Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 14, 1837, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 14, 1837 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OFCjESAR? BUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY H.B. STACY. FRIDAY, JUIiY 14, 1837. VOL. XI No. 525 COMMUNICATION, NO, lit. Rev. Btsnop Hopkins. Sin: Having, if I mistake not, shown Iho worse than weakness of your foundation in my last, it will be readily judged that it is not a diffi cult task to pulldown tliat which Blatids on nothing. As in ciscsof special pleading, bo in youre, something must bo said if it can bo, to mnko others believe that what you say is right, it being to the point or not. Your second objection is in proper keeping with your first, and naturally grows out of it. But if your first bo false, and that it is, few will deny, your seconu is false of course. It is tho following: "That it (the Temperance Society) opposes vice, and attempts to establish virtue in n manner which is not in accordance with the word of God, t. e. in opposition to God's word." Your proof is peculiar to your' elf-and if any of us in tho humbler walks of life had written the above objection, our tcniors would have requited us to tarry at Jericho until our beards were grown. The discrepancy between the gospel and the Temperance Society you affirm to be, that the latter begins with the conduct, while t lie gospel begins with the heart. Now fir, if this be the fact, we grant that it must be fatal to the Temperance Soci ety, but if tho reverse be the fact, it should be fatal to you as a doctor of theology. Where, I ask, doc3 the gospel begin alone with the heart, in reforming the sinner ? Tho first requirement of iho gospel is ihat we repent and bring forth fruit meet for Tcpcntancu Is repentance alone, the work of the heart? I had always supposed repentance to be tho turning away from arising from the conviction that it is wrong to sin. If so, the gospel begins with the undeManding, from thence to the conscience, then to our fears or dread, inducing us to fon-akesin because it is sin, and its conscqiK nces are destruction.. Now wherein dors the Temperance Soci ety differ from this? It commences by declaring that Intemperance is sin, just like the gospel. That it shnold bo avoided by repent ance. ceasing to do evil. That if persisted in, will ruin both soul and body forever. That there is no hope but entire reformation- That personal and relative consequences of fearful magnitude are pen. din"; and that immedivte effort is called lor. Do you sa this is beginning with the conduct? If so, the common sense ol the nation will contradict you if not what you have stated ob an objection is false. And sir, 1 challenge you to run a parallel of more perfect exactness, than that between tho gospel and the Temperance Society, in the establishment of virtue and tho re formation of Vice. Again, our position, will hold good if we advert to the principles on which the Tern, perence Society is founded. If our rea soning in thu last number be correct, the Society is based on religious principles. Now the principles of religion, like- their author from whom they rise, and to whom they bind us, arc immutable in their na turc, constant in their operation, and the same in their results. If so, as tho Tem perance Society is most demonstratively based on tho principle of christian virtue. This principle cannot prove rcuyant to it self and produce opposite results. There fore, as the audorily and the process arc the same, tho motions urged entirely alike end the results one, it is most occularly plain that the Temperance Society aims at nothing less or more than what Gcd has required in his gospel. After having thus disproved your objee (ion on the ground of principle, I think it proper to look after the proof which you Adduce in support of it. Your adroitness at quoting scripture is not very evident in the case before us, unless it bo laid that 'you were pledgod to prove this chain of propositions" that you had laid down and must therefore do the best you could. You have not quoted the words of our Saviour correctly, beside placing a forced construction upon what you have made up to suit your purpose. Do you 6ay that you have, brought forward the scntipieut of the Saviour. I answer far, very far from it Vou quotu what should have been the sen timcnt of Christ entirely different from his most obvious meaning, in reference to what enters into a man defiling him. The Sa viour spake this in reference to their eat ing with unwashed hands. Let us try your theology a little, "There is nothing" saith our Lord "that entering into a man can defile him." Ardent spirits entereth a man therefore ardent spirits do not defile him. Drinking ardent spirits cannot defile a man