie plain of diacharge. They expressed a wiah that she chould discharge at eons dock bet weeu Waehiogtun market and the Battery, which wai assented to, provided a vacant berth could be obtained; bat, on inquiry, the nearest berth vacant to the place meat oaed was ph r N >. 39 on the North liver; and which was as signed accordingly by ene of the harbor muter* to the thie till which it waa understood might be in the oonreo of h few days. This waa tot aeeented to by the agent* of the ahlp, and the master commenced discharging cargo at pier No. 89. This pier is abont eight hundred fe?t loog, the outer end for some forty feet solid, the other part built on piles, called n brides pier. The iron was discharged oa this part of the pier. The delivery wm commenced on Thurs day morning, (June "24,) and coutinned daring the day time till 11 o'clock next day, when the dock muter, having notice 1 the quantity of Iron on the pior, and apprehensive it would give way undor the weight, signeu accordingly oy one or ine naroor miner* w i vetseL The consignees objected to the delivery at t place, and insisted that the vessel should postpose it' piers Nos 8 or 9, lower down, should he vies ted, wai forbid the muter discharging any more of the cargo. 1 knocked off The hands engaged knocked off for n time; but, in the afternoon, * gain commenced the delivery, and continued, until again attracting the aotioe of the doekmutsr, they lorbidden the I were forbidden the aeoond time. They then cease I; but, on the next morning, according to tae weight of the proofs, again commenced discharging, and continued till about 11 o'cleek A- M , when the pier broke down, precipitating eoine one hundred and fifty ton* of the iron into the river, about fifty tons of which hu b eea totally lcet. Then were only some seventy-live or eighty tons upon the pier, when the warning waa first given to tbe master of the danger. The mister at thie time gave notice to the consignee* of the iron of the warning ot the doekmaster, and requested that they would send end remove it from the pisr, which they ne glected or refused. The simple question in the case is, whether or not this d scbarge of the iron, under the circumstances stated, wu in judgment ef law's delivery to I be consignees according to the requirements of the bill of led Log? We think not. Assuming that the master was jusilfled under the gensral custom and usage of this port, lu discharging the iron at pier No. 39, on the neg lect or refusal of the consignees to procure a different one mors satisfactory to themselves, within a reasonable time, the responsibility of a safe delivery at the place seleoled re,tod upon him. He was hound, not only to seleot a customary dock or wharf for the delivery of such goods as his ship was freighted with, but the place ?elected mast be fit and safe for the deposit of them; and the cargo, also, mast be discharged with all proper care and skill. A discharge of the cargo short of this would be an abuse of the right which the custom of the port extend* to the owner or masters, in case* where the consignee refuses to aeoept, or to par ticipate in too delivery. Nor did the mas or exempt himself from any portion of this responsibility by giving notice to the consignee* of the danger from overloading the pier In the discharge of the iron. They had rofu Md to have anxtbing to do with the delivery at that place; the master, therefore, was left to disoharge it there, if at all, at his peril, without their concent or participa tion. It the p'er was found insufficient for the discharge ot the whole of the iron, a portion should have been de livered at some ether place, and not ce given to the con signees. This was an obvious suggestion, after the dock' master had forbidden any furtner discharge upon the pier at which the Teasel lay, or, what aright have answered the same jpurpoM, perhaps, tbe iron might have been distributee over a larger portion of the pier. An objsotion is taken to the right of the consignees to bring this suit, and also to tha Jurisdiction of the Court below to entertain it. Wo are satisfied, however, that neither objection Is well founded. The consignees ware the proper parties, having mad* advance* upon the consign ment; and as to the jurisdiction, it is the common out of a libel filed for the non-performance of the ooatrsct of affreightment. We think the decree of the Court below right, and should be affirmed. Judge IugrrfoU has set down his decisions lu the fol lowing cases, argued before hi a at the Hay term of the LIMi OF BlILDXB UPON A SHIP?MARITIME LAW?BMOLISH LAW? 00 STRAIT? ATTACHMENT. Jotfph Beers et al. vs. Steamboat John'Adamt.?Oa the 2otU o( January, 1864, a contract was entered into between Jo tin Crawford, shipbuilder, of Keyport, N. J., 1 and William Small, of New, by wuloh it waa ?gioed tbat Crawford should build for and deliver to 1 Email three ferry boats, of certain dimensions, for oer tain sums of money, and that the boats and the mate rials, as faet as they were fittea for use, should be the property of Small, subject only to a lien on the part of Crawford for such suns of money as might be due un der the ocntraet. Crawford was in parnerahlp with B. C. IVrry, at Keyport, and the contract was made by him for the benefit of the firm, and was carried out by the Arm. Under the contraot the John Adams waa built by Craw ford A Terry, at Keyport, and subsequently delivered to Email, at lie w York. They afterwards failed, and made an assignment to the libel lants, who now libel the boat to re cover about 97,000 etill due to Crawford A Terry, for build ing her, and to them as assignees of the Arm, defining that Crawford A retry heda lien upon the boat, either un der the general maritime law, which rives a lien for work done and materials suppl ed to and for a foreign vessel, and tbat as Small was a non resident of New Jersey, the John Adams was a foreign vessel?or under the contract, which especially gave them s lien upon the boat, which would be enforced by a Court of Admiralty. The boat was churned by the People'* Ffrry Company, a corpora tion duly incorporated under the law* of Massachusetts, who allrga that oa Jan. 23. 