Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 28, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 28, 1855 Page 2
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4HUu.*ti Midlers, of and ?p Tttorai and boys, who, be food Um parade ground, have never had an knt'i military education in their lives, asd who. ?UMd In taxartou halls, have never koownft top sheet, a wet shoe, or a ptaobsd Ml. ?? Ml have the remedy for asking J" f" riuD apeak of ?U this If the p tt?* is rtlent, a?d *e Ttmu U to Kogland what the H??Ai.Dia to t^i ??Med States; it point# the w ay, ?d rth?r?, thoag^ lor decency 's sake a Uttie obstropoloos for a mo ment. trim their sails and , 2,?^ foiDtly, vob oiy bo rary wire that two things art not Terr tar diataot. the re?ign*tion ? we will not aay recall-- of Lord Bsglao, and the break up of oar present coalition. Great events are before ua in the year we hare aew entered upon. No man whose oplniona are worth a groat, conceive* the Czar hae tne slightest intention of withdrawing an inoh of hi* pretensions, ? 0f the position of Austria, and the philander Eg conduct of P/u*ia. The Emperor of Bus*!* knows perfectly well he is master of an inert stremh which enables him to hide the chance of events; and a growiig conviction is everywhere ??reading, that though there may be great blood abed, ictlQite destruction to life and pro jar iy, the year 1866 will find tne main question pretty much where tt is at present. Udder saoti circumstances ? cry ia getting up for mm vigorous ouucils. Toe present disposition is to make a holocauat of tie Duke 01 Ne wcastle and Mr. Sidney Herbert? tiose maimalarfe sons of war. This ia one of th?e lata and plaster remedlals for whi :h Lord John Ru sell has ?lw?js been famous; but the ttiing win'td), and nothing but an organic minitteiial reo J ast ruc tion will satisfy the people of England, thiugh I should not beinrpiieed if this tub to the while wer? not flrst attempted. It ia tne talk of the clubs that Loj d Palmei ston ia only looklog for a soft plaoe ? hereon to let himself fall, and get oat of the minis terial oomicile. It ia clear that be only bides his Mtve, bat ne ia acute enough to kn ow that without ?ome terrible crisis, he wlu nit be ab'e to obtiin thai full and unbiased control which is ne :e-si-y for a vigorous policy in the existing state of affairs. In a peiiod of war, a minister is chained to tne heels of lis general, and of course, if seme signal success were to eh<ce on Lord Riglan, (and be has nad won derful Inch.) the mnistry migot hobbe on for a time; but Lord Rtgian hts not tne genius to save it, and a pamphlet juat pab.ish*d by dtc Howard Douglas, au old officer of great experience, has dls aecttd the while Crimea fx jeditiin ia a mtnaer whieh has made a profound a?naa*ioa oa toe pub lic mmd, ai d gooe far to oonvinoa it that the attack on 3eba?t'<pol, from flrit to la?t, has beeu aiid continues t be a repetition of the kiigit of Lt, Mancba's charge ou tbe wiudmils- Tie brilliant, exploit at Alma he declares but weakened tbe army, t?e fhmous lltbk nnvement to the douta an egre gious error, and that our efforts should have been, with tbe inadequte m^ansat our disposal, oonflned to the ao.ih, and u> catting cff the eneny's oonrnanioa tion with Perekop. He says:? "Let Buja ona in stead o( B^lakiava be selected as the base of opera tions ? let the telle ving or observing ?rnay be dri?*n out of tbe C iniea ? and this >vtll require 2D0.000 men, and then debasto -ol ma? be iuves ed, and will obey the action of those laws whi h r^noer the fall of bffieged pla es afcer a certain tun* inevitab'e." Borne amusement has been created by the a r.o graph letter of tbe Queen of England, forwarded by Mr. bio i>ev Herbert to tbe Crimea. Tne troth is tne rfritnh monarchical puppet is placed such a dreadlul wsy off from the puor clay which composes the people I bit any little theatrical emanation ot this kino is not oal ulat-d to make that sautinnaUl impression which the exalted class pertaialng to the War Secretary ?np,'Oses. You cannot keep a people in otntai ignorance you cauLOt deny them all ra tional relaxation- you caorot order them t > umoa jails, called worcuoites, when labor is denied th*in ?you cannot cas them ashore under the coid s jade of aristo racy? yon cannot leave them to 11 >na<ier In the mud, to die in trenches, waste vith disease, to chill ancovered in tns wintry night's blast, pay tbem for their pains a shidiug a day, and expe t them to go mad with enthusiasm at a tew d'sm?tic words which a li'tie woman, onie in a decade, eboaw M> 'write about them. Thetra'a to, bt body knows anything about tn ? Qaeea of U Jg )s?d oat of btr own ci cle. Ia the lme ot Wight, wMch Hbe is most loud of making her horn), the is despised tor the iuvariabla pa stuioay whijh pervades tie rovai houseboM, a^d is supposed gen erally to be so devoted to ler owu nursery duties that sje i as little ctre or feeling for anything be yond 'hat circle. \n to bemg a mother of ner peo pie, sbe has i ever before made auy pretenne to such character, and fr .in the day of h-?r in irrage till this conir1!.'*' ?i,e nas b*? n to tne p**,vU- of Euglaai a political dummy Pr nce Albert. \* ttioug >t to be a I man ol w.n-i 'erable U t and pruieoce, but Ms ' German origin, in spite of himself, biases and doallv drags mm do ?o. His patronage jf the arts, whi h he is ai'Xioo* Hhou'd be his chief t t'e to renown, is shorn of half it* glory by he shabhtness of his re mnreration, and we our<elves once kiewayoung man by tbe name of Morris m, famous for hts deiia eati-ms cf interiors? the artist! al manner in waici be could oeslgn, not only the archi'.ec.arai shtpe, hat tbe cort-'uts of a roam? who used ti be contin ually seat f ir to Windsor, and who fouad tbe piy ef three giiHens a day so utterly luaieq'iatj to the experses he wis obliged to incar, a ad tie inerin.) Mobs it caused to his mire lu Titive works, tnat, ?otwithstan ting the importance of the patrunage, he was obliged to thiow up the employment. UmvKiisrrr Club. Onr Berlin Correapondenc*., Ja.i 9, 1855. Shrmany Drifting Towards a Great Crisis ? Prussia Out manauvrni by Austria ? Difficult and Anxious Posi tion of the Former ? Puling of the Prussian Population in Favor of the Allies? Their Real Impressions urith Regard to the War ? Frederick William and his Hopes and Ftars ? The Campaign in the Crimea. The year 1864, aignalixed by the commencement of eae er the molt aangulnary and rumuaa ware that have ever deaolated Europe, ban found and led I'ruaaia, and, ?ndeed, all Germany, In a Mate of apparent tranquillity Mad external repoie. True, we have a numeroui airny en foot, but a atrong military force la alwaya required by Bnrepean governmenta, not ao much to protect them from the attack* of their neighbors, aa to permit any too exuberant demonatrationa of loyalty on the part of their ewn subject* rrue, the taxes are being rained, ani aloan ?f thirty milliona of thalara haa been granted by that uioat accommodating body, the Prussian Chamber*, but, then, ?ne can never have too much mon?y, and at any rate it in mare adviaable to borrow when you have credit than to wait till you hare none. It cannot be denied that our faithful ally, the hmperor of Auatria, haa joined the co alition againat our lean faithful allv, the Km(?tror of a)| the Ruaaiaa, and ia urging uato follow hia example; but then the Vienna confareucea have been resumed. f>ord Weatmorelanl haa aent hia card to Prince Uortachakoff, mad the Ciar haa intimated hia williognea* to liaten to aa; overture* not derogatory to the dignity or injurioua to the welfare of his empire. in apite ol these favorable symptom*, however, it ia evident that we are "drifting" towarda a ini(lity criaia, that the neutrality which I'ruaaia haa hitherto ao strenu ously endeavored to preaerve, ia becomiug more and aaure untenable, and that ahe will, at no distant period, be called upon to take an active part in the atruggla, of which ahe haa ao long been an idle apectator. Th? fact ia, that during tlie whole oourae of tne negotiatioua that have been "draggtng their alow leugth aljng" for ttie last twelve montlia, abe haa been regularly out manoeuv red by Auatria and foiced by degreea out