Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 11, 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 11, 1839 Page 1
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NOT THE G L O It Y OF CTiSAn HUT THE WE L J' A HE O F H OMR. BY II. B. STACY. FRIDAY iTAPf UARY 11, 1S39. VOIii XII No. 603 From tlic Dutchess Observer. CHRISTMAS HYMN. From yonder beauteous realms of light; Concealed fiom mortal vlerf A numerous it it in of cherubs bright To Uelldcm's valley flew, D.ik was the niglit i in silenci drear The woild was hush'd round : Our cnrlh-born race, dovnid of caie, Lay wrapt in sleep profound; All tin t n few industrious swuim Thai guaided nii'hl and day, Their (locks in safely on ihe plains Fiom savage beasts of prey. When lo 1 a brighter morn ilian e'er Had blnsh'd o'er Heihlcin's sky, Stop midnight in lie blark career, M:iJo tullcn daikucEs fly. Around and round an airy throng Of angels fair appeared ; Balanced on golden clouds they hung ; The Shepheidssaw and feared. When soft descending from the Eky, In inoining blushes clad, The niijcl ol the Lord dicw nigh, Willi speech and visage glad; "Fear not swift messengers from GOD, We come to hani.-h fear For in our hand no vengeful rod Of wrath divine we bear. But calls of nicicy, tidings bless, Fiom Mercy's climes wc bring, Rise, Shepherd, to you village hasie, Salute your infanl King. In Bcihlcm's town, a peaceful place; On his auspicious morn, Of Dat id's long foigolU'ii race, Yourjavior CIIKIST is born. You'll find him in a manger mean, In swaddling bands arrayed: Content to fill a lowly scene, Till mans just debt be paid. No kingly litcs adorn his birth, Though born o'er kings to rule; For ihce, O man. he visits earth, And treads uQlictiou's school." Thus Gabriel spoke -il.o nnfelic crowd On golden harps high strung; As ocean's solemn murmurs loud, This new Ilosamia sung; "All glory be lo God on high, To all the earth be peace; Good will to man, proclaim it high, And henceforth never ceae." CHRISTMAS. This tloy is celebrated by a large portion ofihu Christian World, as a Festival of tlio most joyful description; and that the birth day of the SAVIOUIt of Men, should be considered worthy of pratso and thanks giving to all those who believe in Ii is Divine and Holy Mission, cannot be thought ctrango cr extrantdnmry. The birth the, tie iiih'iuite ble-.-ni''s that led wO ii s incarnation In- In bore . Ins MiiTering bnd hk deulh, will be the subjects of praisi! Gild thanksgiving, through the endless ages of Eternity. When the human mind is led, solemnly to reflect on this wnnderlul Eubjecl, it is filled with astonishment. So great and glorious is the work of Redemp tion, that, in the contemplation of it, the " Stars sang together, and the Sons of God shouted for joy." In its progress, 6uch was its astonishing importance its profound mystery that even the Angels desired to look into it. No person, who is at all acquainted with the affairs of the World, can fail to be deeply impreescd with the importance of the Saviour's advent. What extraordinary effects have followed it 1 Prior to that period, the whole World was buried in heathen superstition, dark ness, and gross ignorance, the Jewish Church, even had sunk to such a degree, us to possess little more than a name. The introduction of Christianity has pro. duced consequences that liavo amazed the Eurrounding world. Principalities and kingdoms have been converted to new modes of faith and morals. Kings, heroes and scholars, with alltho power of military and civil strength, have been unable to withstand the force of the doctrines preach cd by a few despised, and unlettered Fish ermcn and Peasants. Tlio Glory of Na t'.ons, the Pride of Men, and the Pcrsccu (ions, by rack and fire, have all been triumphed ovor by the mild and peaceful doctrines of tlio Gospel. What a chang does the habitable Globe present at the present time! Nations which, -at the commencement of the Christian era, were involved in all the horrors of Pagan idolatry nro now, and for ages have been, refined and polished, tho patrons of tlio arts, com morcc, and social happiness : the suppor tcrs of morals and Religion: the followers of EMMANUEL, whose birth placo was Manger. Who can bo surprised that An gels were commisioncd to proclaim the advent of the Heavenly Stranger? Who among tho believers of the Holy Doctrines which he taught, will hesitato to join the eacrcd song, "GLORY TO GOD IN THE HIGHEST, ON EARTH, PEACE AND GOOD WILL TO MAN." How many Ihoio nro among us at this moment, who scarcely think of Christ mas as the birth. day of n Redeemer ; who never remember that there is an especial renson why they should lift up their hearts in