1864, they made an agree smut with Small to build three ferry boats for thsm; that nadar this coetract Small procured the John Adams ta be built, as on* of them; and that when Crawford ?usda his agreement with Small, 'he knew of Small's sgtrvmvnt with tham; and they denied therefore that toe lib*Hants or Crawford A Terry had any lien upon the vteeel on either ground claimed by them. They also claimed tbat if Ckawford A Terry had any lien, they were deptived of it by virtu* of an attachment Issued against them before the filing of the libel, in favor of ono of their eradluc s. There is SO statute lew of Now Jersey which give* a material nun a lien npid i Teasel for im plies furnished. And It wss admitted by the parties that the boat, while building, was the property of Small, who resided in New York. Held by the Court?That it ia very clear that the Ad miralty lew creates a lien ia favor of a party who doss work or furnishes supplies to a foreign ship, end that a ehip owned ia another Stats is foreign. That in deter mining'the question whether such lion is created also la favor of the builder of a ship as wed as at him who fur nishes work sad supplies to her after eks Is built, the Court Is not controlled by the restricted A Imtralty Courts of England, as exercised by them under the supervising power of of the Common Law Courts. The rule* ana principle# of the Admiralty law as administered by the Admiralty Courts of this oountry are more enlarged, more in conformity to the principle* of the civil law, as administered by the maritime mations of continental Eu rope. That aeeording to that law. the interests of shipping and ships, not only in their creation, but ia their preservation, are of paramount importance; that the importance of this consideration is tbs reason why tbs sssterial man who famishes supplies for the preservation of the ship is entitled to s lien ; and there is the like res son for giving s lien to him who has fur nished necessaries to bring the ship into bomg. Tbat the English law gives only the oommoa law, posses sory to s material man or to s builder, but the maritime law of continental Europe gives s maritime lien to those who build, supply or repair s ship, at least where she is a foreign ship. This is expressly a'atsd by Boulay Paty, and this principle was acted upon for a long time by the English Admiralty, before It war over thrown by the Courts of common law. Teat the right of a material man who has furnished necessaries fur the Starvation of a foreign ship, has b**n repeatedly lo ir lodged by til* Admiralty Co^rt: ?r t&li Country. And J^, reason Silsls why a esrpaater should have a lien on that which by his w*rk and materials he creates, as oa that which he preserves, after ha has cre sted it, end as by the general maritime law a lien exists in the one esse as in the other, the Court most hold that Ckawford aad Terry had a lien upon the boat for the work done and materials furnished In buildlsg her.? That by the contract between Small end the respond ents, no property in the boat veatel la the respondents, who have not paid for the boat, aad the oontract be tween them and Small is not sufficient to defeat tbs lion of Crawford A Terry. That their lion upon the boat would not be taken away by the attachment against them. To take it from them, something am would have to he doao; and nothing more has been shown to have been done. That this view of the ease renders it unneceisary to consider the other points raised. Decree for libellsnts, with a rsferooos to ascertain the ameunt. COLLISION?F1RRT BOAT?LIOUmBD PILOT AND KNOINXm ? POO. C"Aaron Stabrook* it al. vs. Th* steamboat Sylph ? The libel in this esse was filed by the owuera of the steam boat Eagle, to recover the damages occasioned to her by a collision with the Sylph, which occurred ia December, 18/ 3. The Eagle waa a new boat, which raa regularly between Port uoamouth end New York, stopping si Fort Hamilton. The Sylph ran regularly between Ntw York and Btaten Island. There waa a very thlok fog on the morning ot the collision, so thick that at times ob jects could not be seen more than a boat's length off. The tide nt the time waa flood, running at the rate of four knots. Owing to the fog the pouit of collision Is not known exactly, but It was somewhere between Q> veinot'a Island end States Island. The Sylph did not leave New York that morning till 16 or 20 minutes past nine?her teg alar hour of etartlng being nine, at about the earn# time the Ragle left Fort Hamilton?and west ahead at a alow rate, ringing her alarm bell with short intermissions. A short time before the collision, which took plaee 16 or 20 minute* before ten, a ben waa heard on the starboard bow of the Eagle, whereupon her pilot gave the signal to slow. Another bell was than heard In the same direction, and the bed was rung to stop the engine, which wis done. In a minute or two more another bell was beard, at whieh time the headway of tbs Eagle wss stopped, or nearly so. The pilot then for the first time sew the Sylph breaking through the tog about two or three hundred feet off, and Immediately gave the sig nal to back, and the wheels of the Eagle were becking when the Sylph came Into her. The testimony, however, of the witnesses on the twe boats, as to the rets of speed at wMch both were geiag. M to whether the boats wers back lag or going forward at the time of colli ilea, and thoir distance apart when first seen, was very oontra-lietory. It appeared, however, beyond dispute, that the Eagle was ? Nf boat wall built; that tbe Sylph struck ktrNUt atarbaard bow, tbMl twenty In M thirty (wt fro* tbs e\*ra, it an ucb of about M 1^ : that tho bow of tha Sylph btofto a pood way through tho hall Of th< Eagle, making aa opening nearly of tho akape of the Sylph's bow. wbovoby tho Ea|b sunk ia a low aliutw. Tho pilot aad tho engineer of tho Sylph woro aot lioooaod la aeoerdsnoe with tho raqoirooaoots of tho aot of Coogroai paoaod August 90, 1863, but tho roipinleati claimed that tho Sylph oaaao within tho total of the proviae