Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 4, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 4, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS uORUOII BB!?*ETT, PBOVRIETOR AND OMTOE Unci *. w. ooixn or wahsto and fcltoh errs. fHJtJMS i'niA ??. HUB DAIL V HERALD 1 . ?nt* per -?py-97 per i??. THi- H EEKL V UERALD rrrry .?t i>V? >???? |rr <?f>y, *r t3 per muum; IV Europe, in c'.itton M <?????? ?l in u> itty ^irl of Ore it Britain, i? i $6 my pi"' */ ?b Co.iriifc-nl, tofA 10 <?./u It pott 'fit , il l LETTERS by MM for SuUcH/fient or toith At+r r Mil i ii f la t< poil y w lA? i?<w? 'ye Viil W /r?*, ?k mvh, y r cnntt?>i. 90LVSTAU > tORMKSPONDVfiCE, .??< liniai/ Ut/w? - |?l unri, *>li ilfl from ij>v a/ ?A? uurU? u>?>i Mil te ^ V ?*' A?r Or n Poubi.n I'onnnu. n?Tt AH* u*(ic x?iii.? '.ku<i??T?i> r? hal ?i.i, h 1 1 >? *itn c*r??t???nir <>? NO NOTICE ( 'A* '? j*u>xr mom CemmuniratiiMu. kVe do ?? return ihote reject*!. JOB I'RISTiy'U * witA i? ifiKtt, cheiputn, an J Am ?frA. JDtK*T/S?llfiNT? i>?nni*d mrv lay. v?liuuc il !?o73I AMB&KmKNTS To-WODK^W BVENLNQ. MOaOAH THKAi'tttt BiOkdwAV "Cibdbbbli-A Ai Uaa as Two Pi ah. Mfrtil TdBATaiC Bowsry? I ??i.A!?d a*i> iMtnip* -IliiH Know Aonune uvr Jai.? Caddy Mil.A 3jv. ?JRl'ON'a rHEArAB, CLkiabcri ?vr??V-F?sriJOa - Vmut J AMU. Sf A.I.I.AC*"* VHEATRE, B' otiway? Tow * asd Cous nt-Tiit Chitio. ME '.'AO > i'i 1 1 Ah, Bro?i<r?j Im*?rRiAi? #m>UBMA!?CXS. AMEA IOA> ? ffR'FOIJ - Ai'irnooo? Ambboic Jwikbtt Bminr UuMiu B.-.aoh Eim Susa-v. WOOD 8 MINSTREL?, K?:hftn!ct> H?ll, 473 Brcidw?j . ?IJCKB?r OPtRA HOC8E, S3? 6?o?Jw??-Bro? Hit Sthiovia* Utha T?oi;ri ' ?0NALD9ON S OPERA HOCsE? Hopo ChAr?I, 718 an* tW Brv?'Jw?y. TO-MUIIT. METROPOLITAN THK.t THE ? Svhdat Coscbbt. lew York, Samlny, Krbraury 1, 1835. The Vtwu. The debate noon the Uuitfd 3f.a\<iB B^natorsYip tc the New York As^emby was resumed yesUird*y, and continued thr jughout .he ses^i'm *<rith uafi&g ging interest. We refer onr readers to a repo t of the discussion under ths p opar head. In the Ben&te the resolnt on of inquiry an to the authority by which Mr. Clonus Dunlap act# as Commsaionar ?f Koi'g ation, was discussed and laid on the table. Oar Washington correspond nt at ites that Dallsy Mans, our p^ramauIaMng B^crota.-y of 3;iV?, has MAigned hie ofHoe, a'.lowiog th; P<?<idan' uatil the lift cf March to (el-ct hla anicm-or. The recent ebarge in the f n-ign po iny of the admluUtration is BB^igned ?s tbe raisin for Mr. Slaan'u reaigaation. Tte United State* 3eaa*:e vis not in eas'i >n yes terday. In the H rnse the thir^y-aix private bills Bcttd in in C mm ttee of the VV^ole the diyprs *Una ? ere taken np and pawed, in commlttoe, the bill ex'encing Colo.iel Cilt's firearm patent seven years waa taken up. Onr readers &re well arare of tbe charges or' bribiry aad c rraption that hare been alleged agaiiat ibe par.'e^ iaterested in t&is ?easnre, and aU>o tna1 a special cotn<nitr?e was ap pointed at the last aet-slon of Congress to lnves'igi^e and tepo t upon these chirgea. Tais ccmnit. tee rt|.or*oJ in part near the close of the last aattlon, and mineaUd and ob abed leave to watifine their Lt?iuiry. Biuce then nothing his been beard from t:em, and the bill no* c;m>3 ap in the regular ordtr of business. Mr. Pratt endorsed the honorable character of CoL Colt, . ud Kta<ed tnat there was not the /-lightest particle ?f nuth in tbe charges alleged agaiast him. All tbat Mr. Cjlt requirei is, that Cong):e.s3 will give its epini n on the bill one way or another. Mr. Letcher, ebalrtaan ?># the Sale t Commit eo, would not sty 1bat Mr. Co't had acted improperly, as at the time be appeared before tbe Committee of Inqiiry hewn dtuik. The testimony taken would sio*, he Bald, thit Mr. Colt bad no definite idea of the ex jeadi teres cf his agent. Tic assertion relative to Hr. Coo * intox causn wus confirmed by Mess'-s. K IJy, Ruffln, Zodic Q't,u7h1 Eliot, but neither impeac 2<kl hfe fx nor and integrity. Mr. E igertoa male a long s|H(('h in favor of the p*'<ent, and gave a history o tbe Kiecrs Mr. Colt has sastained in |<ertecttnj his Invention; but before concluding his remarks the ?omBittee rase and the H kho ad.i nrncd. Tbe political qnack doctors of I?tn aiiay Hill, wbo nave recent'y organized on awo:i i'i>a on tbe itopetinary piinci jle, with the hunttie d sign of be* ing all the old sore*, ruptures aad llr Azures , simple and conpounl, thit a(Ti.:t the deaixritic party of this B ate, are to hold a g-aud fniion da HBi ration meeting on the 7th of next nnati? jut at the proper t'.me to ratch a faw ol' the str ?y sticks of politiial timber that will float hit >er fa d from Washing oa upon the b'eak ag up of C>a (ics*. Toe whole ''strength of the ompmy'' will M doubt be br ingbt ont, in order to insure a full bcuse, (anion or co fn-ion. T e stales of cotton oa the xpot yehtsrd&j rea hod 1,006 baks, at the extreme range of prices. Pr ivi ?w?re without change of mm^nt, with a fair at of sales. Flour aoll to a moderate eitsat, both to the home trade and for ax port, a*, ah >nt the same rater. Whits ? iuthsru wheat ajld a 42 20, sod co. at 12 12, aad white Mlohtgau at |2 40. Corn was ecarce, and oolyoce cargo of g>oi Siuthera jtliow sod afloat. at $1. Sigara we e more a:tive, and 1,600 hbds. New Orleans and 200 do. Cuba we.e ?old a'-eteaey pti :es. In freights, floor wa<* engaged it 1>. 61. lor Liverpool, iri'.h 1,000 a 1,200 b^xoa bacon, and some lota beef u'ad park, at prcriias rates. AVut Un voih Ih w^re np for Californ a, two of which ?ere recently on, and the teui Under were adran ed in load i g. We g ve eUe where so uo addition il ex'.riftU from Mr Cali/orn'a fi ca received by the Soar of the Weat, am:ng which will be found a portioa of Governor Bigler's message, relating to tbe iiaaacee of the Htae, the condition and prospect* of tiie Klnes, and the fx ports cf gold d'ist during the past year. Amoig onr extracts wi 1 also ba f ound siruo interesting statistics made up at tha clot) of the year. The whale number of deaths in this c'ty durlog the p?t?t wctk, accordkg to the officii! report of the Oty Inspector, was 511, viz.: 87 men, ;?5 womca, 178 girls and 157 boys, showing an increase of 71 over the mortality ot the week pravions. Tfiis - *4iWea?) is m?itil> comphvuU of the throat and kragf, diseases of the stomach and Invels, aud Stillborn ehldr. n. There were 0 dra'h* of a p ip! oxy, 19 cf bronchit Is, 5 of congestion of the lungs, ill of ooaanmptlon, 55 of ir.fl mmitlon of the iuugs 7 of ooogestion of the b ale, 1# of ilanlio-a, 21 o? dropsy |B the be id, 10 of dj ?'entery, 14 f typhnifcve', 7 of disease of the heart, II of inll immalion of tho brain, 7 o( pft'sy and 2 of smallpox ? the firs' oaaea of thin disa?e reported for several weeks. Ttcre were 11 deaths from cx'ernij sal violent causes. Of the total of daaths :i23 were children under ten jo n of ags, a d ?