Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 11, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 11, 1855 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. worm u I * il' 'JL ?i > 0? [ ?? .r*' w w " ' CORNING EDITION-MONDAY, JUNE U, 1&5. PB^E TWO OElXTS. THE ftNOMi nw?? Our Philadelphia Corresrpondenee. Philadelphia, Jon* 10, 1865. The Plmtform on tke Slavery Question? How the Nomina ting Council tcill be Selected? ' Live Oak" George in Bifb toaor? Candidates fcr the Vice Presidency, dtc., Sc. "Than ia no Sunday in reroiit'ionujp tlnti,"iild Mr. Wibttor, during the Harrison ? jph(o, and tren thia day members of the Nation*! council of Americana must talk, although they do not tiitet in counclL Some of the committeea have been in usiion. and delegates from se veral State* have met and talked over matter*. To-morrow the committee w 11 report a platform to the Council. In the committee room a platform has been eettled upon which ia aatiaiactory to the Southern aa well a* the Northern members of that committee. It will recommend that all future question* be governed bj the people of the Territories themselve i, independent of the federal government. The ?ett!ers will elect their Governor, Legislature, kc , make their own laws, and bare slavery or not, as they see fit. Farther, I think that the platform will restore the Missouri Compromise to the Padfle, leaving out Nebraska and Kaunas, these Territorial to remain aa the; are. Such a plan will be favorably received by the Council, and will be adopted aa the platform, and farther trouble in reference to Af Xioan alavery will be avoided A safe platform will be erected befcre Tuesday night. After the platform matter i? arranged, the next im portant matter for thi* Council to fettle is the manner In whieh delegate* to the Ncmlnating Council, (to meet nest June, to nominate a President and Vice Pre aidant J are te be selected. Tbot-e here who have thought much about the matter, have made up tbelr minds that the most fair way ia to have the Nominating Council com posed of eae member from each Congreuional district in each State, and two from each State at large. The Councils ia each Congressional district to meet in con vention aad elect the delegste. The two delegate* from each State to be elected by the State Council. Such a course will be a wise, fair and aboveboard one. It tiavs* al primary meetings, and all humbug. A Nomi nating Council so constituted will come directly from the American people, and there can be no poaaible ob jection to It; and the delegates inthis Council who have not considered the matter, will do well to think of it hefare they vote. In regard to the candidate for the Presidency, the drift of the pnblic sentiment in the Council is clear and decided. A man who runs can read. There la a* caavaaaing, bo private meetings, no ar rangement* all is aboveboard; but three- fourths of this convention express their opinion in tavor of George law, of New York. All agree that a Northern man must he selected, and that one must be one who can carry Mew York and Pennsylvania. AU agree that the man is 'George Law. Southerners are coavinoed of thia, and the letter of Mr. Law te the Pennsylvania Legislature is satis .factory te them. All are agreed to unite upoq * geif tokn, who ba* no old p*f tj friend* to toward, or Old party eppoaenta to ptUUah. George Law i* that man. All agree that it ia necessary to select a candidate for the Preaideaey who haa clean bands, and who, when elected, Will bestow the patronage of the government in the vari oue States for the entire party who have elected him, and who wDl recognize aa his guide in thia matter the legitimate Councila of the State*, and Councils of the citiee aad towns in those States. Mr. Law ha* no for dcr antecedent* or aeaociation* to prevent hi* doing thia; aad Fillmore, Houston and others, whose names can hardly be mentioned by members of this great coun cil of the American party, have their objectionable past associations and preferences Having fixed upon the man from the North for the Presidency, the Northern delegatea will give their preferences for any man in the South for the Vice Presidency who seem* to be the choice of the majority of the .Southern delegatea. The following are the name* of men who have frlenda la thia Council, who desire to see their favorite on the ticket for Tice President when George Law ia running for Pre si dent:? Kenneth Rayner, of North Carolina, for Vice Presi dent, ha* many friends; and if thia Council waa to no minate he would probably be the choice of a ma jority of It. iianett Davie Kentucky, -John J. Crittenden Kentucky, M. P.Gentry Tennessee, H. W. Billiard, ..Alabama, Tbomaa Randall Florida, Sdward Bates .....Mlaaouri, S. Adams Mississippi, Albert Pike Arkansas, T. Butler King Georgia, Are en members' list*, and each one haa more of leea friend* in thi* Council, and who may be the final ?election ia uncertain. Law and either one of them will 2m the ticket that will achieve the greatest political vic tory and revolution that has ever awept over the coun ty since the days of >70. Philadelphia, Jane 10, 1866. The Louisiana Catholic Question Settled? Calibre of the Neviy Elected Officers qf the Grand Council? The Plat form and the Results likely to Flow from it? die. , t Be. The ees*ion of yeaterday was devoted almoet entirely to the consideration of the claim* of the anti- Catholic delegation fromLouiaiana. and resulted, after a protract ed debate, and by a very decialva majority, in their full xecognitian and admission to the deliberation* of the convention. Thia decision decide* the vexed queetion; and hereafter it must be understood that none but ? those opposed to the pretensloaa of the Papal hierarchy will be fellowshipped by the American party. I need not afflrm, 'tie precunei, that snoh a decision will meet the cordial and concurrent approval of the whole frater nity. lb my letter of yeaterday I gave a hurried aketch of the newly elected President, Bartlett of Kentucky, and now only recur to it to remark that the several state Jnents therein contained were derived from a source perfectly familiar with hia present and paat history, and are, therefore, accurate and reliable. I will only add, that aheuld the North, aa haa beea af -firmed, expect from him any action, personal or eflcial, to favor any cause or doctrlaea inconsistent with the moit decided and honest recogni tion ef nationality aa expended by the early fathera of the Republic. They haveWckoned without their host, and prove themselves deficient in their accustomed quantum of cunning aad sagacity. A Jackson democrat of the olden time, he will be true to hia instinct* and faithful to the constitution and the Union. The Vice President, Mr. Charles Freeman, 1* about 88 years of age, a aative, and resident of this city; Alder jnan of the Fifth ward, now aad for a series of years past; a whig of the Henry Clay type; a man of mediocre abilities, and a gentleman in all the private relations of life. Tie auppoeed that hia present poaltiou resulted not only from the skill displayed m getting up the late sumptuous banquet? being, 'tie aaid, the chairman cf I the oommittee ? but In his tast in turning It to Indivi dual account. Ia a word, the great personal achievement consisted in determining the weak point of the body politic, and attacking It at tbe right time and place and In t>e right manner. He may, therefore, not inappro priately be atyled, "The Great Banquet Vice President of the great American Party.'