Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 2, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 2, 1855 Page 2
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BURLINGTON TREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 2, 1855. Tint ErrECTS or Cold on Patim Animals. Tho Porn (Illinois) Chronicle or tho 7th inst. lenrna from n (inner who resides on tho south sido bf the Illinois river, somo particu lars of 'no storm on tho 20th ult. Hiscnttlo, tho'lgh thoy were inclosed within a circlo of jtraw stacks ami hay stacks, wero so much ttflcctod with tho driving snow blast, that they refused to cat. Tho snow was driven between tho hairs, and, coming into contact with tho skin, was for a moment melted, then frnii-n. until tho wholo'coveriuc of tho animal scorned ono unbroken armor ofico, which did not disappear, on many, for four days niter Tim snow melted on tlieir foreheads and run ning down, formed huge icWes that passed down over tho faco, and reached far below the h.-lsrt. fflvini them tho nrtnearenco of tho beast with tho ten horns in many instances tho broad sheet nf ico f.illinff over their cTcs.blind folded them effectually. Their nostrils were filled with frozen snow that had been driven into them by tho violence of tho wind. Tho quails that had gathered about his barnyard ns a last resort, wero frozen to death. 1 rai- vio ehiekpnsj wnrft rdther frozen to death or so bonurabed that ho could tako them with his hands ns thev sat on tho fence, sleeping with actual stupor. His barnyard chickens wero many of them frozen, and what is singular, In nearly pvcrv rasn thev WCro found With thoir bllU as wido apart as they could bo tttnrlorfirl . nnrl tlm infill th filled with solid ico. Ho has driven his cattlo and teams over his fences, tho snow beinc on a level with them and eo compact as to sustain o, heavy load ttkcklji fuc L)rc0B For Count' Commissioner, Charles A. Seymour, liurlington, For Council of Censors, David Fish, Jericho. BURLINGTON, FKIDAY, MARCH 2. 1855 To our view, tho absurdity, in a practical sonso, of the constitutional provision for Council of Censors,", such ns it is, appears plainly enough in the management of tho bu eincss for this year. When wo select legis lators, wo expect to know, nt least in a gene ral way, what their scutimcnts aro on such broad questions of policy as nro agitating tho public mind. Knowing so much of them and their established characters for intelligence and probity, wo are in a condition to vote. De tails, minor questions of legislation, we are willing to trust to thorn. Short of Hint know ledge, wo cannot tote as intelligent and con scientious freemen should. Yet hero now comes tho broadest question of nil the adjustment of tho fundamental law of tlio Stato, in conformity with which all elections of law makers and law execu tors must bo carried on ; by which judges arc to bo chosen and to act. No annual cloctions of members of Assembly, of Governor or Treasurer is at all to bo comparod with it in importance Yet on no point whatever which tho Council of Censors will havo to discuss, is the opinion known,ofuny ono of tho persons nominated, cither singly or collectively, io fir as tho public aro informed. Nobody vouchos for any one of them on any ono thing, except that they aro worthy men, known as such throughout the State all which is very good as furasitgoos not very far cither, in our view. The same might bo said of hundreds mora. Considering however the apathy which prevails on the whole matter throughout tho Stato,wo sco no better way than to set beforo tho people all the names which aro proposed, either by individuals or by consultations ofa fow. Every man can then mako up a ticket to suit himself. 'Ihirteen men will probably ba chosen, because a plurality elects ; but if less than thirteen get tho plurality, wo do not 600 how the business will end. The constitu tion says tho Council shall consist of thirteen, and tho law for their election makes no pro vision for tie votes. No second election can bo hold. Thirteen or none, seems to bo tho word. No doubt there will bo other lists of names proposed. We intend to give thom all, if thoy aro not too many. For ourselves, we intend to vote for thir teen men, if we can find them out, who are predisposed to get rid of the Council of Cen sors for tho future ; and who believe that na (ural rights Jo, and that political rights should belong to human beings to creatures of (lod who havo souls, and not to corporations, more creatures of law, which havo neither rjason nor understanding, and that ono frec man'svoto in the State ought to be as power ful as another's, and that it is proper for a majority to rulo instead of a minority. For other alterations we euro very little any way. From tho Spirit of the Age.l JOHN S. KOIUNSON, of Bennington Co. DANIEL KELLOGG, Windham " SILAS II. HODGES, Rutland JULIUS CONVERSE, Windsor HORACE EATON, Addison WILLIAM HEBAKD, Orango " G20RGE P. MARSH, Chittenden LUCIUS JJ. PECK, Washington " E-tASTL'S FAIRBANKS, Caledonia WORTH1NGTON SMITH, Frankliu WM. H. II. BINGHAM, Lamoille " POKTUS BAXTER, Orleans WILLIAM HEYWOOD, Jr., Essex The Mercury endorses this ticket. The Windsor Journal says : "There are time good names on it. Converse, Hobard, Peck, MarBh, Fairbanks, Hodges and Kellogg are the right kind of men, albeit of diverse pilitical sentiments. But tho idea of placing Jjhn S. Robinson at tho head of such a ticket strikes us as somewhat ludicrous." That difficulty wo think could be got over, by read ing the counties in a different order. From the Rutland Horald. GILES HARRINGTON, Grand Islo County. WORTHINGTON SMITH, Franklin " LEVI UNDERWOOD, Chittenden JAMES M.SLADE, Addison SILAS 11. HODGES. Rutland HILAND HALL, Bennington J. DORR BRauia:v Windham JAMES BARRETT, Windsor ., AZELSPAULDING, Washington BLISS N. DAVIS, Caledonia " WILLIAM IIEBARD, Orango SAMUEL A. WILLARD, Orange E B. SAWYER, Lamoillo From tho Watchman. 1 ion cuuwcn, OF CENSORS HILAND HALL of Bonningtoq County. J. D. BRADLEY of WindUm " JAMES BARRErr Windsur I.OYA a- KELLOGG Rutland oAML'EL S. PHELPS Addison " ROYAL HATCH Orange GEORGE P. MARSH Chittenden " AZEL SPALDING Washington LUKE P. POLAND Calodouia WORTHINGTON SMITH Franklin E. II. SAWYKIl Lamoillo SAM'L A. WILLARu Orleans ABRAHAM IIARDINC Grand Islo Besides the names on tms0 complete lists, individuals havo been nau0j , ,jifruront placeB, viz, David Fish of fer..10l ,y a cull. vention in Chittenden County, Mx, yyt (j, Wilson of Hakersficld, by " a citu,," xiixhe 6i. Albans Messenger, Timothy P.Redfield was also proposed by tho Green Mc,lltl,jn Freeman, As somo consider him inclii$ii0 because ho lias been a member of the within tho last seven years (wo cannot su any reason in that objection) tho crown rathor withdraws his nauio and acquiesces in that of Mr. Spalding. On tho outbido, an interesting letter from England j Report or tho Fruit Commit tee of the Chaaiplain Horticultural Society ; " Duties ori Wool," and miscellaneous irtieles Congress The Tnrlft. We condemn In toto, the practice, now be coming quite common in Congress, of tacking to tho appropriation bill, other bills affecting ontircly different objects. sin onough usually in the appropriation bill when taken by itsolf; but it had hotter spend itself thoro, nnd not ho nllowcd to infect objects of nn en tirely different character. Wo havo an in- stanco in point, in the attempt to make exlcti- slo modifications of tho Tariff in tho very last days of tho session. In this way a bill which ought to bo fully and carcfullydiscussod, is llko to bo mado a law, almost unexamined at all. It may confer benefit on somo inter csts, but is quite likely to harm others. It in ny get alterations in tho Senate which will make it bettor though wo do not expect any good from that quarter. Tho following remarks