>f this ?umber 41 died of convuUiocs, 17 of croup, 10 of lability, 34 of scarlet fever, fl of h>ofiog ciujh, 20 ot marssrnu*, 8 of m?aslei, and 3 of telling There were also 7 premature biiths. a-d 34 cas?s of stillborn. The following Is the clMsflea'iO# of , dtn'ase*:? Bwe*, Jiints, ,\c., 4; brain and nerval, 108; generative argans, A; hea t and bhod vessels, 14; hings, throat, Ac., 1W| old age, 4, ?km aid eruptive fevers, 4T?; stillborn and pirmatnre births, 41; stomach, (towels and other digestive f>r?* uw 7?; uncertain s at and general fevers, 39; urinary organ*, 2. There were ICS deaths in the puu'i. in. atttotions? W5 at the Kiulgiatt Hospital, and 1 1 at the AhB'howc. The caMv.ty table gives "1- in ttvea of the United atVes, 7H of Ireland, ?'.i of <jotataay? 9 of Kb>,1 ind, and the halaace diitrihu'ad ?km| various Rurnptaa countries. the United Btatet frigate 8 thine was lnutc *xi from tbe Brooklyn N ivy Yard ye<t?r l?y forcamn. Aa aooonnt of the *p? tile, au>l s history of tha vttM\ which dates bsek as far a* 1823, is given I otMwbare. Wa publish to-day letter* fron our c irrosp > .dcata m\ jbrriabarg, PhiiaUclybia, l.tneaster, Chicago, Wheeling, Jacksonville and Boitin. Tuey coital ? vtrtoty of aarful and ioterast'og infortnVi n rc m . ?I ?pec ting politic j av.d social movements. We also give the tetien^ receded by the lwt steamer from our PatUi v a eii<ood?ntfl, and aa article fron a I.oui'on ]o-4jntj on the Sound duties of the DaaIb1) govern a) question that la ocoopytng the eir nttit al luvion of ci'mmerolitl men la b>th hemir Ph? r ard whl h it dot a subject of investigation W>'i ?aqni y 1b Congress. A m fs meeii. g of woik'nfmen was bekl In', tight In Hfs*er street, to heai th* repn t of <*ci a mittce wbo bud b en teat to Was Jagtoo t3 ugsoa Congress tbe proprety if takiog nx-atarf* for the immediate rtlief of th? un* mplojed. Ttn comn t tet m?d? their re oit t^rou*1' M'. John Commar fold, who d-ul'ed at some ecgth <ha result of ?>!?? iitfivio?fi wi'h t e P esldent aod a- venl membira tfC<ngr<s?. He wan wtll received, bat nothing w?s r< ne. It *111 be seen that tt? resolutions out > f it President Puree. 1'be outline of a new polltt c?) or(.ut'z?tinn wa< presented, aod * sun^s of i?o tores ai d other means of infloenciag tha publ c d> to mined on. Tne st*iia)?btp Uolon, from Havre and C iwes, arrive t at ?nto port 1 ut nig 'it. flie lefc the lat'.er port on the 18ch nit. A fi e occurred at No. 123 Varlck sireet Us1, n'gbt, during wbicb one of the Inontea of the dwelling, nennd Mrs. Belien, was bnroed to death. An account of this dreadful catiatroyhe La given <loe?lere. Progim of Democracy In Rarope. The Africa brings as news of the submission to the Spanish chum hers of the Dew constitu tioD. It is si ri kingly democratic in its charac ter : ItB essential teanircs being liberty of con science and of the press ; estabhs bment of tho national guard ; annual meetings of the Cortes; abolition of confiscation and capital punish ment tor political offences ; subjection of the army to the control of the representatives of the pe< pic ; and the ripht of the Cvtes in C4?e ot need to appoint a regent for the kiugdom It is assuredly difficult to conceive a monarchi cal const itatiou more republican in it* charac ter than this. The measure of authority which is left to tho monarch is hardly worth mention iojr. Spain has been loDg aiming at democracy. As fur back at tho reigns of the two last Oar loses, ihe populace of Madrid, Barcelona. Cadiz and o?her large cities, was noted for its turbu lent and riotous character. On several occa sions it forced the court to bend toi's will; and once even threatened the throne itself. When tho wretched Carlos and still more wr tched Ferdinand threw themselves into Napoleoi's arms, the "common people" of the Spanish cities sternly refused to submit to the French yoke, fttid gave Joseph Bonaparte und the ge nerals plenty of work. Duriug the long wars which followed, there was scarcely less sympa thy between the French troops and the Spanlsn populaco than between the latter and their English allies. The British sought to roplace the Bourbons on the tbrono ; the Spaniards dematded democ-atic liberty. It was in the n>idat of this collision of interests that the democratic constitution of 1812 was promulgati d. This charter guaranteed political and individual liberty ; but as a*, that time, the great danger to be apprehended seemed to l>e the central zatfan of power in the c ipitil ? which bad ruined the French republic ? the Spaniards sought, at Cadiz, to guard against this peril by investing the communal govern ments with unusual powers. In seeking to avoid one mistake they fell iuto the opposite one. I Their communal govcrnmcuts were little inde pendent p -wers, whi) did nothing bat quarrel together atd thwart each other. At Ferdinand's restoration, he would havs nothing to Bay at first to the constitution of 1812, and Ftrovo for a long time to govern on tbe plan of h-s ancestors. Finding this would not ans^br. and terrified by the outbreak of In surrections, he consented in his falB<?, cowardly, treacherous way to accept the democratic char ter of Cadiz, and formal iy promulgated it in ibe towns. This did not prevent his doing his bi st. to nullify its provisions until the French, under the Dulc^ d'Angouleme, cam? to his as sistance, and he could venture to trample his oa'h aid the charter under foot toge'her. For fourteen years the Spanish democracy was silent and powerless. During th? last half of this period, civil war raged and served as a safety-vent for the animal spirits of the patriots But in 18:$7, the liberals who supported Isabella's claims forced Queen Christina to resnscHate and coDllrm tbe charter of 1812 at La Gratija. This con ception to tbe progres-istaa led ultimately to the revolution of 