Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 11, 1837, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 11, 1837 Page 1
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( T, O It Y () F C Ai S A BY If. R, STACY. Tlie pociii IipIow wo qnnle fiottt 1 lie June num ber of the Knivketbocker Magazine. I font one anions our leaders ran pcui'u it wiilmui feel ing of high inlniiintioii for lli'j mlenis of l ho mi llior.lhey pnsfc's pcircptiom iIifTeicnl finm ours. As ii foir.ilile mid Rinphie, jet sententious, picltur of die Delugn, it will hear it i.-nn with iiny i in.ii n-.i I i e description of inmli-iii limes. We have italicised it few pau.ige wo conceited wonderfully grand anil rtililiinc. 'l hey would li.ive tlonc no duetedil lo tlie Itifty iniipe of ISvhun him. elf. Indeed, in lite must thrilling piciuienf tint noble wrilpr, wpc.iii ''"d few iht ri'" to die linen e hate signalized. Wo 11 n I Mr. liAUBKit does not intend to let hi.s gift-" lio idle. Thev me of n quality to H'te liiin rnnirnlmcnt wuh respect to pa?t succe.', and n Impe fir tlie fiitinc, which should iiupiic linn inlo iiiiifiitii mid ijjiii oiih action- I li icward will be constantly wiili liim. Philadelphia Gazette. TUB DKl.UGR. "Alt! whrt ;i sin it i" ol et illife, When Death's nppioncll is urn en lei l ibit'." .SllKSI'KAKU. Tlie judgment was til li.iml. Bi'llnilie huh Gatlieipdi nipe'limus clouds, nlnca, blackening, spread, Until then lilt'i'.drd m.iiur ntci whelmed Tlie licini-plii'ie of day J nml, iidilinj ulnotn To nilnV ( 1'iiipiie, ill limn .one to 70110 Swept i lie tul shadow, Mtnllmt in.; up nil light, And cuteiinsl the enei'i lim; lit iii.niit-iii An wiili n itiii til v p ill I in ill-1 1 1 1 -1 Hotted i lie nffi ii d nations, itnirliippiug. Anon llie o'i Ii.iik''I Ratlins of ihe-i.nin Ihtisl wnh ilirir Rioivin I 'i 1 1 1 1 1 -1 1 ; lieno nml fast Shot cl ivvii tlie pondi'iotis linn, ii flii'i-iid llnod, Tin I vl.iiiird inn licline ihe b ifll-d winds, lint, with an iiiiowv .Hid iimt.iteiin.; in-li, l),i-lieil hifiirj oat 'hw.oil. .Soon iln litristncc, And i nation (led llu-ir rltaiim l ; an I r..ilm lake Awoke exulting frntii then leili.iicy, And ponied desliticltun on their peaceful phntcs. The lightning (Trkoted in the ibdujjfd air, And (V-1 ilv lliiniih lint shout of nlifriiij whips ftliillpipil llii'siinVil ihiindi-r. Day no- iiirIk Oeasetl ihe tlc.-renilin.; ntPiiitu; and if the gloom A little hi ii;h'eiiPil, when tin- liinil mom I'i-p on tin- ft." I-J iiiidiiijhi, ttas tmlimv I'llP IlI'llllR lip llf Unlets, liild 11 nil hl'IM Forsook I III' fl.iodccl plains, and . .i i i ly The idiiiei !mr iihiIihiiiIp of dunned Toiled up bel'oie the insatiate element. Oceans itprc lili'iit, ,'iti'l ihe let Win Imiiip aloft on tin- lOTCiidioi! p.h To whi-ie iIi".p.ii;Ip ne-tli-d. .MniHii.iiiHiiovv ere the nU- I. mil ni.uka, mid tlic-ir sIt-n ivctc rlmhul W 1 1 Ii rliinci oi.' m', f.vim the hpIipm'u whii- W llH-C .-IIIRI' I'l.lrpl'll llll'lll, III llll'il- lHlll'.-l H',lk', tjwiilhi'd in ihe rliinpiii!! rlon I l ln- li.iml of De.uli Soioh; milliniH us limy i limlied ; yn dnin'r ju-v Thprioudi'd iMtinn, n iln- i-ncioaeltiiij u.ixed N.iuimcd their little uoild. And in hour I)id nntnannid his fellow. of life Wii' the Mile iii.'linri ; and the snoiij Inuliid Hon iih iinHiioie I lie pnl-ied pin; That i hinR to him lot mcenr. Worn. in trod Willi ttniriiiii! i-ii'P the piei ipire'ii brow, And liituid no mni lo RLicp on ihe iIhmiI lerR" OVr hirh hhe le.ined ami iii'iiihli (I, h'l Ki-lini'S' Silt like an inriibiH on pipiv, Sinnilipiioi; the nire of .lot p. Tin-ii mi'rt f ml Wii' on the iiiplin;;'!! lin k j and oil Deipair Grappled llif ir.idy steel, nail kindied bloud l'olliiied llic l.ii-l tPiimam nl' lli il e.ulh Whieli God uili" deliini lo puiily. flune ininnieii' lioiu iIih i.iiiH, wlinie tkeletom The mildew of irrri-dliiR rrnimies 11.14 lailed to riumlile, u itli tinu lel.lj stieiiih Cm-liril iIiiomuIi the fuliil cinuil-; and fieiee't .lownwaid by the Pier iii-lim lain, liiiiN, Willi blinded ejes, dienched pliniii'.