Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 5, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 5, 1855 Page 2
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?eeeiva th? latest Intelligent, are ult*rly without Infor mation te-day, ?nd f<Ml ciritia tha". p'iv?w ti?t?<rapli.c d'i|HKbci muit nave beeo sappreaaal fin rem trie it obneus that Oanroio-c's despatch, f>ecupjiag lot four Mo** of the .V imiteur, ii eitre-ne'y jejwu nn?ati<fa tory, cons jer n< that i: fNlMM to g.v? tie mm\j result! known ?' five days' conUnuoas bumiard saant. I am enabled to ?t*.t? that ths .V ?as M'in renndelled '?st nigh'. after It hal bsen rattled for the pre?a. Nobody a*. all eouversant w ih the way In whiah those things are man ige.1 sippoaes tl?*t the pu j lished despatch attriauted to Canrahert U a textual oapr of the on? sent by him. I a<n*t'>U tbat ha add* an expression or bis opinion that be will "not *>e able to hold the p >sitiong taken." Wnat tliese pusit ooa MM M left in a atate of doubt. T&e despUsb say*:? "After ha Ting twie* f riven the enemy from their stroog petition on the left, we remain masters of tbem " Does iki. n?ean the left of the allies or tbe left of the Rus sians In tbe flrst case tbe success gained nut have been on the quarantine side. In the second, tbe poii tiena taken must hive teen those which adjoin and pro tect tbe MalakolT Towe . But the importance of tain pomli n U to well known tint tbe Mon.'teur would not, ft ia presumable, have failed to call attention to tli? fact had we gained any materiU advantage on that side. Besides, when a general speaks of "the left," he ia usual ly understood to mean bia own left I have been pri ?alelf informed that the engagements alluded to did in reality take place on tbe Quarantine position, aul I aannot hut fear that the ambiguity noticed in the V<mi tfur is not accidental. On tbe other hand, there is a ru mor tbat some very good news haa arrived, an 1 that it ia not published, in order that the Emperor may an nounce them (or tbe first time to the Boulogne camp. I wish 1 could bel eve this. rKWCB eO&TSCHAKOKr'B ADDRESS TO THE BCS8IAN SOIDIEH8 A n Austrian journal publishes th? following order, addressed by Prince UortsehakoiT to tbe garrison of Se baatopol. on bis arnval on tbe lii'th of March:? Boldlerb !? Ilis Majesty has deigned to appoint me to thee remand of the isa md land forces in the Drunia. Brave w&rriois, all Kus-ia is proud of your heroic courage, and out great kmperor Nicholas 1 , on his death#-'!, taroed his last looks towards you wth gratitude. His ?accessor, hit majesty the reigning Emperor AWan ier II., ban deigned to express himt elf as fol'o *s, in letters ad?ir?r.xeo to me on tbt* oi and 7th of March: ? 'Tell tie brave defenders of ."ebastopol, in the name of our im ?crtnl benefactor, that tbe Emp-r)r Nich>lan was proud ?f them and tbat be '.bought of them on hia deathoed, and sent them, through roe, tbe expression of hie last and cordial gratitude. Veil our brave soldiers that I thank them in his name, and tbat I am perfectly Mavieed Uu? they were always worthy of his pa ternal solicitude " Suld'orN, the moat difficult time is over Tlie raids are hotter, trioeportw of every de ?eription arrive easily, and consider* ole reinforcements sent to your support are on tbe way. In taking eocnnsnd of this army I am convinced that, with God's Messing tuccesa will fin illv crown our efforts, a ad that we will certalnlv justify the li ip<as of our august sovereign Adjutan' (Jenr-rnl Osten 8a :ken, who directed the defence of Ssbastopol with ho micb honor, an 1 his companion, tbe brave Admiral JN'achimo'.T r-?u ne to .Uy their former functions. GORTi JHAKOFF. THE EMPEROR OF THE FRRNOH TO TAKE COMMAND OP CdE ALLIED kR'lY. [Kroio tbe London Herald, April 13 J Should the negotiations pending at Viennt 'ail to pri on r? an honoratil* pie:e the Empjror of th? Frsach will p*oe*ed forthwith totbe Crimea to susfirlntend or com mand tbe military operations ih?re. The Empress will aocomptor Napoleon III. Tbe Emperor, i.ord Palmerstnn, Sir John Burgoyne, and o'ber distinguished parties necea*arr to such a coa fere nee, had confidential communications at Windsor last wee*. DonDtfoss the natural reluctance of the French Minis try to represent the imperUl authority in the absence of tbe Kmperor must render them anxious to retain his presence and responsibility in France at tbe proseut time, and it might bo urged by them fhU the internets of Europe may he more involved by ths absence of Louis Napoleon from Europe than even bv a comparative com promise with Russia; but the Emperor thinks other viae. OPERATIONS IN THE BALTIC. Two thousand laborers were employed in strengthen ing the fertificati'TOS ?f K ga. t-roni-tidt. riwaaborg, ? Helsingfore, Revel, Wilbor and other fortresses on th? Baltic have been provisioned for eighteen mouths, and ships laden with rocks have been sunk at the entrances of the harbors. One hnnnred and twenty thousand is the pre?<>nt nominal atretgth of the army concentrated ? tbe Ruaso- Baltic province*. Most of tbe British ad vanced squadron were in the Great Belt, detained by ire, but one or two ships had penetrated further fato the sea. Twelve thips of ilie line, with four steamers, under Admiral lun^as, had come up and anchored at Kiel, at tie time of tbe last at vices. THE "VIENNA CONFERENCE? POSITION OP AUS cRlA. [From the I/mlon Times, April 20.1 ? ? * -w # # The position ami policy of Austria at this conjuncture ?li?, undoubtedly, the moat obneure element la the af fairs of Europe, ami #e purposely ajst?ia from for.aing any precipitate judgcreui, 01 tho v!aar?e which the Court of Vteuoa may eventually a lopt Cautious to ex ess, deliberate ib ill its taavsnieats, and exposed to a con diet o! interests such a" no other European Po ver has 10 deal with, the An- trim government has ao easy task to perform. The slow pri'g.'esa of the all'ei forces iu their operations against SebaitJpil, the appirent ex hauftioii of onr military reaourcit; iu the oourje of the winter campaign, the continued ia'rigufs of Prussia io the Germanic Diet, ami paw.bly tlio JeatVof tkefett ?^Nicholas, have all contributed to moi.fy in ?omi 5og, e# Potion of the Cabinet of Vienna sin ? the treaty of the f*' ?? P.e;?mber was sig-uecL nearly flre months ago. But, on U?i other hand all the great political motive* wWli led Austria to contract that alliance are still in fall lorce and operation. Count 3uol has repeiteJly de alartd in his official notes that the restoration of peace is an object of paramount necessity to Austria, but that ?he could not hope to obtain it either by a system of asutrality or by the exertions and sacrifices of tvo other powers: and the discussions of tne last few days must more than ever have convinced tlitt Minister that it is by the active eo operation of Ar.stria alone that peace is now to be speedily obtained. The conditions cn which the Ottoman empire and the rest of Europe est be permanently secured frim the aggressions of KushU. have been folly aad repeatedly discussed at Vienna. Austria has recorded her entire concurrence in the views of the Western Powe-s; for, in (act. if tooss conditions were succeseialty oppo.'ei or evaded by Rus aia, Austria herself kno?g t iiat she would be the prin cipal, if not the first victim. But, lastly? and this is the most important point of *11? as AustiU piaoed herself in a position of autagn sUm towards Russia, anil as her rflatiou* with PrusMa degeD* rated into uc acrimoaioue sltero-atioo. cne tuojg'it at, deliberately, to resort to the French allUnse, and to pleee herself on the most friendly tooting with this country. These steps have l.e-u already taken; they are sanctioned and ratified by a formal treaty be ?ween the tbrfe Powers, concluded for purposes which ?re not to be obtained except oy force of arms; that treaty was proposed, and we roty almost say dictated, by Aus tria herself; and we are at a loss toconcsive that, all tne Main political facts in Europe remain ng unchanged, a great power would stultify and annul engagements eater ?cd into with so much solemnity bat a f?w months a< o. The preamble of ti&t treaty declared that the three Pow ers were "animated by the desire to put an end as soon as possible to the presfnt war by the re-estatrfUhment of peace on t- solid baste, giving to the whole of Europe fall guarantee* against the nature of the events whi-.h have to unhappily i!i> turned its tranquillity, and that they were convinced that nothing would ten J ino.e effec tually to insure this result than the com Mute union of their efforts, until the eutir?