1843, when the liberal con stitution was again altered or rcvokod, aud Narvae i succced? d Espartero in power. From 18 1.1 up to the present time, democratic theo ries have been contraband in Spa'n. They are now revived, it seem*, by the Espartero min:s try, and are in a fair way of again becondng part of the law of the laud. Simultaneously with this progress of de mrcracy in Spain, a most startling change is taking place In tbe tone of public sentiment in England. The striking freedon of the British press has already attracted much atten tion in this country. Partly in cou?e<iaence of the fermentation of animal spirits conse quent upon the war. and partly from the con spicuous incapacity of the present ml-istry, the press has in fact taken the control of affairs out of the hands ol the government. and is driving before it Queen, Cabinet, Parliament and peoplo in headlong confusion. This s?n pendens power is lieing u-ed by the London Tint* for the interests of the democracy, nnl to oppose and as?ail the nobles. Already wo Lave seen the Tuius expose the pitiable mean ness of tbe rulo of the Horso Guards which fi.rbidii general* from noticing in their d* ;a patches the bravery or good conduct of private roldicrs. Passing from this to other branches of the military service, it has attacked with proper virulence the absurdity of the present sj item of favor, pa'ron igc and purchase by which commissions in tbe British army are obtained, and shown how the democratic plan on vliich tbe French army is managed i" the irne and only ca;i?e of the great superiority of Cunrobrrt'i forcc to Lord Kaplan's. Those are niily two poii ts: m-uiy others might bo men tion* d, which indicate1 most plainly the power ful democratic tcndcncU s of the leading organ of Brlti h opinion. Nor is the phenomenon wholly confined to , Ecglnrd. in Frareo and C? rmany similar, tl onpli less decided s> mptom-of a rtniti.i*nnrr of C( inocraey have bo n maciftstad. Since the 1 nor began, tlio tone of tho pre-s both at Paris and in Germany has been freer thun it ever wa 18IK It is clear in fact that nil over Europe a J lowerful sni ttriateon picecs" i? going ot, dl#? J gnisrd here io the shape of n foreign war, there . in that of civil dl.-fei f Ion lint tending every wl ire to tho CrtahUabnttnt cf republican theo ries if tot republican institutions. Should peace mp'rvcte in the East, fe>r in-tanc?, the Western government* would noon find their handa full it home. In fengland people wonld call for a reconstruction of toe army on a sound and (sensible basis, no regard being paid to wtaltb or rank, but merit being the only banis for promotion. In France the army which nt-ut?lly tukes a leading part in Fren h revolu tioi s would cull for a free press; and tbe Em peror would be forced to grant It. Some of tbe ot uv cratic needs scattered by this war would take root in Germany, and there n^ain we should find them springing up. In Spain the government itself would have found itself obliged to take the initiative iu granting democratic institution* to the na tion. All over the continent, the proclama tion of would be but the signal for civil war. The Cht vallcr Wlkoir? Ills Public Career as ShoiTinan, JoarnalUt and Diplomat? The Kiw York Herald and the Loudon Tlmca. The official certificates brought Forward by tbe Chevalier Wikoif, in the " lamentable comedy "of bis adventures with Mips Gamble, establishing bis late diplomatic association with Lord Palm* ret on, have proved to ba exceed ingly perplexing to the incredulous directory of the London Timet. Thoy aro evidently dis cussing a mystery in discussing Wikoff, or Nichoff, as they blunderingly Russianize him; and yet, in tacking him on to the New York Bf.haxd as an editorial diplomat of the Czar, they betray a knowledge of the real character of the Chevalier, which could hardly have been derived from conjecture. They must have seen their man, or consulted H. U. Addingtoa, or Mr. Bates, or the diplomatic Mrs. Grote, or, peradventnre, the cruel and intractable Miss Gamble herself, in anticipation of the " Court ship and its Consequences." In order, bowevtr, to enlighten our London co temporaries respecting the diplomatic office of Wikoff under my Lord Palmerrtton, and his present alleged engagement in Ne<v York as an emissary of Russia, we deem it worth the candle to give on outline of his whole public career, from his departure hence beyond the ecus, some twenty odd yeara a^o, with a for tune in his pocket, in quest of adventures, down to the unlortunate issue of his Italian cam paigns in pursuit of the hand, or " half tho income,'- oi the incomprehensible and inflexible Miss Gamble. Some twenty odd years ago, then, the Che valier Wikofl', of Philadelphia, possessed of a ccllegiate education, a fortune, youth, a pood figure, talents, confidence, ambition, and a tlx d resolution to enjoy himself and make a noiso in the wor d, went over to Europe. After a time he returned, bringing with him the embodi ment of a prodigious sensation iu the person of Fanny Elsslor. Under hia managerial protec tion she danced all over tbe United States ? creating a perfect furore, and coining money by thousands in every enraptured city. It is difficult to say. even now, when the softening influences of time ought to injure an impartial judgment ? it h hard to say whether the glori ous legs of Fanny, the dangeusc, or tho won derful \oice of Jenny, the nightingale, carried off the premium in this country, iu public en thusiasm We rather think that Wikoff aad Fnnny were the more rapturously received, wliiio, owing to the subsequent discovery of the California gold mine*, just in the nick of time for the nightingale, we guess that Baruum and Jenny gathered up much the larger contribu tions of solid cash. This victorious enterprise wi(b "tho Elssler" givcB uh the first professional vocation of Wi [ kofl'. It was the profession of a showman, u la Baruum, an<l had fce been equally successful in hiB subsequent characters of journalist, diplo mat, and lover, be might now be the envied master c( a winter palace in Paris, a summer villa on Lake Cnmo, "a "hooting box on the Upper Siusissippi," and the happy husband of tlie lot heiress, with all her income, said to be not Ices than the interest of ouc hundred thou sand pounds sterling. But in dropping the nhowman to become