Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, 16 Mart 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated 16 Mart 1855 Page 2
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THE BEDFORD GAZETTE. Rrdlbi'd. Jlarcli SO, I sou. G. W. Bowman, Editor and Proprietor. C00I) NEWS FOR BEDFORD COI'NTY- following intelligence will be high ly gratifying to our people : HARRISBUIK;, March 12, 1555. Gen. Bowman: —It gives me great pleasure to inform you that the Cambria Iron Company have taken the contract to furnish the Iron for the Broad Top Rail Road. Our citizens may, therefore, confidently expect to see the Loco motive in Bedford county before the close of the present year. Yours, WM. T. DAUGHERTY. SENATOR Bit K ALE'.V. oJ=Vfe are indebted to Hon. C. A. BLVKA UAv, of the State Senate, for a copy of his speech "upon the joint Resolution proposing amendments to the Constitution." It is an able and highly interesting document, and we will take an early occasion to lay it before our readeis. Mr. BifKALF.w was the Democratic nominee for iheTT. S. Senate, and is one of the most promising young men in Pennsylvania. [£7~Hon. J. GLANCY JONES, we are pleased to team, lias recovered l'ronri his recent attack of sick ness, aiul is now;"at home with his constituents in Berks enmity. He is one of the most reliable men in Congress. Tavern Keepers Who intend to take out License, should forthwith attend to having their notices of intention published. It will soon he too late. Philadelphia News, of Saturday last, gives its renders the following piece of information : "More than two months have elapsed since the assembling of the Legislature, and but little business of public importance has yet been transacted." If this be true, what have the taer-payr* gained by the election of a Know Nothing Legislature ! of our friends seem to think that we ought to hunt up and particularize the De mocrats who have become Know Nothings! In this opinion we beg to differ. Ours is a free country, and every man has a right to join whatever Party or Church suits his own parti cular fancy, he alone being accountable to his God and the Laws of the country for any misuse of the blessings guaranteed to him in the Bible and the glorious Constitution bequeathed to us bv the blood of the Heroes of the Revolution. ]l'e look upon Know Notliingism as a Pesti lence—as embodying views at war with the principles of bolh Christianity and a Republican Government , and we have not hesitated to say so on all proper occasions. Whilst it has giv en us pain, mortification, and sincere regret, to find Democrats gulled into such an unnatural association, we have no right, neither have we any desire, to denounce them person ally. If Journalists would exert their influence tn make PEACE, instead of fanning the bitter HATREDS now existing in the world, they would receive the thanks and applause ol every virtuous man in the Nation. Nothing is more repulsive to correct minds than the low per sonal abuse and scurrility which characterizes so many of our newspapers. A Freeman may be UKASOJM:D with—he will not be FORCED! —Abuse never REFORMED any one, and we will not engage in it to gratify the appetite (or such food now so prevalent in the world. The inan who sacrifices honest principles for a mess of pottage is rather to he pitied than denounced; and he who does so through mistaken notions is certainly not a fit subject for denunciation.— None of us are any better than we should be: and none cries so lustily "stop thief" as lie who has beee detected in stealing, and is trying to make his escape ! Have charity. THE LATE ELECTIONS. The issue has ceased to be Whig and Demo cratic. In all quarters we see the lines drawn only as Democrats or Anti Know-Nothings vs. Know-Nothingism. In New Hampshire it is the only question involved in the present ex citing canvass now going on there—in Virgin ia the same. In all municipal or minor elec tions these seems to be the only elements at strife. Of tire late minor elections we have the following results, indicating verv clearly that this proscriptive party has no permanent existence, and will not long be tolerated in a Republican Government like ours: MUNICIPAL ELECTION.—TROY, Mar. G. —John A. Griswold, Democrat and Anti-Know-Noth fng, has been elected Mayor by about 200 ma joritv, over Slocum, Whig. MAYORALTY ELECTION.—DETROIT, Mar. 6. —The returns of the election held yesterday in this city show that Mr. Ledgard, the Democrat ic candidate for Mayor, has been elected by a majority of about 600. OswKco, March 6.—The municipal election yesterday was very exciting. The Know- Nothing candidate for Mayor was defeated by 500 majority. SYRACUSE, March 6.—Lyman Stevens, De mocrat and fusionist, has been elected Mayor by 4-00 majority. The whole fusion ticket has been carried triumphantly. Six fusionist aldermen and supervisors out of eight are elected. There is great rejoicing here this evening, bonfires are Mazing, and processions with bands of music are parading through the streets. The town of Caaenovia has gone Whig. UTILA, March G.