ttTAADAIII). SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 17. 1800, V We enter upon the task of editing and conducting a newspaper with many misgivings as to the future. \\ c know the difficulties and discouragements whi '1 must beset our path—we know the struggles we shall have to encoun ter. We appreciate the fact that we h tve voluntarily placed ourself in a po sition to invite criticism and discussion, ai to our competency to perform the duties we have assumed. But fully impressed with a sense of the responsi bility, and.doubting much whether we will creditably sustain ourself and our enterprise, and secure tlie commenda tion of our kind friends and patrons, we promise to do our very best, and t'irow ourself upon the indulgence of our readers, determined to succeed if in our power, and under any and all circumstances to merit it by manly ef .. / We asserted in our prospectus that tli.'publication of a Republican news paper is demanded by necessity; that Washington Territory and its people will be vastly benefitted by being af forded a journal, through which may be communicated sentiments of oppo sition to the dominant party, whieh, siiice our territorial existenee, has ruled its destinies. "We have no desire here to invite a controversy with our prede cessors in newspaper enterprises, and, omitting any comment upon their course, will only urge in proof of this position, the advantages to be derived from a fair, free and manly discussion of the politics of the day with our Democratic cotemporaries. Hitherto, appeals have been made to our people in favor of that party ONLY. The hal cyon name of Democracy, the liland islunonts of official position, the pat ronage of office, the influence of the suc cess of majorities have aided in strength ening the ranks of that, party, and in discouraging an organization of the op position. The name of "Black Rcpul>- liean" and "Abolitionist," as dissimi lar in meaning as Democrat and Re publican, have been used as synonyines by their editors, and the man who dared to avow that he could not sub scribe to the dangerous pro-slavery and disunion sentiments of the De mocracy and its apostles in our midst, was proscribed by being branded as an Abolitionist or Black Republican. By such arts and trickery has their power been perpetuated. No channel has been afforded through which to argue, address, and reason with our people, and nothing has preserved the ele ments of opposition to the Democracy, save a disposition to resist the insolent demands of factions and cliques calling themselves Democrats, who have made that party-name a machine to support them in place and power. The party whip has been assiduously applied, party trickery resorted to, the shiboleth of "REGULAR NOMINATIONS," has been successfully used, the faithful have been watched, the doubting and luke warm have beeu labored with and en couraged, and too successfully and most unjustly have they appealed to the prejudicies of our fellow-citizens against a name we feel honored in bearing—and thus have they perpetu ated their dynasty. So secure were they in their strength, they halted at nothiug, and only when their tyranny and selfishness overstepped all bounds did their real intentions become appar ent. The people, thank God, at last, j after too long tamely submitting, have now arisen in their majesty to rebuke them. "We have long entertained the opin ion that Washington Territory was Ke publican at heart; that a large majori ty of their voters agreed with that par ty, in utter repugnance to the pro-slave ry dogmas and tenets of the Demo cratic party; that the masses looked with holy horror on the efforts of that party to make slavery national, free dom sectional; that with sentiment of patriotic indignation they witnessed the persistent efforts, oft and again re -•peated, to frrco upon the free people of a sister Territory a pro-slavery con stitution over their heads and down Aunr throats, in spite of the resistance of the large majority; that with liumil ation they behpld n party majority of the Supreme Court decide that per force of the Constitution all the t T . S. Territory was open to slavery, when his tory unerringly teaches that Madison, . . and all the early fathers of that holy com pact " THOUGHT IT WRONG TO ADMIT IN THAT CONSTITUTION THE IT>J:\ OF rno rntTY IN MAN that they abhor, with us, the idea of plighted faith whereby Ourself. j the Ordinance of 1787. the Missouri j Restriction, ami the Compr >ini <*s of l 1850, wore set aside and n , iu'«:lt. , *l by tin- Kansas Nebraska Act of IS." I, to the J passage of which I>i 11 of ahomimitions may be attributed all tlie difficulties, sectional strife, and hostility between the North and the South, the existence of which at time all true patriots must