of all the poal tiona in which ahe attempted to entrench Ueraelf. Kir at, ahe refused to acoede to tb? protocol of April, by whlah Auatria waa to auperai-de Kuaaia in tba occupation ?? the frmcipnlitiee. thtn, alter thia had Income a fait J"?. ahe agreed to aaaiat Auatria in caae of ao attack upon thedommiona of that i'ower by Kuaaia, butrefuaed to extend her to operation to the dt-feuce of tlxlJavia and Wallachia; ami Anally, when the aupeiior adroitneaa of the Auatrtan diplotnaliaa bad succeeded in wringing from her a reluetaut conaent to the proposal abe htd jnat rejected, the Cabinet of Vianna turned round an i concluded a treaty with the Wenfc-ru Power* which, though for the preamt restricted to tlie defensive, can hardly fall, sooner or later, to involve Auatria in Open bontilitiea eltti the coloaaua ot the Nortu. Now, I'rua ?ia la bound by Ueaty to aland by Auatria in >a?e o naed, If, therefore. Auatria *b<>uld commence hoatihtie againat ftuaaia and And heraeif thr?at?ned by a Muscat vkte army on any partti! her extenaive frontier, ill guard ed aa it ia by the affection* ot her a u bjee t ? , abe u.ia right to inv ike the a**latance of I'ruaaia, ao I toe Utte would have no alternative bnt either torafuae point blank, and thua draw uim>o heraeif the vengeaoee of tbe aliie I Cowers, or to Join the general crusade against Kuaaia. and expose heraeif to tbe no leaa formidable anger or the Ciar. If tbe people, and not thf government, had t) decide, tho taaue w.'uM not l>e for a moment doubtful- Mr. Cub den'a assertion that nineteen twentieth* of the inhabi tantaol i'ruaaia approved of tbe line of policy adopted by their rulera and were averae to war, ahowa the honor able gam tie man to be completely ignorant of the real atatnof public opinion in thia country; on the contrary, a war, and more ea pec tally a war with Knaeia, ia looked forward to by a great majority of the (j arm an nation aa tb* bloody Inauguration of a new and happier era, and a pellet from the intolerable yoke they are now groaning under. They trow that the lamentable miacarriage of tbe revelation of IMS waa chiefly owing to the inter ference of Russia tbat it waa the assurance of Russian support that iaapired fredenok William with courage to dMeoive tbe l??iaiative Aaaemhly of i'ruaaia and expel the representative. of the nation from the Hall of flea mods at tbe point of tbe bayonet . Uut it waa the Iron am of the Kua.lan autocrat that arreeted the fall of tbe rfeteetod houee of Hapeburg and ftted ita bojlah aclon on n thrown eewented with the blood of hia people. Ruaaia haa leng etood between them and liberty; la It to be wondered at tbat they are anxioua for her overthrow? They are w?U aware tbat the preeent war la not Imme AUtely oonnected with the eauae of freedom; that It Is carried on by the man who baa cruahed the Roman, and betrayed the Frwnrh republic, who rnlea ever one of tbe matt intelligent nation* of Karjpe with more than Has ina deapotiaa, and who hae jutt entered into cJoee alii- , toe* with the oppressors of Huagary end Italy. Bat they m persuaded, sad justly so, that the war, If ibc ceasfal, will nrodaee much gmUr resulte than thorn ooa ten plated by ita originators, and that tha aanihila tion of Muecevite inflame* will eventually laad to a radical change in tha aspect of Europe. The away of Loula Napoleon ia of too ephemeral a nature to offer any permanent obatruetion to the progreaa of liberty, aad Austria, daapiaed and abhorred by all partita, will And her diplomatic wilea ineffective in averting the doem that ia ready to overtake her. If Kuaaia auocumbs, or la permanently estranged from the other deaputio pow er!, the triumph of the people only remaina a question of time. It ia an uneaay conaciouiineaa of thia atate of the pub lic mind that haa given riae to the vacillating aud am biguous peliey paraued by the i'ruaaiao monarch aud hie advisers, throughout the various phases of the great Oriental embroilment. There can be very little aoubt that Frederick William would b? happy to espouse the cause of the Caar, to whom he ia bound by the tiea of in'?re?t and consanguinity, if he were not afraid of awakeniug a buret of indignation that would shake hia monarchy to its foundation. He remembers the "Idea of March," and standa in salutary awe of their renewance, while his brother, the i'rince of fruasia, though naturally of a more imperious and arbitrary character thaa the King himself, haa had hit feara ex cited to aueh a pitch that he is trying to conciliate the popular voice by declaring ostentatiously in favor of aa alliance with the West, and displaying a determined hostility to Russia. Other members of the royal family, lesa prudent or more courageoua, make no secret of their Muscovite predilections, and trust to the fidelity of the army lor keeping down any revolutionary movement. One day the anti-Kuasian party get t&e upper hand, and government appears rea<1y to yield to the "pressure from without;" the next, M. de Buuberg (the Russian am bassador) demands an audience of the King, ais repre sentations are backed by the remonstrances of t'rince Charles and Ueneral lierlach, and Prussia falls back upon her old sysUm of temporizing, ana "balling between two opinions. " Ha>i the expedition to Kebastopol met with prompt and decided nuccoea, it would no doubt have put an end to all limitation, and scattered the scruples ol the i'rustiaa monarch to the four winds of heuven. Frederick Wil liam ia no Cato, aud he would not have perilled in ad hering to a cause which tbe goda had deserted. But in the present situation of the allies, there is no very po? erlul incentive for him to court their friendship. The iat.nii n.-e resources and untlinubiug energy displayed by Kuesia have revived his admiratiuu of the Czar an t he ia probably not without hopes that tbe great abilitiea of Nicholas will ena de him to em-rge uns atliel from the tern tie struggle he is engaged in, and ti rce nis antago nists to patch up a hasty and ignominious peacs. 1 can not help thinking hia 1'rus-ian Majesty is mistaken al though the last accounts from Vieuua certainly look ra ther suspicious. It appears tiiat neg' it. atioa* have ac tually been entered iuto with the Russian plenipotentia ry, and it ia not difficult to foresee to wuose *dvaut?ge t> <y will turn out. iiut no arraii<eineot that would bo satisfactory to Russia can be otherwise than disgraceful to trance ami Knglaud; and alter tlie mcrediole oxer: ions these two i'owers have made an l are still making to pr>?e:ute the war, it seems impossible tnat tu?y sbo ill consent to terms thai would leave the r enemy unim paired in strength, an<l ready to resume his ambitious plans at tbe first favorable opportunity. l-i have reports fioin the Crimea up to the 30th ult., winch, however, are only ol negative importance. By that time the alLed army will be la0,000, and the Rus hians probably 120, 000 men strong, for the assurances of the Jfi-niltur that the statu ot tne roads will prevent Menschikolf irom being joined by any fresh troops, are mere /'ia desiderata, 'lhere is % very giod post road from 1'erekop to Hymphvropol, and it is a fact that two divisions of infantry, unuer Generals I'opoll' and l.issen ko, have arrived there since the baltle o' lo.>? rmtun. and that a third !b on its march from Odessa, in a week or two, therefore, the tug of war ia likely to re-com metice in dead earnest. A. B. Oar I'arla Correspondence* I'ahih, Jan. 11, 1855. The WeaXher ? The Rhinoceros Dead? The Emperor of Kusiia Showing the While Walker ? I'oint of Differ _ ence between Knyland and her French Imperial Ally ? Lord John Hussell ? Napoleonic Features ? His Imerial and Apostolical Majesty of Austria? i he Frowning Face of the Ctar ? The Grand Dukes ? Degradation of Vjjicers of the Eastern Army ? The Effectioc three of the French Arm y. A cold bright day ban broken the npell of mild, damp weather which ban lately prevailed in Hariri. The winter here ban thui far been leal inclement than usual ; bat rain*, and fogs and mud bare made it sufficiently dmf agreeable. One moie fureigu victim to tho climate o ) uris must n)w be counted ? fur th?