—Henry 11. Fisher, anti- Know Nothing Whig, has been elected Mayor of Hamilton by about four hundred majority.— Three Whig and three Democratic aldermen have been elected. CINCINNATI, March 6.—The municipal !ec tin yesterday, in Newport, Kentucky, result ed in the defrat of the Know-Nothing ticket. LoCKiNiRT, March 7.—The entire anti-Know- Nothing charte? ticket, excepting one trustee, has been elected by an average majority of 40. Ahijfth H. Moss r anfi-Know-Nothing president, received 15 majority over Van Valkenburgh, Know-Nothing. Burlington, lowa, March s.—Silas A. Hud son elected Mayor, over L. F>. Stockton, Know Nothing, by 119 majority. Eight aldermen and tire city Recorder, Treasurer ami I Marshal (anti- Know- Nothing} were also elected. AIn.WAi.KiE, March S.—At the charter elec tion held yesterday, the whole democratic tick et was elected. J. 13. Cross was elected May or by 1400 majority. The moral of these elections, says the Phila delphia Argus, seems to he that in those quar ters where Know-Kothingism soonest develop ed its strength, it has most rapidly exhibited decay. Prematurely ripe, it has as rapidly de cayed. Their career is food for thought, aw? ho nest men who have been duped into this secret political hierarchy of hut a season's life, will learn from its sudden decay a lesson ol enlight enment and wisdom. It is a law of vegetable economy that plants which grow in the dark become diseased and poisonous. Animals which are hidden from the light of the sun lose their natural instincts and senses. The law isecjually true of men; and still truer of the public life of communities. The utter inefficiency of Know-Nothingism is found in the fact that in most of the State* Le gislatures under their control, thev are unable to perform any important act, owing to their in ability to unite. A thirst for otiice appears to be the only settled principle they have; and the disappointed manifest as much hatred towards their opposing BRF.THREN as they do towards Catholics and Foreigners! For proof of this look at the Pennsylvania and Indiana Legisla tures. Neither can elect aL . S. Senator ow ing to bitter divisions ambng themselves! The Ontario Times gives the following a non vmous threat, which was sent to a renounc ing member of the Know-Nothing order: A. E. COUNCIL, Jan. G. 1 855 ANSEL Dv:now.—Yon are hereby admonish ed and warned, according to the law srf forth in secret conclave of the G. O. of S. N. A., that you must desist from all conversation iifion the principles which yon have proved recreant to. You are also reminded of the TERRIBLE PAINS AND PENALTIES with which a TRAITOR TO GOD, his maker, and a wilful perjurer before man, is visited. It this warn in" is heeded—WELL! it not—remember Mor gan ! THE COMMITTEE. HON. THOMAS H. BENTON. —The Washing ton Globe of Wednesday evening, alter ootice ing the destruction of Col. Benton's house by fire, says : "We think it worthy of note to write down that we saw Go!. Benton for a few minutes at a quarter past ten o'clock last night, when lie was about sitting down to rewrite for this morn ing's Globe the speech he made the day before vesterdav on the presentation of Gen. Jackson's sword to Congress, which he had revised, but had returned to our otiice a part only ; the bal ance he hail left in his office, and it was burnt. He said he had it all in his head, and it should come out before he slept. "VY'f asked him if his house was insured, and he replied, as nearly as we can recollect, as fol lows : 'No it was not insured : hut I care noth ing about that: insurance could not have saved all that I considered valuable—the bed on which my wile died, on which I sleep; her clothes, which were in a trunk setting at the head of the bed : the articles which she prized most, around it—the last things 1 saw at night, and the first in the morning : and the papers in the adjoining room, many of which cannot be supplied. But what I shall most feel—more than I now do—will tie the loss of thrmemori als of my wife, whose body, still above ground, it will be my first care to remove to St. Louis when released from Congress, to be buried in the place in which I bad collected the remains of mv dead —my mother, children, grandchil dren, sisters—to take the place by their side which she and I had marked out for ourselves." TEACHERS MEETING. Pursuant to the announcement of the Coun tv Superintendent, T. R. GETTYS, Esq., a re spectable number of tile Teacheis of Bedford County, convened in the Lecture Room of the Presbyterian Church, on Friday, March 2d, 1855. On motion of Mr. Campbell, the Rev. T. K. DAMS was called to the chair, Mr. T. R. Yick roy was chosen Vice President, and Messrs. Geo. Sigafoos and J. S. Mower Secretaries. The President then invoked the favor and Messing of Heaven to rest upon