thankfulness to God, or open rlidr doors in hospitality to man. As a people, wo are not unmindful of other days of rejoicing. Fnw New Englandcrs would allow a thanksgiving to pass without soma attempt preparation and festivity. Tho Now Year is opened by us with one of tho most sncial and fr on illy customs on earth. It would he deemed nn outrage on patriotism were wo to allow the Fourth of July to pass without observance j and to forget the birth day of Washington would be little less than sacrilege. While wo arc over ready to lavish praise and thanksgiv ing for national blessing, can we, as Christians, refrain from opening the heart to all that is joyful on the anniversary of that event, which burst as a glorious sun light, not over one nation and one people, but alike, over the whole universe; which ent a Holy Being on earth, who was to renovate and purily our whole natures by his example and his doctrine ; who planted the seeds of morality, patience, charity, and all the Christian virtues, and who fer tilized them with his blood, ns a blessing which should remain to us for ever. By flinging off the shackcls of an cstab- lished church, and seeking liberty uf con science in a new land, our pilgrim fathers could in no wise have wished to discourage the commemoration of a day so eacrcd to every Christain heart, as that which gave birth to our Saviour; and how that day could have sunk into neglect which at pres. cnt exists in this country, we arc at' a loss to account. Christ was not the Redeemer of the Catholic or Episcopal church alone, but of all churches and of all people. The influence is shed alike on the throned monarch, the humble husbandman, and the sleeping infant ; it is universal as the air we breathe, sacred as the throne of heaven. from which it emanates. The day which gave it to us should bo celebrated with n joy as universal as Christianity. Here, in the western world, where its influence ii fellas beneficially as on any part of the Globe, it should boa day of more than com mon rejoicing. Our churches, our houses, and our hearts should H be flung open Prayers should ascend from every sacred desk, and anthems should peal up from every altar drdtoutud to the Most High. This ilny should he the jubilee of a universe Every spot when; Christianity has found room lo bud and blossom, should be open to sunshine and happiness. The winds of heaven should bo vocal with thanksgiving, athercd from the missionary and his con verts in the plains of Africa and Asia, in the Atlantic islands, and from tho millions of enlightened beings throughout. Europe and the Amoricas. It is a lofty idea, that millions and millions of human beings, of different nations, governments and creeds can all lift up their voicc,s in harmony, and ivc thanks that this is tho birthday of a Saviour. It would be a glorious change, if, on this day, every hearthstone in lit bo made warm by a Christmas fircj every parent be blessed by the gathering of his children beneath the family roof-trco, and if young and old would collect together in their dwellings and in the temples of worship to give praises and to sing hallelujahs that Saviour was born unto them. We would sec Christmas revived with all the old fashioned warmhearted hospitality of merry England Christmas presents, plumb pud dings, mislctoe and all, nothing could be belter than the custom as it exists beyond the sea. NAPOLEON AND WASHINGTON. From Lord Brougham's Article in the last Edin burgh Iicview. NAPOLEON. Let us now, boiorc wo close tlio view of timoneccntly passed, and .of the great men who llounshod in them amongst our selves, cast our eyes towards the Genius that directed the resources at our enemies unimpaired by our party divisions, and with all the unity o despotism besides. Dunn the most eventful period of tho ago which they flourished, tho destinies of France, and of the Continent, wero wielded by Napoleon Bonaparte; cortainly the most extraordinary porson who has ap peared in mordent" times, and to whom, in some respects, no parallel can be found, if wo search the wholo annals of tho human race. For though the conqucbta of Alex ander wero more extensive, and tho match less character of Cajsar was embellished by more various accomplishments, and the in vaders of Mexico and Peru worked t ho ir nlone, when we icfleel that ho never had to contend, like those conquerors, with adversaries inferior lo himol('in civilization or discipline hut won all his triumphs over posts ns well ordered and regulaily mar shnllcd and amply provided as his own. This celebrated man was sprung from n good family in Corsica, and while yet a boy, fixed the attention and raised tho hones of all his connections. In