from tho New York Courier ij Enquirer express our views very well : ino rariu mil which was adopted on Saturday by tho House of Representatives mav bo taken as a sort of Compromise be tween tno menus oi protection on tho ono sine anu tno irienas oi ireo irauo on tho other. If we wero to havo any action upon the subject bv tho present Democratic Con gress, perhaps this was on the whole ns littlo injurious as could havo been expected. It is not an American Tat iff. Compared with what it might do and ought to do, it does little to build up or sustain American labor. By tho reduced rates of duty to be levied upon our lorcign manufactures, the new Bill in general coincides with the views urged by Secretary Guthrie, although in somo respects it stops short of what tho Secretary recommends. But even in its present shape it is decidedly an improvement upon the Se cretary Walker's Tariff Bill of lS4U. now in operation. By the latter, the interests of both tho wool grower and tho wool nrinufuc turer wero sacrificed ; and a discrimination was tuado in favor of, rather than against the r..v.Vu manufacturer. llv tin, now 1,111. nil kinds of raw wool may bo imported at eight tier cent, upon tho invoice instead ol thirty. I his will materially uffect the wool growing interests of Pennsylvania, Ohio, ermont. -...i - r... .i.-. i j... . . uii'j ouiuo iu utan-o umv uuvu invested Cnpl' till lamely in this branch of homo industry and yet contributo decidedly to tho interests ui uiu uui iuuuui.ii;turir Tho new bill reduces tho duty on Iron 21 per cent. W o havo said beforo. und w re peat it now, that tho Iron interest of this country is ot lar greater importance to than tho cold of California. If Conero would raise tho country to its richtful pitch of independence nnd inherent crcatnesa. it would udopt tho same policy which gitvo Great Britain its pre-eminent position ns tho uiuuuiaciurur ui uiu vviioio World, if th, llron interest wero properly suEtnincl. Unit ni tho coal miners would bo greatly benefitted. Tho coal of Western Pennsylvania, Virginia and Ohio would como into fivo hundred per cent, greater demand than tho present. Honco wo protest ngainst tho cxtcudod crndit pro posed on railroad iron imported. The uuduo crodit would favor tho foreign manufacturer, nnddamaco tho intorestsol our own. Thn Pennsylvania delegation, almost unanimous ly, sustained tho now hill, as tho less of two evils, proicrring a twenty per cent, reduction on their great staple rather than the total repeal of nil duty for three years as would virtually result from tho Bill now beforo the tho Senate. Indeed it may be said that the fact, that tho votes of Pennsylvania'and Mas sachusetts wero given to tho bill and enabled it to pass, when otherwiso it could not, is evidenco that tho measure was tho best that could bo secured under tho circumstances. But if tho true interests of the country uro to bo consulted, and a reasonable support given to our home market, including ot courso the interests of every Stato in the Union without exception, tiio Senato will proposa to abolish entirely the duties on rawwool and dye stuffs, and sustain tho former duties on woolen and cotton goods. Will u reduced dutyon foroign goods cause a reduced prico in our market ! We fay no. Tho diffcronco will go into the pocket o'f the ""fe110" i.nniiciuai iiinnuiacturcr una tho consumer will realize no benedt. As a rcvenuo of financo this Bill will pro bably fail. Tho Treasury will lose from ten to twelvo millions of dollars per annum from its customs revenues. Wo havo no idea that our New York importers will for somo vears ro-embark upon tho suicidal policy of IS54, whereby the market vras overstocked, their own eiijiitjil mink, nnd tho doujt'cttlc m inu facturer for tho timo forgotten. The Treasu ry will in a 6inglo twolve month shuw the results of tho present change, and, vvcaro false prophets, if tho Bill is nut then again remodelled. It is this instability of tho Ta rill' that is most of all to bo deprecated. E2T Cocntv Costmssio.vnR is to be voted for next Tuesday. Thoso who wish for a good officer, will do well to remember the day and remember to vote . We will furnish printed votes to order. EJTln Pennsylvania Legislature on luehday, after several ballots, tho election of a U. S. Senator was postponed for tho session. The voto for Cameron, tho K.N. candidate, showed a fulling off among his friends. Itishop Hopkins's Lecture. The subject of Bishop Hopkins's Lecture on Tuesday evening, was the right Administra tion of tho Naturalization laws ; and it was treated with great ability and interest. Sketching with a few strokes tho fundamen tal differences between our system of govern ment and those which picva.I in other coun tries, admitting that very serious practical evils had already attended tho immense in flux of foreigners, or rather, tlieir easy ad mission to the ballot box, when from their habitsoflifoand thought so many of them are unfitted to understand or to obey tho princi ples which aro port of the American's life, and that greater evils aro to be fearod unloss ft proper remedy can bo appliod-admitting too, that these evils are moro serious from tho notorious fact that a great majority of this foreign population is accustomed, in political as well as in spiritual matters, to lollow the dictation of their religious guides guides who, themselves mostly of for eign birth, are suorn to obey tho dictates of a potentate opposed to the most essential features of our freo institutions ho inquired for the remedy This, he maintained, is not to be found in excluding foreigners from tho country, nor from the enjoyment of its high privileges, for if multitudes aro unfit to participate in tho (IrWirrt rnl-l--. UbltU lur it as if born and nurtured in our midst, not by withholding tho right to vote or to hold office of all kinds from men of any particular religious faith for all aro alike entitled to freedom in that respect, not even in any very essential alteration of tho laws for natu ralizatiou, for they aro substantially right, and aim at a righteous result. But tho truth is, their administration has been mado practically a farce. Whoever ap- pnes to no naturalized is, as ti matter of courso, allowed to go through tho forms of law on tho subject, and thus to bccouio inves ted with powers which in thousands of in. Btanees, ho knows nothing or but to abuso them. Let thero bo an entiro change in this respect have tho admission mado a iuo,t serious affair, let the good character and in tclligonco orthoapplicunt.and hisottachment to our institutions bo thoroughly ostab. lished by an open and thorough investigation under tho greatest solemnities or a court or justice, beloroho is allowed to tako tho oath und becomo invested with tho right to voto and to possess offico. In this way tho evils would bo checked, nud their extension sub stantially prevented. Tho lecture was repleto with sound and pa triotic views. We are very sorry that bo small ft portion or our citizens heard it. Wo should o glad to have it repeated at a time when 'o minds or pooplo in tho neighborhood aro les. occupied with other subjects or interest, i are informed that tho necessary ab-eenoo-,niishop Hopkins from town will pre vent t)0 delivery of another lecture next woek. Duo notice will bo given when it is to take pUCe. GTOur ncighlor Mr. O.Goodrich seems to bo particularly unfortunato among tho sleds on College Strcot. On Friday morning, ho was struck by a sled with n largo boy on It, vio lently thrown down and severely bruised. On Saturday afternoon, his nephew (James Marsh) who has been thrco yearsin his fami ly, a lino littlo fellow of seven summers, came home drawing his sled with ono hand, ono arm badly broken and hanging by his sldo, caused by running against a sleigh near tho Academy. After his nrm was put