* re Uiiuit'on of the propxel object. " The stipulation* of the treaty were only tie preliminary meant to be resorted to for the restoration wt peace, but if these measures were ineffectual the three Powers bound themselves to concert oth <r an 1 more de cisive measures for the attainment of their object ilt'S definitive engagement, as we remarked at the time it was tdgaed, is even more remarkable 'or the principle it establishes than for the provisions H introduces, that principle binds us all to common to jiursne this work, whether by negotiation or by war. unt>l we hfc obtaiued all we aro eontend>ag for: and. If Russia hetself rejects the compromise which has been offered to tier, no other raoi * remains of enforcing those demands and executing that treaty than that of conquest It is true that Fr.n*e aud Eagland have staked their military reputation 011 the neons* ef the Cr"??an expedition, and Austria has not the <??n military merest in that enitrprine: [iut her political Merest la its succeee is mhoh greater e?en tuan on - own. The time is come when, if this war is not brought to an ignominious termination, which we do no*, inn 1 glnc to be possible, it must assume a brnaler political oharacter. It is not +he influence of Runslt over Tur key that we have to dreed, for there it -flet and vanished before our armies; th? influence which Russia his *ac ?eesfully eitabiished and emp'oyed againet us is that which pervadrstbeCkrmbaCiurtt! and which hae phuted a eseret agent of the Russian policy on aloos' every German throne. The one thought which bae restored to Austria her ascendancy throughout Germany? that H, ever the German people ? is the hope that th? Km peror Francis Joseph has a policy and a will of his own ; and of all the discouraging results of the Vienna Ccnlercn-e the most fa'.al wouli he ths diecevery tbat the fi.-mne.s and indepenlenre of ibteyeeng sovereign ate unlerminned or destroyed. THE COST OF THE WAR. FTNA.NCRS OP rRANCF AVD KNOT. AND. [From the London Chronicle. April 23.1 ? ? ? ? e s o Almost centemporanr .in sly w th the presentation of the Budget to the Brit sh Pari ament, the official r?turn revenue and expenditure for the year H55-1 h?? been T nhlished :? France, in the cistomary f->*m of > rej->-t 1 rem the ooamfttoe of tbe Corp* U gislatlf. who were specially charged with the duty of inveitfgatlng ths nancial condi "ion of that ;o:intry. The two program Ken offer many pointa of cartons and suggestive com 1 arlson. First, it ic noticeable that the French govsrn ?tent hae contrived to provide for the ear expenditure, io far a# all probable out ay is concerned, without show tag any deficit requiring to he filled up by a loan Se condly, we remark that tbe whole charge occasioned by the war seems to bo far more under command, as well as of far leea inflated amount, amiog our allier than our ' own gr*vernn?ent can contrive to mase It. Sir O. C Lewis ia forced to confess a mucb larger out and at the same t!?? to cover possible emrs and exeeea by a very considerable margia. His expense sheet includes a sum of nearly JC'?,000,000 sterling, made up of items that are reckoned as tertaintiss , and, m addition, he demands a cod t of ?3,000,000 on the anWtary servires, and a further surplue of more t^ian 44,000 000 on the genera! account, to meet coattngsn eiee. The eet'mated chaqfi wan statad by the English Mtaistar to be? For the army, ?18 214 000; for tbe navy, <10,163,000; ani for the ordnance, ?7,806 000, dn ring the etrrenl jear. Including the s-pi ismeotal vote "f credit be tu*. down t./u grmt an',i?ipnU<l rhnrffe /or mili tary purpoia 101 (Am y.c yeor at mm/thing tinrt. than ?43,M0,000. In 1853-4, the Vurf year nf pmtr, %01'trt remind# that the military djx<r tmfrti* cort us un Ur ?11 .500,000, (uul, /art ut<*r th( ' Utloy O iota! of HttU over &JO.OOO 00C. Id Franc* the grots charge for the army, during the cun?nt j ear, la estimated at 340.0(0,(00 franes, or ?t3,t00l0t0. for which cum a military foroe, comprising .'178 911 men. and 90 0(H) horse ?. wilt be kept ou * wax i <>t og. llnder the betd of marina and colonies the cut'uy ii computed at 1^3,660,000 trancs, or something lets than ?t.O00, too sterling. In addition it should ba r?a>em*iered that in the distribution of charges a large mi" of p?n?:ons and allowance*, annuitiea to members of tbe Legion of Honor, au<l other provisions which re place id the French iysvem tbe turn voted for fcalf-pty, Gieenwirh and CheUea Hoipitalf, and other "ineffective services," by tbe House of Conflbon*, are carried to the account of the Mialater of the Interior. By io much, therefore, muat tie French estimate be augmented in order to justify a comparison with oar own. But even aiter making ample allowance for these items of charge, it will appear tnat the whole military acpemliture of fYance falU vci'hin ?20,000,000 annwilly in the present time of war, white that of England it expected to exceed ?43 000,000 ! The general statement of tbe French Exchequer exhi bits a pross out'ay under every department of about ?M, 000 Of 00 sterlmg, cr a little more than the sum wli'ch Sir G. C. Lewis expects to raise in England from tbe taxes bequeathed by his predecessor in ofHoe. The inttrett of debt in France occasions a charge of only 464,000,100 trancs or at>out ?18,000,000 sterling. Our own debts of every desciiotion entail a charge of ?27. 2(0,000. On the oiber band, the French Treasury is charged with a multitude of payments which on this side of the (Jhannt-1 are defrajed out ot local taxation; sad tbe public r>alaoue sheet also contains itwma, both of expenditure and n.?enue, that are incurred and received uprn account of the communes. The grosi total, on both sii'es, if thus fictitiously augmented ; but the net result remains, that tbe amount required for "supply services'' ? all war expenses inclusive ? Is lees 'ban one. half tbe aggr gate a*aDanied by our own C'uuncell ir of tbe Exchequer. Must It be aaded to this Glsptragiog contrast that, while the Committee of the Corp* Li-gislatif claim to have " reconquered tbe military and political piepondnance in Kurjpe " at tbe cost of the enhanced oi'.tlav wbir.ta France has undergone, w u, oa our pirt, vVall bsve nothing to show for our uioney but % compro mised administration and discredited cepirtmeata 1 THE PBO VISIONAL GOVERNMENT OF EtfO LAND -VACILLATION OF LORD PALilEli BION. [From the Ix>ndon Chrom;le, 23 ] The mini >,-.?* appear to ce ssrambliog through the tension, witb do otr<r object but to gain tiini Th=-y are eiemingly coikcuuh ol being only a provisional go vernmi ut. r?uui eating all the vacillation in policy, and u 1 the executive weakness, 01 those anomalous Institu tions. Considering the pant prest'go of lx>rd Palmer a ton, it was surprising enough that he should have founl 10 much difficulty in forming an alminlstratlou, such as it appears. Indeed, pi! haps it 1 a saying too much to speak of it as a complete whole. No one has ever seen a (all list of itsmembeis. For aught the public know, eome lord or other may even yet come etraigiing in, to fill seme pokt, superior or subordinate, tbe long nvghot of whose duties had caused it to be forgotten. It is a couBDon phraee of whlcu politicians dui? u?e? that of 1 her Majesty's ministers. " The gentlemen who fill at tli? present moment tie high offices of State ? are they the miniiters of the crown, or only the Hat?)llteti of Lord Palmerstoo? Government by pirty is the mach'n-ry of the British constitution. Without it our representative system and the functions of the sovereign become a mockery. It is only by tbe antagooiiim between the ins ana the outs that our governmental institutions work at all From tbat seeming discord come tlic h armooy and the vigor of act on which bave made English leg-.Mation tae ac mira tion of the civilized world, and have inspired so many nations with the desire to imitate us in this res pact. It is the implied c edition of ths acoeplanm of ofllce by a premier that he shall have a policy. Only :n very rare instances? such as those of William Pitt at. the outset of hi* ministerial career, and of St Robert l*eel, wben be made his first ccurageous s'.and against the wh'gs, in 18S4 ? is it permit:ed to a statesman entrusted with the duty of forming an administration not to have a ma jority in the House of Ommoas A ministry holding office on tujferance will neoer command the r.Mpa-t of the country A min stry with a clearly defined scheme of goverun.ent may hold office even without the confidence of Parliament, if it shall appear tothe sove reign and to the people at large, thac at no very distant period it w>U conquer rt pup nances and command public support. But a ministry witbout either a present or a fu*ure policy is an anomaly whtoh never wan con'em ? listed by the framers of our constitution; nor is it in he nature of things that it can command the confidence of the nation, either now or nereafter. If we look to the state of affairs of the country iu its rmtion with foreign nations, we are at a loss to knosr in wbat respect the gentlemen composing the ministry of Lord Palmerston can be called the ministers of the cro ?n ? still less, how they can be regarded as possessing the confidence of the people. The week just past bas slurri ed pretty strong ev.dence cf the r?al state of the feeliaga alike of the sovereign ana her subject), ll it be object ed that the crown, according to the workicg of our con stitution, is not supposed to hav? opinions oa State affairs, the reo'y is ojvious ? tbat this may be a very good rule when the sovereign has a minister with a definite po?i-y, ou which he stands or falls before the people. But in the absence of inch a constitutional adveer, or wben the post of counsellor is usnrped bf a faineant, '.he King or Queen for tlie time beia< becomes the ijuai'Unn of the interests of the puople, or responsi ble for their neglect. It is exactly at such a time, when the crown and ibe people ? judging from the demonstra tion* of the past week ? are uuanlmous as to the coarse which tbe country ought to taie at n. crisis of great peril, that some authority is necessary which sha'i call to account a minister who systematically evades his re sponsibility, and aliuflles out of parliamentary pun sh tt^nt D> fTerT ifTHO'ole art or delay. Whetb fe tie Ci'ewn?