his early youth his military genius shown forth ; ho soon gained tho summit of his profession ; lie commanded at iwcniy.iivc n uiiiuary operation of a complicated and difficult na ture in Pnris ; immediately after he rapidly led the French armies through a scries or victories lill then unexampled, and to which even now his own alter achievements can alone n fiord any parallel fur tho sudden ness, the vehemence, ami the completeness of the operations. That much of his sue cess was derived from mechanical adher ence of his adversaries to tho formal rule ofoncicnt tactics cannot be doubted ; and our Wellington campaigns would, in the same circumstances, and had he been op posed to similar antagonists, in all likeli hood have been as brilliant and decisive. But he always had to conibnt the soldiers bred in Napoleon's school, while Napoleon, for the most part, was matched against men whose inveterate propensity to follow the rules of an obsolete science, not oven the example of Frederick had been able to subdue ; and who were resolved upon bc iii" a second time (he victims of the same obstinate blindness, which had, in Freder ick's days, made genius triumph over num hers, bv breaking through rules repugnant to common sense. It must however, be confessed, that although this consideration accounts for the achievements of this great warrior, which else had been impossible, nothing is thus detracted from, Ins praise exeffnting that what ho accomplished ccas cs to bo miraculous; for it was Ins glory never to let an error pass unprofiia'jly to himself; nor ever to give his adversary nn advantage which he could not ravish from him. with ample interest before it was turned to anv fatal account. Nor can be denied that, when fortune or war proved dverse. the resources of his mind were only drawn forth in the more ample profu sion. After the battle of Aspcrn he dis nlavcd more skill, as well as constancy ihn'n in all his previous campaigns ; and the struggle which he made in France, du ring the drcadlul coniiiet mat piecccucu his downfall, is by many regarded as the inaster.niccc of his mtlitnrv life. Nor let us forget that the grand orror of Ins whole career, the mighty expedition to Moscow was a political error only. J he vast prep arations for that cainnamn the combina linns by which he rollcctui' and rnaruianct. and niuvril tins prouigious mm vunuu: force like a single corps, or a domestic an imnl nr n lifeless instrument in his hand-- in tho highest degree the great nun iu nr firraniTC HUlll Ullll IUI uuuuii v.n. which ho was endowed; anil his prodigious,,rla In re.inlll t 10 LTOtllld WHICH UIC disasters of that campaign rescued frum hi gra-p were only not successful, because no human power couiu, in a mourn ureuiu army of cavalry, nor n word of command give recruits the discipline of veterans. In the history ol war, u is, aFsurouiy, umj Hannibal who can be compared with linn and certainly, when we reflect upon the I r- l: r. I. . .!"... .1. :, ,'- yet greater uiiiiciiuiea i im umung emu,. nosition tlio tlVJCIl longer imiu uimu ' l . I i. ... T... ..,.,l llw nnnnilfil mini nut which lie iiiuiiiiumuu i"" "'"r1" " still more, when we consider that Ins en otnics havo alone recorded his story, while Nauoleon has been his own annalist ins ticc seems to require that the modem should vield to the ancient commander. But tJniluun's genius was not confined to war : TWfhnnssessed a large capacity nis for civil affairs. lie saw as clearly and as quickly determined on his course, in gov CrnmciH as 111 UlU noiu. ins mum; urn andjiis political reformations, especially his Code of Laws, ore monuments of Ins wis dom ond his vi''or, morn imperishable, as time has already proved, and as himself proudlv foretold, llinn all ins victories. His civil courngo was more brilluinl tlun Ins own. or most other men's valor in the field. How ordinary a bravery it was that blazed forth at Lodi, when he headed waveriiiL' columns across the bridge swept by the field of Austrian artillery, cumpared with the undaunted and sublime courage that carried him from Cannes to Paris with a handful ol mon, and fired his bosom with the desire, and sustained it with the con fidetice, of overthrowing a dynasty, uiiil overwhelming an empire by the teiror his name! Nor were his endowments merely tho of the statesman, and the warrior. It was not liko Ctesar, a cniisummato orulor hu vet knew men so thoroughly, and espe cially Frenchmen, whom he had most near ly studied, that he possesscu inc nicuiiy addressing them in strums uf singular ci queuce, an eloquence peculiar to himso It is not mora certain that ho is the greatest soldier whom Franco ever produced, than it is certain