in shapo, splintered and bandaged his first in quiry was for his sled. Ho wished it brought in, so ho could oxaraino It said ho nau broken It when ho broko his arm, and hoped it could bo mended, as it was tho best sled in town, would run farther nnd faster than any other. iy Dodge's Co.nceiit at Union Hall Friday ovening was well attended wo learn, and by a gratified audlcnco. His troupo of lingers is spoken of with decided approbation. Ihcy form a quartette of well harmonized voices altogether superior to tho ordinary companies of travelling vocalists. OfDodgo'sown share in the entertainment it is useless to speak. lie must bo heard to bo appreciated. f7"A BEAtjiircL and striking painting by Mr. Cameron, of tho eclobrated " Indian Pass" in tho Adirondack Mountains, is ex posed to public view at Brinsmald fc Hit droth's for a few days. Cuba, Tho latest intelligence from Cuba, under Havana dates of Feb. 15th, indicates an un common excitement in that not always quiet island. Concha, tho Captain General, is taking vigorous measures to defeat tho fillibustering expedition, understood to be fitting out under Gen. Quitman and others, in this country By n recent decree the island is declared in stato of 6iege, and subject to martial law, Tho coast is declared to bo blockaded by tho navy of her most Catholic Majesty. Every vosscl desiring to enter tho ports will bo re quired to exhibit her papers, and will ho m,, i- , scrupulously examined. esscls arriving uiiuu vruii peopio aro considered suspi cious from that fact alono ; if tho papers aro irregular, or tho vessels have arms or muni tion of War on board, they will bo considered piratical, and bo subjected to the penalties proclaimed against piracy. Her B. M. ship Medea had sailed with Spanish troops for Vuclta Dc Abajo, and that circumstanco had caueed rejoicing amongst the Spaniards, who deemed it a manifestation of good will from England. Volunteer forces had been raised. .II I Al. . 1- .. and additional defences built around Havana. Numerous arrests of persons suspected of having somo connection with cn;bustcrs had been made. From Now Orleans it is statcu that Quitman's " invading army" will leave that port for Cuba within a week. Protection of V. S. OlCccrs. Wo havo only snatches of tho twelvo hours' debato of last Friday in tho U S. Senate. But what is reported shows conclusively that Slavery is no longer "a dclicato subject," which cannot be introduced into Congress. Tho Bill was drawn by Mr. Touccy, the Ne braska democratic Senator from Connecticut, who seemed a littlo ashamed of tho work which the committee had put upon him said ho " did not like to proposo a law so much against public opinion, but drew the bill in hopesof subserving tho Constitution." iho bill is to protect othcers and other per sons acting under theauthority of the United States, and provides that if a suit bo com menced in any Stato Court, against any offi cer of tho United States, or uny nthcr pervnn for any act done under law, or color of law of tho liutcti States, tlio defendant may re movo such suit to the United States Court, sitting in that circuit, and if thero is no cir cuit in tho district, to the Court clothed with circuit powers. H, w;b n Mini rr, in r,,r n rii, ; which Senators Douglass, Wade, Butler Wcllcr, Fessender, Chaso, Pcttit, Badger, Sumner and Seward appear to have taken tho most aetivo part. Tho whole subject or tho Nebraska bill and or tho subsequent elec tions, appears to have been gone over in a sort or rough and tumble stylo. Personal attacks and retorts wero plenty as usual, mingled with somo enrnestand scriousdebating. We give tho sketches or tho concluding part ol tho debato, assent by telegraph. Mr. Gillette I regret to trespass, but in asmuch as my colleague has figured in this debato, I feel it duo to present tho true sen timents of Connecticut upon tho subject which has been precipitated upon us. It would bo moro congenial to mo to sit in silence, but when a proposition which 1 can not approve of, and measures injurious to humanity are proposed, 1 cannot help speak ing. The Senator from Louisiana has made aggression tho burden of his speech. I shall speak within tho record, I call tho attention of tho Sonato to this very District, for which all the States are responsible. Here Mr. Gillette read from tho laws governing the District of Columbia. Mr. Dawson These laws aro as obsoleto as tho Blue Lows of Connecticut. Novorcn forcod hero. I don't want such a falso im pression to go out. I am tho Chairman or the District or Columbia. Mr. Gillette offered the "Black Codo or tho District or Columbia " Mr. Jones That book is a slander upon tho South and upon the country. Mr. Gillotto A thing on horseback was dragged along on tho Monday beforo last a woman tied with a ropo under tho very shadow of tho Capital ' In answer to Mr. Rusk I did not see it. but some ladies at the houeo whore I reside, told me or it. Mr, Rusk Where is that book, the "Black Codo or tho District or Columbia !" Mr. Jones (examining the book) By an anti.slavcry society, from tho press of W. B. Sneffen, John street. New York. Mr. Rusk I supposed so. Mr, Gillo,t "rit,nnp.l lor more than an hrmf -tilng extracts from foreign and domestic-authors, in derogation or slavery, when Mr. Jones, or Tennessee, said the Senator from Connecticut (Gillette) observed at the commencement of his speech that tho meaeuro was precipitated upon them, and he has read over fifty pages which must havo taken a week to prepuro, und speaks of tho remarks or Mr. ado, which shows ho knew what Mr. ado was going to say. (To tho Free Soilers) Now own up, gentlemen, you know all about this bill nnd what each other wero going to i say on it. i uo not say it in my Senatorial capacity, but personally. I verily believe you aro a band ot Mr. Chaso moved the Senate adjourn. Lost nuys 30, yeas 7. Mr. Pettit ridiculed tho idea of stato sovereignty, and gavo u dissertation on tho Romans, Scandinavians, Normans, Saxon-, I Goths, andals, tho Gracchi, Ac. I Mr. Wilson was ready to carry nut overy provisiouof tho constitution, hut wus op- , IHjscd to the existence of slavery in tlio Dis trict or Columbia or in the territories or tho ' tinted States, and ho and thoso who acted I with him wero determined to abolish it there. I They bolioved they shared tho responsibility I oi its existenco wherever it uiii,,l,i,. control of Congress, nnd they desired to re- v.o inciiiaeiivBi ot inai responsibility. IIo earnestly desired tho perpetuity or tho I'nion, . . . :o " "fiiniu .jiutu l,u,v """ ic.wuicu, tno provisions ot the constitution would bo carried out by tho M?vXr!lifM U", , . torrj ou "towlTlUfito. tion, ho would go hand in hand with him Ho had heard him charged with being -i die. unionist. IIo was glad that such wits not tin- case, Mr. Seward At 10 minutes mst 11 this morning, simultaneously with the calling up w. .... un, suui'i-y, i roso to present a projiosition for a bromo i,tatuo, fifty fret high, to tho memory orjefl'orson, to ho erect- eu in n usuingion, ono eido to commemorate th, Signers of the Declaration of fndepen- lance. Now I have waited in-arlv 12 hours having no disposition lo enter tho lists among tho early dlputants. The Nebraska bill passed nt night was announced hy can not, ana lor nugiii i Know cannon nro tin ready to proclaim tho passago of this bill. t- ...!. i..- i...., i i T !... ii.t- .it.. cussion,utul hardly a phase of Slavery exists which has not been nlludcd to. Tho bill be foro us lias received nono too largo n share of Attention, Tho Fugitive Slavo Law has been introduced. I havo no concealments or re servation upon that sulgcct. I shall givo my VILMIO llglllllUIl lllllV PUMJLt, 11 HUH AVU CU1I1U IU tho organization ol xsemaska. 1 prophesied that tho usurpation of tho Fugitivo fclavo Iiw would lead to further usurpations, and hero .1 !