Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 18, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 18, 1855 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 6870. MORNING EDITION-MONDAY, JUNE 18. 1855. PRICE TWO CENTS ? 6RAND KNOW NOTHING DEMONSTRATION 1 IV PHI uA DELPHI A. MASS 1EKTMG IN INDEPENDENCE SQUARE. fete of the colored lanterns. The Platform and Catholic Disabilities. THE ELEMENTS DECIDEDLY UNPROPITIOUS. Speeches of Messrs. Broome, of Pa; Brown, of Tenn.; Mallory, of N. Y-; Bowling, of Va., die., Ac., die. The (rend flanle of the proceeding* of the Motional American Convention, which baa been in aeaaion for two week* part in Philadelphia, took place on Saturday eve ning last, In the ahtpe of a tremeadoua gathering of the masses in Iadependeaoe square Great preparations had boon made to give this meeting a character of Im portance. The lodges throughout the city had alt em hied on the prevtens evening, a* well to deelare their nenttecata in respect to the p'atform adopted by the Convention, aa to make arrangement* for a formidable display of their number* next day Huge placard* wore ported on eviry available spot in and around Philadel phia, calling upon the masse* to assemble in their might andmsjerty. The call waa in these words:? AMERICAN MASS ME1TINGI FREEDOM'S BIRTHPLACE. Tub Friends or Civil and Religious Liberty Who are opposed to fersian i fluonoe and saetariaa diota Woo are opposed to loreian linuenos ana *e "ticn In the affair* of the Stats *nd nation, will Assemble ih Mass Meeting AT INDEPENDENCE S Q UARE, On Saturday Evenino, June 18, For th* purpose of again_proeUtiui?g the venerable prinoi l Father* of th* Eepablto, si embodied in ?pie* of th* ? AwiBioan Institution*. American Measures, and Ameeican Progress. Addresses will b* delivered by Judge E. B. Baitlett Eentneky. Judge F. H Cone Georgia. Judge A. Colby Nsw Hampshire. Oev. Neil S. Brown Tennossoe. Hon. Eenneth Eayner North Carolina. Thomas E. Herri* Missouri. D. 8. Hawtn*, Esq Missouri. W. A. Cunningham, Esq Missouri. Gen. Fa 8. Pitcher Kentucky. Cel. Bowling Virginia. A. Judsen Crate, Esq Virginia. A. A. Botoler, Esq Virginia. a. a. jivvvivi * jeimi ........ v ukiuu Col. J. 8. Mc(5aI1. . Texas. Col. W. FT. MoCall Florid*. Col. Esse* W. Setchell Minneieta. Cent. Albert Pike Arkansse. John Cnanisgbam, Esq South Carolina. ingnai pm ? mmmm Russell, Esq South Carolina. N. D. Bperry. JEsq Connecticut. D. B. Booth, Esq Conneotlout. T. A. Ford, Esq Ohio. . -IM. W. B. Morse. Eiq^ Alabama. Fn. Alexander, Esq Maryland. S. Squires, Esq New York. 8. V. B. Mallory, Eiq New York, And others. Early In the evening huge omnibuses filled with musl nlane, and gaylyf decked oat with flags, banners and device*, passed through the streets, attracting con siderable attention, and inviting, by means of announce ment* painted on large strips of canvas, the Americans Of such and such a ward to meet at such and sich a place for the purpose of marching tp Independence Hall. The organ of the party, the Daily Morning Timet, Exhibited in front of its office a large transparency re presenting the city coat ef arms in a somewhat modified shape, with a Continental sol iter on the right, having the date "1770" over hie head, and on the other aide aa allegorical figure intended to represent the mighty *'dam," surmounted by the date "1866." A muscular hand emerging from a dark cloud in the background, holding a tight griy of a writhing serpent, completed the pleture. But ahnut five e'clock the gathering and blackening elond gave portentous indications of an approaching gloria. Shortly after, thunder began to roll, the cloud emitting vivid ftaehes of lightning and a most coptou < Supply ef rain. The storm, however, soon passed over, though it wee quite apparent ite cessation waa bu temporary. With the usual mysterlousnesa of th Order, there waa no hour named tor the proceedings to Commence. It might have been at 6 o'clock, at 8, or at 10, far all the information that could be obtained there pf. At 7X o'clock our reporters were on the gronnd and fonnd then assembled some fifty carious spectators. Three stands had been treated along the main avenue of the handsome square, the prlneipal one being right at the rear of Independence Hall, the windows of Which were occupied by men, women and children, nnxione to witnees the proceedlnga. The platforms were all decorated with the osnal dis play ef banting. In front of the chief platform there was formed a sort of bow of temporary gas jets, with n star in the centre, and all the stands seemed to bs Connected by a line of llghte. Everything was done for display, but little for aeoommodation, theie having been so arrangements whatever made for the press, until, on Cn appeal to the chairman of the managing committee> B small table was at Isngth procured. Eight o'elosk arrived, end there was as yet no organisation, and but very few persons on the groand; hut the rain was co quetting, new coming down a little, now holding np a little, and altogether acting with great eecentrieliy. Quarter of an hoar niter, the strains of a brass band were heard in the square, playing some foreign air, and noon the lodge of the Fifth ward marched in with ban ner and^rnnspareaeies. The banner was placed on the stand, and on it was inscribed the novel legend:? (,ooooooooooooooooooooeooooo0 O WX GO FOR THE UXIOM, 0 O THK WHOLE UNION, o O AND NOTHING BUT THE UNION. O "ooooooooooooooooooooooocoo0 NO NORTH?NO SOUTH? HO EAST?NO WEST. COOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO But the appearanoe of the Firth ward people was ut letly eclipsed in the display made by the Eighth ward. These came along accompanied by n band, and bearing unnumbered banners and paper lanterns or transparen cies. The latter were in ell colors?red, green, blur, yel low end white?and as they were moved around they Imparted to the scene an appearance not nnlike that which might be presented at a Chinese feast of lanterns. These transparencies war* Inscribed with a curious mis cellany ef devices and mottoes Every variety of ex pression that " Sam" oould suggest was used on this Important occasion ; and that mythical personage was put through his moods and tenses in e most carious and amusing manner. He appeared In all the foDowiag pos ture* :? COOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO " BAMUKL IS ALL RIOHT. '' " BAMUKL IS WIDE AWAKE. ' SAMUEL, BTAMD UP. " SAMUEL IB OOIMO TO STAND UP. SAMUEL HAS STOOD UP. ' SAMUEL IS 8TAHDINO UP. SAMUEL MEANS TO STAHD UP. ? ? o .4)0000000000000000000000000 o Th* striking originality of Ideas expressed m these pithy sentence* canned a good deal of fun. But th# mottoes were not entirely devoted to "Sa muel." Then were, among others, the following equal ly original end Instructive ones nOOOOOOOOOOOOaofidaaoooffiffiaaA's *> utow www mvr Annuo a. u o wi will rionn oua homkr abd nran?t?. n 0 orit oocrtrt akd or* oochtry's good. o 0 WI KNOW WOTHIRO BtJT AHBRICA v crior rom Km. o ? arau and thb ooNwrmmo*. 0 WASHINGTON, TBK FATHKR OF THB AHHRIOAR PARTY I 0 COMMON SCHOOLS, THR HAFBODARO OF THB RATION. 0 TV* FRBB C8R0P THB HULK WITHOUT ROTH OR COMMRNT O ? PLACR RONS BUT AMBRICARS OR GUARD TO-NIGHT. ' O 0 COD AND OUR OOCRTRT. o 0 AHRRICAR LA Din TUB TRUB FRIBRDB OF BAH. ft OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO And BO OR dd MWnR. Who* tho excitement occasioned by the antral o IfcBM lodges hod BO mow hot subside 1, tho mating wa collod to order by Mr. B. Pouleen, who nominate! r Chalrmaa oT the mootinf the Hon. Jo sob Broome, Mam t*r of Ooagress elwet from the elty of Philadelphia. The ronlRRtlon woe confirmed by acclamation; aad lfr. ntooHi came forward aad addreased the meeting. He paid:? My Ceaatrjmsa?la approaching this chair, I am conatralaed to return to yon aay unbounded thanks for tbU mark of your confidence. As It wae the Intention that yon should hare aa opportunity of hearing some of our distinguished oountrymen from other States on the snbjsct of Americanism, the oonetitntioB, the Union and oar liberties, I shall, of coarse, not ocoupy your time and attention with any remarks of my own. These iisntlsmsn hare not yet arrised on the ground. And while we all acknowledge the importance of this great patriotic moremeut on the part of the people, I trust that yon will co operate with me on this occasion, also, to preaerre its patriotism aad Its dignity. I hare no