that his place is high amongst her creates! writers, as far ns composition or diction is concerned. Soma of his bul letins nro models for tho purpeso which they wero intended to servo ; his address to the soldiers of his Old Guard at Fun- tainbleau, is a masterpiece of dignified und palhotic composition; Ins speech during the Hundruil days, at the Champ do Mars, beginning, 'General, Consul. Einporcur, je liens tout du Peuplo,' is to bo placed amongst the most perfect pieces of simple and majestic eloquence. These things arc not tho less Iruo fur being seldom or never remarked. But with these great qualities of tho will the highest courugc, tho most easy for mation of his resolutions, the most sleadfust nilhorcuco to his purpose, thu entire ilevo. lion to iiis oblect of nil his energies and with tho euuallv shining faculties of tho win orked the clearest and quickest onnre- hension, the power of intense- unification. tlio capacity of complete abstraction from interrupted ideas, the complete nnd most instuntancoiis circumspection of all difficulties, whether on one side, or even providently seen in prospect, tho intuitive knowledge of men, and power of mind and tongue to mould their will to his purpose with those qualities, which form tho char acter held greatest by vu'gnr mind, the panegyric of Napoleon was close. He icas a conqueror; he ion? t tyrant. To rainy nis aintniion, lo slake Ins thirst of power, to weary a lust of dominion which connucms could satiate : hdtramnleu on ibcrty wjien his hand might have raised hereto .a secure place; and ho wrapt the woildiii fljunes, which the blond of millions alone ctiut'd quench. I3y I huso passions, n mind not originally urikindly, was perverted and de fur m (, till human misery ceased to move ii, rtriu nonesiy, anil trutli and pity, the duties ic owe to God and man, had departed frjnii one thus given up to a single anu a seiii'ii pursuit. Turitas anion vtr. tutes ingentia vitia requabant ; inhumane crudchlas; perfidia plusquam Punica; ni- iiii veri, nnni sancu, nuiius t;enm inetus, nullum jtip'uraiirtuin, nulla religio."f The death of E.ighicn, the cruel sufferinris of ' right, the mysterious cud of Piciiesru, the punishment of Palm, the tortures of oussainta.havc all been dwelt upon as the spots nn Ipj-famc; lyeeauso the fortunes of individualsjircscnting a more definite ob ject to the mind, slnko our imaginations, and rouse our feelings more than wretch dness in larger masses less distinctly per ccivcd. Put lo the eye of calm reflection, the declaration of nn unjustifiable war, .or uiu persisting in it a day longer than is no cessory, prcnlo n more grievous object of contemplation, imp'ies n disposition more pernicious 'o the world, and calls down a reprobation far more severe. WASHINGTON. How grmcful the relief which the friend of mankind, the lover of virtue, experiences when turning from the contemplation of such a character, his eye icsts upon tho rcutcst man ot our own or any o her ace; tho only one upon whom an epithet so thoughllcsoly lavished by men to foster the crimes of their worst cnetnie?;may bo inno cently und justly husioired ! In Wash- ing'on wc ,-uly beheld a marvellous con. trast lo almost every one of the endow ments and the vices, which wc have been contemplating; and which are so well filled to excite a .nmglcd adimralion, and sorrow nd abherc iico. With none of thai bril liant ger.ius which dazzles ordinary minds: it li not oven anv rwinarkable quickness of apprei listen ; with KiunwiPiign loe? than almost alt persons in the middle ranks, and many well educated of tho humbler classes posses; this eminent person is presented to our observation clothed with attributes as nodcsl, as unpretending, as little calcula ted lo strike or astonish, as if he had passed through sonio tccludcd region of'priva'c life, uut he had a judgment sure and ound ; a steadiness of mind which never buffi-red any passion, or even any feeling lo rnllle its calm ; a strength ol understanding wo'ked rather than forced its way through all obstacles, removing or avoiding rather than overleaping them. 1 1 is cournce. whether in battle or in council, was as per iod as might bo expected from this pure and stcadv temper of soul. A perfectly just man, with a thoroughly firm resolution never to be misled by others, any more than by others over awrd ; never lo he se duced or betrayed, or hurried away by his own weakness or sejf.dclusions, any more lliau by other men's arts; nor even to be disheartened by thu most complicated diffi culties, nny more than to ho spoili on the giddy heights ot lortuue such was this great man, whether we regard him sus. taining nlone the whole weight of cam