- !.! I.! 1 1 wiev uru in linn uiu 1 understand the Know Nothings to bo se cret societies oi two or inrco grimes, cor leagued to elect persons ol tlieir own urder somewhat similar to tho Native Americans. I hopo my protest in this bill will not bo identified with this Association. I belong to but ono voluntary society, and that is tho Vyiirisiiiui iiiiurcu. i uciontr to uui one poli tical party, and that has open societies, incit ing in broad daylight. Beforo 1 would bend liiu kiicu, ur join secret iinsuciiilions, iwu swear to iuhiuit my judgment to that of other men, 1 would sillier my hand to he paralyse t. Proscribe a man becauso lie was not born in tho same town, county, stato or country ! I seriously ndviso tho people hcrcnltcr to bo born in the United States, to bo converted to tho Protcstunt Church, and to bo born white if they can i but if they come into the world, notwithstanding my advice, with black faces nnd twisted hair, 1 shall nut add a feather to tho disabilities under which they naturally suffer thereby. I am in favor of thcnbolition of slavery in the District) I'Columbia. As to slavery in the States, 1 don't I now of un individual who in in favor of alwhsh ing slavery in tho States where it exist!, by external interference ; but il I lived in nslitvc state, 1 should use all the legal means t pro cure its abolition there, and to that end 1 would try to iret such nid from tho Treasury of tho Inited States ns circumstances would ull'trd. As to tho territories, I shall not re pent my opinions. What is proposed hero is un innovation a new measure that tho Courts of the States may bo ousted in civil causes in actions complained of under a law or color of n law of the United States. Thir-ty-otn equal ami quslified sovereignties com pose tho United States. Tho objects of both aro alike to protect their citizens, The one is tno rcderal (jovernmcnt ; tho other tno State tjovcrniaent. the latter wero organ ized to protect tho liberty of the citizen. iiiiu inuv mix, iiiu reuerui courts uru ij- nnlm) tn Mr. Bivurd Some states liayj rec:'ntl by tlieir lcgishitbin, endeavored to rendir tho laws of tin ? Lnitcd' btitos nugatory, heneo I tho necessitvofstich a bill as this Une stato imprisons as a Telon him wlioaFcrtshiright to property nhd fails to prove his title Such state legislation renders tho present I ill im perative. No officer can otherwise fulfil his duty in reference to tlio,. laws of Iho United States. If these states can carry their points against tho United Statesthero mint boa dis solution. They have already done something toward this through mobs and murder now they are attempting further to resist the laws of Congress by legislation. Mr. Sumner His now near midnight. Since 11 o'clock this morning wo havo been ;,?:V.Cats. This is tho day usually ect apart lor privaiu im..u. - fivo private bills unheard ; stcriliccd to slave. ry in ono of Its most odious forms. There is a seeming apology for slavery at home, but that apology fails when jou hunt a man who has tho intelligence and skin to rucure ins freedom. Mr. Risk Point out a word in that bill which speaks of slavery. Mr. Sumner read the caption of the bill. It has becnubly discussed by my friend from Ohio und others. By tho admission of this whole debate, it is a bill to bolster up the Fu gitive Slavo act. Mr. Rusk If tho officers of the United States aro not to be protected, repeal your law. Mr Sunnier So say I. "Repealyour law." Thero is neither the word "Slave" nor "Slav o ry," in tho Constitution. Tho bill is report ed by a Senator from the North, to bind anew thu chains of the slave. Somo Senators re gard tho Fugitivo Slave lawns constitutional ; others, equally conscientious, believe it to bo utterly unconstitutional. Thero is another , clali'e, guaranteeing the same privileges and 1 Immunities in all the States, and to tlio citi- zens of each state. Citizens I rum tho free i states in moro than one State, have been put I in prison, and in somo instances sold. Mr. Butler Do you embrace .South Caro I lin t in your statement 1 I Mr. Sumner I do. South Carulina has, I by her Legislature, claimed tho right to in- tJn-t 'hat clause, and Congress has no w-- Massachusetts, that on tho person "held to labor" clause she bus a similar right to in terpret, and to disclaim the right of Con gress to legislate upon this last named clause. This lugitivii slave net n unjust ns it is un constitutional. You fancy you may pron it up by decisions of courts, butsuch annet, so defiant of the law or God, would drag any Court down to oblivion. Senators have ar raigned whole states to-day, becauso they have endeavored to throw the shield of ha'ic us corpus and trial by jury around tho vie t i in h ol' this utrocioiiHeiiactmeiit. An enlightened Christian public opinion is forming in tho North, which will render your nets on this Uoor nugatory us they are uncon stitutional nnd irrational. You from tho South brought slavery into Congress when you passed the laws in leference to slavery which disgraco tho District of Columbia, and which my friend from Connecticut, Mr. Gil lett, basso very ably exposed to-day, I;H us alone, say Senators from theSouth; let us ulono, say wo of tho North. Keep slavery where it was under Washington, when our national flag did not flout over a slave. 1 move to strike out the enacting clause, and insert nn amendment, providing for tho re peal oT tho Fugitivo Slavo Act or 1854, and usk for tho yeas and nays upon tho amend ment. In answer to Mr. Butler. Mr. Sumner said No inducement would incitu mo to aid in tho return or a rugitivo slavo. Mr. Butler Tho gentleman has no right to a seat hero, disavowing ull obligations to the constitution. Mr. Sumner I do not disavow ubliraton to that instrument. Mr. fcumncr s amendment was rejected hy iSnysoHl; icas U. an amendment, allowing tlio tisool iiPjw-i-tionstukcu under this bill to bo ued in the United States Courts was jessed, when the bill was passed to a third reading, by u vjto ol'Yeas, 29. Nays, 9; ami nt 124, 'o'clock, midnight, the Senate udjourned. New Hampshire IHci'tion. . i v "n" Hampshire about these days. Tho pelitical war is waged with tho greatest fierceness. At a political meeting in Newport N. II., on tho Sth inst., Mr. Harriman, Stut. Treas urer, lauded Gen. Pierco to tho sties, and said ho was elected to tho presiden-y unso licited. Whereupon Edmund Burio drew from his pocket a letter in which Goi. 1'ierce addressed him, soliciting bis aid in lo uring his nomination! After going over tlo wholo ' ProunJ uf "l0 management of tho Hiltlmorc convention showing up the corrupt i 'uncord clique, nnd exposing tho infamous d;igi, ol' I the Nebraska bill, und tho endeavor of tho I Pierco cliiino of presses and speakers to keep ! it out of tho people's sight duringthecanva.s ! now going on, he wound up with th-following resolution HrtuUcd, That President Piereo's administration is unworthy tho support of tho democracy of New Humpxhire. which was lasted almost unanimously. It was predicted lust full, that everything I . HU1J bo straightened out in Now Hampshire in.uarcii, Tins a, llampshiro vnfini(ava f that what tv,"r nlcn lu It. lin a,,", I. !,,,.. I n nrnn !.... i , , o ' -.. I , , ., . rulci1 1,10 Matu- 1,0 'Iraighl in shrouds, rraJi'rr '" 1U "' C0UK,, ,. I tor of tho "over Gaietto must havo a hotter pair or spectacles than any I (numerals in this atf 11,11!. neighborhood an oblain. IK- says J " c cnniint call to mind u timo since, our connection with the (iazette-a period orsiuno brighter aspect than at the present Vo saytoourlriondsin thoStuto.'