which exempted lorry boata from tho provision* of tho aoC Hold by tho Oaurt?That aa tho piece where the ool lieioa occurred orae where remote are aicustomel to pecs aad to repei? aad to aeebor, it wee repaired of both ves aeia, ia each a ley, to eoaduct with tho moat extreme care, ao that the motion of tho bcata could be atopped upon the flrat approach of danger. That the taettmoay ia m contradictor?, that were it eat for aomefacta about which there can bo a# reasonable peevl of dtaputa, it would bo difficult to come to any eatiafactory rieult. That tbo pooitioa and character of the wound ehow that the Eagle moat hare been nearly stid, and the Sylph under rapid motion; aa, If the Sylph had been still, it would bare required a lateral motion oe the pert of the Eagle to bene oaaaed it, aad If the Eagle had been ia rapid motion a be would hare beta torn further down her S" irboard aide aad tho woaad would hare been different. at tbia riew of the earn ia not changed by the teati - moaj. but rather confirmed. That no fault ie iiaeo'ara ble on the pirt of tbo Eagle, which waa nndar no head way sufficient to cause lojury to any reaesl at the time of collision, but tbo fault which oooaeionod the iojury srta the rapid headway of tho Sylph. That it is net na eeeearpt therefore, to do termini whether it waa necessary for the Sylph to bare a licensed pilot aad engineer; but tho court is Inclined to thiah that by the term "ferry boit," aa used In tho act of 1862, ia meant boata that am employed in 'earrylng passengers orer stream! and other sorrow waters, and that one great object of the law would be defeated if it did not apply tc boats earl gated aa the Sylph was. Decree for libelants, with a reference COLLISION IN NORTH RIVER?COMINO TOO WRiR THIS WWW. I'rtieridc if. Victor ef of. n. The I'ropellor Cement Rock?Tbii libel was filed by tbo owners of tho Bretnel bark Carolina, to iscorer tbo damage* occasioned to hoi by a collision with tho Cement Rook, which occurred on tho 12th or October. 1861, off pier No 8 la tho North riser. The Carolice, which bad boon lying on the north aids of that pier, waa to bo taken ont of her slip by the steamboat Only Son, to go to aaa. Pier No. 8 la n long pier; piers Noa. 8 and 10 am abort oaea, aad piar No. 11 ia a long one. There were vessels lying at the end of piers Nos. 8 aad 11, leasing bnt a narrow gap ef about a ship's length through which the Caroline had to come out. The tug was on h?r larboard elds, aad the ?hip came out at the rate of but one or two miles as hour, being under the control of an experienced pilot, who was directed by an experienced hamor mister. A? the Caroline came out of tho gap, a line whioh had bsen carried to a vessel at the end of pier No. 8 to assist in turning her round in tho alip, became entangled so that It ? euld not he msdily cast off, which earned her to move more slowly, but this was aot attributable to any neglect of those on board the Caroline. Aa the head ef the Caroline projeoted out lots the stream, the Cement Rock was discovered coming from a port ap the river, bound to Brooklyn; she waa then passing pier No. 13, whioh ia 329 feet above pier No. 11, and wea ont in the river from 160 to 300 feet, and running at thereto of from six to seven milos aa hour; when about 160 feet off, she rang to alow, to atop and to back; the signals to ?low and stop were obeyed, but not tbo signal to back, in conseqnenoe of the engine catching ou the oen'.re; her pilot put the helm to starboard, but her course was not materially changed, and she came into the Caroline midships. Held by the Court?That upon the testimony no negli gence or improper conduct ia discovered on the part of the Caroline; that when she discovered the Cement Rock she could not go ahead, and had drifted a little with tbe tide, ao tbat ahe could not bs backed into tho alip; th*t the Cement Rook, in coming down the river aa ahe did, with aa engine that would catch on its oea tre, ran great risk of doing damage to some of the ves sels that am almost constantly ooming out of the slips, and tbat there was no necessity for her running eo near the piers; that the Cement Rock could have taken any course. Ilka a vessel with the wind tree, while the Caro line, like a vessel close-hauled, could pursue but one oeurse, aad it was therefore the duty of the propeller to have avoided her; tbat if steam vessels take such a dangerous course as running so near th send of piers, they mutt expect to be mado liable for all eoasequeaoea which might reasonably bo foreseen; tbat the collision was ocoas one J by the negligence of the Cement Rock, Decree foe libellants, with a reference. The Governor of Louisiana has luued a prostimetiofi declaring all vessels bound to New Orleans from any port in the torrid rone, or any vessels which m iy hava cleared from other potts, bat have last sailed from a Kirt within tbe tropic*, subject to a quarantine of not ss than ten daya. Tbe porta of Bavanoah and Charles ton shall also be included. The proolimitlon ia dated 4th instant, and goes into effect immediately. A reduction of fare on the Hudson River Rsilrotd ia, we understand, contemplated. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. mo sky mar kit. Thursday, Jus 15 ?6 P. II. The upward movement in prices was not so strong and vigorous to-day, bat (all as muoli aotivlty pro vailed. At the first board, Virginia 6's advanced per cent; Missouri 6's, 1; New York Central Railroad, 2j; Erie Railroad, 2; Michigan Central, 14; Cleveland and Toledo Railroad, Illinois Central Railroad declined ? per oent; Mlohigan Southern Railroad, i; Reading Railroad, j, bat recovered be fore the close; Cleveland, Colambns and Cincinnati Railroad, J. We hive no change to report in rail road bonds. The transaction were to some extent at jesterdey'sprioes. Bank etocks command high prices. The dally rales only som up a few sheree; railroad stocks attract the greatest attention, and many of them the greatest prices. There is more margin for speculation in railroad sharei than in anything else on the market. They flactnste so maeh in intrinsic and current