Voubt that yoa will be highly entertained with those -ho will appear before yon this erasing. For many yrais past the subject of Americanises and 'he causes which hare glren rite to American aseoctatims hare bten moat)/ confined within the cities u4 Philadel pbia and New York: bet the continued mna ?tons which hare characterised the few yean peat tare started thia A marie to patriotism like wild fire over the country, till It baa entered a vary hamlet aad town, county and State in our glorious Uatea. (A panae, but not the falateet ghost of a ohaer ) The causes which we have labored und?r havs baeu sufficient to held us ateadfaet in the position which we a* turned twelve years ago. The character of the causes has scarcely to tbia day been understood In the different parts of onr notion. It haa parts of onr nation. It baa been my glorious SrivUege, within the last tan weeks, to hove pealed tiiougk seventeen States of our Union, meeting large crowds of our American countryman aad addroasta tbsm on this subject; and l'bave generally found where Ml cause of ever 1 bava gone that the original cause of American as sociations haa not been fully and sufficiently understood. The tyrannical recurs of Ksns>agtcn were entirely un known to tkrm The indignities to the star-spangled banner on that occasion, and the death of Shlffier, of Wright, Cox, Bamsey and others, on that occasion, were matters of ntws to thousands of onr countrymen, who, the moment they heard of it. and the source from whence three interruptions in the path of American free men h?d sprung, immediately disrupted the ties which bonad them to parties, and ralUed, like sons of the soil ?worthy eons of noble sires around their glorious ban ner. to stand for tho liberties of their country, its consti tution and its anion forever. (A faint cheer ) I have the gratification to assure y ou of the wide spread feel ing of American patriotism which is now in operation through our vast acd extensive ooontry. There is no difficulty to bo apprehended. We have bnt one object in view, and that object fcee from all Isms of every kind. It is to show ourselves worthy of the high confi dence reposed in us by the fathers of thia oonntry, with revolutionary cages and heroes, who established the liber ties of thia ooontry, and handed them down to ua in trnat. to be banded down to our posterity That is the only object wo have in view; and when Americans are con tending lor so noble an object, they are not to be turned aside from it by Henry A. Wise, of Virginia, who has been the most noisy in his wholesale abuse of American patriotism, and haa turned his back upon tho iastttn ilons of the country iwli'ch gave him birth: who can see bis countrymen rallying around their liberties for tho sake of their posterity withont recognising that their motives were patriotic, whatever may be the er rors of the head: and who would stigmatise you anl all of us, my friends, by tho beautiful epithets of "lousy," " loathsome," "filthy," "Godless," " Chnstless," and "Immoral." (A laugh.) When American statesmen resort to such wholesale abuse of the men of this laud, who have, thank God. in their bosom, [suiting the action to the word and smiting himself on the breast,] the moral courage to stand np like men to uphold the glorious fabrio of our freedom? when snch men as these, I say, shall rile into pewer on the popular voioe. there is an odorwhioh admonishes us that, unless corrected, these Institutions cannot much longer endure. Therefore, the noble work of Americans is to redeem?[interrupted by skyrockets, Chinese crackers, and other Jeux d' artifice]?to re deem the chsracter of our country from what must be considered the disgrace of the Virginia election on that occasion. And I do trust that you of Pennsylvania will he the first?as you were the first in this glorious move ment?in the glorious work to redeem the character of the American aaeociations throughout this country-and that the rest of the States of our Union may follow In your wake (Faint cheers.) Twenty-four vice-presidents were then appointed. At this stage of tne proceedings their solemnity was lightened by the advent of the "Americans of the Ninth and Tenth wards," who marched into ths square with the nsnal accompaniments of music, flags, banners and lanterns, and amidst the dlrcharge of flra rockets, Chi nsse crackers, squibs, and every speitea or saltpetre invention. The scene became at once extremely pictur esque. Tie music of the band, the yelling of tho b'boys, the illumination under the grand old trees, the discbarge of rockets, the grotesque appearance of the transparencies, and the swaying to ana fro of some six or seven thousand spectators, altogether made np a grand tableaux. The banner borne by the Tenth ward, and placed upon the principal platform, waa that which bad figured in 8ansom Strwet Hall at the national ban quet, a few weeks before, representing the "martyr" fchiffler wrapping himself in the stars smd stripes, and exhibiting an unusual amount of anxiety for the pro te ctlcn of the Bible. On some of their transparencies were tffe following mottoes:? " Tin TBNTH NKTKR 8UBK1SDKB8. ? FRO SCHOOLS AND YOUNG AMSRICA. " " NO FUSION KXCKPT WITH AMRRICANS. 0 O 00000000000000 ooooooooooooo The Chairmen then introduced to the meeting Mr. Nul 8. Drown, formerly Governor of the State of Ten nessee, who, in the midst of a drenching rain, and with the Chairman hold ng an nmbtella over him, addressed the meeting as follows :? If allow Cinaois?We are met in Committee of the Whole People on the State ot the Union. I know not how I shall perform the part assigned me, to address you under such circumstances. There is an eloquence in this vast assembly, In the manifestation of its enthusi asm?in these banners, these devices?these high tones of deep tentimeiit?much higher than I can aspire to. What means this vast movement?this outpouring of the city of Philadelphia ? You have met to hear the principles of this great American movement discussed before you. And what meena this great American movement? Is it the work of party tactics ??is It the production of psrty demagogues, for the purpose of raising a platform to reach power and office in this great country ? So, sir. In the whole history of the world, no formation of party has ever presented itself similsr in its outline to that called the American party. You have had your old parties, your whig and your demo cratic parties; and they have had their merit. They fought and they conquered alternately, and had, in tarn, possession of the White House. But the time has ooms whan these perigee are disrupted?when their broken anents lie In every State of tbie Union, from the At e to the Pacific; the time has come, when aliena tion of, growing out of agitation North and South, called upon every patriot to ground his arms, and corns end assemble on one common theatre It is the impulse of this great throbbing American heart, that native bom, hallowed feeling, which has bounded to come to the rescue in the honr of tribulation. What do we mean by the platform of which you have heard? We mean that Americans shall rale America. (Cheers.) And why should not Amsricans govern America? It is their oonntry. It is their inheritance. We are the offspring ef those men who made America what she is. Are yon a native of Philadelphia: and is there any other spot on this gresn esrth which you would exchange for it? (A few voices, "No.") Is ltnotthe place above sil others m which, humble or exalted, you would prefer to lay your bones when that hoar of death comes upon you? i on some little lonely spot, under some modest grove, by the same stream on whose banks you sportsd in infancy, among those gentle lullabys which soothed your ardor in your childhood? You would not like to sleep the last sleep ehieli belongs to us all in a foreign land. I refer to these affections and influences as the foundation of that strength of American ieeling which is manifested throughout this great country. Now, think you that the foreigner ?U not have thia feeling for his country? Will not his sye wander hack to Ireland and to Germany, to the bomee of his fathoif (A voice in the rich Irish brogue, "Aye.") Does ho leve this oonntry liko you? (A voice, No.") Can he dolt? (JTbe same answer.) I wish to make no reflection* an Ihese honest foreigners who very often show themsefYOSToyal to this