> rhinoceros is dead. Two muntb* sickness hare at laiit ended the van at tempt during live years pant to acclimate thin interest ing mounter at the Uardeu of Plant*. But the hippopo tamus still survives there. The arrival of a female hip popotamus, or rather, 1 suppose, of a hippopotama, is daily expected to relieve'his solitude and divert the good people ol l'aris from reflecting too mach upon the accu mulation of I lie national debt, (ssollen by two freshets n the shape of loans, the first o. 250, OOd ; the seojol of 600,000, in less than a twelve months,) the fresh con '.logouts required for the army? the uuctrtainties of Auilriun, I'ru-eiau and Herman policy? the discouraging account" ?ruin the Crimea ? and all tue sober realites, no spectral shapes evoked by l tie fatal Kiateru Question. Vtsterday the l'aris journals announced as the capital tact of t!i?* week the arrival of despatches Iruiu Vienna remarkable for their pacific tendency. The i uiuur of a special alliauce between France an d Austria allogei her independent ot that based ou the tr i Die trea ty ol the 2d of December, haa i>oca?loned lms uueasiaes* hem tb?? in inland. the Km^wrjr, alter reflecting, as is his wont, upon the propositions delibera e<i io so lemn council about a montn ago, at the suggestion, per haps, ol the English cabinet, as to whether any modi fl rations of the constitution in a 1 iberal souse ware ad- ' visa bit, tas probably coine to the conclusi n that what ever m ght be the advantages of an alliance witn liberty and revolution, these would be counteroaUuced by their perils. He prefers, doub tless, at least lor the pre eat, to ma ntain Europe in the classical couditioii ut a war between government and government. In an alliance with the Austrian Emperor for the mutual conservation of the limits ol their teintorial possessions, be consults lees the interests of England than bis own. tiugUnd and be, it is obviously, have not precisely the sains game to play. I do not uuag ne foi a won ent that the English gov ernment is moie soliticieus than the French Emperor for liberty in itcell; but ia laundeniaole ih?t Kuglaud wuu.d gladly profit in the struggle in which s(fe is engaged ><y the forces which liberty might bring to its ant. On this point you may be sure them is a real dilforence between the two allies, which gives serious appreuensijua to the statesmen of England. England is uneasy at had ing lii-rceli less the ally of France (of tue FrencU ), than ol their Emperor. While the journals are full of conjectures as to the an ticpated Minister!*) changes in the English cabinet, Lord John Kui-seil has arrived in I an* and been received at the Tuileiios. It is not likely that he will alter the pro dilecrous of Napoleon III. tor his Imperial and Aposto lical Majesty ol Austria, to whom he lia* just sent the (>rand Order of the l<egiou oi Honor, in return tor tue order ef St Stephen lately bestowed upon him by hi* loving cousin. Have you beard that a more intimate cousinsbip than 1 hat of political conventionalism, or ''connection* by mar riage," has been suggested, a* existing betw-eu tUe two monarchs Not long since, it is said a portrait of the Kmptrur Joseph was being examined by a group of per sons at the iuilertes, wnen a certain high personage suddenly asked, "lioyou not notice the Napoleonic lines in this tine countenance?" "Why, yes;" exclaimel an outspoken pr.ncets ? "how much he looks lite tue Duke of K< iclistadt." You must not be surprised then if th? heart of the Emperor of the French warms t iwards tue young and rhivafric Emperor of Austria. Meanwhile tlie Ctar wears rather a frowninf face for his young cousin, as well as his bon ami. if it prove* true that the Austrian Ambassador actually lei t at, 1 etarsburg ou the 3d, the tokens of the Czar's manifesto which he proclaims "sword in hand and cross in heart" of his prodigious aod unceasiug preparations to continue the war with releutleas vigor ? are unmistakeable. It be difficult for the most sanguine believers in the efttca:y ot d.plomacy to unravel the gordian knot which the swtI has thus far failed to cut It will be oifflcult tor them " to cry peace, peace, when there is uo peace." 1 lie (Irand Iiukes wno had visited their sick mother, the Empress, at Uatchina ? where, it is said, her health i* improving of late ? were to return w.thout loug delay to sebastopol. Thusfar they have leen less unfortunate than the two allied invalid i'rinces at Constantinople. The degradation of Suliman Pacha, commander of the Ottoman troop* at the atfa r of Jlalas lava an l of Unlet Hey, who commanded ths secouabrigadc of the same divi sion, and their condemnation to nerve for seven years a* tower* on the galleys of the Sultan, have produce! a deep and salutary iinpreasionou the Turkish army. Their puniklimcnt cannot, however, be more severe than the laceration which pu'-lic opinion in Europe would inrii it upon the names ol any similar culpntsiii tue allied ariny. I he etle> live lorce of tue French army ?a ? estimited, you remember, by the Emperor, at th- le.eot open' ol the legislative Session, as high as fill, OKI, A slight calcul ilmu would suffice to *How that t'i<s it a very liberal figure I have seen an elaborate statement, ac cording to which the effective lorce of tu-> army amjunt ed. on the 1st of December Ust, to scaraely Hy the law of 18)1, or of recraitiuent, the Win of military service i adure* seven year*, which is ths same as to sav that the army is tmnpoied of men ta?en from seven contingent*. Legislative debates and the report* of ministers of war have shown the necessity ot an an nual contingent of 80,000, in order to supply an army of ;>0u,<vki Such is the theory. Now look at th* practice. In IMo the levro .ontuigeots were called out, making an efiective of 496,000. In 1*48 the same operation was made; the effective amounted to Ml ,000. In '.he year 1864 th* army was composed of six con tingent* of KO.OOO mea. for 1*47, '48, '40, 'j0, el, '62, and one contingent of 140, noo men for lai.t, 1 his augmentation of no 000, the rou'ingent being carried from 80,000 to 140,000, would male it seem, at first sight, that th* effective force actually amount* to 670,000. which, alter all, I* not 581,000. But if you successively deduct from this nominal aum her of 670, COO, th* difference between the 20 000 volun. teersof 1M8 and the hardly 10,000 of 1861? that is, 10,000? you have 580, OuO; then the rt,000 conscript* which the navy rsttived from the contingent to th* de trimeat of the army ? that ia, fl, 000 more ia 1854 than In IMS? you have 664,000; the los* by th* ravagse of cholera at least 4,000, you have 560, (*?; thea the not*, hie defleit of eoneeripts, at least 4, <00 again, you have ?till 640,00?. Hat dedaet, Anally, the moderate *?m of 10,000 for th* actual loste* that the army of ths East ha* * a (Hired by the awnrd and tr* of the enemy, by cholera, by eX. exroaal ve fatigue, by maladies of all klad*, and you bsve left only an effective force of 690,000. Quite a snflcient quantify of food for powder, but 46,000 Us* thaa 611,000. KKiAJW FACTS AND SPECULATIONS. ooKimiar bitwon tub aspkct or thi bnolibh AND FKENOH OiKTI. Chersonaens, where most merchant iUm lanl, la (be neareet point to the Frenoh camp. gar* every thing has en appearan ee rf cere end eem'ort. On every aide the Frenoh hare leid down paved roads, Along which, deepite the unfathomable mod of the Crimea, they tranaport witu the greatest owe their guns end provisions, end mereh without difficulty from one point to another. Their hnte end tent* ?tend In ragnlar rows, and at the entrance of each street there are algnposta to indicate ths way. A strict camo'polioe is established, and oreve its 'he Accumulation of dut end rubbish. Between tae tente innumerable baking ovena a-e erected? some of atone, others portable ? In which fresh breed ie being continually bake], so that the French soldier is not obliged, like the Engllah soldier, to o intent himself with biasuit, whiou engenders scurvy. W ittout awaiting the providence of thai - govern ment, they have erected earn huts, from wood collected and partially taken from demollaued Tar tar hu'a, ano the smoke of their cnlunsya curls up pleasantly in the air. Under these ciriiu<n?tau;es there la mnco mure joviality la the