and accompany the effort then making, as well as upon every effoit which should be made, for the promotion of Eriurat ion. The object of the meeting being stated by Mr. Gettys, the President made some very in teresting and appropriate remarks. A commit tee consisting of Messrs. Campbell, Sigafoos and Afcp, were then appointed to draft resolutions for the consideration of the meeting. Mr. Gettys being called upon, delivered an able and interesting address to the Teachers, in which he demonstiated that their vocation was not only a responsible and arduous, but a laudable and respectable calling. The committee than reported a series of res olutions. Oil motion, Mr. Sigafoos then addressed the association on the subject of teaching English Crammer. He endeavored to show that the old system of teaching English Crammer, viz: Requiring young and undisciplined minds to memorize and recite an almost endless list of abstract rules and definitions, was only calculat ed to confuse the mind, discourage the pupil, and was contrary to the natural order ofthings. Mr. Campbell was then called to take the floor. He gave a brief but very lucid and satis factory exposition ot his method of teaching tlie use or Numbers —the principle of Notation, Nu meration, Addition and Multiplication. On motion the chair appointed Messrs. Vick roy, Sigafoos, Xorris, Mower and Durborrow, a committee to draft resolutions for the consider ation of the meeting in the evening. According to adjournment, the Association convened at 7 o'clock in the court-house when Rev. Mr. BENEDICT was called to the chair.— The minutes of the afternoon being read, Mr. Vickroy, Chairman of Committee, reported a nother series of well written resolutions, from which we extract the following: Resolved, That there is a deficiency of qua lification on the part of Teachers, which de mands reform. Teachers should be thoroughly versed in the branches they teach, have a tart for the calling, and enjoy such a degree of mo ral character as to make an impression for weal ujmn the minds of their pupils. Resolved, That the salaries now paid are not such as to present a sufficient inducement to those who possess the qualifications and ability requisite to engage in the work. The Association was further addressed by Maj. Samuel H. Tate, and Messrs. Mower. Sig afoos, and Campbell; after which Messrs. T. R. Vickroy, Ceo. Sigafoos, and J. Selby Mower, were appointed by the Chair a Committee to draft a Constitution and Bye-Laws, to be sub mitted to the next meeting which will assem ble on Monday evening of the approaching Court at the court-house. Instructive Fire. valuable private residence of Mr. CFO. SPA NO, (brother-in-law of Hon. JOB MANX,) near county, eyas recently destroyed by tire, including all the Furniture, which was rich and costly, together with their clothing. The family barely escap ed with their lives. Mrs. S. first discovered the tire about 3 o'clock in the morning. HATER,ESQ. takes possession of the "Bedford Hotel" on the Ist day of April. We do him but simple justice w hen we say that he has no superior in the State as a Landlord, and we have no doubt he will receive liberal en cou ragemenE ITP-Mr. DOMIMCK COOK, well and favorably known to the travelling community, has rented tile " Washington Hotel" in Bedford, and will al so take possession on the Ist of April. That Mr. Cook w ill keep a first rate house is well known to all who have hitherto stopped with h'tn. Beil ford is, well supplied with good Hotels and clever and accommodating Landlords, and tra vellers will meet with good fare by putting up at any of them. In retiring, Maj. DAVIS and Col. BARMIABT carrv with them the best wishes of our citizens lor their future welfare. FIRST or APRlL. —Subscribers who contemplate changing their {duces ot residence on the first ot A pril, are requested to givit us early notice ot their re moval. that we may know where and how to forward their papers alter that ('ate. l!ol ioiirt-t'axc Waled. "I will that iny heirs, viz : Ilarhuia, Margaret, Rachuel, Catherine, arid my son George, and my sori Thomas, and my son Michael s heirs, viz: Abraham and Thomas, all to share and share alike, out ol Hie moneys due my estate, except ruy son George, who is to have three hundred dollars more than an equal portion of the rest ol my heirs for labor over age." QCESTON —Are Abraham and Thomas, the two grandchildren, each entitled to unequal share with the sons and daughters of the Testator / COUNSEL FOR PLAIN 11 t-T SHANNON, BAN NA N and Fv AN. FOR DEFENDANT— HALE, RAKCTL.VY arid SPA V The charge of the Court was. delivered by BLODGET (JOHN A.) JUSTICE. Great latitude has always been allowed to Courts in the construction of the meaning ot words and sen tences used by testators in their w ills. Willsareoften drawn when the teslatorsare in extremity and with out the aid of proper advice and assistance: It is therefore no wonder that difficulties so frequerffty u rise m arriving at the true meaning and intention of the testator. Jt is laid down ty all the authorities ancient and j modern, t tint the construction of a will roust be "a greeahle to the intention ot the testator," and that the "intention must be collected Irotn the whole will.'" The "{w/iry oi the law," (as it is called) baslurnisb ed exceptions to t his rule, declaring that the inten tion of the te-tator, shall govern ill -ill cases, EXCEP TING w here the gi LE of law overrule* the intention, viz: Where the devise would make a FRKPETI I'IY : Where it would put the freehold in abeyance : V\ here chatties are limited as inheritances, and where a Fee is limited on a tee. 2 DaII., 211, McKean, C. J.