country. But if we must discriminate, It most be acknowledged that In the whole history of this oonntry we have but one Benedict Arnold native bom. It Is not only that, but, fellow citisena, it is among our native born citlssns that ws most look to keep the great public paaoe, and to preserve the mighty Union. (A taint cheer ) 1 was very much amused to-day at an Incident said to have bsppentd,in this very Independence square a day or two since. An Irisbmaa went up to a negro In thu Pqnare, end lays he, *'An<l, faith, will ye plane tell a man where they issue these naturalisation papers?" Says the negro, -'We American)?laughter?have deter mined not to issue any more. We have determined that yen Irishmen must bo born hare,"?laughter?leaviug to the poor Irishman the hard problem to solve, how he was to be born over again. Nov, I will not deta'.n you on this problem; but sometimes It la urged that it la a great hardship on foi signers to deprive them of suffrage. id they have any claim npen these rights where they cams from? Eld they vote at home? we have given them sn asylum, a home, a house; we protect them by our laws and conslltntion; and we only say that they shall not vote, that they csnnot hoM office, that we will administer this government, because it is ours. Ws say we are a'l riding inagreatomaibut?Irishmen, Germans, and Americans; they are perfectly welcome to ride here, but we chooee to hold tbo reins, last the horses should take fright and ran away. Now, the honest foreigner ought to sympathize with this movement; this la his adopted country, and he ought to know and to fee! that Americans art better qualified to administer this gov eminent than be is. He ought to recollect that he has children to oome after him, who have a right to inherit this as the land of their birth; he ought to desiro to see it protected end fortified by the first intellects, and ths most conquering will ef ths great native American people. Ws say, too. that ws have a religion in this country which we oeslre to see perpetuated?the Protectant raligion. What is it? That which protests against all interference with the coesciences of men?whatever their religion may be?by any superior power. (Slight applause.) Look back at the history of the world. Whrn was it that this feeling first had its or gin? In the days of llartln Luther, whoee mighty thunder shook the papal power, and whose echoes are still heard echoieg along down the track of ages ; and wherever it is beerdi the echoes of liberty are mi ogling with the eehoee or religion, which hat built up great and free people, and free altars in every land where it is known and recog nised. Now, on this subject, I have no dee ire to perse cute or say hard things. 1 am discasslng principles of moment. Whatever in this world the Catholic religion has been the predominant religion of any State, there ?" DO liberty; and I challenge controversy on this ?2L, .T. ?PP*essed Ireland ruled over by Great Mtain, the only other free government In the world noept our own. And where is the liberty of Ireland ? J** priests of that papal power. a?7# Franoe. and the German State*, i v* ,n, ?? 7 ** ,oru* ones thundered those mighty powers of eloquenoo which are still handed uv" v 1 Rome ! once powerful with her army and her senate and her constitution, Is now a city of organ grinder* and slaves. (Innghtsr.) Slaves to that so oiled hierarchy. u not this true? A few years ago the Romans threw off the papal yoke and drova the Pope out of the clt7 end be was brought bank again by the baronets of Catholic Franco, and reseated on his throne Rome, once distinguished, is now degraded and h*w*<i down by a spiritual despotism. Wherever that religion has prevailed in Ita present form, man has wlthersl end (Trooped and died; sad if It ware established <u this country, it would perform the una operation our ?elvee. Wherever the eoul of bub is enslaved the mmiwtit of hie intellect folio we, for if you true the keeping of jour eoul to * given mdividoel, he ie very ept to eoBussed jour pereon. But I advance from tUie topic. In tbet platform, of which we are speaking, ie one matter about which there ie great difference of opinion. Ifia that whioh provide* that (he ^fltatoa on the ewhject of i la very ?hall ceaee, and that the e lilting legislation on the snhjeet eball be maintained for the purpose# of peace [Hon another Council advanced with mueic, lan tern, and a banner surmounted by a Fez cap j Mr Bbown continuing? Now, fellow citizens, on thia subject l am net a-going to nek you to that slavery ie a good inat tUtiOD in the nbatraet Far from it. 1 am a going to leave yon to your own opinions on it? you have a right to them. But It U an metitu'ioa which has always erinted in eome States of thia Union It bae or me down to them from antiquity It haa be come, whether wiaely er unwisely, the subject of groat agitation, which ie dangerous to the Untea [Another interruption, in the shape of reoketi and fire crackers, movemeat et lanterns, he ] Mr Brown. rrsumlng? Thia topic, I said, has become the aubject of agitation, and was throatoniag to alienate tba ficliogs of the North and South, to that a state of thinga which any hoeest man desires f We of the South do not a?k thnt slavery shall be propagated. We oars nothing about that. The object of the platform ie merely to 'at the subject aleue. It to an appeal te thin great oonntry for peace, peace, peace For God'a ache peace on thin miserable question. (Applause and cheers.) to that asking too mucht (soma voices, "No ") Then If you hear it said this ie a pro-si*very platform, I deny It. On constitutional grounds, and on the literal rendering of the term, it is not a pro-ilavoiy platform. Wo ask bo such thing. It is a national plat form, and merely asserts that thia institution, whether f ood or bad, is engrafted on the Southern States Leave t to them to settle, and let it alone. Now, gentl it w vueiu mb nvta*f| nuu act aw mvmoi ?vw| bnguif? jou are my brother#. I hold you as my kindred, and I have an inheritance injour State, and in every State of tbi* glorious Union. Thia Union belongs to me, and it belongs to every one of yon. and ovary foot of its soil is racred. This Union was founded on compromise and conciliation; otherwise it never eeutd have been adopted. The institution of slsvety existed at the time; it was recognized than, it haa coatiaued to exist till this day, and I tell you, as a Southern man, that it has from year to year been meliorated is its character. " I speak whatl do know " I ?m no ultra man. I never made a epiech oa the eub tect of slavery, and never lletened to one an hour. I lave always fslt that it was a dangerous subject for this country to agitate, and therefore it has been with me forbidden fruit. Hire the speaker was Interrupted for eomo moments by the srrival upon the ground.of the " Americans" of the Sixth ward, with Mnnera, music, transparencies and so forth. The devices and mottoes on these banners and transparencies sxbibttsd more originality and drollery then were manifested on those previously described, (tae banner bote n likeners of Washington, another that of a red vested, highly colored individual, who bore the cognomen of " Sum," and another a lull length portrait of the historic Yankee, with the broad-brimmed white hat, long coat, striped pants, and tremendous watoh ribbon; while accompanying these was an allegorical re presentation of Columbia,pointing to the stars above her head and exclaiming:? These are my Jewels. Then there waa still another portrait of a genuine Yankee, with pants six inchss too short for him, and holding bv the throat with triumphant gesture, a roos hai ter in enehand and a racoon In the other: and another, wherein the same representative of Yankeedom appear ed, driving a car of liberty at a moat tremendous pace, with the motto: Esm is bound to held the reiae. These caricatures caused great fun. The Seventh ward had a barrel-shaped transparency, with the mottoes Keep it going, And Pabljceducatloa the only safeguard of republican llborty. iS fl*,*?