French than in the English or Turkis i camp. The m^u talk, tell teles, sing ard wo.k merrily. Tne clothing of offi cers and men is as cieau aa if thev were aiujly d > iig bard garrison duty. The Zouave* anniethe cimp At night by stewing out individually, climb ing the Russian outworks, and planting Freo ;n flags upon them. Tne Russians a-e bamboozled, as at Light tires are lit at quite solitary s^ota, upon which the) Are away an hatd as th*y can. Oenetal Cinr> bert, despite hu wounds, is to be seen daily in tne tamp, nut General Bosquet ia the favorite of the inrn The Turkish camp, which i<* next to t ie Frerch, offen a miserable aspect, dirt, torn tents, nnifo bis which can scarcely be recognized as uni forms, and soldiers t"at can scarcely hi take i for soldiers. Nevertheless they squat down quiet 'y in it e mud, and smoke their pipes wi h complaceucy. We bave already said so much respeitlni tne En.; lisn camps that we sball only eive the description uf our friend in a few words:? "On the whole, it is the contrast of the French amp ? there are no nads, If we except one made recently to ooavey tie terrible morta.s. On ail sides, between the torn tents, dead rattle, horses, and oxen are rottiig, and no oae thinks of removing tbe pest-bringing c ureases Offijers and men are so bally oil' for doth* that tbey may oe placed on a par with the Turks. T i<* officer does not give himself the slightest trouble in tbe world about the ta:e of ~ tne private, his food, dress, or welter; he leaves all that to the care of tbe commissariat. Lord Raglan lives in his house, and for days together is not visible. Tie wooaen huts sent from England lie disjtcta membra in tee water, and will lie there useless, until tbe nails for putting tbem together arrive out. My ?friend, whu is a merchant, had the opportunity of milking some characteristic obe-.rvitU-ns? ailing o'ht-rs, that the Englishmen always asked forb aaly, and champagne, while the Freaehmsa asked ?'or needles aan thread. Before every bullish bureau be observed empty casks aud broken caanp?gae and brandy buttles. Toe inhabitants of the viiUges which lie scattered between Sebastspol and BU<afc 1 tiret the fiienda, have otcome, in coase of probably i eoessary severe ir*?.men;, tie bitter enemies of the allies, so that fiey are fearad as spies, and not one of tbem is allowed to leave nis bnt without an escort. My informant also nad a cioee view of the besieged fortress. He dec are 4 tbst t-.ere is n ttbe migntest indi atiooof a breach, aid that the walls of S?bastopol aojtar intact and unapproachable. To his quest1 on, " When will Ss bactopol be taken?" a Zouave r spited. " Ween there are three Thursdays iu one week!" Daapite this re ply tbe whole camp is eager for the assault. Geae ial Canrober^ never nces through tne aatnp without ben g followed by cries of "X>'wsauf, mon General," fiomhll quarters. THE LADIES OF THE RXPEDITION. 01 all trie ladies who acxiauaui.d or joined the expe dPumary aimy only one reuisius, uamely ? Mrs. Duberley, ?itf of tne ptyma-ttei of ibe lltn Hussars, who is quatteted at B>lakiava, and with wh^m she may be 0 oasionally seen rid*ug or walk<ag. The asjsctrl tb's laoy is now grave, tnough she *as in England very fond of tbe g^iet.ea of life. Many of thewivtslef' at Ma'ta. T~*raoia, He-?, & i., have bun inade wido?s by war snd cimate. This re minds me of an affecting anecdo> taat w?? related to me by a witness to <t comerim k a jo itn'ul dra goon tffi er's deith. He was feaiiull> w ui<vd iu it e. cavalry action, and la? unbo.-m-j aud deeply giosning, *hen tie requested some ons near him n t to C' nntive tnat ie was groaniog f/oni "anv want (t plurk," bnt that the pair was so intense he realty csn'd not help it ? that he kne * he was d>in;, and to rgeri that a 1< ck of bis b&'r might be at on -e cat oil* and sent, with b>s love, to t is mother. This w is done, and was the last that wasBfen of him alive. There was at that critical moment no time for fur ther parley. KCt'KMRlCiriK8 OF SKBASTOl'OL WIATIIKR. Since 1 last wrote (at wblsu time we bad two days of almof-t enmme- weather) we nave had all so -w< f eccentric atmospheric changes- bitter cold, folio w rd bjr wmpaiative heat su.atilne and bail ? snow and rain; the whole inter-persed *ttr. various modi fications of wind, from a gen 'Je breeze t<> a severe gale. These sudden changes are moat remarkable: morning will gradually reveal to ue a gloriraa sun rise, when the evening of tbe same dav wl 1 dud ua enveloped in thick murky mist. ?,ut of whlih will spring nnnii ate and rain. While t am writing the aspect of tbe heights is as cuill and miserable aa any Ruesian can posalb'y desire. Fugs hlow up in quit'k succtsskin from the castellated crags belo v. It is difficult to walk upon the aof* yielding mud around us and heavy falls of rain and trenend >ua gut-ts of wind bave It all their own wty. Su:h heavy rna-nes of failing rain as ",Hm? down uoon us laat nignt I tever saw exceeded, evea in the tropics. ? J't fit!*' Cvrrr<th,nil'nt THR COI'KTRSIKH OP WAR. Ahem ten davs ago a servant, wirt his master'! baggage, both ju-t arrived from England, loev nis way wben proceeding wi'h it from BaUklava, to where the regiment was located, and louud himself unexpertedly in tbe Russian >a my, and oloee to General Liprandi's tent. The General nnd the port mantean open? d in his preaeoce, and taking out all dosnmenta and letters seit tbem, uuopened, by the servant, with a mte to the owner, Mr. Chichester, of the 97'b, stating whit had happened, and that tbe reetot bis property had, of eourse, been dis posed of according to the custom of war. Tola strikes me aa being moat civilized and gentlemanlike conduct. It is more tnao we have done, or I am dis posed to think. wou>d do. DISTRIBUTION OP Tim AUSTRIAN AND RUSSIAN TROOPS ON TIIK FRONTIKK OK POI.iND. We rrad in a Hamburg letter of 6th Initant, pubncfctd by the Indiumdanct Btlgt. ? '-It appears, from tec ent and authentic a counts, th*t tue Aus 'Han force quartet ed at Cracow aad ita neignbir hood amount! to 62 000 mea of all anon, with ?8 pieces ol artillery, divided into four park*, safll lent ly near each other to be re-unitei In foar <>r five days. According to the report of an eye witneae, tba? artillery will not be as serviceable *s ml<ht be desired. for want el strong hot Ren should It bs oblig ed to take tbe ficll Immediately. Toe Auv.rim eorp d'atmit ia in communi ation with :.bat of Lem bert, eonsistirg of 42.000 met>, aud which can eff-wl itsjuncticn with tha'. of Crsctw without aaygrett dim .uity, or with that of Gallicia, aa circumitaooea may require. Thoae AunrUn troo,>s have in front of ih?m tbe Rassinn army commanded by General 1'an uiir, and the first co pe of infantry, uodtr the orders of General Bk-wers, who? htadqatrters a e at Had . m, on the rigat biok o' the Vistula. Ia virtue of an imperial reacript, dated the 2.>th of Decembsr, the commaud of General diewers is to exirn<1 to the provinces of Livonia aad Coar Isnd. We <-an now appreciate with a certain de gree of accuracy the different p witioti" of tbe IiuMiu army sssembled for the lax: three unntn* in I' Ui d lis main f;rcs la ocnMntrated in the triangle firmed on the ri<ht biuk oi the VistuU, by Wilna, Giodno and Warse v, watch serves, and will a'ways serve, a? the prkclpal point d'apptn of the army of operation. With the exception of a few regiments of Hum! an cavalry, scattered over the c untry, tbe left, bank rem tins without troops, t'russi*. ooisequently, has little tifear on the side of her P< li?h f outiers. Another louonut point for ? he Russian army in Polar, d is tbe military liae es tab) shtd by Marshal I'akle witch between Xtm tec and Reiii.acd of which Klew is the pria tpal key. Wher the Emperor Nicholas decreed toe formt'l >n of a new army in Poland, I wrote to yon that tie Ru?ii?n engineering department red r?.eivd order* to romi lete with a I possible haste the fortifications of tbi* 1 i#t place, which ia now provided wli*i an imtn^m* materiel, and in a formidable slate of de i fence. In ita vicinity Is an istrenched camp, suffl cieouy xpaci'.us to shelter an etiUre army, it is j evldeut Uiat, in choosing this line for the oasis of h.n first operatic ns, the general in-chief of tbe I Russian si my will b* able to direct them with seen | itty. and extend tnem at pleasure, on bjth banks of | the Vbtnla." C AMP PRICES AHD LrXt'RIRS. I We reid ia a letter from a eoboffloer of the French | Engineers before Sebaatopol:? 