Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 5, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 5, 1855 Page 1
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? 'WJC. THE NEW YORK HERALD. "WHOLE NO. 6826. MORNING EDITION? SATURDAY, MAY 5, 1855. PRICE TWO CENTS. ARRIVAL OF THE ATLANTIC. RIHE DATS LATER FROM EUROPE. . BZftB&T OOOATANf STEWS THE WAR. The Vienna Conference Broken Up and Dispersed. SEBASTOPOL BOMBARDED, BUT NOT TAKEN The Hew English Loan Taken by the Rothschilds* SERIOUS DECLINE IN CONSOLS. NEW TAXES PROPOSED IN ENGLAND. TERRIBLE WAR TO WAGE ALL OVER EUROPE. Smrii napoleon to Bake Command of tibe Allied Army. Magnificent Reception of Louis Napoleon and Edgenie in England. The Seeond Exposition from the Trench Emperor. INTERESTING FROM SPAIN, &On *0., The Collins m*il steamAip Atlaste, Cspt. West, has arrived. She lea Liverpool on Mo^lay, the 23d alt, at 3>i P, M., ud reached Iter pier yeHterday. The London Ckrtmiele In noting the arrival of the Atlantic oat, oa the 19th ult?o, nays:? The Atlantic ?wm detained on tier passage ?* thirty -six hours by the jieoeesity of matting good ar^ defect in her machinery. The Asia arrived at L<"pool, noon of Sunday, the 2 2d. She ww detained t-189 hours ofT the bar, entrance to the Mersey, fasr ?r?n<0' water. The Vienna Cwf ere-* w*a broken up after its twelfth Session, Rassia absel-4?1! refusing to assent to the pro posals of France an England. The Steperer Na*1?011! accompanied by the Empress .Eugenie, had ber the week in England, and they wen Innwri^^' The new Bri** loan is for ?16,000,0(0 sterling, and wm by*- Rothschilds at ?100 in consols and 14s. 6d. It is i ahap? of an annuity, terminable in thirty yes* lncreaai on incomes, ipiriti, tea, coffee, sugar end sts** w P?H>osed. ?It la Jported that England assents to Louts Napoleon taM^O? a md of the allied army. It wm, howerer, aa a doabttul rumor. fire sra strong indications that Austria will refuse loot against BoaaU. iArd John FssnnU and M. Drouyn de t'Huys had left The general bombardment of Sevastopol, Iron 500 I guns, camneenced on the 9th, and continued incessantly, Jtmt up te the 1Mb an assault had not been praetieable. It was the intention to storm the place if posaible. Hie allied Meets were in line of bat be before Sebas |topol. A Russian lady has been captured at Sebastopol, male ing drawings of the French trenches. She will be sent to Malta. She said her husband, named Boninoff, wa ? killed at Alma, and she had since acted as a to tun tee spy. Mehemet Ali notifies the Turkish government that he I lias put down the Kurdish insurrection; haa killed 1,400 | and taken 600 prisoners. Rhodes and Siss>pe are to be fortified. The annual earn. ran of pilgrims was about to set out from Constantinople for liecoa. M. Ducos, Minister of Marine, of France, died at Paris on the 7th. Admiral Hamelin succeeds hfm. Aa admiralty investigation, held on the recent collision |?[ the English sUp of war and the A nerican ship George Hurlbut, exonerates both parties frouAblame. The Hurl but is refitting at Portsmouth. Mr. Layard wu entertained by James Balnea k Co. at a banquet on board their new clipper Donald McKay, at Liverpool, on the 31st. The Limerick Chronicle (Ireland) of April 21, has the following paragraph Yesterday, (Friday,) the ship Jessie, with fifty-six passengers, lei t far Montreal. ThU vessel la capable of accommodating Are hundred, but the Know Nothing faction in Amnios, has deterred many from leaving America. The captain of tbe Boston packetship Enoch Train was fined ?10 by the Liverpool police magistrate for shipping five passengers mare than the legal number. The Liverpool cotton market waa steady, at previous rates. The Mies of tbe nine days amounted to 70,000 Jbales, including 19/100 on speculation and for export. Provisions slightly advanced. Wheat and flow were quiet, and rather lower. Corn ?lightly advanced Western Canal flour 80s. s 41s. White wheat lis. ?d. a 12s. 2d. White com 42s. a 49s. M. Consols had dretiaed to 89 )? for money. Owr LlrerpeU Correspondence. LiviueK, April 26, 1865. 3he Hew Bngluh Coein Taken by the RMkchilds? Critical Condition of England, The most important news which the steamer will take cnt relates to the present reduced condition of England in her wsr of aggression against Russia. A loan for ?18,000,000 has been decided on, and taken by the Roths* Chllds upon a InSj which values the consols in reality at only 80. Thirty j>ears annuity at par, with a premium of 14>. Od. span the three per cent loan, is equal to 3,'? per cent? reduces the "par" to 80. Here is a result lit tle anticipated, even by the most confident, and the sud den decline in cassaots, which you will note, is but the flrst step In ths sssesti trial through which the govern ment mast sons pass. The great free trade policy of Sir Robert Peel is yielding to the necessity of ievenue< ?tnd increased taxation, direct asd indirect, touching every man's psdnt, and affecting the commercial and Industrial interests ?f the nation, wilt soon heap a new jistwnsl debt en tbe country, ?hile its progress will be checked and eapesity impaired. So much for a contest which hM been one round of defeats? one constant failure. Every possible scheme is taken up to produce imme diate relief. Ausastities sold by the government broker )n the wwnlng am suddenly taxed by the government in the ersning, and, after all, the question which should liar* been flrst ssfcod ? ' 'Can England and France conquer Bussia?"? -is in cwecy one's mouth, ir they oannot, why jnvtde tbe lorittesy of tbe Csar? Why attempt an !m postibllityT It waa oooe said the English eould perform nn J tmng but an impossibility, and the same high au thority ilssisml the conquest of Amsrim aa Impose! jsillty. When Bebsetopol and Cronstaot are taken, when St. Petersburg sad Moscow are in ruins, sad when Po land is lesigasiaod as a nationality, tbe war will have just commenced, in tbe sudtowhlle not a stone in either the Battle or' Black seas hM been turned, aad the new loan hM bean rfvoa peactieally at 80, cash! Our Madrid Correspondence . Madrid, April 12, 1865. 3 V Reintforcemrnti As Rente for Cuba-TKe Settlement qf Die Black Wmrrvr Afmir?Tke Xationcd Militia Law Important Morrmemi?TKt Church Land Quettion U s Spain Banitkmmt ef the Bithop erf Otma? Threatened Coup fMtat ? The New Onutitutimi, Sc., dk. I can tell yna nothing of Cufca, as you will be better tafomsd than ns on this subject, as we receive our ne ss "through tbe Cnlted States. It is oertaln that up to the yrimnt^lms ths government have no official news Sf the fwtUt of Uw trial *f U>? NWfitttorr The oalj Iteq I which can be of interest toyau, will be to know exactly the state of the force which they can count upon in the Irland. There are veteran troops, in 'an try and cavalry, 16,000 men, to which may be added 1,000 of the Catalan regiment, which have passed from Porto Rico to the Havana ; 3,000 neirroea, whom the government hare authorized the Captain General of Cuba to enlist ; they haTe armed the militia according to law; a body of Gal legos ? eoldier* who have served ont thiir time; a bat talion of marines, which left Cadiz the 12th of March; they have enlisted 700 recruits, who aailed at the same t me for the same place and with the 6,000 conscripts wlio will leave in May, the irmy In Cuba will consist, according to the hopes of the government, of 35,0(0 men of all arms and all colors. Leave out 6,000 men who will not oome up to roll call for any of the thousand