value, that the bro kers find a wide field for operations. So many things are likely to occur any moment to effect the char acter and value of particular railroad stocks, that they will always be move or less the football of speculators. In tines of prosperity, competitor lines of road are oontinually ooming forward, and in times of prostration, when capital for the construc tion of neir fOMs oiiCt be obtained, the produc tiveness of those la operation is largely reduced. We have no doubt bat that in less than six months the market will be filled with new railroad projects, all striving for the ways and means to aid them in opening some shorter and oheaper route between points already soffloiently provided with travelling and transportation facilities. We most expect these things, end be prepared to check at onoe every at tempt to get np another railroad fever. There are railroads enough in the country to answer all purposes for the next tea years. Let those whloh are partly finished be completed, and those whloh ere completed be perfected. Let those whloh are la debt?and there ere very few net so?economise notg only in expenditure* but in dividends, until their finances are la a manageable shape, and we shall be free from such collapses In this important interest? aa have bsen realised within the put three or four years. Most of tha roads now In operation are doing a large and profitable bnstneaa, bat the beet of them only earn moderate dividends on their capital. The market value of the stock may be temporarily inflated by the declare tioa of large dividends, bat where they' are not earned, It cannot be long dis gnired, and its reaction is sure to be ruinous to all ooeoerned. A regular moderate rate of livid md? one that will leave In ita treasury at the end of every six months something In the shape of s sinking fond for the liquidation of indebtedness, at its current value?weald in the end be more satisfactory to permanent stockholders and be batter policy for the compaoy. Above all things, it should be the aim of railroad managers to avoid u much as possi ble the declaration of stock dividends, particularly when osoh dividends have been paid to a satisfac tory amouat. A stock dividend, under some clr coinstances, might be justifiable ; but only when it was impossible to make a dividend In any other she ?e should it be continued. Mo railroad company pay ing four or five percent dividend, in cash ?enti annuaRy, has e right to pay aa additional dividend in stock. If the road is sntirely completed In every department, and is wholly oat of debt, then tie aggregate net earnings should be divided In cash If a road is in debt, or not completed, every dollar after paying n flair dividend, ahouli be appropriated to the oonstrnotloo or liquidation account. To t he permanent stockholder, this is the best polfey. The ?peculator is, of coarse, anxious to get all he sen in the shortest possible time, end is therefore opposed to such careful management. Bimeoa Draper sola at auction after the aij ourn meat of the beard this morning, the following stock:? 4CO aha ran Broadwav Bask stock llfltf a Its 2S do. Indianapolis and Cincinnati RR 60s. At the second board an Increased amount of busi ness was tracsaoted. All the leading railroad stocks were la demand, and the kiss wsre principally a*, prioescurrent lath* morning. Cleveland an*To led* raflned advanced 2 per cant, Eriq railroad dec!toed 4 per oent. 1W tnaaaottraa tt tte Asaistaut Treasurer's ?ffloe today wwe aa follows:? Paid aa XiHiuy aoooumt $s# Mr 19 Reo?<red ?? ???? 31, Bdua da 9,1*3,913 19 Paid far Am; o>oa 19,115 M raid on distuning obeck*.. 46,34789 Tre wranta entered at the Trea?ury Depart moot, Waahiagton, on the 13th taut., ware aa follow!:? Far the Traaaury department 919,839 48 For tba Interior department 41,899 19 Cor tha Custom* - 39 988 90 War wairant* received and ontorod 881 988 03 Interior repay warrant* received aal entered 90,598 58 Romii| into Treasury from tnir. anorcer ... 48 A4 For eovyring into the Treasury from Unla., .499,491 38 In acotber part of thia da>'r impression we give a letter from a ooireapoadent of tha Courier and Enquirer, who bat visited the oeleoraWd elate quar ries of the New England Mining nnd Qutrrytng Company, and wbo, therefore,apeaka from bh own cbaetvatloa. The value of elate f r building pnr pcaea la so well kn~wn that New Yotk defers and capitalists will find the fasts s*t forth ia the letter relet ted to, well worthy their attention, as it oomia from a sou roe, we believe, in wnioh entire cwfi den' e can be placed. Mass s. Bardett, Davis & Main, 27 Wlillam street, sre the agents of the on pany in tr.ia city, of whom nay i-formation cm Oe obtained. The respectauilt-y of a'l p*rties iu^reat edin tfria company and property gives It tha highest obaiacter, aid gntranties the moat bono able, straig hi forward dealings. At the Mining Board to-day the following sales were trade:? 100 sha Oonrad HiU.. 16o. K0 aha Gard Geld.b3 100o 1000 do s3 19 400 dp blO 101 1(00 do. 15 X 300 do 102)4 210 Oerdiner Gold... 100 We have received the following despatch by telegraph:? Baltimore, Jnoe 18, 1856. Tha lata news from Rnrop* aff?o ?* very decidedly our market*. Solid ami fancy atocka to day have aa op ward tendency, and temporary loan* otu be ne?otlt*?d at Ore per cent. Fifteen hundred ihare* ef Bilt>mire and Ohio Riilroad atock acid to day at 48)4 to 48)4 cash The Connestioat House of Representatives hive volcd to repesl t!ie free binkirg law of the State, by yeas 07, nays 90, aid it is noderetooi that the Se nate will concur therein. There are thirteen bancs In the State, 0'ganla9d under the law. It is pro. posed to give all these banks special charters lor the price ot two per cent upon their capital. The followiog are the receipts of the Morris Canil Company for the past week For week rmiing June 9, 1865 97,824 08 Corresponding wetk last year 9,176 71 Increass this year 90*8 37 Total receipt* to June 9, 1856 $09,782 19 " " " ?? 10, 1854 67,674 81 Inoiease th'a year 812,207 38 The following is a comparative statement of the earnings of the Rome aad Waterto vn Ri Iroad Com pany, for the month of May, 1854 and 1855:? 