** ward born a transparency exhibiting the doleful history of "the throe wise men who wont to lea in a bowl." When order wae restored, Governor Bnowx continued bia speech. I was onbmlttlD|, he said, a few remarks on the subject of slavery, not for the purpose of arn ins >t elaborately, but merely to pay my reapecte to it J "J tbat In the present state of the public mind it bee become a subject of mere agitation, and I would to God that this agitation could be buried eo deep that the hand of resurrection could nerer roach It. (Cries of "Good, good ") I with to appeal to the people now aeaembied, and aak them, are you in favor 01 keeping up or aiding in thia everlasting agitation or not ? ("iso, no.") There are, I know, in the extreme portions of this Union some who live by agitation, and who make it the eole oieed of their peiitict. But I want to know what will Pennsylvania^ gain by throwing int? ?n agitation like that, and about ? m M to whothor the MUmouri com pro Sf. be restored. 8irs tt we were to beginthatwork to-day. it would take Ave years to ac complied it In the present condition of the 8euaU, a measure for tt at purpose would be rejected. And what would you gain, even If you oould restore that lime Nothing. Kansas and Nebraska will be free States ac cording to the laws of nature. (Faint cheers.) Bu they say that when those Territories knock for admis sion into the Union, they will refuse to admit them if they have a clause in their constitution showier slavery. Suppose those people in Kansas-those brave and hardy pioneers of the Weet?should choose to put such a clause into thoir constitu tion, and, under those eiroumatancea. should corns up " clad In the weeds of the wilderness," and knock at the door of Congress and ask to be admitted into the Union, declaring that they could not live alone and confront the savages and the beasts of the forest; would It not be a most unkind response to say to them, "Go beck to the forest and the wilderness; go back among ths savages; ws never can receive you while you have such I"J?" constitution^'? The constitution of the United States only require? that a State shall have s republican form of government. Has Tennessee a re publican fcrm of government ? Who will deny it ? And S cUn** in her constitution. But that has nothing to do with the question. All Con gress has to do Is to see that the State applying for ad mission has a republican form of government, and If tt has, then Congress is hound to admit it. Vet thess gentlemen asy that no more Slave States shall be ad mitted. What do they mean by it? They mean to keep op this agitation for political capital They mean to humbug and bsmboozle the people of the North, and ex cite their prejudices against the people of the South. Every step they travel tends le albniate the aifections of one taction of the country from the other. What are the consequences of such conduct? Ir these men are honest, I bays nothing to say against them; I respect an honest opinion on any (abject. But if their Inten tion is to build a platform on which they oen ride into office, thsy deserve the anathemas of the whole Union. A man who will do that reoklessly and regardless of consequences, deserves to be engulplicd in a lake of Are. "h?? *?im.") Yes, sirs, the man who will reck eeely 1 eep up an agitation for ths purpose of poli tical promotion, at the expense of the peace and har mony of his country, deserve* the cure** of all time. (Cbeera.) Snch a man ought to have no friends. Such a man deserves all the curie, of the book of Job. (Tanghter and criee of " hit him again.") And for inch a man I would imprecate, without profanity, that P* * ? ? **aB,c?,oT ?otI m*Jr pureue him ever. And the ?idling worm desert him never. ( Cheers ) Snch msn, with false hearts and ambitions tempera, lusting attar office, regardless of your right#, and of any rights, of your a (Tactions and of mine, would null down our very temple of worthip. Ye., they would scatter the priesthood that preside over it; they would destroy its altar and extinguish the lights biasing upon ea *?? 0f n,t<JMne#a> 10 E??tlfy their lust after office, they have seized upon this oombustlblaquestion of slavery?one that addresses iteelr to the sensibilities of every good man in tee country; and thia movement has in confemp'ation tha stoppage of that agitation. W# do not eail upon you, Pennsylvanlans, to renounce yonr opinions, but only to avow, as honest men. that jou love the Union of these States more than yon love a mere miserable and contemptible agitation npen an ab stract question. (Cheers.) I am saying this merely a* a matter of explanation. I* trsnepareney on the platform, belonging to the Ninth Ward Council, took Are at thia point, and was the caeae of considerable excitement, but the flames were immediately extinguished ] Nsvsr mind, gentlsmen, (continued the speaker, when silence was restored)! Bern's banner may be scorched, bnt it canaot be con sumed. (Cheers.) I appeal to yon, as an American citizen, and not as a Tennessee an?as one who lovee this I nfon more than he loves his own dsar State?as ona who would give up his beloved birth place to ensure the harmony of this distracted nation. I appeal to vou people of this proud old State, to give a Arm an<i iisquallAed rebuke to the agitators on thia quae tlon of slavery. Your representative* in ths Council have thought it wise to proclaim this opposition to agi tation as one of our principles, and embody it in our platform. What good will It do you to reject It? Will It lighten your labors or make you richer or happier? Oh, no. You are appealed to bv every consid.ratioa of pa' V1! of PV1' ?d b7 the proud hopes of the future, by yonr local and national interacts, by your love of your brethren and your hatred oi mm agitato., to com. np_ 75, C0J Up,.?n?! Old PesDeylvaala, ye veterans of ths past, come up squat ran after squadron and rout tbee* demarocues tfbe#r*)JLib*n ?hW?n?^?2rtT Others are to follow me. Thefclreumstaaees for speaking are nnpropltious. [The rain was at this Urn. coming down htavt.y and steadUy ] What shall I say of you when I go tn my home In Tennessee?that SUte whish has always avoided agitation, and which stood bv the Union In the dy. of Jackson anlof Clay, heedteg the wis* oounsel or the former, who aald: " The federal Union-it must be preserved.'" (Cheers.) VteTt tlffi shall1 carry? (Several voioes?J'We are O. K.") Shift UP&LJn* tUt yo? will be Arm and true? (Sfcoute of "Yes ye*") We would like to stand by the eld# ofPeansylvanla. W. are a atone la that proud ?iroh '? tbf b*T- Yon M'sese within your limits Independence Ball, with all te painUaaa and relic*; these appeal to you with tremendnus eloquence to come up and redeem the faith which was alighted in that bell. But If this agitation is to ooutiaua and to fi eld* us. I have on* condition to make, and upon which I must insist. We of tb* South have a put la the in hetiiance *f the ancient glory of the repablic-la Its battle fields and in thore edifice which have been hal lowed by the groat deeds performed la them by our fa there, end If we seperste 1b* people of Pennsylvania must tive us half of old Independence Hall (A voice?"not a rick of it ?* end laughter.) Ws ehall went its stones sad bricks to build sa altar oa which to burn incense that shall ascend te the God of all natnr* and of all gned, Invoking hi* blessing upon anr detracted country. (I suRhter, and faint sheer* ) Will you JImoIv* the Union oa such a condition as tost * (Crieeaf "No, no ") | You want to bar* tbe whole edifloef (' Yn, ???-") y*rj wall. Uiin you bare jot to keep us along with you 1 nuit bar# a part of thaaa thugs, or wo nut live tofptbor, and In ordor to lira together, wo must bo peace fnl av<! respectful to each other and maintain the Coneti tut low " at all bmzavda, and to tbe list extremity " Wu of the nonth k.eew your ebaraeter, Pennsylvania's V/>.< k... -??-? - ? ? i_ ?? ?? ' - You bora stood ae* irmly by thia Union in times paat ae we bare. Your history will boar Inapoetion and era mi nation We like your compeer. We are in intimate re latione of trade wit* yon We are tribuUry to your it. uivutary ??your merchant* and mam vtecturoro?to your works hope and mechanic*. We sympathise with all yonr Induatrinl punolta. Yon hare two pledge of the peat aa security for tbe future And here let ue row, upon this conse crated spot. aad under t Ve folde of the etara and atripoa, that wo will conquer In ti lis ereat and glorious conflict or Iieriab In tbe effort. (Cb.sera and cries of " Agree!.") f we go into Itjn such e spirit, our adrersanee might ae well try to torn the Mississippi upstream as to check thia current of Ameiioan fueling. American feeling jnet think of it. Tell it to your wiree, tell it to yoit " YYUr WITTS, Mil ?w*f tbearte?