Newspaper of Evening Star, May 23, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Evening Star dated May 23, 1855 Page 2
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EVENING STAR. WASHINGTON PITY: WEDNESDAY AFTB1W01I May 23 TaCBNTH FOR TnE STAB The following persona are authorised to contract for the publication of adver tisements m the Star: Philadelphia?V. B. Palw?, N. W. comer of Third and Chestnut streets. New York?S. M. Pbttiikiill & Co., Nassau street. ] Boston?V. B. Palmra, Scollay'a Building. V a i i Ifi - ' " " SPIEII OJ THE MOJMIVe FAJL88. Tb? Union says of tb? Action of the Mtiu chusetts Legislature. in passing the infanaous perioral liberty Mil over the T?to of Goeersor Oardner. ?? " ? ?HJrtvernor Gardner g*rw a tew way o* enacting iiaznlet without the Priaoe. Be screed with hia confederates to re bake their abolition movements, and they agree, no doubt, to let him do so, provided he will give them equal liberty to rehnke him. ilence Hamlet becomes a mere figment of the pieoe, and is overwhelmed by the other characters. The JUft performance of Governor Gardner is to veto the bill practically repealing the fugitive slave law, lately passed by the Massachusetts Legislature. The sequel is that the Legisla ture turn about, ana pass the bill, over his head, by immerse majorities in both branches. 2he vote is so large against the veto that we are rather surprised the Governor should not have made more friends for himaelf before he concluded to take the responsibility. '? The Virginia election is certainly a rare magician ! It very nearly made Senator Wil son a 4 national' mac. It seems to have quite capsized Governor Gardner. If it lasted a few d?ys lotger, who knows that it would not have oonverted Hale. Seward, and Sumner? Lut if. it goes against these abolition mana gers, it may be some trouble for them to? re cover arms.' " The Union also says that Col. J. W. Forney il not and has not been in any way interested in public lands in Kansas. This is said in contradiction to a silly roorback.of the Now York Herald, embracing such a charge. The lnt$iligene*r praises Gov. Gardner for his veto of the " Personal-Liberty bill'' passed over that act by the Kaow?Nothing Legisla ture of Massachusetts. GoDEy's Lady's Book, fobJlsb ?Col. Joe S'aillington has sent to us the latest number of chit popular magazine; which, in addition to interesting literature, contains, among other illustrations, several fashion pi a tea. PSR?OSAl.. . ..S<.meof tho Northern and Western pa p?r.? speak in favorable terms of Mayor Wood of N?w York, as a candidate for tho Presiden cy of th? United States " ....Miss If'xabe'.h Ann Smythe, one of the ladies who accomp^vied Miss Nightingale to Scutari died in the hospital Kululu, of lever, after an ilinej" cf only eight days, caught in the discharge of her arduous duties. .... it is stated that. having been ? oua'od ' from the Legislature of Mcssachssetts, Mr. Hiss is now ubout to gi\e a series of reform lectures. ....ihc charge of embestletnent of the funds of the Petersburg. Ya , Kail road Com pany, preferici against Henry I) Bird, Lsq , the late president of tbi road, has been dis posed of by the grand jury at Petersburg ig noring the bill. .. ..The Kev. John Chambers, in a review of hi* pwtorial life, on Sunday, stated that he preached his first sermon on the third Sunday cf Ji.iy, 1^25, thirty years ago. He ha3 preached since then. 6.240 sermons, and mar ried 1.467 eoaploj. Besides these the Rev. gentleman has delivered a large number of address*?. Ao. Mrs E. L. Per?e, of the American Board cf Missions at Gables, Africa, died at that place on the 24th of February. ....^aeen Victoria will be thirty-six years old to-morrow, the papers say. Who cares* . ...Wm Mathew?, late of Bsckingham eonnty. Va , has been elected prosecuting at torney of San Jose, California. ....The statement in the New York Times, that Mrs. De Blacque. who w*a a daughter of Dr Mutt, of New 1 ork. died suddenly in Paris in consequence of receiving a letter from Con atantiocple announcing that her husband had married again, is contradicted. Sho is said to have fallen a victim to a violent attack of ty phu? lever. Wab Between Vexe^cela ahd New Gram, ada?The Congress of Veneauela has author ised President Monagas to raise an army of fifty thousand men, call out the national mili tia, and negotiate a loan of four millions of dollars, to carry on a war against New Gran ada. which had invaded the territory of Vone luela. At Port? Cabello the laboring classes were being impressed into the service, to car. xy on the war As Atrocious Outuaob ?The Mobile Re gister gives the followiag details of an attro cious outrage c mmittod in that vicinity : It appears that the proprietors of the Dog River Factory had given a piece of gTound on which has been erected a building tor school and religious pmpo^es The services hare been occasionally supplied for some time past by Catholic prints from the Spring Hill Col lege /he Father Nashcn has for the last eigfcteen months been in the habit of offi ciating a.' this chapel. On Sunday morning last, uhile ii hia i Uv'gy on the road to the fac tory. and about * mile from it, he was stopped by four a.en. The> inquired if he was a Catholic priest, anu bein^ answered in the affirmative, they desired him t? get cut of his buggy. The Kev Father thinking their man ner ao*v icicus. hesitated a moment, but on re flecting that seme jerscn might be sick, and in necu ot his services, Le complied Upon reaching the ground, he was seized and dragged < IT the road into the woods, where he was held by two of the villmns. while the ether two beat him severely, the one with his fi-ts about his heed and face, and the other with a large stick on ether parts of his person Having brutally beaten him in this manner one of the lour arew out a dirk or bowie knife. and Lolding it towards their\ictim, told biie that if bo ever attempted to go to the factory for the purpose of preaching, he would feel that weapon, that the punishment now ix.flicfed was nothing to what he would suffer !f he per?i?ted in coming down They then left him to pursue his way as best he could. Bleeding and taint ho managed to reach the factory, and it was some time before he was sufficiently recovered to return hotne aith aa escort wLlcb was provided for him. We hea d laat evening that the Kev Father is in a v?ry precarious state, and badlv bruised about the head. The police are on the track, and we hope that the perpetrators ot this outrage cn the person of a defenceless and uneff.