-lv#. ?o?!ign p<ilicy of the country at the present moment? la ? *? be found m the public acts of the accredited acvlsers of tf?# prown. Hardly Rather must we look for it in thr. hetwljf "'J tfi- Queen ami I he nation together, of the crowncl npt'i ? tentative of our aVies , one of whole object i in earning here *utorii,usly vat to stimulate the flagging energies of the minister, to whom the people had by acclamation conjided thr task of making their will knoim to the world, anl of putting in'o rreciuion tlirir wail ike resolve. The apathy of l.nrd Pslrnerston iu these respects if inexplicable. Has h? expended all his fire in revolutionarv speech making, all his; diplomatic energy in petty intrigues to embroil foteigu iiaticns in quarrel? Was his boasted vigor as a foreign minister no better than a syste matic betrayal of " oppressed nationalities," or a series of cubaiog mamcuvres to opio new markets for cotton? In oroi?ary timer, the public nrght put np with this kind of ministerial sbsim, as tVy have coniemptuou-ly submitted "to so many before; bat we are at the present moment in a difficulty far more seri ous ttian seems on the surface ot tli'ugs. This is no time for clever trifiers, or mere adepts iu Parliamentary or diplomatic intrigue. The country < emands a states man, grand in purpose and strong in will. We can no longer live on traditions, or trust our national fortunes to exploded reputations. We are drifting on to a political vortex, In the charge of an iodifTereut or an imoeciie pilot. Looking at thu prooceedmps of our Parliament since the opening of the session, in what respect do they ihow our representative institutions superior to those of France at the present moment" The -'Corps Legi?iaUf" at least adopts useful domostic measures? the House of Commons only votes money. A mora delicate compliment to the Emperor Napoleon the Third could scarcely have been conceived. The llcuse of Commons, it is clear, will not muci longer submit to have its fanctions put in abeyance. It talses a long time to exhaust a reputation sufhasthat which l?rd Palmerston enjoyed, when he was carrie 1 into office on the shoulders of the people. Their repre sentatives have hitherto waited iu reliance rn the minis ter. A?parecily, Lord Pslroereten -orsiders that the crisis was made for him, not V? for tic <jrl?is. To* na tion did nat mnke him Premier merely tn gratify his na tural aesir? to fill th?* post. Nor did the sovereign cou fide to him tbe chief power thu,. he uil^ht till nil the offices of Statu with bis own connection* It was a gre*t thing, no doubt, to *et up "Palmerston" a* a kial of standard, to show tfat the satton tnsant to carry mat ters to extremitisa ait linst tbe common er.euu But this great gun ba? i>seo tired oil. and the at ? Emperor of KuesUha- not yet succumbed. We are nearlr t<?a were, as regai t's fore gu affairs, and in domestic mat* ters uecidecly worse off At present, the Palmerston ministry has dene nothing but supersede the Pail amtnt and attempt to crush the press. This U the noble pre mier's little] coup d'etat. Sow, Napol?oniem is a very good thing on the other side of the Straits, but as yet we ha to not shoan ourselvas so iaoorrigil]e that It should be parodied here. SECOND MANIFESTO OF LOUR NAPOLEON ON THE WAR Wll'fl RUSSIA. / [From tbe '?'aria Moulteur, April 10 j POLITICAL PAKT. After havieg toU the country the whole truth on the plan of tbe campaign and on the expedition to toe East, it remains for us to state bow policy understood its taek, its duty, th- honor cf France, aud the interests of Ku tope. What wrre the general causes of the war? For what interests were Frauee and Fngland to cirry their military and naval forces so far from their own shores? On wbat points do the different States of Europe touch upon this question of Europeau or ler ? What is the ob ject which ought to be kept In view for the interest* of sli? How aie tne four guarantees t o be uuderstood an I accepted on either aide as a basis for negotiation? la it just, is it ui*'ul, to the power of Kiissia In the Hbick Sea? What will be the results of the Vienna Con ference, for peace or for war ' That is what we wish to examine in the seer oil part of this task, that on the eve of the decUiM notation now under achievement public opinion, completely enlightened, may accept with e |u il eonfldtnee peace, if it is possible? war, if it is neces esry. ibe commencement of this great struggle is known; It originated in a small claim brought against Turks* oa the aroand of concessions she had greeted in f? vir ot the Latins in the Holy Land. Hussi i only wanted a pre text. For bsr the tomb of Christ was only a stepping stone to power. Bnt that sacred stone could not became a stumbling-block for the peace of the world Ths government of the Emperor of the Vrench, by regulating that question in the m^et equitable man ner, forced the cabinet of St Petersburg to unmask Its real thougbte Everv ore at onoediscoverel that Russia had only originated the discussion to open the Boson ras to her sovereignty. Tbe t'oroed interpretation which she drew from tbe treaty of Kalnarfji was, in fact, nothing else than the mrral fall of the Sultan. The question thsa ceased to be a religions one? it became a politic tl one. The whole of En rope tonnd itself engaged Id It. It be came necessary to make it nnderetand Its Interests, de fend its rights, and show Its strength. >11 the efforts of tbe French Government were direetod to tbat result. England, deceived at first by tbe pre tended religions character of the question, very soon un derstood, with her clear and straightforward com -non een?e, ite real bearing. Mio felt, like us, the threat aod arroganoe of that domination, and her hand was stretoh ed forth to meet ours already extended to seal the al liance between tbe two great countries who represent the civilization of the West For France, as for England, the Eastern question re presented an intereet superior to that of thoir own am hition. Russia wished to dominate at Censtwtlnople. It was necessary to prevent It Run* la, mistress o.' tbe Black ite, hawing only to extend her hand to touch the Bosnhonis, placed tbe Mediterranean under the menace ef too fleets of Sebaetopol. In advancing towaris the PardaaeliM she brought her frontiers to the f horse of the Mediterranean. Wherever bar vessels oonld reach, bar preponderance was assured. From her inaccessible porta ? be touched all empire# and alt kingdom Not only bad France aad England a rival, not only did Ger many bend beneath the weight of the Colossus that leant upon her, bn- Greece, Italy. Spain, k^ypt, and all the secondary State*, found themselv** struck by the tame blow in their security and Independence. Strange circumstarce t Europe had abut Its eyes to this in vasion of the north In 1828 France and England, burn ing the Turkish fleet at Nav*rino, destroyed th* force which protected the west. At that period we sought an ally at St. Petersburg, instead of beholding there an ad versary of our mfluenoe and of our civilisation. In 1840 Eogland, Prussia, and Austria, leaving asice the Cabinet of the Tuiieries, egain united themselves without suspi cion. Sebastopol, dosed to every investigation, hiding in its inaccessible port the activity of its dockyards and arsenals, did not appear to any one aa a menace. It waa forgotten that as far back as 1806 a fleet left that point with 12,000 men on board, landed tbem in Italy, and brought the Russians and French in contest in the Me diterranean. Yet tbat was a warning worthy or record, for it proved tbat Russia frrm the creeks o(the iSuxine, by the domination of the Strnlte, oonld reach to the en trance of the Adiiatic. tome years later Russia, having to struggle against France united to Austria, defined ber invading policy much more precisely by the object she pursued and by tlie means she employed. The plan of that policy is a revelation In Itself. We borrow it from an authentic dccument recently published in the memoirs of a states man, Admiral IicnakofT, to whom the Emperor Alexander Save the following instructions under dale of April 19, 812: ? The astute conduct of Austria, which has Jest allied iUelf with France, obliges Russia to emplot every meant in its power to disconcert the nut-tile inteutiens of those two Powers. The most important is to turn to our aeeoant the militarv genius ot the Slavonic peonle, as