— Without animadverting upon the jtoliry or imjmltry of the exceptions referred to in the foreging decision, or seeking tor a modification or contradiction ol the rule, it is clear that the will in controversy is iiee from any ol the legal disabilities above detailed, and therefore must be -o construed as io effectuate the intention of the testator, gleaned from a careful con sideration ot the whole will. It is very apparent from the phraseology and spirit of the will, that the testator's intention, w as to place ALL IIIS CHILDREN upon an EQUALITY —carrying the principle of equality much farther than it is generally carried in Pennsylvania—by avoiding the unjust and invidious di-tinction of giving his daughter* a its* por tion than his sons. Where tbe testator does make an apparent distinction by giving a seeming prefer ence to George of three hundred dollars more than to the rest of his heirs, he is careful of inflicting a wound upon the sensibilities ot the rest of his children by leaving them loom to suppose, that it proceeded from a greater degree of parental regard tow ards his pre ferred son, but accounts for the apparent preference by distinctly declaring the three hundred dollais to; be wot a .gift, but the payment of a debt, "for labor over age." If the testator was so careful in accounting for! the preference given to GEORGE over his sisters and J brothers, would he not have been equally particular . in assigning his reasons for giving his deceased son Michael, or his heirs, a double jitnlioti ' Would he not have set forth the inducing cause of the preference so clearly as to leave no rsom for doubt as to his in tention ! It is said that "the defect of a will in icard* shall be supplied by the intent ol the testator." "In w ills the effect or intent is more to he regarded than the form." And again. "Words in a will ought to re ceive such favourable exposition, that the intent of the te-tatur apparent in the will, shall be performed in every point and jot." 8 Yin. Abr., 161. It is said by Chief Justice Hale that "the meaning of a testa tor is to lie spelled out by little hints ami that w ills are entitled to an equitable and benign mteipre tation." In conveyances subsequent words maybe explana tory of the lornier ; but in wills the first words do actually guide those which follow. 3 Mod 82. The first words in the disputed clause of the will in controversy are, '1 w ill that n>y heirs,' doubtless when the testator used Hie woid HEIRS, he used it as the equivalent of sons and daughters, and meant thereby his children, including all his sons and daughters,— living and dead—in ail seven in number. The first words, "I will that my heirs," must he taken in con nection with the afterwords "// tn share, ami share alii.e cleailv meaning, that his remaining estate, after subtracting three hundred dollars for Gcoig'' should he divided into seven shares giving unto each of his living children one seventh of his estate, and the remaining seventh, that his deceased son Michael would have taken if living, to his (Michael's) chil dren, Abraham and Thomas, to he equally tlirided between them. The names of "ABR AHAM and THOMAS," children of his deceased son "Michael," aie only in-erted in the will, as descriptive of the persons who were to to receive "Michael's" share. The insertion of their names only encumber the will, having a tendency to confound the testalor's meaning, an] ought therefore to be rejected as surpfnssage. Particularly as tlie words "Michael's heirs," are abundantly descriptive to pieserve their rights. The clause would then read thus: "1 will that rny heirs, viz : Barbara, Marga ret, Kncliuei, ("atherine, and my son George'and ruy son Thomas, and my son Michael's heirs all to share and share alike." Here then Michael's heirs woirid he in F.iFHi but one heir, entitled to hut one shaie, just one seventh, the amount their lather would have taken had he survived the Testator, and that one seventh would be subject to an equal divi-ion be tween them. Words in a will may not only be rejected for the purpose of arriving at tbe intention of the testator, hut words may be supplied—Thus, "The Court will rectify expressions, or even supply proper words in a will