--, nml li.ulin wingi1! timbered unconaciotia o'er the ttanipled ptcy. The inounlaiin wpre Ftibitif irpiI j ihe b in ier chaiiu ni.ipppd out n.ii toil' r ink J until at Iriiili One Titan pe.ik nlone o'ri lopped the wnri, ReaeoniiiR a niukeii hoi Id. And of die tubes Tint blai ki lied eiciy alp, one man fiitviied; And he Flood i-ltitei in-, hope liw, I'lielurless, fraRinenl of ilie uniiete ! I'he FttrRPii of the nimeiial km , Hi okp on hi naked feel. On liii stay, Whit Ii fi'iir, mil lime, h. id silien d, thi lilit k cloud Potupil its nupilin; tin irntrf ; while mound, In the pern tu iligln ilimlv viible, Rolled the crim leimii of the Rha.'ily throvned, Anil teemed to bei kon with (licit- loioinj .nuts 'i'Jieir bi other to his doom lie ptnnle. hiri brnv, And, mnddened, would have leapt in theii embrace, When lo! befote him, liilio; on the deep i.oomed ii vast fabric, am! familiar niindi IVoclaiined it was peooled. Mope nice ninte Clteeird lite wan nniea'i, uud imploi inlj alli, lie stieir.hed his aiuis fot ill inwnid lhi llii.tliug And died aloud for ineicy. Hut his prater Man initio not an.'ni r, u limn In (,'oj roiileuincd, Tim aik iiuept onwuid i ilia billowi lute .And buried their List iciim ! Then the jjlnntn Krokfi from the f.iceofheat'n.and nii.lixhtslreameil Uion the fea, and on ilm um( That t o.'i! for shelter o'er the lit lug get til Whose iueie.i'n phould ippopubiie a ttorld, Nkw Voiik, .Mav, 183". J. Siiuir.u. C(Ml.mJMCATION, Rev. Bifiiop IIupkinh. Him Ynttr nixlh objection is ttu vngnu tint! ittliMincl. of such general nml yet no application, confuse J und CDtifusinrr, tlmt I n'tirce know liuw lit reply to it. Am) 1 tltuil: that any unprctljtttlicutl mind by rontlm-; your rcmurku tipnii ii must cotiiu tu the eo mo concluHitin. Tito fit nnrt of it i. "tlmt it (ilia Tempornnco Kuciely) canntii bo relied on ns n remedy nnittft vco." i euppoEO you would not Imvo us tiudortiiuiit you hero n.s meniiinrr all vice, hut Uu vice of inlcnipcrnnco. If you did ni(ati nil vice why eIiouIi! yuu attuch that to it that it never designed to operntu tinin.-. I Um if you meant thu ppcciflc vice of habit that produces drunkenness, why not etito it, that you might not mislead? It bociiis nt ynnr "pledge," that ynu lind given, led ynu lo advert to nny menfure thai plttttild mpport your pledge, fair or foul. But sir, tiro not thu doetrtnes of the Tew pt'ranco Society n.4 grind as enn lie foutid, unj they nut ceripturnl ntrain.'t this vice? They ore the fullowiner Ardent spirits in health is not needful h not i incfii I its use is sin. Wlmt better duel ruins- than these to prevent the habit ol'tiiiin tirtletil spirits.? The practice of tin; tPinporaiico society, which is touch not, taste not, Inutile not. you cannot object to unlcf you object to Ihe iJihle, and it is most certainly the beM. the only sure ground of remedy against litis vice. Then nrjaitt there is another view thai should bo taken of this subject, that you with all adroitness have cotitintnlly kept concealed, that is its only work is lo pre vent, h is not to lake the viceiinij de'trny it. hut lo cltattoe the habit and prevent it. If, therefore, th.! changing of the halm will prevent the vice, nml the Temp':rtincp Society be t;fi',;clual in changing the jubti, then moft cerlainly the Tempera nco tfoci ety is a remedy njjainbt inlempeiance. The only que-oioti then to settle i-- doet (he Temperanc! Society change the habf,s of people? Every InineM. man will nt mce grnnt that tins society docs change I litis the habits of people. Kverv iiiemb is pletlged to abstain from using ardent sprits liunsell not lo furnish it. to his fantili to those in his employ, or tho-tc with wlnin he associates Thus the principles of Hit virtue tire brought into action,- and the habit of intemperance is prevented. IIiw then can you my that it is not a rcindy vice? It most aMiretllv is. fur let its doctrines and practice become uiti verstl, and intemperance could not be niiiid. I am aware you will say, let the church lie tin' Society to reform thu Would you then have the church a Tein pernnce Society? Snrelv if Uotl has or dained Hint tho clittrch he a Temperance Society, ibeti the society cannot be based on worldly principles, but on religious. On piii'ciplew of 0. ids ordaining. Now if the church ami society bo btued on the nine prineiplei bow can yen say thu clitiich is a remedy uotl not the society? Or would yi'it exhibit a philosophy that will adniil two opposite; principles lo produce lite same result? lint, vmt ndmii th,. gospel and the church have been in exis tence for eighteen centuries, and have not de-lroyetl tins master vice. Now if the giirpel ant! tho church have not necoin phshed tins work, tiuil the Temperance So. ciety would do it in one general ion, and do it on gospel principles, then is thu society needed, and it ii a .