deplore; that a large majority of our people must and do unsparingly condemn the course of Isaac I. Stevens, who, —the accredited delegate in Con cress from this Territorv, now hails from Oregon—repudiates tor tlie time J»eing our Territory and its people, to engage in movements sustaining slavery propagandism, at the hazard of our na tional Union, lias the Democratic party of Washington Territory, or any of its journals even doubted the pro priety of, much less censured tlie course of that distinguished gentleman, whom we now find Chairman of the Secession Democratic Executive Committee, the acting manager and controlling spirit of a party whose prominent leaders openly avow anil meditate treason fouler J than that which consigned Aaron iJurr I to eternal infamy. AVcsavand believe ' that Burr's treason was holy patriotism when compared to the machinations and doctrines of YAXCKY, KKITT, OKR, and the Southern wing of the Baltimore Convention, who preach hostility to the union of these States, who threaten se cession if the people constitutionally elect other than their candidates. We believe that the nefarious scheme they endeavored to accomplish, to pre vent tin 1 people from ehoosiugthcirowu rulers and to place (Sen. LAM: in the Presidential chair, without having re ceived a single popular vote for that , office, is far more treasonable and oh- j noxious than the plot tings of Aaron Burr. And when the democratic par tv and its press stand by and endorse this man, this forsworn Northern, from our own Territory, or fail to condemn that treason to, and outrage on, our people, is more required to prove the necessity of a Republican newspaper? We concede that Governor Stevens lias a right to believe Washington Ter ritory a Slave Territory perforce the Droil Scott decision. Wo deny it. \\ o yield that he may have a right to eovet the election of .In. LANK, under a false pretense, to the high otHeeof I'resident, hnt we deny in so doing he represents the people of Washington Territory. The course of that gentleman at Charleston in going further for a terri torial slave code than even AI.IIKIIT G. BROWN of Mississippi, his course at I»:il tiinore, his conduct through the Presi dential contest, unrobukod hy the dem ocratic party of this Territory, hut si lently and tacitly approved, has impell ed lis now to hoist the Republican ban ner. Some have thought the time in opportune. To them we will say it is full late enough. Too long have our people been deprived of an opportunity to protest most solemnly against the world believing that the constituents of that gentleman entertained senti ments in sympathy with that faction of the Democracy with which he now as sociates, and for whom he is at present the accredited political trout. To wait longer and quietly submit under such misrepresentation WKWOI u> NOT, —and heartily subscribing to all and every of the doctrines of the Chica go resolutions, coveting for the sake of humanity and human progress and the well being of our glorious I'nion the election of the nominees of the National Republican Convention, we venture on our enterprise, ready to do battle under the Republican flag, in this remote cor ner of our National I'nion. From week to week we will publish articles on the issues of the day. Ne cessity and inexperience may compel us to draw on other and abler journals— which we will do when we are satisfied that such articles should be read by our citizens to encourage tlieir steadfastness in the cause, or to convince the doubt ing. Wo earnestly invite our fellow-citi zens in other counties to furnish us with news and information of general or local interest. Especially do we desire to publish everything showing the re sources —agricultural, geographical, to pographical, and statistical—of our Ter ritory. Information upon mills, and other private enterprises, schools, churches, liter."..y or charitable associa tions, the ope.ling of new roads, the progress of settlements, every thing, in fine, exhibiting the growth, progress, oradvatice of civilization, is respectfully, but urgently asked. He assured that it is one of our most darling objects to publish such matter as will convey to strangers an idea of the inducements inviting emigration. We here tender our grateful acknow ledgments to those who have encour aged our enterprise, and to express the hopo Ihatbyoui industry,and .nr-nli< to our duties, w<-: will coiilir.u - to merit a continuance of their ooofidctr TH? Project. h \v;>; our intention t<» have issued t lie tirsi number of our journal on the l iu:-i .tni, iiii'l preliminary to the day ! of the irrent I'residential struggle. The I delay ol'tiic steamer 15 rot her Jonathan in m:ikiu;.r her trip, and the sailing of 1 the Oregon before she had arrived with 1 our letter ordering the press and mate rial, wiil be our apology for not eom ! plying with the promise made in our prospectus. We trust it will prove sat ; isfactorv to our patrons and friends.