jouraallst, Wikoff com mitted a fatal blunder, llis success with "the Eltsler;' indicated hU proper calling; and he should have followed jl up, as B*rnum did his Kuropeun mission with Torn Thumb, with other attractive novelties ai-d colcbntie*. Barnnra pcted wisely. lie hal dabbled a little in jour m-lbm himself, but it was not his calling, and be abandoned it. W ikofT should have done the fame thing. Pity he didn't. He bccnroc n journalist. He set up a demo- . orotic pnper in New York, but It fell through. ' l)>nocratic party papers always do fall j through in New York. lie next tried the higher branches of his party politic* in i Ih i Dtmorratic .Monthly lit ri-tc. But tnat, | too. proved a Icing investment, and he sold , the concern at a sacrifice. N.jxt, we believe, ; be made a datliing experiment in the mercati J tile line, tinder the attractive title of the C<in j ton Tea Comply; but for the waut of a good ; ag< nt at Canton, or some other cause, this en | terprisc aho proved n failure. j But our elastic ond ambitions Chevalier was Eot the roan ''to give it up so." Ia 19-l'J the reaction from the European rcvol.itionarj re vulsions nf 1818, opened up an inviting field for extra diplomacy at London and I'aris, com prehending the newly developed important re* laliorstif the Old Wovld with the New. This' was. peihnps. t*'e true ti<d#lor the talents, ex- j pirience. and sagacity of Wikoff? the field of supplemental diplomncy. So he reappeared in Europe ; and having previously visited Leuls Napoleon in his prisma at Ham, as ur-ym ! pathizer in bis mi^f*. ltunes. tho Chevalier had secured a frier>d of tee first imjwrtiince for his diplomatic debut. 1J? commenced writing on j t political affairs, in th" French journals, in con nection with the political institution-* of the | United Stales ami the policy cf France, keep ing his eye upon Louis Napoleon. lie wjw in- I trodnc' d, at Paris, to tbo British legation, and j frcm bis flattering representations to them of the ; I folicy of mannfnctnringpnMic opinion through tbe newspaper pre.-? on both fides of the At- j ; 'antie. in beholf of more intimvte rebit oris of friendship between France, England and the ; i United States than existed, he w?s commended ; to the special nttentio'i of Lord i'almerston. 1 He crowed tbe chnnml accordidsjy, h id one or , several cor.fWi n'ial interview" wi?h l,?l'n?,fi,ton j nt bi? eonr.try seat of liroadlan^s, and the re- | suit wns. as we understand it, the employment of our Chevalier by tbe British Foreign OIBca, ! nt tire hundred pounds a jejr, to wri?o for the j lu.wfpnper press ? Engli.-h, French and Arri"ri can? in funheiacee of the bcncficent object of everlasting friend-hip beta-c m Franco,' Eogland ' n.d <be United States. )n this philanthropic field of da'y. Wikoff, we believe, brongbt cnt a serlss of diplomatic es saj s and arguments In Jm Frr?*r at P.iri*. and in a paper or two at New Orleans and else where. Posa'.Wy he may have over-colored the I importance of this novel element of diplomacy ? possibly, in an innocent way. be may have ex pgerated the weight of his personal Infla- 1 esce over the public journals of the Unit d States. Whatever may be the facta, the esca pade with Miss Gamble, and its unbappy de nouement, abruptly closed these diplomatic newspaper luuctions of Wikoff, and threw him at length again upon the world, coos derabty out of pocket, but with much additional useful experience in the fickleness of fortuoe and the ui certainties of heiresses and international newspaper diplomacy. Successively a showman, a journalist, a di plomat, and a lover in pursuit of an heiress, to a dungeon, Wikoff, like gold refined by fire, emerges at last in the pleasing rdl* of the laugh ing philosopher. His "courtship" has also opened a new mine for fame aud fortune. It sells better thanBarnumor Greeley? much bet ter. Barnum's book is excessively vulgar? the worst of bis humbugs; Greeley's is flat aad stale; but WikoffV courtship is piquant, rom in tlc, and rich in the caprices of lovers, aod the mysteries of the see ret service fund of the Fo reign Office. Another book, however, may soon be exp? cted from our laughing philosopher, es pecially devoted to his diplomatic career ani services under the auspices of Louis Napoleon and Lord Palmerston. Wi'h the publication of this book our mysti fied London co temporaries will probably dis cover the exact extent of WikofTs alleged edi torial relations at this time with the Nkw York Heiilld a? a Russian emissary. The Czir, we ore quite sure, will not object to the disclosure, and we desire it. It is quite likely that the IIkrald was included in the diplomatic pro gramme with Lord Palmerston, though we con ftss that we have had as yet no information from either Wikoff or Mr. Addington upon the subject. Enough. We hope that the foregoing (ketch of the public history of the author ot the "Courtship," in the interval to the publication of his diplomatic engagements and services un ci er Palmerston and Louis Napoleon, will serve to quiet the apprehensions of the London Times concerning the present alleged copartnership of JameB Gordon Bennett, the Emperor Nicho las and the Chevalier Wikoff in the editorial management of the New York Herald. What is the latest from Scbastopol? General Wilson, of MASPAcnrsErrs, still an Abolitionist. ? What Sat the Know No things ? ? Head the proceedings, in another part ot this paper, of a late anti-slavery meeting in Boston ? the speech of Anson Burlingame, and its full endorsement by General Henry Wil son? and it will be manifest to every mind that the first man elected by the Know Nothings to the United States Senate is the most fana tical and implacable abolitionist over sent to that body. He endorses all that Garrison or Abby Kelly Foster could urge in opposition to Southern slavery, excepting the immediate dissolution of the Union. What does this mean? It looks like an al liance between the Kuow Nothings and the abolitionists. Is it so? What says the State Council of Massachusetts? Let them speak, or forever hereafter keep to the north of Mason k Dixon's line. The case looks as bad for the Know Nothings as Seward's re-election. In connection with it, if eflccted, this manifesto of Wilson as the Senator of the Massachusetts Kuow Nothing, make* tl>om ? pcci'oaal party at once. The South can have nothing to do with them. The Know Nothing State Coun cils of the North must speak on the slavery question, or be ruuked with the anti-slavery coalition. They must repudiate Wilson, or be thtmselves repudiated. The existence of the Know Nothings as a national party hangs npon this question of slavery. Their first elected Senator is a boastful abolitionist of the Gidding* stripe. Is he a good aud ac cepted Know Nothing, or has be deceived them? The Presidency is cloned to the order if they permit this Wilson to stand as their exponent in the Senate at Washington. His manifesto will bo a bombshell in Virginia. Let Henry A. Wise road it to the people as the pioclamation of the Know Nothing Senator elect from Massachusetts to the South. What say the Massachusetts State Council, and other Northern Councils? If they are in league with the anti-slavery factions, their race is run. the latest news. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPH!. lm(ioiiant from Washington. RE6IGNATIOI1 OF bt DLRY MAKW, AHSINTaNT OCU TART OF STATU. W.MHIISOTON, Keb. 3, 1856. It b*K tranapired that A. Dudley Mann has re?l<n(> 1 Ilia position an AiMitan4. Secretary of State, to take effect any time before the flrat of Murch. It la under atood bin resignation grow* out of tbe S>u!. atlair, the Oatcnd contort nee, ?n l the changed policy of the ad miclFtrat on a* regard* Cuba. The Preaident does not ?i-h t ) aeeept Mann'* resignation; but *o far, tbe latter is Ctm in hi* deteirolnation. Wabhisotox, Fob. C, :83... , COLLECTOR llDimv'a MBHIONATION APPOINT ? HUNTS- TUB MECHANllV INSTITUTE MIIIBITION'. Die Metropolitan Mechanic*' Institute KiblMtion, opening on Thursday next, la everflowing with goiji more elegant ami numerous than at <iny previous sue cessfil exhibition. TI10 time for tli? re vption of cimpe ting gooria has leen extended to Monday, an 1 tho'e f..r exhibition merely, till Wednesday evening. The North ha* contributed largely in choice ?peolnraa of artlMa ?bip. It I* r?pre?cnted by interested parties that Cdlector 1 Re"" field, of New York, ha* nerer intimated a desire to be rdieved from the duties of lila office, and that tbe ru ici Tt> to the contrary are false. John B. M.lier, of New York, la* been nominated to Ihe h'enalu to be fc*cietary of Legation to I'cru, in plaae ofJsnmC Vstriot, resigned. The a| point inent cf a successor to Mr. Plenani-m. the Jifth Avjitsf, 1.8* b'en made h.\ the President, but not yet announced. t MTKT? fTATKS M PKKVK CO' RT. H AWiilKil, Keb. 3, Ca"es for trial in tl e Supreme Court ne*t t(A:-Ol Mordny? No, 60. Carrin.Kton ?*. Hrirt; an! Pratt Tusi oay, < Hi ? No 61. J-hip I'anther va. the l!niied Stale*. No. <?'?. f-outh ?*. State of UaryUnl. Wi Onesday 7th ? No. tii. Tierb ii?. a inlniatritor, t*. K?e. rin.rn.lar, Ptb? No. ?U? Ai kbrittou ?a. Woodward. Dtitrudtre I'lre near <(uciier. Mumi'ui., Keb. 3, lfijJ. Ihe vest wing of the .Asylum at Reaupr-s. gear Que br, . waa er.tirely dr-troyt-d by tire yesterday mornlnj. The Institution rontalmd nearly two hundred p-t t lent 4, Ecne of whom were injured. The dsmije is e?ti matid at $13,500. The !? Irr In Srw Orlrmia. Naw Ou.ka.n-' PeS. 2, l?5J. !!.?> lo*? by tie Are In thin city but night amount* 1 1 > H-6,t0O, and U fully eotfred by inxurane*. Rtranishlp IllnrrMrnti. THE FALCON AT CH ARlMfTON, >H<iHr OF C ?AL. Cw.\Rn>rr)"?, K#!?. 2. I?6.'? 7bo steamship PalcuB, front Havana, buunu to N<- ? Yttk, has | ut iuto thia port >bort of coal. THX JIA?1IVII.L?: AT CHANLESTOH. r?>?u:'M'.| Keb 2, 1V>1. Tie 'team-hip N?*h?ill? haa art rel at thi? por n fort j fin htvr* fr?m N?w Y or*. Two Finou Drowned while Skating. Piiilamu.i'kia Feb. 8, 1866. ThU afternoon, as t party wore skating on the 8chuyl kill river, above Fairiuount, tua tea guve way, and Earle 8. Sbinn, a druggist on the oorcer of Broad and Spruce, ard Mi?? Russell, hi* wife's sinter, were drowned. At the time the accident occurred, he was skating along, and pushing ilut Russell on a sled. A large crowd were present, and saw the accident, but were noable to render assistance ui time to save them. Ihe bodies have been recovered. Burning of a Chair Nnnnlactory. Bowro.t, Feb. 3, 1865. A Ore broke out this morning in the furniture manu factory of Joseph Ross, in Hawkins street, damaging the buildta g and stock to the amount of twelve thoaaand dollars. Insurance f jar tbousan 1 dollars. The Weather and Bnalneaa at the WeaU CSCAOU, Feb 2, 185J. The weather here continues very cold, hut all the rail road* ate open except tin Chicaio and MiShUsippl. A fmall portion of the Illinois Central road has not, how ever, in en heard from. Cincinnati, Feb 3, 1S56. The wratber here ia very cold. Navigation is still sus pended. Business is very dull PmsnrRQ, I'eb 8, 1855. The Ohio rirer ia still closed up here. Tne weather ia very cold. The thermometer stands at 16 degrees above cero. State of the Weather at the Eatt. Montrkai., Feb. 2, 9 A. M ?The weather here is clear and cold. B aufax, Feb. 3, 9 Ai M.? A heavy snow storm set in here last evening, which lasted during the night. Tnis morning it has the appearance of rain. hT. John, Feb. 3, 9 A. M ? Soow f?U to the depth of throe inches last night. The weather ia fine and cold this morning. Hackvillk, He., Feb. 3,1856. ? About six inches of snow fell here last night. The weather lsclra' and co<d to-day. Calaib. Feb. It, 9 A. M ?The weather is moderate, and the wind northeast. It commenced snowing oarlv this morning, and the snow in now abjut three inches deep. EahtpoRT, Feb. 3, 9 A. M. ? It ia nnowmg hard here, with a iioitheant wind. Bangor, Feb. 3, 9 A. 11.? Three inches of snow have fallen here this morning. Portland, Feb. 8, 9 A. M. ? One inch of rai* has fallen bcie. The weather is, and it is now clearing up. Bos-ton Feb. 3, 0 A M ?The waather here is moderate; snow fell for about an hour thii morning. The sun is now ahining brightly. SPBtaonKLn, Feb. 3, 1 P. M, ? It has been snowing briskly here for the past hoar. Tlie weather is oold. Market*. rnii.ADELraiA stock hoard. Philadelphia. Feb 3, 1855. The money market is easy to-day. Ht>c?s are Arm; Reading, S? S>; Morris Canal, 14*^ ; I/mg Inland Railroad, 147u ; Pcnna. Railroad, 4 3X ; Penna. fives, 87 X. N?w Orleans, Feb 2. 