Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 30, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 30, 1855 Page 1
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VOL. XXT WHOLE NO. 1,439. BURLINGTON, VT., FRIDAY, MARCH 30, 1855, NEW SERIES, VOL. 9, NO. 39. 1 w.T'yryyyrwr ttt f CCkin iTCC J3lCSS. Printed nt ,V, G Coliegr Strttt, Viurltnstfin, Vtt i:o. w. it r;.77. in:xi:irT, KelTOits ami l'noruir.TOi'.. Term of Sul.scrlptlon. the r.-itripr. ?2 AO !f paid tri ttyn fi-h-nrc, 2 f'O ! Tor Mil 11 Writer?, ami tWo ulio taVc It ! at tho Officr. 2 00 l H pa i tnctly In n-Hnnce, 1 .0 I V'i pi ii t In ndvanro I'Ut beforo tlx monl!i( 1 73 i - x mnntlifs 2 00 ' i it r t 'hatRMMc fitter llic year's cii'l. Term of Subscription for Onilj Tirr Pre ' T il'.i l" 'uWrIber per nnrmtu, - - P.'i (10 Trt tli' pp uTi irrcchc It by Mnll, lor fix im-titli 2 00 O. tii.r annum, .... - i 00 AI.WA1 IN AtUAXlE. Jy" Xo subscription stopped until nil nrieiniges firo pnM, except at the iptln of the publisher, or dif oin tin tied unlesi by poslthc orJer. Price tor VilvrrtMitg In WecMj', f" if f'unre, 1" line or In minion mild, tur iti.'ii, - - - S 1 00 I a .i insertion 'fUr the third, IcU. per line. notices ten cents n line, more- or lc-, for three week?. Yearly ndv'Ttters nvupyliiK four rUfir('" or more with pri. Mrge of ch.inse, fit n f.tlr ithcount. 5fThc privilege f yearly ndvcrtler5 ! tluited to their own Inmiediatt' bu.lne, In tiieir own nnmci nnd nil advertisement fr the benefit f other per son, as well as leKl ivU ertietncnt? and ndvertie ments of auction sale?, and advertin'innits with the mine of other percnn, tent In by them, imtt bo p.ild for at the uunl rntc-. Xo report, ieolutlon or proceeding of any cor poration, society, a?oclatlon or public meet in?, and nn communication deslpned tncill attention tn any matter of limited or Indlvldinl interrst can bo in tertcd. unleft natd for n tin advertisement. Xo advertisement cm bo InertH pratuitouly for ! charltnblc or other pocletlc?, public Institutions or companies, 1 Contracts for yearly advertising will not bo di. continued, union an order tn that effort i left at the ' office, and when discontinued In less than a ) car, V j rr tf a while eir will be rAarj".. i rTho FrpePre? mny bo obtained In California ftf Chvrles P. Kimball, " Xoiy Cirriers,' San Trancisco. r k i; i: p k i: ? s COOK k PRINTING OFFICE No. 6 Collets St., Burlington Yt. Doors, Pamphlet?, Uixdrills r BOOK 1h w ri, CmcrLARt, Huxks Tlii.uiRiri, Cnn:, Ac, Tlxocutodln both Phtn and Ornmiental style, with r.otie, aecuniy and promptitndo. G. G. BSHKDICT, t'OUMlSSJON'Vtl mil Tl!"RTATi:or NEW YORK. OSict,Frec ' isj Hoomi, Huiliiialmi. Vi mo.ii 1 C. L. I3SNEDICT, ('CMMIIONT.U Vl)l TIIKSTATM OF VEFlMrMT. IN NEW YCK. OFFICII TO lfll filrrr!. Fire and Marine Insurance, .il't'.VA B.'VSUSJ.V'XCK CO., or IIMiTFOKD, COW. PAI'ITAI. 0 0 , 0 0 I) ; SloD.IIOO. Connecticut Insurance Co., or inRTroRn, cow. c.iriTt, $200,000 ji-RPLi-s ssi.ono, NOUTIl WKJTl'iRN INSUHANCK GO. or oswmo, s. v. cumtii. 20(1,000 ; Roger William's Insurance Co., or riiovinr.scK, h. i. ch-itu. $100,000. I X S U It A N u n aanuinuntnot excec.lin .,'1.000 .lolhrc in one riBk.tikon bytliesu(i3Crller, nn Acnt of tlio uboc Cotupanic, at f Or ati'l ado. rtiato rate. UI'C IN'il.'lt XCIJ will bo ofTcctc.l In Joint Stock nnl .Mutual Insurtncc Conipinics nf tho first ptan.l. P. WHIM. Burlinzton, Vt., Soptombcr. iltf Allonicv inn! (ounssillor hi OFFICE OVKK COMMERCIAL ll.M, HUIU.IN'CTO.V, AprllS, ljS. df JOHN B. WHEELER, it i: a i. r. s r a t r. a i; : .v r , TOWN 1IAI,I mnii.iNfiTiiN i:ii.t;o.NT. Particular attention Bivon to tho purchiise an'l PilcofKonl UUato.tho lnvi-li.itlnn of Uunl Title, Leasing, Collection liont", Insuiing, I'aj-in' Taxes, .Li'., Xc. a irtr PAI.MI'.U.V IIAYWAK1). Attorneys &. Counsellors at Lav.-, j OFI'ICF,, SO. 1,...13MPIKB IiLOCK, St. Paul ."lliniicsotn. EDWARD C. TAI.MER, I WIinVRM. IIAYWARD, Commijiiontr for Vt. Sit try I'ultie. February, 1S55 lUwlf ?Je-.v England Type ASD ST 13 11 KOT V 1 v) 1'C) UN i).U V, Established in lS2t. simtAUT sV e:oes2si;s, m co coxokusS hTitECT., r.nsrox, masR. lUcttrolijping ,J VVjic Cuppa faced. nenr ii. iiouinr. josiuui vr, hmiuvs. March 2. 131- d.twly fJ.uM-l'iSJTi'aisnsf. O minus nnciuvuu ron M.Mvi; ad. dros, Party, an 1 Umlaut 0iper.'Uto En graved C,ird. Thoso who already have engraved plate of tin ir Cards, caa havo thcin naatly printed at short notice. "STApi'lynltlni KEU l'KE-S OITTCE, whera Sn-'rimrnt ovanyut tytr call he icell. May 30. dlntf SPRINGFIELD PRIXTISIl INK (OT.i.NY, jivni'Ialti iii'Iis or HOOK AND NHW S INK, OF TUB IIB'T QCAI.I1Y, AND AT IOVVKSI PHICKa Orders may he Addicsn-cUci c. w. iii:.vj:ii t, .U'.nl. Ilarluigti.u, VI. tf E'Erct': fic xvaazt, (iMKIiAUiO.nilSSION MKitCHANTS for. THE HALF ur ivnot. aso cou.rtH' nuwixL, NO IDfiSTATKaTUClYl s . ritocT.ia. j minTO?! u r wnun. V niHEY solicit' all 'ilads ol Couu L try Priidune, for width cash ath-iinces will le marie, an 1 tj the a!o and returns of hkti prompt attention will he given. KEt'tlHENCB. M)ssri,iltchC'iol;,Cobb .fc Wlinhi, j u. r. Hotelier & uo., " niinchard.C eivcrie l Co., r. I'. Uice. Dosinv. " O, Savmour .1 S .ii.,04'!cn!)urs, S. V uux & imniioii, I'nUdtiii, .V. v.; .Moljs W, JUInno, N", V, Iloeve. A. 5toriai.Ci!!oiLii!i!l,ohin. " Hoi;o .t OitJn, Rutland, Vt. II. II. Soirlcs, !,..(., st. AlUn,Vt. ' Samuel Mnrein, Kn., Vcti'ecnts, Vt " P. V. La&'iiton, Ajent, d'wtf 'I inrsini nnu,K Y March 0, Is'l. Alt l'AXUl.Mi I j: . vl A 11 R t i: a c n i: it o r d v s i .v a, ltlltlimd. ...... Vermont. 8d propiru.l t', fur 'i-o i vs. t: Misir, aey num ber -f mu a '-it tie c ii -lull IlAbb-It J'l.M ilaiwiu,!, Ill; latest stylo, taugl.tjiu all Its lirauidi i, OH C, 1 jI irlf POETRV. ron tmr i nm: rnndi. wniTixo ron Tin: pukss PT ItrXKX M. LAtn. Oh ! no, I netcr more will wrlto Another word of rhyme, 111 make myself domestic quite. Nor haro one thought publlme ; Til ply my needle all tho day, I'll don becoming dress, And spend my time souio better way Than writing for the Press. For write as plain as plain cau be, And always dot my ts, My bs are printed h or it, My g's arc changed to ya ; And if peichnncc somo glowing thought Ho clothed in beauteous dre, fit mangled tlll I know It not, Jly errors of tho Press. And If in tny once puhlUhed piece, tireat faults I chance to find, Ilevlewing it, I mal.o some chnngn More pleasant to my mind, And tend It out the second time, In more becoming dress, TIieHhing' Is frcoutud, 'ptigtariztd I'y readers of tho Press. And if a copy of the firt, Some friend has chanced to sec In an old p.iper, under bead : "Selected Poetry Ureal the alarm, while he exclaims In accent of distress, 'Don't do so any more, you will Ho published by tho Press." 'Tis quito enough to vex a saint, Somo people aro such bores, Advice Is proffered gratis, nnd My patience quite it floors , And o to puddings and to pics, I'll turn with tenderness, And neer more wear out my eyes With writing for tho Press. XoBTit llcno, Yt. M I S U E h L A N 1 7 From tho German. Cudlirntid of the Mountnin Side. Thorn once a man turned Gmlhrciwl, who Imrl n r.irm, wMji, .lv on tliosiJoofa mnuntain, wlienco he wan Guillir.ind of tli') Mmmt.iin.'