(laughter)?teil it to your noble young guard, who, wben wo lire way ef all earth, are to take our place* ai boys-that passed thi their country', ca'u'si" Pitch" ln^tCa"'migh*y cur?"t Bathe vonrselve* in Us pure wniere. Troelatm every where from your childhood np tout yew are au Ameri cl?~? native American, that yen ewe allegiance t> your const rv; that jpu intend to etanci by its Sag, an i " th*" br AmortZJ! Ei Governor Brown then retired, and Mr. Rayner was loudly called (or. Mr. Gio. Q. War came forward and announced that Mr. Rsynar had not yet arrived, but wwa ex pa-.ted to be present in the oonrae of the evening. He then read the following preamt ke and resolutions, wttich were nnxni mooely adopted W litres., Tbe American convention, whfoh assembled in tbis rity. baa agreed upon a platform which la oomprnben tive and patriotio, and .noli a* mnet, from the ourity and repnbliean obartcter of it. doetrine., oommsnd it.elt to all lover* of onr common eonntry; and, whoreaa, it i. proper tbat tbe piinoiflsi ?o diotlnotly annoneotd should reoeive tbe endorsement o' tbe Amcrlean oitixena who bavo to night assembled in man meeting, ineemueh a. tbey recognise tbe sovereignty of the Territories, and a determination to ine tain the unien of tbe State, and onr glorion. constitution and ill its compromises; therefore Reeolved, That we heartily approve of the platform made by tbe delegate! to tbo Amertoan National Convention ; tbat wo will give its principle* a cordial and nnanimon. .up Krt beoauos the doctrine, tbey assert *r* repnbtloan in sir ebaraeter, and in aocordanoe with tbo spirit ?(the Con .titution of the United tttaloe. Heooived, Tbat in tbo judgment of this mooting the na turalisation law* of th* United States should be repeated, or else so modified and altered as to require of all foreigner* a reridence of at least twenty-one years beiore they are per mitted te exeroise the eloctive franchise ; but we distinetly declsre tbat it it not onr desire to interfere with the vested rifchto of any citiien, or throw any obitruction in the way of foreigner* who desire te obtain a livelihood *r acquire pro perty in this country. Received, Tbat we hold that all tbe offices under the federal and State governments shoud be filled only by native bora citizens, and tbat none other ongbt to be per mitted to legislate or in anr way participate la administer ing or executing American law* Resolved, That w* are oppossd to a union of Chnrob and State, and in favor of the largest liberty ot opinion upon all religions topics, and that we will forever maintain in violate Ahe doctrine tbat all mea have a natural aad in alienable right to worihlp their Creator acoording to the dictate* of their own ooniolenoee, without having any to molest (hem or make them afraid. Reeolved, That we ere in favor of tho National Union, and, in the ltngnage el the iUn.trione Washington, cherish a "cordial and immovable attachment to it," ant In obedience to hie farewell admonition, will "indig xantly frown upon the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion of onr country from the rest, or to enfeebl* tho saorcd ties whioh now bind together the various parte." Resolved, That we ar* ardently attaobed to the consti tution tf the United Statee, and reoognlxe end regard it a* tbe [ruprene law?tbat w* will ipteierve It at all ha tardi aad under all oireumetanoei, believing that lte un equivocal mandates ought to be obeyed In that spirit of boaosty and linearity so oooentlal to its effective notion at the guardian ot tba righto of eaoh individual oitisen at woll as of tbo oovereign State# ocmpoainx tho Amorioan Union. Mr. S. V. P. Msixort, of New York, wag then intro duced, and rtoeived with applause He said: Friends and fellow Americans, before proooeding to address you in regard to the resolutions that have been rand in yonr hearing, I wish to ask yon a question. I ask it for in formation, and I believe that eaoh of you can giro an anawer to it. 1 have been often present ca occasions similar to this, but never before in my life have I wit nessed auefa a scene as I now behold, and th* question I wish to put to you Is simply this?is this "Sam!"' (Tremendous about* of "yes, yes '') A Voici?"No, it am Jim." Mr. Msixort?If It is, hs is certainly a vary nu merous body, (laughter), and for one so young, he rccms to be a vary intelligent bor. I see, gentlemen, tbat yon have the true spirit of Ame'ioans in your hearts; I know it la unpleasant both for speakers sad bearers to be standing hare in this drenching rain, but, for one, American as I am, I decidedly prater thia rain to the reign of Romin Catholicism in thle country. (Cheers ) I, as an American citizen, prefer tUU rain or any other rain in thie country to the reign of foregnimn. (Renewed cheers ) I go for America first, last and always; I go for America first and "Sam" next. (Cheers and laughter.) I have bean going for a year and a half past for Sam first, last aid always; and 1 ask him now, as he has throttled both .the old parties, and has them in his clntcbss, to stand baek and let America speak for a time. (Cheers.) 1 do not know that I ought to speak of whiar gery or demccracy now, for I have been tanght that it la not right to speak unkindly of the departed. We should tread Tightly at all times on the ashes of the dead. Now if tit re is anything in the idea you have presented on your banners (pointing to one of the transparencies of the Sixth ward described above) and. this young and Iving genius his really throtled the old parties, I tell you tbey are "goners." (Laughter.) This Seas is s powerful boy, and he seems to have got one of them in one hand and the other in tbe other. I see j on represent the old parties by the emblems by which tbey were known some fifty years ago. I see tbat he bee one of them there in the form of an animal. I recollect seeing, about 1840, a coon. Sam baa got him by the nape of tbe neck, and he is in his dying egontea. In the city of Philadelphia, I know he dnpi.-ted this life 'org time ago, but in some parte of the country he has been etruggl ng on, with a sickly existence-half li'A katrSulk. k.l " ?? he has been on, with a sickly existence-baff li'e. half death; but now it seems to me he is s "goner," for fern bss got him br the neck. A Voict?We buried him long ego. Mr. M ? Yes, he was butted hare, and no. ws are going to bury him, not only in I'biladel phis and in Pennsylvania, bat la New York ant. :s every other State in tbe Union. I see he bae another animal in his gripe. Thia two lagged animal (the cock) which looks as though it were in a very'uncomfortable position; but collect about fifteen yrars ago hearing of him crowing in Indiana, and how Chapman used to crow for him when be could not crow himself?(laughter)?and I tell you, if I understand the nature of this kind,of animal, "Sam" has got him foul? (fowl). Now, brothers, and friends, an! Americana, I Lavs a word or two to say to you on a subject with wbleh you are much mote familiar than 1 am, yet I can not allow the opportunity to pass without mingling my congratulations with yours?mingling the congratula tions of American freeman of tho state of New York with tboie of tbe freemen and Americana of the State of Pennsylvania. It Is something ovsr thirteen years, I believe, since an effort was made in our State, under thfi direction end control of Archbishop Ilughet, to banish ths Bible from the common schools or the country. Ibat same effort vsi mads at ths same time in the State of Pennsylvania, and especially in tbe city of Philadel phia. I remember tbere waa then found in your midst, aa there wee in ours, a man, high In official place, who was willing to trncbls to tbat demand of ths Papal Power in free America. I blush as I say it before you. But la tbe State of New York there were Americans enough, and American spirit enough to frown down any effort of that kind which could be made by th* Executive of our State. Yen wbo remember anything of tbe history of this mat ter bnow full well that an effort was made there, to take from tbe Common School Fund a portion of it and devote it to the education of Roman Catholioe?to plaae It, not in tbe bends of the common school teaebers, but to devote a great part of it to the Roman Catholic priests, or in the language of Governor Seward, "to allow them to teach their