* He will, however, make a Very good officer, and hia conservative sentiments wQ commend him to the generous support aad confidence of the party. The residue of the officers (excepting the Chaplain, of Whom I really ' ' know nothing ') are all weU adapted to their respective positions, and have severally the confi dence of their owa States and the Convention. The abeorbing topic here la the platform? a measure leplete with so much difficulty, that it* early solution ia moat anxiously, and, I had almost written, Impatiently, awaited. To the full extent of my okearvations ? and they have beea general aa well a^critioal ? I am inclined to the belief that no platform can or will be erected upon Which the entire party can or will stand. The distinc tive dogmas of the North ant South? the very aatipodes of each ia poaitiv* demand*? can nerer be haimonUad ?ad oenverted Into a ualty of eentlmeut and opinion, and the eftsrt now being so seduloaaly made by the in telligent committee appointed ia thia behalf must fall, Bi an aimttar ones have doae, ia the proposed reconcilia tion ef anck uncongenial, ineongruoie and opposite principles. I am aware that tbe hope la Veld out to tbe ?ar, aad nought to be impressed ea the heart, that the thing itaeif is net ealy perfectly pr?c tali tk*t wMcubJc bu i y been made towards tb ? attainment? and in proof 'Us ?tated that the great anu dit tort log question of slavery baa already found an Impregnable constitutional d? fence, and in termi not to be m:sunderstood and inia interpret ed. 'Ti? true, the plank t>f the platfonn on this vexed qaeation hae, in the eocmittee, and at the suggestion of the District of Columbia , found a eonititntional basis, and for the time bein3' rests secure by a large vote. Bnt what of that f Does that plank suit Massachusetts and New EBgtand generally, and perhape one or two of the Weatern States ? Wl* will affi nn that It doea If It suited, why, aa is now being made, waa an effort in stituted yesterday to convene a caucus on to morrow evening to take into consi taration the threatened en croaohmenta of " the slare power," and to enunciate the New England ultimatum on the subject t Rely upon it, no compromise can or will be made, and the upshot of the whole business will be, that all the dissentients to a national coasntutional party will hare leave to qmt, whilst those is its favor, being freed from all such entangling alliance, and aided by the na tional men of New England, of whom " more than seven thousand can be found who have not bowed the knee to Baal," will constitute the great constitutional, con servative American party. The deliberation! of the Convention will present no striking or interesting feature* until the report of the Platform Committee, when way be expected a mint able, eloquent and angty debate. The South la moat ably leproMnted, and I but record the common sentiment when 1 make the statement. The North is also ably represented, bnt not generally by men of such marked ability as characterise the gene ral Southern delegation. A day or two at most, and the great body will have embarked in the war of angry woris. The strifs is in evitable, and must result in the entire excision of all malcontents and factions from ti>e body. The dividing question must be met and the issue joined. "Ye can not serve Cod and Mammon." The Kinney Expedition. tTMTKD STATES i)IBrUXCT OOlTKr. Before Ilea. Judpe Betts. Jcjre 9.? At the opening or the Court this morning Messrs. Van Baren and Fancier moved to set a?Me an order for Attachment against a witness named Kn.M, Counsel moved on the following affidavit W ms^V^!Z(LAU^maa againit Wm- ^rwntt? . J? P!?8 dn]y 9WOrn' rta/?. thit he has been informed and believes an order tor an attachment against deponent for alleged non attendance as a wit M?b1? ^e^?aie ?' n'te<1 BtAteg Henry L. Kinney and Joseph W. Faboiu, on the 7th inat.. has been entered against him. Depenent further aays, that he duly attended this Court on that day as such witness ? ?' in court at the time i f the calling of the jurors J"1])"?0"1'"* ?J ??'* day ; that Ue stepped out of the ?Urt.K?"m L* ?inutes, and during such tempo in J kSJ?06 v WM c*Ued "hell Informed and believes ? but that he returned again into the court room before the Court adjourned, and was in at tendance as such witness, and L now her" s ?h A ness. Deponent says that be is engaged in the ice busi nsMmI ?fc'Vh'j ?}?d?1Phi*. of which city he U a resident ; that he is dependent upon his earnings for suppulv, m)u is deaiieuS of returning to his home aa soon at possible ; that he baa ad intention of evading any subpoena, or any examination aa A witness in the said CAse ; And bAa not been guilty o' any irfAult In the matter, saving his casual absence for a few minutes aa above mentioned ; ana deponent was Also in AttendAnce yesterday as such witness ; and further, deponent aalth that he baa not been paid any fee whatever aa auch wit . , WM. KNEAS3. Sworn to before me the 9th day of June, 1866, Joseph Bkidgimm, D. S. Commissioner. Mr. Van Buren remarked that It was a pecnllarlty of these proceedings thAt when Any of the defendants were present the District Attorney would not try them, but w,re mbMnt th,Ir ?oogniaancea wen forfeited and the prosecution were anxious to try them : \5?? 8Mne P1*01?6 was now extended to the witness es. This unf< rtunate ice man happened to atsp out of court on Thursday for a moment And was thus brought in contcmpt. i. J^'P0Uwt,'^Jd^b^ th" wftnes" was entiUed to a dol 7 the government, And asked if ? T^rict Att?rney had been notified of the motion. ^,*r: Tq?..Bnl"? tbey had seat down word to the District Attorney lince they came into Court. Order to set aside the attachment granted. CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN COL. KINNEY AND JTT3TO FARESU. The following correspondence hAs tAken place be tween Cel Kinney and Jnsto Parades, a nAtive of Nicara gua. It forma another ohApter in the history of the ex pedition :~f JC8TO PARrDKfl, Esq. 1866. Deer Sir? Aa I am about leaving in the canacitv of General Agent of the Central American Company to locate and improve by settlement the territory owned by that company in Central America, and aa you an a native of that part of the world, and well informed a? to the nature of the country and the hAbits And institu tions of the people, 1 should bo much grAtifiod if tou would go out wf :h me And Asaiat me in my undertnklng I shall naturally endeavor to enlist tbe good feeling and to promote the most friendly relations with the people ^mer/Jca- ?Bd 1 know of noone mow capable than jou to aid me. Your strong desire to see that beautiful, productive, and important part of tbe world improved, and ita resources developed? your great ability and experience, with such an intimate knowledge of the country, render yon eminently Quali fied to assist me in my object. 