1855. Our cotton market has bea'n unchanged to day, with Kales of 5,000 balei. The week's business foots up COjOOO bale*, and the stock on htud is 200,000 bales. The recepts at this port are 60 000 bales ahead of t tie same date last year, sterling exchange is quoted at ft u per cent premium In Kio coffee, the week's sales have reached 10,f)00 bags, at 8%c. a 9','c. Tne stock new on hand is 77,500 bags Charixbton, Feb. 2, 1K55. Our cotton market is unsettled uud favors buyers. The sales to dsy were 2,600 bales, at prices ringing from ti^c. a AFFAIRS AT THE NATIONAL CAPITAL. Private Bills Passed in the House TIIE COLT PATENT EXTENSION. VALUE OF AFTER DINNER TESTIMONY. (?I. Colt'* Social Eccentricity INTERESTING COERESPOVDEff CE, ?a, Ac., Jfcc. Tiamrr-rauu) congress. IBCOKD SE88I0H. Ilonec mt BcpiewnUllvri. Wahbi.votom, Fob. 3, 1853. WMVATK BTI LS IMRRB). The Ilume ptistd the thirty-six private bills which were considered in committee j eater lay. nil COLT PATKNT KXTKN H10N ? INTER HTLVa PKIUTR? C"t.. COLT CHAROKD VITD PBCKMCtKraa, KrO. The Home .then vent Into Committee of tho Whole on (be private calendar, with Mr. flroenwood in the chair, and the 8rat bill on the list being that Tor extending the Colt patent, for improvement* in fire arnn, seven jean. Mr. Pick (dein.) of New YorU, movee it be passed over informally. Mr. Tr ait (dem.) of Conn., by nnanimiun consent, mar.ean explanation, and said this m ttter bad been magnified into -uirh importance as t ? call for a aoloct committee, which is now acting Is wm ooo in which he bad a forfonal interest. (Laughter ) By tbU he meaut tbat the reputation of an intimate personal ncqualutan^e ia involved. (Renewed laughter ) Colonel Colt has a right, as an American, to apply to Congress for what he believes to be just He has been charged Indirectly, if not directly, with dolDg wliat ta unbecoming aa honor able man ? such as using improper means and outside influence, and attempting to bribe members of this House. Colonel Colt is as honorable a man as any | on this floor ? and there ia not the slightest pir ticle of truth in tho charges. If any g^utl^mm has been bribed let him rise in hU pWce (Uughtor), eitler in the way of pistols, money, or anthln^ else! He (l"ratt) would say, with all respect for the Select Committee, that he looked on this whole movement as a reflection on the character of the Uout-e. He did not I know a gentleman here wbo could thus be bribed. A VoifH ? If to, let him show himself, Mr. Pr?tt, resuming ? As to Mr. IHekerion, Mr. Colt's pgeLt, he did not believe be wonld be giilty of sondust utibecemlrg an honorable man. All tbat Mr. Colt asks 1 ip that Congress win give its opinion, one way or the | othur, ob this bill. A <|U(Ht'oti of order sprung np as to wlieth?r tho bill I could be set aside, but the Commit .eo refused to do so, ' by a vote of ays, noes not counted Mr. Cahprki l, (free poll) of Oblc, said the charges I fixed the responsibility in no psrticuUr quarter, lie : bud seen nothing to throw corruption on any person. | He was not prepared to boliere, not. eveo ti su*p?et, any ; member of tbe llonse was so bsee and lost to Donor as ' lo iniolve his ibaracter in f-nsh a way. Ho h?d never eeen. nor expected to see, Mr. Colt, but waa in favor of ' the bill, because he believed it to he best fm' the country to renew Colt's patent. He bad one of Colt's revolvers made a present to him in 1S4.'S, in Nuw Orleans, by a ' dear friend, now deceased. He found ft n good Instru ment, answering his purpose very well. When at homo he amused himself with it shooting lata. He hoped ha migbt tever And occasion tj use it tor a m ire aerious purpose. Mi. Fahhkr, (dem ) of Va., in reply to Mr l'ratt, observed he did not say Mr. t'olt had acted properly. ! I, res use it wss a notorious fad that at tbe time beap i .rated before the .elect cnmailure ho was drunk, and Ins nriid obfuscated. If ?ntl(nn>'n would take the trouble to exnavn* his testimony, th?y would find he i ha.l no deCnito ideas of the sum of mnnjjr hla agent had distributed. Mr. CDtwr.ntl.MN, (deni.) of lnd.? Po the -e questions sun answers eon?tlhite a part of the written report t Mr. Le.Tnirn ? >o, cr. It would have b"en a hard matter to dagoemotypo tho teatlnony ot a drunken nan He r?a?i from the testimony m or ler t i show that I ick. rson had an nnlimlted power to draw on Colt, and 1 1 tbat fifteen thousand dollars i n tbe bouka of Colt'arlcrk i (Jo.ft yB) ware unaccounted for aal fur'ber, that the J money wss i?pent to help the bill along through Con jrreaf, as wa- suspected, though Mr. Dlofcer-on refused to ? :.ns?er ss to the use o! tbe money, -ayiuir tbe committee ' 1 bad no rinht to look >iy<> hU private ni titers. Mr I R*rr? Why ilces the gent em m pla c any conft j , deme In tho testimony of Mr. Colt, if he was drunk 1 Mr. I.kt< her ? The committee was convened for hU ! ronveti enee. and be ou>'bt not to have come kef ore 11 in that eerditlon I have no confidence in his statement, j Mr. Wm -h, (i>iii.) of S. Y (Mr I>ctc'ier yielding tho floor) ? l'i ling the last election in New York tbero were three candidates for Uoverncr and throe for l.ieutonmtt Govt mor. I si e two of tliem present? one of tb"tn, the ffi nti.msn on the rum ticket, fa lusidt- of the hall anl tl e other Is In the gallery. I would a-k that a oorxm.t tee le??iit to General Augnatua Adolphus Hcri'g^s, in vlting bim to a wat on tbe floor. (^hter.) Mr. Uti iiir? Is it cxpmtol 1 shall di f?r my remark.' until the committee go pot f ( laughter) ThcCiuiKWAV (to Mr. Walsh) ? We arc In "I'nnvtte' now. Mr. Waim? ? "rBi 1 bo Sergeant at-Arms. Mr UMKI ce nrlnda 1 by saying th? bill should not be acted on (ending the investigation of the aei 'M com- i mlftie. >:r l'n?rr r?marVrd be e?rtalnly BBiler<!no<! Vr I etehrr to say , In p'ivate < outers itfon, thst tker<- ??< 1 tiotbing dlsbi.noraMe iu Mr. Colt's conduct, ilr. i.'olt ?aa slsk, and had just comi out of his okainbir wh'-n : ha appeared before we coailriUe*. bla frien !j tl n f^ir 'nzfor bis llis. H"* was snrortifd Mr. l."'.cher had ao cu-edh'm of being drtink. k!r LkTrnui ? The g-rtlemsn sayi Mr Colt wa* not Crunk. I appeal to my colleagues on tho select coot luittee. V*r ICi>i>T, idem.) <>f led ?I r^aardel Mr. Co'tas In tolkalxl. 