paigns, all but desperate, or gloriously terminating a just warfnre by his resources and his courage presiding over the jaring elements of Ins political council, alike deaf to Ihe storms of all extremes or directing the foinntion of a new government for a rent people, the tirst iinio that so vast an experiment had ever been tried by mam or finally retiring from t hu sumprcme power to which his virtue had raised him over the nation lie had created, and whoso destinies lie had guided as long as his aid wos required -retired with the venwalinii ol' all parties, of all nations, ol all mankind in order that the rights of men might be conserved, and that his example never might be appealed to by vulgar tyrants. This is the consiimalo "lory of the great American; a triumphant warrior where tho most tmnguino had a right to' despair ; n iiucccssful ruler in nil liiu difficulties of a course wholly tinined; hut n warrior, wlinto hword only lull its sheath when tho first law of our nature commanded it lo bo drawn and a ruler who, having tasted of supreme purposes of subjugation with moro scanty mcoiiB, yet the military genius of tho Great Can'ain shines with a lustre peculiarly its I own ; or which he shares with Hannibal luodcreunding by which that firm The kindliness of his ii.Uino will be denied I some.; the inhuman ciucliv by others : but both aio forcedly line. Theic idextum,u teller uliiuli wu have seen, lull ol tlic temleiesl alleciion lo wards h'u f.ivuiiiu brother, lo ulioui ii was mldic fQi, when about lo bo separated from It I in. Ion alter ho liaii entered on public hie. It u in p.n is blotted wnli his teai-ii, evidently shed befmu tho ink was clry. As tor cruelly, they only ran deny ll ulio think it inoiu cruel fur u man 10 tviluee luniieiiis ninth he li ia articled, nr to cummil buleli cry wilh hid own hand, lliau to (jive thu command uliieli imiil council tlioutiuniM lo ni'ony anil ile.illi II IMinoleoii nan ueeu called nnon lu willies, nr wilh his own hand to inllicl mcli misery, hu would liavu paused ai linn iiecaiuu plijsiiMl repugnance would havo in evailed over menial c.illousuejd. IWa how many inimitcV letleciion would it h.ivu taken to deaden ihu piiu, and make him executu hUown purpose, I fl.iv. XXI. 1 It is ii Eiosa error lo chirco him with tho noiu oniii'' of his tick in Fimi ; and his in.issariu of ihu e'isoners of Jaffa, ii u very conlioverled mat ter. iim w o fear I he e.ulv auccdnlu of his oider iiijj an attack, witli no uiher object than lo I'alif) his inisliesH, when a wmii" iilliet rot urlilleiy, tests upon uudeiiiablu iiulhai ily ; anil if to, it is lo be placed among liu woijI ciiuics. power, gontly and unostentatiously desired that thu cup might pass from him, nor would sutler more lo wet Ins hps than the most solemn ond sacred duty to his country and his God required I I o Ins latest breath did tlnscrcat natrmt maintain the noble character of a Contain the patron of Peace, and a Statesman the friend of Justice. Dying, he bequeath ed to his heirs the sword winch he had worn in the War for Libcrly,charging them 'never to take it from the scabbard but in sell-defence, or in defence of their country and her freedom : and commnndinrr them that when it should thus be drawn, thev should never sheathe it nor ever givo it up uiu prcicr inning with it in their hands to ilw relinquishment thereof words, the iiiDjosty and simple clrqucncc of which are not surpassed in tho oratory of Athens and Rome. It will bo tlio duty of the Histo. rion and the Sago in all agC3 lo omit no occasion of commemorating this illustrious man; and until time shall be no moro will bo a tcartf the progress which our race has made in wisdom and in virtue bo derived Irom the veneration paid lo llTo immortal name of WasJimgtwi I - -. Mn. Stacy-, Sin: IMvitig noticed in your paper offtec. 7, tlic deflinition of husband "to be an animal to run of errands, brinp water, cut wood, and do all other jobs for mi(s" by an Old I5acholor. I think it due the author to give tho ilcffini tion of an Old Bachelor together with on account of his place of residence, which 1 will call a Geographical description of Bachelors Island. 