— j We hail hoped before the contest was 1 decided to have placed at our mast-head ■ the names of Lixeoi.x and ITAMMX, as serting them as our choice for the re sponsible and honorable positions of President and Vice I'resident of the I'nited St.lies. While unforeseen cir cumstances have del'eated us in that darling objective arc in the ring in time to glory with the Republicans if they have achieved success, and if defeated to bear with them the disappointment and regrets attendant upon so melan choly ii result. The politics of this pa per will be Republican in victory or dc ; feat, in sunsnine or storm, in season or 1 out of season. We shall do battle for the ! advancement of tree territory, tree la bor, free speech, and free men, at all times. It is true we live in a Territory, and have no vote in the Presidential election; it i.; true that both factions of the Democracy quarrel about the time when we shall assert our prerogative lis to whether soil honored by the name of Washington shall be desecrated amd polluted by the blighting curse of sla very; but we have an interest, anil in the language of the Platform of the Chi cago Convention, we assert that the normal condition of every Territory is freedom : that the natural condition of every man is proclaimed by the Decla ration of Independent e, that ho possesses the inalienable right to life, liberty and ; the pur nit of happiness, and that until 1 local law and municipal regulations permit property in our fellow-man, by recognizing the institution of slavery, that in the absence of any law of Con gress creating this a Hive Territory, it is a part of the domain of freedom.— We pay no deference to a judicial dic tum of a majority of a political court, which, high authority says pronounced the Died Scott decision "ON TIIK QUES TIIIN OR MRRI:ITI:\CK IN THE DEMOCRATIC HANKS —A l»i:i ISIoN WHICH I'IfKVHIUSLY EVERY DEMOCRAT 11A11 SOLEMNLY I'LEDU- Ill) 111 MSKU TO ARIDE I'.Y AS THE AUTHOR IT ATI VK I:XPOSITION' or TIII; DEMOCRATIC P.WTII." Hear that and blush, Ameri can freemen! The bench perverted from deciding questions arising under the and laws of the Tinted States, traveling out of the record to decide questions of difference in the Democratic ranks. Who made the agreement to submit that question to that tribunal? And is any one bound but the parties differing? Who au thorized that court to say Washington Territory was slave territory by force of the Constitution, without the interven tion of Congressional or Territorial leg islation, without any authority save the fact that because certain States in this confederacy permitted slavery, that cit izens of those States could carry outside of its limits the f brco of local enact ments, which ceased to be binding as soon as the jurisdiction for which they were enacted was overreached. These matters, we trust, have been settled by the triumphant election, on the (ith of November, of the candidates of the Republican party. We cannot, of course, now give the result, but if a judgment can be based upon the tones of States journals the Democracy and Secessionists have been defeated in al most all the States. The latest news indicates that all the Northern States will have been carried by the Republi cans, securing the triumphant election of AiutAit.vM LINCOLN ; that the South ern States, with but few exceptions, will be carried bv John Bell. In our next issue we may be able to chronicle the entire result in Oregon and California. In both of these States our party are sanguine of the result, and we have been grossly misinformed if both of the Pa- citic States do not record their votes for the Republican candidates. It may not be out of place hero to at test our sincere gratification at the re sult of the late Senatorial election in Oregon. Much comment has been made iipon the success of the gallant Col. E. D. Baker. We apprehend the Republican members of tho Oregon Legislature knew perfectly well what they were about, and we feel they would have boon criminal in the highest de gree to their constituencies, to the poo- j ii. of their State, to (lie int< ro.