drunkcnneis ii the effect of drinking rdent spirit therefore drunkenness it not defiling. Do you say that tho Saviour tnent to excludes the drinking of ardent spirit in the sentiment you bavo brought forward then that part of your proof goes for nothing. If not, theh be it re membered that Jesus Christ and Bishop Hopkins arc apologists for drunkness. Where would you have us to consider you to stand on this point, as having written arrant nonsense, or of criminating the son God and representing yourself as abettors of the cause of drunkenness? Instead there, fore "of christians who understand this" following you in your hostility against the temperance reform, they will bo content in obeying God in this as well as other things in working out their solvation with fear and trembling. You assert that in direct opposition to gospel precepts, tho Temperance Society requires no repentance at all! Now sir, if to turn from Iho sin of Intemperance by the righteousness of Temperance, docs not include repentance, then what you state is correct; but the reverse entire is the fact and as the Temperance Society requires the most perfect and lasting repentance of all intemperance, what you state is palpably untrue. What is your assertion then less than a libel on the tcmpcranco cause? So strangely consistent is error when it is "pledged" to provo a proposition. In my next I will examine whether if tho Tem perance Society were to succeed it would be a triumph of infidelity. Yours &c. St. A , 1037. Vindex. THE HARVEST PROSPECT, Has brightened surprisingly whithin tho last six weeks, In the vallev of tho Mo hawk, through which we have recently passed, we never saw iho crops look more propitious to the Imocs of the farmer, than they now do, considering the backward ness of the season. The wheat there, stands pretty well, and were it not for ap prehensions from the grain worm, the prospect would be that of a good crop. Mony of our reapers abroad identify this insect with the hessian ily, and others with the wevil. It is neither. The hessian fly preys upon the slock of the wheat; the wevil upon the ripened grain, in tho barn or in the bin; t lie grain worm destroys the wheat in the germ or milk. The spring grain and grass look very well, where any attention has been given to draining; and even Indian corn, though got in laic, has come up well, and is of a good color. There has been an abundance ao rxcos of rain ; although "spring linger ed long in tho lap of winter," yet the warm weather in tho last of May and first of June has caused such a luxuriant growth that if the corning month is favorable, and the nipping frosts of autumn arc delayed, the corn crop will yet be a tolerable good one. The prospect of thu crops further west, we are happy to learn, is equally flattering. Abundant crops will do more to mitigate present evils, than a hundred banks. The truth is. that as a national family, we bought sixty.four millions of dollars more last year than we sold and the sixty four millions bnlanco must be paid before we nan havo easy times -mutt be paid from Hie profits of agriculture. Banks enrich individuals good crops the country the whole country. Then let us "speed the plough," and honor and in struct those who guide it. Cultivator. A SIGN OP THE TIMES. We had the curiosity to examine a descriptive list of a detachment of 200 re emits lately sent from New York to Fort Gibson, and subjoin a statement of their various trades and occupations. I'mnatny in no other detachment of a similar size has there been found so great a variety, and is one evidence of Iho enect or the present pressuro upon all classes of society. Man who have hitherto InoUcd upon Hie army as a dernier resort, nnw gladly embrace the profession of arms as a refuge from want. Blacksmiths, 5; bricklayers, 2; carpen ters. 10; cabinet and chair makers, 2; chan dlers, 2; clerks, 4; coopers, 2; coppersmiths 2; cordwamnrs, 10; cotton spinners, 2; fur murs. 11; hatters, 4; laborers, CO ; ma chinists, 3; porters, 2-, eadler and harness- maker, 1 ; sailors, 5; soldiers, 4 ; sinne tnasons, C; Inilors. II; waiters, 2; wee. vers. 9 ; wheelwrights, 2. Bookbinder, baker, bnot.tree maker, butcher, comb-maker, calico-printer, car ver, druggiit, engineer, gilder, gardener, grate-maker, iron-moulder, jcwoller, letter-cutter, mason, miller, millwright, miner, pedlar, plaMcrer, printer, sawyer, silverplatcr, spinner, shoe cutter, stone cutter, teacher, tinner, tcamstur, white smith, whip-maker, (one each.) United alales Army and Navy Chronicle. J Selection or Seeds. A Mr Samuel Garrison, of Kentucky, in an articlo writ. ten for the American Farmer, says, "Hav ing tor many years observed that some pumpkin, watermelon, and squash vines ton icn, iwcivc, ana even tit teen lect bo fore any fruit