own children in their own way and in tksir own language." (A voloe?"They did not got it, though.") They did net get it, and never will get Tt In New York. The plan was to take from this cr.mmoa fund?which ought to be rejardsd as sacred, devoted to the education of the youth of our land in the Fuglith laaguege and in the common school* of our State, where sectarianism is never allowed to be taught, eltber by Protestant or Papist- It was proposed, I say, to take of this sacred fund, thus consecrated to the cause of education, end give It iato the hands of the Reman Catholic priests. (Th* rain was now descending In very torrents, and the speaker received whispered in etructicna to cut it short, but he oontinned notwith standing.) Tbat effort failed in our State. It failed here, too; but I regret tbat tbe triumph was not so saay with yon, for I remember that blood?aad American blood?was shed in your streets. I remember that so domineering wer* the Roman Oatbolics, that peaoeabls ae.emblagee of American citizens?of Protestants?for tb* purpose of discussing this great rltal question be fore the people?for the purpose ef comparing opinions with teen other in regard to tt?wars assailed hers by ragamuffins from Europe?by foreign CatheHes. I re sret aa much as yon or any other citizen can regret, the ronsequeneea which reenlted from thia collision between fueignere and native born eitizene of this State. But iii-iory has recordsd, it has gone forth to ths world, tbat no assemblage of American citl sens?properly imsrloaas?was aver responsible for any mob that ever was created in these United States. They have been attributable to tbe domineering spirit which ha* been transported with tho ignorant and degraded serfs of th* Roman Catholic church, who have come bsis from abroad. Had It not boon for the power of party discipline?had it not been for the influence exerted by demagogues in onr State, and in the various States of tho Union, the question would have been long ego qniotly settled Tbe voioe or tbe people spoken through th* ballot box would have settled it long ago. In onr State and yonre. aad In many States of this Union, thsr* have beta found those wbo wer* willing for the sake of ob talelng plaoe and power to pander to that spirit, to foi t?r it la onr midst; aad now ws have been latterly driven In ??lf defence, In the protection of onr tights ae Ameri can citizens, to organize here aa Amerleans under the banner of oar country. Bare the apeaker wu Interrupted by tho arrival of tba Eighteenth ward, aaetd tha uanal demonatra ions of Areworka, &c. They bora a banner on which wai in eciibed? Tha perpetuation of American freedom oar object? American righte oar motto. Mr. Malloby manning?in re*pact to theeeoil par tie* who bare bean Intra mental in creating all thie ex citcnM>at in tba eonntry?beeanae I Inland that they iball abase all tba reaponathllity which attache* to thu a lata of fltiaga?I (tare Utile (a it/. Thcaa old paz '.10* ?re dead, it in our din*T now to so* thot the- have * decent and Chr ??ian W urtol ftlaot ) I an willing, if thej prefer it, it the/ en to hare each etrong attach meet in that direction, (n',#t Archbuhop Hug bee ihall pienide on that ntereetiog occasion (A voice?"And preach tbeir funeral eermo *? ") tilre them a rough box and a winding eheet, di( for them a deep grave, to th bottom of which no meg. Qif;iny teleec <p? would reach, and then hieg lev them U'? noag, which aa j* Battle hie tenor, Over the etoaee? W DOW BUH.H1T VW??. Fallow citizens- 1 diuI not detain ycu. J regret that I cannot bo heard by toons who show an onxtety to I cannot be heard by t turns wbo show an m oij iv bear what I aay. (These pen>u? had goi?e off long ago, Id ecneequeneeof the rain ) Hut, under the circum stances of the ca?e, with thia drenching raui, / Jua->w it would bo dcutg you lOjtutice, aad that 1 should not be doing myself j unties, if I attempted to prolong th tse re mark*. But one thing I incut ?ay In regard to th.' r*?o latlona read la your hearing thia evening, aad it la, that I Boat heartily appro re of tbrm. and eadorae the. n ia every line, and syllable, and letter. WiH yon not do it" (Crtea of "We will.") Will you aot carry owt tha apt ?t of there reaolnttoea, inyouraeti-.a here, whan yon eon.* to the poll? (Criee of "We will ") What are theeo reso lution*.< What in the eptrit of the whole of iheae It U all concentrated in thia familiar expression wbieb you oil know?that "Americana unit ru e America." (Ap plause ) That quextion will be deekled, fellow Aaaeri cene, and H ia for you to nay whether you will decide It peacefully now, or whether you will decide It by tha cMngor of mrni on the battle field, when thia monster of Koman Cathollcieci abnll have attempted to ride rough shod ever the liberties of tbe country. [Here an old maggoty beef tongue wan thrown up to the apeaker, from noma person in the audience, with the explanation that that waa Wiae'e louay tongue ] Mr. Mailobt?It is decidedly n long tongue, bnt to me it doe# not look like a very wife tongue; and aa Wine hae drawn In hie tonyue ao fhoistirg the unclean tbing oror) I will draw thia la. Fellow eituana. I aael not elaborate upon that whith I hare eubmitted to you. Much hae beeneald. Yon hare eeen already much dlacoaeioa in the jeurnala of the oountry in re*pect to the platform adopted by tbe great American party of theae United Statee. That platform, aa I bare tall, and tbe reeolu tione whloh I hare heard read. I endorse to the fulleet extent. I can say hern with my brother and friend from Tenneseee (Governor Biown) that I am no apologist of tlarrry. I was not nurtured in a school whose tendencies would be to make me have a very favorable idea of that inatitwtion, and of the relatione of muter aad slave aa It axlata in fifteen of the 8t?tee of the Unioo. Bat that ia not the qurstion now before ua. there la not an in tnlligrnt man now before me who will pretend that we bare any control over slavery ia the Statea of thia Union. It la a loeal institution?one for which the States where It exists are alone responsible. Tills talk about slavery! What object is there in agitating the subject of elavery here? (Voices?"Nene.") I refer to the - " * '? ? ** .. wall ?? HUPJCCV OI Blawij ux-im ^ > w>vww , bistoiyof the past?tbe friend of tbe slave as well as the friend of the free American?to show, that thia agitation hae resulted in nothing hut wrong, wrong con tinually, to the master and to tbe slave. The situation of tbe slave is worse now than It was when the agita - tion con. me need twenty or twenty-five years ago. Bat, fellow Americans, If I were a resident of the State of Maryland or of the 8tate of Virginia, or of the State of Tennessee, I might appeal to ray fellow citizens, and use arguments in their hearing which might Induce them to act in regard to this matter, they harlng the power and tbe right to do so. But would it not be waste of words for me to stand before them, Northern as I am, and deliver a speech for the purpose of persuading them that it la their duty and their Interest to liberate their slaves? Whatjwould all that avail? You are I'enaeylva nlans. Many of you reside In the city of Philadelphia. I reside In the city of New York. We have a common interest In onr brethren of the Sonth; and is it the part of wise men to get up quarrels in our own family to dis turb the peace and harmony of this Union, and try to disrupt tbe ties of this confederacy, whereby If we triumphed that triumph would be an inglorious one? Then are many things I would like to say to you on this occasion, but 1 must leave you; and 1 have this consola tion in catting shirt my remarks without concluding one-half that I intended to have said?namely, that tbe piopleof America are awake to this subject, and that they are looting to matters which concern them very much, and over which they have control?after matters which come home to themselvea and thslr firesides, round which tbey see the serpents entwining themselves. (A voice, "They cannot.") They see their prisons, their penitentiariee, their almshouses filled with foreigners and Roman Catholics, whioh your money and my money sustains. These are sent here, criminals and paupers as they are, because they are not worthy of a place under the monarchies of tbe Old World. I now leave thin mat ter with you. It in not neoessary for me to ask yon to come to the rescue, became when I look around and see tbie host of Americin citizens?I cannot count or num ber them only by acres, and 1 suppose there are sixteen or seventeen acres here to night. (Applause.) You are coming, fellow Americans, with a tremendous power and force: yon sue coming? As the winds eom* when toreats are tended, You ere come nn the waves oeme when navies are (trended. And I tell you you wiil hear tbelr voices when they have the privilege of apeaktng at the ballot box?a voica which cornea down Aa (now flakei on tbn sod, WMoh exocutea the freeman's will, As lightning does ths will of Uod. Mr. Bolluio, of Va., was next Intro luoed, and In despite of the torrents of rain, whl ih thinned the assem blage and blurred the reporter's notes, said. My Brethren?Speaking on tbls occasion is well nigh vain. It is the first time In my life that I have fulfilled an invitation to speak to my brethren in another State. I have heard a great deal of Pennsylvania. I see her to-n'ght, and I say to you that one-half was never told me. I do not come here, my brethren, to praise one section of my country ana to blame another. I J5?"1* here to suggest a thought, If I can, that may fall 'ike seed by toe wayside, and grew in days to ????? 