1 du not kbow any otb r ? wbo came 1 to a ilfer. nt m( t ii s ' on or ^ipr ssi da dlflbrant opin on. I Mr Ffrirt, (drni.) of N, ? I so con-dderel him. Mr. XaWTrreR, (whig) ofTenn. ? The siupressiim on : uiy nurd, while I Vlieved Mr Colt iatolicatvd, was, tl at h? w?? iu the bends of mt n who ml , tit b" tliarffft, nnd who weuld rnln bim, but I belleie i him to be an herorablc man. Mr. * n?nt m, i dem.) of S. V ? Mr Colt wn lo have bi en inammed in the morning, bat the comniU'c* h*lng oeenyird, ftia esairina'ioi war pxtp^a^l til ?reaiag. I.'e apftand before tbe otnwltteii directly after dinner, J a ?.?' te< med to be e!?gbt!v etci'.ed. Mi. tiaiT, (whta) of Has? lie. I b.jnnd t> siyw'iat j Ismabciit to ?ay, an I vet ea-i io? CTTobora'e t.< t*ie | full what the gentb man trowi V!egtn a (Uitsbar) sal 1. I j wo?M not eteirlre a drunken man I t.heul l bo l ilh t ) | ? xaaiae a ran iu the te-bni -il ??</ ae intoxicated, and j I at <hi teltawt ?i.*Botl? a . {Laughter.) It is right tn uj tl?t, after the examina tion wm completed,! felt constrained to believe that Mr . Ooh wm ft man of honor. H** "aid nothing to my confidence in bia Inner integrity. I thought he was in unfortunate bands, and micht well exclaim, "flare me from my friends " The examination wag oond acted in the afternoon. Mr. Thckwon, (<!??.) of R. I.-Iwaa present during the examination if Mr Colt. He seemed to be some what excited? whether with disease or drink 1 don't know. Mr. iJtmntR-I should rot bare made any reference to tliis, but for tbe allusions of the gentleman from Con necticut (Pratt). Mr. Ebokkton, (dsm.) of Ohio, doubted not that tbe numbers of the llon*? sometimes get a little confnaed after tbo dinner hrur, (isugbter,) and therefore ought not to be *o p?rticu'ar Ibeactlrn of the 8eleet Com mittee amounted to no'b'ng. It wdl sink into forgetful* ness, as have all nib-r investUailoos. Toe committee was notoriously a failure. In 18iil. Mr. Colt Invented an operating arm. but, owing 10 the difficulties in construct ing such a weapon as rculd be used with safety , did not recti ve a pa'eiit until 183A. Mr. Colt and his friend ? were Ineort'nat-d by tbe New Jersey Legislature In that year an a pa?-ot arms manufacturing company, whh an aotht riicd capital or three hundred thousand dollars, two bun.ireo and tt.irty thousand dollars of which was subscribed. Tbe company went into opera tion, but ibe capital was exhausted b? tbe great difficulty in manufacturing the arms Afier six years the armory was sold by a decree o' tbe fourt, leavng Mr. Colt beavily in debt. In 184** the pa'eot was renewed, and Mr. Colt recommet ced msnu'aeturinff. in a small war, arms for tbe government From evidence presented, he has inveited all be could command, between three and four hundred thousand d liars, to pert ?ct his plan (and machinery, so ax to prodii'* a perfect arm. which would not *bc worth one-fifth the sum for any other use. Imi tations ol Colt's pistols ar made of cast iron and otbeT im perfect material, at a much less cost than tbe genuine, so as todece'vetbe purchaser,* ud they are dangerou i to use. Mr. Colt's pistol* nr? sty forged ca-t <te?l, perfeet ill all their parts, and fully reliable Puch arms as he manu factures cannot be made except hy machinery equally a* perfect and expensive as hts I wits tors will not incur tbo expense. If the potent shall he extended, he can go on perfecting bis ma'blnery. an 1 miuufacturing an arm more reliable and cheaper thnu any other, defy ing competition. If not. ><e will bo dnveflP from the market, the public imposed on, aod he divested of hit entire cap'tal. Tie price in 1 838 for tbe pistol* was fortv-five dollars, it is now sixteen dellari. The object of the .pateut la ?? is to benefit the puoUc by encourag'ng men of genius to ex< rci.e their time ener gies and talents ana tie profits of an invention should be proportionate to the public benefit. He showed the gTeat extentjjoverurneut has Wn ??eoefltted by this In vention, saying Mr. Colt devo'ed twenty-two yeara to it. From 1831 to 1849 be has never r-e ived a dollar's aid from government, wbi e be scd bis friend* have sustain ed a >oss of two hundred thousand dollars. By the ex tension of bis patont, which Is now asked for, he seeks to reap the reward of bis labor Mr. fedf erton, without concluding his remarks, yielded the floor for a motion for the c..mruitteo to rise, whicb prevailed, when tbe House adjourned. Onr Washington Correspondence. WamiivGTOX, Feb. 1, 1M?. The Arm* Bill?Giein't Pacific Railroad Bill ? The /Ycitcfc Spoliation Claimt?Ucr<rti.f the Secretary of I Yar The Militia Force of the Cnited State*? IKe Kin ney Expedition? Why Attorney General CutKing Op potes the Expedition ? Interesting Point Before the Su preme Court? Illne" of Mrt Gen. Houiton, dc , dc. Tbe Senate of the United States was enraged the whol? Joy yesterday? and U ?t 11 ensnged to-day? in the dis cussion on tbe Army Appropriation biU. It seems hard to bring this debate to a clone and to jet a tote on the question, although but a few d?*? more of the session remain. Just as )t was suppose.), yesterday, the Senate was ready for tbe rote, Gen Cass ro?e an 1 aanounoed that due regard to bis reputation required that h? should be h?ard on this bill before casting his tote, and accordantly he addresses the Senate today; immedi ately after which It is expected to take the vote, wWdj will result in favor of four additional regiments to the 4r^i- nfXt week, Mr. Owln will report bis Pacific Ball road bill, providing for a siogie .oad on the Southern ot Texas route; snd iiom tbe .outt.Wuce expressed by the members ot the Special Committee, "i^sedof the ablest men in tbo Senate, 1 am luduced to believe tliat this bill will pass the Senate, though it may be lost in the lower House for tbe want of Vim. 'lho French Spoliation sill is "till m a critical eondltion having to pai-s the J-enai< rial an<i ?ieeut Te ordeals^ A powtrtul move wiU be made to uefeat it in the Senate. An effort will be made to smoi.d it, flrit, by prOTidlog that no shall receive tli" t<eo?9tof its provi sions; that tailing, the next effort -ill be 10 signees to the amount aotuallj i*id by wor Tying througn tbe Senate, ebould tue bill survive the labi r, thm it has to f.ce the veto prerogative of the President. I hear the ques ion frequently aUed. Will tbe President veto the t.iiU" 1 sin inclined to the beUef, fu.m all that I can *a'.b,r, that he will not. Gen. Bayly, wbols tbe confidential p?i?.n?l freoo of Gen. .Pwrce. bas evidently teceived n-suiancee from him that M WW no", veto the bill, or he (den. B.) ?ou'd uever have de voted so miKh tim? and laoor to securing its pijeage The greatest apjri beiisiou is as to its probable dereat in ^The House of Representatives i? still progressing with the Territorial bui-lness borne soarp.parnag occurred Jester day between t ol. Bei on, of Missouri, ana Mr. icbardson, of Ulino ?. on tbe Subterranean Telegraph bill, though not re-ul'lug, a? t? e Iracai did the day be fore between Mr Farley and Geu 1-aoe, in blows. It was only a war of words and a? amu' leg as harmless. 