-t.i of the wl.oli <u,i t,ha<( ihi'V tb f";t|' d a Sena j tonal election. The interests of the j estate required it, and may we humbly ! suggest that Washington, once a por , tion of Oregon, now, in her dependent ; condition, leans upon her and expects ■ encouragement and support. Our in • to rests —at all events the most import ' ant—are identical with our elder sister. Have von not—may we add have WE I * *!. not—in Col. Tinker an able advocate, — I 7 jan earnest friend ? Who better than he to urge your claims and our claims with President LINCOLN and the Cabi net. Does Oregon possess within her - borders a more competent man, a more j ardent and reliable opponent of the fell j spirit of Democracy ? lie is identified with our coast, will do his whole duty in a maimer honorable to himself and acceptable to his people. Col. Ncsmith is an old pioneer, inti mate with all of Oregon wants, a par ticipant in that war—our just demands for which have been repudiated while Gen. Lane and Stevens were building up their disunion party with the pro slavery propagandists of the South— who has with fidelity discharged all trusts committed to his care, and who recommends himself to our sympathies and confidence as a martyr to the pre scriptive code of the present National Ad ministration—one whom we would wil lingly support had we no other reason than because he was worthy enough to be removed at the instance of (Jen. Jo seph Lane. NVe hope soon to chronicle a similar result in California in the election of a successor to that arch demagogue Win. M. Uwin. With the certain prospect of a Republican Administration, two Senators in Congress from Oregon who will represent the interests of Washing ton Territory, instead of laboring to es tablish slavery, willing to accomplish their object If secession and disunion were to be the result, we patiently wait the "good time coming." To our Re publican friends we say IIK OF GOOD CIIKER, a day of brightness in about to dawn on our Territory which must dis pel the dark shadows of locofocoism under which it has been so long blight ed and withered. ROCK ('REEK. —We have been shown during the week, some fine specimens of flake gold taken from the Rock Creek mines, by a gentleman recently from that' vicinity. He reports some .'SOO persons at work there—making from $lO to S2O per day, afltcr penetra ting to the bed rock. He left the mines on the 29th of October, and has since been prospecting on Ingles Creek, some LFIO miles this side of Rock Creek, which be reports as being even richer than Book Creek. We give the above as it was given to us, without vouching for its accuracy, further than to say that we believe the source entirely reliable. jjcg"" A movement has been made to wards the formation of a society, having for its object the literary advancement of its mcmliers. A meeting was held on Wednesday evening last, and Hon. J. S. M. Van Cleave acted as President, and U. E. Hicks; Esijr., Secretary. A committee consisting of Messrs. B. P. Anderson, B. C. Lippincott, J. S. M. Yiui Cleave was appointed to draft con stitution and by-laws, and to report at the meeting on Wednesday eve'g next. All persons favoring the object of the meeting are invited to be present. ALL PLEASED.—A gentleman recent ly remarked that all parties seemed satisfied with the recent election news. The Republicans, of courao wcro over joyed at tho election of their chosen standard bearer; the Douglasitcs were rejoicing over the defeat of the soce dors, and the seceders were considera bly elated because the Douglasites were beaten. ffS" The San Francisco Mirror says that the name of Oregon is derived from a plant which grows throughout that State, and of which the botanical name is " Oreganur." EXPRESS FAVORS. —Our thanks are due to Thomas M. Reed, Esq., the at tentive and obliging agent of Wells, Fargo & Co., for files of latest Califor nia papers. CENSUS OF NEW ORLEANS.— According to the present census, New Orleans will show the very flattering and scarcely expected population of 200,000. jThe Hon. F. P. Tracy, delegate to the Republican convention at Chi chago, died in New York on the 11th of October. DIVINE SERVICE. —Rev. B. C. Lippin cott will preach in the M. E. Church next Sabbath morning and evening. Oar Cotemporarien. Our acknowledgments are due to our brethren of the Press for their various notices of our prospectus, and weleom our advent into the fraternity of jour nalists. To the Puget Sound Herald we assert our surprise at its manner of exhibitingeditorial courtesy. The edi itor of that sheet flatly contradicted our assurances, on what he pronounced good authority. It would have been well to have waited until he had some assurances from us before lie advised the world that we solicited subscribers to an enterprise we only designed to continue ill the event of the election of a Republican President. The adver tisement of our intendud movement was all we desired, and his comments, though uncalled for, and destitute of ton Dila tion, benefitted us, probably, more than a commendation from that source. At all events, we now say, with a regard for the TRUTH, that we ARE assured, on excellent authority, that the notice of that paper did us no injury. To the Pioneer and Democrat we re spond cordially and