.'iiotaclniid in tho horizon" obscures our pathway." - I No.nota c.oud-overything is plain le- foro you Instead of clouds there is, however, rather uninteresting pile of rocks, Tho liics aro bright hut such walking. Portsmouth Journal, Tim SrottAiio.v Bill, When tho voto was taken on tho Bill after tho voto, oil tho Now England Members voted aye, except Morrison nnd llibbard of New Hampshiro Tho Hartford Times, tho leading Demo cratic paper in Connecticut, pronounces tho President's reasons flimsy, and adds : The money appropriated by this bill would mostly como to Now England, Connecticut would havo received a largo share or it. On this account, Davis, Dobbin and Guthrie mlizht very naturally oppose the appropria tion. But the President oucht not, and of courso does not, give this reason, But who is there that believes If this money bad been duo to the citizens of Virginia, the bill would now rest under a veto ! Somo members from tho Southern States, democrats too, voted for it. The I.letitciinnt.f.'eiicrnl.Slilp. Somo wonder Is expressed that President Picrco has not yet conferred on General Scott tho appointment which Congress intended for hnn, m tho bill authorizing the President to confer tho office of Lieutenant General fur "eminent services" in the Mexican war. Per haps tho contemplation of tho warlike achievements in Mexico of ono Franklin Pierce, ns set forth in electioneering articles before his election, has led tho Prcsidont to the conclusion that Gen. Scott is not tho man who is most entitled to the credit of "eminent services" in that campaign. The Patent Laws Thero is a bill for altering the Patent Laws beforo tho U. S. Senate, which seems con trived especially to incrcaso tho fees and pat ronago of the Patent Offico to nil enormous extent. The Scientific American exposes the wickedness of tho measure, and says It fills us with astonishment that any Sen utor or officer of tho government should seri ously put forward suchun absurd and incon gruuua "mess of pottage," and call it an im provemcnt a remedy lor present ills, Why, it makes our patent system raoro cumber mine and expensivo than tho old British plan Instead ol increasing, it decreases tho value of patent property, instead of simplifying, iLailds intricacy to complication. Instead oi eiieour 'gingiit lays new and grievous burdens upon them. It lobs thorn by wholesale ol their property, and divides it bctwoen the coffers ot an overflowing treasury and the pockets of hungry politicians, lawyers and patent agents. Flint it must meet tlio entire disapprobation of tho great body of inventors and patentees, is too apparent to require demonstration. II tho question ot its adop tion were submitted to them for decision, we believe they would rise up crt masje in oppo. sitlon. Wo look upon tho wholo patent system as ono doing harm rather than good j and efforts uro constantly on foot in Congress to mako it worso than it is. Grand Kncnmpmcnt of Vciraont Tho Grand Encampment of this Stato hold its Annual Meeting in Burlington, on Tues day, January 9, ls55. Tho following are tho officers elect for tho year ensuing. M. E. Daniel L. Porter, or Middlobury, Grand Master. E. Philip C. Tucker, Vergennes, Deputy Urand Matter. , E. Birzillai Davenport, Brandon, Grand Generalissimo. E. Joshua Doanc, Builit.gton, Grand Cap tain General. E. Rev. L'l.tnd Howard. Rutland, Grand Prelate. ; E. William P. Russell, Middlobury, Grand Sen. M'arrftn. I E. William S.Rublee, East Berkshire, Grand ' Jun. Warden. ' E. John B. Ilollinbeek, Burlington, Grand llecorder. I E. Nathan B. Haswcll, Burlington, Grand ' t lmiTX .Murray, Williston, Grand I Standard Hearer. E. Joel Winch, Northfield, Grand Hu-ord I Jltnrcr. I E. Thomas II. Campbell, St. Albans, Giand u ararr. i E. George M. Hall, Swanton, Giand Visitor I E. Lemuel S. Drew, Burlington, Grand Commissar'. E. Nathan P. Bowman, Westford, Grand .Sentinel. A K:.ow-NoTiilNG Dlmockat. A good deal of amusement has been created by tlio publi cation of tho following verbatim et literatim copy of an order offered in the Massachusetts House of Representatives on f riday last, en dorsed thus . "1 wish to presnt tho within ordr Rowcll of Amesbury. House of Representatives, Feb. 10th, 1S55. ( Ordered hy Mr. Rowcll of Amesbury that tho Committy on Judiciary report nuttier furthro Legislation is nccessery to securo the bitter observence of tho 199 section of theSS chapter or tho Revised Statutes in relation to tno measurmcnt ot Lome. Iconnrsrosptscc or mc tree mESs. The Sluvc Trade in New York. New Vukk, Feb., 1655. It sounds odd to hear such a phrase as the slave trade lu New York." We havo boon so long accus. tomcd to think of the slave trade aa a relio of bar barous timet, which no people that claim to bo Christians would have anything to do with, and to think of Xew York, as the center almost of our civilisation, that one would almost as soon expect to hear of tho Inquisition being established here, aa of Xew ork being the principal post of the slave trade. And yet there is little doubt that for years it has been such ; that the majority cf the slaves that have been purchased on the coast of Africv for rum and muskets, Jte., havo undergone the horrors of "tho middlo passage" in vessels fitted out in this port of Now York by New York morchants, if not owned by them, manned in this port, and sent di. rcctiy from this port "blackblrdlng," as it is called. Since the trial of Capt, bmith lust November for biing engaged in tho trade, we ha,e bad our atten tion called to the fact constantly, Capt, Smith you will remember, wns thu Captain of the brig I Julia M mlton, which sailed Irom thia port and car, ried a cargo of elavce to Cuba, worth 1225,000, tho Captain himself told the editor of the 'i-jif t be had no dilficulty in starting on her voy. nro. mill (.it,t. Sndlti u.,nl,l ni. r l,nvu V, II...I I in quettion for his sharo of it, but for his quarrel . , -. . v-..v ing with his first male, and n fusing to pay him somo two ur three hundred dollars. It seems in credible that a man who was engaged in such bui, ness, should havo quarrelled with an accomplice for snch a paltry sum, but It shows to what a pitch of I security the dealers had arrived. I no doubt ' tlutcven after tlio charge was made, the witness 1 could havo been bought offut a slight expense. Hut Smith was eoufideut that he should evcape, i and stoud his trial, and fnuntl himtplf wtlh n un. 1 tenco of death impending over his head, instead of going iree. Tho evidence givm on that trill, aud tho subsequent statement which Capt, Smith made to tho editor of the New York I'tangrtnt, wno visl ttd him In his cell, excited tho atttnticn of the pub. Ih', and quickened the perceptions of the Unitid Mutts .tutlioritlcs In tho City, .Mr. Yaicntine, a merchant In Soutli Street, was brought up for ex amination on tho charge of being Interested in the Julia Miultttn, Tiiut examination has drugged along until this time, before Mr, Commissioner Morton, and every few weeks since then, tho Dis trict Attorney has staithd the publlo by somo ucw uli0o,crJr KItliig tho slavo trade. Hitherto, 1 " 1 liO a VUSSel r,n r..,.lnr trn.lln .r. . u nn (n . . " "' "VS." , - .... I , ' nerrn laone, whither she hud been going to carry : out a patty of missionaries, If she had had a littlo j moro room. Hlavery, however, being a--missionary th. mistake, a. no, perhn,,.obowon. , f ,' incnhunt was hauled up, and is 1 ul"'" ""''''''ai'vn, b.,i,., ,0m sjllors cam. ' h , , ( "n ainahei .lave v. el on the coast, but which he to iy, .ajlug, he knew nothing about the 1 wlalr. Another Captain bus been uaJe. e.amln.. i btL ii,.,. i but . " '"" ""0 ""(rW rretty ,,,n iuhivi i v ui,. I i. ...i. u t 11... ,i. .1. .j, . .,uunull luBl tn0 w(l. ,iZ Z ZLX. mstes are raiitaLen in the man. Nor do I think Unloi It la Cnjaaln Euilth'i. They will make talk, and will have tho effect to make thnso who are en gaged In the trnde more cautious for while, bat I doubt whether anything more substantial will re- ault from thetu all. Ono easo there has been of what wag