-overetgu remedy again-l I lie vice. The remaining part of your objection is that '-it is reforming men by experiment on other principles than those which are set forth in the scripture." This object ion cannot fail to lack proof positive, it is of such n nature. lint proof po-itive may he brought again-t it. Let us try it. The script tiros teach us to cease lo do evil." Tim Tuiiimrancti So- coiety speaks the same by saying cease to use ardent spirit. The liible leaches us to learn to do well " The Temperance Society teaches lo learn to do well by be ing temperate. Ile'OHiho most perlect agreement. Now you must say that ecus ing lo use ardent spirit and learning to be ten perale tire not doing well, or you mint own tltu Temperance- Society does not experiment upon principles opposed to scriptures. Which of these sides will ynu hnve? If lite former, ihcu yon nru the abettor of drunkenness if thu latter, then your objection is false. I have now cov ered tho ground of your objections ii"aiutt the Temperance Society, and I think, have shown tin.Mii to be desiituto of all npplica. tmn to the society merely imaginary sophisms, weak ami womanish, and worthy of no other cnusu th in that in which Ihev arc used, and now feel somewhat prepared to sustain the positions ndvunced in my first number. IN CONCI.I'SION. I think I may be allowed the remark of Rev. Robert Hall in his reply to Mr. Unoih on ilr'ut cammuninn, in reference to my examination of your objections against the Tetnporaiico Society, llts remark is the following, "The reader will not expect nto to follow him lit his declamatory excur bioiis, or in I hose miscellaneous quotations, often irrelevant, which the extent of hi reading has ntpphed: it will suliieu if I carefully examine Ins arguments without omitting n bin lo cuimderatiuu on which lie can he supposed to lay n Mrcsa," I ac knowledge that if your objections were valid, your proof convincing, ynu might wild propriety be opposed to thu Society, Dm as it is, I leave it for uny candid mind tu judge whether you have mndo out your ease. Retng fully convinced Hint yntir per formanco is bill another "splendid failure," I purpose now to bring forward snine con derations that in my view make it an im perious duly upon the Church to toko nciivc part in the Tempornnco Re form. My first is, Tho extreme practica bility nfihc ttystcm. The system of tem perance operations are simple bill efficient. The solo object is lo reform tin1 habits of the people by light and moral inlliicuce. That the habit of using alcohol in greater or less quaulitics is the prodttc ng cause ol all the drunkenness, stiff ring, und wo, consequent, no one can deny, The hubii then is probably chargeable with the con sequences. The people nrc chargeable with the habit. Now ifsnch an evt! i'xinf and is based upon kucIi ground as this, there is the most powerful reason for uni ting all our moral influence in tin associated form ngainst it. The Temperance Society exactly meets the exigency in the ea-ie. II culls into operation all the mornl power of lis members, sets itself in nrrny ogaitn-t tho habit, demands an immediate reform, and as far as ils influence extends accom plishes it. In this respect, it commends itself to every man's conscience in the sight of God. I'urpnsely to do nothing more than to reform a habit in community to pre vent such nn enormity of wo. Now I ask in the view ol candor if a society tmn at such a point as Ibis and its pracl icabihty is so perfect, does it not cluim at lite hand of every virtuous individual his most undivid ed and unqualified support ? Answer it the reverse sir if yon can ! Agsin another consideration why ynu should engage in it is tho moral respecta bility nfthocnti-c. The respect I mo-iu is that of valuing human happiiie-s and ol es teeming a christian virtue. This i not a ma'ter of small import. The Temperance Society is the