-iilc. lie and his wile liven in sueli h.trnintiy together, and were w well ni:ilelied, that whatever the hus'.iinddid. teemed to the vwfu sowell done, that it could not he dono hotter ; let him therefore act as It might, slio was equally well ideated. They owned a jilot of ground, and had a hundred dollars lyin at tho hottom of a chest, and in the stall two fine cows. One day tlio woman said to Oudhr.ind : I think wo might as well dric one oT tlie row to town, and sell it: wo should then have a lit tle Mcket money, fur mcli rftjicctnlilo jieople as we are, ou"lU to l.avo a lew Hhillinc ' handas well as others. Tho hundred dollars at tho hottom of the oliest wo had hetter not touch ; hut 1 do not boo why wo should keep morj than one cow; h'sides, we shall be somewhat the gainer ; for instead of two cows, I shall hate only nno to milk and look after.' These wurds Gudhr.ind thought both just and reasonable ; so lie immediately took tho cow atid went to tho town in order to sell it; hut could tiud no o:ic there who wanted to purehase a cow ' Well ! well " thought Gudhrand, I can go home again with my cow ; 1 hao both t (all and collar for her, and it is no further going backwards than forwards.' fco '.lying, ho began wandering home again. When ho had gone a litll" way he met a man who had a horse he wished to ell, and iudhraml thought it better to have a hore than a cow, so he exchanged with the man. Going a little further still, ho met a man diiving a fat pig before him; ami thinking it better to hate a fat pig than a hone, be made an exchange with liim nl. A little further ho met a man with a goat. ' A goat,' thought he, ' is always better to have than a pig ;' so ho undo an exchange with the owner at the goat, lie now walked on lor an hour, when ho met u man with a "beep: with him he exchanged his goat ; ' for,' thought ho, 'it is always better to haica sheep than a goat.' Alter walking some way again, meetin, man with a goo-e, ho ehangedi.vvay his sheep lor mo goose , men going on n long way, no met a man with a cock, and thought to mm sell, 'it is hotter to have a cock than a goose, and so gave his gooso for tho cock. Having gono on till the day was far gone, and begin ning to feci hungry, he sold the cock for twelve, shillings and bought somo food ; 'for,' thought he, it is better to support life than to carry the cock.' After this he continued his way homeward, till he reached the bouse of his nearest neigh bor, where ho called in. ' How havo matters gono with you in town'" asked the neighbor. ' Jh !' answered Cudbrand, ' but so, so : I cannot boast of my luck, neither can I exact ly complain of it.1 Ho thon began to rclato all that bo had done lrom first to last. ' You'll meet with a warm reception when you get homo to your wifo : 1 would not be in your place,' 6did tho neighbor. "1 think things might havo been much worse,' said Cudbrand; ' but whether they aro good or bad, I havo such a gentlo wife, sho will never say a word, lot mo do what I may.' ' Yes, that 1 know,' answered his neigh- j bor, ' but I do nut think sho will bo so gentle in this instance.' ' Shall wo lay n wager !' said liudbrand of i the .Mountain-sido. I have got a hundred I dollars in my chest at home, will you venture , the like emu ' 'Yes, I will,' replied tho neighbor, and j they wagered accordingly, and remained till I , e vening drew on, when tlioy set out together lor (iiidbrand's house; having agreed that the neighbor should etandoutsidoanil listen, ' while (iudbrand went in to meet his wife. ' (ijod evening,' said (iudbrand. ' (iood evening,' said his wife, ' thank Clod, I thou urt there.' ' Yes, thero ho was. His wife then began asking him how ho had tared in tho town. So, so,' said (iudbrand. ' I linvo not got much to boast of; for when 1 reached tho town there was no ono that would buy tho cow. so I changed it for a horse.' .Many thanks lor that," said bis wife, 'wo aro so respectable that vvo ought to ride to church as well as others ; and if wo can uf. ford to keop a horso we may certainly havo nno. (to and put tho horse in thu stable, children,' ' Oh,' said Cudbrand, ' but I have not got the horso ; for as I went nlong the road 1 ex changed tho horso for a pig,' v ell, said the woman, ' that is just what . . i ii, , ir 1.1 T. 1 1. r i eiiuuni nuvu uonu iujbcii. i man, iucu mr that. I can now have pork und bacon in my bouse, to offor anybody when they como to see mo. vi hut tdiould vvo havo dono with a bur.-; ? People would only have said, wo wero grown too proud to walk tochureh. Go, children, and put the pi- in, ' Hut I havu nut brought tho pig with iuo ; for when 1 had gono u littlo further on, I ex changed it for u milch gnat,' eaid CildbranJ, ' How admirably thou dost everything,' exclaimed his wile, What should we have dono with u ig I People would only havo said that vvo cat up everything that vvu own, Yis, nuvv that I have u trout, I cau get buth milk und cheese, an J still keep uiy goat. Go und tie up tho out, children ' No,' said he, 1 havu not brou gl.t homo the goat ; for when I c.inic.i littlo farther on 1 exchanged it fur a lino sheep." ' Well,' cried the woman, ' thuu hat done evirytbing just u I could havo wished ; just us if I had liccii there in v self, What should vvo havo dono with it goatl I must havo i limbed up tho mountains, and wandered through ili.i v ill- s, lo bring it homo at evi ning. Yt ith :i l.' p I shall have wool and clothing in tho hull-. , und food into tho bar gain. to go, children, and put the sheep iniu iuo neiu 1 ilut I havo not got tho sheep,' raid (iud. I brand ; for ai I wont on a little further, I exchanged it for a gooso.' I .Many, many thanks for that,' said his wife. What should i linvo dono with a sheep ! lor I hnvo neither a spinning wheel, nor a distaff; nor Imvo I much de sire to toil and labor to make clothes ; wo can purchase clothing as wo Imvo done hither to ; now 1 shall Imvo roast gooso, that 1 havo so ottcn longed for ; and then 1 can mako a littlo pillow of tho feathers. Go, bring in the gooo, children.' ' 11 it t I havo not got tho goose,' said ho ; for as I went on a littlo further,' I ohaliged it for a cock.' Heaven only knows how thou cottldst think of all this,' exclaimed his wifo. ' It is just ns if 1 had managed it all myself J a cock ! that is just as if thou hadst bought nn eight-day clock ; for as tho cock crown every i morning at four o'clock, Wo can be stirring 1 betimes. What should I have dono with a j gooo' 1 do not know how to dress a gooso, and my pillow I can stiiffwithmoss. Go and fetch in the cock, children.' , 1 Hut I have not brought tho cock homo I with mo.' said Gudbraud ; for when Iliad gone a long way, I became so hungry that I , w:i obliged to sell the coek for twelve shil lings to keep mo alive ' j ' Well! thank God thou didst so,' cx i claimed his wile ; ' whatoter thou dost, thou , always do't jut as I could wish to havo it i done. What should wo have done with a cock! Wo are our own masters, we can lie as long us wo like in tho morning. God be praised, I hau got thee hero safe again, and us thou always dost cu-rything so right, wo want neither a cock, nor a goose, nor a pig, nor a sheep, nor a cow.' Hereupon Gudhrand opened tho door. ' Have I won your hundred dollars!' asked ho of his neighbor, who was obliged to con- I fess that ho had. Nicholas of Itussin. , Nicholas I'auluwtch, Emperor of Kussia, ' now reported to bo dead, was tho third son ul the II'iip'Tor I'anl, by his second in imago with .Maria I'endornwnii of Wurtemburg.and i was born on tho 25th of Juno. 17U(i. at s'lina, near bt. Petersburg. Imperial histo rians call him the fifteenth sovereign of tho Hotiso of Romanoff who has ruled in Russia. At tho time of his birth, and for years after wards, there was littlo sign of the high des tiny which awaited him. Two elder brothers, the Grand Duko Alexander and tho Grand Duke Constantino, were immediately between him and tho throne, and prospectively were their isuo, which might cut him oQ'Irom it forever. lie was lour ycais old when his father, Paul, ascended the throne. He, with bis younger brother, Michael, received his ri''!i!ce,oii,y,i,ri;,,:;i,elr'r ,raH,l.,rtfewRfrJplsiK youth which stamped itself with terror ou his memory, was the murder of his father, Paul. Ou'tlie fearful night when that trage dy occurred, his mother caugiit up tho two joung princes in her arms, and umid tho clah of weapons and the confused voice of alarm in the palace, sho ran through the cor ridors leading to tho apartments of the Em peror, where she was stopped and forced hack by one of the conspirators. In the meantime, tho Emperor was strangled w ith a scarf by the band of asasin9, and Alexander I. was proclaimed Emjcror tho ensuing day. The first years of the reign of Alexander were so full of slirring events, that the private histo ry of his younger brothers Nicholas and Michael remains in a measure unrecorded. Tho demeanor of Nicholas is said to have been cold and reserved in bis youth to thoso around him, even to his mother, when ho had first passed tho bounds of childhood and began to understand bis real position in tho imperial palace. Ilo early manifested a love of mar tial studies, particularly the ordinary routines of field. muster ctisciplinc. The youth of Nicholas was what may ho said to b moral. In thu (rf 1 1 ;, 1 1 1 Court of his brother the Emperor Alexander, he appears to have kept himself marvellously free from intri gucs, mid to hale concentrated all his plea sures on military exercises and amusements. In 1814 Nicholas left the Court of his brother for a tour abroad. He visited Franco, Ger many, England, and various other countries, aii'l returned home eaily in 11 On the Elth of July, 1M7, beins then bard- I ly twenty-one years of age, lie married Maria Charlotte, eldest daughter of the Into king of Prussia, The bridu was about two years 1 younger than tho bridegroom. The marriago 1 soiemnued at at l'etcrsnurgli, nnd tho i bride, in accordance with Russian law, although sho came ol a Protestant family, minuted tbr, Gr.w.k r,.li,.,m, tl, Christian mines of Alexandra Feodorovvna. Thr tnnrrliti.n ! riiil tn Iim, tn.n nm, a I l.iv.. rm )t, pi(loHt ltthuii"h there was, doubtless, ,H)l,tic,il expediency mingled with it. There was a iffeat similarity between them not only in tho mijesty of figure, but. aUo in mind and ebarietcr. Ills eldest son, Alexander Nioolaiwitch, was born one jear after his marriage. In 1SKI followed tho birth nf his second child the Grand Duchess -Maria ; in 1S22 that of the Grand Duchess Olga. Alexander died December 1st, 1825. It vvns supposed by tho Itussian people that tho Grand Duko Cuiistantine, the next brother in ago to Alexander (tho latter having died without any direct heir) would succeed to the throne. Hut Constantino had some years previously resigned his claim in favor of Nicholas, tho fact being only known to tho Kmpresi-Mother. lieforo tho news of Alexander's death was bruited in tho streets of St. Petershurgh, Nieholis obtained a brief interview with tho Empress-Mother. What passed at the intor vio'v is not known. Immediately afterwards, Xicholis repiircd to tho Scnato Palaco to tike tho oath of allegiance to his brother Cuiistantine. The State Council replied by appealing to railed packets deposited by Alexander with the Scnato to b. opened after his death. Tho packet was found to bo the resignation of Constantino addressed to Alexander, a letter of Alexander assenting thereto, ami a decree which gavo the throno to Nicholas. Xicholis received the news of his brother's rcfustl of tho throne, and on tho 21th of De cember 12."j, ho formally accepted tho gov ernment, lie fised. however, December 1st, the day on which Alexander died, us the com mencement ofhis reign. A conspiracy was tho first greeting which Nicholas received ut tho very moment ho seated himself on tho throne, und tho promptness, dining, und energy, with which ho met und ijuellt u it, shadowed forth tho determined cburactor which ho has since exhibited. Wo need nut repeat the details a portion of tho army ro tolled nnd refused allegiance. Nicholas used mild measures ut first, but when tlioy wero found tn bo of no avail, a few shots of tho cannon did the rest, nnd throvvingduwn their arms tho rebellious who had survived tho firo, begged for mercy. Some of the leaders wero hung, somes'-nt'to Siberia, whilo the punish incuts ufu few wero of a lighter character. I'mm that day forward Nicholas, Czar nf Itussia, has been' firmly seated on his throno, How ho has govcrnud, how ho has improved on tho ubsoluto sovereignty of his predeces sors, until now inure that ever all its i.coido i . . .... . . .' i uro nut ono niiguty idcco oi human inaciuno ry moved and controlled by his will ulono, vvo noed not hero rclato. Neither is it necessary lor us to enter into tho events of his reign and tho ciuscr of tho proaent war, in tho midst of tho I'l.ue of which, if reports are true, ho who lighted tho tiro expires lli-ncrsonal appeannco, Nicholas is said to ll'ivo been thu handsomest man in Europe tall, commanding, with it perfect outline of form physically a fitting monument to mark tho history uf tho present age. A broad chest, a I. ico in which severity and conscious, ness of imiiusty were the predominant char acteristics, a iiioutli.regularly chiascllad, soma times beamin mildly but never smiling, oyes i which glared terribly in anger, hut calm und , mild whan tho boul wue-unrufllod such was tho inait Nicholas of Russia, Ho. ides his oldest sjin Aloxunder und tho two ' il.i t'A li.,,-, mdnt lunod Iia In..., , uiiolherHoii, tho Grand Duke Constantino. ; jV. 1', Counrr. " The moon," said a total absttincr, " is . not quite a teetotaler ; but sho lets her mod oration bo known tu nil men, fur sho only fills her horn once u month." A bystander obscrved, " Then she must fill it with some. ining very strung ior i nave seen ner nan gone myself Cyl'lio way in which tho writer of tho fol lowing notico hits right and left and deals out cuffs and compliments to both sides, is rather amusing. Wo find the articlo in the Christian Inquirer, of New York. Oil nntl Vlnegnr. COMR AND See ! WHAT IT 19 TO BX A U.NITARMN'. A Discourse delivered in Burlington, Ver mont, Nov. 20, 1851. With an Appendix. By Jusuca, Minister of tho First Congregational Church. CnntsTiAX FELtowsmr. A Discourse de livered in tho Calvinistio Congregational Church. Hurlington, Vt., Dec. 31, 1851. Uy J. II. Worcester, Pastor. Wo havo not had time, until to-day, to read these interesting sermons, which "have Iain for a couplo of weeks upon our table. It appears from theso discourses that the orthodox minister at Hurlington haddcclincd uniting with tho Unitarian minister there in a funeral service, on tho ground of an Inabi lity to recognize Unitarian as Christians. Whereupon, Rev. Mr. Vo'Jng, in commencing a scries of lectures on tho doctrines of L'nita. rianism, indirectly rebuts tho objections of Mr. Worcester, and endeavors to provo that it is prejudice, alone, which allows penplo to cntcrtiiin any such notions of Unitarianism as Mould justify them indenting it Chiistiun fellowship. The orthodox minister, perhaps, finding Ins conduct sharply criticised or care lessly misunderstood, puts forth his dis course on Christian fellowship, in which he adduces apostolic authority fur refusing God speeil to heretics, and very ably and honestly endeavors to show that Unitarian ministers fall within the ranks of false teachers. Tho sermons aro both excellent ; good samples, we arc inclined to think, of tho res pective schools of preaching they represent, fho Unitarian minister is broad and generous in his views, and appeals mainly to tho natu ral ana spontaneous sympathies ot man, His stjlo is lively and Cordial, his resources va- riuus and freelv used, with m, sn,.,-i.,l bs,.r. . vanco of saeredness or secularitv in source. Logic plays a very unimportant part in his performance, and learning none at all. Ho appeals much to sentiment, and re liesn good deal on his own character and in dividual experience. Personal asseveration of faith in Christian doctrines takes tho pl.ico of any theoretic demonstration, and an unconscious and justifiable special pleading from respectable Unitarian authorities, fur nishes the argumentative ground of his posi tions. It is manifest that the Unitarian is in a minority ; lias a largo body of jealous folk to conciliate, and can afford to yield no thing, which can be plausibly retained, ofhis ilivunVas to u, uiu.,i,.,J . ... i v...,. ivito Hmv nc recommends L nitari imsm to orthodoxy by arguments that would not he necess irv, or uf much force, to ltsown friends ; that whereas I they like it for that in which it differs Irom orthodoxy, it is commended here for what it lias in common, or in the appearance ol com mon with orthodoxy. This exhibits the ami ublencts and the weakness of Uuitarianism at once. It wants to reform, yet can't bear to differ. It comes out of orthodoxy, to get rid of it; yet can't bear to havo orthodoxy think it has got l id of it. It don't like or thodoxy, but is very unhappy if orthodoxy don't like it. In its positivo form, it is free, generous, hopeful, nnd strung as it appears in Mr. Young's sermon ; in its apologetic form, it is weak, illogical, unlearned, anil wanting in I lraiiKness ami courage, as it appears there "Hi eeiy neru u uo not IIKO It IIIO H'bS for its want of logic : for its inconsistencies, or even its independence of learning. For seeing that, in its popular form, it owes its being and prospects to its fidelity to human instincts, to its courageous sympathy with popular wants and feelings, to tho world's weariness of ecclesiastical history, and her meiieutics, nnd scbool-logic, we think it more faithful to itself, und to its mis-ion, when it holds logic and learning amenable to its own instincts and cunvictioiis, than when it en deavois to base its instincts mid convictions, where they don't rest, upon logic and learn ing. The orthodox minister is eminently Iozi- cat, learned, and scriptural. His sermon is a model of method, ol correct phiasoology, and cogent argumentation. It seems to us, too, to be candid, and written in a coo! and thoughtful spirit. It does, just wbalCalvi- nism prolesses to do holds carelullyand ; precisely to the language of the Scriptures, as the inspired vvoid ol God, and on this raniml. makes a caniinl . and for 1 see, invincible argument for denying fellow. ' shin tn I . ni . IVn tin. nut .li-!t, , John (2d Epistle, 7th verse) meant by those , that denied that Jesus Christ is cumo in tli I flesh, thoso that denied " this incarnation ol I the Word," but Air. Worcester's reasonings on that point are strong and highly j lausible, and, wo daro say learned as .Mr. Worcester, and should not like to disputo tho point with him. Hut .Mr. Worcester's sermon, like a great many other strong, and sensible, and highly Scriptural sermons of the school ho so excellently re. presents, though very logical and very (scrip tural, does not seem to us to bo very Chris. (art ; and whilo It continues unanswerable I on any ground we could both stand upon, is. noiio tho less, not a bit convincinc. It satis lies his conscience, we doubt not, und frames his conduct ; but wo don't believe it satisfies even his oicn heart. Tor we seo clearly that his Christian heart is a very pure and kind one ; it is only his theological und proles, sional heart that is narrow und unchristian. And, as vvo think he does not oven convince himself, so vvo are very sure that ho does not convince anybody else, though he may silence or contrul a great many. The fact is and every kindly and sensihlo peisjn in Am-riea feels it to be so it is a shuiiiu und a blot on Christianity, that people professing faith in Christ, nnd leading pure and blameless lives, should bo disowned and persecuted by each other on account of theoretical dilf-rences of opinion. J lint it is poisecutioii, lor n ponu lur and powerful majority tu brand with vvliat they mean furopprubriiiin, an unpopular ma jority of their Icllow-citizens, cannot bode nied. Of course it is u mild form of perseeu t ion, thanks lo thu existing statu ul public ' sentiment ; but it come.-. Ii mi the- s iiit, und j is tho proper luir, of the old Inquisition, Now, we charge this temper, or rather ap pearance of temper, in Mr, orecrter's ser mon, not tu him, but tu his Calv inism, ami his ctpital lidelity to it, lie happens to havo a very clear theological intellect, and fo bo ablo to uso it in considerable disconnection with his own good sense, and natural and ac rpiirisl feelings, We iiniigino him personally lint a whit less courteous and ch.irilablo than his neighbor Young, Hut theologically and professionally ho is bound by the necessities ul his strenuous Calvinistio brains tn ho dis courteous und uncharitable. And vvo admire him, first for his robustness, and next for Ids frankness. Hut wo do not hesitate to tell him, with all simplicity; that wc aro L'nita. riuns precisely because Calvinism leads to such conclusions ; compels men liko him to do such silly und hurtful things; that wo abandon his notion of verbal inspiration, bo causo it enables him to mako out tho apostle John as discourteous and uncharitable us ho himself haa been, and makes John's thus es tablished discourtesy und unchuritahleiicss a model, and argument, and "onimanduient for bis own. Wo aro more certain that such bo haviour is indeoent und unhallowed, than wu lire that John wrote his epistle, or that tho Bible is verbally inspired. Wo are more confident that the dogmas and spirit of Cal vinism thus evidenced are erroneous and incredible, than that uny body knows what tho Now Tostument theory of Christ's naturo is, or Paul's notion of thu Atuneuicnt. Wo cannot sneak for others, but no authnritu ' could make that Athnnaslan creed cndiMa to I us how far wo aro influenced by our moral intiiincn out very sirungiy, wo presume in nnuing nu uutuuriiy i lor it in too scrip tures, it would ho folly fur us to attempt to estimate We cannot agree with Mr. Young in think, ingthatMr. Worcestoreitheriuisunderstunds l Cth, That every human h:ing, be he Chris or misrepresents Unitarianism. Ho under- i tian or not, is solemnly bound, und will be held stands it, und don't like it. Wc understand ueenuntablo beforo God, to livo not forhim- Calvliiism. and don't Ilka it. Ho declares i uiir ,i.i. tn iipiviiii tit lit itn ii iyan tint tn I ii k- , certain things to lo true uf I'liitarianisui, I which Mr. Young expresses great surprise ouu niuu iiiuignaiion, iney uo not," Bays Mr Worcester, us quoted by XIr Young, " even, ot o denomination, profess to takn tho Bihlo ns their creed, nnd to submit their faith to tho decisions of that book no, not even the lllblo as they understand it'' a state ment to which wo can oppose no honest de nial, taken in tho Bonse in which tho writer uses and Intends It. For certainly, tho sort ofuso, the kind of difference, which Calvin ism practices towards tho Scriptures, is not characteristically our own. there nro, doubt-1-ps, very many Unitarians who uso the Bible in nn orthodox spirit, and study it to disin ter the buried theology of tho book ; but characteristically, Unitarians road and study the Bible for Its general spirit and positive history j ns a depository nf fuels nnd princi ples which will enable them, conjointly with the light of reason nnd tho development" of the religious experience of tho world, to mako up their Christian creed. To say that they do not feel tho devoutest lovo and reverence for tho Bible, wo should judgo to be a misre presentation j hut not so to say that they re gard it very differently from orthodoxy, as a directory of theological opinions, Tho truth is, wo value Unitarianism for What orthodoxy depreciates it, and wo sup pose its chief merits to bo just where Cal vinism finds its chief faults." We say this in ho defying or complacent temper, but in sim ple manliness and truth, We consider it im portant to avow that what orthodoxy de. nounces as our infidelity, is our Christianity ; that she is not mistaken ill Imagining that our general view of Christianity is very diffe rent from hors, and, in some respects, quite opposite to It ; nnd that wo believe tho pro. grcs.s of truth lies in our direction. Mr. Worcester understands Uiiitnrianism, we doubt not ; and he thinks it (measuring it by his theological standards and habits of thought) dangerous ami unchristian. It is so, if his theology bo sound and his methods of exegesis correct; and wo thank him for saying so. Wosupposo we understand Calvin ism ; and we don't like it ; and we aro as frco as Mr. Worcester to say so, nnd we presume ho will thank us for it. But we are very happy 111 thinking Mr. W oreester a Christian man a wonderfully Christian i.l.til, con! ler!n his creed and here wo think we have the advantage of him. it would be so painful to us to think God hated him, or that God bade us shoulder him out of our way, on tho road to a funeral ; so mortifying" to us to bo obliged to set up Tor a more Christian man than he ; so absolutely dreadful to look upon 1 im and bis (millions as they are) as good, worthy folks on tho way to hell, that wo cannot hut congratulate ourselves on our Unitarian laxity of charity and looseness of hopo, and present even our very fault and error in bis eves, as a claim to his envy, and even nn argument against hi" "-' ""a i) o cannot, nowever, attach as much im r.ort.llr"; many, to the standing of Unita '' in too innrcn. the Church in which Mr. Young devoutly believes docs not believe in him, Wo mean by the Church, tho great visible orgsnizatiou of Christen dom : and as wo believe full as much in tho invisible church, which is the Christian heart of Christendom, as in the rcprescnta tion of tho positive institutions of Christian ity, wo consider the sympathy which Unita rianism tins Iron, tin. f'lirt.,i!in .,..,,. f., . more decisive and valuable than the endorse- 1 ments or forbearance it receives from sects, und denominations, nnd clergymen. Of the respectful, affectionate, and fraternal recog nition nnd appreci ition nf this Chiistlin world, in its literature, its life, its social and civic confidence, I'nit.irhinism has no ground of complaint. Histoid ins, poets, artists, statesmen, men nf genius, nnd feeling, and popular power the people in their best and Ireest hours, and in their indirect actions nil show ipiiie as much respect, nfl'.ct:nn and .Uti!!U.tilU mi IMII Lllll.liliii r.ilti,, nl) no. rits ; and for its representatives even moro tbnn they deserve. While this continues and increases vvo can spare the countenance of our Calvinistio clergy in our funeral ser v ices, and even bear without serious incon venience or bard feeling , their doubts about our ultimate salvation, which wo know must cost them many anxious hours and painful emotions. For their own sakes, would they could be easy about ns ' The Duty ol" the Illch Iliisiness .linn The following is from a recent "Money Ar ticle in the N. . Independent. That arti- eln ia In be fnrmchei! I,,- tr is understojd to !0wr.s, of the great silk firm ol lloweii, Mc .. r . . . ., ' ' Niunce x Co., a rich business man himself : In such a great city as New York there are thousands who have retired from active busi ness, and live from year to year upon the in terest of their money or the income uf their property. They have gathered and ..ifely in vested the fruits of many vcarsof bard toil, and now they mean to bo independent and free. While'iiecumulating their fortune they were good neighbors and iiselul citi.en. They would olten respond to the call of the poor and needy, and. if they were christians, would add now and then their contribution to uiil in spreading light and truth abroul in a dark and sinful world. The day uf tbiir "retirement" has at length emue, and what has come with it happiness I Weshallsee. Their money is, perhaps, invested in stocks, bonds, or real estate, llaving nothing else to do, they must now watch tho market, day by day. If "Krio" goes up one per cent., they say, "What a foul I was that I didn't buy a lew shares yesterday'" If "Harlem" falls, what a fall their spirits have' Nothing goes right, all day. If their "rents" are not promptly paid, us they "have nothing else to do," they will run utter their unfortunuto tonants, and perhaps reeulro tu tur n thoni all .. VII l.i. .. ...i.ti .. smoothly, and every dollar of their property I bring in a splendid'iiieome. What, then, is to bo done ! Tho nld hous j is too small ur ! too uncomfortable, and a new ono must bo , bought. Perhaps tho expense of a journey to Iaimpo would not exceed their income if it does, "a summer at Newport would bode lightful " At ono time, it is nil stocks, bonds, houses, and lauds, here, tit. 'ro nnd nil over. At another lime, it is how shall I kill time must pleasantly, what shall 1 eat, what shall I drink, and vv herevvithall shall 1 bo clothed, Oueo they could think no.v and then of others, of their wants and tluir sor rows, but now, "being out of business," they have no money tu give away, nnd therefore don't want to buther themselves very much witli other peoples' troubles. Are such men really happy ! No. They aro of .ill men most miserable. Are they at rest and free from caro ' No. T'hev havo mora t-aro and anxiety than ever before. They are living for themselves. They uro intensely selji'h ; and sooner will tho heavens and earth pass away, than one jot or tittle nf that ininiuta bio law change, which forever stands to re buko thoso, who, in living for themselves, and forgetting others, violato the gi cat foun dation prin. iplo of human happiness. In view of tho foregoing, winch we bclicvo is not an overdrawn picture, vvo unhesitating ly declaro 1st. That no man, in good health an 1 in tho enjoyment of all his faculties, has any jiffA to 'retire, from activo business, however rich ho may he, CI, That tho merchant and banker is us much bound to continue Ai business, for the siko of doms gi'od, as is tho tainistor, tract distributor, or a missionary unionp tho he.v then, 3d. That uo nun has any right to relin quish a largo und profitable business for the sako of cast, unless hy so doing he is suro more good to others will bo the result. -1 tli . That in proportion to tho increase of wealth, in that proportion must it be mod to lenejii others, or it will surely, in tho very tni, naturool things, bo the source oi direct mis- 5th. That wc aro so constituted hy a vvio i-roator, that vvo cannot no truly nappy, un lfi we labor for tho happiness of others dho lifb of our groat Exemplar was spent in doini? eond. and as servants uo should iini tuto our Master. at . latu hiins.ilf (mm tho world, but to livo. us- ing all his resources to relievo, elevate re 1 7th That any man who acts contrary to nno, and Christianize his fellow men. theso plain Scripture toachlngs may expect no smiling favor from Above, and no satisfac tory enjoyment in any lnoasuro of earthly richest Tho Pnnnma Railroad. Tho following history nnd description of the now Highway of Nations across tho Isth mus, is from tho .Vein York Herald : Tho attention of the world has long been turn ed toward tho Isthmus as a way of shorten ing the routo to tho Indies Various pro jects Imvo been Conceived with this end In view. In January. 1835, a grant was made to Charles Baron de Thierry, sovereign chieT nf Now Zealand, by the President and Depu ties of the Republic of New Oranadat for the construction of a canal between the two oceans to connect the Hay of Panama and licinin Bay, by way of tho Rio Grande nnd ChagrcJ river the canal to bo adapted to vessels drawing ten feet water, atld to bo call ed the Panama Canal. Tho grant to extend over a period of fifty years. In 1C30, Colonel 'Biddle, brother uf Nichol as Biddle, procured a grant for a railroad or macadamized road, subject to the non-fulfd-ment of Thierry's grant. In 1837, Biddle died. In 1838, the Now Grnnidian govern ment failed to carry out its contract with Thierry, and made n, grant for 01) years, to Salamon .t Co., for a railroad or canal. This contract fell through. It was not until American capital and American enterprise took hold of tho project that this great work was carried to a success ful conclusion a work that had long agita ted tho hopes and fears of tho commercial world. In June, 1850, the Panama Railroad Company was organized under a charter from the State of New York. In 1850 a contract was made between the New Grcnadian gov ernment and John I,. Stephens, granting the privilege for forty-nino years of constructing and working tho railroad. Tho government ' reserved the right to rcsumo possession ai I ,l.n ort.l nf lwinlv rears, on navment of five millions of dollars, or at the expiration of thirty years, on paying two millions of dol. lars. The company pays to the government three per cent, of the profits of tho enter prise. No taxes are to bo imposed on pro perty of the company. Government stores to bo carried free. In June, 1850, tho first ground was broken on the road. Tho first opening of any por tion of the road took placo in March, 1852. when trains were first run to CMtun, a (lis tancc of seven miles. InthnJuly following, the road was extended to Birhacoa, a dis tance of 23 miles. In February, 1831, it was .,.....,iio Obispo, 31 miles in length. Ono train a day, except Sundays, is run through each way the whole lensth of tho road, now extending from ocean to ocean, a distance of in I,. " m.-r . rv, II ...l.i-l. 40 miles. Hie ursv -o luues, wiiien were, m a great extent, built upon piles, are now filled in. and the rains of the past season havo not caused any material settling of the work on the eastern or northern sides. The equipments in power consists of six heavy nnd four light locomotives. The ne cessary machine shops. &c, are now tempo- . a r a ,....!.::... ij raruy consirucicu ui huuu, ijui it is inicnuen to suostnuiG iron, as uisj tor wic uriuges. Tllis is necessary in a climate where wood lasts but a short time. Goine from tho At lantic, the highest grade is filty-throo foot to the mile. From the Pacific, sixty feet. The worst radius of curve is six hundred feet. At the highest point, tho summit, tho road lies two hundred ana tiny icet nuovo the level ol the sea. Tho faro now charged is g2.1, and ten cents per pound extra for baggage. Thu freight is rated in three classes, tho lowest beinc per ton, and tho highest 60. Tho company has now about IJ.OUO labor ors encaecd ivaces cisbty cents a day and found. A police force of forty men has hero- toloro oeen mainmiueu ny too company on the line of the road for protection against robbers. The creator part of these have been exterminated or banished, and the force is now reduced to twelve men. Thevare under i tho comman 1 of tho indomitable Horn Hun- ! noli. At Astunwall the company owns a harbor , quite ncces-iblo and well protected, except 1 from northerly winds. A few weeks ago a ' i intent norther dismasted u vessel, nnd rnre away a portion of the company's wharf and tho building on the same. At sufficient cx- i pe'iso a weak-water may probably be built to liuprove una ni v,i ... The charter now obtained requires the Pa. j cifie terminus to be at Panama. New enndi , tiens will have to bo made beforo it can be carried farther. ! At the Panama end of tho road the f.icili. i ties for freighting may bo estimated Irnm the I desciiption of the transit of the excursion party irom uiu rauruau 10 me town, aim . thenco to tho propeller Columbus, in the bay. First, three-fourths or a mile of carriage tu i small boats, then one and a half miles in i small boats to tho receiving vessel. All this j haiidlinr; of merchandise must bo vastly ex 1 pensive. Hence the necessity is quite apparent fur I changing the terminus of the road, now- by the charter located at Panama. Tho com pany have purchased three small islands ut a distance of ono and a half or two miles from I the main land south of Panama (tho road i now entering the city on tho North s'ule), whero sufficient waterand protection affords a i good harbor. To these islands tho road will ' probably bo carried. This is the only expe ! client short of u basin in the bay and u tidal lockage, not impracticable, perhaps, where the tide rises and falls daily twenty-two fset. The consumed capital Is now six millions. Seven millions aro said to bo wanted. Doubt less seven millions will bo required bofuro the harbor at Aspinvvall is protected, and the iron and stone buildings ana wharves provided, Heforo the roadway is mado solid and securo, and before tho Panama terminus is carried to tho islands nnd tho necessary appliances aro located thero for a freighting business, probably ten millions will bo required, pos sibly twelve Tho ltuilwny Suspension Hridec nt Xing nrn l'ulls. From the Buffalo Express Tho prediction, hy that justly celebrated engineer Stevenson, that no wire suspension bridge could ever bo used for railway pur poses has, as was predicted uy tno projec tors of this enterprise, been proved erroneous. Ilo must have looked with a jealous eyo from his own favurito Tubular Bridge upon this great desigo, and allowed his professional pr judices to warp his excellent judgment. Tho bridgo proves to bo all that its accent, nlished onciueor. Mr. ftoobelin, has claimed for it, nnd will undoubtedly sustain the weight which vvo giro in figures below. Its strongth, indeed, can ncvei bo fully tested tlio weight of a fully laden train being but a trifle in comparison to its capacity. A train of einht cars, filled, with riasjengers. two bag gago cars, locomotive and tender, weigh but about 130 tons ; this being only one-sixtieth oT its imnicnso capacity. The influenco that tho union of Itailroads will have, both in a commercial and social point of view, can hardly bo over-estimated judging from tho enormous traffio that already seeks this delightful and expeditious routo under the berotuforo existing want of connections of the Hallways terminating at tho Bridgo. The Railway nortion of tho Bridge is, we vindorstand, leased and controlled hy tho 1 Great Western Railway Comrianv. and has laid upon it tracks of "throo dineront gauges viz : Tho ' N. Y. Central." 4 feet fi : Tho " Elinira, Canandaigua and N, Falls,' 6 feet ; Tho ' Groat Yo5tern." 5 feet 6 inches ; thus affording facilities for tho transit of passengers ana lreignt irom an tno oiucront lines. Tho following statistics will giro some idea oi me ureal iiriugu unu us capacity. Length of span from centre to centre of towers, S'22 feet Height uf tower abovo rock on the American side, 83 " Number of wiro cables, 4 Diameter of each cable, 10 inch Number of No. 9 wires on each cablo, 3053 I'ltimato aggrccato strength of chIiIos, 12400tona, Weight of superstructure, 750 tons. ana mnxium loads. 1250 " Maximum weight tho cable and stays will support, iouu " Height of track a' ovo water, 234 feet. Tho Engineer. Mr. Roehelin is. we under stand, a Oerman, and thisj undoubtedly the crowning achievement of Ins skill, will rank him amongst tho greatest Engineers of his day. Journal of the Beige of Scbnutopol. Tho of tho siege furnished hy the correspondents of the London Times, received by tho Africa, extends from Feb. Oth to tho 15th, both inclusive. It is evident from tilts, that tho Allies were in daily ex pectation of some important event. Tho weather continued changeable bright and warm sunshine, with tho thermometer rang ing from 52 5 to "1 , alternating with rain, snow anil wind, .viarcli was anticipated with apprehension It Is said to resemble Novem ber. Hitter cold, storms of rain, hull and snow, accompanied with high winds, are said to prevail. From the Journal of the Sicuo wc select some of the inure important details : l'f iiiti'.utv Oth. I do not remember if I mentioned to you in my last letter the fact! that the Russians bad cut into the gallery of a Frencli mine, and bad destroyed an ollicer of tho engineers, und somo men, by sinoko balls, after which they blew up tho mine. It is unfortunately too "true. Our allies had their revenge. When the Russians came out, us usual, last night, tho French got three 1H pounders in readiness, and carefully laid them on tho approach to the sally-port, nicely , i ! .. ml... Biorc'l vviiu grape unu camsier. i no t-neinj inailo their sortie under a tremendous can nonade from the batteries, and then rushed in upon the works, but were received with such destructive vollios of Minies nnd mus ketry, that they were speedily driv,in mor the trench towards the town. The three guns were fired right into their retreating columns ut short ranges, und continued to plough them up with round shot till they got under cover of their wurks. Seven Russians wero killed inside tho trenches, and remained there. Many wounded men were carried off, and it is conjectured that 251) or 300 were killed und wounded beforo they reached tho town. The French lost about 50 in all, killed and wounded. Tho "navvies" aro working away heartily, pulling duvvn the racketty bouses und frag, ments uf bouses, near the post office of Bila klava, so as to form the terminus of the first bit of tho Grand Crimean Central Railway (with brunch line tuSebastojiol.) Feb. 8th. This morning a rumor having got abroad that the Russians wero approach ing, the allies prep ired for them in the fol lowing manner Tho alarm spread the har bor was soon involved in it. Capt. Christie sent orders round to all the largo merchant steamers to bo in readiness tn render nil tho aid in their power ; and Admiral Hoxer or dered tho men of the Vesuvius to be landed, and the sailors of the transports to bo armed and in readiness for service. The Wasp and Diamond, all cleared lor action and moored stern to stern, so as to form a floating batte ry, commanded tho approach of the harbor Irom the land side, acirce a sounu was au dible near us, except nt long intervals tho monotonous cry nf the sentries, "Number 1, and all's well," or the bells striking tho hours on hoird the ships, but terrible silvocs of artillery and ineeisant vollyes of musketry from tho front before Sebastopol told that the Frene'.i and Russians had availed themselves uf tho moonlight to continue their cnnteU with fresh vigor. The sullen roar of the heavy inorturs, which came booming upon the ear twice or thrice in every minute, bespoke the deadly 1133 which our allies were miking against the city of the heiuty of the morn ing. In tho rear, around the deep valleys und on the giant crage towards tho sea, ull was silent. The men behind tho trench which defends our position Irom Halaklava to the seaboard, scaieelv snoke'above a whisper, and wero almost lust to sight, but the moonlight played cm long lines of bright barrels and sparkling bayonets, which just crested us it were the dark outlines nf the breast-vvurk behind which the English, French, and Turks were lying in readiness for the enemy. All this was in consequence of information received from a Tartar Spy, of an intended assault un the allied lines. No assault was made, but tho journal continues : Tho railroad is making very respectable itrugress. it has wound Us way up the great er part of the in lit, street of I! ilakl iva, and the engine has been astonishing the Turksby great pulls uf steam Irum its iron lungs, and hy sundry suneKO unu screams, as 11 11.11 neeu put in play by the engineers outside the post olfice yard, in urder tn see if its health ur con stitution has suffered by tho sea voyage I he railroad is simply constructed the wooden . 1 . 1 1 .11 ., sleepers are i.iiu uiwn loiiiiuucuiaiij uu i .1 lied of stones on tho road, and tho rails are fastened down on them. It nearly lills up the breadth of tho main street. About 50 yards of rail have lieen laid down in the street, but tho road is, in many places, in a stuto of lor. wardness, and will soon be ready to receive tho rails. Tho road winds outaiue tlie church of Kadikei. Feo. 12th. rour, P..M. the wcatherlias changed again. Tho sun is out, the rain is over, and a celd drying wind is blowing over the plain, the rrencn uro arming uur rigui attack. The left attack is completely armed. There is no appearance of any considerable lorco Ot ivussians eitner to iiiu norm 01 ! topol or over the heights of Halaklava. The preparations to remedy our great error in tho plan ot our nrsi auacs., piue-uuu sapiuij. is now saiil that vvo ought to have stormed tho Redan nnd tho Round Tower (MilaknlT) the very first day, as soon as our Uro hud near- ly silenced their batteries. 1 lie trench are 111 high spirits, aim say iiie win mo rcauv iu march into tho place in liftecn days. Our troops aro in better condition, and huts are being erected on every side. Fin. lorn. Uist night the wind increased in force, blowing in strong gusts nnd squalls, which tore down tents and the materials lor hutting on tho heights over Hal.1kl.1va, and sent them clattering down tho hill. This wind, hot anddry us one uftho warm breezes uf tho tropics, sucked up tho moisture of the roads as it passed, and tho tracks of deep mud and tho waste of earth and water on which our camp stands aro rapidly becoming solid so rapidly, indeed, that the effect is littlo short of, It much resembles the Mediterranean sirocco. The thermometer exposed uutsido my quarters marks 110 less than 71 degrees. 1'ho general direction of tho wind, as far as 1 can judge, is from tho eouth.60uth-c.iat to south-west. Under its influenco, under tho strange change of tem perature, tho bulboua roots, which seem to abound in tho soil of the Chcrsnneso, aro put- ting forth shoots with vigor, and crocuses ana hyacinths, somo in flower, havo pushed their bright green leaves above the black surface of Tho soil, and. by their fcfehneasand vivid ness of color, afford a strong contrast to tho stonlo aspect of the hoof-betrodden ground. Towards night the violence of the gile abated i'ho Fiold Marshal cauio down to Halaklava yesterday and visited tho various public establishments in the tovvn.and inspec ted tho progress of the railway. There wue another sortio lust night, which tho French rcpulied with a lessor 35 killedand wounded and missing. Tho Russians lost at least as many in thoir hajty retreat. Tho worka on our right are in splendid order. Tho nnds havo dried so rapidly us to admit of tho pas sago of artillery. The railroad is now com. pltod for about 000 yards towards tho town of Kadikoi. Tho division of General Bosquet on our right and "in roar of our right (link waa rein forced to-day hyupwarda of 8000 men, ao that it Wquite probable the rumors wo hear of 11 rcoonnoieianco in force lioing likely to take place in a few days under hi command aro true, and that tho mysterious disappear ance of tho Russians Irom our rear will be explained nnd their proient position ascer tained. The man that " Oh'd ' for a lodge in somo vast wilderness" has finally paid up AGIUCULTUHAL. ron the rntt: mess. Mr. Editor : Will you explain or pre o commentary on an article in your paper oflost week with " Terra Culture" at its head, as and tho word mny be understood if anything new. I wish to know how to "terra culture" a tree, certainly if the effect is so wonderful and better than a plain spades compost heap nnd elbow grease ia, my poor icrubi should havo the benefit of it. Your friend Mr. Comstock has one good quality yfrjereranct und then his plan is an admirable ono i surely one hundred or one thousand men can do moro than ono, particu larly in keeping a secret. An ordlnaryman would long since have become discouraged. After many unsuccessful attempts to sell his secret (which he probably believed more val liable than Mr. Forsyth's, for which tho Brit ish Government pild 20,000. moro than sixty years since, and which is seldom heard oT now), ho brought the whole matter beforo tho New Virk State Agricultural Society, when the following action was hud on it at tho Annual Meeting of the Society in 1651 : " Jan. loth. Mr. J. IS. Nutt. nf Albany, wished to oil! the uttentinn of tho'ty 10 a discovery made ov .Mr. umisiocn, 01 Dutchess "That cntfein in believed his dis covery important, und Mr. N. moved acom- nnttee ol live lo corner with .ur v.. as vs what action it would be proper to take in the premises, their teport to bu submitted to a fu ture meeting of the Society. " Mr. I,. F. Allen suggested llrat the report be made to the Executive Committee or to tho Society, as the Society would not have anuther meeting for a twelve month. " Mr. A. believed thero was something at the bottom of this discovery particularly use ful to treeculturers, however Utopian it might appear. " Mr, B;?kmin stited bis views and expe rience in reg ird to tho principle, which ho deemed really important. Ilu did not how ever deem Mr. C. the discoverer of the prin ciple, for he bad seen it acted upon long be fore he ever saw Mr. Comstock who had en trusted him with tho secret." " The resolution was amended as proposod by Mr. Allen and adopted." " The chair appointed the following com mittee, Messrs. Nott, Downing, Van Bergen, L. F Allen and Prentice." January 10." Mr. Allen, ol Erie, in tho absence of tho Chairman of the committee to whom was referred tho claimed discoveries of Russell Comstock nf Dutches, Co., on ve getation, reported nftcr a conference with Mr. Comstock, that the committee came to tho unanimous opinion that no new discovery had been made by Mr. Comstock. Nor was his practice different frcm that of experienced nursery-men heretofore, and which may bo found described in puhlio works and al though important in themselves, the commit tee do not deem it proper for the society to recommend to the Legislature any appropri ation to Mr. Comstock as the discoverer. ' This was the last (though not the first) I had heard of Mr. C's. "new discovery" until in your paper this evening. G Hurlington, March 19, 1S55. To Itnise Giant Asparagus. A writer in ono of the early volumes of tho Horticulturist, (Mr. Downing, we believe,) tells us how to grow common Asparagus so that it will ulwava rival any giant produc tion, lie says . Every one who has seen my beds has beg ged me for the seed thinking it a new sort but 1 liavo pointed to the manure heap (the farmer's best bank) and told them that tho secret all laid there. Tho sight was only such as might be seen in every garden About the first of November as soon as the frost lias well blackened the Asparagus tops I take the scythe and mow all down close to the suriacc 01 mc oeu ; ici it lie u day or two, then set fire to the lieapof stalks, burn it to ashes, and spread tho ashes over the bed. I then go to my barn-yard ; I take a load of clean, fresh stable manure, and add there to hall a bushel of lien dung ; turning over and mixing the w bole together throughout. I'liisiuakis 11 pretty powerful compost. I ! apply one such load to every twenty feet in length uf my Asparagus beds which are six feet wide. V1tl1 .1 stiung three-pronged spud ' or lurk. I di ' this dressing under. The whole is now lelt lur the winter. In the spring, us early us possible, I turn the top uf toe b d over lightly, uuce more. Now , as the Aspiragus grown naturally on the side uf the oeean and loves sitt water, I give it un unusual supply of its'favoriie con diment. I cover the suilaceol the bed alsiut a ipaarter uf un inch thick with line packing salt ; it is not too much. As the spring rains cume down, it gradually dissolves. Not a weed will uppear during the whole season. Everything clso, pigweed, purslin, all refuse to grow un top ol my Asparagus beds. Hut it would du your eyes good to see the strong, stout, tender stalks of the plant itself push up through the surface early in the season. I do not ut all stretch a point when I say that they uro as largo around us my hue h in die, and us tender and succulent us uny I ever tasted. The satuo round of treatment is giv en to my bed every year. American Agri. culturist. Randall &. Jones' Corn-Planter. We have examined Randall & Jonea' Double Hand Corn-planter, and bolieve the following description of it and its merits to bo correct. " Its superiority consists in its dispatch, accuracy, and simplicity. One man can plant an aero in an hour' with ease, and hy "crowding," two acres in un hour. Ten ueres is un easy day's work for one man. This machine has tho only safe principle of depositing corn by machinery, and that is, by means of the '" tonguo and tube." No reliancocan ho placed upon the simple tonguo either us a thrustcr or dropper In this machine tho tongue is sheathed to its end in a tube, and thus enters tho ground prssing the earth for a moist bed in which to placo tho corn; tho tongue then draws up, while the tube remains, keeping the earth out of tho hole, whilo it permits the corn to drjp into it ; tho tongue then returnsand sets the corn into tho bed, and the tongue and tubo both leavo the ground at the same time, per. mltting tho earth to fall in and cover tho corn, which iu mellow soil, is perfectly dono. Rut if tho earth is damp or hard, so that it ' packs," you havo but to touch the point, (tho tonguo and tubo) by the side of tho bole, and covering is secured in tho worst of soils. The doublo machine is capable of being con vertod into two singlo ones, with perfect ease. Let tho farmers look at this machine, beloro purchasing elsewhere. The pneo of a singlo machine is four dollars, the doublo ono eight dollars." Call at Davet & Doom tle's, in Hurlington, or on W. R. Peasz, Agent, in Charlotte, and seo one. Grafting the Sugnr Mar'e. H. Steahni, of Folchvillo, Vt.. calls the at tcntion of cultivators to the importance of the cultivation of the augar maple, not only on account of its cool rolreahing ahade, but more especially for the purpoae'of manufac turing augar. After ulluding to tho variotiet into which tho sugar maple runs, some rare specimen! of which far exceed othora in beauty and donse ness of growth, which desirable characterit. tica may lie perpetuated hy budding or graft, in;, he examines morAroinutely thedifference in the taccharino productiveness of certain specimens. He assures ua that the beat trees produce fifteen pound of sugar per annum, or more thun three times that afforded hy infe rior specimena. He propoaesto line the pub. lie road with trees propagated from the moat productive) tho country nfTorda.Dr that a sin gle aero of ground ho planted on each farm with one hundred troea. Cultivating them with crops for ten years, and allowing five ad ditional years for growth, they are estimated us large enough fur tapping. Ffteen pounds from each will afford hlteeu hundred pounds

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