appeared, and that others would have fruit beloro they had run half that distance, 1 concluded that there was a natural reason for its being 60. I thoro. fore took a cucumber and split it length wise and sub. divided it into threo cnual parts across tho fruit, and kept tho seeds carefully apart. Those on the end near the vine 1 marked Unit seeds; tboso taken from tho centre, Middle seeds ; and those from the end on which tho bloom grew, Ton seedi. These I planted separately on new ground well manured. I carefully attended to threo hills from each part of the fruit divided as stated above, tho hills about twelve feet apart. All the plains were alike flourishing; the vines from the butt seeds ran from lour to aix feet before fruit appeared, and these were small with a neck. Tho vines rrnm the middlo 6eeus were from four to six foci before fruit np- dearcd ; tho vines were better, without a neck, and four fold. The vines from the top seed produced fruit, large, fine, and in abundance, and tho first fruit was on the third joint of the vine from the surface of the ground. I have continued to snvo seed from tho top or bloom end, and now have cucumbers on the first and second joints." SNAKE FIGHT. On Saturday last, Mr. John Foster, who resides near the Washington Print Works, in this town, discovered near his house n large black snake; ho seized a billet ol wood and pursued him some twenty yards, to near a small tree, when thu serpent turned, raised himself in an upright position, and prepared to act upon tho defensive. He throw the hillct of wond and missed him, whereupon hissnakeslnp enmo at linn full tilt, his mouth thrown open, and with his fiery eyes and forked tongue exhibiting all the venom of his species. Mr. F. seized n small sticK, and as he coma up made a pass at him, but ho dodged it and gave back. -This repeated sevoral limes, the snake all tho time with his eye steadily and piercingly fixed upon that of Mr. P. After some two minutes spent in this way thn enako suddenly vanished, "and," says he, "as quick as thought itself I beheld him upon the limb of a tree, about ten feet above my head, nnd in the very net of springing upon me." The distance from tho ground to the extremity of tho limb whero tho ser pent prepared for the leap, could not have been less than from 25 to 30 feet, and yet Mr F. had only lime to change tho direc tion of his own eyes cro they met the keen gaze of this serpent in his new position. tie then called to ins brother to bring In m a loaded gun, keeping his cyo upon the snako until he was shot dead. Uetoro they left tho rpnt a still larger one appeared, much more venomous than the first, being determined to revenge tho death of Ins mate. This one they also killed; she measured 5 feet 7 inches in length and 3 1-2 inches in diameter. The male was 5 feel 2 inches long, and 3 inches in diaine. ler. Nurlli River rimes. FAT ANIMALS AND LARGE CROPS. Tho profits of crops, as well as cattle, depend mainly upon tho return they make for the Tood and labor bestowed upon thptn. The man who grows a hundred bushels of corn, or makes a hundred pounds of meat, with tho sumo means and labor his neighbor expends to obtain fifty bushels or fifty pounds, has a manifest advantage; and while tho latter merely lives, tho form or, if prudent, must grow rich. He gains the entire value of the extra fifty bushels or fifty pounds. This disparity in the profits of agricultural labor ami expendi ture is not a visionary speculation it is matter offset, which is seer, verified in ol. most every town. We sco one farmer rniso BO bushels of corn on an acre ot land, with the same labor, but with more foresight in keeping his land in good tilth, and feed ing belter Ins crop, that. Ins neighbor em ploys upon a" acre, nnd who does not got 40 or even 30 bushels. 1 his difference results front tho manner of feeding and tending Iho crop. If the lariner.for the convenience of trans, porlation lo market, wishes lo convert his grain, and his forage, and his roots, and his apples, into beef and pork, what is his judicious courso of procooding ? Does he dole tnese oul to ins cattle and Ins Hogs in stinted parcels, just sufficient to sutam life or to keep them in ordinary plight ? No. He knows that a given quantity of food is necessary to keep ihom as they arc, and that the more beyond the given quail lily, which they can transform into meal, nnd the sooner they du it, tho greater the profit. To illustrate our remark; suppose a hog requires twenty fbushel of grain to keep him in plight for two years, and that he can munufnciure fifteen bushels of this grain nno pork in six months, if duly pre pared and.fed lo him. In the one case. the owner has hid lean hng at tho end of two years, for his twenty ushels of grain; in the other, ho lias converted