1854. 1865. raisesgere $11,773 85 $11,701 85 Freight 30,177 85 33,116 73 Other source# 2,360 87 2,29* 12 $14,312 57 $17,112 70 41,312 57 Incwweii, 1856 "nSOoli The Stooington Railroad Coropny eoraed $22 571 52 in May, against $24,972 72 for the same month last, jear. Decrease, $1,401 20. Tbe B:#toa Ttav<l/tr of the 14th a?ji ?? ?f, ***, of the V.rmsnt and oaths1st ^SilT4!'0' pf!B*at ?o?0? comia< due ^uaiVbu^r: r V}h" meit,D* com. J; the 7e?k aSd .in tLW" made '.?r KeaU??^ to of the n*ion? n,?if^ K ? ?pr**me??t, about one haif ?fFr?' fflXPs Mb?crtpUoa?Mp?e ku'ltwi in ^chMgeVtJ^'^w^rf; th# go and be.ow\J urof^.^rTneTViTm't:110 the matter knitted. th? k^Lo. ?' }? to b*?# holder. wi*l Ja th^K^f al m that b?nd out lb. whole road ani** hc,|dln* I ^SSi?^ta?^at^5K!S ***** ?Wb?ts the quantity and 6 of ffrel^n drJ foods entered at this port for consumption, Tor warehouse, and also tin, witb a", , I?m w*r#h0MB? daring the week ending and including Thursday, dune 14,1855:? I Mo ywdts u? Foamaa Dry Goods, Xnt./ur lontt/mpfum, Wilhd'lt. W?r>\>* ' Manuf. of wool $17064 ?Hm as ,08 cotton... ll.flu *8 481 $M!! ? k 162>,i88 28 OTS 30 727 ? ?** 10,200 14 30? MU0,Um,ouj' 2a,628 18,061 318 ? . TotmU $382,081 $88 344 ITrUT VsJus pat on the markot during tho week $471,'305 More actiTity has been apparent the past week in the domestic dry goods trade, an] for ali desirable productions firmer, though not generally higher priaes have been procured, whenever any tranaac tiona have occurred. The demand has been mainly speculative, as the prospects are that with a reduo cd sapply and diminished prodnotion, manufactured goods will soon increase in valoe. We have also to notice a fair inquiry from local and country dealers, but these have only purchased as they stood really _n want of stock, and have in the main been very reluctant to pay .fe rites aoir generally claimed by factors. The abipping business has been quit# limited, and been a source of very little profit to parties engaged in it. Bleached sheeting, and shirtings art attracting mote attention and are gradually rising. Bleached goods seem brisker,though they are not really dearer Cotton flannels have not varied. Denims are stlel ahle and firm. Drills are rather quiet, bat are ?teady in price. Dock is sparingly offered, and is quoted on the advanoe. The transactions therein, however, are not large. Ginghams are unchanged. Lams are In request at former rates. Nankins ap Zffl ?*habarge are soaroe and stiffly held, bat rnle quiet Printing cloths remain in light supply at very full prices, but are not brisk ly sought after. Prints are unaltered. Stripes and neks are not so plenty, and though tna.Mi.Mw has with greater flrnmeaa. Woollen productions ore in moderate supply and demand at about previous quotations. Nothing particularly new baa occurred in blankets. There la a fair inquiry for fancy casaimeres at full prises. Cloths, doeskins and flannels are aeOiagalowIy, but are unchanged in value. Jeans are brisker and a tirade firmer. Llnaeya, too, appear more active, but otherwise unaltered. Moualin de laines rule qniet at old figures. Satinets and tweeds are more freely dealt in at strengthening prices. Foreign Asbrios are less active titan domestic, but with very moderate receipts and equally moderate ?tocka of desirable articles, prioee of most descrip docs are pretty well supported. The auction basis ners continues rather lively, but its leading feature have not varied materially, it is easy to sell saa aonable productions?which are not abundant, un der present circumstances? at fall prioee; but it i quite ae difficult to find buyers on any terms for un popular goods. The preparations for the next sea Km s trade are bait g made with some degree of libe relity and even boldness, but so far, what has been completed in tbie way has given no evidence of ex travagance in any respect. It is to be wished tha the characteristic of the bueiacM shall undergo no radical change, for at least some time yet If it t? preserved intact, and parties be governed by princi ples npheld by experience, the trade, in all ite ramt bcations, will derive much vigor and prosperity therefrom. ?tock Kzehange. $2000use-.'87.... liex ioc!&?sMchhauw 2C00 Tens 8's '00... 08? 100 d. H* irra ss ?* iSs?g:3??B % {Fv? KJ?r.V.::: 8" !8 S;?* ?S ?C0i. H*rl?tMM* *8 88)4 10 do. iiA A-w IfCOKrWOoaVJs '71 84 \ 100 IU Or?t rr" '7$..e $9? too *????;; Xa d?J.,,.b3 00 1400 IU. rr ' 049$ *7...WO $o)4 PQ af/.V.V.'ii ?$ mounotaUM* J'X ?? ?? - i; !5 2::::..;" "5 S* JOOB-U-M. ? J* 4M OklDtrad.. al 82 109 do ? ?? SOOO NWWtMQUoa ? 260 60 ab* Blttdoj Bk 111 100 Boadto< HH .... ? 12iMM.bIk.UtK 100 do .. ? V 48 do 114* 100 do W ??V 9C(l*i Hat* .... Ill 200 da J?* 6 Bk o? North km. 100 300 do ... ... ??*? 10 Cora Kx Bulk .. 104 200 do k?0 90% I 30 84NiohoWa Bk.. 98)4 100 do ? ?} | ! lOCotaMoow'th Bk 99 20 do....... ?*** lOUSlroat Co.... llOy 10 HnUoo R R*... 3?Si 60 do 110 20 Hiek Cao RR.... ?8S? 6 Ohio L k Tiunt Co 101V 14 Mich 8 k !i U RH 101 \' 6 Coatlnoo loa Co. 106 36 do 101)4 100 Coo too Co.... 63 2uJ4 16 Mleh 3k"l? Coa 10J ; KO do 26*4 6C0 Kuiau RR.*6m 102 GOO Gardloar Old Mae 1 37 Oi?t. C fc 01o RH 1'>J)4 100 FOB* Cool Co. .43 112 10 Uttla <4Wmt RR. 100 160 Cumb CI Oo. ,b90 20X 16 CTot & Pitt* RR. 43 TCO do ... O 20K 400?lk ihi i RR *3 106 liw do' ..?30 29 W 287 Clor fc Tot RR... 87 irZ An" 29*4 60 C*ic kHlilKS. 91 200 N Crook Cool Co. 2* 60 40 94< BIOON1) BOllD. kr.(i(iA iy>*| A'g '0) . 07 1? ?Ri NV 0?d RR.. W Ss?4r:~ if* 15 27100 IUFtooUodbdo 79)4 100 Kr'o RoUroad. t>3 4?)4 7000 HucRSdkbda.. 74 100 do b]W 49* 1000 Pao bda oia.. 102)4 2f? ? ?? 49* 1000 do 10*K 1<* do 080 49* 2t0 Nio Troo Co o3 Id 200 do but) 49* 60c0 NIolatMGIJne. WX 2>0 do ........ 49.4 6ft 0 do ...b60 OiH 1C-0 R?odl?< RR... b8 9 V. 100 aha Com Cool Co. ?X ? do b?t) 91), .in a? 29* 2000 do 91 ioo d.::::. b3 i?o do. ?? oi infl do h30 29>? 100 do b3 91 300 NY Ontrai RR.. ?8 180 GaUn*&Cbl Hit 106 .0 do. blO 98).' 