Servia, Bosnia, Dalmatia, Monteuejro. Crolia and Illjria, wlio, oace annu l and ut-der military organization, would eo operate power fully with o?r operativ e. The Hungarians, dissastisfied with the prbcei/diu/s of thtlr actual government, oiler to us also an exce'leut means for alarai ig Austria, lor raakn; a diversitn to her bo?tlle ideas, and. con?ennently, for weak < nlng ber resources All these tribes anited to our regular t loops would form a very Imposing militia, not only to pro vide agiiinet the hostile intentions of Austria, but to effect a marked diverilon upon the right wing of the French dobsos tions, and to pive ns a sure meansof striking a blow tu the direction of > lasa or Sophia. The object oi the diverilon ugsirst r'rance must b? to ocoupy Boiuia, Dalmatia, Croa tfa, and to direct their militia upon the moat Important joints of the Adriatic, moio espocitllv on Trieste, jfiutue, Bocca-di-Cattaro, so as to esta-lish there, aocordinifto up per tuiity, r> 1-. tior ? with tho English fit ot.und to muko ev?ry effort, to far into a flam* the discontent in the Tyrol and hwitserlend. and to uct in common with thoae brave popu lations, dissatisfied with their actual government. Vou uu?t employ every possible means to exalt the Slave popu lations, to bring tbem to serve our object. For example, 2 on can promiee them independence, the erection of a Slavo in). dom. peenniary rewards for the most influential men among tbem, deer rations and suitable titles for the chi?fs and trcopa iinally. you lnav add to those meaus any other >ou may deem expedient to gain them over most conforma ble to actuul circumstance?. men *ere me vrews of Russia as far bask ?k lSl'J, not only aj' ainst France, but against Austria. This incen diary jiian could not liavs left the archives of St. Peter* burg at a more fitting moment to show to Europe, and efpi-cially to the CabUet of Vienna, the immense inte rest that every one must hive to put finally a barrier t > a policy which completely justified by its msans an 1 ob jects the foresight of th? Emperor Napoleon I. If the heir* of Peter the Great shr.uld ever dominate at Con Mcrtiiiopltt by the Black Sea, Austria, surrounded, em traced ou ail sides by the powerful arm of Ruuia, would be at the mircy of an enterpiUe such an the raring; Bind of the fcmperor Alexander hud conceived. Hungary, open to its notion by the Danube, would be given up 1o all the excitements of its remembrances. The Adriatic, exposed to tbe brusque at '.ack of a ^Uve coalition, would cease to be the mart and bulwark of the Austrian empire, and the key of the Gulf of Trio its would pass by a surprise from Vienna to 3t Petersburg. There in therefore nothing more legitimate, mora necess-.ry, and mote just before Got and univer sal conscience, than this resistance of which the two naval governments of tbe West gave the sig nal in the month of April, 1854. England and Prance drew tbe sword in the cause of every other f-tate. Tb-ir Aim en and fleets were tbe avant.-gtirdea of Europe. Having the honor of arriving first on the thea tre of war they had the right to expect they would be followed there, and tbey confidently awaited Austria and Prussia at this rendezvous of the equilibrium and of the independoneo of European order. Atstria and Prussia did not hesitate to place them selves in the solidarity of the interests for the defence of which France and England were about to fight. In the protocols feigned at Vienna they r?c< golzed the rights of lurkey they rejected the advances of the C/.ar, who, not uaring to ask tkeir support, confined himself co pro pose t<> them resignation and neutrality; tbey united Themselves by a treaty for the guarantee of German hit" rests; tbey placed their armies on a war footing, and they invited tbe German Con'ederation to follVw their example; but, while preparing themselves for action, tie two great German Powers hesitated toast. It was not courage which tbey wanted? for governments that lave tbe respond oility of the lienor an i welfare o' their country at heart are never deficient io that; what ihey wanted wss confidar ce Co interested in the causes of tte war, tbey were uncertain of its object. It was that object whi:h it was necessary to define, so as to leave them no cabse for hesitation or distrust. Tbe Fnperor, in opening tne legislative session of 1&54, said in bis speech:? Europe Is aware beyond a doubt that if France draws ?1-e sword it is because she is compelled to do so. It i nowg ibat Franoe has no idea of acirtnUzement . She inly wishes to resist dangerous outbursts; and I am I rouil openly to declare that toe time of conquests is ir tevocahly ;ast, for it is not by extending tne limit:) of ts territory that a nation can henceforth become lio utred and powerful; it is by placing itself at the bead of > onerous ideas, by making every where to prevail the impireof right and justice. That solemn declaration left no doubt npon tbe char cctcr of tbe war; it allowed no distrust of tr>e intentions f tbe governments of France and England. Tnu*, Vrtfn pern any had the question put to us bow far we ntccied to go, it was e?B y for M. lroiyn de l'Huys, in loncert with Lord Clarendon, to reply in the nam? of be Emperor in his memrrable note to 1(. de Bourque ney, in formulating the general conditions upon which ibe allied Powers would consent to treat tor the restora tion of peace. Those conditions comprise what is con ventionally understood by the "Four guarantees " Germany, however, would tot come to a desiiion, an 1, wbile notes and counter-notes were exchanged between Viei na, Beilin, and S'. Petersburg, war continued and developed itself in the Crimea; France and Vnglanl fought before Sebastopol far the common cause, and tbey lavished their blood for the independence and equl librium of Europe. Finally Austria asked us if we would still consent to treat npon the basis of the four guaran tee* The hesitation was long in tbe councils of the two allied Powers It appeared to them that, after such glo rious efforts and such sad sacrifices, after having gained two victories, at Alma and Inkermann, when their ar mies were besieging eebastopol, and when their fleet i occnpied tbe Black res, tbey had the right to exact more. But tbe interest of sn alliance with Austria for peace as for war overruled the inspiration of thoie legitimate ex actions. Tbe treaty of the 2d of Deccmiier was the re sult of tbatpoiloy. It was, therefore, from consideration to Austria, from tbe desire of an offensive and defensive all aoce with tier, and to give to Germanv an unequivocal proof of mode ration, that we accented tbe overture of negotiations on the basis of the fonr guarantees, reserving to ourselves always tbe right of Introducing therein aoy other con dition ibat might result from tbe chanoe.i of war. On the part of tbe allied governments, this act of mo deration cost nothing to tbeir dignity, nor to the inte rests which tbey defend; for, had it been~so, tbey never would have given their consent. In fact, there was but one of two thing* possible : those negotiations would succeed or would fail. If successful, Kurope, by tbe four guarantees, obtained conditio* s which, four months prevmusly, Count NesselroJe declared be could only ac cept at ter ten years of disastrous warfare; if a failure, Austria, whose alliance became an offensive one, entered into aimed action, and the weight of ber sword wruld soon ootain by war what her influence could not effect in tbe conferences. Tli us. in either case, it fts well to negotiate at Vienna, while continuing all th-< same to fight in tbe Crimea. As regards tbe condit'ons of peace, ootllng can be more just, more moierute, more conformable to the r'ght? and inte rusts of Eur jpe. It will be easy for us *o e.