in order to effectuate the intention of the tesia tnrs." .1 Burr, 2783 Here then the intention of the testator my be rendered manifest by adding alter the conclusion of the paragraphs these words, viz: "My grandsons Abraham and Thomas to be entitled to no other or greater share than their father, my Stan Michael, would have been entiltlei'to if living." Being morally certain that the testator so con templated disposing of his estate, intending to pre serve an entice equality between his living children and his deceased ton Michael, and that he never con templated giving unto Michael, his deceased son, or to his heirs a double portion, we would therefore de cree, assuming the sum to be distributed fo be 1000— To George, for "labor over age," S3OO and one seventh of S7OO, in all, SIOO 00 To Barbara, Margaret, Rachel, Catherine and, each, 100 00 500 00 To Abrahern and Thomas (Michael's heirs) each 5Sf, 100 00 Total, SIOOO 00 The Court are not only morally convinced that the above mode of distribution w ill carry out the inten tion of the testator, but they are satisfied that it is in harmony with the spirit of the will, ami the all pervading sense of equity, justice and equality that characterises it. The explanation of the preference given to George, arid the total absence of any reason or explanation why "Michael's heirs" should receive double tbe portion of any of their aunts or uncles is all-convincing that no such intention was contempla ted by the testator. Suppose "Michael" had left six heirs instead of two ; according to the mode of distribution insisted upon by the plaintiff', they would he entitled to one half of the fund—as much as all their uncles and aunts together! Courts should glory in tbe pi inciplc of construing wills sons fo cffectnate the intention of the testator, howeves homely may be the phraseology, jmanifest jng that intention; even 'httle hints,' in thalangnage of r.oriiißale should be ".-jelled out," rathoi than the intention of the testator, should tail in one "point or jflr." Certainly there is no stronger inducement to honest industry and labor in the acquisition ot pro perty, than the confidence that we can disppse of it m such a manner that those who are near and dear tl , us whilst living, shall it alter our death. VVere it not for the confidence that the intention of the testator in the construction of WILLS would he respecter), lhe owner- of property would prefer alie nation hv deed, or submitting to the distribution of their effects under the 'intestate Law, 1 thus 10-iug in their advanced age that much wanted care and at 'tention from EXPECTANTS upon their bounty under their wilts which Otherwise they would be sure to retain. Judgment that 'Michael's heirs, Abraham and Tho mas, take not 'PER CAPITA,' hut 'PEI: srii;i-E*.' From the Panama i'eratd, Jan. 21. HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM iHKXitO. As uc anticipated, a courier arnvfil from | General A Ivarez, head-quarters at Tippan, oil the 20th with lhe otiicial intelligence that Geri eial Zuloaga, with his entire coinniaixLcompo sed of some of Santa Anna's select officers and troops had, wit!, all their arms and munitions of war, capitulated, or to use a patriotic expression, had pronounced in favor of and joined the com mand of Alvarez. Hv flits the Itheral party in the South are re inforced with 1,000 regular troops and officers, J tog'ther with 1,800 good muskets, 80 mule loads of rr.unitions ol war, and 0 field pieces; j sufficient!y ample to hid defiance to any addi tional troops Santa Anna may send to the south, which is exceedingly questionable, as he no | doubt is fully convinced ot the aheiyditv ol another attempt to defeat Alvarez and his chief tain, Genera! Comonfort, the latter whose tal i ents and liberal sentiments and leeling tow ards not only his own countrymen, hut foreigners, | eminently quality him for the most elevated po sition within the gift of the Mexicans; n better selection coold not be made, for lie alone ajfe pears to he the onlv man who could !.a#nonize the "North and South," and prevenmlhis re public from crumbling into insigniflcutM inde pendent States. The victory was celebrated in this port on t fie 20th, by the firing of a national salute, and I other demonstrations of rejoicing. Tty* whole force,• some f)00 troops, are on their n&rc.h for this place, and may be looked tor ill a leu days. The French frigate La Forte cleared on the 9th for Calfao. On the 1 2th the Mexican schoo ner Atrivido, arrived with a catgo ot fknir, be ing l(i days from Guaymas; she reports no blockade fitting out for this port : that Santa Anna lias no vessels to fit uut. The American j schooner Flying Dart, ( apt. Fernurti, arrived lon the Nth, with a cargo of provision?, and made the passage from San Francisco-in If) days. Santa Anna is still at the capital, and his so called election is progressing with wonderful rapiditv : his new steamers of war are lying qui etly in the port of Vera Ciuz lor want of crew s, and thusends the far famed pa per blockade and the attempt to defeat Alvarez. ha k32 s z-: a*: On the l't in-t., by He K"V. 11. Bee kcrtnan. Mr. George Hillegass, to Miss Maria B. Mowely, all of Juniata township. 