hlteon bush els of this grain into pork into money at tho end of six months, saved tho keep of the hog lor eighteen months, and twico nr thrice turned his capital to profit. Tune is m on ey, in these asm all other thing ap pertaining to tho farm The proposition may bo thus stated that which w i 1 1 bare ly ketpa hog two years, will fallen turn well in stx months, niereiare, the soon er wo can convert our grain and forage into meat, with due regard to thchealth oft h animal, andthe truo economy of food, the greater will bn the profits which accrue The remark applies to milk as well as meat Theso facts leach us. to keep no more stock than we can keen well; and that, one am mat, kept well, is of more profit than tvio animals thai are but hat) Jed. If we apply these rules to our crops, they instruct us to till no more land than we can till well and to, plant and sow mi more than we can feed well for the fact must not be lust sight ol, that our crops, liko our cattle, live and fatten upon veget able matters. Ono hundred bushels ol corn, or four hundred bushels of potatoes. may bo grown upon four acres of land bad ly fed and badly tended; and this is prob ably about a fair overage of these crops; while the samo amount oi com ot potatoes may bo grown on one acre, if (ho crop is well led nnd tended, i no product being tho same from I ho ono ncro as from tin- four acres, and tho expense but a trifle, il any, more than ouo-quarter as much, it re sults, that if tho crop on the four acres pays for labor and charges, three-fourths of the crop on tho one acre in nclt gain to tin cultivator. Estimating Iho charges ot$'25 tho acre, the price of corn a1 Jl, and polu loos 25cts. tho woll cultivated aero afford- a profit, over and above tho charges, ol K75--while tho crop on tho four acres give not a cent of profit, but merely pays t'u' charges upon it. Though not in this degrc t, the tame disparity exists in all tho opera iions oi inifcoaiiury; anu mo primary cause of the difference consists in feeding woll.or lecdiug in.iiie crops, as well as tho cattle, which aro the source of the farmer's profit. Let Hi continue tho analogy a little far ther. Lvcry one knows that to have good cattle, it is nccessaiy not only to have an abundance of fond, but that much, in the economy ot the fattening proeefls.-depenils upon Having it ot suitable quality, and properly fed out. Tho grass should be swi.-ul and nutritions, the liny well cured, and the grain and roots broken or cooked. Tho man who should leave his caltlo food exposed to waste, till it had lost half ofiis value, Would hardly merit the name of far. mnr. Every ono would say, that man is going down hill. Cattle, say they mint eat, and if wo dont feed them, they will givo us neither meat, milk, nor wool. And sn must plants eat they have mouths, and elaborating processes and transform dung into grain, rn-iis and herbage, with as much certainty and profit, as caltlo con vert grain, roots nnd herbago into meal, milk, &c. Hence i lie farmer who dure gords dung, or suffers it to waste in his yard, ism reckless ofhistruo interest as ho would bo to neglect or waste his groin, hay and roots. Dung is the basis of all good husbandry. feeds the crops; CROPS FEED THE CATTLE; C4TTI.E M (ICE nrj.NO. This is truly tho farmer's endless chain. Not a link of it should be broken or be suffered lo corrode, by indo lence nr want of use. Once broken, and tho power it imparH is lost. Preserved mid kept bright by use, it becomes changed into gold. His lo the farmer the true philosopher's stouo. Tho man who wasted the means of perpetuating fertility in his soil, may bo likened lo tho unfortunate "urn of opulencn, who waste, in habits of indolence and dissipation, the hard earned patrimony of their fathers Cultivator. WONDERFUL ESCAPE FROM IN- DIANS. A Hiiioricid N.irralira James Morgan, a native of Maryland, married nl an early age, and soon after settled near Bryant's station, in the wilds if Kentucky. Like most pioneers of the Wosl, he mid cot down i lie cano , built a cabin, deadened the limber, enclosed a field wilh a worm fence, aud planted some corn. It was on the 17th d:.y of August, 17C2; tho sun had deecepiW; a pleasant breeze was playing through tho surrounding wood ; tho " iiio bowod under its inlluenci: and tho broad green leave ol the corn waved in the air ; Morgan hud seated him olfin tho door of ho cabin, witli Ins in. fant on hi3 knee ; his young and Impp wife had laid aido her spinning wheel and was buiily tingagei In preparing tli frugal meal. That niter noon he had accidentally found a bundle of letters, which he had finished reading to Ins wife bi.