Washington, Doc. 31. An yet it cannot be sold Uiot Congress has loito much. It is understood that llic President lins been sick nil tho session, thus far. Jlut lliia fact lina excited very littlo enrinsily or inquiry. Indeed, thu "greatest ond beet" scents very much to have faded away from men's mind?. Nor tfoMlfio licir-ofthn Wliilc House loavo any stronger imprcss-iim amongst observers, than be lias dnvo dttriag liis Vicc.Prcsi doutsbip. in truth, there is nothing about him to .produce a rtrong impression. He 8 eagerly watched by all the adventurer vd mercenaries: I bo Swisa of Rtato do tun reverence: but beyond this, there is perfect calm. I am told by South-Caro-lina gentlemen, that Mr Van Burcn could iot bivo obtained five tbouiand votei in that state, if the choice of olectora bad been submitted to the people. It may then be considered as certain, that tho majority of titc voters in the country arc against Mr Van Hutcn. I bcliove this fact is very ' generally admitted. Tho reason why Mr. , Van Burcn obtained tho support of tho eouth at all, is attributed, with one consent to his famous casting vote and to his writ ten pledges upon the question of slavery in the District of Columbia. You recollect his plan of operations the ground work of iti-"to fall in with southern measures & to carry tho north by patty-machinery." It is a dastardly maxim. As to the doings of Congress, tScro is but littlo to be said. The searching ope ration, proposed by Wise, yet awaits the assscnt of the House. Peyton of Tcnncs eco made a very caustic speech upon Wise's resolution, which has been very well reported in the Intclligoncor. Pey ton is a vcay bold and intrepid debator. His invective is extremely powerful. He despatched aome most effective shots in his late speech, at Dutce J. Pcarce. General Ripley of Louisiana made a very singular speech against Wise's resolution, ho took the ground, that the appointment of a com mittce to investigate the Executive De partmcnts would be a reflection upon General Jackson. He said that the Gen eral had done ns much for the country as Washington, Jefferson, and Madison, combined; and it would be cruel to rebuko him, by aiming n slmft at his executive lnrolinnf." Tho wliolo tono of tho spcoch was sycophantic and unmanly. Think of General Jackson being spoken of as a man "of delicate bearing" and his alleged oloc lioncering in Tcnncssco, being, for this roa son. declared, inconsistent with such a char acter. If Gonoral Ripley was oyer a man of power, his power has become wonderfully rr'iDDlod. Both Houses have boon glancing at tho tariff. Some of Mr. Van Duron's filo-lcadors, Cambreling, Vanderpocl, Mann, Sic. scorn to bo ready for a blow up. Vanderpocl swelled more than common upon this topic : I would not undertake to givo you any specimen of his "big and burly way of nonsense." After having votsd, at llio last session, for tho most oxtravegant appropriations to tli6 amount of about forty millioroi liolo nun sadcuiuljr unxious to rcduco every thing down to the merest wants of tho Government; and tho cuttm" up of tho tariff seems to him to bo i ho very way to get at this result. Howover, Pennsylvania began to brisllo and show light; and this has staggered tho echomors. Thcro has been no recent discussion of tho project for a second distribution of tho surplus revenue Tho Dill has been reported by tho Fi. nance Com. of tho Senate, to whom it was referred, with a recommendation, that it bo rojectcd. Its fato is uncertain- Tho schemo amon"st the experimenters now seems to bp, to bring in a Bill to stop tho sales of public lands, except to actual hitlers. Tboy count upon this as a grand contti vanco to prevent an accumulation of revonuc. Tho thing itself is lory well. I wish tho object could bo ac coniplishcd. But how is it to bo brought about ? How will you prevent sales to others? Such a law would bo very much like tho old sumptuary laws. Nothing would bo easier than to evade it. Look at tho treasury order whv, a single keg of specie is said to havo nKied a thousand times botween tho pel bank here and the Treasury, since the issuing of that order, i no iruin ib unu every uny vhows that truth the more clearly, Mr. Clay's Land Bill is tho only teasioio romody; and oveiy body hero feels it to bo so ; but too ma im are afraid to avow it beyond a whippet. 1 learn from various sources, that thcro is L'reat and increasing distress in tho western Snnntrv. Tho mad speculations which havo overrun that wliolo region aro beginning to uinik their rouuUr courco. Tho distcmpor will be inflamed by tho currency tinkers, as long asthepeoplo aro contented to prefur Hnmaponucsiand "hirelings rather than the experienced and patriotic, and discreet. 1 verily believe however, that tho tacooflhcs Minmnrs is nearly run and that a total fuil- uio will soon stand confessed, maugrc all the altompts to stavo it off. Washington, Jan. 3. Mr. Wuc'i resolution, proposing an ex amination into tho state of tho several de partments, with the while washing amend ment of Mr. Pearco of Rhode Island was then taken up. JMV. Pickens, of South Carolina, occupied tbo floor for more than an hour against tho amendment, and in favor of the original motion. Ho spokp in a strain of eloquence and bold denunciation, never surpassed in Congress. He pronounced the administra tion of Gen. Jackson prnflgate and, corrupt to the core, He asserted, that the Prce ident had not only named his successor, but that be had by corrupt means secured his election: that he was an usurpor ; that CnnrrrPHB for several years past were do graded, to the mere Registers of the will unu the edicts oi an usurper, no cumpar cd tho "crcatcst and the best" to Croin well. He said that ho knew there were gentlemen who talked about judging of the next administration, by its moasuros, but that they werotuitora to tho true interests of the South; that his doctrine in reference to that administration, was "war to tho knife, and the knife to the hilt." Mr, Pickens has made no proiiouo display of tal. entor elocution, that will cotnparo with that of 1Mb day. Mr. Dunlap of Tennessee, ro0 and said that he fell himself colled upon to defend tho I'rcsiueni against mu tiuiuiu assault that had been mado upon him ; that Gen. Jackson had been charged with interferon. with the elections, that this was not true, and that the President had authorized him so to state. Mr. Vickent. Do 1 hr.derstand tho gen tlcinan to tsny, that I havo misrepresented the fact ? Mr. Dwitap. I said, and wished to bo understood ns haying Hint the information which the guntleVtinn from South Carolina, (.Mr Pickens, had rccuivrd. in reference to Gen. Jnikmm wishing Judge While to serve as Vice President was incorrect, and that tho President had authorised mo to to state, and not that the geutloman had mis. represented any thing. Mr. Dunlap then roferrcd to various remark. made by his colleague, (Mr. Peyton,) and upon which much of l ho speech of the gentleman from South Carolina was based; and staled that certain portions of thoso remarks were in correct, and particularly mentioned two or three instances, adding, that ho was author ised to maku tins Blatemciit by tho Presi dent. Mr. Peyton. As my colleague, (Mr. Dunlap,) has thought proper to volunteer as a witness in behalf of tho President, I claim the right of examining tho witness on the Eland. After some preliminary re marks, Mr. Pcytcu addressed himself to Mr. Dunlap, and asked- When, Sir, did tho President authorize you to niako this denial. Mr. Dunlap. I am not to bo catechised by my colleague, but I have no objection to answor the enquiry. After the gentleman, (Mr. Peyton, had mnde his speech, detail ing tho remarks said to have been used by Gen. Jackson, I called to fco tho Presi dent, and ho commenced a conversation re spotting the injustico of many ofthecharg. Ob made against him,nnd mentioned partic ularly somcof those made by his collcuguo, (Mr. Peyton.) on tho Hour of tho House. Mr. Peyton. That'a enough, Sir, I have long known, Mr. Speaker, that there wore in this House, cve'd droppers ; pen ny letter carriers, that ran tu the Palace and detailed all that was said or dono here; that by such means the President was fre quently excited into violent paroxisms of rogc. But, Sir, it, would seem that tho gentleman, is only authorized to deny o very small part of the statements mado by me, and the inference is, that he admits all the rest to be true. It is impossible at this late hour to givo you even a sketch of this withering speech. Its effect was tremen dous. Peyton's manner always dignified, was never more commanding. Mr. Dunlap made a few oliscr vat ions rather explanatory than otherwise, and in very moderate term?, and there was nothing in them of a recriminating character. Mn. rnEvious Question Cushman.--The Spy in Washington relates the fol lowing ludicrous incident which uccurcd in tho Houso of Represent ntivu& a few days since. Tho resolution of Mr Gar land, calling upon the Secretary of the Treasury for certain information, relative to the dividends of the depositc banks be ing in order, an amendment was ottered by Mi Harlan, of Kentucky, requiring infor mation also, in regatd to tho ngent em ployed by those banks at Washington.- Some wag among the Van Burcn conser vative party, passed I lie word to air Cum man, of New Hampshire do vqur duti; " no unucrsioQu wiu mm, unu up u '"'' As soon as he was on his feet, whispers (rather loud) passed from one end of the Indies' gallery to tne tuner- -"inai i jvr. Previous Question; Hint's Mr. Previous Question." Whilo this important piece of intelligence was yet in rapid circulation, tho genllem.in from New Hampshire bawl, ed aloud "Mr Speaker, I move the ire vious question :" whereupon, one. simulta neous and universal roar ol laughter loud and long, echoed and re-echoed, through the splendid hall and its spacious galleries. A a llm mntiiin wni nnt mniln ' lilt n nt tiririt l' no iiivi... .......... "J -..... ..j , it was of course rejected, MESSRS. CALHOUN AND WRIGHT. Mr Wriaht ol New York, who is regar ded as tho confidential ogcnl of the Vico President, is Chairman of the Committee on Finance, to which Mr Callioun'a bill in regard to the surplus revenue of tho nexi year, was some days ogo referred by the t 10 castinc vote of Mr Van Burcn. The com mittoo has reported against tho bill, with out civincr any reasons whatever for their report!! uy rolernng in tne proceedings of the Senate on Wednesday list, tne rea der will sec that Mr Calhoun called upon hint in his place to account for a course of conduct so extraordinary and u nusnal. To this call the Senatcr seemed to take urn bragc, and refused, in rather an uiicour tcous manner, to give any reply. The fact is worthy of remark. Let the reader bear in mind the follow ing fact. Tho depositc bill, as a temporary measure, has received the universal appro bation of tho people, without respect to parties. Its policy lias received tho sanc tion of every Legislature which has enn vencd Finca its passage. Mr Ualboun proposed to extend tho provisions of that bill so as to embrace t no surplus revenues of the next year, if there should be uny. This proposition was referred, against all previous usages, a a committee, tho majority of whose members voted against the deposue bill ut the last session. This was dune by the casting vote of Mr Van Burcn. The committee roport against tho bill, without assigning any reason, and the chairman when called upon, refuses to give any'. Washington Telegraph. FOREIGN ITEMS. Spain. Cadrz Nov. 27. "Tho ormy of Gomez, the Carlist Genoral, which had boon ravaninof the province of Andalusia forl)uco months, and baffling 'all tho troops of tho Queen, by which it had been con stantly surrounded, was at Jongth destroyed in a uauic near nicuina viuoma, almost within sight of Cadcz. Gomez had made an unsuccessful attempt to retire to the Tagus, but was prevented by the presence ol'Rodil, the minister of war, with a large force interposing. Rodil was recalled to Madrid to answer fur misconduct in not bringing Gomez to action. Princo Louis Bonaparte wosin May next to have married Princess Mathilda dc Montforl, his cousin, and daughter of King Jerome. A Dutch newspaper pretends that tho ox-King of Westphalia was lately heard to say at Stutgard, that his daughter, Princess Mathilda, might some day or ut h er become Empress of tho French. The same Princo pretends that his son lias a vmy fair prospect of ono day becoming King ol England. Tho fact is, young Princo Jeromo dc Montforl is, ns Goldsmith said, a cousin forty degrees removed, ol tho reigning family in England. Princo Puckler Muskau has just taken up his residence in the Island ol tthicn , the native country of Ulysses. He has pur chased some hundred acres of land in this island, and ha? procured laborers from Ger many, for the purpose of cultivating them. Hold project for a Throne. A company is forming in London, tho object of which is to fish up, by moans of diving bells, the throne of pure gold of the Incns, which the Peruvians threw into the mineral waters of tho Coxamorcar, on the approach of the Spaniards. Tho various attempts of the Spaniards to obtain this envied treasure have been ineffectual Mn. FonnKST. Forrest's success has been unprecedented. When I Inst wrote ho had only appeared as Spartncus.and I doubted to confess llio truth, whether he had mind enough to play moro intollcetual charac tcrs. Clmrlcs Koan led me into a mistako, by speaking of Forrest at-'a giant ono who could throw n man across the stage" and I was led to think that he had more muscle than genius. But his Othello is considered llio finest that was ever wit nessed on tho British stage. The Athene mn, (no moan authority.) plucce it far above Kuan's, (I mean the "Koan, not tho boy , imitator.) and the Atlas, fastidious to a fault in dramatics and letters, 6ays, "If we observe that, since the days ol Koan, we havo had no actor capable of approaching his excellence, and that in many parts Mr. Forrest was equal, nud in some few supe rior to that great tragedian, wo t-hull have die-charged all we desire to say on that point." He then goes on into an analysis of Forrest's acting, which I subjoin, in the hope that you may mako room for it: "Mr Forrest's voice, action and figure, admira bly adapted him for tho part of Othello, which he performed throughout with great dignity of , manner and depth of feeling. Having formed somo'6liglit conjectures as to Mr Forrest's merit from his performance of tho Gladiator, wo confess wo were un prepared to expect so much truth, earnest ness, and power in his delineation of one of Shakspcar's greatest conceptions. He has evidently studied his original with a critical and searching mind, and not con tenting himself with points, lie has master ed the character. In the address to the Senate ho gave two new readings of great propriety, and which may ho considered n decided improvement upon the way in which the lines aro ordinarially delivered. For example: Rudo am I in my speech, And little blessed with I lie set phrase of peace, l-'or since these arms of mine had seven jcras pith, Till now some nine moons wasted, ttiey have used Their dearest anion in the tented field, And littlo of tliis great world can I speak, Alore than pertains to feats of broil and battle; And therefore tittle shall I grace my cause, In speaking for myself. We do not recollect an instance where this was not rend The other rending was of still gtoir importance; it is in that passngo whom he describes the nnxicty with which Desde mnnn used to listen to hi? recitals. She'd comi again, and uiih a greedy c.tr, Devour up my discourse: which 1 observing, Took once u pliant hour, anil luiiml good.mtMns To draw from Iter a prayer of Ciunesi hojrt, ic. The application of this emphasis to the charge brought against Othello by Braban tio of having employed mngic nrt is obvious, and Mr Forrest's manner of revealing it considerably enhanced its effect. Tho firH scene between Othello and lago was played by Mr. Forrest in n subdued tono, to which our actors havo nut accustomed us. Slow to suspect, Othello hovers over the abyss before ho takes the fatal plunge. Mr For rest embodied this view of llio opening of the temptation with great skill. Through tho terrible scenes that follow he rose to a height of grandeur which places him at the head of living actors in England. In one particular passage he drew down nil expression of admiration, 6uch as wc have seldom before witnessed in a London thea tre. The passage to which wc allude is that beginning, or rather ending, with liiui r.niicr oca toail, And live upon the vapour of a dungeon, &u. The look of ghastly horror with which tho utterance of this passugc was accom panied, clectnlieil the audience, who rising n nli parts ot the house, continued lor several minutes to greet the ncrfornicr with most enthusiastic applause. Air v orroit has had tho good tnsto in, wo believe, worn than ono instance to re store parts of the original text left out in tin) nctcd copies. In tho following parage occuring in the 4th accn of the 3d act; whore Othello declares himself del crimed upon vengeance, the lines in italics are re stored by Mr Forrest. lago. l'niicncc, I s:iy, your mind, pcili-ips, may cnange. Olh. Never, Ingo.ifcc to the Pontick sea, Whose ice current anil compulsive course Ne'er feels retiring ebb, but keeps due on To th propontick aml the'llclltinaint: Even so my bloody thoughts, with violant hast Shall neer look back, ne'er tbb to humble love, J in mat a capaoie ana untie revenge Swallow them up. Those lines were delivered with extraordi nary vehemence nnd rnpidity, tlio actor embodying that imago of impulsive courso in Ins action and articulation, Mr Forrest introduced on innovation in the last scene of which we cannot altogether approve, al though its immediate effect is probobly sirtKiug ami impressive; uisicnu oi outer ing tho chamber of Dcsdcmona with tin light in his hand, he is discovered at an open casement, as if he had chosen that spot to ruminate upon the murder he was about tu commit." In fact, Forrest has made a great hit. Tho audience- did not much like tho Gladiator, and, on tho first night ho appeared, bawled out "Wo mu see you in Shakspcaru's plays." They have seen him and tho houso is moro crowded than it was when Edmund Koan first drew the town after him. He has offers of any sums from various country managers, Correspondent of the JV. Y. E. Star, Tho society of apothecaries in London examined lost year five hundred fifty-six persons for the medical profession. The number of pupils rcgUtcrcd in the London and provincial schools was 90'i. What is the world coming to ? DOMESTIC. Av.w.anche at Tnov. Houses Dk STnoYED, and Ltvus Lost. An avalanche of clay and earth fell from a hill in tho cast section of the city of Troy (N. Y.) on Sunday week about 7 o'c'ock, at an eminence of 500 feet, to tho level land, and then continued, from tho impulse it received, to the distance of about GOO feet, covering up acres of ground, Accompanied with a cataract of water and sand, which kept up a terrible roar- Tho mass moved along with great rapidity, carrying with it two stables and three dwelling houses, and crushing litem and their contents into thousands of pieces. The stables and hor ses were moved to a distance of over 200 feet. The three dwelling houses destroy ed were occupied by Mr John Grace, Mrs Lcavciisworth, and Mrs Warner; tho last was fortunately vacant at the time of the calamity. In Grace's houso was himself and wife, and a littlo boy; the two former were extricated from tho ruins dead, and tho boy was taken out ulivc, very little hurt, but tho building was shattered in a thousand pieces ' ' There were four of Mrs. Lcavcnsworth's family in her house herself and three chil- ..-.i i :i i l i . I drcn. 1 wo ot the children wcru tu bed at I the time, and probably asleep, and were afterwards taken from the midst of the wreck dend, crushed almost to a jelly, and were undoubtedly thrown instantly from a natural sleep into a sleep of death. Mrs Lcivonaworth was taken out shockingly bruised. Fortunately three of the family were at church at the time and escaped awful deaths. The stables, in which were Z2 horsed, were all carried along with the mass together with nine or ten dirt carts. Six horBos wcro taken from tho ruins alive the other sixteen were killed. The body of a person was found, unuic un known, which makes in all five dead bodies taken from the ruins. SHIPWRECK-10D LIVES LOST. The New York papers bring us the dis , trcssing intelligence of the shipwreck of the barque Mexico of Portland un Hempstead bar, one quarter of a mile from the shore, with the loss of one hundred and eight per sons. Wc lake the following particulars from the Courier & Enquirer, which de rived its information from the Captain of the vcesol, who was one of the few saved. The Barque Mexico, ('opt. Winslow, sailed from Liverpool on the 25th October Inst, having un board a crew consisting of twelve men u..u i.,..ir,i ni four pa8 scngcrs, in all one hundred and sixteen feouls. She made the Highland lights on Sat unlay night last nt II o'clock and on Sunday morning was oil' the bar, with thir I ty or more square rigged vessel), all having signals flying for pilots but not a pilot was there in sight. The Mexico continued standing off and on the Hnuk till midnight, nud at dark she and the whole fleet of ships displayed hintcrna from the yards for pilm.-. Still no pilot came. Al midnight the wind increased to n violent gale from the north, west, the Barque was no longer nblo to hold to windward and was blown off a distance of tome 50 miles. At this timo, six of the crew wcro badly frost bitten, and the cop- urn, male, and two seamen wcro ail that were left able to hand and reef the bails. On Monday morning at II o'clock, standing in shore, they made tho southern end of the woodlands, when she was wore round and headed to the north, under a close reefed main top-sail, reefed fore-sail, ln reefed try-sail, and fore stay-sail. Al 4 o'clock the next morning, the male took a cast of the lead and reported to Capt. Winslow that he had fifteen fathoms water, Sup posing from the soundings, as laid down on tho chart, that with this depth of water, he could still stand on two hours lunger with safety the Captain gavo orders tu t tint i;f. feet, and was the moro induced to do it, as the crew were in so disabled a slate and the weather so intensely cold, that it was im possible for any one to remain oh deck Ion gcr than half nn hour at a time. The event has shown that tho information given by the male, as to tlio depth ot water was incorrect, iih error probably arose from the lead line being frozen sliffat tho time it was cast. Fifteen minutes afterwards the ship struck the bottom, twenty-six miles east of bandy Hook at llemp.-tead beach, and not mora than a cnblu's length Irom tho shore. The scene that ensued on board, wc leave to tho reader's imagination. For one hour and three quarters she continued thumping heavily without making any water, tho sea however breaking continually over her. Her rudder was now knocked off, and the Captain ordered the mainmast to be cut away. The boats wcro then cleared, the long boat hoisted out, and veered away un dur her hows with a stout hawser, for the nttrposo of filling it with passengers, letting it drift within reach of the people who crowded tlio beach, then hauling her bock again, and thus saving tho unlortunatc pco pic on bourd, but this intention was frustra led by tho parting of tho hawser, which snapped liko n thread as soon as the boat was exposed to the heaving surf. The yawl was next got nlogsidc, ond 6tovc to pieces almost in-tauily. At 7 o'clock tho some morning, the ship bilged, nnd filled with water. Orders followed from the captain to cut away the lorcmast ; and that evory soul on board should come nn deck In inexpressible agony they thus remained until 4 o'clock in tho afternnoon, when a boat was launched from the beach, and sue ceeded in getting under the bowsprit of the wreck. This boat took otrUant. Winslow and 7 men, and succeeded in reaching the shore with them in safely. Tho attempt however was attended with such imminent danger, that nono could bo induced to re peal it. And now, tho horrors of tho scene worn indcscribnhln. Alrunriv had tho iilf- foritigs of the unhappy beings been such as to nirpaea belief. From tho moment of the disaster, they had hung round the Cap tain, covered with their blankets thick act with tee, imploring Iria assistance and ask ing if hope was still left to them. When they petceived that no further help came from tho land, their piercing shrieks were distinctly henrd at n considerable distance, and continued through tho night until they ono by ono perished. The next morning the bodies of many of tho unhappy crea tures wcro sccn'lashcd to different parts of tho wreck, embedded in ico. None, it is believed, were drowned, but all frozen to death. Of the one hundred nndfoui passengers, two thirds were women and children. It is but justico to tho peoplo on shore, to aay that every thing which human boings could accomplish to rave tho unfortunates, waa done that their means permitted. The only boat which boarded the vessel was hauled a distance often miles and was man ned by an old man and six others, four or five of whom were the old man's sons and grand sons. Fur thirty five years has he been living on tho sea-shore, during which he has rendered assistance to numerous wrecks, and never before, have ho or his comrades shrunk from the eurf ; but in ad dition to its violence on tho present occa sion, such was tho extreme cold, that a sec. nnd attempt to rescue was more than they dared venture; it would havo inevitably proved fata) to them.' . 1. 1. . i. . Aiiotiiu. WmcK Tlin Rrhisli shin Tarn- c Mno irom Liverpool lor iui i"i ,:n. . .i . a ,.,!, l yeawsroay morning, near Uro lsianu, i,. i. It is soma consolation, however, tontato that were no lives lost, tho passccngcrs and crow ( upwards of ono hundred) having all succeeded in lauuiiiK in naiuiy "un 1110 excopuun oi an infant which perished from exposure to tho cold.-JV. Y. Paper. Expansive power or Watkii in i-rek zino. A remarkable cvidenco of the ex pansive power of water during the process of congelation, was lately afforded in Cin cinnati. We learn from the Whig of that city, that a large iron anvil, weighing up wards of three tons, was left lying ncor the door of tho iron foundry of Mefsrs. Harkncss, Vorhces & Co. exposed to the weather. It was pcrfecly Foliil and pound, with the exception of a very narrow fis sure in tho centre of one sid), about five inches in length, and reaching in to near the same depth, during the recent rain this crevice became filled with water, hold ing, perhaps, not more thnu n half a gill. During the- severe cold of the night of the 20th tilt, tliia water became IV' zen, nud its expansive force during the process com pletely scicrcd this huge mass of iron in to two parts! A more striking instance of the tremendous power thus exerted by wa ter has, perhaps, rarely if ever occurred. A FAin Hit. The following "broad hint" to the "young gentlemen" of Alex andria, is contained in a late number of the Alexandria Gazette. The hint may servp a more extended purpose, if the same de gree of "kindness" exists elsewhere : A Cum Thn lmloof Alexandria bee leave to apologiz! lo the young gentlemen for having so long ncglectt'd noticing their kindupss in remaining without the bcvurnl churches before and after the service; to assist (should it b.o necessary) to pick up gloves, handkerchief, &c. or to not ice any circumstance calculated to amuse them. Not wishing to burden the goui lemon too much we propose that a coiuiiiitte be appointed from llio il liferent Churches to attend tu ilib limine.-.--. Therefore wo hall consider those who hcrciflcr remain about the doors, appointed U, that unenvi able situation, A Revolution in Naval w.wii'.wik. A correspondent of I he National Intelli gencer alludes in the following positive manner, to.au rxirnordiiinry invntion of wnicn wo had already henrd some vague rumors : "It is very probable that it will not be long beibro the wholo sysirm of naval wnr faro will be changed. The ingenious R. L. Stevens of Hohoken, has invented a shot which is hollow, and is filled with some kind nf fulminating powder, which is ignited by the compression of air when it strikes the sides of a vessel, nud on its ex. plosion, as has been proved by experiment, will tear all to atoms ! Tins :ysieui, when perlcctcd, will supercede the u-u of liret rate men ol war; tor two shots Irom n sloop of war would ns easily destroy n 100 gun ship ns a gun boat, Sloops ul war would, therefore, be the cla.s ol vessel.- most required ; nnd our waters are suffi ciently deep for this purpose." A sew Motive Poweh. We learn from the Saratoga Sentinel, that Mo.-srs. Dnven port and cook of that village after three years study nnd attention hove perfected an Electro Magnetic Engine, consisting ol ''a stationary magnetic circle, formed of disconnected segments, These segments aro permanently charged magnets, the re pelling polos of which aro placed contigu ous lo each other, Within tho circle stands tho motive wheel, having proicc ting galvanic magnets, which revolve as near I be circle as they can bo brought without 'actual contact. Tho galvanic magnets are -charged by a battery, and when so charged, magnetic attraction and repulsion are both brought into requisition in giving motion to the wheel tho poles r . i. i . . - . ui mu gnivaiuc magiicis ueiug cuangou more man a tiinusaiui times per minute. A model in which tho motive wheel wa 5i inches diameter, . elevated a weight of twelve pounds. Another model was oxhib itcd with a motive wheel of eleven inches diameter, which olevatcd o weight of eigh ty poionas. Several individuals, agents nf Messrs Davenport and Cook, aro about departing with models to secure lettors patent in the different countries of Europe and South America'" Alb. paper, New EiiiMion. -We havo an omission of bits from Canada, payable one year after date; anotherfrom tha samo source, said lo be secured by real estate ; another from a land company another Irom an Agricultural Bank, lie fcc. On our own sidooftho river we have cheeks of individuals on tho Sacketts Haiborbank, having to much tho appearance of tho bills of that bank, as lo bo frequently lakon for thorn by farinora and others. The bills of tho regular banks of Canada aro bad enough jiwill conscionco, when llioy i-un lo. gaily rodoom a doll with 08 conls in silver but as if no sallsfiod thoy havo now com mencou a now system ol coming Yorkshiro over brothor.Jonathan. Thoy havo now com menced an experiment upon our gullibility and tho wliolo country is to bn flooded by rags covered all ovor with tho words " Inter est , " Secured by real tslale , " Personal liability," &c&c.in staring capitals, and sign ed by Tom Nokcs and Littlu John or r-omo other oqually responsible personage Og dentburgh paper, Genoral Santa Anna has boon travelling through some of tho Western Stales on his way to Washington. Ho has in goncral been well received oxcept at I.ouisvillo, whero ho was i toned by a young man, who had a. brother in Texas. Santa Anna is said to bo afino looking intolligunl soldier, with a good bead and a military, lofty bearing. Ho speaks no other language than Spanish. His Secretary, Colonul Almonto is described as quite an accomplished and attractive person, speaking English with fluoncy and fond of American society in which ho exerts himself to ploaso, and with success. They will bo docidcd lions when they reach Washington! Tho idea however, that Santa Anna can make a treaty which shall bo binding upon Mexico is utterly uiilcnabIo.--.46imy Daily Adver tiser. V III D A Y M O It N I N G, JANUARY 13. OUIt OWN AFFAIRS. Justice to ourselves, to theso to whom we arc indubtod, and to mtr patrons themselves, requires us In mako an immcdiato collodion of all debts duo this office. It is now nearly ten years since llio establishment of this paper, and some of our subscribers aro indebted to us for nearly or quilo tho wliolo period others in a less amount whilo not a few havo promptly paid, as well as patronixed us--to whom be honor and praiso. Tho timo has howover come, when we must insist upon, and enforce if needs bo, tho FCtllcmcnt of all accounts of one year moro's standing. Thoso tesiding in Chittenden County aro expected to settle their accounts at tho office; others, will havo their bills forwarded in a few days, and wo confidently expect they will lose no time sending us the amount. Mr. Pevtun. Tho resolution nf Mr. Wise, proposing an investigation into tho condition ol the several departments, is still under discussion in the House, whoro it will undoubtedly be scotched. An in vestigation will not be permitted by tho powers that be. , The subject is however fearlessly preyed by those who 'seek for investigation, and dodged as well as may be by those who fear it. The bold denun ciatiotin of Mr. Wist; brought Mr. Pierce of It. I. upon his feet in vindication of the administration. He entrenched himself behind Gen. Jnck.-on proclaimed this and all other insinuations as to the condition nf llio department, a virtual iiiipencliuH nt of the "Hero ofN. Orleans," anil called upon the parly totally in defence of their chief. Next came .Mr. lY-jt.in, who, in n sjicccti of an hour, pre-seil the subject Inum; upon thu tr-tasury leeches In a wiiv to make it ft It. Mr. P. is one of the ablest u in the Hipti-e. and no man better knows how to pjini mu iirrow, or tend tl home, u.-uallv eloquent and impressive, he i cc-i.-ionally indulges in a st ruin of hitler sarcasm which scorches it nil withers every thing iipnn which it (alls. As an illvslratiuii take tlm illowtng sketch oft he family group. Thu cntieman from II. Inland has been quiet ver since. "Hut thu sriitl.-itMii from Rhode isl.iud c;ilM upon no to i.ihc 'tin; unu Uv the lioin.",' Mo nunc mi iinpciirliinpnt ii;;;iin.t llie I'irdidrnt ut once' nijs ih-il lie is iiri-iitmiiililu fur the ticls of his mfnisieis, mid any iitinck iip-m ihcm is in cflect an iiiipc-irhnient of tlir-m, This ij strange doctrine tome, sir. We u Uh tr i(ip these i:.(les, and drag them Wealing its thry go from the I'rcasnrv, for niry imvu ui-i-ii mi'Mii uio ion unciulj; mid tlm aoni leniiiii s;i)s no, Make the hull by i lie horns.1 Move mi unptMi-liiiient against the nexiilcnt, in dped ! He iirroiinlalile, criminally iiccoiiiitablo fur llu- wain f integrity on the p irt of his mini-trrs! vim mi-it-rn -my iiiing iiiuie inipiiiient tli-tn this? IteriitHe (ipm-ial Jarksnn is a p.ilrioi,ilie-i ii fullmv ih.it UhiIh-ii M. tVhiinrv ij uny thing Imi u,i(l lilt! Hllll-I kllOHS llllll III 1)0 J ltoiMtl-H (Ipnfllll J .K.Usiiii M .10 llOlllMI llllll, llllP-l it fol low lll.lt Amos Kendall and all llio nlht-r 'hiicliiigs,' as ho calls thciii, aic lionesi loot This, sir, is the doc. trine uf tin! p.in llio ilopnino of those men into whose hands thcgoierni it of tlx- country has ftl- ten. .Sir, llio genilt'in-ui io.ilnn shiiftiiiig himself under the protcciing mantle of ihu I'li-nitlont, but displays the usual l.ict of tho p.uty tu which ho belongs. They mn all patriots if the i'resijent bo a patriot. Tliey arc all honest men, if i lie I'resi. dent be an honest in in. Thcro is no man amongst them who can slan t ono moment upon his own merits. No, sir, thry have rromlcd and huddled together under the maiilh) of CicnrralJackion, until that is not lire ul enough to rover them; ihey havo worn it tlucad harp, siretrhcd ami torn it into tat ters. You may occasionally get n glimpse of Van' bald pate popped out here, Amos' sharp face there, Felix's red eye yonder, Blair's shank al one place and Reuben's pockets tilled with Treasury leceipis ut another; mid now, sir. we havo the gen item an from Rhode Maud squealing around like an odd pig, for whom there in no teat, minting a place lo crawl in at. Now, sir. whit I wish i, 0 strip the Jackson mantle on" lliej-o gentlemen, ami let them stand up for iheimches. Every one knows that no gentleman up in this floor Iras any motive any wish to mako nn ismio with Oenpral Jackson; that he cannot he tho object of this resolution. His couno is ran. his day is past, his power is in other hands, mid wu with to hold thoso gentlemen accountable for llio manner in which they exercisa it. There has been no investigation inio the de partments, which we propose to cxatnino for the last eight year. We wish lo sec a settlement of their accounts ut the bar the Public, and the bal anco fairly struck between litem and llio People. Thoy may bo honest, very honest; if so it is due to themselves that l bey show it, It may be otherwise' and, In that event, it is due to the conntry dial w should have a committee ot the house to snow thai." Thb SuarLus.Tbo Socrotary of the Troas. ury sent to tho Houso on tho 3d instant, a communication relating to tho dlstribtion of tho surplus rovonuo among tho sovoral states, and stating tho amount to which each state is cntillod. Tho actual surplus in tho troas. ury on tho 1st of January excepting five millions was ,$37,'lf8,859 96 ; of which Ver mont is entitled to fjW.IIS 71.