41 I will giveyoa an I idea of the Banner in whica we live. If ire wtan to pro. n re anything beyond the ordinary rations we mu?t pty 2fr. a litre f<>r wine, 70 . the kihgramtae for haricots, 90e. the kilo, for potitoes. 4fr. a kilo, sugar, and "r. for a wax candle. As for other things, they uv beyond reeeon. As ti oar kitchen. It Is a kind of hot built with dry stoats and "nvered with oar cnmp u:ks. It ia so low that we can soa/cely st-vnd nprignt in it, and it ia here tnat we bavo ml our recreation* and owr goeeip. The mix comes thr< igb the roof as through a tieva, and la tbe morning the placets like a swamp. Fortunately, j we eat well . are yo nx* and in go id health, and have bomb pr of patience.'; tub raxMCtr rtoarrwo Birrnrm Tbe follotrtag, says the Commtr dm Havrt, Is a oosraet description of ou of the floating bitteries, called the Devastation, iov in oooim of comtruc tien it Oherbcmg:? Aa the object if to make it se pabie ot resUtiog the moat fan >aa An, no attempt baa been made to nin beauty at Um expense of so hdity, and tb? consequence is that in apoenraa* it ia tkiv like the huge bargee which ply on the Seine Set veen Havre and Roues. It la eatirelj flu bottomed, so as to draw bat little water, even after receiving heavy artillery. It ia 51 yards lrag nod 14 wide, and will be aimed with It guns of 60. Ita shies are of the extraordinary thioknaaa of nearly 13 inchee, and they are to be covered with sheets of lien nearly four laohee thick. Toe ribs are fom 131 to 16{ inchee thick, and are placed very close to gether. The battery will be anpplied with a sorew of 160 horse power, and will be covered over. Ita poeeisof deetru tion will ba very formidable; it will, in fcat, be a floating fort, Tha Devastation will, it is expected, not be terminated before tbe end of February. PROrB88IOMlL BSTIMATn OP THX QUALITIES OP THC RUSSIAN AND ALLIED TKOOPd. The battles of the Alma aii i Inker maun and tie siege of Bebastonol have enabled aa to study the Russian army employed in tbe Crimea. Alt toagh ibis army is partly oom. oeeU of tr >ops iron the Danube end the Caucasus, It ie clumsr, not easily handle 1, and manoeuvre* badly in preasnoe of aa en terprising enemy. Its generals always pla ? it for bivouack, as in a field of battle, in great muses, and tbey d<> n t know h> v to deploy it after an at tack, nor when to make it rexiiit In a thin line. Toe Russian intaMry ia very badly arm=)d. Some com panies only bave carbines made a'. Liege; the mus kets, only rcceitly transformed, badly kept, and ai'b butt ends In white wood do not last ling ia a campaign. This infantry will never attain tie level of tbe French infantry, whiohis real y the first in the world for making war in woody or hilly cjuu trlts, wbeie tne gtneraliu chief leaves a great deal to the initiative of the soldiers and to tbe ohlefn of corps and battalion*. In the defensive tbe prefer ence mu't ne given to tbe Eaglisi infantry, wh>, under the fire of the enemy, rest immovable as a rampirt. In a level and exposed oouatry our in f entry will bave to mod.fy its maaner of coabt'.ing, and to nxume ita old one. This c insists la em ploying compact or tun order, {tpiui ou mince,) but it <an only bs employed with intelligent and experienced trtops. Its superiority in a*mi and intelligence wi'i, howt ver, always five to our in'antry tee advantage over 'be HuwUn infaatry, wbich will always lote half Iti value when oblige! to chatg* its pitco rapidly. Ou tbe Alma eutire Ruvsiau battalli bh took to flight ia saiprlse at tie Zouaves' way of tigbtiog, they having auvaneed on them in large bcdies de ployed, having t<kia a ivtu tape cf all tne accidents of tbe ground to shelter I be m selves and to rally, and bavi ig male against the masses a ter ibie use o' tai peculiar a-ms con fided to their skill. At Irfcermann, in toe upj^r par t ot tbe battie-field, and on tne line ot tne En glish, tbe Russia* in'antry brwly attacked the eieroy, but did not know i.o? to deoloy its m?4sei k> w to rring more muskets ii-'o i>lay, and wnea thn French atticked tntir left flank entire o-ttut iion* did not know how to change their posi'lon. TietWtr? ks bravely resist-d, but tne following ranks fired in presenting arms. 8a-prlsid afte - wards by tbe sharp attack or ibe C ha meats d'lfri qne, metres of men. instead of effecting their re ir ut by tbe crests of tbe bills, dtsoended ak lifts tbe lower parts of the ground and tlie ravines, wteie tbey hllowed tiein selves to be rushed aim's; with out defence by from 1 000 to 1,200 French. Tbe Englisb bave so wen uneersiooi the advantages w'khtnops would have in at'-acklug either artil lery tr mascts of infantry, ia woody or hdly coun tries, while preserving tbe order deployed by the first li e, that at Inkeraiann tbey diJ n jt dep oy tbe t rier in columns, Wiicn caused them to lose so great a number uf men onth* Alma. Oa the Alma tne Runelin cavalry was worse than timid; not a charge cid it attempt. At Inkrrmaun tne natme of the gr and j>r?v*n<ed n from taking part iu the afTtir. At Brflskiava it oid not dare to await the charge of two eqaacroDS ot Chasseur 1 d'Afrlqao. Tae famous Ccsss^ks bave, In fact, never attempted, even in t ie plain, to carry off cur *dvan< ea pose or tbe mviu ?eil who pass our boes; but it is said that this ca vslrj is but little esteemed, even in Russia. Ai a set < fl to this, the RueBiaos really po^s-es a great snperiorit; bo.h over the French and v:e ICieiisn, snd es.eciaiU over the French, in their a:tillery. The Empe or Nio olas? ia, to doubt, Mf exoecta t>oi fi H w? - MetMl lb the natious of tbe sjuci ?( Eiii op*? occupied inms'ilf a good eal with that arm, ebich has made gieat urogress sines the wars at ibe begmtlng of tbe century. The cannon a-e of alsr^e caibrv; the carriages and caissons wril male aic ta-uy m>ved; the anil erymtn are brtvs and accustomed to their twivlce; toe offljers kno * per fectly well how to cboose offensive and defanuve positions they occupy tbeai wth boldness, hold tr.?m a long time, an J kuow tow to leave them wititon* leaving their gun*. ? Paris CutuiitiUiow.l, Hits MUHTINUA1.K AN" THE N!7!tSI10 OKPAKTMICNr OP TliE f XPICll^TlON- -KKLliilOUS UISSKNS10N8 AMO>GST "TUB MINISTEK1NO aNUILB.'' T. e last batch of sis ers and nursns, sent nut under the charge of Mies Stanley, are otill at fberapia, but slrer co:sid?rsble negotiation an arrdige n;nt has been cow to by which about 20 ot th?m aretobiem ploj ed bere. Oce h .if come ia a* additional hands, the fiber to supply vacancies which lion one oan*e or oibsr bave allien in tbe staff -vhicb Miss Nuht irgale brought oat with her. While tae giod ?hica tbe inrt>es t.ave dore is incilcalable, and admitted by tvtiy one, the euc ess of the expe ira-nt asa fea tare of tbe medical department of the army on war service cannot be considered as decisively establish ed until certain religious dissensions which hare s?|sen sre eet at rest Amoag those whose ser rices Miss Nigtitivgsle has dispensed with am five w ite v< lit d nniis, wbr>ee previ jus convent lives had not anfhoiently qnanfied t em for tbe dntkes ot nu' sing. 1h<ir removal has given umbrage to the Roman Catl oli chaplains. At tne same time some of tbe Re lion party hsve not been found aa efficient as was deemed desirable, and in tbe t flort to organize a good band of luises out of tbe material supplied by an oat bmsttf zeal ai l devotion a', home, there is some ?u>ntT of tbe whole r>'jdertafeing coming to aa ab rupt conclusion. Miss Nightingale ia quite right in tt'dtavcring to put her establishment npoa a proper bueiniss-lilie tooting; but doing so thus early will, I fesr, make ber a good number of enemies. Whe ther she succeeds or tails, she has at least tie svls fadi n o< knowing that abe baa already done an in calculable amount of good, and that for two months, when tb* re was no oie eise to act. ahe hae been tbe raal purveyor of these vast establishments, pro viding what could not be ob.ained through this re gular chantels of tbe tervioe, and especially from ner fxt>a kitchen supplying comforts without ? hit h many a peor fellow would have died. Her name and benevo.ent services are the theme of fra qutit and grateful praise amoxg the men in the trenches, and she bas made tbe Burn k Hospital ?o comfottable, that tbe convalescents begin to show a decided reluctance to leave it. PB1RKNT ASPKCT OP Bi.LACI.AVA. The harbor of HaUIlUva ia now like the b?