60 do b)0 105)4 KO do b30 98 100 do bOO 105)4 Vermont Slate. NKW BNGI.AND MIMING AND (jlJARBTINS COMPANY. [Correspondence of tbe Courier end Enquirer.] Vernon, Windham Co , Vt., Jane 0, 186ft. During a recent visit to this se itian of Mew England, I wan induced to paen a few days nt tbe plans whence thin is dated, bp tbe promise of tee lag the fnaed elate quarriea of tbe "New England Mining end Quarrying Company," of whloh I liad real aid heard much, and who I understand bare established an ageney In your city, for the purpose of bringing their slate into notlse for the New York market. In Ibis they hare done wisely, and so far as I can judge, I think 1 am safe in asserting that no better slate is to be found tn the world, none more easily reacted or more readily transported to n naikst, and none which would be more likely to repay an invest ment to parties who desire Urge profiU trom small out lay H Ihla valuable deposit lies on both sides of a small rlru'et, tbe lamina? running nearly parallel with its course. By tbe side of this stream u the travelled high way from Brattleboro to Greenfield, renleringthe quar ries uncommonly easy of aocsas Thii mats of slate rise* on aither hand to the height ot more tiau a hun dred feet. The strata are very regular, baring a direc tion noith, ft deg. east, and a dip from 70 to 75 deg. west, or 16 to 20 deg from a perpendicular direction. l'oeeeea'Dg such an elevation and dip, it wil be readily even that the alate can be quartud with the greatest facility, but little expense tor drainage and none tor shaltn being necessary. Indeed, ,we can conceive of no other position in whish alate can bt found so favcnble for cbeap and rapid quarrying rbe layers are very Uni term and alate of any required dimensions can be rea dily obUioed. The quantity of alate la this deposit is truly inexhaus tible. it covers an area of more than four hundred acres, and presents a faca from twenty to a hundred and twenty feet from below, up war da, without going down to the level of the ro ?d bad, and after leaving n saffi stent fall for drairtge and the cumjlngef the waete mate rial. From tnese data it will be readily perceived that no computation is necessary to show how long a period must elapse ere these stppUea will fall. The alate obtained at tie Bruce quarries is of a dark While entirely des iron pyrites whloh ... .. ^uarrtee objectionable, it is so strongly Impregnated with hen united by obtmlcal oflini ies, tbst tbe resonance, toughness and eoniequent durability ot the oJete is thi-reuy greatly improved. Pro fessor Hitchcock, of Amherst College, after a m>nate ex animation of the quarries and the slate there manufac tured, says:?"I have visitrd the famous slate quarries in the mountains of Wales, and it appears to mo that for 11* most part thsy are leas favorably situated for xne siate oovi'neo at u? uruce qua blue o*lor. and exceedingly durable. JUufc of titse cubes and no Jules of i rfhder Iivm Rjquj other quarries working than tbe oae in Ouiliord, nor can I perceive why deb slats should be preferred to that of Vermont.'' tbe Welch slats should be preferred I The durability of slate is governed cbiefly by lte power to resist the absorption of water, and In this particular the Guilford elate stands pre eminent. Near tbe close ot the year 1861, thsse quarries, campri ting nearly all the valuable slate formations in tbe Coaaeo ticut tiver valley, came into possesssion ot the New Eng land Mining and Quarrying Company, This corporation Immediately proceeded to adopt measures for monafac tnrisg slate on n much more extended scale than had heretofore Lean done. They could do this to s greater advantage than their predecessors, inasmuch as tot coo stiuct on of tbe Vermont and Massachusetts railroad to a point less than two miles ctatant tr.?m the quarries, vastly incieofed the faculties for the transportation of the manufactured article to the places of consumption. The imall openings effected by previous operators were made more with a view to immediate convenience than to ultimate advantages. The accumulated debris of years, which thsy left scattered In every direction, was removed by the company, drains were dag from the level of the stream below, new openings on tbe same level were commenced, which are now In progress, sad, when completed, will present one straight and uninterrupted face for operations. The company now employ more than one hundred men, a portion of whom are engaged dlrecly in the ma nufacture of elate, while others are employed in extend ing the openings already mode, laying broad and deep the base for future productiveness. The Slate is removed from tbe quarry in large blocks by means of drills and (newborn, and, in some coses, by blasting. These blocks are split into pieces of a sine convenient tor removal by hand, and wheeled to the buildings wbere the farther processes of manufacture are carried forward to completion. Tbe process of cutting slate by hand, which was for merly practised at these quarries, and the only one now in uee elsewhere, is tec ions and difficult, requiring con siderable practice and skill. Tbe best outters are Welch m?n, who have been bred to the business in their native country; but theie are dlffioult to obtain and more dif flcult to keep. They not only exact great wages, but, like most other imported treeeemen, the supply of whoso services is greatly unequal to the demand, frequently lndalge in the luxury of n "strike." to the great laooa venience and manifest injury of their employers. The Gulllord Company having been frequently soffersrs in this way, one of their number undertook to devise suitable machinery for catting slate, and thas render the proprietors independent of each precarious help. With true Yankee enterprise and skill he folly sacceded, and Welshman are now no longer indispensable in the manufacture of alate. Asa Keyes, Esq., of this village, invented e machine far tbe above purpose, and which was patented January 2,1866. The advantages of this machine over hand cut ting ore manifold. Ws quote from the proprietor'* circnlsi:? 1. It saves from half to two-thirds of the expense of hand outline. 