gratefully. We re ciprocate its wishes for our pecuniary success, and trust that the kind feelings exhibited will long continue. We in tend to battle with it on political issues on all occasions, and expect most gen erally to differ, but let us differ as men and brethren, seeking more for truth than mere success of party. We here pledge oursolf not to be the first to violate the ploasent friendly feeling it extends in its article welcoming our propiwed ontorpriso. We acceptthe friendly banter thrown down in its notice of the establishment of this journal. It says luit truly, "Jus tice to the party [Republican] demands that their principles should be laid fairly and squarely before the people of this Territory." I fas the editor of the Pio neer always carried out that doctrine? Have not the Republican party" been unsparingly denounced in its columns as aliolitionists, and favorers of hideous doctrines of disunion. The people of the Territory have looked in vain in the columns of the Pioneer for a true representation of Republican princi ples. In the notice the editor asserts a diversity of opinion among Republicans upon the question of the power ofCon gress under the Constitution over slave ry in the Territories. We defy the ed itor of that sheet to show the proceed ings of a single Republican Conven tion which denies the right of Congress under tli*> Constitution to legislate upon the question of slavery. It is true many Republicans, with an abiding confi dence in the people, are willing to al low them to settle the character of their own institutions, and doubt the expedi ency of the exercise of that power by Congress; but no Republican, anywhere, denies the distinctive feat lire of IJopub licanism to be that the Kramers of the Constitution, and the early Fathers of the Republic vested in Congress the right and power to legislate. The Pi oneer was right when it said the estab lishment of the STANDARD would fairly draw party lines and inure to the bene fit of both. Men will then be of one or the other party, and can no longer proclaim that they are "all right" in the event of the success of either Brock en ridge, Bell, or Douglas. Pray, Mr. Editor, who were you for when you wrote thoso lines? In the great at tempt to fuse the discordant elements against ARE LTXCOLX, who was your fa vorite? Were you not for anybody, and all of thorn together, if they could defeat the Republican candidate ? You r party were, while the Republicans stood aloof, on their creed adopted at Chicago, open to the inspection of the world, standard-bearers rearing aloft the Re publican flag—pure and undefilcd, for LINCOLN, first, last, only, all the time. Your party and yourerced, was the elec tion of either of his opponents, your si lence during the whole canvass, would have made you "all right"jn the event of the success of either. How truth fully you defiued your notions for such a course, when you go on to say the public printing, an enterprise never to be lost sight of, makes it that such a course of conduct is "bright with the brightest prospects"! You discover a mare's nest in that prospectus, and with much confidence inquire, "For what act or acts the publisher of the STAXD ARD opposes the late Administration of President Pierce ?" The Administra tion alluded to in the prospectus we ad mit was the iniquitous and nefarious one now drawing to a close, but as a Union-loving man, as a Republican, we Ly we have very little more regard for lie' Administration of Pierce than that ft' Buchanan. Both were marked by fftbserviency to the slave power; both | prostituted ill i the powers of the gov . eminent to extend slavery; both en j deavored to farce the of f'avery on the free soil of Ivansns. One violated' every compromise of the iia tion to remove the Missouri restriction, ami thus open to the blighting curse of slavery a large portion of torritoiy ded icated to freedom, the other violated the pledges to the people of a free Ter ritory hy attempting to - force upon it, against its repeatedly expressed will, a pro-slavery constitution. Pierce's mal-Administration created the neces sity for the organization of the Repub lican party. Hiichunaii, following outt the policy oi President Pierce's Ad ministration, for yeaw thereafter pro duced the election of ABRAHAM LIN COLN, President of the United States. \\ hile grateful to (Jod for such lieneti cent results, and abundantly apprecia ting the truth ot the scriptural assu rance that "out of evil good may come;" yet do we in the name of human rights* unceasingly condemn the actors in the outrage upon Kansas, the violation of the .Missouri Compromise, and the re peated acts of those in power to perpe trate and propogate sla very. \ oil have our answer, which you so boldly challcngcdjn the article announ cing the issue of "AuotherNewspaper." News Items. The Philadelphia announce thnt tlio pal laut Henry Winter Mavis, of Xlarvlaiid, whose vote fleeted l'cuiugtou Speaker, hail deelared for Lin eidit The Oregon Sentinel state* that al though the rains are making sad work with the roads, tlie singes make their regular trips with ac customed dispatch. They neverfail in speed It is currently reported in California thnt Hon. Win. XI. OH in has challenged ex-Congressman Mi Doiigall, and that the cliallengu has been ae eepted The New Orleans Postmaster is re purled a defaulter to the amount ol $5(1,000 The New Directory of San Francisco fixes the pop ulation nf that city 111200,(10(1 u. |». Ander son.'