proper medium for embody ing and bringing out this respect. I am n ware you may say that il tuny be done by individual effort wit limit the cotucoiuitauls uf the society. II. is much easier affirming his than making people believe it. Iudi ridual cirirt will do hut little so long as tin kabil is nec-'ssartly. in part nt least, a so cial one. Ret individual efftrt will do not lung bin for the individual, nn'css it he put forth unon Ihe social p-iuciplc. The moment it is called into exercise nn the so ctal principle tl demands association. Con -eqneiitly if we have respect to the welfare a ml virtue of community we ure called upon to act in our mornl capacity. Those who are engaged in the temperance cause are manifesting this regard. Tlto.-e who stand aloof are exhibiting nt least no concern in his thing for it. If so you are moral y holden to exhibit your regard thus lor vir tue. I know you uny say you can do H us well in another way, I answer yon cannot, for the Temperance Society is exactly adapted to the ca.-c and therefore demands your cn-operaiinn. Again tite moral obligations ynu are tin. dor lo do good unto all men. nre such as to lay you under obligation to the society, fly the hourly effort of all christian deninntnas lions put forth together, together with Ihe union of the virtuous in this thing beyond the pile of the churcu, would soon product this happy result. That ynu nru under ob ligation lo do good to all as tar as in you Iteth, you cannot deny, and if the change ol habil bo thus called for in order for tins good, and the Temperance Society produce this change how ore you lobe exempt from the claims of this society? you arc not. Then by redwing to advance the Temper ance Society you refuse lo do good, am! by reltising to do good you do evil. This view must be taken by every virtuous and well instructed mind. Here then we hold ynu to your duty, and if you demur, we ttppesl to the world ; yea more, to Gnd !itm-elf, who has recommended you llttts lo do good to till men. Again thu happy result of the universal success of the Temperance cause as it re fers to community and to virtue is another reason why you should be holden to pro mute tho Temperance Society. In relur ence lo cnnitnuniiy ynu haveacknowleilged in part ils value. Nono can deny it. In reference lo virtue, I think I liavu shown I lin l it is ollogother favorable. Il prevents a most alarming and destructive ico, it es. tnblishes n beautiful christian virtue in iu stead, empties our alms houses and priiitcu lumen, spures husbands and fathers in their fundi s, dries up the fountains of misery ami spreads the Ineu of m ral beauty over thu win lil. In short, it prevents the popu latum nf hell, and prepares the world. Ihrungh the means of the go-pnl, for lu populoting "f heaven. Those, sir are among ihe many el.iiuu ihe Temperance Society has upon you. Hern we arraign you utid imhl you to the damn; and pro claim lo the world your default, if you refuse. Vindkx, i St, A , 1037. mutt uny tr ip i.s inane to succeen unoiu er. As the tli-cii-sion of all ihe-c points, However, would involve the repel it mil nl what i already well known lo every garil iter, the article" now submitted to Ilm rt till er, and for winch his itiilu'gpnce is en treated, is limited to what :s properly cal ii tl cropping, or I he succession of crops. Oro,i', hi kitchen-gardens, are put in the gmuiid according In three tll-tllicl plans or systems, which may bo termed succession al cropping, simultaneous cropitig and permanent cropping. Sttccrsutmiil Cropping is that in which ihe ground i- wlmliy occupied with one crop at one tune, lo he ntcceedrd bv an other crop, nl-o wholly of one kind; for example, onions in be followed by winter lurnips. or potatoes to bo followed by borecole SimiiltnncDui Crnpjiing is that in which several crop are all Coining forward in the ground at the samo time; .or example onions, lettuce, and radishes, sown broad east ; or peas, potatoes, broccoli, and spin ach, sown m rows Permanent Cropping is where a crop reiiiuiiH on the ground several years; -neh as sen-kale, rhubarb, tispatagin, strawberries. &e. To I hese modes might he added, mixed lignnmt and herlriccuui cropping ; sit It as growing her bacnii, crop- mining gtm-e berries, runouts, raspberries, nml o her fruit shrubs, and among fruit trees. Tin practice nf growing culinary crops am mg run shrubs is. however, nearly exploded in the be.