-Lablish the by characterizing clenrly the thought which dic'ated tbcm and tbe object which they w-re to achieve. Ibe first of the four condition*, in putting an end to tbe protectorate of Russia in tbe I'naiipalitlej of Moldavia, Wa'lachia and S^rvia, and in placing tbeir privileges under the collective guarantee of tbe great Powers, takes .iwav from the Cabinet of ?t. Petersburg the rights which it pretended to hold from ancient tieaties, and which werv oaly the means for sub jugating those populations, for dominating Turkey, for approaching Austria on her most vulnerable side, and for troublug tbe whole nt Europe; the tecond, by stipu latmg the free navigation of the Iianube. liberates tu? commerce of nil natiocs ? especially of Austria ? from tbe moral and material obstacles which Impede it. an 1 throws open the mouths of that gr'at river to the States of which it is tbe fortune and the defence. Tbe fourth, in delivering Tursey from the pretensions of Rusua to a religious protectorate over the Gree'i sub Jects of tl>e Sultan, nevertheless assures more than ever freer om of conscience at the same time that it des tioys the supremacy which 'he f.'zsri arrogated to them selves, tbe political object of which, the better to im pose, was concealed under a religious mask. As regsrds tbe third of those conditions? that which bas for Its object to Umit the preponderance of Rus sia In the fllack Sea? we have reserved it ex pressly as the most important and most contested, so as to explain is here, categorically F>rit or all, how must it be understood? Evidently an? thing equivocal on so grave a point cannot suit any one. Tbe allied government!, who have a conscious ness of the justice of their pretensions, have not feared defining them. Russia has turned the Slack Sea iuto a lake; ihs iins gradually founded maritime estab l ?hmcDts there of the first clan; she has accumulate ! there, with as much perseverance as mystery, consiiera ble naval forces, and it may be said that by that exclu sive domination of the Black Sea she liae placed Con stantinople in a permanent stats of siege. This state of things Is not possible, because It is 1m eompatlbl* not only with the iut?grlty of the Ottoman empire but with tbe security of the whole of Europe France and fngland, in demanding Russia to limit her power in fse Pluck Pea, or to netitralizs that sea, are therefore completely in their light. If that remit was not obtained by peace or by war, such a peace would be ephemeral and such a war useless; and, let it be well observed, this demand for the limitation of Russian power, or for the neutralization of the Black Pea, doei rot respond only to Anglo-French internet*, It respoad* a'?o to the Interests of Austria, for which tae Dana tie, a ci mmercial and military river, L-ta magnif) -sent highway, ojen to her activity towards tbe Kuxlne and Asia. An argument is brought against tbi? pretention which we do not think serious ; it is said to tne Allied Powers, "Von ask a concession from Pnssia, which at most might be the price o' the sur render of Se has to pel, and that place Is still held by tbe Russian army." Onr reply is this:? Tne law of nations grants that a portion of what is obtainsd by war may ?e kept by peace. We hnve not yet taken Eebastopol, that is true; bnt what is Sevastopol at the present mo trient to Russia? It Is no longer a navsU port, as her fleet, sunk at tbe month of the harbor, or shut up be hind that insurpaseabls barrier, Is withdrawn from the etfuggle. The Black Sea is the battle- field which we hava ww? or, if thsy Hk? It, which hat btn abau doMd to at by tbe iwnr The Russian flig coul i sot ?how Itself ibere. Oar ship* ud those of England and Turkey navigate it is every sense. Iu domination ha* changed hand*. It haa gone from Sebastopol to Constantinople. Who compels as to give up this pledger Is not such a situat-on the very best we could have? And not only do we oceopv tbe Bltck Qea. but we be siege Sebaatopol, ws are fortified at Kamieach and at Balaklava, Omer I'asba is entrenched at Eupatoria, Odessa is menaced by our fleets. Wbat can Russia do * Can hhe suffer for any length of t mo without detriment to her moral strength and without ruin to her oommeroa, tbe blockade which will shut her up in evory part of the Black Sea and in the Baltic t Could she live in that paralysis wbiob in her strikes tbe vital prin ciple of nations ? that is to say, movement, action, the right of exporting and exchanging her produce, and which would condemn her to isolation, sterility, to po tency, in the immensity of her empire? To ask Russia to limit hft caval forces, or to neutralise the Blask Sea ? that is to say. to exclude therefrom all vessels of war of any nation whatsoever? is therefore tohxast from ber much less than what we have acquired by war, and which we could maintain without an effort. In fact, wbat does it require te prevent Russia from ever enter ing tbe Black Sea again V Four men-of war of each of the maritime Powers, Franee, Knglaud, and Turkey. Such a cruising squadron would suffice to occupy tae Black Sea and to transplant its domination from the shores of tbe Crimea to the entrance of the Bosphorus. What Russia has lost ? wbat she cannot recover by war, no matter bos long ? is her preponderance over the F.ast. What she may legitimately ask is a share of in fluence in the affairs of tbe world. She would fiad, if needs be. a coalition of all estates to restrain her ambi tion; but no one wishes to humiliate her Waat is asked from her Europe has the rl<ht, and it is its duty, to exact. If she grunts it. the peace of th? world Is as sured, the object of the allied Powers attained. If she refuses, war will continue and decide it. ? At the moment we writs these grave solutions are m ing prepared and du>cuss*dat the Vienna Conferences, where M. Drouyn de l'Huys an! lord John Rasse 1 Uave taken, with the authority of their char* iter and posi tion, the expresBkn of the common thought of their governments, lhe country must contiVntly awatt the result of thai decisive trial It may say tbat peace will be concluded, if it is possible with honor to the llsgs or France and England and security for their mfluense and that war, if it should continue, will bq necessary for the object proposed by tbe allied governments and from which nothing can turn tbem aside. But a great resu t is acquired already, from the very fact of these negotiations France and Englind have loyally negotiated with Austria to allow her policy to ex haust the last resources of conciliation. Those confer ences of which Vienna is the centre are the loyal an ! honest act of the Emperor Francis Jo eph. But tbe al lied Powers know that if Austria does not succeed in this noble effort of her European patriotism, she will tight resolutely with them. In limiting tbeir deintod to the very conditions accepted by tbe Vienna Cabinet in the treaty of the 2d of December tbey have gained o the common cause an important and devoted ally. The possibility of peace, liie the necessity of war, must henceforth he only a tact la common to the thre* Pow ers who signed that treaty. The solidarity of their In terest*, and of their engagements would unite them in the straggle, as it has united them in tbe Conferences, and that gTand European confederation will soon have t-iumphed over every retlstan-o. France and England may, therefore, congratulate themselves in having consented to negotiate while coa tinning to fight. In acting thus they have not only given a proof of moderation ? they have increased their strength. Their adhesion to sn honorable and possible peace, having as consequence the support of Austria in a necessary ?nd legitimate war, is an act counselled by wisdom, and which will be approved by public opinion I One word more, in concluiion. It Is, perhaps, a novel and hold thing to speak of the military and diplomatic conduct of a war, while the army is lighting and nego t ations sre pending. We thought tbat it wis precisely the mrment to speak the truth to the country. Trutu is only a ranger (or the weak. With right and strength on their tide, it honors those who speak it ? it reassures those who hear it. The Austrian! In the Principalities. OUTRAGE BY AN AUSTRIAN OPFIORR AT KRAJOVA ? THE CITIZENS RETALIATE ? BOMS HUNDREDS KILL ED THE AUSTRIANS DRIVEN FROM THE CITY. A private letter gives an account of the trouble la Kiajtva, already announced by telegraph An Austrian officer, on the 11th March, saw at a win dow a lady whose beauty attracted him, and he forth with entered tlie bouse and demanded adinitt&uca to her apartment. The lady called for assistance to expel tbe intruder. Her husband came, and addressed the Aus trian but too civilly:? ''What do jou want here t I do Dot know you. You are not billeted In my house, and the latfy jou are insulting is my wife." Witbout a word, tbe Austrian drew his sword and stabbed the husband to the heart. Much excitement ensubi. Some of the bystanders went tolocye a formal complaint with tbe police, others rent intelligence to the Turkish commandant at Kalafat, vs bo lost no time in (ending to Krajov* a battalion of infantry and a squadron of cavalry auo artillery. A crowd proceeded to tbe Austrian General to demand tie arrest of the offerirter. Tbe tiem- rat's reply was brief, but to the point ? ' lio to the devil; I won't punish my soldum for such fellows as you."