7 q Should von conalude to accept my invitation U go witn me, I shall give jou Bach a position and rem uoera won at I am able and as joor merits deserve. And I am. with much respect, jour ob't eerr't, H L. KINNEY. Colobil H. L. K D- "? Dsar 8ir? I have received your favor of the 10th inst? by which, aa general Agent of the Central Ameri can > Company, you invite me to aaaist von In your un dertaking to locate and improve the territory owned by that company in Central America. Providence has fa vored that region in a remArs Able degree. By its ideo graphical potion it forms the bridge of two hemi spherea, And Is equnlly fAvored At regards soil, climate and productions. ' The climate is mild and will compare favorably with the Southern Statee, being entirely free from that seoarge "the yellow fbver." The soil la fertile, producing cof fee, cocoa, cotton, Indigo, cochineal, vanilla, rioe, corn ?}? of fcaita' and vegrtabfes; the fCtiywS timber for building purposes and mahogany of the best quality; gold mines are fonnd, and the mineral re sources, as yet QMKplored, are doubtlees great: cattle and other domerae animals abound. With these elements and with navigable rivers and ports on the Atlantic and Pacific, capital, enterprize and an energetic population are alone wanting to advance Central America on ita destined way to political and commercial importance. The inhabitants are peaceful, and far from being dls inclined to labor, bnt require the stimulua of example aa well aa the fostering care of an enlightened govern ment, to rouse them from tbe lethargic state m which they were left by the aelflab policy or the Court of Ma and. Such being my viewi, and having perfect confidence undertaking will in no degree encroach upon the rights and sovereignty of any of the South American republics, I have great pleasure in sign if ring my accept ance of your offer. r Permit me to acknowledge the courteous language in which you have been pleased to addrees me, and to sub scribe myself, with greet respect, Your very obedient servant, JPBTO PARADES. Military Itema. Tbe New York State Fenclbles, Captain 0. F. Want worth, will visit Orange, N. J., on Monday, the 18th Inst., It being the twenty-fourth anniversAry of the or ganization of that company. Tbe City Guard, Captain Ferris, will start on the day for Montreal, and will return to tho city by way of Boaton. This is a fine company, and will give the Cana dians a good idea of our city military. 4 k;ght Guard, of thia city, are about to pay a vlait o '? *??? ,*h"* they will be received by the Portland Light Infantry. It would be advisable for the tempeiance people not to get up a not about that time, as the guards aie very good in their muaket practice! pie Light Guard expect to muster one hundred muakets for the excursion. Brigade, consisting of the Seventh, light h and Ninth regiments will parade to East New Vort to day. Tbe Gardee Lafayette beve left the Twelfth Regi ment, And now form a battalion or their own. They will Accompany tha Third Brigade, of which thev now form a part. The First Brigade, composed or the First, Second, Third and Seventy first Regiments, commanded by Gen Cbaa. M 8picer. will psrade on the 18th inst. **!? ?*??, Captain Waterbury, met yesterday noon at tbe Mercer House, and proceeded to Hoboken topay the last tribute of respect to the memory of their late esteemed associate, Mr. John Donovan, who died of 3JI? J**1 of He was taken Jr 1 ; ?nd thir" buried, win w2?H?^iPJne,,.vC*PU,n of New Haven, oTatll. *ue*ts of the kighwood Guard, B?um will ha I the Uth 'nstant. The "lip, At 8 o'clock on the Sm atroet ^ e"cort^1 through Fal oinal Stree? "^eet, to the ferry from win ha h. A". ?ohoke,? companies ^ ^ Mayor Clickrnwr and the Council and thence proceed to tbe armorv of tkin..hS Guard, where a collation will to served ^ Visiting company will to eocor?#d to their ouartlr. ?k! Atlaatic Hotel I. the evening they wi?! ^ ' place ofamnseLnt in Hew YeH. On Friday the a?d H ghwool Guard will visit Broo ly*. ai Ar,?S2 tt'tillVrwllT7 C0B,'*alM ot Mdmva Dr?i"?*Uc and Butcal SUttcn. Tiling! theatrio^' are not verj flourishing jujt no if, of ail j All the tb?*trv'? being cloted, and the metro poli Ud itock Actors having; btfoome "translated/' Ilk* Bot tom the Weaver, are playing star engagements ia the ?mall towns and rural district*. Bat the prospect* for the summer are good. We now have the Kagii.h open at Nlblo's very nicely done. Miss Louisa Pyne deserves all her popularity, and is the moet charming English vocalist we have had here since Mrs. Wood. Jullien w0 be here on the 24th of July, barring Accidents. There ia some talk of an English opera company to oome out early in tae reason, under Dr. Joy, with Mr. and Mrs. Sims Beeves as the principal singers. Up to Jnly we probably have Italian opera concerts at the Academy. Mr. Burton, with part of the Chambers street company, will shortly piny an engagement *t Nlblo's. Burton's ia to be opened to n'ght with a good oompany. M. An thony promises us an occasional performance of the Freuch vaudev.lle at WalUck's. About the 21st instant we ahall hear the new tenor, Rossetti, at the Academy, 1 in ' ' Belisario. " Eo strangers and others will take no tice that, althongh some of the best theatres are closed, Ni? York city will not be dull during the summer. At the Academy of Music, the Ln Orange troupe gave its last performance (" Norma") on Friday. This even ing the " Trovatore" will be given with the old cast? Brignoli, Amodio, BteCanone, Vestvali, and others. This ia positively the last week of these artists htm Steflanone sails for Europe shortly. During the week MIsa Henaler will make her debut in "Lucia." Taujourt l.ucia 1 It really aeeme, now a days, that every artist'a first appearance must be in "Lucia " Miss Henaler has lately returned from Europe, where she went to finish her musical education. She has sung with success at Florence, and the writer of this can bear personal testi mony that she had an exceedingly fine mezzo-soprano voice, and a great deal of it, before ahe went to Europe. Miss Hensler, it ia said, is n native of Boston. Vestvali, we hear, will have n benefit this week. Look out for a demonstration from Young New York. Ropsetti, the new tenor, who is ahortly to appear at the Academy, has a rob as t and powerfal voice, which will be heard to gTeat advantage in the role ot Belisario. ErKTOJi'a Theatre will be re-opened to-^ght, under the joint management of Mr. De Walden, |?7 Eddy and Mr. Chanfrau? a powerful combination. The company ia a strong one, including Mr. Eddy, Mr. Chanfrau, Mr. 0. Holland, Mra. 1. E. Frost, Misa Albertine, Mr*. Hough, and others. The bill for to- night Includes "The Rent Day," "The Widow's Vlotim," and "The New Foot man." In the drama first named Mr. Eddy plays Martin, and Mrs. Frost Rachel Hey wood. Mrs. Froat ia a young American actress, from the Boston theatres, and comes here with a flattering prestige. Miss Albsrtine, in the cecond piece, will give her "immense" imitation of Julia Dean. At Niblo's Garden the houses for the English Opera are steadily improving every night. A new opera would be a luxury juat now. This evening the " Sonnambula is announced. Misa L. Pyne's Amina ia a capital per formance, musically speaking. The orchestra here, led by Mr. Briatow, who is mm the leas competent because there ia no nonsense aboM him, is very good. The cho rus should be stronger and better drilled. At the Bowxby Theatre a pleasant bill, including two dramas and