*in of the Lotdon Docks, so croirded ia it with ebipplag of all kinds; and irora every one of these Teasel*, at all timta of the day, supplies are being c xuUntly land ed. Along a flat, dirty cause eaj, rathur t>;neu:h the ltvel of the htrbor. are boa's ?. d birges of all kinda, lsdtn with blsinlt, bureuef beef. porr. ran, bales cf winter clothing, siege guns. oJx<*a of Mini* ammunition, piles of aboil, trasses ot h?y. and *?".k? cf barley and potatces. These arc lauded ia ibe wot, and atacktd In the mud, nntil all the provisions that will spoil are enfflciently imprcgLateJ wl'.h both to be fit for tonic g to toe men. The motley crowd tbav ia perpetually wading among these pile* of nn ratable eatables is ootnet Ing beyond prescription. The very raggtd, gaunt, huDgry-liokiog men, witi initted ward and monstechioN. features grimed with diit, and torn great coats stiff witii successive layers of mad- the *e men wt:<*e whole a ipearuoe soesks toil and suffering, and who instantly remind you ot the very love*; and mort Impoverished ct?es ot Irish ptaa*ntry? are the picked soldier* from cnr different foot regiments, strong men selected to carry np provisions for tne iest of the c*mp, Mix*d with t ieha are about twohnntitfd horsemen, wno*e lank, feeble xteela, covered with bnge "raw*," s>em barely ab'e to m<vs about with their riders through the th'cc, tei scions mud. The bo rue roe n themselves w all pretty much slike ? that is, they are all 'egged acid all nindd>, jet on examining these mea closely, yoa psroeive that *om? Lave dingy brass helmets on their heed*, others the small 8;otcn cap of the " (ireys the rt-maanis of red troueeTB lodliats a btife-ar ; while a hesd drees curiously misshapen dis covers a Ucoer. Prim all these face yoa suddenly rue* to the conclusion that tbe queer looking cor i #gr is cavalry, or, rather, all that remains ot the bine fine rrgimenu wbick two montas ago Uoled ia tbe (Crimes. THR ALL rifl SPOLIATORS OP CHCRCIIES. The Roasian i>e?spuper called to i Jmmal of O6rn?0 publUhee extracts ot a letter from a resi dent at Livsdis, one ot tbe moat lovely spots in tbe Crimea, describing the devastation i t Count Po loski's villa dnring the descent at Yalta. The writer says " Urged by a presentiment of danger, we had pft'krd op ana burled a'l the mist valuthle con MM ot the bosses, such aa silver plate, jewalrj, marbles, vases, antique hosts, cottly paintings, tea ?e?vi< ee. aad lamps. We had also provide J For th? safety of the contents of the chnreh, leaving, Indeed, ncti'ing but the bare wails. Tnie, I repeat, w?s extremely lonnnate: for, when the enemy come off from Yalta, they foood scarcely anything to carry t ff. Tbey, ia fact, only got held ot 500 msaenres of wine, mbs book* from toe library, soma remains of maccuoai.a few old pUtee and disbee v lased HMN ly la tbe copbeeide, tome braes chandeliers, pi* ted teapots, glaoMe.aad certain utensils which yen will excuse my particular!* It g. Tney made repeated tr.quirlee after tbe plate, bat nobody told them where it was to be fooad, although oar domestic* ram lined oa the estate. Yoa wUI perhape Inquire bee we can* to think it in? r| to take precaution* against tboapoliation of th? church a* Lirada. Are not our enemies, though foea, still Chriitiana? Raad then what is written, under date of Oat. 8th, fraa 11m advaaoed poets near Eupatoria: "All the villages belonging to private peraona in this locality have been ravaged by the enemy. Artar a sirtie fron Eopatorla against Ak netchet , the property of Prin :e Worenteoff, not only waa all the diatri t ravaged and tne cattle earned off, bat the Interior of the c nurch waa plundered, the hole Imagea broken or ?tripped, aaa the chief one which adorned the altar anlit in many plaoea. Ae for the people, young and old, they have been beaten and otherwise mal treated at pleaaure. TUB czar ON BTABBIXO thb fallbn. The Juwnai dt*St. Ptttr?bourg ot Deo. 29 ooa taina the following vindication ot ine Roasian army In tbe Crimea The English and Pre u oh press, and eves the apeeobea or puolic men, have be?n filled with aoea setionsof cruelty levelled by oar ed versa lea against our brave soldiers in the Crimea. An has been made to diffuse the belief that our troops dei patched the woundsd as they lay on the grouad after the battle. We know that Prince Meus,hiko8' met this odious ac asatton witn the mou prompt and energetic denial. We shall confine eirselres here to reminding the world that generosity and compassion are qualities as uni veraihy astigaed to the Russian people, th?t writers matt hostile to them have never dreamed of calling theie in quel Uod. W h) can believe that the natioi which has adopted as a popular saying that beautiful maxim, "never strike a fallen enemy," cou.d render itaeif guilty of theae excesses? Let us, never; helea*, aid that if ire strenuously repel the accusation siagot to be fastened on the whole body or our galiant array, we have so Intention whatever ot extending this justlficition to a few isolated facte that m ty have unfortunately occurred, and which, had (Qey come to the knowledge of the military auMhirities, would have been checked with the vigor which >a catrao'/eri'tlo of ?or discipline. The ftots, if they did take place, onght for the rest to be attributed to the extspsra tion produced in our troops by the conduct of tha allied armies. Let us not forget th*t the Kusoiau soldier is defending his oirn soil, his hearth audi ciously invaded by foreigners allied to ttie enemiei of chmtlanliy, by adversaries who respect neither churches, nor convents, nor holy bails, and that these crimes are in his eyes ao many dflsdt of sacri lege that kindle his vengean ie. We mutt not cou ? eal from ourselves the fact that the sa lung of tne Chunh of Coersocesus, that ancient tenpe, wit kim d hy our soldiers from the bastions of Sebwto pol, has justly exasperated them. Tae resistance of a people attacked in objects ca m', stored, in <st dear to Its heart, In Its religion at well as its home*, often assumes a Aires na are by acquiring propir tions that are those of the situation. Be -tides, why nut el'e also the conduct of tar enemies ? Way not sav, for instance, that during the bittle of the 24th (Not. 6) the Anglo Free 1 sharp-shooters, unable to resiBtthe ooiliaion of our btyone'.s, t .rew t>iem selves on the ground under the pretence of b'inif wound* d, but as soon as our gallant baoi hid pat Bed, stood up again f ir the pa pose of firing ballets at ttotir legs. Aols of this sort, such as wa nave just Instanced, would an;>ly explain tha exitpera tion of the RuB?lan aoldier. Por tae rest, let us. in fiuishi tg, remind our read ers that if onr adversaries are pleased t? accuta us of cruelty, their o to prisoners d > as better jattice. The chiefs of the allied armias have received irre fragable proofs of this trath. POLITICAL SERMON Or A RUSSIAN PRBLATB Gen. b babel 'ki, who commands t'ae aecoad oa vul-y reserve corps, retained to Odessa on the ISta, and amended the divine service and cerem >nial oa St. Nicholas's day. in honor of the Emperor. The service waa held in the Preobwcheiiski cathedral, at ten in the morning. The archbishop delivered a discourse, whi ft he concluded with a prayer for the long life of the monarch. As he ceased praying, the ftnns we>e heard booming from the cotst batteries. The prelate observed that all true subjects saw in their master tbe elect of God, in whose handt ara placed the d?v?intea not merely oi Russia, bat of the wbvle world. II" also nnrnded liis ' ea-ers th*t Itntsia cnoe stood ?a a barrier to sbi <ld the fiom the ieuodatioo of tbe East, and would now proie the same firm barrier against thefl^od coming from an opposite oiection. The Russian almanacs, be said, would hw now to insert tne namei of So bastopoland the Crimea by the side of Birodiuo aid Moscow. FKJCX AND BAST CHARACTER OF TUB ENGLISH SOL DIERY. Tbe Moniteur de VAimtt publishes 'b<? foltowinsr extract i f a letter, dated bslore S^basuipol, l'Jti n t: ? "IiOrd IUgiau came this morning to oar head qnar ?rn. He m a goed rider, and doea Dot appear to feel tbe w?nt of .h? vm whtcu te left ?*. W v<er loo. He iooIh well, hat a good c >lor, wih i bitrd alit'le gray. He canoe without any oei*monv, wearing a cap coyerel w'Vi oi!ak<o. The Bngilth are 'be most tree and e?ny m?n we km*. Tbe f ?l lowing, wMeh occurs under our ryes, will appetr, pemaps, rcaroly credible. In the tr*ncti?w t.iey light a die, make t eir tea, and . h <a Hictiocc do*n ont"e ti-ck of tie trench, quietly sm>k*. Tae sou ticel row and then goas arid iooka over the pari re*, and, if be see* nothing, he cornet 1 1 vu again smorgst bis comrades. A shell fall-, bat no one takes any notice of it If one of tbe party *h'>n'd be bit, two ot hia < omrade* ra'se as snl carry him away ?lt!; tbe greatest ooolnass; fie others do no*, stir. "With ns we are cirefal not to m ike any fire. We soffcr more In the trenches from this circurn stance, bat we have less casualties, as the * n ><<?? of a flie forms a g .od mark for the enemies batteries." A SUBMARINE TBLE?RAPH FOR THB URIMBA. A correspindent Informs as that Mr. Lddel!, thi engineer or the new l4ice?ter and Hitchiu R.ilivay, fas been engsged by tbe government to lay down a anbmarine c?bie tor telegraphic puroosss ?rnn Var ta to either Cape Cnersonese or RWakUva. Thi cable is ready, and Mr. Liddell is also on the point of sailiDg to comnlete bis nommiasion of then bridging the Knxine for tbe flight of intelligence between tbe allied armies in the Crimea and their re-pectlve governments. It is expe^ed that by tin time tbis work is ao ompliabed tbe tel?gr*phlc line scroes Enrope will also be reedy; and thn enterpris ing enginrerfwbo has already laid cables in the Mediterranean and oth?r new, confidently antici pates that within two montha the new telegraphic line may be in fall operation. We shall be 3 lad to be enabled to communicate fartlier particulars on cerningan Important undertiking, the masrnitnde of whi h seems to suggest the intention of some thing more than a temporary occnostlon of the Crimea by the forces of Prance and England. ? Ism dim Daily ,Vrw.?. MILITARY SPIES. I eaw three spies in <>nr pay a day or two since, who bad .inst returned fnm a two days' sejoirn amoogxt the Ru?pisns, but was not allowed to a<Ms t ion tDem, that urocess being reserved for Lord Itagian alone. Ote tiie nrincipa' one -was, I think, an Armenian, and the flMMr taro wire Russian sol diers dre>wed in uniform. If, however, we have spies as common in tee Russian Ciinp as the enemy bus here, ee ougttt not to want for information. Dozer* of mspi' .ona looking Individuals are to bt met with, and s gentleman who iwked permission to enamire one of our redoubts toll th-< French engi ne?.r he was an Ejgliahrain, and an Eigllsb artillery ofllaar Le was a Yankee. T am convinced that Piince Menscbikoffbai as much information as be wants regaining tw. inn RUSSIANS BAIL1NU fM'RR FALSE COLORS. Tie Yrouw Hon wine, a galliot, with a cargo of saltpetre, which cleared from l/ood n with a de 'lara ticn that tbe saltpetre was Intended for consumption in Portugal, has been seized In the Tsgut, by a French steamer. It waa on its way to Hamburg, and evidently was Intended for inoortatlon into Russia. The French vessels In tbe Tego< have now instituted a rigid search of ail vessels leaving the river, ss it is discovered that the Russ'ans have organized, through falae documents, % regu' ir syt tem of trade in tbe monitions of war. A NEW nVSHIAN RIFLE CORPS. A private letter trom Ht. Petersburg states that the ciown serfs bave offered tbe Kmperor Nlcbota* a cot tin gent of GO 000 men . who are to be employed as sharpshooters. Among them a-e to be all the etmlne Lnntere , who are estimated at 20,000. Tbeee are said to be skillful mark 'men, who oass their whole lives on tbe banks of the Ural or the Ohy. in the chate of Use fox, tbe beaver and tbe ermiue. U is known that this animal can only be aimed at from a ooneiderable distance, and must be bit in the noas to avoid ibjartng tbe skin. Tbe ? h l? .,t tv bnnters, ao the letter saays, are to be lmmedistely organ, zed and sent to tbe Crimea. They are ti be aimed with tbe Mini'4 rifle. kt'HSIAVf POLITICAL BALLAD. At St. Petersbarg Lord Joha Rasseii's declaration in Parliament that the allies were content to leave Rnaata a great and poeerful State, has been float ed as tbe refrain of a popular political s mg, tbe in script!' n cf which is? "O, how sour are the grapes." INOBSUITT OP TUB PRF.KCH. The Fren h soldier is naturally very iugeoiout, and It Is he who Invented the t?nfe nttri. In Afrc? he shelters himaeir from tbe heat ot toe sen by etru v turea in foliage Here, In a Dew country, be has a 1 nee invention ; it is reid, rains and blows violently, and a-cordingly he digs in the enrtb a bole la* re enough to contain twelve or fifteen men; thoaga word la rare, be contrives to flod it, and wiUi It Ite roofs In the holt, and makes a door. He also torns a avail esse to the bottom of tbe hole, and whun you descend you aes a fireplace and a not b tiling. My company has terminated all its holes to-dw; and men are clggtcg tor my soucomij is atoned officers and mrseir They have bean nearly three leagues to eeek for wood roe the roof; thev bave bean to the tea shore, where RngUab vessels perished In tbe hurricane of tbe 14tH. -Stb<ul.>poi L-tltr to th* Covnti dr I A/? i*. THE SCRUBS AT TRB SIBOl OP CALAIS REVBRSED ? ORAKD ASOLO PRBNC* !?? MOSSTBATIOH AT DO TBE. Tbanday Inst, the 11th Instant, snjs the Dover Chronicle, tm a day to be remembered a* Dover ia connection with oao of the moat interesting 1 events, nationally ooaaidared, and the most inter esting of a looal nature, that the areaent alllaaoo of England aad Praaoa? m fruitful ia happy re ?aits? baa yet breugbt fort a. On that day, aa had been previously announced, the splendid band of ow cioee neighbor on the opposite sids of tha chan nel, the n unlet paltty of Calais, and tha gentlemen of the Choral Society of St. Omer, gave a grand mu li :al demonstration, to the town ball o t ami plaoe,. in aid of the Patrlotio Pond. At aa early boor the French oolom van hoisted to all parta of tbe town. From the toan hall and other public buildings immense tri- colors wee fly ing; the ahippUg in tie hsrbor was dally deeorated with the flags or all nations, tha French predomi nating; while flrom private houses to almost every stieet might be seen tbe ensigns of tha two cons' tries, with appropriate mottoes and devloei. in cluding a large display of the initial "U, wreathed with laurels. All basic esa was suspended for the day. Shortly before LI o'clock the whale of the gen tlemen of the band of Calais and the ch >ral society of St. Omer. formed into prooeeikm in order to walk o the Guildhall, w ere it was arranged that thuy should be met by the mayor and corporation. Toe procession started, preceded by two of the Ctlaia Municipal Guards, one bearing the standard of Eng land and the otter tbe municipal flag ol Calais. The Fr*ncb < oneul, accompanied by the captain of the Calais band and tbe president of tha choral a seiety, Ac., was followed by the band of the Staflbrdaiire mi litis; after whi h came the French band and the choral society. Each band olajed alternately, and the procession vas surrounded by a vast coaoonrso of people, w iilch increased aa it proceeded. Arrived at the Guildhall, where the major, corporation, aad tbe gentlemen of tbe Patriotic Fund Committee, aa well aa the magistrate*, C?pt. Herrick, ft. N , the officers of the ga< ns n, and sime of the principal inhabitants, were waitiug to receive them, they were addressed by tbe mayor in akaowiodgment of the sympaby and k'nd feeling vhici had prompted their visit to Dover. Toe director of thi Calais band rep ied in aoomplimsniary upee.h, congratulatory of the alliance o. toe two armies, the grsat feature of th? occasion, the concert, was looked forward to with ma%h pleasure. By the erectloa of a large gal' ler> It wsb com u ted that ti e town ball