!'. S. District Attorney for W. T.has received instructions to prosecute any and all persons who may hereafter liefound cutting timheror otherwise • trespassing upon the puldic landsin the Territory. The census of 1800 shows that slavery is constantly receding in Delaware An unpub lished letter of Washington was recently sold in Loudon for s"> The Sacramento I'nion says that John C. lireckenridge. in all his Legislative career, has opposed the l'neifie Kailroad Hill I'p.ui receipt of the election news from Oregon on Thursday last, thirteen guns were tired at this place We notice that Xlr. tSalliher is putting up an extensive addition to the Washington Hotel, to he used for exhibitions, balls, etc The en tire militia force of the Tinted States amounts to 'J.()■ ii(.oiili \ Lincoln pole was raised on Thursday in front of ('apt. (love's store Tlio New York Herald predicts a commercial revulsion. \ brother of Charles Dickens is in the em ploy of the Illinois Itailroad Co., at Chicago Adams, t f the Oregon Argus, calls the S feeders nigger-drivers, and the Douglasitcsdrivcn-niggers. A distinction with a difference We have the paiticulars of the late massacre of immigrantsat Salmon Kails, which will appear next week We are indebted to I'urscr Lowell for a copy of it small sheet published at I'ort Townsend, called the Northern Light Hv reference to another column it u ill lie ih-iivcd dint Oov. McOill has set apart riic '.'!itli inst. as n day of thanksgiving. \ hyfalutin Seceder. in Oregon,lately wfnt his "whole length" in declaring that be was "AH right on the nigger question," by saying : '•! pro fess to be perfectly versed upon the inherent re quirements of our National Constitution!'' Death of Gen. Clark. Brig. Gen. Newman S. Clark, com manding the Department of California, died sit San Francisco on tlic 17th of ()ctohor, aged (!!• years. His death was occasioned hy chronic diarrluea, eon- t parted during the Mexican campaign, in which he served witli distinction. (Jon. Clark entered the army in 1812, at the ago of 21, as an ensign, and tor his gallant serviees was rapidly pro lnoted. He served in the battles of Chysler's Field, Chippewa, amlLundy's Lane, and for his efficient services in the l"st action wits made a Captain, at the ago of 2-5. At the close of the war in 1815, he was raised to the rank of Major, lie served in Mexico as Colo nel of the Sixth Infantry, and for his brilliant services in that war, lie was re warded with a brevet a&jßrigadier Gen oral. In 18f>t», he took command of the Department of the Pacific, which at that time included California, Oregon, Washington, and a part of Utah. Gen. Clark also served in the Florida war, and was engaged in manv a bitter strug gle with the savages, 'l'lie San Fran eisoo Herald says: "In Mexico, the gal lant Sixth, led by Col. ('lark, were foremost in the trenches at Vera Cruz, stormed the heights of Cerro Gordo, as sisted to carry the National Bridge, plunged in the hottest part of the con flicts at Chtirubiisco, Contreras, and the atfuirs at San Augustine, Tacuhaya, and the Valley, rushed over the defences at Chapultcpec and entered the city of the Moiitezumaswith triumph. Gen. Clark was a native of the State of Conncticut, where he leaves a family to monrn hid irreparable loss. Tho departed veteran was the beau ideal of the modern soldier. Brave, cool and collected in the hour of peril; mild, gentle and amiable in his social intercourse; posessed of a heart which never beat with aught but the finest, the noblest emotion; a clear, an alytical and well stored brain, enriched by the accumulations of the scholar and the researches of the scientific man, our country loses hy the death of Gen. Clarke, one of our most devoted sons and best citizens." * A gentleman recentlA from the Columbia has shown us a vcrvwngiilar piece of petrified wood, recently found upon his farm near Astoria. One por tion of it somewhat resembles a bird, but its peneral appearance we know not what to liken ti>. If has the color ol';<o;ip-stnrie, and is quite a valuable pc'.-iincii <>fpetrifaction.