-lbro ho had taken his seat in the door. It was a en respondent in which they acknowledge an early and ardent iitiachmnnt for each other, and the perusal left evident traces of joy on thu countenance of both, the lit tle inlant, loo. seemed lo narioKO ol its parent' feelings, by its cheerful smiles, playful humor, and inluniili! caresses. While thu-i agrcenaly employed, tho te port of a rifle was heard; another followed in quick succession. Morgan sprang to Ins feet, his wife ran In the door, and they simultaneously exclaimed, "Indiana !' The door was immediately barred, and the next moment their fears were realized by a hold and spirited attack of a small parly of Indians. The cabin could not be suc cessfully defended, and lima was precious. Morgan, cool, brave, and prompt, soon decided. While ho was in the act of con coaling his wilu under the floor, a mother's feeling overcame her tho arose seized her infant, but was afraid that its cries would betray her place of concealment. She hesitated gazed silently upon it a momentary struggle between affection and duly took place. She once more prcsed her child to her agitated bosom, again and again kissed it with impassioned tender ness. The infant alarmed al the profusion of tears that fell upon its cheek, looked up in its mother's face, threw its lilllo arms around her neck, and wept aloud. "In tho namo of heaven, Eliza, releasa the child, or we shall be lost," said the dis tracted husband, in a soft imploring voice, a ho forced tho infant from his wife, has tily took up his gun, knife, and hatchet, run up thu ladder that led to the garret, and drew it after him. In a moment the donr was burst open, and the savages en tered. By this timo Morgan had secured his child in a bag, and lashed it to his back ; then, throwing off some clapboards from the roof his cabin, resolutely leaped to the ground. He was instant ly assailed by two Indians. As the firs (approached, lie knoc- rfed him down with the butt end of Ins gun. ine otner aavanceu witu upiuicu tomahawk; Morgan let fall his gun and closed in. Tho savage made a blow, mis sed, but sevrcd tho cord that bound the infant to his back, and it roll. The con test over the child now became warm and ficrco, and was carried on with knives only. The robust and athletic Morgan at annih irot ine ascendancy, una were badly cut and bled freely, but tho stabs of tho white man were oeucr aimcu nuu uuv- per, ond tho savago soon sunk to tho earth in death. Morgan hastily took up his child and hurried off. The Indians in tho house, busily en Lofcd in drinking and plundoring, were not apprized of the conlnst in tho yard, until the one that had been knocked di.wu ,'bvq signs of returning lifts and called them to tho scone of action. Morgan was discovered, immediately pursued, and n dog put on his trail. Oporatcd upon by all iho feelings or a husband and a father, ho moved with all the speed of a hunted Mag, and soon outstripped tho Indians out tuo Qoe kopi m ciubo pursuit, nuu ing it impossible to outrun or elude the! the cunning animal, trained to hunts of of this kind, he halted nnd waited until it enmo within a fow yard of linn, fired, and brought him down reloaded his gun and pushed forward. Ir.t short time he reached the house nl his broihnt. who re sided between Bryant's Station and Lexing ton, where he Icfi tho child, and tho two brothers set oul lor his dwelling. As they approached, light broke upon his view his t-pced quickened, his fears increased and tho most agonizing apprehensions crowded upon bis mind. He emerged from the canebrake, beheld his house in flames, and almost burnt to the ground. Mv wifo !" he exclaimed, as he pressed one hand to his forehead, and grasped the fence with the other, to support Ins lot tcring frame, Ho gazed some time on Hip ruin and desolation bciorc nun, suvanceu n few paces, and sunk exhausted to the eartn. Murmur? came ; the luminary of heaven arose, and still found him seated near the almost expiring embers. In his right hand he held a small sticK, with winch he was tracing the name of "Eliza" on the ground his left hand was thrown on his favorite dog, that lay by h s side, looking first on thu ruin and then on his matter, with evi dent signs of griof. Morgan arose. The two brothers now made search, and lound sonio bones, burni in actios, wincn inev carefully gathered, and silently consigned lo their mother earth, beneath the wide spread branches of a venerable oak, conse crated by tho purest and holiest recol lections. Several davs after this, Morgan was en gaged in a dei-perato battle at the lower lll.,n I 14., l'l, In.Kono mini T v-lr-lrtrc and the surviving whites retreated across Licking, were pursued by the enemy for a distance of six and thirty miles. James Morgan was amongst the last that crossed the river, and was in the rear un til the hill was descended. As soon as he beheld the Indians reappear on the ridge ho felt anew his wrongs and