15v a Husdam). GEOGRAPHICAL DESCItlPTION OP ILYCIIELOK'S ISLAND. When II) men's toich glows in the married breait All wandering passions are at rest Iu ronstanl love wc every ple.iture find, And every solace in the female mind. Bachelor's Island is situated on the burn ing sandsof the desert of folly where even the savage inhabitants of tlic forest seldom venture to tread. It is bounded on the North by the region of afl'ectntion, vanity and deceit, on the East bv the Territories of fear and cowaricV, South by-Slic burn- 111 Zone uf remofflc. diaea-ij uitd dentb ".ml on the West by the dead lake of Ob livion. Hence it is easy lo be supjiosed that the air of. this Island is sultry, ener valing and pestiferouscxposcd to p'crpetual scones of storms, hurricanes and tempests. and its climate like the minds of its inhab itanls never settled for nn hour. The Spring of Bachelor's Isinnd totally differs from Hint uf any otbor I have Inilicrto heanf of, as it is there tho season of the most pernicious heat, and in which the generality of its inhabitants aro possessed of a kind nl madness the most distracting lo themselves, the most injurious to the civilized country, and the mos subversive of unguarded innocence. Those who have weathered out the Spring and live to sec the Summer, though they lose a great degree of their madness, yet in that season they become artful hypociiticat and Ireach croui. Their winter- is truly despicable, since among all the nations of the earth you cannol express your contempt of. a man more pointedly than by calling him nfi Old Bachelor. A thing that lives only for itself; a thing that cares for nobody and whom nobody regards ; a thing that like a mushroom delights in boys and morasses, but hates the generous warmth of the noon -day sun. Though ihe natives of this miserable Lland make those of the Isle of Matrimony the constant object of their idicnle, yet titer! have been numberless instances oftheir stealing from their native Island into that of Matrimony, where they have prevailed upon some good naturcd easy creatures lo become their nurses and restorers auer their constitutions have been nearly ruined in their former miserable abodes, for the Isle of Matrimony, though clouds now nnd then gather over it, yet thev serve only to render the remainder of the day more brilliant and cheerful. In Bachelor s Island love is a thing much talked of but totally unknown to them. They are hated and despised, robbed and plundered by the miserable objects ol their embraces. If cards are sometimes the diversion of the people of the Isle of Mat rimony, they arc only as an amusement. But on Bachelor s Island thev are p'ouue- lice of the most shocking vices: such as the grossest scenes of drunkenness and debauchery, and the total ruin of their private fortunes ; and even murder itself is sinnetiii cs the consequence. How many have leit this island fur that they so much despised in ordor to repair their ruined fortunes by seeking n rich and an amiable partner. Bachelor's Island is a mure desert, incapable of producing nny thing but nettles, thorns, and briars. There ore no bleating lambs to please the cyo of Iinio conce, no doves lo chori.-h their young, nor does tho useful fawn bound over their plains ; but wolves, tigers und crockadiles nre seen i l abundance. There are neither wife unr children to weep over tho ashes of the deceased, but owls hool and raven's croak over their .graves. In short, of nil the animal that nature ever produced an Old llachelar must be the inoj-t contempt i lju. Ho lives n useless being on earth, dies without having answered tho end of his creation in opposition In Iho maudiito of his Maker, nnd is at last consigned fur ever to Oblivion. TWENTY AND EIGHTY: on oui'in's niKAKs. Tho subjoined sketch of n serio-comic nflulr is given by oiks ol tlio brothers Itolt ertsou, iu their "Four Years residence ii Paraguay." Tho hero of this tale of lovo J. P. 11. was n gay young Scotchman ut twenty; Iho heroine, an immensely wealthy Spanish lady, who fad attained Iho good old ugo of foursevre and two years, and was a resident of '.ho city of Assumption, in Paraguay, where tho af fecting scene occurred, some twenty-fivo years since. Now, then, for tho story. Donna Juan Ysquibel, was one of tho most extraordinary women I ever saw. In Paraguay women fade generally into old ago at lorty. Yet Donna Juanna wasj eighty-four; and though necessarily shriv elled and grey, she still preserved a vivacity of eye, n Inlaiity of disposition, nnd an activity, both of body and mind, which exemplified tho truth of the saving that "llicrc is no gcnornl rule without an' ex ception." I was entertained by her "en f mice." There ts in tho Spanish charac ter, especially as it was then enlarged by bouth American abundance, such a magni- ucciii conception oi inc woru "iiospiicjiuy , that I allowed it, with proper demonstra tions of reciprocal courtesy and favors on my part, to proceed, on that of Donna Juana, to a great extent. In the first placo, her whole household establishment, servants, horses, viands, produce of her estate, were at my disposal. Then, if I accidentally admired any thing she had a favorito palfrey, rich filigree, choice speci