undoubtedly a ilaver long alnco, but the got off clear, before the authorities got hold of her There wero aome elngu lar facta about tho caso too. n Item appeared In the llally Timri one morning, stating that there wae a vcsacl In port which had been acting In a auspici ous way, and waa auEpcctcd of being a ilaver, and the authorities were going to hate her rearebcu. There muat hate keen great carelessness, to Bay tho least, In letting euch an Item appear, if the Intention really waa to catch her. II Is difficult to aeo how the reporter could bavo got the Item, except from aome of the United States officers. However, the item appeared, Ono would havo thought then that the first thing which tho V,US. District Attorney would havo done on (eelng the Item, would have been to tako Immediate atepa to prevent the suspl clous vessel from taking tho alarm and getting away beforo she had been examined, ltut it happened that the District Attorney was busy that morning, and it was not until late In the afternoon that the proper papcra were obtained, nnd a'deputy Marshal was placed on board a steamboat to overhaul tho suspicious craft, which had got her crow abrcad hlrod a steamboat to tow her down, and started off without clearing at the Custom House, anj was at roady far down the bay towards the narrows. The steamboat on which was tho Deputy, however, having nothing In tow, rapidly gained upon her, but arriving below Statcn Island, tho Deputy Informed tho Captain of tho Steamboat, that It was of no use to go any further, as tho vessel waa "beyond hlsju tisdlctlon," and so they stopped and saw tho slaver cast off from her towboat, and put out to sea under sail, without further effort to ovcrtako her. Her nnmo was tho Onward. Sho had on board a slave cargo, plenty of rice, Ac, and boilers for cooking, a slavo deck, and largo quantities of water, such as slavers carry. How tho Deputy Marshal could have beeu so stupid, It is difficult to soe, when lit, must have known that they aelzo slavers nnd send them homo from the coast of Africa, and If ho did not know that tho United States have jurisdiction be. low Statcn Island, he could not bo fit for his place. However, as a gentleman said when speaking about It, "thero Is such a thing as putting a hundred dot lar bill over a Deputy's ejes, so ho can't see any thing." I don't mean to inttmato that any such thing happened Inthlacaso, but theso aro the facts hich 1 have upon authority that I do not doubt. So you seo wo get along nicely. Only let the Lcmmon case bo decided In favor of the right of the Southerner to bring hie slaves through this port, eo thatwc shall havo tho internal slave traJe hero too and really sic lomcthlng of the trade ludf. Thl living here and only fitting out the vessels, and rc eeiviog tho profits, I don't think la right. I would suggest itaa one step towards the rccstabllshment of tho Afrioan slave trade with this country, that our Southern brethren should pass a law, directing that tho vessels which are fittot out hero to carry slaves to Cuba, shall touch here on their way back ith thoir cargoes of "blackberries." It would perhaps help us towards getting truor Ideas of what Dr. Lord calls "Slavery ptr it.' Yours, te ALrilA. IcoRarsroxDKxCE or the rnzt rnras. NO. II. ArccsTi, Ga., Feb. 17, 1555 Mr. Editor Augusta is a city of considerable importance though not large. Situated at the head of steamboat navigation on tho Savannah, in the midst of a very fertile corn, cotton and timber coun, try, it forms the centre of a very extensivo trade, and is tho most convenient inland market for many miles around. It is attracttvo only as a business placo, since its position is low and unhealthy; so low that it la often overflown by tho river. No one therefore, resides hero except those ongagod in somo lucrative employment, and many of these have rcsi dences on the Sand Hills back from tho river. The Northerner entering the city at this season is apt to be unfavorably impressed with its appearance. Tho principal streets are broad and saudj , and the moro unimportant ones aro narrow and filled with rubbish and lined with old barns and stables ; and all the houses havo a dingy appearance .owing to tho incossant flying of dust. A slight acquaintance u) sucn impression. Ho has only to notleo tho numerous shade trees, which will soon bo covered with foliago,andtho gardens which aro even now anticipating sprinff. to he eonvin-a tbat this is a ptcasant city. Tho busy air worn by everything will also give him pleasure, and cs pecially will tho hospitality shown him by the inhabitants, many of whom aro from tho North, mako htm feel quito at home, It is said tho city has not aa yet fully recovered ita former activity aince the raging of the yellow fever last autumn. At that time every piaoo of business was closed and every dwolling deserted. For weeks the stillness of death reigned. On its first appcaranco the city was crowded with refugees from Charleston and Savannah, who with tho citi zens fled in all directions by thousands. and sought refugo in farm houses, in tenanticss dwellings, and even boneath the sheltering boughs of the pine forest. And even there the pestilence followed, and many, the most eager to escape it. fell victims. And after the danger had passed and the inhabitants had returned to their desolated city, a long timo neces sarily elapsed beforo busiaess was restored to its accustomcel channel. The " hard times" too, havo had their logitimato effect on everything here as well as elsewhere. The immediate cause seems to b. the extremely low price of ootton and lumber, which havo Induced growers to wlthholl their produce from tho market If these articles were now sold in a foreign market, as nsual, the specie returned and eent to tho north in pay for manufactured articles, it woulj tend greatly to relievo tho preasure there, but now spe cio is going out from tho north for imports whilo it fails to return into tho south for Its productions, Commerce is thereforo orippledand the resources of the whole oountry diminished. A Protective Tariff is, doubtless, tho required remoiy. Under the pres, cut tariff producers aro dependant on a foreign market. When this market is affected, as is now the case, by local affairs, thewholeconntrymnstrnffer, being dependent on producers for the infinx of specio. A Protective Tariff weald ereate a homo market, and thus enable na to livo within ourselves But tho faint prospeet of peaco in Enrope has al ready improved the price of cotton and better times aro now confidently anticipated. Manufacturing is carried on to some extent here. Thero is a large cottop factory in successful opera, tion In this place, carried by water taken from the Savannah some distance above and brought down in a canal in order to secure tho required fall. There Is also a paper mill near her. on a stream tributary to the Savannah. Doth of these aro worked by white operatives aud I believe conducted by north erners. A few miles from this placo on the Carolina side of the river, are numerous chalk hills," which are nearly valueless for farming purposes. But tie chalk is of great value in the manufacture of tho finest crockery ware. It la used by the company in Bennington, (Vt.) and active measures are now be. ing taken to commence the manufacture of crockery in this region. One of the most valuable of these hills" has already been secured, I understand, by a gentleman from Vermont, and it is believed it can be manufactured with far greater profit than at tho North The material will bo inexhaustible, wood much oheaper, and the climate moro favorable With such facilities for manufacturing, it would seem that South Carolina had little cause to How about receding on account ofa high tariff. Yours truly, E'JUIHTHIAN. AsTl-Lifltoit Law, On Wedm sd.iy of last week, a doen young men from Sutton, wero escorted to Shcifiold to bo tried Ivforo Wm. Chase, Esrp, for riotous proceedings n few nights beloro. All of them were found fullty, nnd a part upicaled. By way of ceiling up their courago during tho trial, ono of tliciii procured a quantity ol liquor, which ho dispensed so liberally among his comrades, that ono heenmo quito drunk, IIo was promptly arrested aud dotuincd tilt ho wus sober, w lieu ho was brought beforo Esquire Chito, und required to disclose from whom hq obtained the causa of his intoxication. At first ho utterly revised, butiiponbeingstarted for Danvillo Mil. his resolution cave way and ho mado n full disclosure. Tho amateur dealer in spirits was then arrested, brought Polore the samo magistrate, aim lull proul ol his guilt being made, ho was condemned to pay a lino of i 10 with posts of proseciftlon. Verily, in this ca, sentence ngainst nn evil vvurk was executed ..pi'ediiy. Culidoman. 