- This Srutai reply aicused the indignation of the people All the stores were desert, and tbe citizens assembled in the streets, ? ryiug, ??Death to the Austrian* I tliey are but one r gainst four I We won't submit to be slaughtered like lie ptople of Bucharest !" A general riot ensued, and tbe citizens, armed with 'ticks, iron bus and axes, attacked and put to death ? very Austrians they mat. The Austrian*, on their side, turned out end attacked the people, killing forty per t-ons in tbe first charge. At this juncture tne national I ent d'ames sad the Roumau soldiers attacked the Aus 'runs, and sfter a fierce tight drove them at the point of lie bayonet out of the city, where they yet remaia en tamped in tbe fields. Official statements return 247 killed en both sides. The excitement continues, and the citizens had not re. ? pened tlier stores. They demand justice, and are about to send a deputation to Constantinople to seek it from tbe Sultan. IUly" SAHROW ESCAPE OF THE POPE FROM DEATH ? WONDSRfCL EFFECTS OF TH* IMMACULATE CON CEPTION LOOM A . [Heme (April 14) Correspondence of London News.] Tie day before yesterday His Holiness was aa nearly as possible crushed to death, in tbe monastery of St. AgDts rxtra muro*, where be had been dining with a select party of cardinals and prelates, besides the dignl taries of his household, and the French and Austrian generals commanding at Rome and Aneona, De Montreal and Hoyos. The accident occurred aa fol'ows:? The Pope having for some time entertained a str ing wish to visit tbe Alexandrine basilica and catacomb* recently discovered, about seven miles from Rome, on tbe Ooaizo estate. belcrging to tbe Propaganda College, fixed upon Thursday, the lkth nst., for examining the excavations, snd inviied Cardinals Marini, Patrizi, Schwarzenberg, Archbishop of Prague, CarvalDo. Patriarch of Lisbon, and a great antiquarian, Antonelli, as well aa several prelates, amongst wbtm the Prinoe Archbishop of Vien na, tbe ArcbbUhop ?' Lublin, and the Bishops of Verona. Newport and duriington, besides the two generaU and some diplomatists and laymen of rank to accompany him In his viait to the venerable remnants of early Q^r.stiau architecture. It so happened that the Roman steeplechases wers to take place on the tame day, and the coarse was on the itme road as that to be followed by the Papal cor tin', which induced Prince Doria, toe president of tbe raom< committee, to wait on his Holincs to inquire whether ti e races bad cot be better put ofT to another diy ; but Pio Nono, with his customary affability, requested that the public might not be disappointed, and the only change made was consequently one in the hour, so as m> give his holiness time to get bank from the catacombs before tbe amateura of borseflssh blacked up the whole road. , % The Pope having visited with great interest the cata combs, the oratories of Saints Alexander and Eventim, and tbe ancient Presbytery, where inscriptions had be?n placed m his honor, sat oown in tbe venerable marble epit copal cbair, *nn ad tressed a discourse to the pupils oi the Propaganda College present, exhorting them to a courageous mecliargeof their missionary duties. His boli n?ss then ir?p?cte tlie several burying plicus of mart) r?, ami distributed relics to those persons around him; a'ter wlilrb be examined tbe pians presented him for the erec tion of a new church on the spot, admired tbe betutl'ul moeaic pavem?nt just excavated, and offered to him by the Propegamla College, (which is to oe placed in the Vati can,) and having ex pressed hie entire satisfaction atall tin bad seen, p*epar?d te return to the monastery of St. Agnes. Wbi'at proceeding myself to tbe more profane amnsement of the steeple cbase, I had an opportunity of mietlng the Pope and all his suite? cardinals, gene rals, and prelatei included The day was moat lovely ; snd Pio Nono, radiant with pleasure, looked as hand some and affable as ever, giving his gracious h*no fiction to the numerous racing partis?ni hurrying fn tbe oppo site direction, with a smile which seemed to say -'Cfta-im a $f>n goto " In tbe cl inter of the monastery of St. Agnes Ills Hell ness entertained hia distinguished guests at dinner, in a la-ge ball on the Qrst Hoot, and subsequently admitted tbe pupils of tne Propaganda College to kiss his foot. At this moment about 160 persons were collected to gether around tlie Pope, when an awful tremour mani fested itself in the flooring, which his Holiness Instantly Cceived and endeavored to prevent hie guests from ng alarmed at, assuring them that it was the stoi* of an earthquake a phenomenon with which his re sidence aa nuileio in South America hid rendered him somewhat familiar. However, before"' any further con jectures were broached tbe floor gave way With hideous ruin and conbustion dire, and Pope, prelates, cardinals, g nerals, soldiers, and scholar* were precipitated through it, without order o' precedence, amongst falling beams and fragments of masonry. Cardinal AntooelU's (ood luck saved him alone, of all tbe cardinals present; be was n?ar the wfnrow, to which be clung for support, but his eminent brethren Hsrinf and Patrni were severely injur'd in tbe fall, as waa tbe French general, aad a great number of tbe Propaganda pupils. Pio Nono himself descended unhurt; and sitting In his Papal chair, and waa extricated from the wreck amMat exclamations of miracolo! miramlo! from all aroumt. In gratitude for such an escape, his Holinesa forthwith ?nvitcd all wbe ware able to folio* him to eater to* church, and with a loud voice intoned a thanksgiving to the Almighty, aad afterwards received the aacram-nU! I>< affliction from Menslgnor Ttczaai, Meanwhile the wounded were extricated from tbe ruins, and conveyed to Rome in carriages, mmh to th? surprise of the paaoeful eiUrtns who had aasemblsd at tbe gates, and were consternated te see so many priests with their heads Had np. Some disabled joceeys w?r ? xperted from tbe steeplechaee, but it was supposed that the Pope's excursion wonl'l he by no means so dan gerous. An Irish Propaganda pupil boasts of h?vin< bu n the first to succor his Holiness, the earn > youtli wbo was reciting a congratulatory sonnet to the pUpe when the floor gave way. aad waa consequent y in im mediate proximity during the descent to tbe regions below. The great carpet, which had been spread oyer the floor, )s supposed to haye hrosen the Pope's fall by ren dering it more gradual i but, te whatever tutelar- influ ence we may choose to attribute it, his Holiness cer tainly did escape safe and sound, end ? be Roman muni cipal ooancll aad senate, viewing H in the light of a j [ prod l*y, have given order* for a devout thanksgiving to the Immaculate Conception during three d aya, to com tart cm in Monday nest. The Pope'a dogmatical definition will thus have an other celebration, in addition to that of laat week, when the Immaculate Conception waa Intro-luce 1 into ihe tauter fireworks. The gitarvlola wai eatirely in cha racter with ihe great ecclesiastical event of the season. Innumerable fire baloons. in the form of mitre-', repre seotea the congregation of prelate*, and an ilium <nat?d temple, column, and statue of the "Immaeolata," blazed forth with the inectipt ion "Vidimue gioriam ejus." A? the topic ot the Pope's escape engrosses all convsr ration here, so it ha a engrossed all my sheet, and 1 therefore l?ave the consideration of other subject* until my next letter. English Copyright Law* In committee on the abolition of newepnper stamp, Ihe tew Chancellor of the Exchequer, ex-editor of the ?1 i in burg Quarterly Review , proposes to tnaert clauses to effectually muzzle the press and prevent the circula tion of intelligence. Tncse clauses are:? And be it enacted, that the proprietor of every news paper shall, (or the purpoe* of protection against pira cy, be entitled to a copyright in every original article, letter, paragraph, communication, and composition which anall he for the first tine published in such news japer. And be It further enacted, that if any peraon ah all, within 24 houra after the first publication of any origi nal article, letter, paragraph, communication, and com position in any auch newspaper, print and publlah any copy of sneb original article, letters paragraph, com munication or composition. or of any material part 'haiecf, or any colorable abridgement or alteration of ihe same, auch perron ahali for every auch offense forfeit a sum o? not leaa than ?5, nor exceeding ?30. Henceforth ihe Nsw York Hwur.n or Tribune. have ? niy to iesue their "edition for Europe" at Liverpool in iteadof New York, to prevent the ectire British press frcm publishing even a "colorable abriJir?ment" of the American n# wa, within 24 houra under the above pen alties for every paragraph. A remarkable man ia the ? x-edttor of the QuarOrly. The Very Latest. THE BOMBABDUKXT Of 8EBA8TOPOL., Sunday, April 22, 1855. Your correspondent writes from Balaklava under date of the Oth of April, 8 P. M. :? The allies commenced the bombardment this morning during a storm of wind and rMn very unfavorable to the Russisns. The Russians, surprised, responded alowly,the Flagstaff and Garden batteries excepted. These doubled their fire up to noon, vh?