mens of tambouring, preserved sweetmeats, nr a pair of handsome mules they wero instantly made over to me in a woy to ren der their reception unavoidable. A gold snufi'box, because I said it was very pretty, was brought by a slave one morning into my room ; and a ring of bnlliands, because I one day happened to look nt it, was laid on my table, with a note which made its acceptance imperious. Nothing was cook ed in the houso but what it was known 1 liked ; and though I endeavored in as many ways as possible, at once to compensate for ibis onerous civility, and to show that I felt it to be rather overwhelming, yet I found all my efforts to diminish it ineffec tual. I was fond of the plaintive airs sung by the Paraguayans, and accompanied by my guitar. Donna Juana knew this; and lo my great surprise, when I came home one, evening from town, I found her, under the direction of a guitarista, or a master ol a guitar, endeavoring, with her cracked voico, to sing a trisle, and with her lank, brownjind wrirTkled fingers, to rrratlagc n accompaniment to it on the guitar. How Cuiild I Jn otherwise, on beholding 6uch a spectacle of second childhdod, than, in defianco even of the jady's sensitive nature, break out into a smile' expressive of derii pion, "For God's sako," said I, "Donna Juana, how can you, fourteen years after the lime when, according to the laws of humanity, jou should have been in the grave, either make yourself such a bun for the ridicule of your eue.inies, or such an object for compass4on of yun,r friends?" Tho exclamation, I confess, even though ad dressed to a woman of eighty four, was not n .gallant one ? lor wlcrc age is con cerned, what wofflan can bear a, fault? That Donga Juanna, fn this respect, had all the weakness of hor sex, was very soon apparent.. Down she flung the guitar; sho ordered the singing masler very un ceretnoniouslyout of the house; the ser vants she sent out of tho room: and then, with a fierceness of aspect, of which I little thought her capable, she astounded mo by tho following address: "Senor Don Juan: little did I expect such an insult from the man whom I have loved ;" and on the latter word she laid no ordinary emphasis. "Yes," (sho continued) "loved, I was pre pared, I am slill prepared to offer you my hand and my estate. If I was learning to sing, and to play the guitar, for whoso sako was it but yours ! What have I studied, wiiat have 1 thought of, for whom havo I lived during tho last three months but for you? and is this the return which I meet wilh!" Here the old lady exhibited a curious combination of the ridiculous, Iho pathetic, and the passionate, ns, melting into tears, and yet sobbing with indignation, she gave vent to hor feelings. The scene was one of striking novelty, not alloyed with alarm on my part, on account of tho poor old woman. I therefore left tfto room; sent her female servant to her; told tlTcm their mistress was seriously ill; and after hearing that all alarm was over, I went to bod, not knowing whether most to pity, or lo smile at, the tender passion which a youth of twenty had excited in the susceptible bosom of a lady of eighty- four. A story has gone the rounds of the papers of a man iu Europe who bought up 14,000 wine bottles, and crammed into them about COOO copies of an abridgement of universal history, and ordered them to bo deposited in deep caverns in icy Greenland : in order as he says, that if this globe should be partly destroyed, these records may survive to enlighten future ngc. This now way of using wino bottles is about as rational a; the old one; and more healthy. Cnoss Examination. '! call on you," snid the counsellor, "to stale distinctly upon what nuthorlty nro you prepared to swear to Ihu mare's age?" "Upon what authority .'" said the ostler intorrogalivelyi "You aro lo reply and not tu repeat tho question put to you." "I doesn't consider a man's bound to answer n question aforo hc,s lime to turn in his mind." "Nothing can be more simple, sir, than tho question put. I again repeat it. Upon what uuthnrity do yon swear to tho animals age?" "Tho best authority," rc sponded the witness, gruffly, "Then why such evasion ? Why not state it at once?" "Well then, if you must," "Lotus hevo it," vooifoiated tho counsellor, interrupt ing tho witness. "Well, then, if you must nnd will have it," rejoined tho osiler, with impurturab'o gravity "why, then, 1 had it from the morn's own mouth " Thk r.VK A person may discipline llionuu cles uf iho fare, and he may com i ol I lie voice ; but ihcrn is someilii,i2 in the co bcond the will : and ii h fn'imi'iillv find it eivin? the lun?ue the he direct.

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