-nding min liter of Hod, on his way to perform the fane ticas ftf bis ministry, will ^eet the punish ment its enormity demands. Neuro Bot with Snow Wuitk Wool.?We yesterday noticed in the s'reet quite "a nut for physiologists to crack," in the shape of a negro boy s head. The boy was some twelve or thirteen jr*n of age, healthy looking, well grown, very black end "kinky haired,'' and what was remarkable in his physiology, was a triangular patch of snow trAttr troot, the low er part ot w-iich ran down to to the centre of his forehosJ, whence it extended back to the c?mtT? of the head gradually widening, and with perfectly dehned ed^es The rest of bis wool would havo been whitened by a sprinkling of coal dast. ..The boy said he was "bora that way.' ar.d. evidently proud of the singulari ty. wore determity like a crown ?Moinle /lJvertt%tr. WASII1H6T0H NEWS ASP GOSSIP. Trial by Jury.?The Oanstitution of thi United States guarantees to all men. white and black, whether citiiens or not, the right of trial by jary; and the law of every State, as well as all legal 'Bngl1fti apd American precedent np to this time, affirm that right to be the great bulwark of civil liberty. In the case of criminal*, and fugitives from labor, it is provided that this right thai! be enjoyed in the jurisdiction from whence the person ar rested had fled, as there and there only all the witness? can ha conveniently brought into conrt, and the jary can {ally and justly af pre oiate all the incidental circumstances of the esse. So far, no effort has been mode to ob tain, for the criminal held in one State for ex tradition to another State where his offence was committed, Atrial by jury whdk arrested. The idea ia so prepostorous that the wildest aboli tionist and psaudo philanthropist of erased New England has never thought of broaching it. Y et, let a runaway negro reach New England with his lawful master olose on his heels, and the community rise by tens of thousands toia. sist on his enjoying the privilege of a jury trial hundreds of miles from where he com mitted his offence against the laws; by a jury, too, of persons notoriously sympathising with him, who deny the binding force of the law for the infraction of which the Constitutes of the United States expressly provides that he shall be surrendered, to be tried. While thus up in arms, as Massachusetts always is to se cure for the negro the privilege of a jury trial' where, to grant it, will set all law at defiance and surely deprive the owner of his lawful rights, the present Legislature of the State have formally conferred on every justice of the peace the right to condemn to extradition any white person born out of the limits of the United States who happens to be poor, without accord ing to the man or woman eo accused, their right of a trial by jury, or even of appeal to a higher tribunal than that of the drunken and ignorant magistrate, elected to his position, it may be, only for a joke, by the votes of some dozen per sons. Under thi3 law, refusing the right of appeal to test its constitutionality, and on se oret information of a constable, or poaubly of some one who owes tho party sent off a grudge, magistrates in Boston are at this time seizing up white people and ehoveiicg them into carts a* though loads of dirt, and dumping them info chips to ba sent beyond the so as. They demand more than justice for the negro, whoee proper place on tnia continent?where ho can alone do well fur himself and society?is under southern law. But for the white man who> happening to be born abroad, thty choose to say is poor, they have no jcstice in their breasts. They enact, in dcfiance of all con stitutions and settled principles of law, that any ignorant, bigotted magistrate and drunken constable may scizs him on tho high way, and ship him beyond the sea wherever they please, no jury and no judge or other higher legal authority having the right to question the action of thess very lowest judicial tribunals in the land, in such cases involving the most important principles of civil liberty known to the theory of this free Government. What a picturc, this, cf the legislation cf men eleeted under the pretence that they are better quali fied to protect the liberties of our country th?n the men of Massachusetts educated for the conduct of public affairs under the teach ings of Story, Webster, and their compeers ! Settlers Under the Graduation Law ?Un der the act of 4th August, 1854, it is required by the 3d section thereof that any person ap plying to enter lands under that act, shall make affidavit before the register or receiver of the proper land office, that he or she enters the same for his or her own use. and for the purpose of actual settlement and cultivation, or for the use of an adjoining farm or planta tion owned or occupied by hia or herself, Ac. By the act of 3d March, 1855, this require ment, to a ccrtain extent, in the following particular, is modified, as this act of 1855 directs that the act of 4th August, 1854, shall be so construed that the affidavits required by the 3d section thereof may be made before any officer duly authorized to administer oaths, but according to such forms, and pursuant to such regulations as may be proscribed by the Secretary of the Interior. A oircular under the directions of the Secretary of the Interior has accordingly been prepared on the subject, in which it is held that the only object of this law is to afford relief to those residing in the State or Territory, in which, land is situated which they desire to enter, who may be pre vented by any serious impediment, such as physical inferiority, or other disability, from attending is person at the lo;al land office to make the affidavit which the 3d section of the act of 4th August, 1854. requires to be made "before the register and receiver." To this class of persons, and none others, is the relaxi at ion in the said act of 3d Maroh, 1855, to apply. # The Returned Dispatches ?We hear there were some private letters in the Gov ernment package returned to the State l)e partment on the day before yesterday by the agent of tho steamer Ariel, and also learn at the same time that they were put into the pack age before it was sealed, by the Government's dispatch agent at the solicitation of various merchants who, supposing that the Vanderbilc line weuld be as accommodating to the public as the Collins and Cunard lines, which keep open their mail bag3 until ten minutes before each of their steamers saii. Vanderbilt, with out their knowledge, directed those of the Ariel to be closed an hour before she sailed, so that those co.umorcial letters that reaohed the ship after that time would have failed to go, but through the courtesy of the dispatch agent, who, knowing that moro cr less of the letters in question were of great importance to the eommeree of New York, stretched his authority by giving them a place for the g'.c occasion in his dispatch bag. The closing cf the line's mail pouahes earlier than usual on the European steamers, without duo notice to the commercial interest of New York, was an unpardonable outrage on business comity, while the boorish and h>giih refusal to allow the Government to send dispatches over the ocean on this ship on the usual term?, was iu fair keeping, indeed, with the treatment to the merchants to which we refer above. The Structures for Government Purposes Captain Bowman, U. S. Engineer, the held of the Treasury Depa.tment's Bureau of Con struction, returned to Washington yesterday from a tour of inspeotion of nearly all the progressing works being constructed in the South and Weat under the l>?partment's au spices. lie has made examinations in the course of this trip to aid in enabling the Sec retary to determine on sites for the new cus tom house and tffi:e in Petersburg, Ya , the marine hospital in Wilmington, N C , T J**-" and at New Orleans; for the custom house, post offloe and U. 8. oonrt house, at Galvetton; the marine hospital at Cincinnati; the court house and poet office at Indianapolis, and the custom bouse, post office and court house at Cleveland, ?o. It is said in the Department that he also reports the similar works in the South and West now under construction pro gressing one and all, as well as can be desired. The Perry Letter.?There are two points connected with this document, from which we quoted yesterday, Whiah strike os Very unfav orably : first, that this gentleman, while oc cupying his present relations with the Gov ernment, should etuy to address the President of the United States on publio affairs through the columns of a newspaper; and next, that he should so far forget himself as te discuss questions, in issue between thia Government and the Power to which he is accredited, in his letter to tho President to which we refer it being in reality aletter to the public, the address to the President being the flimsiest pretence, to disguise that fact, imaginable. On the whole, it will be difficult for a sensi ble man to read this epistle without instantly concluding that Mr. Perry is quite as deficient in tact and discretion, as he argues te show Mr. Soule to bavo been. Bemoved.?The following Government em ployees in the Norfolk Navy Yard have been removed?cause, Know Ncthingism, vi? : L. W. Williams, foreman of joiners; James W. Matthews, quartorman of bolt-drivers, and Joseph Anderson and Moses Queries, overseer? of laborers. ? ? A Resignation and Promotion.?Samuel G. Hyde, a second clues clerk in the Interior De partment, has resigned. Charles E. Davis, a first class clerk in the Gener&l Land Offioe, promoted to his placo. A Contract Awarded.?The oontract for the construction of the new custom house at Belfast, Me., has been awarded to Isaac Allard,Sr., of that town, bis bid for the work ($17,500) being the lowost offered. The Socrotary of the Navy returned to Washington, yesterday, and resumed the du ties of his effioial position. His health has been materially improved by his short trip to his home in North Carolina. An Important Decision ?The General Land Offioe decides that small lakes or ponds are not embraced in the grant by the swamp land acta of 1S49 and 1850. The Current Operations of the Treasury Depsjtssent.?Cn yesterday, the 22d of May, there were of Treasury Warrants entered on the books of the Department-? [ For the Treasury Department.... 57.087 05 For the Interior Department 3,719 70 For the Customs...... 28.297 04 tor amount of warrants received and enterod 256,828 85 Kepay warrants received and en tered , j g26 85 For covering into the XreaFury * from miscellaneous sources.... 811 57 For covering into the Treasury from customs. .* 8 079 50 For covering into the Treasury from Lands 12,324 87 GEORGETOWN CORRESPONDENCE. Gboboktowb, May 23, 1855. A runaway affair occurred in our streets yesterday morning, which for novelty almost equals that of the celebrated John Gilpin. A couple of gentlemen had started in a bu^gy to t?o to the Falls fishing. When near the drag store of Dr. Sothcxon, they stopped for some purpose, and one of them got out, the horse became frightened and ran off with the other; when near the cotton factory he was thrown out, and slightly injurod. The irightened ani mal continued on down Potoaiao street, to the warehouse of Mr. Davidson; here the bug^y was pretty well smashed to pieaes against the wall, and the fragments left lying upon the pavement. The animal then turned its course down Water street until it camo in contact with a wagon and team in front of Mr. l'oter Berry's warehouse, but in attempticg to jamp over the pole of thu wagon, between the wheels ani the horse, its feet ^ecaiyo oa tangled in the gear, precipitating it Cut on its bacK in tho street, wh?re it lay floundering for a minute cr so. Nothing daunted, how evor, it wa3 soon upon its feet again, and the 1 ist time we heard from it it was going out High street like a streak of lightning. The Lorse and buggy we believe bejonged to Mr. R. Stephens. We have been requested, by persons inter e3,e!^.'0 l^e attention of the codiflers of 'he District law3 to the importance ?f a law f>r the preservation of wild game. We have been credibly informed by persons living in the country, that their farms arc ulmost daily invaded by gangs of youths and men, with gins, who are in the habit of shooting indis criminately everything in the shape of a bird, of any siie, even though it may be found upon its nest. This should not be the case, and unless some method is adopted to put a stop to it, in a very short time everything in the shape of wild game will either be killed eff or uiiven far beyond the District boundaries by these thoughtless persons. Let us have a stringent law upon the subject, specifying the time when it shall be lawful to kill game of any kind, and let that time be confined strictly to the fall and winter months Ihe large flourishing Sabbath school of tho ^?thodist Church have resolved to give an excursion to Washington, the aoiond week in June. The annual ex-Tr"^11* of this school, are ulways looked forward to wu? considerable interest, not only by the teachers and scholars, but by a large number of adults who see* them as a moans of enjoying one day ef real pleasure. A handsome little tffair, In the way of a Alay par.v, came off last evening at the ware room ot Mr. iiicks, on High street. It was given by the pupils attached to the school of M:ss Jenny Shaw. Every arrangement seemed to be perfect, and all present, both adults and javeniles seemed to enioy themselves to the fullest extent. Miss Louisa Hilton was crowned Oueen. We have been requested to say that the canal packet Congress will not be drawn iff the route upon the days for making her regular trips for no purpose whatever. We think thoremust be seme mistake in tho report which has been going the round of some or the newspapers, that "several farmers in rmrtax county, Vs., had sold thoir growing wheat crop to a firm in Georgetown at $3 25 per bushel." Wo know all the firms in our city, and can haruly believe any of them ver dant enough to enter into such a wild speculc tion. Eaoh of our milling firms, especially, are celebrated for their surewdness and keen toreaight^ in business speculations; and we Uiink it likely that sooner than enter into any sueh speculation as the before mentioned, ihey would be found etowed away in an upper story of the mill, or snogging in a hay loft. Nearly ail our butchers have resoived to purchase no more beef until prioes decline. We hope the same resolution may be formed and earrled out in every city in the Union. Similar resolutions, if we mistake not, brought down the high prices of the article, caused some years since by Steinberger monopoly Flour.?The market this morning is'firm at $10 75, with tales ot some 700 to 800 barrels standard brands at these figures. Sales since our last of red wheat at $2 47 a $2 50, white held at $2.50 a $2.60. No sales of corn. Spectator. EJT* A war ef extirpation is being waged I against wood pigeons in Satherland, England,! on ascouot of the mischief they do to growing erops. In the craw ot one shot in Bar ff^hire six hundred and fllty grains of corn were found Soger A. Pry or, Xiq. It is known to all oar readers who take much fbterest in politico, that Mr. J. Caleb Smith, a son of Mr. Wo. Smith, who represented the Seventh District of Virginia in the last Con grew, has reeentlj published a belligerent correspoodenee between himself and Roger Pry or, editor of the Richmond Enquirtr. In the last number of that journal, Mr. P., re publishes it, and puts an extinguisher on the positions of his antagonist by answering him, as follows : ? ? rtIt Will be observed that, rffter my dis claimer of any intention to attack the personal character oTGov. Smith,his son,'Mr.' J. Caleb Smith, persists in thinkiag that "his aged and beloved father had been the subjaot of inso lent aggression," and prooeeds 'Ho punish it" by offef.'ug in return an insult "which no man of oourage *nd of honor, eould or would over look." Having done this, Mr J. Caleb Smith oonceives that he h*? discharged a debt ,4due to the good order of soO^sty-" His conception of his duties "to an aged ?ud beloved father," and his manner of promoting ''the good order of society," are peouliar, but ihtj are his own, and no one has a right to complain of them I might have left his letter unanswered without violating the code of honor by which he professes to govern himself; but to avoid miscenstruotion, I chose to reply. " He misunderstands, or affeots to misunder stand this reply, and proceeds to oomplete the vindication of his ' aged father' by a fresh in sult to the ' aggressor.' He asserts that I ex Ercased ' a willingness to have an affair of onor with bis father,' knowing that his years prevented him from oaliing me * to the field of honor,' and that he ' had conducted his oor respoDdenoe for two years with his left hand.' u I have never expressed 1 a willingness' to have an affair of honor with Gov. Smith; on the contrary, I declared that there was no cause for it, and should have very much re gretted suoh an occurrence. I simply stated ' my readiness to give him satistaction if he claimed it at my hands. I did not know that his years prevented him from calling me to tho field of honor, but thought the contrary, as I had learned that not long sinoe in California he clamorously insisted on a fight, to the exclu sion of Mr J. Caleb Smith himself. Nor ha?l I ever heard that he was disabled or icjured in his right hand. " Mr. J. Caleb Smith next asserts that, after expressing a willingness to meet his father, 1 changed my ground when the issue came en with himself, and plead ' my bonds' as an ex cuse for not fighting him. As I had never been invited to fight him, it would have been singular for me to excuse myself from it. He endeavored to provoko a challenge, it may be with the oontemptible motive of subjecting me to a heavy pecuniary penalty. The impov erishment of my family would probably have been in his eye a fit sacrifice to the injured honor of his father. I referred to my * bonds' az one reason why I should not challenge him. and also to illustrate his magnanimity in offering insult to a man thus embarrassed. " Nor did I allege duty to my family in ex cuse for not reoognising Mr. J. Caleb Smith's claim to call me cut, but to rebut his assertion that our ' responsibilities' were equal. " In addition to this consideration and those seggested in my note, there were other rea sons restraining me from sending a challenge. According to Mr. J. Caleb Smith's own state ment he was the injured party and claimed the right to punish the insolent aggression from a young man upen an aged and beloved father.' He was the person to send the chal lenge, not I, aud his substitution of insulting language in lieu of it, was a gross violation of his code of nonor. Ho pretends to think that I denied tho right cf ? son to punish aggres. non upon his father. I have denied no such thing. If he thinks that his father has boen ii jured and can't redress himself, it ic not only his right but his duty to punish tho ag gressor. "And. In my opinion, if such be his belief, be has discharged his duty in a moat lame and impotent manner Instead of punishing the aggressor, be has invited a challenge from him. I deny his right to do this?to put me on the offensive when my position is one of de fence. He demanded an apology, which I refused to give; according to the usual routino in such affiirs, a challenge should have fol lowed. and this I had every right to exaact from the tone of his first note. He chooseTto shift his ground, to put himself on the defen sive, ar.d proceeds with incomparable cool nc-w to charge me with a change of position. "I do not wish, however, to be misunder ?tcod. Had the challenge co ne, I should ha;e declined it. Circumstencca may arise. re quiring me to disregard my family and my bond, but thoy arc not presented by the case of Mr. J Caleb Smith. I have done him no wrong, and I will not subject myself to a heavy sacrifice, merely to gratity his false fantastic noti< ns of honor, or his malignant thirst for revenge, lie has been unmanly enough to in tuit me with a full knowledge ^"'tuation, an i lias no claim upon me, rightfully requiring the partial ruiu of my family for its discnarge. " i hero ase also duties to my party and to my profession not to be disregarded. An editor wou:d grossly violate theso duties who ac cepted every call to the field of honor An ir Uaential press might be easily silenced if its conductor were required to fight every ruflhn and bully jet. upon him by political opponents Rowdyism would rule the press and the count! y if such were the principle of editorial con duct. On the saye ground, he should decline to meet every person who calls him out on a mere pretezt of wrong, and without the sha dow of jueti.-e in his complaint. " There is a distinction between Gov. Smith and his son's claim to reparation, although the lattor is unable to see it. One has been the subject of severe, but not insulting, language; the other has never been mentioned In the Euquirer. With the formor the question might at least admit of a doubt, and accordingly I expressed my readiness to make, in his behalf, the very heavy sacrifice involves in an aooep tanceof his call. With Mr. J. Caleb Smith the case is altogether different. I bad never reflected on him, or given him, in any way, the slightest right to call me out; if h* had thought jit to iio 6 0 it would have been in mere wantonness, and I should have so con sidered it " The public will doubtless think it is a little singular thai in tfee intensity of his passion lor revenge, it never ooourred to Mr. J C:::K Sottitk. that there was a mode of " punishing" the " agt4T!!"im'" his ?' aged' father which would have relieved me of any embarrassmont, and have established something like equality betwenn tho parties to this controversy. " It is with unaffected reluotanco that I ob trude my personal affairs into the presence of the public, and I would have boen content to rest the dispute between Mr. J. Caleb Smith and myself on the correspondence between us, if he had not thought it necessary to attempt a misrepresentation of my position. Haviug exposed the miserable sophistry under whioh he seeks shelter, I dismiss Mr. J. Caleb Smith from all further consideration, unmoved by bis menaces, andlndifferent to his incurs. "In conclusion, I wish it to be distinctly un derstood that neither menace nor ruffian abuse shall deter me from a diligent discharge of my duty to my party. I shall abate nothing of the energy with which I have endeavored to defeat the schemes of the infamous con spiracy which seeks to usurp control of this proud Commonwealth, nor snail I be mo o backward or tender in denouncing the treach ery of apostates from my o*n party. The per sistent malignity with whioh I have been pur sued in the progress of this canvass, flatters me with the belief that I have rot been alt? gether faithless to the obligations of my posi lion; an*, cheered no less by the abuse of my enemies than by the approbation of my friends, I mean to fight the battle to the end, notwith standing the secret circular which Mr J Caleb Smith scatters over the St ite from his distant retreat in Washington, and undis turbed by the howls of fiendish delight with which his scurrility is enjoyed by the Know Nothings of this eity. ' "Roobb A. Pbyob." AT THB Stat? Hocsi.?There was a 2?h!SrS '?rt ?i J?* Mil,er Somalia?at th! Mr^tfcf0ti,ev aTday ?tonaoon, during the time the olerks were engaged in enrross M,r" Prin8?%f Essex pS the u P Dexter< one of tne pages, made a humorous speech, prepared for him by one cf the reporters The mem-1 bers generally indulged in their humorous propensities,?Boston be$. d j official DwARTmrr or Ftatc, \ ,*? Washington, May ft'-', 1854 f The following notice ho b^rn officially commu nicated lo this departnient forihe information of if* citixens of the iTHted Slate*: FouifK Orrirr, April 27th, l^&V " ~ WflTIFICATION. It ia hereby notified that her Majeaty'a covcrn menthas received information from Capt. Watson, R. N., commanding a aqu*dron of her Majesty's ships in the Baltic, dated "Her MaJesty'a "hip "lm por&ae*,' off Libau, April 1#, 1855," to the effect that on and fiom 17th day of April, 1855. tod in the name of her Maje?ty and of her aliy, hi* Mg}e*ty Ncpftleon III, Emperor of the F?nrh? *i? Rnssian port of Libau, on the coast of Courland, r?? placed m a Kiteof Krict blockade by a cnmpetesl icree ol her Majesty's ships and vessels; and that on and from April 19,1855, all Russian prwtt, roada, havens and creeks, from la'itude 55 dej. 54 mi?. north, longitude 21 deg. 5 mm. east, to the Filsand light bouse, in latitude 55 dec 85 Bin. north, longitude 21 deg ?0 min. east, (including especially the ports of Sac It en ban n, Windan, and the entrance to the Gulf or Big*) were also placed in a atate of rtrict blockade by a competent force; and It la hereby no tified, that all the measures authorized by the law ?tf nations, and the respective treaties between her Majesty an I her allies, with the different neutral powers* will be adopted and executed with respect ti all vessels which may attempt to violate the raid blockade. _ _ A CARD.?WE RESPECT FTLLY ten der onr aincere thanka to the Franklin File Company for their noble and aucc? aafnl exer tions id rescuing our workshops fttun destruction by the tire of last nicftt. Our especial thanks are dur | to Mr. T. I.. Mar!jn. the Captain of the Hoee Divi sion, who, braving the e?'*e?ie dancer from the sur rounding flames, succeeded in ilf.'^ting n copious j stream upon our combustible property at the moat | critical time of the fire. J. O. WHITNEY, may 23? It* R. B. LASKIE. V-OTl CEr-All peraons having b-lls KJL against the late ball ol the Franklin Fire Company, or tickets to return, ore requesred to pre sent them to the Treasurer, VV. (1. Fanning. Esq-, by the first Wednesday in June. Money due the Company for rent of Hall, fcc., | must be paid to the Secretary, he alone being au thorised to receive and receipt for the saire. R. E. DOVLE, Tresi.lent. Geo. R. Cnossym p. Secretary. way 21^3t A BARGAIN*?At private sale, a PhNO,?f| very fine tone and touch, made by Chickerinf i & Mackay. Apply to POI.LARI) WEBB. Office on Pa. avenue, 7 do jr? east of National Hotel. may 23?3t* FRESH ARRIVAL OP TEAS, CONSISTING of Pouchong, Oolong, Eng Break fast, Gunpowder, Impe rial, Hyson and Younc I Hyson, in ??' lb. metallic packs, half and quarter chest" end boxes, at exceedincly low prices, whole sale and retail. All other kinds of Tea* always on hand, such as Souchong, Vine Yong, Orange, and Flowery Pecco, Hyson Skin, 4c. Call and 6ee HALL at HENNING, may 2J?eo3t 510 Seventh at. DR. THEOD. HANSMAN Keeps his uffi 'e hours from eight to ten o'clock a.m. No. SOS Seventh tt.. ovp. Odd fellota Hall may 2-1?lui* 1 ODD l'ELLO IVS' HALL, NA VY YAK D. THE RENOWNED DRAMATIC (kot a painting) OF THE BATTLE OP BUNKER HILL, AND I DESTRUCTION OF CHARLESTONX Will be exhibited at Odd Fellow?.' Hall, Navy Yard for two NMirra ont.y, viz: THURSDAY and FRI DAY, May 24 and 25. Also, on FRIDAY AFTEk NOON, at 3 O'clock. may 23?3t TO DYSPEPTICS. COCOA, Cocoa Paste, Cocoa Shells, Broma and Pure and Sweet Chocolates for sale at the T? a I and Ccff- Store, No. SIO Seventh street, op potato National Intelligencer Office. Also, an excellent article of Biack Tec, without the weedy flavor so common with Black Teas gene I rally. Ti.e attintio 1 of the trade id ii;vittd to our stock of teaa of all descriptions. may 23-eo3t HALL fc HENNING. THE PATENT HAT: designed to promote the I growth of certain bumpjfir the use of mankind ' in general, and warranted to fit all who use it according to directions. Our Countrymen: or brief memoirs of eminent | Americana. By Benaon J. Loaeinz; with 103 portraits. Woodworth's American Miscellany of entertaining knowledge. *1 GRAY fc BALLANTYNE, may 23?3t Books* litre, Soventh rt. l^ANS. PERFUMERY, TOILET ARTICLES, X fcc., kc?We hav; now in store a large van-1 cty of fine and common Fai.e, Harrison's and Lu bin's celebrated Perfumery, Brushes, Combs, Tooth Powder*, playing and vi?itinz Cards, fine Tortmon-, rates. Cigar Casta. Card Cases, Baskets, Canes, ic., &c., all of which we are selling out at low prices to suit the times at the Piano^ Music, Sta uontry, Perfumery, and Fancv Goods Store of JOHN F. ELLIS, 305 Pa avenue, bet. 9.h and 10th sta. may S3?if HOUSE-KEEPJNQ HARDWARE. THE subscriber begs leave to inform the public that be has opened a More at 400 Seventh st between D and E streets, where he has a general assortment of House-keeping Hardware, Cutlery Silver Plated Brittannia, Japa'ined and plain Tin' Ware, Wooden, Willow and Cedar Ware, Clocks Bird Cagss, Daaers, Brushes, Brooms' Baskets, Mat". Also, fine Pocket Cullc."?, !?**ot?, Sc:s.ors, Combs, fcc. Hi? goods are entirely new, and were selected frota-^he latest and infist approved styles. They were bought for cash, and wi.l be told at the lowest pxsihle prices. Persons wishing to purc)ia?e are invited to ex amine his stock and prices, as he is confident he can offer them greater inducements than they will meet with elsewhere in the city. map23?if GEO. FRANCIS. SILK AND LACE MANTTLlAS. CLAGETT, NEWTON, MAY k CO., respect fully atinounce to the Ladies that they have just received? 24 Black Silk Mantillas, latest sijie* 27 Black Lace do - 24 do Points 10 do Shawls all of which will be sold at a very small advance on the cost. VIamt'iTtCAa? ha.Dd aI*rgR ,ot of colored 8ILK u? ii #r V ' ' as lhe 8*"at:0n ?? advancing, we will offer tliem at exactly what tliey cost us ^Aiy ly tlukroidered Musliu Manullas, to oe sold very cheap. ? w ,he tr<,*le6t kind of bargains in I JdiV i ' T"^ "ererE*> and Bertge Robes. cali^nrf foruDres" should not tail to call and look through our large stock a>< u-p f??. i c??ffa-"s'w* cm fcrg? ** ^ Benton's Thirty Years in the Sentrtc Louis the Fourteenth Chief Justice j of the U.S. Ruskin's Architectural Works Eussj-Turkish Campaigns Principles o? Ruth Hall American Education On the History of Virginia Applications of Chtmistry Critical Notices. Subscription price %5 per anmitn. "ay*2 FRANCK TAYLOR. from the subscriber on Sundav evening, May 20th, two HOR&ES. One rv was a dark horse, with a long main, and the other was a dark rone Mare. A suitable re nMH*')' w?'7 returned M? the owner, near maj 22^3t* J0HN BRI^KLEY. Aoenct or FRtNcB Spoliation Clsims, ) I.. . Washington, Mav 2AI, 1835 ( N answer to many inquiries by claimants against the United States, on account of spoliation* by ine J-rench ,?or to 1800, as to the co\irseT Pri ceeding nrcper to now pursue toward* obtaining re drew, fdeem it most expedient thu^ puul" , S \? form all thoae concerned, that, after cS?Sti* competent ndvuen, it has been concluded as m.Hf to voluntarily submit their claima to he CUima Court, as they would be mixed up with thousands of other claims and not decided for many year, (to specify no other objection)?but to i?K?J !n? nf ih^?nK,V#9 m lh* l4i,U1, iuannf'r ? the op. n ing of the enauing sea don ; in the expuuaUon that f-""y P,<md?d for them and thn ugli a Court or Board ; or, if the Claims Court be resolved on aa the only tribunal Congre's will zz:dxs!r?"tt"'w" u It ia very certain that these claims would fullv fnr .h?nBU y occuPy a Bo*fd of the highest class for three years, and justice emphatically points to right and proper in the cL? 10 may 22-4t JAMES H CAUSTEN. TURTLE?TURTLE?TURTLE' DUSITElt ft, DIBast ?OEG leave to inform their fneSs^/the public D fencra-ly that tb?y hive just re- U,^?>ub,lc ceivea from Nassau direct a choice h of real GREKN TURPLB, whicL wU be aerved np in apup, Steaks kr day at 11 o'clock. may ?!-? ?ENTER k DUBANT. HAT^t? n ru" ? Port?, ton, Pocket Knivea Toile?^ n1"Bori' Tida Cot ?Umalv21Ly3tn^ fonaale atT T"coPhet LAMMOMD'S, 7lh St. ,tI.*0 I1QH NOTIQta. fWlHlRO WAJL???UNION TICKET. TFor Collector- ROBERT i. tOCHft Jror SJ^cV-WITXIA* J M^OfftHCR.'* K AwZ^^'aA Y^ro A KNFTT. Rf AX.ic3%Arif<-T?mH. ?rwm 1-i.g, EBASTUS M. CHAP1N, RICHARD H. LA81KY maytS-fe* tM- TH?R? WARD MElTINC?Tl* V?ttra of the TMfd Ward, friends and wippoftem of ihe above ticket, will ???(, pumiant to adjournment, at Franklin ^tll. corner of 9th and l> ?mi, T!f\S (WMM*r) EVBNIWG, M8o*>oefc. ? A fail meeting u re??r*Ud. JOS. BRYA|f, ?he-man. ?: Covin, Secrrtkr*. mayfo-lf ntftH WilO ?OTlOP.-AaEkcuoa r win be held oa Monday, the 4th ?af of Jaaa next, at the building kaewn a* tha Old Cap**, for Register, Collector, and Surveyor Of Um City* for one member of tha Board of Aldermen. and three member* of the Board of Common Council to rrpraaeat Mad Ward. WM. P. FiRGTBOM, F. BARRY, JAB. A. BkOWN, nnaaWaam of Election for Fifth Wand. may 9J-< ta ...? S~*Vit?rTH WARD^-trilON TICKrr. For Alderman?DEARBORN R. JOHN0ON. Pori'nuiaion CaaacH-KAMUEL FUMPUBEY, SAMUEL S. TAYLOR, HENRY A. CLARKE. mav 4?te "* ' ......... ,7 FOB TBI CUBS OF Asthmm and Consumption. NEW AND VERY WO NO &K.FUL!'! HYGEANA Brought home to the door of tfco Million A WONDERFUL discovery ha* recently been made !>y Dr. Cnrtis of this cltv, in the treat ment of Consumption, Asthma, and i'l disease? of the Lungs. We refer t* I)R CURTIS * BYGE ANA. OR INHALING IIYGEAN VAFOR AND CHERRY 8YRUP." With thi* new method. Dr. C. hv restored many afflicted one* to health, us an evidence of which he has innumerable crrtjik-aie* Speaking of The treatment, a physician remark#, "It is evident that inhaling?constantly breathing an agreeable, healing vapor?the re' diemai properties must come in direct contact wiih the whole rrial cavitie- of the lung*, and thua escape the many and varied change* produced upon them when iatr?? duced into the atomach, and aubjcct to the proeew <?f digestion " The Hvgena ia for tale at all tb? Druggist's throughout the country.?AT. 4\>rk Dufc*. man of Jan? 14. The Ir.ha'cr is worn on the breast under the linen without the least inconvenience?the beat af the body being sufficient to evaporate the fluid. Han dreds of casts of cures, like the following, might be named. One package of the Hyg'ara has carsd me of the Asthma of six years' standing. J. F Kmttur, P. M. of Duncannon, Pa. I am cured of ?h e Asthma of ten years' at an dins by Dr. Curba's Hygeana. Maraabci Eastor. __ _ , Brooklya, N. T. Mrs. Paul, of No. 6 Hammond street, N. Y , wss cured of a severe case of Bronchitis by the liy geana. My filter has been cured of a distressing cough of several years' standing, and dccided to be incur* Me by the physician*. feiie was cured in one month by the Hygcaaa. J. H. Gai bkrt, P. M. Richmond, Me. The Rey. Dr. Chieveb, of New York, testifies of our medicine in the following language: . Niw Yoaa, Nov. 15. 1054. Dear Sir?I think highlv of Or. Cartis's Hygeana as a remedy in diseases of the throat and Lung* ? Having had some opportunity to testify its efficacy I am convinced that it is a oom excellent medi fine, both the Syrup and the inhaling application to the chest. Proi". g. Cihtt a writea u? as foilowa : Gentlemen?I have recenUy had occasion totert your Cherry Syrup and Hvgean Vapor, in a ease of fhronic sore throat, that had refused to yield tooth er forms of treatment, and the result has satisfied me that, whatever may be the composition of your preparation, it is no imposition, but an excellent remedy. I with, for the sake of the affbeted. that it might be brought within the reach of all. Dr J onus, one of ihe most celebrated Physicians in New York writes as follows : Dr. Ctrtis?Dear Sir? Having witnessed the ex cellent effects of your Hygeana or inhaling Hvgean Vrpor and Cherry Syrup, in case of Chronic Bron chitis, and being much in favor of counter irritation in affeetions of the throat, Bronchial tabes and Itinrs I can therefore cheerfully recommend your Medi cated Apparatus as beiag the most convenient and effiwnal mode of applying anything of the kiad ( have ever seen. No doubt, thousands of pertou* may be relieved, and many cured, by using your medicines. *7 1 must here be allowed to confess that I am on. posed to prescribing or using secret compounds, but tjus little neatly contrived article, and its i facts in the case above alluded to, have induced me to sneak in its favor. ^ \ on are at liberty to use this in any wav you may think proper. Respectfully, voara, tie. C. Jo*H*?, M. D., .k a 603 H,Mmon W. Y. Price three do?!trs a package nf,0Tsd & 9l;RI18 * PERKINS and BOYD ft PALL, No 1411 Chambers street, N. Y. Four packages sent ;ree to any part of the Uaited States for ten dollar*. N. B?Dr. Curti?'s Hvgeana is the ORIGIN AT and ONLY GENUINE ARTICLETallotbrrs are nase imitations, or vile and injurious counterfeits, tnan them as you would POISON. For sale in Washington by CHARLES STOTT. Pa. awnue. near 7th street; and J. B. MOORE, in the First Ward. nily GARDENING. GARDENING performed by a good practical Gar dener, who understands a'l the brnnches apper taining to the business. They will undertake m lay out gardens in the most approved aryle by the lob, dap, week, or If necessary by the year, aad aeenuia same in order. W. HARDIN k. C'Ou Ma. *19 13th street, ma>" 31?lw* two doors south Pa. aveane. WASHINGTON STORE! LADIES, you must not forget that we are still offering great bargain* in Lry Goods. We name in part? MouseUns and Cashmere* at 12cenu, co*t 90 Fine fast colored Lawns at d cents, cost 11^4 Yard wide bleached Cottons, only 64 ceuta White and colored Crape Shawls at half price Cotton Sheetings, all widths, lesa than they can he bought elsewhere Plain Challeys, only 18* per yard J"ina French Ginghaius, only 23 cenu ^Ladies' black liose at 8 cent* Linen Table Damask ver> C.\eap A '?ft"- beauu,ul *?>'?, Rrilliaau, only Berege de Laiaes for ir* cents, wortl. 25 loin, dotted and Embroidertd Swia Muslins, very 1Our cas?ouir,j wul jJea**: rc?nemoer tuai alio. W^hav^o'sT81 U fc?W ^ U,e Ut of Jul> Which li^i w ,! {"w Silks, different .a It s, which will be sold with ut regard to ami. may 91-1 w N?' ?PP?*le Ctmn li'UK MAba? ? ? f An Engli'h Carriu< A Double Wagon . 2 tall Carriage Horse-i ? Ruggy and saddle liorees Inquue trom the Coachman of the French Mini* T ?PR* VED EYELET MA Firs' pattut?combined on one *tock ^ *uh evd? botli sides 'mproved fastener, nveutig All parlies in want of a good Eyelet Machine srs patKtr^PH(il/pn'" 1,* no"e bul LIPMAN'S rAl BNTIMPROSED, which is decidedlv the hesi de?'Trnc'hi".?^' tlot,,ablc out ofor and in one'n?, ^ .? *' and "l th? By***'. sides i7*r~;rciiBih?***onN?.h < be reversed oi mllllV a* p?pers kc., need not oe reversed or turned over to clinch th? p?i?? . a is iss sf u a very labor savmg Mathine OU,er*? and G<wds l)/.i!!L l!*e F"nc,l,al Stationer* and Fancy ^ 1 ^ei?, brou?h,;ut u,? United ^tatc*. Agent* for Washington, ?"?tea. mav 51?tf TAYLOR ft MAURY, - ? Look*tore, near 9th st> AND FANCY OOODS.' Svi,L;."LIH ,GKEAT C*KE.-E?n ? tn rJT llH t ve '** m,y ^ obtaiiMHl^^ Ilie Hi. w .,1 tban 4* ,ny "f?re mB Straw Bonnets, Hats and Flat* 1 Blonde, Silk and Lawn Bonnet* al ways on hand n??!.es,.8eain'e*" Rice do. J Blonde Lace Edging* Footing, kc. " 4 WILLIAM P. SHEDD, Fancy Goods and Millinery, BOB 11th *t. may 21?lw NOTICE. . . . ' 'T'llE Undersigned caa accommodate parties with X COACHES for pleasure uips. Also, to make trip* to boat* arriving after nigh from the White House.*^?^**" For terms apidy to Mr. JOHN HOLBROOK. at the Stare Stand at the Capitol, or orders left at G. ft T. Parker X Co.'* Store. WM. WU ALEY, may lf-lm*

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