55 I E 15: On the 1 Otb lilt., at the residence of hedsister in Bedford township, Miss Sarah Rulenbaugh,! aged 35 year.-, 6 months arid lt days. Her languishing head is at rest. Her aching and thinking is o'er, Her ijuset immoveai-le breast Is heaid w itti affliction no more. NOTICE: Miss R. S. PROCTER will re-oyvm her school, in the Lecture-Room ot the Presbyterian Ctwrctl, nil Monday next, the 10th of March, when shjf will be : happy to receive any new pspils whose parents may • confide them fo her care. March IG, 1855. Public SaSe. Tito stihscribor w ill sell, at Public Sale, nn TUESDAY, the *27 th day of MA RUltynst. at ! the Washington Hotel, in the borough of Bed ford, tile fallow ing described property, to wit: Four Horses, one Mare with colt, '2 Cows, a large quantity of feather Reds, and Hair, husk I ami Straw Mat trasses: also a large lid of Bed steads. Blankets, Sheets, Quilts, Comfi>rts, wash ! Stands, with howls and pitchers: a large lot of stair and entry Carpeting: Oil Cloth, Looking Glasses, a set of Parlor Chairs, a large lot of : common Chairs, Tables and Stands, 2 large ten plate Stoves, 3 chamber Stoves: 1 coal.Stove, a large lot of Qtteensware, a lot of ivory handle Knives and Foiks, a lot ot silver tea and table Spoon.-, a large lot of fine linen Sheets, Andi i ions, 2 Sofas, dining room Tables, 2 Selehoards, ! a lot of Par Furniture, and a great variety of articles in this line too tedious to mention. to commence at 10 o'clock. [T/^Terms made known on day of sale, j 01/' The sale will f>e continued from day to day until all is sold, should the sale not close on ! the day above specified. S. HA VIS. March 10, 1855. : Bedford Hotel* The subscriber respectfully begs leaVef to an nounce to his old friends and the public gener ally, that he has leased the Bedford Hotel, at , present in the occupancy of Col. Adam Barn hsvt. and will take possession on the Ist day of j Aptil next. It is not Lis design to make many professions as to what lie will do, liul he ! liis word tlAit his Wist energetic efibrts will be j employed to render comfortable all who give him a call. The Ilotfte will he handsomely fitted up, and none but careful and attentive j servants w ill be engaged. Persons visiting the Bedford Springs, as well as those attending Court, and the travelling community general ly, are respectfully invited to give hjm a call ! and judge for themselves. ! [LP*Bonrden taken by the week, month, or year, on favorable terms, i IjyAmple and comfortable stabling is at | tached to litis Hotel, which will always fie at tended by a careful hostler. Also, a safe and convenient carriage house. JOHN HAFER. j March 10, 18 Of). A WORD TO SOLDIERS ! Republics are no longer ungrateful'! Your country has done you full and ample justice ; All persons entitled to the benefits of the "Bounty Land Rill, are hereby notified that the subscriber will attend to their claims. Soldiers who served fourteen days, their widows and mi nor children, are entitled to 160 acres of land under the present law. [T^'Cfficeon Julianna street. JOSEPH W. TATE. ! March 16, ISM). Statement and report of J. W . LINCENFEL TEfi, Steward of the Poor arid House of .Em ployment of Bedford coutily from the Ist day of January, 1854, till the Ist day t>l J.utua ary, 1855. Gush'lron* VVtti Hartley Esq. for onions 37 H J Henderson for Floor 0 00 20 barrels of llour m>li) in Cumberland 13* 00 il2 do sold in Ihe mill 72 <t> 2 barrels sold in Cumberland 13 50 Cash of Leany 3 00- j Do of John RoTghsril tor Tye 1 00 Do ot David Thomson 1 50 Do of Joseph Claar 2 2.7 : Do EllZ'fbeth Foster, wheat at sundry times 20 57 1 Do Hugh Moore for rye 3 7.7 Do VVtn Whetstone for rye 2 2-7 j Do Simon Diekerhott for rye 1 87 j Do Writ Boucher for rye 1 .70 j Do Rev Phelps for rye 2 25 ; Do Solomon Reimuud for Rye, 2 25 Do Capl llartner for rye 1 50 ; | Do Jacob Line lor rye 1 50 ; Do George Leader for wheat 3 7-7 j j Do Nicholas Lyons for rye , 4 7-7 * ■ Do James McMullin for floiir 1 75 j Do David Dremui.g for com 111 Do, Lean y tour pigs -7 2-7 Do Leany on account of Plat'r grinding 6 oil | Do John Cewni and Others lor vegetables .7 37 j Mrs Foster, Mrs Miller and others tor butter 2 4.3 Bv amount expended tor use of Poor and House of Employment from Ist January, 1854, till ; Ist January, 1855. ; Balance on lust settlement 5 SS Paid Leany for pork it 7.7 SjriiMtjl Vondeisirdth for pork 52 50 Do ' do rye .7 95 Do do butter 2 (it) Do Metreb 62i j Bacon, ike 3 Oil Foher carriage on flour to Cumberland 2 lot# 15 2-7 | I Andy Amick sett ol mall rings <fi) j Marketing, baskets and umotby seed 0 Ob* Wood I,utilers 8 00 j Chairs arid apple butter 5 87 , VVtn Millbiirti