> the superi ority was on our side. At three o'clock the fire of the Mameloa was a'leni*^ and only four guns were fired from the Round Tour. The Redan continued to fire six guns. The French have silenced the Flagitaff Battery. The loss of the allies is insignificant. The rain bas ceased, and tbe night is fine. Viesnna, Saturday, April 21?5 P. M. Perfectly authentic ailvi :es have this afternoon been received from Balaklava. Tbe bombardment wa< continued with great energy up to the 17th, when tbe despatches left. The fire of the allies bad done considerable damage; but tbe Russians display extreme activity and courage in repairing the injured works. Tbe fact of the superiority of the artillery of tbe allies is satisfactorily established. Several French mines have been fired, and have done great damage to tbe place. News from Bucharest mentions the arrival of 15,000 Turkish troops at Kamiesch Bay, and that Omer Pasha will soon follow with other reinforcements. Berlin, Saturday, April 21, 1855. Tbe following despatch was received at St. Petersburg on Friday, from Prince Gortachakoff, dated Sebaatopol, April 15:? The bombardment has con' inuad sines the 9th. The damage done is immediately repaired, in such a manner that on the 16th Sebastopol was almost in the same con dition of defence as on the 9th. Tbe loss of tbe garrison, considering the tremendous fire (feu d'enfer) to which it is exposed, must be con sidered as very small, as the service of the batteries is covered by intrenchments. Nothing worthy of mention has taken place on any other point of the Crimea. *? Kamiksch, April 10? Noon. Three Russian batteries and one French battery have been deitroyed. [BY TELEGRAPH FROM LONDON TO LIVERPOOL.] London, April 23?1 \ P. II. General Gsnrobert telegraphs on tbe 17th as follows : ? The fire continues unabated, chiefly bj the artillery; but the engineers are operating and have established us (the French) much nearer to the place. Another report says the loss of life bas been very great on both aides. A council of w*r had been held, and it was decMed to continue the fire for a week longer, and then make the assault. THE VIENNA CONFERENCES, ETC. Vienna, Suniay Evening, April 22. At tbe conference held yesterday the Russian Pleni potentiaries rejected tbe last proposition of England and France, relative to the limitation of the Russian naval forces in tbe Black Sea. Lord John RuaseLl's departure is now fixed for to morrow evening. Vienna, Satcrdat, April 21, 1855. The eleventh Conference took place on Thursday. It ia affirmed that the allies stated therein their final con ditiona regarding the third point, whicn were adopted by Austria. These conditions refer to the reduction of the Russian fleet in the Black Sea. It la atUl stated that Lord Jobn Russell will leave Vienna on Monday. Paris, Sunday Evening, April 22 ? 8 o'clock, Tbe Emperor and Empreea have just arrived. A telegraphic despatch from Vienna, dated 22d Inst , says: ? The conference held yesterday lasted four hours and a half, but did not lead to any reault as regards tbe third point. The conferences are suspended. Lord Jobn Russell and M. Drouyn de l'Hoys have taken leave of the members of the Congress. Markets. London Monet Market, Saturday evening, April 21.? The financial statement of tbe Chancellor of (he Ex chequer. sbowing the enormous deficiency of ?7,000,0i0 in t lie estimates for the current year, after reckoning the receipt of ?10 000,000 (or tbe new loan, produced a bad etlect upon tbe funds th.s moin'.ng, and caused ctntols to open at a fuither declino of mors than a quarter per c^nt From this there was subsequently a recovery, owing to renewed reports that tbe Vienna will probab.y not be entirely broken olT, coupled with firm accounts from the Paris Bourse Tbe first quotation was 89%' to )?, hut a steady im provement u ok place to for money, snl 89 % to 90 for tbe 10th of May. Omnium opened at % to 1 prtB-iutn, and closed at 1>? to V The trans actions of tfce iisy were large, and comprise! many eomideiable rales of the new stock, which, however, was freely taken by persons who have >olo consols for the purpose the change ef investment holding ou' an ultimate prospect at nearly a half per cent profit when the Omnium, being no !oo;er unduly pr?s-ed upon the market, sball have atta u?d its true le lative value. Bank stock closed at 210 a 2)2; Reduced, 8*>? to X; New Three p*r Cents, 89%' to Long An Duit.ier. India stock, 227 to 230; lnd a bonds, lis. to 16s; Exchequer tills, June 4s. to 7a. ; March, 7s. to 10s premium; and Kxchequer bonds, 99 to Several transactions were effected to-day in the New Teimtnable Annuities at lfi>4 pet ?1 annuity. It is considered tbe larger portion of tbem will be gradually abecrbej by the various asaurtno* companies. There was a Flight increase in the demand for money to day in the discount market, owing to the temporary withdrawal of the large sum required for the deposit on tbe new loan. Foreign securities were dull at the oommencem'nt of bu siness, but pricei evebtuaily became more steady. Pur chases of Turkiah were made a-, an alvince, and the final quotation was 75 to The general operations comrneed? Hrazihan Five pe.r Cents, 98 X ; Russian dive per Cents, !'8>? a 99 ; Sardinian Five p*rCsnta. 86 and yi: l.utch Two-and a-balf per Cents, 62\; and Turkish for the account, 14%, and 76^. The closirg accounts irom the 'arts Bourse this eve nintr. show a further rise of nearly a quarter per cent, m?a ng a total improvement of one ano a half per cent during the week. 1 row all parts of tbe continent, and especially from Tsiis. the rates of exchange continue to exhibit a fa vorable tendency. Apart from the disappointment consequent on the large increase of taxa'ion stated te be necessary in ad dition to the loan, the budget has exatted no particular f.tliug Tbe oniy m tigat<on of Its disagreeable feature# lie* m the fact that it Includes a margin of ?4.440,000 for < ontirgeiH ies, besides xl. 000,000 for the Sardinian loan, which 1s not to be considered as actual expendi ture. I he increase of one per cent in the income tax injuriously affects the new loan to tbe extent of an eighth per cent, owing to the inequality of its pr?eiure on terminable annuities; and some surprise was felt that a stock juat created should be brought within the scope of new taxation in the evening of the esire day, although it will be aaid the cantrse <ore bad totaae that contingency Into thsir calculation 1. With regard to the application of the penny receipt stamp to bankers' checks, much difference or op n on seems to prevail as to the asount 1 kely to be realized TheCbaneellor assumes only ?JOO,OuO, but as far back as 186J. Mr. W. M.Cnristy, who th?n advocated the m?a sure. printed out that the number of banks and their branches h> the united kingdom was about 1,760, and that, assuming their average of cheeks to be 100. 000 each per annum, a total would be ob'ained of ?730,000. This estimate may have been much tea high, bat since that titre tbe facilities of banking have been constantly extended, and it will be ene advantage of the sew im post tba? It will Increase e'eadily with the growth of commerce. Ibe only objection ra ee t to it appears to be that it may induce persons te hoard amall sums, to avoid tbe necessity of frequently drawing che-.ks, and will thus 000 tract the circulation; but as the <Ua ger sad inconvenience of that practice would be tar mire than could he compensated by tbe occasional saving of a penny, it would be very unadvisahie to oppose on that ground so desirable an experiment. The increase of the duties on sugar, ootfse aad tea, ban not, under the dr eumstancei*, excited dissatiefk^tin.. .ul u i- ? -- to ??*?? practical pet sons in the trade. "KlTg^dut^^S instance. it isconsiderei, might have b~nr>U**dto the extent of a nalfv?nnj per lb., liutMu of an evrrwt to as to prerei t all Jifficuliy aming the dealersta adiust ing toeir charge to the public; white it ie ?l?o believed that if the peril :loua claesili cation ay stem had beam given up. a still larger addition nflght have been w the pre?sure of whictt would have been tally oounter-' balanced by the good otherwise gained. RICHARDSON, 8ra?0K A CO.'fl CIRCULAR. UVSRI'OOL, April 20, 1855. The corn trade has Men dull during the week, at a re-| duction or Od. to 1*. per bbL anl tack on flour, and 2d. to 3d. per bushel on wheat. At Tuesday1! market, In dian corn wan steady but not active at 43*. for prime yellow, and 42a. for white To-day's market ?m more cheerful >n tone. The tran tactions ia floor and wheat were limited at the above decline. Yellow Indian corn opened at Sd , and with a tair demand closed at Is. perh quarter advance. White was also 6d. dearer, but thai supply of this description at present is ia excess of the! demand. The quotations are? .flour, 36s. to 42s. per bbl. A white wheat, lis. 3d. to 12a. per TO lbe ; yellow Indian? corn, 43s. 6d. to 44s. ; mixed 42s. 9d. to 43s. 3d. ; white 42s. 8d. to 42s. 6d. per 480 lbs. There is a slight feeling in favor of an improved de-1 mand for bTeadstuffs. and the weather will now begin tol have its influence on prices. At preaent it is all that! could be desired by the farmer, but vegetation is f ally afl month behind last year, and should an; thing occur tefl injure the growing crop, we may expect a material ad-| vane*. The uncertainty, however, of political aifjirsl prevents any speculative feeling, and the band-to-naouthfl system still continues. It is stated that the Russians lave opened ihe Danube, and that a large number of vessels have be ea taken up to load corn; this we con sider improbable. In previsions there is a better feeling and more cheer ful tone, wbich ia a great relief to holoers. Bxxr it more active, bnt tbe demand ta almost entirely! cn low qualities, and the tales tois weefc are "Sholl'a'fl at Ml. M.; "Aimes," lftOs ; "i'ent/'s." 102s. 6d.; "Ko-T binaon," 110s.; "DemlnickV and "<?urneys" are hel< at 120s. to 180s., but at present do not attract buyers feme Inferior pork hac been sold at AOs. to 62s. ; " best brands support previous quotation'*. Bacox is in good consumptive demand, and has ad J vanned fd. to Is per cwt ; we quote Western long ,in(l short midiiles, 42s. tJd. to 43s. Cd., with an upward tendency. ^ Lard has advanced Is. per cwt., with sales of 2fiq tons, at 46s. a 46s. 6d. ; several parcels offering early ] the week have been withdrawn and holders now 47s. a 48*. Tallow has advanced 2s. a 3s. per cwt , with sales all 62s. 1 Common Rosin, 4s. 2d. a 4s. 6d. No sales of Qnarisi| tron bark. Cotton.? The market has not been active, bnt prio are steady, and good stapled mildiing qualities are, il anything, dearer. SeKs tor the wees, 49,580 bales, of *??