rea sons which operate iu Spanish and Cuban affairs, and ycumay takf the number of 30,000 men as the true effective force in Cuba, on the 1st of June next. With respect to the Black Warrior question, although there are some journals opposing it and speaking in their way, the good sense of the oountry is in favor of a just and amicable reparation, which we know to have been already acoorded by our government to the Charge d'Af fairesof the United States, Mr. Perry, and it is to be hoped that aa soon as the Minister of State receives favorable news from Washington, and communicates it to the Cortes, the matter will be terminated to the tatis faction of both countries. Tie Cortes last night voted the project of law con. cfrnirg the national militia, but with some amendments. The hUtory of this project is as follows;? On the 26th and 27th of March some commandants of the militia held various consultations, with the view of demanding the removal of three of the ministers. The government, alarmed at a movement which had for its object to oppose the determinations of the crown, and intejy8* between it and the Cortes, presented this pro. jo ct of law, by which it asked that the national militia should not be allowed to discuss, deliberate or make re presentations upon political affairs, nor anything else except subjects relative to its own organisation. Since the presentation of this projeot of the government con iiderable agitation has been noted in the public mind, in the belief that some contretemps might occur; but it has been approved of in spite of the opposition of some chiefs of the red republicans, or rather disturbers of the public peace, who went about exciting the minds of the thousands who surrounded the palace of the Deputies. Amongst the various bishops who have memerialized the Cortes against the project of release of lands from iportmain, civil and ecclesiastical, the BinUop of On ma has distinguished himself by his Improper, nay, violent language, threatening even the deputies who should go for the law, to deprive them of the right of Christian burial. The governm e nt asked for this memorial from the Cortes? called the Bishop to the capital, and re quested him to appear before the ecclesiastical tribunal and unsay the scandalous expressions he had used. The obstinate bishop refused to do anything, and the gov ernment ordeted him to depart for Cadiz, with the idea ot sending him to the canaries if he persisted in his ? negative. The Nuncio wished to intervene in this business in favor of the Bishop, but as bis intervention did not bring about ihe retraction which the government had the right to exact, tlelr determination wQl be carried into effect, sod the Bishop will be banished, without the individuals composing that secret and furiouH society known as the Extermi Dating Angel, being able to stop it, nor to assist their worthy brother the Bishop, who belongs to It. m do all the apostolical party and the partisans of l)on Carlos. For srme time past tbe papers bave beea speaking of a protest of the Pope's against the second base of the new constitution, (that relative to religious worship.) and the law of release from mortmain; but It Is certain tliat such a protest has not reached this government. What is certain is, that Sr. Pacheco, our ambassador in Rome, has written to the government saying that little could be hoped for from the Pope In regard to the issue of negotiations favorable to a liberal reform of tbe con cordate; and that what we should do is to go on with the release from mortmain, and thus gain time, for Rome, which is always the same, will follow her custom of con forming to facts already consummated, and never con ceding what is asked of her bv way of favor. And not to eave ecclesiastical subject*, i will tell you also that, a ew days since, a nun, known as Sister Patrocinio, was banished. For manp>years past this nun has been mak ing a sensation by some ulcers which appeared upon her. like those or San Francisco, which some crack brained fools regarded as mraculous. Proceedings were taken against this woman years ago, and the trick was discovered. Science cured the ulcers of this female fa natic. who lent herself to everything required for their ends by the secret society of the Exterminating Angel. In these few days past the government has realized a loan of forty millions of real*, or two millions of dollars, in different parcels, by means of different contractors, at the interest of 9, 9 10 and 10}? per cent, with guaran tee or scrip of the three per cents, at tbe rate of 25 of their nominal value, in place of 32 which is the market value of tbe day. This negotiation, the conditions of whiah are not very advantageous, allows the govern ment nevertheless, time to get ont of its present difficul ties, and wa t for the release of mortmain. The partisans of Don Carlos, wlto. but a short time nnce, attracted the attention here of all the world with tbeir supposed resourdfes in men and money, already begin not to inspire fear in anybody. The conspiracies discovered in Pamplona and other places, demonstrate clearly that they have not the means at their disposal of * rousing tbe country, and making a successful cam paign. On tbe other side, they have allowed the oppor tune moment to pass, for with more or less work, the liberal party is consolidating and the government acquir ing strength? and thus the conscription enlisted by the Cortes of 26,00 men is proceeding tranquilly In all parts ?the contributions are paid, mutinous movements re pressed, and order In the provinces is preserved. The Assembly will occupy itaelf with the discus sion of the new constitution, whose bases in gen eral will be favorable to the democratic spirit conciliated with the monarchical Institution, which the countrv and the Cortes have recognised. In general, although tbe government is attacked by different classes of ene mies (moderados, absolutists, democrats and the par tisans of the Ministry destroyed by the revolution In July last,) with all, if it is able by means of tbe release from the mortmain project, and of the balancing of the estimates, to extinguish the floating debt and regulate financial matters, It aay consolidate its existence. VISIT OF THE FRENCH EMPEROR AND EMPRESS TO ENGLAND. Our London Correspondence. Los dow, Friday, April 20, 1855. ?drn'rai qf their Imperial Majesties in London ? Their En thusiastic Reception by the Populace? Grand Banquet* ? /ferine*? Investiture*? Municipal Ova lion* ? Court Concerts? Operatic Receptions? Speeches ami Addreite* in Honor cf the Imperial Visiters? Return qf the Impe rial Party to Franc. Whilst the clouda in the political horizon are hurrying on to a storm? whilst the cannon of a second bombard ment are booming and craahlng at Sebaatopol? all Lon don appeara topsy-turvy with excitemant, and ever j bel fry la ringing merry peali in honor of the Emperor Na poleon ID. and the Em pre a a Eugenie. From the moment they landed on the ahorea of Great Britain, their recep tion haa been an uninterrupted oration. I aaw them make their entrance into London. The whole city waa ont; a bright and poaltively hot son shone on the gay acene. The atreets were even more crowded than on the occasion of the funeral of the Duke of Wellington; and Hyde Park, from Apaley Houae to the aailway station, waa one denae maaa of tic gas t eqoipagea, gentlemen and ladiee on horseback, and pedeatriana of every claaa, and sice and age. Through the street* of