17" Ei'iTvi'it. Tho following choice pro duction m ly bu found in one of tho N Jersey churcliynnU Weep, stranger, for a father spilled From a stage-c uch, and thereby killid. His name was John Kykes, ft maker of sassengers, Blala with three other outside passengers," ITIJMS AT HO.HI5 AMI AllItOAl). Tho Boston Cornier learns that the voluntary agreement mude by tho trus tees of tho Vermont Central Railroad, to sur render the management to tho Canada corpo ration, has fallen through, although the writ ten conveyance was at ono timu signed by Messrs. Lee, Smith and Eldridge, Tho Cana da corporation will thcrcforo tako legal pos session on tho 1st ol April, if tho arrears of rent nro not paid in the meantime. Thu floating debt or tho Central, including tho 0 per cent bonds duo January, lrou, which wero originally issued in payment of the "di vidend scrip," amounts to a little over .$500- 000, nnd the unpild courons nnd rent will soon bo about lis much more, mating thelia- bilitics ouUido or tho two mortgages $1,000- 000. Mr. Willard Tracy, orGotildsborough, Me., whilo crossing Big Yunk pond, wus chased by wolves, and in his hurry to escape, skated into a hole In the ice und was drowned. -Tho Students of A.D. Spaltcr's Institute, with tho pupils) of his public school, took an Excursion to tho City or ergennes, Thurs day 22,1 inst, Tho weather was mild and pleasant, and amid cheers nnd singing, de clamation and ft good dinner at Stevens's Hotel, tho day passed away witli good feeling and pleasant enjoyment all round. May it stimulate tho students to a moro fuithful im provement oT their timo and privileges, and prove a forerunner ol' like pleasant excursions to tho pupils of our privuto and public schools, hereafter. One of the Excursionists. Within the last tnH'Vs t,rdr plaints for illegal selling have been tried in Rutland. Fines nnd costs taxed tofivoliun- lrcd dollars or moro. 350 gallons or liquor have been destroyed. Ono respondent re' rusing to pay fines and costs, was committed to jail. Tho Rutland Herald says . "There seems at present ft determination on the part or the proper officers to prudently, moderately and yet resolutely to enforco the law wherever it shall bo known to bo violated. Will not tho public uphold them in so doing?" Of courso they w ill Tut Jail at Danville was found to he on l:ro on lianiei rioyu uio oniy prisoner in it, is supposed to havo set it on firo in hopes or es caping in tho conTusion, or hy burning a passage out iiirougn mo garret Tho smoke becamo suffocating and ho awoko tho i.tilcr bv a crv of firo. Floyd said that the origin oi acciuenuu. N. Y. Lloishicre The Temperance Hill This bill was passed through the House W ed nesday, by a voto or t0 to Ao. Gen. Hocston's Lecture on Slavery, seems to havo mado very littlo iprossion on tho Bostonians. arguments in lavor oi .oeuliar institution, were or tho most or dinary sort, and do not touch tho essential points or tho subject, either a& a moral or political ono. IIo condemned in most cm phatic terms tho violation or the Missouri Compromise by tho Nebraska bill. Great Fit Wheel. Thero is a fly wheel in use in tho Mersey Forgo for rolling boiler plates, which has a diameter or 35 foot und weighs CO tons, 21 of which nro in the rim. It was intended to make about 3S re volutions a minute, going ft velocity to the rim of about 4500 feet per minute. It is deemed safe to run it with a velocity or 14, 0C0 feet per minute nearly 160 miles an hour. It is supposed to bo tho largest fly wheel in tho world. Locomotives or remarkablo tractile power nro said to havo been contrived by tho Picdmonteso engineers Tor tho railways be tvvcen Turin and Genoa. Two locomotives joined together uud iliawinn train of six carriages weighing with their load oO tons each locomotive with its fuel and water weighing 22 tons, ascended a piano of IS3 feet rise in a mile at the rato or 19 miles an hour that too, when tho surface of tho rails was damp, Judge Edward G. Loring's appoint ment by tho President and Fellows of Har vard College, us a Lecturer on Law in that institution, was negatived last Thursday by tho Board of Overseers. The voto was 10 in favor and 20 against. A principal objection to him was his conduct as U. S. Commis sioner in tho Anthony Burns caso though thero wero some personal objections to hitu, it is said. There is an effort to havo him re moved also from the offico of Judge or Pro bate. AIIccePie. What did they cook it in' A pot pic, mndo ol' tho following mate rials, was manufactured on board of therrig ato Constitution nt Port Mahon, in 1b21, for a Christmas dinner . 151 turkeys, 50 pounds of fresh Pork, 40 lbs. salt pork. 1 bushel or onions, 5 lbs. pepper, li tibls. flour, and 50 gallons red wine. The First Babt. The Kansas Herald of Freedom of Jan 20th, suys, the first birth in that city, wns on the 25th of October lust. Tho Lawrence Association donated tho boy a a first class city lot, and named him Lawrcnco Carter, after tho city and his parents. We learn that tho little fellow is quito healthy, and is growing finely. An inventor proposes an apparatus to warm Railroad cars by steam, conducted in pipes ftom tho locomotive It would do Erst rate on down grades. On long, up-hill grades and with snow on tho track, tho locomotive is often put to it to get steam enough for its own use. Accident at West Point. At tho West Point Military School, Cadet E. Gay, from Vt., had his leg badly brokcp in a cav airy exercise. His horse swerved when going at full speed for a leap over the bar in the riding hall, and turning round met another horse und rider, also at Ml speed. Cadet ChiliU, tho rider of the latter horse, was nUo brought to the ground, and severely stunned. The Legislature of Michigan haspass- ed a law which provides for tho trial by jury to any slavo claimed j rob i Lit 6 the use or jails to retain fugitives, nnd requires that tho Prosecuting Attorney of each county shall, upon request, givo aid and counsel to any such fugitivo slavo. The Buoivn Paiters. It appears that tho persons who wero about to bo sent back to Belgium by tho New York Mayor, under the allegation that they wero paucrs or criminals sent out at Government expense, nre not guilty of boing cither, and nro releas ed hy order of tho Judge. CoLonm Pti:o.s in Cars. In Brook. lyn, recently, a colored woman named Jen nings, n teacher in ono of the Brooklyn pub lic schools, entered near to ride lo church. Tho conductor put her oll'.and Mrs. Jennings sued tho company for damages, Tho Judge charged the Jury, that tho company wero lia ble for tho acta of their agents ; that colored persons, it' sober, well-behaved and Treo from disease, had the same rights as others, and could not bo legally excluded by any rulo of the company, not by force or violence. Tho I ury give her $',), tow hi llCd ten per cent., besides th Inch the Court ad- per cent., ncttdea the costs. L I'll