recollected iho lovely object of his early affections Ho urge'! mi his horse, and pressed to the front. While in the act of leaping from his saddle, ho received n rifle ball in his thigh, and full; an Indian sprang upon him, seized him by the hair, and applied the scalping knife. At this moment. Morgan cast up his eyes and recognized the handkerchief that bound the head of (he savage, and which he knew lo bo his wil's. This ad ded renewed strength to his body, and increased activity lo his fury. He quickly threw his lelt arm around the Indian, nnd with a deatb-like grasp, hugged him to his bosom, plunged Ins knife into his side, and ho expired in his arms. Releasing him self Iroin ilnt savage, Morgan crawled un du- a small oak, on an elevated piece of ground o short distance Irom h'm. The scene of action shifted, and he remained undiscovered and nnscalped, an anxious spectator of the battle. It was now midnight. Tho savage bnrtd after taking all the scalps they could find, loft the battle ground. Morgan was sen. ted at tho foot of tho oak; its trunk sup ported Ins head. 1 he rugged itod uneven ground that surrounded Inm was covered with the slain; the once white airl proj.-c ling rocks, bleached with the rain and tuo of centuries, were crimsoned with blood that had warmed tho heart and animated tho bosom of the patriot and thu soldier. The pale glimmering of the moon occasion ally Ihrew a faint light upon the mangled bodies ot (he dead, then a passing cloud enveloped all in darkness, and gave addi tional horror to tho leebla cries of a luw still lingering in the last agonies of pro tracted death, rendered doubly spoiling by tho coarse growl of the bear, Iho loud howl of tho wolf, the shrill and varied notes of the wild cat and panther, feeding on the dead and dying. Morgan beheld the ccuo with heart. .rending sensations, and looked forward with the apathy of despair to his own end. A large, ferocious looking bear covered all over with blood, now approached him; he threw himself on the ground, silently commended his soul to Heaven, and in breathless anxiety awaited his fate. The satiated animal slowly passed on without noticing him. Morgan raised his head ' was about offering thanks for his unexpec ted preservation, when the cry of a pack of wolves opened upon him, and again awakened nun to a sense of danger. lie placed his hands over his eyes fell on his face, and in silent agony awaited his fate. lie now heard a rustling in the bushes; steps approached a cold chill ran ovor him. Imagination creative, busy imagi nation, was actively employed; death, the most horrible death awaited him ; his limbs would in all probability be torn from him, and ha be devoured alive. He felt a touch the vitnl spark wai almost extin guishedanother touch mora violent than the fi'st, and he was turned over tho cold sweat ran down in torrents Ins hands wore violently forced from his face the moon passed from under a cloud a faint ray beamed upon him his eyes involunta rily opened, and ho beheld his wile! who in a scarce audible voice exclaimed, "My husband!--my husband!" and fell upun his bosom. Morgan now learned from bis wife that, after the Indians entered the house, they found sums spirits and drank freely; an altercation soon took place one of them received a mortal slab and fell: his blood ran through the floor on her. Believing il to bo the blood of her husband, she shrieked aloud, and betrayed her place of concealment. Siio was immediately taken and bound. The party, alter setting Hro to tho house, proceeded lo Bryant's station. On the day of Iho battle of the Blue Licks, a horse, with suddlo and bridle, rushed by her, which sho knew lo be her husband's. Du. ring the action tho prisoners were left un guarded, made their escape, and lay con cealed bcioath fine bushos under tie I bank cl tho rive afler the Indians had roturncd from the purt-uit, nnd left Hm bat tle ground, she, with somo other persons that had escaped Witli ner, ueierjntneo make a search for their friends, and. if on the field and living, to savo them, if po-hi ble from the beasts of prey. After search ing for some timo, and almost despairing of success, sho fortunately discovered linn. The parly of Col. Logan lound morgnti and his wife, and restored them to their friends, their infant and I heir home. John Q. Jldairis in replying to a commit tee who made him a present of a Cane, introduces the following pungent para graph. He says Wo present at tho present moment a still more astonishing and portentious -pectoclo to tho World. Without a dollar of National debt, we are in the midst of a National Bankruptcy. From a Treasury overflowing with fifty millions of dollars, our Government pays in paper trash iho wages of the Clerks in tho public offices; Tho-Nation is insolvent the