London, through the Park, one continuoua chear greeted Loula Napoleon and Eogente. The latter waa elegantly and plainly drested; bar small classical face waa aemewhat pale. By her site aat Louis Napoleon, and opposite to then Prince Albert, in a field marahal'a uniform. From Dover, where they were met by Prince Albert, they oame up by apecial train to Bricklayer'a Arms atation, where the royal carriages were waiting; they then drove through London to the Paddiagton atation and on to Wlndaor Castle, whare tie Queen reoeived her Imperial gueets. For the details of the ceremonial! I muat refer yon to the court newamea. and will aimply describe what 1 myself witnessed. The reception was in every reapect enthuaiaatic, and there waa a proud look of triumph in the eye of Louis Napoleon which waa natural enoagh. Bow often bad he not atrolled through those tame streets an exile, snubbed by the vary courtiers now moat obsequious in bowing so low to him; not even ad mitted Into our beat society; by aoms styled a parvenu, by others a madman? avoided by many as a dangerous acquaintance. Loula Napoleon has gone through a hard school of experience; he has learned to know the value of mankind, and he haa acted accordingly. He ahot down hia own loyal aubjects on the Boulevards to insure the aaceeas of hia roup d'etat; he formed an alliance with England because it was the wisest step he coul<l take to conaolidate hia power. His brother Emperors would not recogniae him? they ttarcely tolerated the clect of the French people. In vain he sued fer a Oar sen prineeas for a bride; he then married a lady not of royal birth, now tbe gueet of eur meet gracious Queen. Nspolew SVWTWtm* ?bow to the world that Franca and England were deter mined to act together. On Wedneeday I took a run down to Wlndaor. There was to be a atag hunt and a review. Hundred* of well mcunted gentlemen assembled, but there w:ia such an accumulation of oerriages, carts, gige, Tan* and pedes trians that the hunt looked more like a race course than anything elae; moreover, aa neither tb? Empsror nor Frince Albert made their appearance, it broke up. Seeing an immense crowd round the White H&rt, (which lathe best hotel at Windsor,) I found the lord Mayor and a whole bevy of Aldermen, covered with gold and tinsel, in gingerbread looking carriages, with green velvet and gold Jace liveries. My Lord Moon? it sounda funny, but it la nevertheless true? had been paying a visit to the rising son of France. An address was presented, and a gracious reply received, and the Moon, surrounded by a small constellation of city stars, drove back to the good city of London elated with the gracious reception given to tbem by the parvmu Emperor. Of course the Moon will be knighted or baronetted, or get the Legion of Honer? certainly he expects a gold snuffbox with the imperial cypher in diamonds. Moon Is, however, a libe ral publisher and a very good fellow, so may his shadow never grow less; but it is high time these tom-fooleriee should be done away with, leaving the Moon and suite imbibing ale at the White Hart, I turned my steps towards the Castle, and having entered the inner court, juBt under the mighty keep or donjon on which Buttered the flag of England's Queen, I was just in time to see the royal party start lor the review. In the large court, the horses prepared for the Emp?ror and his suite, and for Prince Albert and his staff were being walked about each led by a groom. Noble animals of the purent blood. Louis Napeleon's favorite chesnut charger (Philip*) sur passed them all in symmetry and shape. The Queen and Empress entered an open char -d -banc and four, and two or three other ctar-a-bam* and four, with the royal children and ladies of honor, fol owed. The Emperor rode between Prince Albert and the Duke of Cambridge. briMant staff, in which Lord Cardigan was conspicuous in his hussars' uniform, accompanied them. They can tered down the noble avenue In advance of the Queen, and I soon lost sight of them in the distance. The Queen seemed in a particular good humor , she was laughing and smiling, and the Empress seemed equally pleased, both bowing repeatedly to the assembled spectators. Re views are slow things and I have seen many of them, so I followed the dictates of nature, and with a friend just returned from Sebastopol, strolled back into the town to get some food. Fearing lest Moon and his aldermen, whose appetites are proverbially voracious, should have cleared off everything, we turned into the "Castle," next door to the White Hart, where we learnt that Windsor had been brtllantly illuminated the evening before. The sun was setting as we lett, and the noble castle stood out U majestic splendor, the shining Thames glistening like a belt of silver, below which in the distance we eould discern the celebrated Runnymede. where King John was made to. sign the Magna Charter. And above waved the banner of the kings ef Engand, and that night it flattered over the chief of a nation regarded once as the born foe-now the sworn friend- of England. We found London all a stir On our return, flags were being hoisted on every steeple ; tri-colors, Turkish and English flags ; barriers and seats to see the procession were being erected, and it was dear the merrow was to be a holiday. Placarded on every wal and available place was an immense document, with letters six inches inlesgth, and bearing the signature of " Moon," re questing all Englishmen to give a hearty welcome " to thThursday0wa8<a lovely day, and from 10 o'clock in the morning, the whele population of the good city of Lon don was on foot. Ths shops closed, the streets became Impassable. Moon did the honors of Guildhall te the Imperial guests, who are now lodged in Buckingham Palace. Alter the affair at Guildhall, the Emperor re paired to the French embassy at Albert Gate, where he received the corps diplomcUiqut. In the evening London waa brilliantly illuminated, and the dense masses of people rendered every street impassable for vehicles. The Queen and Court proceeded in state to the Italian Opera Houae at Co vent Garden. It waa reported during the day that a Frenchman ha.l been arrested who had attempted to Are at the Emperor. The whole of the affair Is, that some unfortunate exile attempted to throw a petition Into the Emperor's car r' TheVcene at"tho Opera House, Covent Garden, is de icribed as brilliant In the extreme. Fourteen boxes in the centre of the house, on the grand tier, had been thrown into one for the royal party. Queen Victoria wore her crown of diamonda. The Empress, as you may imagine, was the point <U mire of all the opera glasses. Having been aaked the moderate price of twelve guineas fcr a seat in the pit, and considering the bore of putting on a white tie and superfine kids, I did not honor "Fide lia" with my presence, fo your lady readers most look te the Court Journal and Morning Pott , lor the exact deicriptions or the lace, flounces, and diamonds of the Empress and her aames of honor. Coiffures a l EoRenie, will be all the rage next week. Lauis Napoleon wore the garter, just conferred upon him, tied round his lei: by the Queen's own hands. " Honi soil qui m"' y pensc. To-day, the whole party go to the Crystal Palace, at Sydenham, where the crush will be awful. To morrow they return to Paris much pleased, doubt less, with their reception. It is generally reported that the Queen will shortly return the visit and be a guest at theTuiieries. In fact, I hear that the apartments are being