>ch 88,110 were American. BAKING BROTHERS & CO.'S CIRCULAR. _ London, April 20?6 P. II. been a fair amount of business transacted u the Colonial ana foreign pr >du;? tns.rk?ti daring the pes ' ""gar '? firm Cof)V>e 6d a Is dearer. Bread atBlrg anil Money abundant. Consols leave Off 89 W i % /?r and 89% a for the account. Dollars 4a lOJfd. , belDp; ? fall oi %<i. per 02. Bar ailvor 5s. 09id _ South American doubloons 74s. a 74s 6d. Amtricurfl Eagles t'ja. 234a. Cociukkal veiy firm; 57 bags Honduras at auction were all bought >, from 3s 8.1. a da. lid. for mid. to faifl bold ntvtt. ?ith p^ grain at 4s. 45 bugs Mexican soli from 3s. lid a 4a. ?j. for ord. to mid. Black, with lai silvtrat3a 7d. ' Coffee.? -Ibe inqu.y for colory sort* of Plantatioi Ceylon continues, and quantity offered at auction comprising 410 casks, 240 barrels, aad 310 tan. sol. _ with spirit at an advanc of , lB. per cwt.Of ogfl bags Mn Ceylon, a ]>orun of new import acid at 47sr 6d. 5C I bales small berry Mchawf,re bought in at 67s. and 102 bales long berry i^,y goM 91s; 34 case East India partly aoVl at <?oa. . 7;,. ]n floating oarcoe ? hiTe notning to report, ft, ial#J held by the Dutcl Trading Company on the ICtb a.j 18th in8tait, compris ing 157,597 bags at Amsterdam an , 187 00O bags a Rotterdam, have gone off with .ptnt an,j j stances at an advance of 1 a 2 cf 0B ^ valuation Corn? The dulness in the marke continues and 1 though the anpply of wheat ? Monday was mol derate, ihe offers made were much ^ )w the prices ofl the previous week, and bo>dera being n6?r4'iT po'ed to give way, the bulk of the suj.w regained unl sold. In foreign there was very little The lasl weekly average price of wheat was 68s. 4u0J'^ 3^2 nT* returned. Tn day there was ljaTdly any tb,- ^0[D|r ,j*r quotations are unaltered. White Ameri*ji.i!^]leat 82r. ; red 70s. a 70s. per quarter. Ameri^aa<0|lr m.' 4ls. per barrel. ' Cotton? Sales for the week, 1,720 bales, at .g Dri? At Liverpool 'here ban been a steady deman. day's qao'ation for mid. Orleans wasu'.jd. per irvjoaM steady. Copper without change. lmuiB, &o ?In the absence of public sales w v._ little to report. Cutch? 2,500 bags fair Peguiwn bought in at 26s. Camphor ? 50 boxes brought ,OI 80s. a 81a. Fbellac, of 1,735 ptg*. offered, about .; found buvera from 43s a 4Ha. 6d. for mid. to good livj orange, block from 32s. 0(1. a 46s. 6d. Quicksilver, 1 lOd. a la lid. Saffron, 24?. Turkey opium, 18a. a ll ?d. i-afllower ? Sift bales Bengal at puilio a ale mo old from 60s. a 72a. fid. for middling, with low to | ordinary fnm 35s a 52a. 6d. Hemp.? Tlie market has been influenced by the pacific aspect of politics, and i<t. Petersburg clean c not be bought to-day under ?46. Of 1,950 bales Ma at suction, only about 100 found buyera, from ?34 5sJ ?38 for common to middling coarse quality ; 300 ba Sunn ield at very full price', from ?12 lfts. a ?16 ordinary to middling: 650 bales Bombay were moi a ken in from ?18 a ?20 for good brown Saliee. Jut ?',756 bales at auction, were mostlr disposed of from J 12?. 6d. a ?17 f.r middling to good, with dne from ?li ?18 10a.. and from ?11 10a. a ?13 15a. for common' good common. Indigo. ? The declarations for the sale to comv Sth proximo proceed alowly, and amount ao far to 0,0 cheats. Iron. ? There is no change of importanot to notiJ We quote rails, ?6 7a. 6d. a ?6 12a. (id. ; bars, ?6 free on bo?rd in Wales. Scotch pigs, 69a. 6d. for numbers on the Clyde. Lard steady ; no sellers under 60a. for Western kegs. Linseed.? There has been considerable activity in t| market this week, and floating car joss bare found rea buyers at adducing rates. Taganrog baa been sold 5bs a 60s., and the finer descriptions of Azov 61a. a62^ free delivered. On the spot there is a steady demand Is at week's rates Tin steady. Straits, 106a. a 107a. ; Banoa, 110| a Ills. I Molafsu In good demand, but very little offrrinH About SCO hhda. clayed Cuba on the spat changed hanT at 15s 9J 1 Oils. ? Sperm has been sold ?t ?136; in common fid no change, and nothing doing. Olive continues dull: fij lipoli ?55, Malaga ?52 a ?53. Linseed tn good dem&ifl at 34 s on the spot, and 35s. for future dvliverlea. Ra| ?Befitted of good quality sells at 56s: ; orown 62a. Pal 80s. Cocca nnt ?41 10s. a ?43. Bin;.? Of 2,766 baga Bengal, a small portion, only wi so'd at 13s a 13a. fid. for mid, and 14s. lor good whit Privattly, about 300 tons Bar gal, afloat, have been tc at 13s. 3d. a 13s. 6d. per ewt., landed. Be* ? No change to notice. Salipktb*.? I,6b0 bags at auction were aold from 82 6d. a 23s. for 11 p*r cent to 29a. for 4,^ a 6>? per oec relrar.tlon Mtrate so la? 1,020 aold at 15a. 60. a 16 for 5)t per cent refraction. Spkltkk dull at ?23 on the spot Spicw.? The aales have been aa follows: 263 white pepper at 7 ,?d.. wtib a few lots a* 7)^d., for goo orn , and 1 fid. a 7 d. for fine bold ; 224 bags Stngapoi bUrk pepper at 4,4d. a 4\d ; 101 cases cassia hgaea ? ?5 17s., with one lot at ?6 18s. for pile No. 1, orji ccarse quality, and ?6 7s. a ?0 Ids. for p ie No 2, ver] ord nrj 393 bags Pimento at 6 a d . a .".^d ; 266 pkgr Zauzlbur cloves from 5d a 5*c'd. I LiNbEEO Cakes in good consumptive demand, at aboul previous rat*a. SniAR. ? There haa been increased firmness in the ma ket this w?ek, and priceain some in<tane>s have advanc edfd perewt. The sales of Weat In ).a are 1,640 hhds and 00,i 00 baga Mauritius and Eaut Jn.l a at auction solj at full rates. 4.5C0 btgs unstayed Manila brought 26al Gd a 27s.; aod41Sbhda. 47 bbls. and tiercea and lofl boxeiCuba . the first of the new cron ) sold witb greaf spirit at an average advance of n?*rl? Is per owt. orf tne valuations Privately, abou* 4 '>00 boxes Havani have cbangen bands at 32i. a 34b. 6d , and a carge oj_ 2.500 boiea Havana, No 12^,', a' a price believed to bJ 22s. 3d. for the United Kiogdom. To day, 3.000 clayed Manila are reported at 31s. 6d. Lead film, with large demand. Common pig ?22 5a a ?22 10a. Taixow, influenced by the less paVfi ? news, has ad vanred to 51s. 3d. a 61s. td. on the spot, 51a. 6d for next month, t2s. for July. Tea. ? Public sales of 12,500 packages have been fceW during the week, of which 3,MK), (includisg 2,000 amai! boxe^.) were said without ma'ertal alteration in prices. By private contract only a limited business doing. Cam bod Congou yd. a U '4'd TrsPEMTiNt ? A small sale of rough i< reported at 8c. fid. Spirita have improved, Americtn in eaake 34f . 6d. a 35a. Wool ?Public salea of Colonial will commence on the 2d proximo The quantity arrived la 36,600 bale.'. An English loan lor ?16 000, 010, sterling meoey, pay b)e In monthly instalments between th- a date and the ? nd of the year, has been taken at a price equivalent to about 87 per cent for 8per cent CrosoK srltk the divi dend from January. The scrip leaves off to- day atl^ premium, and Consols at the prioe ot 89U a 89J,. Tb.s operation has absorbed durlog this week the attention o! stock dealers, and we have little of interest to remark In American securities, which remain well supported, but without any animated demand. Ua ted States t's, 1IW, nrmina) at 107 a 108: Massacburett* sterling 6's bonds, 100, e* div , buyer*: Mar?land, 91 a 83; Ohio b's, 1^66, 81, ael'.era: Pennsylvania 5's m-orlotiena, 80a *2: io bonda. 82 a 84: Virginia 6's Jo'iar boads, 87 a 88 dn. 6's sterling, 86 a 87; Canada 6's sterling bonds, 10H al0S?< ; Pennsjlrania Oatral Ra<lroi?ls ?'? bond^ 80 a 80; do aterilnig, 2d mortgage, 89; New York and Erie, 3d mortgage, 86, sellers. Sati-biuy, ipHI 21, 1858. The Chancellor of the Exchequer brought forward his but'ge* last nlsh . He proposes to rais* by increased' faxatlor ?6 3W),000, as follows:? An additionial duty of 8a. per cwb 00 ?<i?ar. . .?1,200,000 Bo. do. Id. per lb. on <-oifee.... 150, 00? De. do. 3d psrlb. oote-t 760, 00f: Po. do. on sp rite l,00d,00? A penny itsap on Bankers' checks '200.000 One per oent more income tax 2,000,000 Total ?6,300,000 Political Intelligent--. WHIG NOMINATION* IN PR a. I. The whigs of Providenee have made tu? following nomi rstlons for eity officers:? For Mayor? V. iw?rd P. Kncw&e/ For Aldermen? Ward 1, Isaac Thurber ? rd# Vanum J. Bales , ifard 3, George W. Hail wa?4 4, SsesM S Rath bone; ward 5, Charles Anthony ; ward d, Jebn a Darling; wagd 7, Zelotes W. Hotden. Mr. Aatbocy of wsrd 6 has dtelined. and the delegates tr u. tb* war' te ike eonvrnti. j| BU the vacancy.

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