-t gardens, on account of tin: in jury done to the biirtihs when they are young and small, by the rool- and shade of the culinary crops, and of thi! injury done to Hit; culinary crops when the slirubs art; grown up by the shade and confinement which they produce. Tor the same rea suns, cropping between trees is by no means desirable in small gardens, where 'he trees mint necessarily be al. no great distance from the each oilier, but in the ct-eofvery large gardens, such as those of ciiiiiiiereiH I gardeners, where trees an planted inclo-u rows at 20, 30, or -10 yards apart, so as to sh.-hor th- ground lite cropping may be carried on in the spa ee lti-t n tho tows uf Uees, tin lite nrtiieiples which regulate succ 'sstonal. simultaneous, or permanent cropping, m ground where there nre neither ireesT nor shtub-. 'I'he obj"ct to he attained by a system of crmpiug is that of procuring the gn-a'c-l quantity anil the best quality of ihe desired km) ol produce, at the least po-stble ex-pei-e ol labor, lime and manure : ami. in order thai tins iibji'c;. may be elf clually obtained, there are certain principles which on lit lo be adopted as guides. The chief of inese is to bo derived Ironi a knowledge of what sp-cifice ben liter injury every culinary p'aut does to the soil, wuh refer' retice to any other culinary plant. I' oojlit to be known whether particular iiliiots injure the soil by exhausting it of patiieuhir principles ; or whip her. as ha. hetm Inlely conjectured by J)e Cattdolle. nut), in some think, proved, Ihe soil is (en tered utilii for the growth of the same or any allied -peeies, by excretions fruin the roots ol plants : while the same excretions, nc'iog in the uav of manure, add lo tin lit 1 1 1 -s- of i ho soil lor ihe prodttc1 ion ol other er specie-. The prevailing opiiu iu, as ev ery one knows, has long been that plan's exhaust the soil, generally, of vegetabi. lood. par'icularly of that kind of food which is peculiar lo the spectei growing on n fut ! he lime being. For example : bmh po' ti mes and onions exhaust thu soil generally, while the poiatue deprives it of soinnihirg which is nece.-sary tu insure tint reproduc t inn of good crops of pota'oes, and the onion of some1 lung which is. necessary lor the re pruiluction of large crops of onions. Recording to I he theory of Do Catid ille, bnihi.eropB exiiau.-t the soil generally, and both render it unfit for thu re petition of the particular kind of crop; but Ibis injury, according in his hy pothesis, is nut cflected by deprtv ug the -oil of the particular kind nf nutriment re quisite (ur ihu particular kind of speep s ; out by excreting mm it su'.i-mucps p "ru liar lo the spt cies with which n I mt b n ctoppeil. which substances rind 'r it null lor having etops repea'etl lli'li these theories, or rather, porhaps hyii 'lli se.-cs, are attended with romo d Ui'Milty m ihe ease of plants which remain a gnu many yearn on the -time sml ; as, fir exam pie, perrenutal to iti d herb ic-otn plan's and trees The diiliculiy, however, n gt i over m 'Hi pyteins ; by 'be Ii ', or ol.l iiiuniy. uiu iiiiiiii.ii mopping nun neeny oi , i lie ii'iuigi' n saitt to supply a' once g iter nl nourishment and pariieii'ai'ioiirisiuiR'nt; anility the second, or new iheiry, th same dropping o the leave-, bv the gt u oral ti'iiiriahini'tit which il stipplt s, is said in iii'UlrtiliZ'i thu particular t xeretn us I itiii'l confessed that it is nut very ohvt uisbel how general nourishment, (hupped m (ho -urlnco uf the t. iil. can nt'iilru i. ! the x creiiietilitious matter tlepo-itid iniiy feel' bed" ith tho Mir face ; as in iho ca-e of I ng' rotned herbaceous plan's, ,-,. n,,. , n liictrn, A c. ; and deep rool mg trets, s t1 as t iu oak, tvu Ni'venheles-, wo Hud Ha thot plants, will remain u lot ger period on the same soil than others, Hi roots it which never go tunny great depHi benea'h Hm surface ; such as llielibrmn routed grin ses, tlie struwberry.t&e. ami the pine & fir tribe. Wu mention these things 'o show that, tliouoh a is nut yet determined which

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