a ballet divertisement, is announced for this evening. Mrs. Ipidora Clark has announced " her third and last grand concert" at the Metropolitan theatre onTaea" day evening. The Metropolitan Theatre, lately under the manage ment of Mr. Hackctt, was closed after a season ot four weeks, on Saturday evening last. Dramatic Gossip.? The Courier des Etat Unit an. nounces that Rachel will tall from Liverpool for New York in the Baltic, Jnly 38. Mr. Felix, her brother and manager, will sail in the North Star on the 21st of July. This is irrevocably fixed. Rachel may, therefore, be expected on the Metropolitan stage before Sept. lat. Mr. John Dunn makes hia first appearance here in three yeara, at Burton'a, on Thuraday. That " Rasca' Jack" is as funny as ever. Mr. Buchanan, MUe. Marie Duret, Mrs. M. Jones, Miss Kate Saxon, Miss Elm berly, Miss Makeah, and other well known artists, were in town last week. Mr. Buchanan will sail for California early in the autumn.? ?On dit, that the Broadway theatre will aoon be opened for a short season, when Barney Williams and wife will appear. Signor La Manna is engaged as ektf d' orchettre at Wallaok's next season. The Amateur Drama.? We have receive^ a bill of aa amateur performance to be given at the Brooklyn Mu seum, on Thursday next, being the first attempt of the "Young Men's Dramatic Association." The bill inolndes the "Lady of Lyons," an aet of "Robert Macaire," and a new farce called "Settling It." Philadelphia. ? Mr. A. H. Davenport had a benefit at the Walnut on Friday, when there was a full house. A well known amateur of this city, whoae nomine du theatre ia George Barnum, played Don Cajsar de Bazan on this occasion, and mad* a great hit in it. Miss R. Durand and others appear in English opera to night, at the City Museum. In another part of this paper will be found an account of the death, by violence, of Louis Leibenstein,a Hunga rian vocalist, lately connected with Sanford's troupe. Mr. Leibenatein had relatives In Cincinnati. Mr. San ford writes to us aa follows:? You will perceive by the Newark papers, the death of one of my company, Lessier Leibenstein, known as the "Hungarian Warbler." I drop yon a few linen that you may give it publicity in auch torm that his wife and family may hear of it in Europe. Mr. Leibenstein was one of the principal performers of the Hungarian vo caliata imported to this country by Rufua Biake Nlblo and some other party, twelve yeara ago. He has been ln my employ for the psst four yeara, and on the 21st of May I paid his monthly salary to him: since that time as has been drinking, and on Tuesday last he left my brother's house, and I learn by letter of his com nutting suicide at the Metropolitan Hotel, Newark, on Thursday last, of which, I presume, the papers give an account and verdict. I never knew of his having any relations in this country, except some who live in Cin cinnati. and one of the Hungarians, who is somewhere about Boston. He has nothing but the little that he left here. In giving this fact publicity ln your paper, the world will know all about it. Respectfully yours, &e., SAMUEL & SANFORD. Boston.? The final performance of the Opera troupe was given on Saturday afternoon. A Boston tenor, Mr. Harrison Millard, made his debut on this occasion, 'and sung Edgardo's "Romania mia inamorata," Ac., from the j last scenes of "Lucia." [Toujourt Lucia!] The La Grange I troupe give a concert at the Music Hall to-night. The I drama is evidently fading out. Miss M. Mitchell is playing at half prices at the National. Henry Farren and Miss L. Howard fail to draw full houses at the Mu seum. The Howard ia closed, and this week is announctd as the last of the season at the Boston theatre. Miss R. Bennett plays Lady Gay Spanker at the Boston theatre to-night, for her sister's benefit. On dit that MlssR. Bennett Is going back to England, and that her sister Julia wQl fill her place ia Wallack's company. Miss Kimberly has returned to Boston, after a very suc cessful Western tonr. Albany.? Mr. Davenport and Miss F. Vining are playing a very sucosssful engegement here. Montreal.? The theatre here is now open, under Mr. John Bnckland's management, llr. H. B. Phillips is stage manager. Mr. Fiaher, (late of Barton's), Mr. C. Hale, Mr. W. H. Curtis, Miaa Mary Agnea, (Oainoens) , lilts Retinoids and others are in the company. Hail ia playing a star engagement there at present. Cuvxland.? Mr. W. B. Barton and wife, and Mr. George Jordan, are playing at the Athencum here. Mr. Mnraoch is at the opposition honse. Bttown (Canada) ? The theatre her* will be opened next week, by Mr. Iaherwood and D. B. Stewart (late of Walack'a). Miss Kate Saxon. Mr. Hield, Miss Maearthy, Mr. EeteheD (a clever comedian, late of Barnum's Mu isnrn), are in the company, which will also act In Quebec. Btfvalo.? Mis* Elisa Logan i* playing a fin* engage ment here. Baltimobr.? White's (New York Serenade?) are at the Museum here. They go next to the National thea tre, Bo* ton. Carada.? John Nickin*on concludes his advertise ment of the Royal Metropolitan theatre at Hamilton thus:? "Ood save the Queen ? Vive l'Empereur Fran cai*." Mr. Niokinson Is a naturalised citisen of the United Stat**, which make* this announcement very abanrd. Australia.? Gustavo* V. Brooke I* now ln Australia. On his op.ning night in Sydney, the receipts were nearly ?400. Box neat* were sold at $4 each; pit 92, and gal lery $1. A Bjdney paper speaking of a number of voca lists known aa the Nelson Family, saya that Mr. Nslson is welt known as the author of "Woodman. Spare that Tree " and many otbsr popular ballads, ana tbe various members of the family have won for themselves a name and place in the musical world. This is ton bad. The real author of tbe ballad ia a Brigadier Gnnernl ia the New York State Milttla. and th* above stateaeat U RDO 1 "cutrij* c??tl tH-'i Free Jtaaanrjr. We give below a few more facta ia relation to the a. * nunl Comaeunication of the M. VT. Oread Lodge, which commenced at the Apollo Booau on Tuesday, end cloied on Saturday. When the jvll of representative! wM celled, it wm found that 200 lodge* were present thrrrogh their dele gate*. There were Sinew warranto granted, which, with the lodges not represented, make a total of 331 lodge* under this jurisdiction. In relation to the establishment of ten district D. O. M. '* throughout the State, the resolution* calling for their appointment were taken up and adopted. The M. W. G. M. then appointed the following brothers ? First district, W. Samuel C. Nichol* ; second, R. W. John S. Ferry ; third, W. Lysander H. Brown ; fourth, W. Ezra S. Barnum ; fifth, W. Wm. Hall ; aixth, W. Charle* G. Jndd ; seventh, R. W. Jams M. Hath , eighth, W. Eli oott Evans ; ninth, W. John J. Aiken ; tenth, W. John A. Vender li pp. % The eabjeet of a confederation of the different Grand Ix>dgea in a National Grand Lodge wa?, after a spirit*! discussion, laid on the table. The matter, eo long agi tated, and of (treat importance to the whole fraternity, of adopting a uniform standard of work by the Grand I-odge, was referred to a committee of fifteen, who re ported that it was ?t nrwnt to adont particular ayrftem of work, but nevertheless recom mended that, as far a* possible, aome uniform eyatem be adopted by the different lodges. W. Bro. A. Colovoleni, of Percy Lodge, No. 187, we* elected Grand Lecturer by a very large majority. On Wedneaday, W. Bro. Sewell Fisk, G.T , presented a very handsome Bible to the Grand Lodge, which was ac cepted and a suitable acknowledgment roturaed therefor. On Friday, W. Bro. Drew, of Buffalo, alao presented to the Grand Lodge a P. G. officer's jewel, which was alao re oeived and suitably acknowledged. In relation to the matter of introducing sectarian'sm Into the prayers or work of the fraternity, on a resolu tion of W. Bro. Robert D. Holmes. W. M. of Mystic Tie Lodge No. 272, snch conduct was disapproved of strong ly, and a committee, consisting of himself, R. W. Finlay, M. King, S. G. W., and Bto. Iionel Jacobs, of Mont gomery Lodge, No. 68, was appointed to draw up a re port on the eubject, which should be attached to the printed nroctedinga of the Grand Lodge. The officers of last year were re-elected. The D. G. M. Bro. Lewis declined being a candidate for Grand Master. The Annual Communication of the M. W. Grand Lodge of the Ancient and Hozorable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of New York, (Old Con' Btitutlons, ) was held at the Grand L'jdge room, at Free masons' Hall, No. 0Q0 Broadway, on Tuesday evening laat, and eloeed on Thursday evening. The following Grand Officers were elected, viz. M. W. and Hon. MorOecai Myers, of Schenectady Grand Master. Rt. W. Nathaniel F. Waring, Esq., of Brooklyn D. Grand Master. Rt. W. James Jenkinson, Esq., of Al bany S. Grand Warden. Rt. W. Col. Oliver 0. Denilow, Eiq., of Yonkers J. Grand Ward*n. Rt. W. James Herring, of New York.. Grand Secretary. Rt. W. John Horitpool, " Grand Treasurer. Rt. W. and Rev Evan M. Johnson, Ed ward Cook, and P. Powell . . . .Grand Chaplain*. W. Conrad Bracker Grand Pursuivant. W. Greenfield Pot* Grand Tiler. This ia alao a re election of the three principal officers. This G. L. meets at 600Broagway, and has bnt few subor dinate lodges nnder its jurisdiction. The separation occurred in consequence of a difference of opinion on the subject of the number of representatives allowed to sub ordinate lodges In the Grand Lodge. It ia an absurd qnaml, and in the opinion cf many sensible peraons en both aides of the house, it ought to have been compro mised long ago. Hitam Lodge, No. 3, of Bridgeport, Conn., dedicate their new hall by a public banquet and ball on the night of the 26th inst. From tha arrangements made, the proceedings will be snch as to reflect credit on the fra ternity, and eonduce greatly to its prosperity In that city. There will no doubt be a fair representation pre sent from the lodges of this city. The fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons will cele brate the ensuing anniversary of St. Johns, on Saturday 23d inst., at Milford, Conn., by pnbllc procession, oration, dinner and other festivities, and fraternally invite Ma sonic bodiee and brethren, of all degrees, to be preeent and participate in the festival. An oration on the occa sion will bo delivered by Rev. Wm. R. Alger, of Boston. The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts and other distinguish ed Masonic bodies will be prevent on the oooaaion. A procession will be formed at half past ten o'clock A. M., In front of the Town Hall. The Masonic fraternity of the District of Columbia have been lnviteo by their brethren in Pari* to send a delegate to a Congress of the Masons of the World, about to assemble in the French capital to take into considera tion the condition of llasonry over the globe, and to adopt, for the benefit of the Order, whatever measures may be appropriate and lawful. The Grand Lodge of the District purpose deputizing some worthy American Ma son who may be in attendance at the Paris Exhibition to repreaent them in the proposed Congress. Interesting from Cuba, We bare received file* of the Havana journals, extend, ing up to the 81*t of May. We do not find in them any news of interest. The Diariode la Marina discusses, with evident gusto, the prospects of a dissolution of the Units, which, it tbinks, is foreshadowed in the Know Nothing and abo lition movement* in this oountry. It take* for ito text an article from the Charleston Mercury , wherein it i* taid? speaking of the speech of Senator Wilson, and the declaration of Massachusetts and New Hampshire? "Must they not destroy the Vnion?"? an article from the True Delta of New Orleans, containing the expression? "Men of the South, do you not discover danger la the present situation of affairs and the letter of the Hon. Mr. Stephen*, of Georgia, denouncing the Know Nothing*. The Diario aee* the inevitable sword of destruction impending over the Union, and hypo critically rejoices thereat. OUB HAVANA CORRESPOND KNCI. Havana, May 31, 1865. Deputation cf Creoles to the Northern AbolitionitU? Fighting General Concha with his own Wtiiponi? Move ments of Ship* of War. By the last steamers north, it is whispered about, so that everybody can hear it, that a deputation left the island duly empowered by the Creole party to maae a present of the slaves of Cuba to the abolitionists of the Vnitad State*, England, and France, on the one condl tien, that, with moral influence and means they will aid them to free Cuba of Spanish rale. I bad heard of this proposition some weeks since, and it may cause discus sion; but I did not then, nor do I now, believe that it hae the approval of the property men of Cuba. For this reason, I did not allude to it In my late letters, but a* I hear It seriously spoken of, I feel obliged to take the long route for Its conveyance, for what It may be worth, to your press. This will complicate Mr. Conoha's game considerably, if not more, and Insure the ruin that all have feared, from the impress of British and French mixed policy, upon the institutions of Cnba. It is urged that General Concha has determined if there i* any effort on the part of Cubans to change the form of government, that ha will, If driven to extremity, free the net roes. It is also argued tuat the '.endency of his government is to prodnoe the same effects; that bis pnttinir arms ia the bands of the colored race has already broken down the barrier of subordination, and that a* knowledge of the fact i* circulated in the inte rior, where the slaves largely outnumber the whites, the effect is perceptible, and the difficulty in restraining begins to be seriously felt ? so felt that personal appr? hension counsels the measure. There is no doubt, from wbat every person sees who has two eyes, in this com munity. in our dwellings, and on tha streets, that tha progressive march of niggerdom ia rapid beyond poat C Spanish calculation. Yet I do not think any plan beta matured and approved by the Cuban planters to aave their own Uvea, and obtain the boon of freedota for Cuba, by making so gnat and direct a sacrifice tor the country. It will, however, set the black philantliro piato at woTk, and cause Spain more serious alarm tor the safety of her jewel, than all tbe plottings of the Junta in New York, or tbe dreaded filibuateroe of the South The San Jacinto returned to Havana yesterday from Matanzas. Tbe Fulton. Mltchel, Is still here. H B. M. propeller frigate Termagant, ateamer Medea and aloep f.urydice left port yesterday oa a crulre in the Gulf Stream. Schooner Scorpion at her anchorage In port, lb* mail ateamer Conway arrived yeeterdav from St. The mas, with mails and passengers from Southampton eight daya peat due. Shipping in good health, liavioa and the island the same; and no arrexts; no vea?els fired into, D. John Steiron, Jr., of Beaton, ran five miles at Law Knee on the Otb Inst., in 27 minute* HO sectnda, win nirg a p?r?e af $200. His sompe titer, George frown, ?t made tit* 4U?Va??* ia 23.16, Terrible Accident on the Hndion River. J EXCITING Be INI on BOARD A 1IOBOKXN FIUT BOAT 1 TX?? XUN BBOWSID? ALUBJ1D MI8C0NI/UCT OF , A PILOT. Oujt? ? scene occurred on board the Hoboken ferry fc>At JMterdsy afternoon about half put in o'clock. 14 appears that after the boat left the Canal ?treet floi 1 poorly dressed man came to lereral per sons and a.*ed for money, alleging that he was ?tarring, bnt *upi*Wrg him to be an ordinary beggar, he wag repulsed b7 t{lc?e he spoke to and aid refuaed. When the boat re ashed the middle of the river, the try wa* raited that a l u# was overboard, and a per ton was ?een struggling in ti **? *?ter who proved to be the Indi vidua] who wu (olici tharity. Great excitement waa' caused on board the itoaaboat, which waa crowded to ex t*" with passengers. The en gine waa reveraed, and wh*t purported to be a life boat quickly loweaed into the wa*?r, into whiob two of the deck handa, one named Joseph Lawrence, and the other known as Dutch Cfcarley, immediately jumped. They pulled towards the drowning and succeeded in lift ing him into the boat. By thlx t'laae the steamboat had drifted some distance away from iM*e place, but several persons on beard saw that the life feoat was fast filling with water, and they shouted to the pilot to ran the I steamboat near to afford them assistance; but it i? al leged that that official would not do so, ?od he told the passengers ne usu?....ra ? The boat was fettling every moment, and still the steamboat kept drifting away. Suddenly the small boat ewasnped, and three men were precipitated in the river. The indignation ot the passengers on board the Newark at this time was intense, as they deemed the coaduct of the pilot in not keeping nearthe boat, highly censurable. Dutch Charley was seen to plunge from the boat imme diately before it sunk, and was not seen again, nor had hia body been recovered up to the time of writing. Law rence was more fortunate, as he was a good Hwimmer, and wan luc'sey enough to secure a piece of floating board which sustained hia until he was picked up. The unfortunate unknown wan alio rescued, but though every means used, he soon died, without being able to tell his name. It was the steamer Pioneer, which runs to the Chris tboper street dock, which picked the men up. As might be supposed the pertons on board the Newark, who aaw tho men drowning before their eyes, without being able to render them any assistance, were not a little excited, and the pilot was denounced in unmeasured terms, it beidg believed that he was the cause of the two men's deatn. A meeting of the passengers was called, and Mr. Reuben Gould was elected Chairman. Resolutions were pasted and speeches made, denouncing in unmeasured terms the conduct of the pilot, and a proposition was made to summarily chastise him for his conduct, but wiser councils p/evailed and he was not touched. Our informant states that he was arrested ou bis arri val in Hoboken, but our reporter could not learn whe ther such was the case or not. Dutch Charley was said to be a laborer in the Brook lyn navy yard, and leaves a wife and children. The Coroner of Hoboken will hold an inquest on the body of the per on who attempted suicide to-aay, when no doubt the facts of the case will come to light. Police Intelligence. HOW KVTOBANT GIRLS ARB 80MBTIMES TREATED. A few days ago a poor German girl, about 17 years of age, came to the Lower Police Court, before Justice Connolly, and told the magistrate a doleful tale of the shameful manner in which she had been treated since her arrival in this country. She^ave her name as Maria Hutel, and stated that on the ship in which she was a passenger arriving at Quarantine, it was boarded, as is usually the case, by a lot of rapacious land sharks, (ever ready and willing to commit any crime, no matter how grave in its character, if it only paid them for their tronble,) one ot whom, seeing that she was rather pret ty, induced her, by his plausible atoriet, to put oonfi dence in him and te would procure her a good situation, (just what she most desired.) That on her arrival in New York this runner took her to a disreputable inteli gence office, where she was immediately engaged by the proprietor and proprietress of a lager bier saloon at No. 4 City Hall place, to do genuial housework and attend to the saloon on pressing occasions. She says that she had not been more than an hour ia her new abode when she was enticed into a back room, lockeu up for twenty-four hours, and during that time was compelled to submit to the embraces of no les? than five men, all her own countrymen too. That lulling all efforts to escape from this deu by force were unavailing, she managed to get away by stratagem, by asking as a favor that the owners of the pla:e would allow her to go to Staten Island to see a sick brother. Putting on an air of contentednees she took these people by surprise, and was allowed to make the pretended visit. V>hen once more free she immediately prooeeded to a magistrate, atidj there made an affidavit drawn up by officer bemler, which embodies all the foregoing facta. A warrant was then issued for the apprehension of all parties engaged in the above outrage; aud on Friday Henry SchulWt and Caroline his wife, keepers of the lager bier saloon, were taken into custody bjr officer Frued, of the Emigrant Department, and brought before J natice Connolly on the charge preferred against them by the emigrant girl. They were both committed for examination on the diarge of keeping a disorderly house and for being disorderly characters. SERIOUS STABBING AFFRAY. At en early hour yesterday morning two men, named J. Egbert Farnham and John McKlnsey, became engaged in a fight at the corner of Weat Broadway and Anthony strest, when Farnham. it ia alleged, pulled out a pocket knife and Inflicted a serere gaah in the back, penetrating through the ribi Of McKinaey. The latter, on reviving the wound, raised a loud alarm: whereupon officer Bul w?r, of the Fifth ward police, came up and arreated Farnham. The wounded man waa conveyed to his reai Cence, at No. 663 Greenwich atreet, where he liea in a dangerous condition. The priaoner waa brought before Justice Bogart yesterday, who committed him to pri son, to await the reault of the wounded man'* injuriea. No cause has yet been assigned for the quarrel and fight between these men. Farnham m a member of the Worth Legion, and was; engaged in the Mexican war. Yesterday afternoon McKlnsey waa quite delirious from the Wound, and aerioua doubts wer? entertained of hia recovery by the attending physician. BllDiG THE ELEPHANT IN TBI FIFTH WARD. On Fridsy night a man named Thomaa McCoilum, while engaged in seeing the sights in the Fifth ward, under cover of the night, pretty well nnder the lnfln> ence of kbad rum, was picked np by an old "roper in," who, as a matter of course, kept company with him sa long as the money lasted, acd tnen elyly deserted tim, jntt aa the victim, nnfortuaaUly, came across a party of midnight marauders, who tor aome trivial cause, commenced an indiscriminate assault upon Mc Colli m. injuring him in a serious manner. McCoilum was picked up by the Fifth ward police in an exhausted condition On being taken to the station house, a deep gash waa found to have been inflicted in hla neck, from which the blood flowed freely. The wounded man waa promptly attended by a physician, who sewjad np the cut. No arrests have been made by the police, nor is It at all likely there will be, as McCoilum was too far gone to form any idea of who ttioss that assaulted him wen. ALLEGED ROBBERY. Two men, named John Martin and Edward Loder, were arrested by officer Minto, of the Thirteenth ward police, charged with having on Saturday entered the store of Johanna Rylsko, at 32!) Rivington street, and forelhly robbed the latter of two watches, which were banging np in the window. The complainant alleges that the ac cused on entering the store, aaked if the watches were for sale, the told them they were not; whereupon, she says cne of the two knocked her down and held her fast, while the other went behind the counter and seized the valuables, and having secured their bosty, hastily left the premises. Mrs. Rjisko, however, fellowed them, and giving the alarm, officer Minto succeeded in captar ing the fellows. The accused were taken before J tut lee Welsh, at the R<sex Market Police Court, who eosaaaittod them for examination . ALLEGED ASSAULT WITH A DANGEROUS WgAFTW. A hoy about 14 years of age. named Thosaas Hark*, hailing from London. England, was brought before Jus tice Bogart, at the Lower Police Court, charged with having assaulted Jamos Moloney, of No. 6 Morris atreet, with a knit-', inflicting a eevere cnt in hia left arm. The accused denied the charge, said that the blow was In flicted mtrelr for the purpose of protecting hlmaelf aga'nst the aasault of Molonev. who he said had him "almoet choked to death." and it was ia order to relieve blmrelf from the unpUarnnt situation he waa then placed In, that be assaulted Moloney with the knife. The magistrate committed him to ans*rer. CHASOl OP OR AND LARCHNY. A woman named Catharine Conly. was arrested yester day by officer Mesbit. of the Fifth ward polioe, charged with having cn the 12th of April last stolen a cape shawl, valued at 190, the property of Otis Field, of No. 91 Hudson street. The accused, on being taken before Justice Boy art, admitted having stolen the valaable gar n ent. and informed the officer where she had pawned it. The shawl waa discovered at a pawnbroker s In West Broaoway, r.nd restored to the owner. Catharine waa c< mmjtted to priton on a charge of grand larceny, Newi bjr the Malls, One hundred and fifty nine deaths occurred In Phila delphia last week, of which ten were from consump tion. the water in the Ohio river at Pittxburg, on the 8th inat., measured six feet, and was rising. The Rut'.-n* lleraM Bays then are seven hnadred men constantly employed quarrying marble in Rutland county, VI.; and there will be rn'-od during fhs present year not lees than 1,109,000 feet of marble. Meetings have been held ia Nebraska eity, N. T., to consult upon measures to build a railroad front the east era part ot Iowa through the eeuiisrn US' of eonntie* in that mate to the M'ssenrl river, at ??ni point Castle Cudru to be an Emlyrut Ptptl K?* Uon (Mr InJucUia Denied. Sl.'PBRIOIt COI'KT? apt r HI. nuts. Before Uon. Judge Uoilmeu. Jvsx 9. ?In ths WkiXertfa Motion for an InjuruUm agairut the C<mmutien<-n of Emigration, to rrjfroeis them from utabluhing a Otfui/or UmigrmU at CaMr iknr+U, the Court rendered as elaborate decision, denying tw Motion for inunction. Judge Hoffman said? The caw la to be considered to two aspects: First, ia rsiation te particular statutes aad conveyaaces, under which the piaintitf meats that k ?ad Uto?e similarly situated bare an abeolote right, a owaer* of to have the inteaded cue of Caatt (jar dsn prohibited. Second, ia relatios to the geaera law governing the Court ia interfering with partis . whoae net* amount to naUancea. or tcad to aueh ceaee ?lasnces, endangering property, health or comfort, aa ase equivalent to naisances. 1. Aa to the particular right* of the plaintiff-, aa owners of property ia the vi cinity-Fir*, the laad upon whioh Castle Gardes stand*, ?a well aa the Battery, aa it waa at any period defined, did sot paan to the Corporation of New York aader Ut Montgomery charter by the grant of the four haadred feet into the water. The line* of that grant expraMto exclude thete pr?mi?es. There wa a aUo aa Jr-rmi reeervaties of Fort George, ? ana ttr.n " STiSi: ?: sor'.bed, aa well aa all the tan da within auch liaaita claimed by the corporation, except the landa reserved ia the Brut aection. The ersception wm the greaad fronting the Bowling Green aad running to the roar at the lata frontiag on Pearl a treat, which it ia aufficioat to indicate a a tho gorenuaent Houao Grounds The reoitat show* that the atention waa to convey Fort George aad the Battery adjacent thereto. Tho corporation waa to hold the premiaeo " for the purpose a t erecting public bnildinga aad works of defence thereon, bat without any power to dispoee of the aaaae for nay other uaa or par pose whatever, and without any power of selling aay part thereof. " The judge then proceeded to examtes at great length and with marked ability the aunaeieaa effidavlta presented to him, which, he coniulered. had established beyond aay reasonable doubt theae points : ? First, that the selection of Caetle Garden oaablaa tha Commissioners more effectually to guard tho eaaigraato from frauds and imposition; that it is of great advantage In facilitating their dispersion throughout the country, and of giving them tbe benefit of the counsel aad aid of tiie several societies specially tormed to watch oar their comfort. Beoond, that the employment of Castle Gardaaa for the purpose of re- examination is of manileat advaa tage in ita tendency to secure the health smd comfort aC the emigrants themeelvee Tbe judgment and experieaaa of the Commissioners, confirmed py the affidavit of Or. Ushes this. Third, the bringing together all the eaai grants whose dif eases have escaped detection at the Qua run tine, into one place, auch aa tbe premiaesia question, ia decidedly more Hkely to avert the propagation of dta ease in thecity at largethanthe present system. The ef fects oi landing the passengers at dliTereat points, of Im mediately crowding them into filthy boarding houses, are stated in the affidavits of several of the experienced physicians and others, and hear every appearanoe at good sense and tryth. Fourth, the question of the de terioration of the value of property depends chiefly upon the settlement of the question next discussed, as to the effect of the proposed aaeof the Garden apoa the health of tbe neighboring inhabitants ? aa far as any deterioration exists, it is sufficient to say that s stronger case must be made for an tnjanctioa than to canes of threatened injuries to health. When a nui sance ia established aad abated by the verdict of a jury, tbe injury to property will be removed. Fifth, ia rela tion to the decision in Brower