3. The slate are out with straight, parallel sides, square corners and nnlfcrm bevel, and when laid, make a muoh more close and brantlfnl root 3. This machine readers the slate manefsotnrer entirely independent of the freqaent "strikes" and gross emotions of foreign slate outters, for any raw hand will make good slate en these machine i, with a few hours' experience A It Is a saving of the material: "for if the alate, la pro cess of trimming, hears npon a level rest, the uaorenaess of lbs tlata will ooooaion it frequently to break and waste tbe material; Ibut is this machine, the slat*. lmwaver nn wras, a> miwi/m in eon wot with the otronlar dog wheel, at the pel at where it reeelvee the hlew of the hammerer point . __ en iter, and thereby the fteqeent breaking et the slate is avoided. PATtxvti'i Claim.?The combination of tbe outters or hammers on the gy wheel, with the oircnlAr do^[in direot eontaet with which Mob' successive portion of" tbe slate rtsts to rtt'ive the blows ef the eatter, while the slats is ftd np by a carriage on the way*. The Ntw England Mining and Quarrying Company have had for noma months pest fifteen of the machine# In auecesafnl nse, operated wholly by oommon Irish la borerf, and, finding them fully to answer their expecta tions, and capable of doing au that is claimed lor them by the patentee, have entirely abandoned all hand cut ting. To illustrate the advantage# derived from their nse, It is only necessary to state that tbe company are now oattlcg, with three machine, about fifty squares of per day. ana the lands employed can be readily Slat# jl*I J , M.U M? ? VMM Ira .?w?, hired for about one h*lf tbe per diem demanded by Welcbmrn. The motive power employed by the com pany is derived from two steam engines, one of twelve and the other ef six hots# power. Tneoe engines ere so constructed, being set on wheels with the working ma chinery above the boiler, that they eon be removed to any required point, as neceeaity or convenience may dictate. Tbe slate manufactured by thla company is eagerly sought for in Masenahnsetts. Rhode Island end Connec ticut, wheio It Is greatly preferred to any other in the marhet. I have been at aease pains to collect the above history, or ratbei statement, of these qnames, for I trust thai some of the eepiteMets of New leek will be Induced to visit this locality, and judge foe themselves whether a better or surer investment, with a greater oertainty of large profit*, oeuld be found in New England. In the party of which 1 won one, there were several capitalists from Boston and Providence, who declared the nose Ives mash surprised, a* thsy ware dell gated with the extra ordinary spectacle preseoted to them. Like myself, 1ST plSI thsy went fer pleasure, hat they left satisfied that they could not traneact any more leorative hnsines* than to invert In the stock of this company, and If I am correctly informed, a large hole was mads in the few shares of stock belosgtsig to the company. I may mention n foot which I learned frasa a gentleman connected with tbe company. and to whom all were mock Indebted ae well lor much pleasure as fer valuable Information (Mr. Harri*, the Moratory), that they own also a quarry of oil atone nt Marquette, on lake Superior, which, for fineness of grain and durability, I* not approached by anything in the world. It waa accidentally discovered by a Vermont squatter named Smith, who having procured pecuniary aid from this ocmpany,ha* orened and wotked the quar ry, and has established a mill far pre Daring it for mar ket. I have reen certificates from jewellers, machiniit* and others, who unequivocally pronounce it the bust evr tr ed They have eatnbliehed a depot for the sale of it In your city, where, I am confident, whea once known. It will become universally used. 1 have taken up maoh of your space with my viewe npon theme quarriea,bet I reefly think I am doing a pub lic Mrvtoe l? calling attention to them. The tpUc et Mt mr mcjr material for mfaf la wal ( en* (ton it aaa b* aMilail *f aaek cap arise ?ck Null Ufiaii, it NU( lMTit?bi]f aeoem* paarrf Ir. I hop* uimuIlT, lM.. The enterprise wf tha M tlemen eampriatag tka can pur daaarrao *ad should ro ceire *ooourag*<a?at. and, wfeila I aaa pleaaad to tearm that tha cilia* da mud all that tka? caa fat oat with tbair praaamt foroa, I bopa ta aaa liar York ccm<ng ia far bar ahara, aaa Niw York capital take coma ut far aoaie of tha dlridaada which a oeaaara aa praaparoui aad aa lucralire caaaat fail ta daclara. A. O S. CITY TRA.UK KttPOKT. Fkidat, J una IS?8 P. M. Ami at?"6 hbla. paU aad peart* wara a old withaat chaofa ia price. BaiuiMTum ?Flour?Tha market wni steady, a I th an t further change of quotation* Tha aalea ambraaod about 7,000 a 8.Cdo bblr., inoluilar oommoa ta gned SUta at 80 aSOFO far auparlar Waatatn; choice aad fancy braada, at 80 26 a 80 76. toutbera waa taaotira. About 70' bbU. eoid at 810 76 for mtxad arauda: 811 a 811 60 for common to choice, aad 811 66 a 812 26 far faoay and extra. Kxtra Geo****, axoept ia retail, warn taairr, and ranged from 811 to 8l8 Canadian epraed ?till, but clores Call. Tha aaloo aa above, embrooad 2,200 r>b'? , at 810 a 811, but ohtefly at 810 86 a M0 i2H Rja dour waa dull, with small sale* at 67 >6 a 68 76. Ileal?Sales of about 100 bbl* war* made at 66 12 from a'orr, ana 66 06 from the dock. Waoat ? Holdtrebelc aappliM abore the rie wo of buyer*. Ami! lot, 7( 0 buahe a, white Canadian waa add at 8144. Cora waa asttra aad lower. The aalea reached 88,888 a 00,000 burfeela, chletlj Waa tarn mixed, wblcb . at 61 a 81 02, aad cloaad at 01c. a 00c. to 81. 11?e ealaa embraced lota for export. Among tha aalea were 88,088 buabtU aound for ?hipmeot, to arrive la from aaa ta thrta days, at 81. 