prepared for her reception. During the whole of the Imperial visit, we have had a cloudless blue sky, a warm sub and gentle breese*. May the omen be propitious for pesce. I enclose you the second article from the Mmiteur, on the expedltioB to the Crimea. It needs no comment. It announces the firm intention of the Western Powers to prosecute the war, unless an honorable peace s granted. In his speech yesterday, at the Guildhall, the Emperor made the same observation. In reply to the city address, the Emperor ipoke as fol owe:? Mr LORD Mitor ? After the cordial reception I hare experienced from the Queen, nothing could affect me more deeply than the sentiment* toward* the Empress and myself to which you, my Lord Mayor, hare given expression on the part of the city of London; for the city of London repieienta the available resource* which a world wide commerce afford* both for civilization and for war. Flattering a* are your praises, I accept them, btoaute they are addressed much more to Franoe than to myself; they are add res ted to a nation whoee inter est* are to day everywhere identical with your own; (loud applause;) they are addresaed to an army and na vy united to yours by an heroio companionship in dan ger and in glory; (renewed applause;) they are address ed to the policy of the two governments, which is baaed on truth, on moderation, and on juitice. For myself, I have retained on the throne the same sentiments of sym pathy and esteem lor the Engliah people that I professed a* an exile, (loud and prolonged cheering,) while I en joyed here the hospitality of yonr Queen , and if I have acted in accordance with my oonvietiona, it i? that the interest of the nation which has chosen me, ne lee* than that of universal civilization, ha* made it a duty. In deed, England and Franee are naturally united on all tte great queations of politic* and of human progree* that agitate the world. From the ahoree of the Atlantio to those ot the Mediterranean? from the Baltic to the Black ??a? from the desire to abollah slavery, to our hope* for the amelioration of all the countries of Euiope? I see in the moral a* in the po litical world for our two nation* bat one course and one end. (Applause.) It is, then, only by unwoithy considerations and pitiful rivalries that oar union oould be dissevered. If we follow the die tetee of common sens* alone, we shall be sure of the fu ture. (Loud applause.) Ton are right in interpreting my pretence among you aa a fresh and convincing proof ot my energetic co-operation In the prosecution of the war, if we fail in obtaining an honorable peace. (Ap elauee.) Should we eo fall, although onr difficulties may be great, we may surely count on a successful re sult; for not only are oar soldier* and sailors of tried valor? not only do our two countries posse** within themselves unrivalled reaooroee? but above all? and here ilea their superiority? it 1* because they are in the van of all generou* and enlightened idea*. The eye* of all who anffer instinctively tarn to the Weet. Thus our two nation* are even more powerful from the opinion* they represent than by the armies and fleets they have at their command, f Great applause.) I am deeply grateful tn your Queen for affording me this so lemn opportunity ef expressing to yon my own eenti inputs and thoee of Franee, of which I am the interpre ter. I thank yon in my own name and la that of the Empreaa for the frank Mod hearty cordiality with which you have received na. (Applause.) We a ha 11 take back with ui to Franoe the lasting impreesion, made on mind* thoroughly able to appreciate*, of the imposing specta cle which England preaents, where virtue on the throne direct* the de*tlnles of a country under the empire of a liberty wilhout danger to it* grandeur. TH* POLISH ADDBHS TO TH1 XKPtBOB. The following addreee to the Emperor of the French waa presented by the Literary Association of the Frieade of Poland Fma? Amidst the universal vaiee of congratulat'on which has hailed the aaspioiens viatt of year Imperia. tyjefrtj Md je H *of*? 9MOTt WVti Wt reign, w? fhould not harp aooght to addraM those wonls of welcome to jour Imptrlal Majesty if wo hod ant be lieved that, la the principles which we have aougDt to maintain and labored to dlateminate, there reaidea the power of rendering perpetual that etrfct alliance and cordial amity which happily au Delft between the two (treat Western Powers. Your Imperial llajcatv baa already declared, in worJ.* which mark a new epoch of European historv, 'that the time of conqueata ia irrevocably past, and that 14 ia not by extending the limit* or its territory that a nation osu henceforth moome honored and powerful; it ia by pJacin* iteell at the hfsd of generous ilieaa, by making every where to pre nil the empire of right and justice.' Such are the worda which your Imperial Majesty lias inscribed on the united utandarda of France and Bug land. They are woida of hope lor the oppreaaed, au1 of repose for tbo world. It ia not, aire, oar design to urge their immediate application to a nation which, an the statesmen of all countries and of all political creeds have affirmed, has been the victim of Injustice tbe most da grant and perfidy the most toul. We await, however, with confidence the hour when Esrope. awakening to tbe fearful rstrlbulioo oy which such crimes, when unredressed, are inevitably visited, will aetk to amt tbe punishment by repairing the wrong which ahe has perpetrated or permitted. To auvs from impending rum a nation which, though separated by its faith from the European family, yet posaetaes noble qualities that command our admiration ana sympathy, ia a righteous work that hallows the alliance by whluh it has been ellectod; but to raise from the dust a people professing the same religion with ourselves, on-e the gaoerous champions of western civilization, and atUl possessing all cMvslrous traditions which lie at its basis, this wou'd be an achievement that would bind together the power* that shall unite m its aocompltahment by a link that centuries would havo no power to sever. ThM would be not onljf to inaugurate but to establish the *mpire ot right aal juatice ou a firm and enduring basis. We have the hoaor to be, sire, with profound respect, ywur Imperial Majesty's moat humble and obedient ser vants. On txbalf of the Council of the Literary Association of tbe tiitnda of Poland. HRK A1JAJ.UANK, Vice President. W. Llotd Uirkukck, Honorary Secretary. Snraez chambers, lJuke street, St. James's, London, April IB. TBI BMPRB83 OK TUB FBKSCH. Among tli? many romantic incidents that have marked the life of the Emperor Napoleon ILL, not the least ex traordinary was hit marriage with the beautiful and ac complished lady lately the gueat of the Queen. The coursehe took in this respect was distinguished by th# same boldness, self reUanoe and originality that have characUriaod the chief events of his career. In his ad dresato the Senate and L?gialative body announcing the choice he hud made, he sketched, in a few masterly strokes, his mcrtlvee and indncemsnti. "I have preierrod, he said, "the woman whom 1 love and whom I respect toone who is unknown, and whose alliance would have had advantages mixed with sacriaces." In taking this course the Emperor at least avoided the rock on which bis uncle wrecked bis fortunes ; and, although there were not wanting enemies who censured him (or not having married the daughter of some soldier purely French in origin, the mass of the people r -cognized in this abandonment of the customary royal alliance a new tie binding them to their ruler. The Empress Eugenie, in all respects but her not being or some, reigning royal house, la In every way at to All the place the occupies. "j<h* who baa been the object of my preference," said the Emperor, on the occasion al f**u7 J*??? to> "*? of distinguished birth. French in heart, by education, by the recollectioa of the blood ahtd by her father in the cauae of the empire, she has, as a Spaniard, the advantage of not having in France a lamily to whom it might be necessary to give honors and fortune. Inspect of fcer origin and ancestry, indeed, the Empress Eugenie may claim to rank with the proud est ana noblest of Europe. Her great grandfather, on r. 2L " ,lde' w"8 Kir* patrick, of Canheath in Dumfriesshire? a gentleman of large landed property. ?'"t Mr- ,WiU1H? Kirkpatrick, went to Malaga as British Consul, and there married the daughter of Baion Grevenne. His eloeat daughter, Maria, married the Count de Montljo - and of this marruige the Empress ,Ib,.Klrt',Wsk family Is of great antiquity in Scotland, and various member* of it figure in the bloody reoorcs of that kingdom. It la however, on the father's aide that the ancestry of the Empress are the most illustrious, As Countess de leba, she is a grandee of Spain, and belongs to tne an cient and illustrious house of Gnzman, which date.i fiom the very foundation of the Spanish monarchy Among her ancestors was the famous Alonzo Perer. de Ouzman auraamed "EI Bueno," who, in li?6, ao heroi cally defended Tarifa against the Moors. They had taken prisoner his son, and threatened to kill him before hie fatner's eyes, unless he yielded. From the ramparts he saw them preparing to execifte tneir threat, wnile hie son supplicated with extended aims. ''Never," ex claimed Guzman, "will I surrender the city conttded to c|1*rf"- Iff* ny son die. bat my honor must remain ? Thwrlng them a sward ><iMu them, ? tt> * J?.u In a few monents the head e his son rat fed outbe ground, and, at tne cry of horror raised by the soldiers, tie said, on being tola that hit child was dead, "What ! is it only tnatr I thought tne enemy must be giving the assault!" The family ever afterwards adopted the motto, "My King in worth more than my blood." The Empress also counts among her ancestor* the cele brated Gonealvo de Cordova, the greatest captain of hn JP; ?? also Antonio de Leva, the greatest general of the tmperor Charles V. One of the female ancestors was Lnua Irancisca de Guzman, the wife of the Duke of Braganra, afterwards King of Portugal; and the blooi royal of Spain also flowa in her veina. She has certain ultimate claims to the Spaniah crown: In thia reaoect standing next to the Duke of Medina Goela, who regular lff ?*cb coronation in Spain, makes a formal protest against the usurpation of his rights. The father of the Emprese, the Count de Montljo, em braced the cause of Napoleon when he entered Spain. He was an officer in the Preach army, and dlatlnguiahed bimrelf at the battle of Salamanca. Later he was & member of the Senate of Spain, being Grandee of Spain In light of no fewer than six titles. He died In 1839 The Empresa was born at Granada in 1827. She waa partly educated in England? at Bristol, we believe? and resided, during her infancy and youth, alternately at Madrid, London and l'aris. Here it waa that her beauty and accomplishments, which made h?r the ornament or every circle she fre quented, attracted the attention of the Emperor, who at once saw in her his future bride. The splendor of a throne wore less the attraction for Mdlle. de Montijo than the admiration ahe had conceived for the Empe r('r ? character. On both sides the marriage was one of aBection. Of the ceremonial that attended it we gave at the time the most ample details. Since she hai occn pied the throne, theEmpreas Eugenia baa gradually con ciliated the respect and love of the French people. Her beauty, her unaffected cheerfulness of disposition, and, alove all, her many virtuea, endear htr to the nation. Her charity and benevolence are already the theme of universal praiae, and long before her elevation she had gircn proofs of an extraordinary kindness of hesrt. On one occasion, passing at the moment when a poor work man lellfioma acaffold, she stopped htr carriaA, alight* ed, and herself rnabed to succor him. Hundreds of such anecdotes pass frem mouth to mouth in Pari*, while her larger and more public charities offer an example to the Fretch ladies which they are not alow to follow. THE EMTItO* AND KMPRS8S TAKING LlAVI Of QUI B.N VICTORIA AND FRENC1 ALBERT. theif Jjnptrial )faj? sties, the Emperor and Emprtu of the French, took Ware of her Majesty, the Queen, on Saturday morning, 21at nit., on their return to Paris. Their imperial Majesties were conducted by her Majeaty ff.M* R?7aI Highnes*, Prince Albert, from their room* ?* the grand entrance of the palace, the &u ?L'|CCp?M"??b-Y,th' Princ# of the Prince i* Royal Pi I nee Alfred, the Prineessea Alice, nt ? * i^,fa' Prl^c* Arthur and Prince Leopold. Her Loyal Highness th* Dutchess of Kent (attended ty A"a Maria Daweon, Laay Fanny Howard and sar George Couper) and his Royal Highness the Duke of pI *>r Colonel Tyrrwhit) had arrived at Buckingham Palace at a quarter (before ten o'clock, and also accompanied the Emperor and Empress to the grand hall, in company with his Serene llighneaa.the 1'rince of I/eimngan. '' The great officer* of State and th* household, vli , Earl Spencer. lot d steward; the Marquis of Breadalbane lord chamberlain; the Duke of Wellington, master of the horse; the Marquis of Abercorn, groom of the stole to Prince Albert, and Lord Earnest Bruce, vice chamber lain, proceeded the illuatrious party through the corri dors and down the grand atalrcaae to the entrance The following ladies and gentlemen of the court were also in attendanoo : ? The Duchess of Wellington, the Vis countess tanning. Lady Caroline Harrington, Hon. Caro line Cavendish, Hon. Flora Macdonald, Hon. Mary Sey mo"r< ^,ri^ .Te"'tI?rd ??"*? Uanox, Sir Edward Bo water, Sir Frederick Stovin, the master of the household; Major General Wylde, Lord Charle* Fittroy, and Mr. Nor. man Macdonald. All the geatlemen were in uniform On the grand *talrca*e and in the hall were posted the l eomen of the Gnard, under the command of Capt Mac donald, the exon in waiting. Viscount Sydney, the cap tain *f the corps- Sir George Lee, the lieutenant; and Col. Fltnnaurice, the adjutant, attended. A guard of honor of the Grenadier Guards, was on duty in front of the grand entrance; and on the appear ance of the royal party the hand commenced playtnr ?? Partant pour U Syria. ,T The Emperor and Empress took leave of tha Queen at the entrance. Their Imperial majaitia* alao took leave here of the royal family and the Prince of Lelnlnaen The Emprias waa than banded Into ber carriage by hia Roval Higness Prince Albert and his Royal Highne** the Dnke of Cambridge, who were In uniform, and both wore the Grand Cordon of the Legion of Honor. The Exif eror, who wore the uniform of a French General, with the ribband, badge, and atar of Mte Order of th* Oarter, and th* *!ar of tg* 'Legion of Honor n?[ entered the carriage, (an open bSe drmwn h? fZT "d waa followed by Prlnoa Albert and the Duke of Cambridge. In the carriage next to that of their Imperial Majesties were the Princess d'Kssllng, the Countess Walewska Marshal Comnt Valllant, French Minister of War, and the French Ambaaaador. ' Fouf of the Queen's open carriage* and four followed conveying, ' In the first? the Marchioness of Hly, the Count*** de Moctebelio, Lord Cowley, and th* Cennt de MontebeNo In the second? Baroneee do Majiret, Duke de the Mai quia d* Toulongeon, and Lord Alfred Pant ' In the third? Colonel Count Ney. Colonel Fleury, Count Taacber de la Pagerie and Lieutenant Colonel Boucher And In the fourth? Earl Somers, Major flaanra. Ihe Hen. taarle* Gr*y, Colonel Sejmour, and Colen*l Tjrr whit . ? The rejal (sortagt qu:tt?v' the pa Ue? at twenty miautti DKPARTVUpr TBI KMKKHO* A1W IMrBBM. On Saturday morning, 21?t nit., shortly after JO o'clock, the Sjh juror and Empreta of the French to *k ?their deparJnre Iron Bucklaghaa Palaoe. CrjwJa o.f perron* were uaeoMeJ to take a la?t Irok of their im perial MajeatlM, not on)/ in the vicinity of tie I'aiaoe, butakng the Hne of JOute ta the Bricklayen' Arm* ntatiea. The iXuatrioaa viaiter* were accompanied by Prince Albert a?d the Cube of Cambridge, aod wore attended bjr their auite, and by a guard of bonor of the Blue*. with tbetr trumpeter in We stote dree*, a body of Foot Guard* wan stationed in the court yard of th? !?* laee, and ffceir bind * truck up "Parlaot pour la Syrio" a? iht- imperial cortege i?i?*ed Inn tbe l'alace gitea. Tbe Queen, surro mded by tbe royal children, ap peared at the centre window of toe boildiog and from tbeoco, in conjunotien witn them, wared her laat adieu to ber uoperial visiters. Tue action of her Mi jetty and the royal children wai quickly ob eeiYHd by the rpectatori, and caused th? cheera which bad been pr* viouwiy ntMi in htDor of the Kmpe ror and bin NHM to beoonie. if piMitible, more vigor ous and enthusiastic. Pcenea of enlhnaiagm idmiiar to these which have been d'apUyed during the week nark ed the progreKH through tbe atreefc of tbe imperial party ; and the farewell offered to their in<tje?4iet on their de parture wan in p?rfe>t keeping with tb<* welcome accord ed to them on their arrival, and tbe tunny projfi of popular favor exmbltod towards them during iheii io journ. As upon tbe arrtvul of the Emperor an* Mpmi , the Bricklayers' Aims station wm gaily decor?te<l with tl?<e and banners, with ft large col # -1100 or clioiee tluwersand exotica and tbe whole of tbe platform covered with crimson cloth. A guaid of honor. consisting of the Coldstream Guard was placed outefc'e the -tation, and the band performed a fine morceau of mu?ic previous to the arrival Of their majesties. . Within the station about 1,000 elegantly drtesed ladies and gentlemen, who had been admitted by ticket*, occupied an extensive tomporary platform, draped with white and pink, and decorated with large (lags Shortly before ten o'clock the Lord Mayor, ac companied by the 1'iefsct of the Seine and other mem here of the municipal coun?el of l'arii, wlio hare been tbe guests of hie lordship during the imperial visit* ar rived at tlie station to be in reading to pay t heir re spects to the Empeior and Empress. 8hortly after half east ten o'clock the royal carriages arrived at the station. They conveyed the Emperor and Empress, Prince Albert, the Iiuke of Cambridge, Marshal Vail taut, tbe Due de Montebello, Maraud d? Tonlongeon, Colonel Fleury (colonel of tbe Guides, and aide de camp to his Majesty), the l'rincess d'Essllng, Colonel Edgar Key, MsrohUntsfi of Ely, Countess le Malaret. Geoeral Grey, Lord Alfred l's get, Colonel 8ejuioar, Sir Kicbard Mnyne, and others. . .. , . .. Immediately upon alighting from their carriage* the Emperor and the Empress heartily shook haitli with the Lord Mayor and bade him a most friendly adieu. The Empress, leaning on the arm of Prince Albert, and followed by the Emperor and the Duke of Cambridge, then proceeded to the royal csrilage, beino: most enthu siastically cheered by the persons assembled within the station. On the table in the centre of the royal carnage were placed copies of the dally papers, and the " way bill" ot the train, elegantly printed on white satin and fringed with green. His Majesty wore the uniform of a general of division, with the ribbon and star of the garter; and tbe Empress a silk tartan plaid, with black velvet mantilla, and white bonnet with block lace veil. The train left the station at 10 60 A. M., amid loud cheering, and passed rapidly on its way, without any stoppage until It arrived at Tunbridge. Here, as in the journey up to London, large crowds of persons were assembled, but happily the directors had taken the precaution to erect barriers in the station, which kept the crowds from closing up to tbe tialn. and running tbe risk of accident One individual, with an amount of foresight which did him great credit, had provided himself with a bugle, and fevered their majesties with a solo during their stay in the station, and although neither the tone of the instrument nor the style of execution was exactly that which a Koenlg or a Harper might have approved, the humble ertiat had the proud satisfaction cf knowing that his performance was not unheeded, nor, we believe? were his exertions unrewarded by their ma jesties. After a deUy of three minutes, the train pass ed on it* way, and although the speed was slackened for some distance near Hytbe in consequence of the special tidal train being in front, the royal train sr rived in Do ver at Ave minutes past one, having completed the die ts nee In two heurs and a quarter, Including the stop P*6nSde*cendlng from the carriage, Mr. Rich, M. P., the chairman of the company, inquired of nis Majesty whether tbe airsngements made by the company had given him satisfaction. The Emperor, with his usual gook tact, and in a reply which neatly combt?ed awn lliment with the expression of his personal feeling, said. "Everything has been excellent. 1 regret only one thing? that is, that you have conveyed me too quicker oat of Knalani." The wind had been blowing kesnly and shandy from the northeast during the whrle morn in a yet in apite of the bitter cold, lailles thinly attired preserved tbeir plaoes on the pier with an amount of en durance which was really surprising, and which nothing could have supported but an anxious and ardent desire to ray tbeir last respect* to the lllustrisus visiters. The militia, who had been on the pier for nearly three hours, exposed to the full fores of the wind and the occasional dashing of the spray from the water in the harbor, in despite of all their attempts *o '?<>k military as troops ought to do upon such occasions, appeared exceedingly uncomfor table very unable to ' stand at ease," and had they at tempted a "hurrah," their chattering teeth would have alven a "sbalm" to the word which would have possess ed more of novelty than agreeableness of expression. The Empress lesnt on the arm of Prince Albert as they proceeded out of the station, tlie Emperor and Duke of Cambridge following next As they were walking along the station the Emperor observed Mr. I ayne, the Mayor of Dover, who was the first Englishman to welcome his Msjesty on his debarkation, and unostentatiously placed In his hands a smsllbox, saying as he did so, "I hope. Mr. Mayor, you will keep this in kind remembrance of me." Upon opening tie case it was found to contain a very handsome and valuable jewelled snuff box. It was of blue enamel, richly ornamented with gold, and having upen the lid the letter "N," set In brilliant*. As tbe wind was ssttlng in very strong from the north east, and the water was somewhat rough, the steamer which was in readiness to convey the Emperor was placed to windward of the pfer. The steamer was the Empress, one of tbe hosts of the Royal Mall Dover and Calais Company. Captaih Smithett having command. The spectacle of the embarkation was one of much in. te rest, and contrasted greatly with the scene presented on the landing The whole ot the cliffs and surround ing heights could he distinctly seen; the vessels of war, forming the main guard of honor, lj ing in the roads, aaily dreshed, and with yards manned, were not, as before, sbromdsd in a dense sea fog. The ships, however, scon became perfectly obscured, but it was fiom the wreathing volumes of white smoke which as gun after gun thundered forth its salute, while, tower ing huh above the tom>, small clouds of curling vapor powted out the spots whence the land batteries were also firing the psrting salute. Priice Albert and the Duke of Cambridge accompanied tbe Emperor and Empress on board the stesmer, where they remained for some time in animated conversa tion! Ihe Empress parted in the most affectionate man ner with the Maichioness of Ely, who had been in at tendance on her Majesty during her stay, and also shook hun ls beartlW *'Ui. Vne OthM lttMBhers of the suite who had accompanied Prince Albert. The Emperor also did the tame P.ince Albert prtvlous to l^g the stesmer, several times shook hand. with the Enaprtis, and, upon finally parting from her kissed hsr Majesty * left hand with earnest and peeeful gansntry The Em^ peror cordially and heartily shook the hands of the Prince and the Duke of Cambridge, the gangway was withdrawn, and immediately after the paddles of the steamer began to revolvs and the Illustrious guestaj sere on the way to their sest of empire. As the "teamer moved slowly oft, the Emperor and anxions to prolong the la*t interview with his Royal Highness, advanced to the side of the vessel, the ror took off his bat onoe more, bowed to Prince Albert, and the Impress thrice kissed the band which his Roy*1 Highness had saluted, several times waved her handker chief . and retired with the Emperor to the saloon pre pared for her accommodation. 1 he firing from the ships was cottinued until tbe steamer bad passed ?ome dis tance out to sea, and until dark clouds of ??*? from the land alone showed the directionwhichthe Empress ard the steamers which accompanied her were taking. The steamer leit the pier about ,^V"tone, and arrived at Bonlogne about four o'clock. _ Their Majesties remained at Bonlogne on Saturday nlghV and would probably attend mass at the military camp at Honvault yesterday, and inspect the troops previous to 1,1 Alter the departure of their Majesties, Wnoe Alb^t, the Duke of Cambridge, Count Waiewski, the MarcWon ess of By, and ethers who had accompanied the Imperial guetta, entered the Lord Warden Hotel, sndnartootofa luncheon, which had been prepared by Mr. Hakes, in the ex nectation of their Majesties taking refreshment previous to the embarkation. HisRoyal H[?iness andthe IJuke of Cambridge left Dover in the royal train at half past 2, arrived In London at a quarter to I >o clock and proceeded at once to Buckingham Palace. *ft rangements made by Inspector Bray, of ,tb' Dover, wbo had a force oFforty men under htm, wersmost judicious, and tended to prevent all oenfasion ing on the pier during the progress of th^roval t?fn fifteen of the French police travelled in the royal train with their Majesties, snd the greater pert of ths Inggsg* snd all the horse- of the F.mperor and his onnveved be eoeelal trsin from the Jondonbridge station STs'f pa.t 7Z on Saturday morning Vo Folkstone, and thence fb Boulogne The arrangements ?*de_ly_tl? Stan thARRtera Company wot? idmlrablf, and, iiotintti SSX^^tns nber of train, continually ran nlmr no less than seven having left for Dover previous SfcWtlK. -o delay inconvenience was exoe rienced by tbe royal party, nor was the ordinary trnOc seriously lnteriupted. arrival of *h? KxrniOB at boclooki The review of 30,0*0 men by the Emperor, whioh has just passed off (8unday, April 23-1:10 P. M.) on the sands opposite the Pavilion Hotel, before which they de filed has been a most splendid affair, and will long he remembered in Boulogne. The Empress was present on the balcony of the Pavilion Hotel. ADDRI8B OP TH1 MrEBOR TO m CORPS LBGI8LATIF OK lkavikg Paris. The Paris Mrmilaur publishes the following as the words addressed by the Emperor to the Deputies on ttoe Hth ultimo > Mm-iecm *? DxrrTTs? 1 wlsfeed to bid yen adlso be- j ttW Iffkyinj, and to thaiA jou fox tfcf pt?/f?rt WW you bsee glrtn me on all the important Uws whiflh t nave giren to you during thin session Mr abtense t> b? of short deration. I think I tbau express roar wati meats by aswnrinbthe government of her Mstesty the yucen of Crest IJrTtaia tliat you appreciate as I <lo all tbe iidvsntage* of tlie alliaaee with F.nyliad (Tea, je? ) We all deaire p?aw. but rm honorable condition*, and only in saeb cat*. If wo ale to coat lane tbe war, I count npon yonr loyal ft^pport. (Yes, yes. > THE WAR IN EUROPE* TBK BOMBARDMENT OP HBBAJHKJFOL. (Knia the 1 ondon Time*, April '2AJ Thi? accounts uf tbe bombardment of .-tebastupol, whlcir hare nsw reached us by tha Kwnch mail pajket, b y wwf of at. Petersburg and by Vienna, are all of ectreme i? > tarrat and we are enabled, th< ogli *tU'.' very imperfeov ly, to reeord Irom the IKk to the- 17tli Inst, tha projiaat of thia gigantic operatien of vrur. The tre opened at ft A. M on the morm ?? of the '.?tb af April, In a torm ot '[ wind and rnin, Whlcb appear to bare driven the ssaaka of the cannonade towards tha Russian lluec', *0 aa to pea vent the eaemy from taking tha raage of oar batteries. In the course of the ">rst day it U seated that tbe aupe iterity of tie fire of tbe albs* wax erttkbliahe* and mato taiscd and that the Russiw batteriee on tl? Mameioa nul hound tewer were nlmoetiulenoei. The Redan ee?tinued to ?*? only eta IJ*i ***? V*en c n had aHeaeed tbe ;4ag?taff battaay. General Oa? Robert raportau on thellth Uat in th?jH?c.d>M gigt ou* troopa had twice drive* tha Buaaiano ttom thata stroa? MOitton? on tha left, and remain naairfrra of thoee ins portant polnta. These strong *'* ? situated in and behind wbavis termed th? Garden ba'.U r^ in hont of the left attnea e# the Fr?ch arty. W. brlisr? tbat tbe principal object of the ? which the allied armies see no w_ engnyd is to ?*** m. Wnnent on this work. Irince Gortscnakon, however, m a telegraphic me as age of the _16th to gt. Petersburg, affirms that, notwithstanding continuous cannonade to wliJah the pleee had then been exposed fer tlx days, betoetopol wns in ?lai?t the same state of defence on tbe 15tli as it had been be fore tbe 9th, and that tbe tosses of the garrison had bUn comparatively small. These statements must be Deceived with suspicion, at tt is the Interest of the Rua ,ian Commander-in-Chief to make the best ?f ^" but our own account*, which ?stent! to tbe 17th, admit that tbe Russians hni ?hown eatMortinary energy aw* endurance in resisting the Are, and It is not yet stato? that any decisive Impression has been made ?* works of tbe town. The magnitude and dur^onofUiis ?truck far exceeding botn in the number and cahbre ar tSw?rable bombardment of Gibraltar by the French and Hpaniards in l^ff^^SS?? in mi liter j history, an<l tbe wbeto of thU extrmor lmary the sfegVo'f SebastopoLeU that n. I j i ?m i General* can hope to effect U to aubduo aii?i IccnpyVome ol Ut. o"ter w?ks which the Russian n?.?rn under tbe command of General Tollebeiw cooetrneted with ho much ahUl a hardihood, y^ eftmeney. AccordmaW while tbe principal effort? of the Frenen directed airainst the triple battery, which thiy tb? ViagitafT battery, but which is commonly VB our Suns ?s tbe Garden battery, our lire U ualalr direeted aaainst the Ureal Redan, in front of ourow* Lancaster battery and Picket's hili; and ^ V1? " tack on the extreme right Is ??c" ^ a I Iront ol the Malakhofl Tower. 