plough point 73 Steel and iron lor same 2-7 ] Mola-ses and beets 4 ->0 Fat bog from Dfover 5 25 Harkleroad lor potatoes 1 20 Hay, apple-butter, X.c 13 00 j j Fat sheep ot Drover 2 50 i Sundry goods use of Poor hnn-p 4 OS i Solonioy Sutter tor dressing or steeling 3 axes 2 30 ; 'i'umips 1 si7^ Mill tojie in Cumberland and carriage 7 K7i ; Apple butter and Molas-es 4 -ifi • Neb on Davis shearing sheep 7-3 ! Do altering lambs 50 i Drover for fat hog C 30 | K Norths bill blacksmithiug .70 Baeon 5 00 Two lame sheep and bacon 8 s -7 Veal and marketing I 73 1 fTreen and dt ied apples and lirne 5 73 ' i Mutton 3 00 | Richey for beef 1 92 ! Lot ol bacon apt! marketing 5 30 i Apples, 2 Flitches and potatoes 0 73 Diover for sheep 3 00 Apple butter and quarter of beef 4 30 Washing horses (swelled sheath 1 30 I Apple butler and bacon 7 25. j i Making 1(500 rail* 10 00 1 j Cider, apples and altering hogs 4 94 I Wrn Herring for filing saw 23 Mrs. Walter for apple butter 3 00 Samuel Smith for long stiaw 3 30 5 gallons i>| tmdasjes 3 12J, i : .Tame- Brings for making six hundred rails 0 00 | Do making 00 pannels post fence 13 00 ' Deducted oti check 1 I 38 1 Statemeeul of Poor House Mill from the Ist of i January, 1854, till tin* Ist of Jan. 1855. I To amount of toll grain brought in by the mill as per monthly return. f 3l\ i i Jan. 1554. grain on hand, 11 4. i February 7 returned 111 00 0 p' : March i 101 10 31 U I April 4 95 30 51 lu f May 2 ' 38 40 8 i I June 0 48 36 13 ; July 1 33 10 8 I j August 1 34 j 16 5 1 i September .3 -17 30 | October 3 3t 33 November 7 45 20 4J 3 December .7 50 II 12 G January 2, 1555, 52 8 10 2 732 205 77 25 ! Amount of grain user? in the 1 j Poor house ami sohf to sun | thy petsons f*>r c.u.\h and on actontirs and for work done i in repairs at mill and house. C-ed in the Poor lloirse 303 00 20 16 Horse feed 40 Feed for beef rattle 25 5 i For hogs GO 42 1 j Sold Solomon Filler on account 3 I ■ Samuel Itefibaugh on account 7 3 1 George W Bowman 1 pi G W Blymire G , ; VVeisel and Foster 13i 2 ' | In Cumberland 22 barrels ca-h 110 1 ] Samuei Stivers 5 ■ | George Lysinger 18J 10-J 0 3 . : John Foster S 3 1 ft Win Crismqn work at mill 10 0 0 0 j Widow Claar keeping pauper 21 0 0 0 • I Michael Bannon on account G 0 0 0 I Mrs Smith keeping outdoor pnnp. 4 0 0 0 1 James M Gibson ori account 9 3 0 0 • David Stivers barrels 5 0 0 0 | Sold in null 12 barrels, cash GO 0 0 t>' | Nicholas Boor 7 0 0 0, > j Joshua Mower, work at mil! he 55 5 1 0 i \ John James per Jacob Darnbart 15 0 It 0 i John Snidpr 5 0 0 0 Samuel Carney cash 5 15 0 0 j Jonathan Dieh! unsettled G 15 t 0 .0 '• Miss Eliza Fo-tercash 13 0 1 0; i John Reighart, ca-h in part 0 2 0 0 ! Samuel Vomlersmit h unsettled 0 !) 0 i Hugh Moore cash 0 5 0 Ot ; David Thomson 0 2 0 Ol ■ Win Whetslone per brother cash It 3 0 01 - Simon Dicfcerhoofcash 0 2-J 0 til Win Booeher cash 0 2 0 0 i Capt Hariner 0 2 0 ' Rev Phelps 0 3 1) 0 Solomon Reunion] 0 3 .-■ 0 (I I j Nicholas Lyons 0 3 0 0 , j Alt Craine unsettled 0 5 0 0 iJob Mann 0 10 0 lj Jacob Line cash 0 2 0 0 I Joseph Claar 0 2 0 0 . | Jonathan Potts on account 0 5 0 0 , Adam Little 0 3 0 0 David Drowsing rash 0 0 li 0 ' A King list] unsettled 0 0 0 2 i - 713 257 74* 22| Balance in mill 19 8 2$ -8-J 732 265 77 25 A List shewing the number of Paupers admit . j led, discharged,died, ike. (luting eajcb month, I and the number remaining at the end of each <if month, and the average number supported in the House during the year, also the numhef of out-door paupers supported and buried by the institution from the Ist of January, until the Ist of January, 1855. >oo o 2 &• u' ~ T =>* rr* a - ~ {L rr ~ 3 ■ - • ~ -- 5 .ss g: =_ 5 .. 2 a c- i- g- 3 yt a. i h r' S3* I ~ S" ' o o 3 = ~> ' O e. a. c- = a. go o O go 5" 3 111 house Jan. 1,'54, 38 15 January, 11 8 1 Jo yi * r February, 1 5 t) 0 0 '' March, 7 1 0 0 0 40 c April, * 5 4 0 0 | 40 h \ May, 7 0 1 o 3I J ""e, 5 G 0 0 0 :p> lk J"'.v, 2 2 0 1 0 33 ~ August, 0 f> 0 2 0 3"> i~ 'September, 8 3 1 1 o 34 October, . 8 4 2 0 0 30 .)- t NovAmtier, 3 8 0 0 0 3o nl! December, 11 17 0 0 0 29 17 January 1, 1555, 77 72 4 (i 3 410 219 making the average number of paupers in |f v fioiise for Ihe year 52 5-12, of whom four -colored, 2 males and 2 females. Five 0u1d.., r paupers, making the average 57 5-12. A| , funeral and other expenses and medical bill' were paid lor 8 paupers who died in ( J,.. ty during the year and could not tie removed to the poor house; also the bills were paid | oi hoard, attendance, and medical attendance |, r 13 paupers who lav sick at dilTerent times in different parts of the county durino-the year also 327 way-faring persons were suppyjC,)' during the y|ar with lodging, food, niedicin,. ike. There teas remaining iu the house Ist J a ' nuary, IsLss| 29 male and 17 female nam : ,. r . Total 4(f. f ' f ' Statement of the product of the Farm and Gar den for,year ending January 1, 1855. '77 corn; 85 bush Oat-; 2(1 tons hav -5 to.h!s l ofrc beef; 326 points of veal: 3 beef bidet; r,,.