1 am pleated to say that that tbe dtfle.ulty between Mr. Ferity and Wen. lane has l*en amicably settled. They are both brave, sensible gentleiu.n, having nothing to gain by a tight, and losing nothing by an honorable ad mission of nr.'f The feretory of War transmitted to Congress yester day hts annual report ?b<iwl?g We effect Ire militia force of tbe United fctates, as fo lows:? Infant ry? Com ml , stoned offlreis. ,?,?'!!!!? Son com missioned snd privates l,70tf,.vw Cavalry? rommis-ion^t -nirers Noa-eorotniss oued and privates...... i2,f)o? Klflemen? Commissioned ufflceis ?,???? Non-commissioned and privates 3'.,4oo Aggregate 2,4?i,W# Ordinance stows now in possession of the dlflorent Slates:? Muakets 225,103 loose balls 149,020 Havonets ' 122.7W6 I ounds rifle powder 4,8fttf li.ll cartridges ua,5i>3 Sw.rda 21,OT? Csrbiues 1.r'? Cavalry a wordi..... #,'?? Rifles 90,602 Hor*oaiHiT? pUtow. -.0,510 In my letter ol Tuesday last 1 noticed the rumor of an expected proclamation Irom tbe Tr sident or the Cnited States, prohibiting tbe departure o? the Central Araert can expedition, under Col H.I. Kinn-y. I then ex pressed my doubts o? its corrwti ess, being unwilling to believe that tl e udmni?t ration would prove so treacaor , rs to an enterprl-e it nsd fostiwd an ! encouraged. In this 1 did the aiiministr?tion but justice, lor I jhi ?? ssMire you, upon the most reliabt- authority, that there is not one worn of trutb in U.e rumor; it Is wholly ana entirely a fabri -atlon of parties l.ere, wno are in tne pay of tbe . Wli, n I -ay this I speak from the record, al'.h the evidtnee it uecessary, to back mr kssett on. Tli? adm ni-t-atluu ?as from the Inc.lpuncy" ol Ibe enterprise, b*en poswsfed 01" all the plans and ln tcBtUns ol the colonists, sod opposition was heard rroic but a nirgV member of CftbiMt ? Mr Attorney i?ene ral Cu ,lii BE ? whose opposition to 'he expedition springs from bU conn er int. re.t in the Transit Company. TMs be dure not deny. The < vid"oce Is in this oily i-IiowIt g him lstgcly interested in this company, and lit nee his opposition to the Kinney txpediUon. V licm ver he shsll require t'-e proof of this it w:ll be * fortbeom ng. Mr. Mar.:y discUime aU. knoaleilse ol any intent.on cu the part or tne aOmioistration t?> interrupt or intertere in any way with the expedition, nnd as It is reasonable to st:ppo<e that be would bave knoen the fact, If auy inch ffientien cvUted, at least as e,rly ?? lisve giv.n publicity to the lel-ebool, I think 1 am juvtliitxi in prono .1 e ng the rumor of the ??tr'liaud r.roclan stion entirfly etthuut foundaMoa, and that the admini.tiationfnllT endorses the etpe-iition. A question ot deep interest Is now before the Vnited Mates ,-npreme Court, in tL. ea.e of Noel's Reps. vs. tbe ratals of I'nin-ylvan'a. The point Is tne dis'loction between rj-jrrl lai-i laws and law- merely retroepwtive. !? las decided . n a cs>? In H I'.'.ers; but there the law was *o clearly tot " r*H facto, ^ that the court gave but little r' tislde ration to ti.e distortion. In the . ate now btfore tbf . outt, tbi* high judicial tribunal .Is , alW on lor the In" time to deli lie au.! mark out plain ly and oUllncily the difference bctw?en these two .'script oos of la -vs. Mrs rs. h?ing of Ohio and Hart ol I enniylvan a app- sr for tbe a| p'IiaqIs, and M- sere. Hood and hentt ot Philadelphia tnrih- appellee. Gta Sam Houston bas j.jst r :elvela elegrsphic def | atrli ant,, uneitg tbo s.r.ous llnimtoB Hope?, however, *er* *X -U enterUtne?l o^h?r rfcowrj. ___ ro|?HlMOM?I.NCK OK UTIIKH rATF.RS. (Corn hijoikI^dc? of tbf Hot th 4?ffifMl* ? r, WAftii^t'To!!. Jan. 31, .Veir Mw on St*iin~Wnr M'tag* An'icipfeL-K". Cass in Trout/*. II,# t fftr.t of tlu? ?**otty e%M?t ?r I'oUcr towards .'J ain is the subject .f e-rj .arnest disc ton bv ??n!l?nr.en o' all parties iu C-Jnvress, A'lemsn'l is to I- made ui^n thst nt s .eh as the never hs? c< in plied wiiii, and proliaUy never wltl. until eorapollo-i bj ad per i or lor.e. -pan -h o'.stlnae, {. almost ? pro vetb It IS irt n)ed to ie.,ui.e ol her not only mater a' Inciwntty loi sggresaU ns, but a surrender on what may roa?i<?-i " t'.e i .Intel hoto., mnii I v. an apology and reiaration for .1'Klits>nd inauH- to onr 111*. As it would be nbsurd and b. in-. listing to make a de mar d cf this ebaraeter. without taking effective m*a; sutet '< r Its eofore#n?e?t It may b? pp^eiiraed Vial, n reieete.i tie ft e ?lent wld at ones employ tbe m lltary and caval f"r e of the I ultrd Hta- s to vindl. aU the ilirtfs oltV* ennntry. lhe meabs to be employ -d are ob vines Ibry sro r. primal* up n Spanish coin. lerre, an.: a blockade of the Island of f'nba. It Is, ther mre, Iret. table tlut a "? ir m? ?agf"' ?v..i'lld be sen*, to r .u durit r the pi*?ctit se'st' n a-kmg authority, to ietbir wltb 'beneans to supp-rt the r.>preseBU*.oo? ebicli Vr Breeke,.ri.'ge will ?>? ii> ?ruet''d to vnke. iVe Inst rail ions of the Mi-hljr.n l/isislatute to her Ri> rela' ve to the M ?*otirl compromise in I the VebnsVa a< t! give nti.ral ra- , great deal of tr. ubl - The, not only r'*'~ '? termsor spproval of his past curse open th- q'i*"l ras in- "Itc I In the latter m?n . re b-it tb-y dir. et b m to bHrg in a Nil for the rc-to ,sMn'n of Ibe rniui.-omlie, an M . Ite ad >ption by his r. it e v 1 1 e 0 e 'jr?e the ?J. i,?ral will -Msob^, (or tbe .lemo-riti, do?tr<ie o' oV 1' i-e to lOHlriie t!ots arpli" ?*'y to S- in wblcb <mmi^ ) >? ilaii-r?? Ir tri-t orpfir-'t ->t ? nators, In whb-h . i ni r'srej H e Utt?r ste i?i y bound to ob?y or rraltr. f ?V? the ^'rry ?t W* hsr tens, all tbe <|eirr"iat has to (*.i I ^l assert that tbo majority who gi?? the i?e*r>ietk?n? are ?bol.tlontote. or h'jBer fy l*,*f '?* *"?j f1*' *" , ? -*1 * ?'*

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