whole pcopjo is insolvent. Yon enquiro if this is owing to the conduct of the late administration. I believe it is attributable to various causes among which the gront of the u-e of mon ies in tho Treasury, to humorous State Corporation by order of the lute Prcsi. dent of tho United Stairs, without author ity of Law, was the most pernicious. Having said so when the deed was done, I have no hrsilntion in repeating it now; that the faial cenequcnces are seen float ing upon the wreck of the public credit. The live of tho Public monies while in the Treasury, in the interval between the receipt of them ns revenue, and the pay ment of them as public expenditures, to fuihl the engagements of the Nation, had been grontml by Law lo the Bank of the United States, for an equivalent. It never had been of much profit to that Bunk, be cause the depnsites there had been consid erable at any one time. They never were permitted to accumulate, lor the moment a surplus appeared, it was applied towards iho discharge of the National debt. It was precisely at the moment when iho whole debl was paid off, mid when tho revenue was doubled by the sudden in crease of the proceeds of tho Public Lauds, that th" use ol'lhe monies in iho treasury was token from the Bunk of the United States, chartered by nnd under the control of Congress, and bribed out in parcels to Miit favorite purchasers, to a multitude of Stale Banks, without responsible capitals, and wholly beyon I the control of Cungross or of thn Execu'ivo Government of tho United Slates. Of the means of im for mo tion possessed by tlie Government as to their coodtiion and credit, yon may jmlgo from the recent ci'Ciilar addressed to thorn by the secretnry of ihe Treasury, staling that he had learn', their stoppage of pay ment from lie Nrwipapsrs. Dinner to Mn. Ewing. Mr. Senator Ewing was complimented with a dinner, given by the Whigs of Ross county, at Clnllico'hc, on the 9th u!i., at which Hare wcro over 1500 present. Among the distinguished persons, whoso letters appear as declining invitations, ate Mr. Clay. Mr Sergeant, Mr. Poindexier, Mr. Granger, Gov. Vance, Mr. Webster, and Mr. Crittenden. The reply of the Hon. Joint Sirgernt, is of considerable length. Wo make a spirited extract. The gallant band of Senators, of whom Mr. Ewing was one, have, indeed, a mel ancholy spectacle now before them their predictions are fulfilled. What they for years endeavored to avert, has been brought upon us; our Country, a short time ago so prosperous nnd happy, presents an unbroken scene ol commercial di-tresj, yet continuing to spread, and searching out and visiting every class of the community. The Gnv (as it has been the fashion of lato lo stvlo it, overlooking the rtpresontntivc-i of the people) can guv no relief. It has no power but to exact w'nt the citizen h unable to furnish, and to relosj whin by law the Treasury is bound to pay. I ho same uauKruptcy winch uas oven sent through the land, like a pestilence, to de stroy tho fortunes of individuals, has reach, cd tho Treasury, too. Iudiv duals may never bo able to rise again. 1 hey djsorvo our sympathy they have it our fieurlfolt sympathy and ono can hardly refrain from mingling wild It his indignation, wiieo he looks upon the thousands of innocent and meritorious men now lying prostrate, crush, ed by tho wheels of the cruel Experiment. They saw it rolling towards them They felt the agony ot approaching destruction. They prayed, they implored, that its course" might bo nrrested, but ihey impaired in vain. Nay, as if this were not sufficient, they wcro mocked nnd reviled, cruel intuit being added to injury. Congress at length, yielding to Iho pray. crs of distress, interposed its power, if not to restore, at least to endeavor to umunisii the future mischief. But the staff of tho benificent power was rtidoly wrenched from its hands, and tho bill lo repeal Iho specie circular, with the aid of on opinion Irom a cumplving lawnuicer Hint Luugicsa could not write good English, was thrown among tho trophies of triumphs over tho Constitution and Laws, achieved hv tho Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of Iho United Stales. II is -ucce.-sor is loo feeblo to hare committed this wrong him self, and has just strength enough to retusa to repair it. lie is not a man in breast a storm, nor lo tako counsel from patriotism when public danger can only bo arrested by exposing himself. Tho specie n culsr, has enjoyed, in his lime, tho immunity of nnn committal, until, as has been truly and hap. pily said, "it has repealed iuelf." It has expired when its whole work was dono, i nd not another tear could bo wrung fioin uiuffering and insulted people. Thu pte- tent Executive has dwarfed himself, by in-

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