- 192 pminils lard; 87 pounds of fallow; 320 pounds of butter; 49 busb'-ls nf apples; 2 barrel- pl'cidei; 1 fc 4t . rel soap. GARDI-.X-.-37 bu-b potatoes; 8 busli toßta loes; G tiusti beans; 3 bush onions; | bush tinafl nioli*; 5 b|i-b beei-; 1 bush turnips; lihuih peas; 809 heiwf-cal>be: 83 ittiz p-oor crout; 1 iarrei cucumber pickle.-; ' a barrel ui r |. lion pickles. f Liv.. stock on hantl on the Ist January, 18.77. :! head work Isyrses; 5 milch cows; 1 Durham hull -40 head and lambs; 1 I,rood sow; 12 shoats Feed fur Live Stock. 12 tdiis Mty; 4 tens of straw; 2 loads of corn foilder. ?Vegetables, Provisions, ike. 15 bush potatoes; 3 do beets; 1 do cabbage turnip -1 do larce onions; ido .-mall onions; 100 heads !•;,- bage; 2 barrels sour cront; 1 barrel cucumber p;y klcs; * do mellons; 2133 pounds pork; 1 ISS pootulsof beet; 203 pounds ol lard; 109 pounds tallow; ] barrel vinegar; 2, barrels soil ou|i; 50 pounds bard soap. ArtieJe-.manufactured by the Matron in the Pppr nrid House of Employment from the i,t January, 1854 till the Ist January, LSn.7; 37 pair mens' pant-; 47 mens' shirts; 25 mm.' roundabouts; 18 mens' vest-; 39 womens' dre-st-s; .'1 ilo petticoats; 31 <io chemise; 27 do aprons; 14 ck, nightcaps; 15 child reus' dresses; 8 rhemie*; coats; 5 apron-: G night rap-; 43 pair sochs; 30 p a;r of stock ings: 13 blankets; (8' sheets; 15 emnlort; J quilts; 12 pair pillow slips; 8 do do Tick-; y Iwlstp; ticks; 7 bhaif ticks; 11 towel*; G sbrouds; 56 yards ot blanketirtgf gO yards Imsey: 27 hickory brotmis. The indebtedness of the Poor and Home of Employ ment on the 1-t day of January 1553, "as ,4738 51 During the year 1553 there were checks t-siied lor debts contract ed 1157 29 For debts contracted after the Ist April 1873 1371 CO 2,411 St) During 1854 checks were issu ed tor i'etits co.'iStacted prior to A prill 1853 213 29 , And ior iletits coutracted after A pril 1 1833 2133 12 2445 10 9714) 83 Amt. of money paid by Trea-u --rt-r during year '53 3531 59 Airit. of money paid by Treasu rei dining year 'sl 3139 4fi iArnf. ol'Trioney retrainias in the p hands #f collectors on the Ist 1 January '53 27GJ 31 Amount due by individuals for grain, vegetables, &c. on the Ist January '55 421 48 9817 St Balance in tavor of Poor House 112 01 We the undersigned Directors of the Poor an'! hoiM of Employment of Bedford county do certify ;hat ar . have examined the annexed account, statement .r ! report of J W Lingenl'elter Steward of said Poor ai-l House ol Employment for the var ending .firnimrv I, '5.7 and find them cor rect. Witness onr bunds ait! seals this 2J day of January 1855. Sanitm! Whetstone fSeal.J John Cortev, jSeal.j G. D. 'front, [Seal.] We the undersigned Directors ,*rf tiie Fcof and home of Employment hare not published the names of in- I dividuals wlio are indebted and have unsettled ac | counts upon the hooks of said Poor apd House of | ployment a- formerly; but those having r.u-ettW account- will pfev-e call and have them settled im mediately, as it is important To hate all afcouni settied before the term of the pre-etit Steward• pires. Inmi-itiaie attention to tbu notice will sa*' tiouble and costs. John Cor Fey [Seal.! G. D. Trout [Sea!.] March IG, 1555. _ -V,. STATEMENT Of tfu* fieceipts and Expenditures o! the Chanihersliuig and Bed lord Turnpike Coin;*3y from thu Ist day of January, 1854, to the Id day of Jxmiarv, 1855. DR. To amount of tolls received at Cham be rsburg, Stage Tolls, tiJJ Tolls received t]t McC'onnellsburg, J- s - " " Bedford, '2,0-lS 18 CR. Bv amount ot payments at ? Chambersbfirg, $1,747 01 McGounellsburg, 840 08 ; 'tevdiord, 1,059 G3 Managers' Salaries, 500 00 .Treasurer''and Secretary, 100 00 Balance in Treasury 2,048 35 . 07 H J. X. McLANAHA.N, I'resiJenl. HH G. R. Missersinith, Treasurer. March HL 1855. SHERIFF S SALE. By virtue of a writ of Fi. Fa. to me directedtbee ■ will be sold at public sale at 'he house N Fluck ir the town of W'oodberry on Saturday the 1 '• day of March 1853 at 10 o'clock A M the followiG | Real Estate, viz:—One Lot ol ground in the > BH W'oodberry fronting 6G feet on Fattonsville I Wooodherry turnpike road and extendiiig back a. o ■■ 196 feet and adjoining lots of George R Barndoha ■> j the west and alley on the north and other-. wl ' ■ .two story brick house one two .-Tory frame be** ■ ! waslr house and tiame stable thereon erected; fl " ,J \ I iin Middle Wood berry township, Bedford <-onnt)'i f |' I I taken in execution as the property of David Ed*' 3' Kg HUGH "MOORE, Sheriff. g March 16, 1855. ATTEM'IOX ItIFLEME-V. I Vou an.*-, hereby notified to convene " H I Court Hooje on Saturday 1 Tth of this ■ | I 0 o'lock, A. M. . As the Brigade I will be prejk'nt toorganize the Conijtany,l attendance is required of every tncnibcf- ■ order of the Captaiu. ~ JOS. REED, 0. 4- H March 9, 1555.

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