would be made to sfford accommodation for from 1,000 to 1,500 persons, aoa 'r-m the sale of t e tickets it wai conduced that quae that number would be present. Eaily is tbe d*y it *as stated that tickets were real izing an enormouH premlim; and long before tha bour for ahicb the cjncsrt was tlx id not a ticket was to be obtaite i tor any consideration. The exe cution of vocalists an 1 instrumentalists was mucl admired, at>d their performance wsa frequently in terrupted by the p audita ol t le au lieu e. At the c nclusion the Mayor called on tbe au Hence for three cheers for the Emperor and Empress of the French, and tbe ball raug with loud acclamations. Thus was endaaed one of ttie raoet interesting events * hich has be? n witnessed to the town ot Do ver by tbe present generation. BIB nOWAKD DOl'Q I. AH ON TBR FAILURE OF TUB CW MKAN tXPEMTlON. One of tbe m st distinguished of onr military au thorities? Sir flew a d Douglas? has seized the pre sent opportunity of laying bef >re bit countryman a detslled profeesioLal exp si .ion of our operations ia tbe Crimea, and of explaining for general comjre h*nsion the circa nsUuoe< which, in his view of the caH?,bave led tj (he failure of this great enterprise. Bis views may be compressed into a very few words. We embarkeu, he says, f ir tbe siege of Sebestopol with an army too ?e>k in numbers, too iufirm in physical coi ditio , and at a season of the year too advanod for such an ettsrprise. Tne?e de'ects all acted and reacteo upon each other, till in <h? end we rnnst have succumbed to the consequences, ex apt ft>r tbe unpara leleu hrroisoi and endurance sf the allied troops, the brst effect of our numerical weakness.accordirgtoSir Howard, wss tbe necessity of abandoning the bes'. line ?f operations against tbe place to bp attacked. Hid tie allies been strong enough to follow np their vicviry on the Alma by tbe o. upation of judicioas p> it loan between that river anu Ssoastopol, by a successful assault <>n the tnt.euctiec: c i?n j of tha enemy which defended tbe mouth ut toe B=loek, and by an eflac tual invefctmeotof bastopol in t <e nortnern site, "tbe h a'e of affairs in 'he Crimea," he thinks, " n ight by this time have been very different." Sir Howard ii clearVcf opinion that the place should t>ave been au ck d from the north, and that ths sbaLd nmeut of thi* plau, by ope iui^ to the ene my an uutnUrruo'.ed communication with Perekop, a 'id du cloeing our i. in inferiority of forje, was the cause of iwh of the oifti ,ulties sutisequen'ly kex peikncrd. Hrrn, however, is tns difference between a real soldier ard an ?n*.?ur- between Sir Howard Douglas ana M. L uis Kossuth. Toe latter gontl" man, arming at sinuar conclusion* by no difh cult pr'Cesit of toong t, but uaquaiifled to carry bis specniatiocs any condemned tbe tajtics of tbe campaigu an bad. The former, th >ugh re garding tbe nj?rch on li*lakl?va as sn error In a x'ratrgical point of vie*, e.udialy descrtoes it as a " ntcesiity iipp'iseu nvon tbe allied 'omnstndera," ar d d'cidTS thai it was " api arently the brst mea sure that could he aloo'ed under such ciroam h?h ec. " But then came ?he sequel, with all its tn-iln and mb-foitunes. The Ross anu, eft with their communication* perfectly open, and witi no ob statics to theic m >*erun/ to bat such as the season snd tbe country created, poured legions after le gions sorosi tbe Istbmas to the relief of the place ; the place l'self yirlded incredible supplies of artillery snd munitions ; the garrison, augmented by rein forcements from Odts-a as wen as by the crews rf the fleets, so far oum imbered its assail tnto that the allies b- came the hes egtd rather than the beale gers ; and when, after a tew weeks, tbe rainv season sort rised our a; my In these straits, extraordinary st fferiugB ensued. It is in allusion to tnese rains, we pitfcume, that Sir Howard includes tns ptriad chosen for tbe enter ^rbe among the errors attend ing it ; and be outsiders, no doubt, that tbe seeds of disesie which our troo s b ought f.-om Varna In creased the sad m ittallty wbich exposure and pri vation have occasioned ? Lttuion Times. A HI"'- 641 AM FKi IN A POKK. Tbe German Umvrr?al Uazrttt baa the fol lowing mutng arecflotM, Maud to have oc curred before deba- topol. The French having remarked an onu-ua* activity among tne garrison * cf the Quarantine Port, were anxious to know the came of it, and for that purpose deter mined to ?t hold of s< we Ru/siai eeiitlael at the outpoetn. But tLat eras no ?*ay matter, the sentinels beiog u?uall> ou tbe alert, aud taking good care to keep ont 01 danger. At last, a Zouave to toraifh tbe a>tic.e in question. T very night a watchful Mn>covite heard a rnatling among the bucLei. He ciled, Who goes there ? bat ike only ssswer be received waa a gruci t. T.iinka he to hlm Mll, " Tb la la some tat pig that basceeerted from tbe enemy. Blew me, if I oouid only get hold of It, and smugple It into tbe foit, ?o tbat oar offioera may n it lay bolo of it!" Witat jIs view he retoroa the grant, the converaat on becomee intereating to both parties, and at la<t the worthy Enaalan aeea the object of his denirea appmaco. tie lays down hla musket to seise it, bnt on f t.oiror, the treacherous beaat taroa the table* apon him. throws him down, and ?aga him in no time, then wito a low whistle he calls Ore Zooavea to hiM aid, who ? airy off his victim to the French camp in ttiumph. A TITHSIBII COUKT MAKTIAI.. We Qnd tl e UUowlLg in a leitw fr ,m Constanti nople of the 26tn alt., in ths Courritr < U MantiJU : Ihe Mussulman population witnessed, on tbe 33d. ? scene quite unique in their habite. and particularly In their military code. A p.ueecutlon waa Instituted against Buliman I'acha, woo commanded the Turk i?o division in the sfiur of Bdakleva, and Halet Bey, who commanded toe : J brig tde 01 that dlvl d oti, and who? . oonduct on that occasion waa sac i an to call for tbe proxedmga against then. Tbe sad conduct rt tbe Torktih troops In tbe affair of tbe 26th of October most be well remembered. Toe ? deplorable flight of tbe Tarklah tioops could only be . attribuUd to tbe conduct of the two chief*, who | weie the first to fly before the enemy. It was on , that day tbat the Ituraian* were enabled, without re sistance, to take pfMNloo of two reJocbU which had been placed in cbanre ot the Tarka. By order ot the Holtan, a special military cjmmialon waa ! formed to txamice tbe chargss brjngut against the two geieiala. All tbe oimpl state being 'uly supp rierf, Bu.iman Facba and Halet ; Bay wete condrmaed to degradadon and to ?even years' b?>d labor! Ttie sentence waa ? artied int> effect on tbe Flaw of the Heisaklerat. is pirsetice <f tie garrison of Coaetaa ' icople ai d an imne?e c-owd. After a reprimand rem the Minuter of War, who warmly Inveighed aaaitst their cowardice, th?y bad tbe insignia of , heir rank torn from toem, a* well as a'l their deco 1 nttiena. Tbe aoidiers appointed to execute this dcty did it with a kind of brutal setiefactlua, whlci I waa kndly applauded by the peepie. Imme , diste.'y after the tro pe bed filed off tbe two prison ers weie conducted to the steamer which ie to oon v?y them to Cypias, where tbey will work Id tbe i gailrys. Tula example ha* produced tbe bsst effect in the Mussulman ?>?>? pie, and it la hoped tbat it : Will Lave a salutary effec; on the army, aod loop Ire , the chief* with a mom correct feeling of tbe raapoo ; sibuity ?hich their commanda impute on taeu. fTat.MtTH or TUB at MIAN ABMtBS. Acooidiu to the Kaaataa axsooats tbe Emseror wl'l have the following armiee In the field neat s.iiing: ? 1. The Crimean army of 140,000 man la tbe field and 30,000 la RrbeeNtpol. 2. Tbe Toher nomcruih (Coseacka of the Kaoan) army, 40,000 men. 3. Tbe Daanbiaa army, 40,000 men. 4. Tbe army in LlthuauU and Volhynia, 120,000 mee. 5. The Baltic amy, 60,000 men. ft. Tbe reserve army, (0,000 mea. No mention le made either of the iroatd and grtaadter oo-pe In Poland, or et the Gaaeestea army. The gariLson of Odss?a bee keea frctnenily changed lately, bat It la said t J be new 60,000 etroaf. eia cHAax.M warn* and tub bxoi.ish oovkbn MBNT. It appears alaoet impossible (says tbe Hamphtr*

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