2,6t0 buahda white aola at priraha term a, auppooed to hare been about 81 20 a 61 23. Yel low waa oomieal, and ranged at about 81 00, aad 81 8V asked. Rye? 600 bushel* were lold at 61 80. Oate WON dull and lower. Weateru o&ta were down to about 60n., without aalea of importance. Corns.?The market coutinued firm; aalea of 3,688 bags ol St. Dcmiage ware made fer expert, at OWc., aad 160 do , for tba home trade, at WJ4C ; 100 mats Java, at 14; 60 do a? 14a. There were ooly about 1,600 bag* of llio on the market. Cotton?Tha market waa laai attire, whila holders continued firm. Che aalea included 1,200 a 1,608 balm, at unchanged quotation*. Fkhoiith ?To Liverpool about 16,000 buabal* of com were engaged, la bags, at 3>pc a 4>td. Oottou waa ah 4a per bale, to London, 600 boxaa chea -a wara engaged at 20a par ton, and 600 bag* Brazil out* at 17a. sd. There waa nctbiag new to the oontlnant or ta California. Fnoir.?About 1,000 boxaa layer raieina were a aid, nearly all in II'at hand*, at 82 76, and 300 boxaa rabies, at 81 76 Gunny Cloth.? 60 bale* ware roldat 13e. Hat.?About 410 a 600 baiea ware aold at 81, for I saint, Ikon waa firm at 829 for Sootoh pig. Lkad waa bold above tb* view* of buyer*. Naval Storks?About 2o0 nbla. spirit* turp were Hold at 41o. In iklppeg order. Renin i at 81 PC for cemmoa Wilmington. Phoyihions?Pork?rhe market waa flraaar, and now mora aold at an advance. Tha aalea embrsoed about 688 a 600 bbla , Including old meea at 817 37 a 617 44: now meaa at 817 87 * 818; new prima at 816; and 816 n 810 to forprme meaa. Beat waa Irm, with aa upwnrd tendency in prions, falei of 3bO bbla., at 89 26 a 818 for country prime; 810 60 a 812 50 for aaaaa do ; aad 81k 26 a 810 for repacked Chicago. Bacon?200 boxes abort middle*, r b is, at 9X?. Cut meat* were In fair de mand, with pair* of 300 a 400 hhda. at 7 i?o. a 7\o. far tbouldara, aad 9J?o a lOtfe. Lard waa active, with aalea or 1 200 a 1,600 bbla , at 10^e. aio^c. Rick ?Saba of U0 casta, at 86 ?7>6 a $i 3L Hncra ?1,100 mat a ceanla were aold at 39c., and clawed firm; 176 baga pepper aold at lie ; 308 rae*gcagar atMt, ' rtcaa do and 200 da. African do. nt bo , nnd 10 at 96c. Bcuar ?There "waa a steady demand, with a fair amount of aalea. The transaction* ambrawd 780 n 808 hbda Cuba moacosado, at 'a a &Xe- a 0 ?., and 868 do Pcrto Rioo at &Xe. a 6J?o., and 100 do. Now Orleans st 6%e. s 6c. Tobacco waa In fair roquaat, and prices war* armlgr maintainad; the aal*a ware 76 hhda. V irgiaia and Ken tucky, at 6%a a 12 v,e.; 286 bale* Havana, at 28s. n 42c ; 60 do. Cuba, p t.; 163 caaoa reodleaf, at fle. a Us. Wniaur ?Tha market waa firm, with aalea of 309 n 400 bbla., at 35,^c. a 34 >40. for Ohio and Stat* barrels. Family Marketing. DETAIL PRICKS OP FARM PRO DOOM IN WASOINOrON MARKET. Cattle may be cheaper at the Bull'e Head, bat beef to certainly not 10 In the market. Mutton U quoted lever, but eirloin i ieoea and ateake are rather h if her them otteririie. There is aome lamb to be eeen In matfce^ but It U eold aa yet by the quarter. Fiah and peettog ahow bo chaege. Vegetables are fluctuating in prlaq and new potitoea, peaa, tomatoes and asparagus aim cheap. Egga are dearer, aa la to bo expected. Becxtsa are plentiful and cheap. At one time this week straw berries were throe cents a basket, but they ware quoted yesterday at fire and six cents. They are eery toga this year, but lack flavor, owing te the want e< a warns aun. Cherries are scarce and poor in quality. The (el lowing list has been carefully corrected:? MEATS. Beef?Sirloin, roast, per lb ? ill Rib, roast, prime a Id Rib, chuck 12 a M Sirloin ateaka 18 a Id Porterhouse ateaka .....M a M Rump ateaka ? a Id P la tea and navels, ooraed .10 a M Mutton per lb 0 08 a ? U per carcase 44 0 00 a M Lamb 44 ? a 0 IS " per quarter ? a 1 M Veal ?? _ a 0 M Veal, fore quarters... " ? a Old Hind quarters... " 10 a 0 14 Veal outlets 44 0 18 a Id Pork?Freeh, per lb 0? a ? Q Hams, smoked, per lb 0 13 a 0 Id Shoulders " " 0 08 a 0 10 Sides, " " 8 ? a ? MK Bides, pickled, " - a ? Id Jowls, 44 ? a ? M Smoked beef, " ? a 0 Id Sautagee, 44 ? a 0 Id Bologna do. 44 ? a t> Tripe, " 0 8T a ? Od Lard, 44 ? a 0 Id POULTRY AN9 SAME. Turkey#, per lb 18 a fit Geese. " 8 IS a Id Ducks, turn, per pair 1 18 a S 00 Ducks, black, " ? a 1 ISM Ducks, redhead, 44 1 20 a ? Chickens, per pair 1 08 a 1 8d Fowls, ?' 1 08 a I m Guinea do. 44 75 a 0 Wff Robins, per doe 1 00 a ? Wild ducks, per pair ? a ltd Grouse, per pair ? i IN English Snipe, per nalr 62Jga 0 71 Tame squab, per donen ? a I Id Long Island snipe, per doeea 2 08 n ? FISH. Shad, tech . 0 25 a 18 Maekenl 0 10 a 0 12 Base, per lb ? a Id Weak fish " 00 a ? Halibut 44 0 8 a ? M Smelts, 0 00 a ? Codfish, '? 0? a Old Sturgeon " 0 00 a ? Pickerel. " 0 12 a ? Bunfleh, " 000 a ? ?els, " 00 a Old Perch ? ? a ? M ? Flounders'4 0 04 a Salt mackerel, per lb 0 12 a _ Salt shad, " 0 12* a _ Smoked halibut '4 0 10 a __ Smk'd mackerel 44 0 11 a ^ Sounds and tongues, per it " SmM .k.A, 14 . . . Sensed salmon, psr mm Smoked aalmsw, per lb Dry oodflsh, 44 Virginia Clams, Shrewsbury, little Neck, Lobsters, per lb.... Crabs, per doe Potatoes, per half-peck. 44 Wester* reds, psr bbl. Mercer do. per bbl..... June do. 44 Bermuda, per bbl. 44 naif peek Savannah, 41 Turnips?Ruasta, per half-peek. 4' Do. per bW..Vrr.. 44 white, per bunch Cucumbers, new, per doe String beans, half peek String beai Squashes, Cabbages new, eeen. red, 44 . Savoy cab! Beets, per basket.... Carrots. Salad, eaeh. ? tea for Green pens, half peck... Water creesee, basket Spinach, half peek. Cat lick, per boach Red labels, par bunch Artichokes, half peek Tomatoes, Wnmh, hap peek. Rhubarb seeto, eaeh Shi lets, 44 .'.WW FRUIT. Amnlsa?Ttc.i rnsssts. P*r bbl... Strawberries, per basket. Goc*> berries, per qt pt rrapples, each Cbtrrtse, per lb Butter?State, per lb.., Orange, 44 ... Cheese per lb..... F.ngBeh, per lb. Pineapple, eaeh Sspasgo, 0 04 a 0 12 a aa o'S a ? ? 0 04 a ? 0 MM fa lit 0 MM ;? i m 0 50 a i m 1 00 a a ? ? a tot ? a o a? _ ? a m ? a tat ? ? 4 M mm a 4 tt mm a 4 id mm a t Id 6 60 a mm 5 W) a mm ? a *tK 3 00 a _ a t td 0 60 a i dd ? a t td 0 50 a o m 0 STJAa mm 0 10 a mm 0 It a dtd 0 04 a mm 1 60 a mm 0 08 a mm ?. 'a OS 0 02 a mm . 3 50 a mm mm a 0 ? . 0 It a an . 0 35 e td a t 04 . a t 14* a t 04 a >M 75 a lot 0 04 a tot 0 12 a t It 0 10 a mm 0 OS 4 too a ? 0 17 a aa 14 08 a ? 0 06 a t or 0 10 a ?m 0 16 a 0 tt ? a t Id 0. 090 ? tat ? ? a t n 0 18 ? t it* 0 It a * ? 16 a aa . 0 M a aa , INK* m

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