01 these l^r*e. attack the first Is the most advanced, and that which most threatens the interior of the tow?. ?K1A We do not anticipate that the eflect of tho nre whicm commenced on tbe 9th of AprU wUl be tbeimmjtdiaU re duction of the place itself, and we shall be well satUfle4 if this attack leaves tbe allied armies in possessloa ot ?om e of the ad vanced work, which are the m*i?^f?oj. of Kebastopol, and hare hitherto proved the midable obsUcles to the success of the Stum of this nature would be thesure.tpled?eofo? ultimate success. I? hai been well observed by a French, contemporsry^ writer of grwt judgmentonmfliUrTa^ fairs that the natural irregularity of ths graanA abiut Sebastopol, and the dlfliculties of tha p?J fi rim hesiesine armies, represent on a lsrge ^5. those defences wMch ' the' art of ^ iortifloa. invents and constructs lor ths pr^tton places less favored by nature. Thus the ravin* tills outside the town, sloping down to ths Tchernaya and the harbor, form so many covered waya, co vi nter-approach? s, and detacned forts, wffohthaRan slan engineers have used with as much ?klll M ut4i uJ. irtiticiai outworke to the town, whin, flaw? !?nnti?r the scientific olhcers or th. aUied armies hava evldeutlr been perplexed by the novsltv and irregularity ground although these circumstances, jadieioa# ?. ^Tved i'ghl have been turned to oar advaata?a. Vhw? the Rumiwis have so placed their new batterieis tm Mount Sapouce as to enlllade our ^Jltloa, f,?"??,npthe attack of the Malakolf Tower. Yet la tha earlier period ot the siege tbe choice of all these external mall clearlv Indicated that important events were shortly to expacted? If* received at first with some uaoe^ t*l?tr tne statement that 15,000 Turks under OnMr Pasba had Unded at Kamleech Bay , hut It ie now aeoer iL.i Aarlv in the nreeent month Col. oimnoMi was sent back to Fupa'oria to organlie this expedltiait. Five French stesmers arrived to conrey the tro?P*' altbouah the weather In the ftrst week ofApril prevent i as Constantinople to ttofttaii aad bafoce longthe tr^ detachments of the Sarflnian corpt ^ fo the seat of war. Before the month of M?r i? mws* advanced It U oertaln that the ~ mea will amount to a lar larger force than had bee? an ticipated. The msdital o Ulcers have been lnstrnctod by Lord^Rsglan to make further preparations for _ the i ?*? tingencies of active war. Dr. HaU tM patents can be accommodated In the hospltals on shsse in the Crimea, including the new huU service, and tbat 620 can. if necessary, be embarked In steamers fitted up as hospital ?Wp?. tbe enemy is not idle behind that range of hills, which altogether masks his positions and his movements free* the^obserratlon of the allied Commanders. Ixw* ttsglsn reports on the ,7th tbat fresh troops "<J ?cnrf derabie convoys have entered the other bodies of troops have quitted It. Thera ean be no doubt that a powerful Russian army enpies the strategical poeltion of 81mpheropol,*w?h vr JSi. - wr HiMi th? IBiportMWj the strength of the troops who h?T* ^ t ended lines of countervalUtion, and to ^ythe whnte of our own Intrenchments, while we are working stea^ onwards towards Sebastopol. We find,, however, aa thiDK in thin recent intelligence to d,^JrJ IuhIJSS conviction we have repeeuSly ,v. .ttaeli ut)on the southern side of the ptaoe may D? the operation of aome p?rt of 'he aiUed armies on Balbek or in the Interior of the Crimea. l From the London Chronicle, April 23.] ? 1 ? * * The latest official intelligence inform* us that, up to the evening of the 10th inet.. the bombardment conti nued with lucceiH, and that tne fire of the enemy's bat teries ban been partially aubdued. The criaia of the ex Sition is at hand, and, perhaps at thia moment, the i of b'ebastopol baa been decided. That the progress made by the allien is great and satiafactory ma y be gleaned from the alienee of the St. Petersburg telegraph, which it ever ready to regale the anzioua ears of the Court of Berlin with wonderful acoounts of Ruaalan succeaaes snd of misfortunes sustained by the allies. The plan adopt ed by the allied commanders ia simple and intellicibaa. The Russian line of defences will be bombarded until aa assault can bs directed on the different positions with ? certainty of auoceas. Eaob redoubt will in its turn fen reduced and occupisd, and then, finally, the south side of the town will lie at the mercy of the besiegers. At tka same time Important operations will he undertakes on different points, which will tend to occupy tka attention of the Russian army of observation, and enable the allies to complete the total invent ment of SebaatopoL The actire cooperation of the for midable naval forces ooncentrated before Bebaatopel wan pit meditated by Sir Edmund Lyons, but the bold nfaua of attach projected by that gallant Admiral has bus modified, we believe, ia oonsequenee of the doubts ral aed by the French commander with respect to the feasi bility of Its execution. The allied fleets will, In ooaaa (jusnce, confine themselves to taking up a position fen* fore the forts and harbor, without attempting to peaa trate the latter. Their preeense will, however, prove invaluable, from the tact that the skOfnl and nameroa* corps of artillerymen wbo have hitherto assiated In da fence of the extended line of Russian en tranob meats, will be amply employed in defence ot the granite eea forts. ? oeience 01 oaiaaiava ? a task ed comparatively easy by the fer 1 net work of fortifliattona. By irklah oorptjl'armtr, the British csmpaign has at length arrived. Theee troops will doubt less be employed in the defence of Balaklava? a task which has been rendered oomp mstion of a tremendous nst m the presence of this Turkish < _ regiments to whoa bad hitherto been confided the occupation of the Balaklava line, will be enabled te move to the front and tahe part In the approaches as sault. That operation demands the poseession of those military virtues which am the especial qualities of tka British soldier, and the discipline, fortituds sad oeafl dence that have ever animated the ranks of th? UrMak army will not fall on this all important ocoaaioai. The terrible Are opened by the linea of tbe besiegsrs, u_poc aevernd In, cannot fail to demorsliie the enemy .Itnnt the confined space occupied by the defenders of Sebavte & their loss ot life is oecesaartlr immsaee, and Pnaoo tschakoff himself hsa admitted that above 800 killad and wonaded formed the leault of tbe flrat day " boas basdment A similar loss of life if repeated eaah dajp, cannot prove other wiee than fatal to tbe morale of Hm Rnsaiaa trooos A few dsys will communicate to as la - tX*ace?E-t interest; snd we flrmiv believa that recompense of the bitter hardsblpe endured fey oar |il Unt soldier* In the Crimea, sad of the sac ri floss any ported without s murmur by the British nation, is Mi for distant. rfarts (April 80.) Correspondence of Iowdon News.) it is eertaia that sons news must have been received from tjehastopol, which the government thinks it expn W krj V?U' > M4 others who habiting

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