VRiv.vni, a Paris journal, con tains a spirited engraving, representing the Emperor Nicholas as a inemher of th Peaco Society, ottering his Vienna prupositiuiiii for peace. Ho wears tho coat and slouched hat of a quakrr, and from under tho coat in all 1 directions may ln seen emerging more than thirty muzliM of Cult's revolver's This is Charivari's opinion in crayon of tlio Emperor Nicholas' peace Intentions, Suicides. Wo regrot lo learn that Mr. Frederick Benjamin or Springfield, formerly or this town, put a period t his existence on the 18th Inst., by hanging Mr, Benjamin was about fifty years of ngc, man of respectable property, good habits, und well respected by nil his aiquaintonce. IIo had been for somo timo apparently in a gloomy state of mind, nnd his intellect" prob ably became JJMrdred. On tho saiirTd.iy Mr. William L. '.jman, ol Rnyalton cainu to his death the jury of inquest found " by hanging Mth his own hand", between thu'hours of half past twelve and hair pnst two in t'.o afternoon," IIo had necn very much trouoicd nnout his pecu niary matters, and for some days much de jected, apparently suffering great mental affliction. lt'oorfs(o-i Mercury. A young mnn has been peddling books In Greenfield, und offering to each persona ticket in n gift littery to bo drawn in Fitch burgh. A uounnitt was sent to Fitchburg to see fair play and blingbaek the Prices. IIo brought bneV, for the benefit of the twenty ticket-holders, four jack-knifes and thrco port monnaies. i Thn) 630,000 in bad bills found upon Dripgs, tho coiuiterlcitcr lately arrested in Chicago nnjr said to huvo been genuine l' upon good eastern banks, altered by the split ting and pouting rocess to tens, twenties nnd hltie". 11c (i probably the agent ot a gong or counterfet'.tirs. (i:xra-jiip',rl.ino writing from an old English novel. "Our hero then turned, and touching nts leu mnn to me snoumcr oi his horse ho roso per) e.idiiulnrly, liko a pyramid or lire, nni I nguin descended on his seat, as a flake or mow on n rose bud Ho then touenca ins white wand to the neck or his steed, who instantly mounted the air, liko a winged Pegasus ; while the Duchess cmJ out, think ing her Hurry a gone man ; but he rctuimd as composed as though ho was seated on a bed of cotlon." ll.i.vas r.Mion.vTioN. Many emigrants nre expected to go to Knnzas from New Eng- lanu us spring oj ens. cevv-riu jHiuitauio i-j lcavo Boston and Maine. The Siringticld Jlipuldican thinks oOO emigrants will go from New llampshiro during the season, and tho Luwell courier talks oi scnaing enougu irom tbat city to lound a young Lowell. NrrortsM. The 6tato of Maine says . Of six Professors and Tutors of Bowdoin College appointed within the last four or five years, lour lutvo been eons oi i roiessors or oi .'iem- bers or the Board of Trustees countmc euch appointment soperatcly. Ono Tutor and ono I'rolessor are me same porson. Imire. m'a Statistics. The number of languages stoken throughout the world in 8.001 ;' of wliif h 587 ure in Europe, k in Asia, 270 in Africa, nnd 1,204 in America. The inhabitants of tho globo profess moro than 1,000 different religions, There aro nearly as many males as lemules. The mean duration of human li to is 2S years. One fourth part or all children dio beloro thn ago or 7 years. The population or tho globe is estimated at nearly 1,000,000,000, or whom about one-third dio every ten years. Or more than 40 each second. There are raoro dcattT and births in tho night thun in the day. Tun bids for tho loan or one millon of dollars payable in 1S73 at 6 per cent, for the purpose ol the N. Y. canal enlargement, wero oponed yesterday by tho Commissioner or the Canal Fund. Thero were 56 bids, amount ing, in tho aggregate, to over S4.000.000. Ol tho whole amount gGS2,000 was taken at and above 13 per cent, premium, and tho remainder, 318,000, at and abovo $112,76 a nnvMUG cokc.ncrcm, cv " When is a broker," queried Jimmy Grimes. " Liko to a vagrant in tho olden times V D'ye give it upt Well, when by fortune's shocks, The poor unfortunnte gets stuck in stocks " " Morovn EoujiD Again! Wo wonder I now many tunes mat nas Happened, xne following is the last. Barnum had better senda special messenger and securo him for his Museum IIo would make his fortuno by tho operation. Wo wonder ho never thought or euch n speculation. Morgan rcdivivus, would bo wortli a dozen Mermaids or Joico Heths. The Masonic Mirror publishes a story to the effect that Mtrgin.who, it was said, was murdered bv tho Free Masons, for disclosins their secrets, has been found in Smyrna in j Turkey that ho now goes hy the namo or Mustapha, and is engaged in teaching tho r.nglisli language. Tlio authority given for his report is one Joseph A. Bloom. Accord- ing to the Mirror, Bloom met Morgan at a house in Smyrna, to whom tho latter gavo a detailed account of hisadventurcs. It is sta ted that Morgan loft tho country in tho ship Hernne, vv Inch sailed from Boston to Smyrna, und belonged to tho firm of Landon Co. Iho Captain's namo was Welch. News of the Week BIT TELEGRAPH TO THE FREE PRESS. New York, Feb. 22. The Washington correspondent of the Courier e Enquirer, telegraphs that an ar rangement is in progress for affixing to tbs general appropriation bill anaamcndment re ducing the duties on wool, chemicals, dyci and raw granting a credit or 3 years on railroad iron. It is now ono hundred and eleven days since the sloop o( war Decatur was lust heard from, and fears for her safety are increasing. Boston, Feb. 22 The Stockholders of tho Manchester and Lawrence Railroad at the meeting yesterday, turned out tho old board of Directors and elected a new reform ticket. They also ordered tho old President Mr. relund $20, 000 of their funds which he had illegally in vested. Tho details of European news state that Franco and Austria are now concerting measures tho former to march 100,000 men to tho borders of Russia the latter total the field with 600,000. Washington News. Washington, Feb. 23. The Senato yesterday passed a vote, 23 to 13, not to rcrer a petition presented by 'Mr. Chaso in reference to the repeal or tho rugi tivo slavo law and extension or slavery. They tabled the petition. The railroad iron credit bill was passed, 25 to IS. Tho bill for tho final settlement of the claims oT the officers or I 'he revolutionary army and of tho widows and orphans of thoso who have died in the service, passed, 20 to 15. A joint resolutions appropriating $200,000, to completo tho Washington monument was presented. Many deeired to put it on its passago but several objections prevented it. Nonntor Houston in Dostoa. Boston, Feb. 23. Senator Houston mado a speech here last night, defending slavery, beforo an immensa audience. To-day he has been a guest of the City and State authoiities, Mninn Nominations. Tho Maine Stato Republican Convention at Augusta, Thursday, was largely attended harmonious and enthusiastic A, P. Morril was re-nominated for Governor. li. . Nominations in Connecticut, The street rumor at Hartford is, that Wu, T. Miner, of Stamford, was nominated for Governor, and Wm. Field, or Pomrret, for Lieut. Governor, by tho Know Nothing Stato Convention. Boston, Feb. 21. Temperature. Tho thermometer was only G above zero in Boston this rooming. At somo neighboring towns it was at zero. At Cleveland, Ohio, it was from 14 to 19 below zero. Washington-, Feb. 23d. Jnckson'a Sword. Messrs. Cass of Mich, and Bell of Tcnn. will on Monday next present to Congress the sword worn by Gen. Jackson nt New Orleans. Tnilll' Amendments. In the llouso Mr. Edgerton, or Ohio, of fered nn amendment to tho Appropriation Bill.refunding duties on Kailrond iron perma nently laid down between June, 1853 and July, ISSti. Mr Letcher ol Vu. offered us a substitute lor Mr Edgcrton'e amendment Mr

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