1' come here to tell ycu to think who you sua. come uti? w hwu /va- w~ ?? ? * . ' jcu art, and wbat you are; and in order wnern ycu me. >uu , to understand tbis, you must csrnt your eyes back over many centuries, when men were staggaring under eppreasion and despotism and ecclesiastical domi nation. There was then no ray of light, no hope from heaven, bnt all men were crushed and down-trodden, the slaves of kings and popes and potentates [A voloe ?"That's to," and cheers ] Why. my brethren, there never was one solitary ray of liberty from God's heaven tbat fell on man until it fell from the front door of the building r*ght hack of me. (Hip. hip, hip, hurrah !j Your fathers and my father, on the fourth aay of July, 1776, caught an Inspiration from God. and said that men ahould then be free. (Cheers ) I under stand that that Declaration of Independence was read from the very spot where I now stand. I feel that 1 should put eft my shoes tor I am on holy ground. (Cheers.) We, the children of those men, come here to night rejoicing in that glorious liberty, to bless their memorise. Their wisdom and patriotism wrn it for us, and shall we be so unwise and unpatriotic as to lose It? Sevinty-eight or a hundred years hence Bhall some atreggiring pilgrim from Victoria's despotism corns hsre to mourn amid tbe ruins of the city or libertv, and to curse us for onr folly and madness r No, it cannot, it will not, by God, it shall not be. (Tremendous chering ) No, In after years, when we are sleeping under ftbe clod of tbe valley, your de scendants and mine eball comeup here as toe Turk goes to Mecca, cr as tbe Mehometan goes to the city of his Prophet? tbey shall come here to your beautiful city, " " * ?* ?uv Kaurti ftnfi Prophet?tbey shall come here to yonr beautiful city, still growing and Increasing, with freemen's hearts and fret men's hands, to love, protect and save it, and they sball thank us for wbat we are doing now. (Cheers ) What are we doing ? I have told you where we are, and who we are. We are In the cradle of llberiy, and we ere the children of toe men who achieved that liberty. Now, what are we? (Criee of "Sam" and laughter.) Are wo bigots or persecutors? Are we trai tors? No, but we want to prevent the sly despots of toe C Id World, both civil and religious, from oonquering us without arms In our hands, after we have whipped them with arms ia their hands. (Cheers and confusion) Mr brethren, to speak here Is ell in vale. (The rata was pouring down In torrents, and there were loud cries of "Adjourn-") I et no demagogues persuade you to do anything that would injure toe stability of our country or weaken tbe bonds of our Union?toe only hope of Liberty. TrJ them, as Jesus Christ told tbe devil on toe mountain, "Get then behind me, Satan." (Cheers.) Support no man?vote for no man for office who is aot of pure heart and Chan hands. I know toe silk storting, kid gloved gentry went to rule every body; hut who was it grasp td the lightning In the heavens, and taught it to be your messenger?who. but a practical operative printer? Ibey say we are the mob party, and that we are people without leader*. I tell you that In tbe vast assemblage I see before me, there are hearts brave enough, aad minds large enough, to rule this oountry. (The rain wae new coming down harder than ever, and the ccnfu rion was consequently very great; it was almost Impos sible for th* reporters to take notes. There were loud calls for an adjournment, and the crowd began to dis peree rapidly.) It Is impossible, said Mr. B , for me to make a long speech under these circumstances; (Cries of "Go ahead," and " Adjourn ") Let us all remember that whether we hall from Pennsylvania or Virginia, or Connecticut or Georgia, when we tread upon foreign soli, it Is the stsrs and stripe* tbat give us Importance and ctgnity and honor. As the rain continued to pour down with unabated vigor, It was suggested by the Chairman that tha meet ing sboold adjourn to toe Market Bouse, aod a notion having been made to tbat affect, It was carried by as rtamation, and the vast crowd moved rapidly out of independence square. On reaching tbe Market Hall a few minutes after wards, we found the meeting already reorganized. The number present was verv email, however, compared with the gathering on Independence square Speeches were delivered frcm five or six different stands, aad the proceedings did not terminate till a very late hour. PROCEEDINGS AT THE OTHER STANDS. 1 The Hob. Iawi* C. Lbtib, presided at th? central p'atfexm. Xbe flnt speaker at thla portion of tha moat tog waa Gtntral fa. S. Pilchxr, of Kentucky, who waa enthusiastically raceired. Ha delivered quite a long ad dress, but tba uproar cauaod by tha arrival of tha Councila from tba different wards, with thair bands of music, readarad what ha said almost inaudible. He gave a brief hls'ory of the proeaadiaga of thcOonreu ticn icletlre to tha adoption of the platform ?declaring tbat whan that platform waa adopted, there ware tab gates present from every state and dis triot in tha Union. Ha claimed that American* should rule America, and was quite willing to aoccrd the same right to tba people of other conn tries. Tba french may govern France, the Hatch Hol laed, tha Irish Ireland aed England toe. if the; can, bnt Americans must and shall rule Amcrioa. (Tramett. dona applause ) Tbl- waa all be atkal. bat ha ?mM be aatisfied with nothing l"?a. (Chter* again.) Mr ear*. SroKnt of Tennraa?e, I.ittijlohk of North Oar* Iiaa, Bout of Minsiasippi. and others, alao addressed tam branch of the me* ting ..which adjourned at taa o'otaoh, with nine rouaing cheer* for uSam." Another meeting, composed mainly of small boya, waa organised at the aoutbern extremity of th* square, aw which W. C. Bridge* R?<| , preaided. and speech** war* made by Ifeeara. Wilmer of Maryland, Stewart of Ala bama, befall of Texaa, Bolder of Virginia, land othara; but aa two oratora bald fortliYromJthi* stand at tha aam* time, it waa quit* lmpor.uble to make any reoerd of their eloquaaee. ARRIVAL OF THE CAHAWV1. Two Days Later from Harana-lntariMlag Cnban Correapondencc?The Latest Cam mervlal Intelligence. The steamship Cthawba. Captain R. W. Shaft!it, from New Orleans June 7 and Havana 18, arrived yesterday morning. Her dates from the latter place are tw* days later than reoeived by tba steamer Isabel at Charl?taa. The Chhawba has nothing of a political nature fresa Havana t* report. The sugar market waa aattve at high rakaa. hah tr rights falling There were no America" or foreiga ui? w of war In the harbor. Tit# health of Naw Orieaaa and Havana continue* re mark ably good far the ceaaea of the year. The C. had a very pleasant passage, and bring* IAS pasaen gers. Our thanka are due the purser for Alee of Havana paper# and ether favota. ?OB HAVANA OOBBMPONDBNCl. Havaxa, June 10, IBM. Effect t of ,'Jktf Siege Hailing J'roclamatum?Our War Vetui* an J Treaty 3tipulatumt?TKe Late Natimmi Inwlit?Cub*'! J'att unW FWwrv? WTuU the V. ti. Government Want*. 