agaiaat the Mayor, Jto.t (3 Barbour S. C. Bep. 264. ) I may aay that a caaa was then made by tbe plaintiff, and not auooeaafally re pelled by tbe defendants, widely different from the pre sent. Sixth, the remaining and leading question ia, as to the extent and imminence of the danger from conta gious or infecticua diseases to the inhabitants ia tha immediate vicinity, represented bv the plaintiff. Tha distance of tbe Garden from the neareet habitation Is about five hundred feet. Tbe Intermediate apace ia opaa ground, with a free ventilation. I must confide ia tha statement? of the Commissioners, that they meaa to prevent the emlgntita from intruding upon tbe Battery grounds, and 1 tee no difficulty in their accomplishing this purpose. Disregarding tbe long liat of deponeste aa each sice, whose wast of information upon th's sutjeet robs their opinion of weight, 1 have given my principal attention to the affidavits of the medical gentlemen. K the rrstic rule of decision, n umero rum ponderr, waa ap plied. I find an overwhelming number on the part sf the defendanta. It of coarse beyond my power to estimate the relative weight of character aad qualiflcatloa ; hut several of the physieiaas tbe part of the defendanta are now, or have b( in official situations, which entitle their opinions te la fiuence, independent of comparative professional eminence. Among these are Dr. Harris, formerly deputy Health Officer, whose affidavit merits particular notice : Dr. Sterling, physician at the Marine Hospital from 1848 to IBIS ana examining physician of the Oasa misa loners since that time: Dr Rockwell, Hsalth Offioer for four years, and now real lent physician of the eity and agent of the Board of Health: Dr. Miller, the preaaat Health Commissioner aad formerly member of the Ceae mon Council and on the Committee of Public Health; Dr. Fay, deputy Health Officer, for three years prior to the summer of 1864; Dr. Cox, vialting physician of (ha hospital of the Uommisaionara; Dr. lhompaon, Health Of ficer of the port of New York; Dr Rothe. In the saaplay of the Comsusuoners at Quirantlae. Dr. Martingale, deputy Health Officer of tha port; and Dr. Vache, physi cian in chief of tbe Marine Hospital, and for five years resident phyaician of the city. The opiaieaa af so large a number of responsible officers aad experienced physicians, are, In aay judgment, de cialve. I attribute more than mere persons! im portance te the ostha of thoee who have been eat apart by the public to watch over the health of the eity; whose experience and constant familiarity with the ha bits aad diseases of emigrants, mark them as beat qnatf fied to speak with authority; asd whoae prejudiced or even hasty judgaaent involves, not merely the laapoaah ment of their ialiness and intelligence, but the violatiom of a aclemn duty consigned to them by the public AS theee, with entire unanimity, state that the apprehsa alena of tha apread of contagion, from such a aaa of Castle Garden, are groundless, tie venth? Another oaa sideration ia, that the Common Council of the city, as conservators ot the publio health, may abate every nui sance and if experience | roves that the evils aad daagera aatiaipated by the plaintiffa are la aay degree realised, they may be immediately removed. The powera of oar cor poration are aa extensive aa thoee of the municipal aatha rities of Bestoa or of Albany, and anch is the rule. (Bafear agt. Boston, 12 Pick , 184; Van Warner agt. tbe Stayer of Albany, 16 Wendell, 262 ) By the act of 1850. (ch. 275,) the Mayor and Common Council are oonatitntod the Board of Health; and by aection 2 of article 1, tttts 8, they have full authority to abate all nuleaaeee wlthia the city. I have givea to this motion the care and. study which its importance and interest demands; aad the result is a conviction that, to arrest the plan ef tha Commissioners, full aa it is of so many undeniable baas fits, upon the evidence now before me, would be a raah and unwarrantable exercise of a (ower, salutary only whea wielded with caution, bnt a formiiable and mla chievoua engine of wrong when exerted except upon tha mandate of imtierioua necessity. The aaotlon for tha in junction must be denied, and the temporary order dia charged without coaia to either party. Hem ttom Europe In Mi Days. TO TUB KDITOS OF THE OKRA.LB. The New York, Newfoundland end London Telegraph Company have mede e contract with Meier*. Husted k K roe hi, submarine engineers, of thie city, to remove the " Merlin Kock," lying In the centre of the entrance to the herbor of St. John*, Newfoundland, which ie to* only obstruction to the entranoe of the Collins and ether large et?amen into that port. There Is now eighteen feet of water upon the rock at low tide; hot as the 0M> lint steamers draw twenty three feet of water wham loaded, the Telegraph Company have contracted to re duce the " Merlin Kock" to twenty- seven feet betov Mesa low water. When this obstacle Is remeTed it is probable that i of the European steamers #111 make St. Johae a at place, as it liee directly on their ronto, and abeut oae~ third of the distance from New York to Liverpool, a* that a steamer from Europe, at St. Johns, Newfound land. may hare her bows telegraphed to Now Tork witnia eta days from the date of hex departure fsona Liverpool. The eoast of Newfoundland near the entrance to St. Johns rises as boldly from thefsea as oar Pallieadee to from the Hudson : and the harbor la one of the toot to the island, being formed botwvea two mouateiaa. the eastern points of which Ware an entrataoe called the narrows, about throe haadnd yards in width. Itoaa mountains are the first point of land seen in the pos tage, by the nsaal ronto. from Baropo to Aaserioa, aad the lefty aad almoet perpendicular precipic*s rise to a height of over five handled feet, oa both sides of the en trance to the harbor ; but (ho south era shore has rattow the greateet altitude, from oomparisoa with the opaa alto rocks there la a lipfat showa every night on the left side of the oatraaee, where there Is el?e a signal posfl^ whence ahips that pass are hailed aad signals asatfe to the top or a lofty hill on the rtaht of the entraaoe, whisk are thence telegraphed to the city aad GoveraMrt House, giving th? nasse of the eeeeel, where aha la Una, and the length of her passage. There Is about twetva fatbomi wiSer la the middle of tto chaaaeL with feed anchorage around, but about two thirds of the d Its nop between the ea trance and what may bo termed the tor* bor itself an* midway between the Chaia Rook, wans ut #d with the right shore, and*?ha Faaeake oa the tot, n.P, in the form o' a sugar loaf, the Merita Hook, freun a depth of fitty fset with'n eighteen feat of the nur faoe at low water. The Chela Rook, so eeUed from a chain bsvieg been eitendrd a eroea the strait at thai pl?o? in time of wax, to prevent the admloehM of a bee tle fleet u in no way daagenna to veeeels entering the port. The contract with Messrs. Basted k Kroebi onto for the completion of the work by the let e< Hastfsmber nest, but judging 'rem the eaargy aad pewmptnets wife which this dm have hitherto executed wart of thie kind. It may to expected it will bo eemptet** by the 1st of August, by which time the telegraph Oempeay *0t

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