1 perceive by the Hkrald of the 2d instant that your attentive correspondent "0.," under date of May 22, had advised you of the fact that "we are quiet by proclemn tion, and are going to work to pay. up fee the Indulgence of a state of war enjoyed without peisoeal danger or the show of an enemy." This Is a greatly to be Mnl state ot affairs, and we certainly have great cause of re joicing that the supreme authority has officially pee claimed "that the etsto of siege is raised la all the ter ritory of the Island of Cuba, its Inlets and adjacent quays, as also the blockade of Its ooast and shore waters, deeTeed in my (his) proclamation of the 12th of February of this year." That proclamation raised the very devil on the Mead and elsewhere. It prostrated business?it destroyed eh confidence-it prostrated ell energy, and prodneed an abundance of alarm. Elsewhere it raised a devil ti h dander. It made Jonathan mad, beonuse it implied am Intension to March veasela legally ''sailing" on the high seaa on any of the coasts ef Cuba. In fact, It was done? firat, by cracking away at the steamer El Dorado, end next at the brig Hlchborn. Both of these acts were . flagrant ontrnges against the United States, and positive violations of treaty stipulations.' As many of our people, and particularly some navy offlcera, hold the doctrine that a vssael of war kM thin right, I will here give an extract from the treaty, which is before me, vii: "Article 18th, Treaty of 179B? If the ships of the said subjejta, people, or ieb*bitantn, of sitter of the parties, shall be met with, either sathag along the eoMts or en the high sees, by any ship of wmr of the other, or by eny privateer, the said ship or wnr or privateer for the avoiding of any disorder, sha ll re main out'of. cannon shot, and may sendtheir beats aboard the merobant ship which they shall so meet with, and may enter her the number of two or three men only, to whom the master or oommander ef each ship or vessel shall sxhibit his passports, conoereieg the property of the ship, made out according to the rosea inserted in this present treaty; and the ship, when aha shall have shown such passports, shall be ft**, end ? liberty to pursue her voyage, so as it shaU net be lawful to moieat or give her chase lis any manner, ?t force h?r to quit her intended courae. , _ . From thie extract you perceive the authority er won, by making this proclamation and giving ordere town naval commanders to ooincldo with sucU procleisstie^ has in the two instances mentioned positively vieiaten treaty. I have no doubt it would have continued ha* not the United States government made the little MM demonstration it has, in sending out the 8?n JaoWM, Princeton, Fulton, and Jamestown, with such orders an were givsn to thoir commandsrs. This little flest nee been often laughed et in consequence of Ite maagreneee, but those who laugh should remember that It haa MW I been said that SpJn was a weak government, andI the United States were alwaya pecking at.heron account of Cuba; it was, therefore, I have no doubt, thought adviaa 1 ble to send a small force against such a weak govern men* -bence the few ships that were aent; white Spain and her allies badS at least J1*TU?m some of them very heavy. The ship that fired at the ? Dorado and Hlchborn ought to have been amat oh fas cither; but, really, 1 should Uke to have seen the trial. I really think that the little Fulton would have hammered her up so completely that by the time she wu ?m butting her?as she would have done?you would net have been able to tell whether ahe was a frigate or ? jackass. However, the trial was not made; therefore we will not beast of what would havs been done. But as this part of tho play la over, let ue calmly and rcttectiDgly look at what haa been done, and tea who has been wrong. For my own part, I think ootm governments. have bew most outrageously wrong tM odo Id giving insults and indignities, and tho otbor ill not acting promptly and effectively at the time. If the treaty between the two governments means anything, tt certainly takes away all power for ships of war to Ureal American merchant vessels under any <?cumatanoe?| " either sailing along the coasts or on the high mi, end yet some maintain that this alludes to a state ef war. Admit the feet; does not the treaty say the veodd of war "shall remain out of gun ahot, whilst her boat goes alongside, and her " two or threi mem "board" the merchant vessel? It o?taCnly' e?n?ot ? state of war, becauae, if in war with the United State*, no such treaty could exist. If Spain and the United States are at war with another, the flag designates Urn country, and of courM abe U permitted to pass. Ne, sir; tt wss nothing more nor Use than Spanijmtoiiolenee. oft repeated, as in the eaies of the Crescent City, Ohle, Manchester, Falcon and Lamirtine, with the> othew cited. Notwithstendtom^e weakness of Spain, her week nets should not protedl her from a just and prompa cbastiaement for auoh direct and palp*ble J* treaty bed national discourtesies. The United States has 'become degraded In the citizens, as welf as every intelligent for thus submitting to repeated insults. Had action been taken In teWormer case by a retaliatory course, there would have ten so ispa tftlon. Had IJeut. Watson, who commanded the Fnltem last year, laying in tha harbor at Havana, when the I*, maiune was fired at when there was no siege, takem the advice of Mr. Worrell, the consul at | published In the proceedings of Congress in that^oaaa I -viz : "I would advise that the Fulton go to Oardenaii end ascertain the full particulars, and then erulee arts* the insulter and force an apology or punish his laeo lcnce"?tt would not hevelemi repeated Tne subject of Cuba ia one of deep Interest to UN American people, and that IntoWdt to.tyrtering-JH* position, its governnmnt? the dlfflenlUae whien n*w htretotore exieted-the cbange. In feelings, in teterwrt, in action that it haa prodneed ?n the present and the future, demands a serious ooneidaration by the_ P?e pie of the United States, divested of an wished for tha extension of territory, or value of *^noqulritten. It should be viewed as a national "nhjeet. Mi hereafter aa a nation. Our difficulties havw earieted tew a long tirao, and thorois no doubt that wron^ta onbadm sides- but it is now Involved in such a web, that for ear future protection end future 'p*^te, ^ subject showld betaken up by tbe statesmen and the peopte There ten destiny over Cuba that t*so closely oonnacted wrih^ha intererts of the United Stetestlmt "nde?auattomg action upon it necessary. It shouM te erttlM, or It wm hn mm creat * barrier to tha Gnlf of Maxloo aaowui m Honda as Gibraltar is to tha Mediterranean -ucitam Mi '"ii'otwitbitAnding Clarendon'. <teuiaU or ratlmr srmd catlon, Fngland has her eye on Cuba, ae she had dm Gibraltar. Her <?nrM during ^.?*cl^?2f wAh shows it. By what right did she involve hsreetf wdh the matter, and seed her vassals of war to thta laiamA and carry troops for Spate? Dom not thle speak landed then tho prevarication of an Imprudent statesman, wU hsd committee a blunder tp "f1 by tbe nation but not intended to be uttered? The want of energotie national actlom on tha part.* tbo United States will ultimately vtdve ber fnrsigu . ounections in sueh a labarynth ahe wfll havs[to wade brough stivams of blood to extricate hereelT Hivi.ii, Jane 11, 186*. MoremnUt qf War VtueU?Departure ami Servian at the V. 8. Steamer Fulton?Ofieial Alarm?Bam tha Ladiet Like the McutarhueeUi A'egroee?George Law's Biography in Cuba. 11m fallaie ot the Otuidi to sppeer la oar waters has earned a good deal of eoafailoa with oar i folks, especially those who hare thereto flrstaad i of exchange on hoard of the steamer Isabel?the seeks for New YoTk, lateaded for the delinquent itnaw, having been (orwaided by her. Th* U. 8. steamer Fulton, Mltohell, commander, left for Key West, with correspondence for the Oommota* aad officers of the Onlf squadron, oa the saeralag of the Otb. Before getting to sea, Captain Mitchell relieved the American bark Lean Ranger, from Baltimore, leaded with coals, which had got ashore aear the west eatr?owe of the harbor, aad towed h?r into port to safe eaohoe age. A few honra of detention to the bark la the posi tion she lay would hare beea fatal to bar. especle'Jy if a slight norther had sprung up. The difleolty at th'w place is owing to the in finite sharp points of eorai foe ? ?nation that project from the eacoadary rooF., to th.. ?f a tc??1 touches It Is a latest impossible to restore hog.

Other pages from this issue: