Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 28, 1855, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 28, 1855 Page 3
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2tes*> to the feet, that con Jjdernhle misunderstanding has arisen between Mm raernment on the ape hud and Vlon Admiral Sir "Chart* Napier on the other, in reference to the ttiuaeter and results of the operationa in tie Baltic. PA?**?'** toat Sir Charlha doea not oonelder fun justioe haa been done him by some members of tne government, in reference to the amount et dw ?T?~?n hi was empowered to exercise and the with holding of permission to undertake oertaln enter PrtB?* when they were propoeed to him. Sir Charlea Napier, viewing the ordsr to strike his flag ait de noting disapproval of his < ondu t, haa demanded a court martial, for the purpose of its being thorough ly lifted; but we muoh doubt whether this demand will be accedcd to. In all probability it irill be re fused on the ground that as Sir CaaMen hu re ceived no censure, direct or tmulied, from the Ad miralty, in refeieme to biB performinces in the Battlo, there is no charge against him to investigate. NBW WARLIKE INVENTIONS. A" new ahell was lately tried at Vincenues, and waa pronounced a failure. It burst too soon. Some accideats are said to have been oocasion ?d by tbie mishap. The French government is teased by applications from inventor* of new weapcns o! desk notion. Among other schemes it is proposed t? realize u nxeam cannon cilled the Architonetruo, mlnutel? draerlbed in MS. by Leon ardo da Vinci, dated 1490, which may be seen in the colleution of the Institute of France. Leonardo at tributes the merit of thin inv?ntiou to Archinedes Many cf the suggestions mad i are under the conatd eration of tbe milita y oommisslors. Some ne v in ventions have been sate tinned, aid will stio,tlv be brought out practically. At St. Cbamons the m inu facture of a new suedes of cannon on the princi pal of the Minie rifle ia goirg on rapidly- These guns will, it is sfflrmed, do good execution at a dis tance of three dliles. DEKl'KBATK FINANCIAL STRAITS OF RrBSIA. Another new financial measure just published will confirm my former statement of the desperate state of the Russian treasury, and show to what straits the Oaar la pnt to find money for carrying on the war. It appears in the shape of an imperial ukase, and levies an annual tax of 500 silver rouble* (near ly ?80) on all manufactories of tobacco and segars, and in order to restrict such fabrication* from being carried on as hitherto in private houses for their do meatio consumption, a tax of 300 silver ronbles is I imposed on such private establishment*. It most be , gratifying to the Russians to get an official insight ; into the mysteries of tbeir government exchequer from the following preamble to the ukase:?" In cou sequence of the imperative necessity of Improving ( our finances in the present critical atato of affairs bv imposing: new tax's on out liege subjects, we, Nlcholaa,'' sic. ? Corretpondence of Ltndon Newt. TUB LONDON QUARTERLY REVIBW ON THE CZAR'S ACCEPTANCE OF TBI FOI'R POINTS. An article on "Tbe Conduct of the War," in the new number of tbe (Quarterly Review, winds up wi:h the following opinions cn the ne n peace a gotia tiona:? Just ss these sheets were being priutel off, we received the intelligence tha< Kussli nad ac cepted the Four Points. Ii our article had been written ?lth a knowledge of this circumstance, we should have endeavsred to enforce the same views we have already expressed, and should not the leas have urged tbe propriety of some change in the cabinet. We believe, indeed, that taere will be greater need than ever for vigilanca and firmness. We dread the diplomacy of Russia more than her arms. We are apprehensive tna*, her submisiion is a device for aetaching Austria from the alliance, and for paralysing our preparations for the next campaign. Hostilities, it la affirmed, are not to be interrupted ; but we are alarmed lest the goverment should repeat their for mer errors, and, lulled into false aecarity by tbe negotiation*, should relax in tbeir efforts to provide armament* agains' the spring. Any such suspension in our efforts would be the height of fol ly and false economy. The mere pecuniary cost of preparing for war is vastly lees than that of war itself, ana should Russia really yield to our demands it will only be because we bold ourselves in red ness to exact what she refuses. In ignorance of tbe guarantees that will be asked of her, and the amount of the indemnity which will be required for the expenditure we have incurred, we can give no I opinion upon the conditions of peaci proposed by ! our ministers. We tiusted them to provide for the contingencies of war, and found ourselves deceived. If, taking advantage of tbe aecresy with wuicn the negotiations must be conduoted, they should agiin disappoint tut- reasonable expectations of the public, and assent to inadequate terms, they will not, we ! venture to predict, be able to witbs '.and the storm of reprobation which is justly duo to men who, through weakness and incapacity, have betrayed their country. . THE ISTHMTS OF PEREKOP. A corrw pondeut ot toe London Morning Chronicle thus explntns why the allies have not thought it t'tudect to occupy and fortify the Isthmus of i'era kOp:? ? ? Pjrst < f all , our ' M. D.' evidently reckons on the c^mmhod of vnc et a as his base of operations througti ?.be| ? nter; and if four miles or surf In 1 Kaikinit Bay abould be iuconvenient in a westerly wind, why a ft w gun boats will ket p open tbe cam- ] municMioti ' through tbe Straits of Kertcli, the Sea of - Azof, aM the Putrid Sea.' He haa. However, made no piov.a on for thd command of tbe Ice, by which tte seas, both east and west cf the isthmus, areclos.d during the winter, by which the snatlow Sivash is made as practicable for the march of the Russians as the dry land, and the isthmus itself ccasee, in a strategic sense, to be sn isthmus at all. Bat suppose this trifling obsta le of the ice re moved (in it doubtless would be by ttie energy of a Derby ministry), there are still some diffi ulties in the way of " those few gun boats," which are t j maintain the eastern communication., the Russians tbemaelves, besides their steamers at Kertcb, are supposed to have in tne Sea ol izjf a fleet of gun boats, adapted to tbe peculiar naviga tion of that very shallow sea. 1 beJeve we have not in the Black Sea three steamers of suffl jiently llgnt draught to paae Yeniktl*'-, even if we had a pilot to navigate them through that tortuous strait. Toe channel has thirteen feet of wster, and is so nar row that no vessel can enter tbe Sea of Azof with >ut being exposed to the fire of two beary batteries at Kertch and one at Yemkall. But supposing we had steamers once po verfal enough to silence tbeie batteries and light enough to float in the Sea of Azof, and that tnese steamers, after destroying the enemy's gtueboats, and luckily escaping the perils of an unknown navigation in a shallow tea, full of shifting sands, were to suoceed in reaching tbe narrow channel which communicates with the Sivache ? what then ? Wnat would have baen gamed by all these risks ? They would still bs 100 miles (by water) from I'erekop, and would remain 100 miles off, since the Sivache, iust ;ad of being na vtgaole for guu boats, is merely a shallow lagoon in many places , for Jable, ^and injothers positi vely dry, except during easterly wind. In the Hussita campaigns against the Tartars, it was three times , forded at as many different spots by a Russlau column, which thus turned the boasted lines of I'erekop, and appeared unexpectedly In tne re tr of the Tartar K ban, who had relied on that defenco. The probability is that tha Rissians will by this time nave bridged over tbe channel of Yenisei (only 100 metrea wids, which, on the closing of the Sea of Azof by the Ice, would fin* become the readiest psasage for the corn of iterdlansk and Ma rianpol. Nor oould there be much difficulty in connecting tne peninsula with the mainland at any of the fotdable points between Yenisei and i'ere kop? tbe point of Scbounpar for ins'?nc?, which ia within some miles of i'erekop, where the Russian column crossed. It is by no means my intention to de^y the strate gical vaioe of Perekop altogether, or tbe itn^rtanoe of holding it, but simply to show that a milltiry operation of this nature is not to be undertaken ia Uis easy dilettante fashion, and that, at during tie frosts the isthmus is, in a strategic sense, no isth mus at ail, and Mat any other sees in it may be turned by a powerful enemy having tho command ? of tbe continental steppe, aad ecjuutnted wtta tie shallows of the Sivache, t leie ma, be some reason* which have not occurred to our amateur tacticians for not "at once" shooting down 10.000 Turk* at Perekop, aad leaving tbem like ao macb rubbisa. SIR ARCHIBALD ALISON ON THK RUSSIAN WAR. In bla adrfrena at tfee opening of tbe Mechaoira' InmltDtiofj at rtiatuun harbor, on the 3d of January, Mir Archibald AUaon, Ihe uutinguiatied b*WUa. made tM following reference to tic Rjaalaii war:? Bach wait the internet of tbe war that it waa of the laat importance that tbey oho aid know the m tare of tbe enemy with whom ttey had to ronUad. He ?m not an Inelgtlticant ettmy. Tbe Knper.r NlchoU* baa onr 70,000,000 of men, all devoted to war. Commerce, agriculture, acieaoe, literature, philosophy were in Utile e*%e?m; all the talent of the empire waa devoted to war. Every jouog man of ability waa aent to the mllitert achoola; in Uvwe achoola HO ,000 yonng men ware educated t? tbe eclence of war, the ableat of whon were aeiectel for tbe dntlea of diplomacy. At tbe b?*d of the cmplra they fennd a man of vaat energy , an?b%ken courage, and great determination. He dev >ted tbe ooer^if of the great empire to tbo obi ; ;ta of external ag gression. and waa actually wvyjrted by the whole Kaaataa nation; every mail, tr>nn the Kmperor down the am f, waa lmpreaaed With UM idea that Kaaata waa to be Um conqueror of the wot Id. The Kmperor waa bow making war on the idea that ba waa merely giving vent to Um na'.iooal feeling. To him might be applied, with the alteration of afiw word*, tbe llnea of oaa of Um greatett poeta of taa laat century? No rh?rm? to him facile aevptrei j UM, W?r ?ooo<1< th? tramp, b* burrlwi to tbe (I'M Oane nothing be eriei, *h?? aught r??x*in? On Pt?r..boul ? tower*, till Km?i>o ataada ti? if, And ail la mine baaaatb the eaatera ?ky Now, how ?M tt that la the contort with thin great Power th*y had ntdt M sodden a transition froa the exaltation of victory to alaoat the despondency of defeat f They Nf a great deal in the joorn*M sndeavartog to throw blame on this and that Minis try, on this and that General. He neither rtosd there to vindicate oce Ministry or another? to vin dicate one General or another. Bat he stood there to point out to his fellow countrymen the errors? he might almoet say the national crimes? which were now meeting with national punishment. They were now in a state of anxiety here on account of the state of the army in the Crimea. Why was it that the noble army which bad done snob great things had been exposed te snob defeats ? Just because it was one hair its proper size. I*t them open the papers, end tbey would find the reason why (be Eog.foh were in a mich worse poiitlon than tbe French ; our army of 20,000 men was obliged to do tne work of CO 000 men. While the French weie only obliged to go iato the trenches once in every four days, tbe Eng lish soldiers must go in every other night. This of course weakens their frams, and they are unable to bear tbe cold, wet, and storms which P'tvail in that inhospitable climate. It Kng lard, when tke war broke oat, h*d had 100,000 tegular troops, 10,000 cavalry, and 8,000 mlutia, tbey woulahave gained a deciaivd ?u xess in the tlrot campaign. Suppose tbey had had 100,000 men to transport, they might have sent 40,000 to the Hal- 1 tic, akd taken Cronstsdt, and 60,000 to the Crimea and taken Sebastopol. Why, if 6,000 cavalry in- j stead cf 700 bal been at the bat'le ol Almt, they : would have cor veited it Into a total route, and fie Itnwian arm y, broken and dlaorganlzed, wou<d hare been unable to defend Sebastopoi. At tbe battle of Balaklava, after the lapse of 430 years ct the vsry ani.lventary of the battle of Agloe>urt, if there had been 6,000 Englisi troops, tae valuable road Irom Balsklava would have been preserved, and supplies would have been carried up with perfect t-afety. 6,000 English horses would nave marched triumphantly through 10,000 Russians. Th j bat tle of Inkermann, destined to be luiin irtal in the 1 world, and to take its place with the battles of Marathon and Platea? at that battle, if we had bad 20,000 more Knghsh troops, while with the right 1 wing we hurled the Russian battalions down the heights, with the left wing are would have tiken Rfbastopol, and the two Grand Dukei would have come up to the theatre of aotlon only to see ths to tal destruction of their father's bopas. Bee now what a dreadful atate their army had been brought into in consequence of the incessant clamor for re- 1 ductlon. If they would see the g wd effects of war, they would have only to oall oat their armies, and fee the r (Doers wno have been trained in eve-y lax- | ory, and the soldiers acenstomed to every comfort, , endnriag patiently every hardahip and submitting to every privation, and ready every moment to lay down their lives for the country. But see alto the good ctftct of the war on the nation. Let tnem look around and they won Id see people of all < lasses, from the Queen to the peasant, even inoluding the oaptive in his dungeon, sacrificing certain comforts and doing everything in their power to provide for the widowa and children of thoce who bid fallen in the strvice of their country. He would say one word ot consolation for those who were le t bereaved -the memory of those who were dear to thim were embalmed In the recollection of coantry, their Dames would never be for and to the e tney might apply the betutiful tie poet:? Br fairy band* tbeir kn< unji, By forma anssan their tl i n Ming, Their honor comes a pilg K'rey, To deck the turf that wi*| their clay; Ami freedom shall a while repair To dwell a weeping hermit there. HOW ENGLAND TREATS TH03E WHO HAVE BLED FOR HER. [From the Loudon Times, Jan. 0.] Tbe conduct of our official establishments at Ba laklava, Scutari, and elsewhere. may weil earn for us the title cf "tbe European Cbiaeee." Incapable ot anything bnt the merest routine, unequal to the slightest eme'gen-y, our officials have contrived to do as much to discredit our national character at the conduct of our regimental officers and private aoldiers baa done towards elevating it. Three hours were occupied by the wounded disembarked at Sou tail in struggling, weak and agonized, over the quar urof a mile of ground that separated them from our mhr suitable receptacle of misery. Flesh and blood were embarked and disembark*!, toeaed and bandied about, with no more regard to quivering nerves t>nd bleeditg wounds than If tney had been so many bales uf wool or cotton. Rut why do wa apeak cf the miseries thus endured in place*, the rtmottneas of whose situation, the iiewnoas of whose establiabinents, nffer some excuse for inhu mai ltj ai.d some palliation for neglect? I jet oar readers consider the cass of the Himalaya at Ports mouth . and then say whether they know of any ; Christian people to inhuman as those to whom Eng < lard delegates the care of wslc >nung b* k to their native soil the b.avest ani best deserving of her | sors. On Tuesday last tbe Himalaya arrive! at Ports mouth. snd, after a delay of t ventv four hoars, ranged alongside the jetty, and began to onload her melancholy cargo of ei k and wounded -toe shakea aid n>atl)ated remnants of the heroes of Alma, of I Irke ncann, and ot Balaklava. It mu*t have been In itself a touching and moving ape taols, auch as tbe sternest nature could scarcely witness without pity Here were men who, exposed to every bard feliip. and urged an by no incentive but a feeling of benor and devotion, by the mere effort of uacm querable will and unflinching hardihood had saved our army fum destruction and onr coantry from dices ter, and wnat now was left of this tremendous Infsntry, tula gallant and dashing cavalry ? Arm lets, ejelees, tcotleae, as onr correspondent describes tbem- rent with ihot or shell, pleicel by biyooeU, scd hacked by sabres, thev staggered on. support ing each other in this mefancbo'y march, till they Mocd or ce more on that acred soil whici bad sent them forth to conquer, and which might almost be supposed to throb under the feet of Its returning protectors. Thev came; but who was there to welcome tbem? Every body knows that Portsmouth ? warms with officials, naval and military, and that, it toe (juten bad been landing from Oaborne instead of our aelo leei- and crippled aoldiers from the Crimea, there would not bave been wanted one of the tale to swell tbe unmeaning pomp and idle ceremony. We should bave bad the Admit a'. Sup< rintei dent, the Port Admiral, tbe Lientenant Governor, and a host of otlier officials who-* titles it Is not now worth re cordirg, as none of them could fin] time :o attend to this ordinary duty of hospitality and humanity, or to ?ee tbst tne noble f relent of tne Himalaya was received with all honor, all gratitude, and all tea times*. Tbe offitias were not there, al. hough they had twenty four hoars notice, and the disern bar ation was left to be effected by tbe invalids themselves, with tuch aid as tbe crew of the steamer coo.'d afford tt em. But there is one claas uf offi cials never wanting to the dnty of saluting an Englishman on his return to his native land. If the < >enera s and Admirals were wanting, tbe Custom House officers were not. They wert fiere toexs mice tbe baggage sf the wounded soldiers, laudably an x ions that no ring's pound ot tobac :o should e? r*;e Its contribution to the revenue, and afford an untaxed enlace ti the miserable hon.-s of sickoeM or convsleacence. The search was conducted on tbe open Jetty, and until It was sol dier or oftioer was allowed to leave tbe spot. Tney aat and crouched as best tbey might in the bleak January afternoon, tbone shivering aad mutilated re.fcs of the strong and tne brave, and poodered, doubtless with thoughts too bit ter for words, on the welcome which the country for which they had given all extended to tbem in return. There were no am ou lances, no stretch - ers; there wis no on* to care for th* m, or to conduct them to their allotted home, antil, at last, after the matter seemed almost desperate, help came in tbe aba|,e of omnllmssw for those who roald sit, and stretcher* for those wno could not; and the misera ble scene was thus brought to a tardy end. With ?uch a specimen of Portsmouth, it were vain in de?l to waste criticism or Indignation on th* mise ries of Balaklava < r Scutari. How lias war already baidened our be irta and deadened our sympathies ! Six irontba ago we w*ie met with the m?*t violent disclaimer* when <,ur correspondent aierted that cur Uoops were lil fed and 111 carta tor on their ar nval at the wild and remou shore of Gallipoll, and low smb a i-cste aa we have described can pass at our principal seaport and aranal wit .out comment, and almost without notic* ! THE ICE BUE IKING UP IN THE BALTIC. i DAMikW TO VUTKMII COHHE1U.B mm HI -BIAS (mm. (*>??? tr? I<rn<trm Tim** Jill . 12.) W? think U dralrable that attention ah mid be diie- i?-d to tbe i-reeent aepect of affair* in the Bel Nc . wLen, b ?? have terminated the cam paign, we bare not bean abeointely relieved from tr e contingencies cf the mnn. Wb ee oar fleet vu wittdrawn from theee waer* the Itnaaian er|uadroua were Imp leoned, or ?oppeed to be lov EiiMKfd, for tre winter in Mt Ml harbor*, the e beirg relied upon m a convenient and infallible .Lktrumefit of bl ckade. Our own era. -era Vera accordingly di?j<oreed in different .,uart? r<; noine of tbe heavy ahipe are bound for the Black rtee, and otbeia have U? n distributed along oar own coaete. It ? 111 be dUce-ntd, however, that tha efficacy of Jeee anangameaU depend* entirely upon tne oon tinuoaa dnratieo of the ice la tbe Uulfa of I, ithnle ard Pin and, where tbe tleete of tbe Caar are eta tioaed; for If by any arci.lent of weatoer it ah to Id ?'iddealy break up forever ao abort a Una tba Rue a?aa eqoadrona would !? at liberty, and oar own < mme?ee, or even our own ahoree, might be ex joeed to alarm. Tba altnation of affaire, Indeed, w Mid for tbe moment hero in ?' aur.h ae it might bare been bad oar Baltic fleet been die*blad or eiuda4 at anv I ' rlod of tbe rammer. We do Mt pretend to regard thll contingency u probable, but it wili hart been a een that our cmee potdeat ytaterday, witting from KM. rmn?ta ?tfpiwiwil^ if toa tee to lh?mto?i i ib event onosoal tnd?ed, b?t lutnnninUiMM to exempt oa from theneceesJty of taking proa? - Utm accordingly. Ho atotoa, also, that at the date of bis despatch tnere waa not tho alia hteat appear aace of boat either is the Bay of Kiel or the adja cent watera, and be ad da, that a mercantile steamer, the Balmoral, had left the Frith of Forth after oar ahlpa, on their retain from the Baltic, had arrived there, bad made her voyage oat to Kiel, and waa oa culatiig with perfeet confidence oa getting baek again to Ltith without encountering any impedi ment In cavitation. The inferenoe, therefore, na- ' tuially suggesting itaelf la, tnat thoee water* may poNribl? become more open and the Rumim Beet mo; e die . osable for action than we imtgioe. Wetrast that aofflclent provision baM been made by the Admiralty against these contingencies, atd that the conotry may be relieved of all alarm* from ? tta to eaaily guarded aa the Baltic. Aa it hap pen*. tbe straits leading to thine waters cu be watchtd with great facility, and a oualn of steamers weald provide us with all the aecudtv required. We repeat, that our apprehensions on thia iirad are not very great. It ia not probabU that the ioe will ao break up a* to aet the crui-era of the Czar a*, liberty, and, even it suoh an eveiit were to occur, the obvi oua risk of being Irtsen oat of port, by a return of tbe in at, would operate materially to the disc >ar egen>?nt of adventure. BtiU, it must be re mem bered that the very possibility of the occurrence would be attended wita alarm, and events in the l'aciiic h%ve shown how eaaily a tear or cor vttes n i*y elude the pursuit or the r antagoniats. It la somewhat remarkable, indeed, that the war should bave endue, d for a year without bringing t? tbe chance of capturing any one of the Russiaa cruisers km, wo to be abroal.and, when wee >a?ider tbe uneasiness which thrae enemies occaaioaed, we may look be k with more aatiatacuoa to the block' adt toiucoeacfaUy maintained throughout the spring and summer by our fleet ia tns Baitio. Up t > the present we bavo been happily exempted all the nore Lmni'dute evila or war. Taough our coaata are opt n to the attacks or an adversary pus seated ot moweiful navy, we nave never ex *rl (need tie smallest a'atia, acd our merchant vessel* bave pursued tneir voyages to all uorta of the world with as much on concern and security as if we hid been a?tli at peace. These are advai Wges (or which we cannot be too thankful, and, while they shoald encourage ui in supporting the less direct burdens of war, they ought to teaub us the atmoet vigilance in preserving a state oi things ao conducive tj the national prosperity and honor. PROJECTED MEDIATION OP THE UNITED STATES IN EUROPEAN At * A IRA Ilium the lA>n<lon Dally New*, Jan. ll.J J Tl ens la a likelittood, It apoeare, that ^ went of the United Statea ??er 10 m,ld'^n^ tween the contending Power* ot kurow. Tne pro^ iioeal when first moted in the Legislature at Washington, was coolly received. ?d for the time; but it sterna now about to be renewed with more vigor and penristance. The newspapers Uirtuabont the Union are filled with dWcusaiona on tt<lH Hubject. by referring to the letter of oor co.rH.iH?Dd.rt at New York, the reader wlllbeen^ blert to foim a conception of the vie wa entertained ot t! ih m?ttcr by the more temperate and aauacioua of itHadvocftitH uuiong Amencan poUticlani. The ariroment? by which the advocate* of me la tion *ek to more thJlr countrymen to aiopt thelr view* appear to be mainly addressed to the nation a rente oi itH own Importance, 'l'he change* ?r? dcoualy rung on the undeniable truth , that the North American Republic, having great commercial In lercsta to protect In all watera, cannoi afford to "tand aloof from the counsea of other Statea; and thatthe Noith American Republic haa now attained to each a degree of conaequeice and power aa entlt.ea i t to claim to be admitted into these counatla on a footing i of pi rtect equality with the proudeat and mMt inttu r-ntlal Btates. the ci'.Izqm of the United MAtea may rest assured tfcat they will meet with no i dispo sition in Europe to resist clalma so natural anil rev g( Dtbir. Above all, no opposition to them will be Sftaad by England. Whatever individual apeakera and writers may say, the peop'eof England acknow ledge tbe apio growth of the Uni ed States lu pro* penty and power? and acknowledge it ungrudg ingly, with tbe *elf c?mi>l?ceney of ktnaui?n who watch tbe career of a young and hopeful scion of tbtlr family making his way in the wo id by hia own u mid eo eneigies. At any time when ^Mglail la trcag'd in broils and ccntr oveiaiee with any of its I LeigXre, c tiers on the part of the Uni* ??^.to nu dilate will be entertained with a filandly confi dence in their sincerity, and will meet with respect ' U On ^tbe' otter bard, the citizens of the I olted Rlatea will allow that su:i offers of medtatlou may te c edited in any *pe<ial case, ami no be implied by the declinature. It ia free to the olo p.rty 10 i Her ita fiiecdly servioea; It ia equally free | to tbe other not to accept them. They m?y be de c ined, btcauee, after mutual explanation*. It may hi ptur that the mediator aud tbe belligerent are njt ?Kited as to the nature of the quarrel or the prtncl- i nksat lwne. Such a differem e of oi lnton would lender it ImpO'Mbie for tbe one tree Hute to recog Lit e an arbitial juiUdlctlon in the other; and I , et the most peifect mutual ie?peot and amity might exist ! ^iru<Dtbe "moie open to u? to canvaaa freely tlie ros? Ible ofiVr of /metlctt mediation ia the pie aent case, because the government and l^taleuir , < r the United States have not yet reeolved to off) it. Tbe mediation is as tet merely tbe proposal c a section or patty of the Ameilcau people, wc may address our remaika upon it quite aa macn to our transatlantic kinsmen an io oar o*n c >un .ry men. We may argne win the former the expedt ercy of offering, at tin aame time that with the latter tbe expediency of aooeptin?, the mediation. And the first consdera-.lon thai ol> 1 tiudes Itself la- Why U the mellaUon to be offere l now ? wt y not aooner? If offered when Russia urat i, reed it* urjist claims upon Turkey, tne medUtin ' ct America might have averted flora the unoffanl Ibb lianublan PrtncipallUee the curse of two auc e.taive cccnpatione by foreign armlea. Off""*1 that Sebaatopol la tottering to ita fall, and the Caar, in effect, suing foi peace, the mediation can only benefit Ru*-la, whose lawleaa am Milan Pr'vok?d the war. Tbe offer of mediation la eo uahappily timed that it mu>t, cf necessity, improve the posi tion of Russia and deteriorate that of fr ranee and Ei eland if enteiUined. That miny Americans whV , from an abstract love of peace, are joining In the reoommendatioa to their government to olfcr Ita mediation, are peifectly aincere and fiiendly to Ei gland, we have no djubt. We call their attentkn. and the attention of those citizens who have not jet taken part In tbe dlacos ?ion, to thia considerati>>n, conflcent that they will h< ncnlv sliow Its due weight. But a regard to tiutb and to tbe honor and mtereaU of our own i country compela us at the same time Hankly to di (lareUatthis propf i>ed mediation In urged by a pretty string party In the United Htatoa in pure h<?tility to England. One of tbe m.mteager a<lvocatearf the Interferon b of the Ul ited HUtea in the w*r which now convalaes Eastern Europe la the New Yoax Hekald. ioninalalijC* np cne ot ita latent review* of tie W'gresa and pcllcy of tbe war in tne*e worda: ? ?? No inst.m U of race, no ?imllarity of religion, no afinmed similarity of conatitution. can blind the American people to the Une ai a ni licence of the wy in the Ea?t Public opinioo ia here undo.ibte.lly favirable to Ru-sla. There is no aeee salty for dla L-uisir g the tact, and England la welcome to the ad miMioB. Not tliat wc love Rusaia more, but that we tate ber leaa."' Thla. it may be aajd. ia but the counUrtart of the Time*' revillnga of Amerl aaad everything American, and naturally produoed by lUm. Orantod : bat, apart from B'Wap*i>era alto gether, ttere ia evidence of a boetlle feeling to ward i England, of a partisan leaolng tovarda R^aaia, am.'Cg a numeioua party In tbl? ? nit td Statea. T> wtat else can we attribute the treatment expe lietced by our priw crewa and their officer*, af^er the affaire with tbe Russiana in the North I f iflc;*; Fan Oaociaco ? To what else can we attribute the tumtroua enliatmenta of military era of the In ited Stales m the Russian servloe ? The cajoleries txciciml by the Czar with such brilliant sucjw" upon Henator Donglas and other a have of late been redcubled. Repone have reac hed ua- -to which we cannot at preaeat allade more distinct y ? of te*ti monialaof a very strange nature indeed presente t by tbe Czar to Amenc*n clMzeas. All thla has h?d i?s effect in calling Into existence a numerous pro Russian party in the United Statea. It la with thla pariv that tte idea of mediation haa originated, and its object la to promote the Intereera of Russia an 1 damage England. ... We appeal confidently to the American people, and aak item will tbey allow themael vea to be ma^le the tools of a paity in thla way? W ill they allow tbem*elvea to b? deluded Into lowenng the Urnon Into an accomplice and eat'a paw of the great tham pion of daapotl.m and barbarism? It la their Cjm i ere how thla .iue*t?on te to be anewered. tor it U the h< nor of tbe United rtutee that la at ?uk?. A* tor tti* rountrj , Engltahmen wuala deeply regret to have ant unfrienoly eoadnct to oompLaia of oe itne part of a kindred nation. KagHehMa are folly setslble if tae power, the valor, an<l intoiligen ~ or tbe N .rth Amari an republlcaaa. Hat Eog.iahrnea Will not hesitate er pause ia what they know to be tbe tain of duty for one m<>ia?at, let the North An-er can repnbhrsns.or any setot men upon earth, do or ?ay what they will. Highly though English men value the frienrtahip ol tlie United HtaUs.they will not stotp to pnrchate It by .lesletlng from what tbey know to be the discharge of a nered doty. flip*!*. A meetlsg of Madrtc capitalists ana hetd ?? the 4th, ft the Ministry cf Finance, to diacasa the nh ject of the lose at 40,000 ,100, wbtch tae Ooetse raa sutboriaed tbe goveiaBr^t to -hatred . tJ ? fn?the present, the defleit left by tbe Poertaa and Cjaennx a. Tt e aosowat <* the loan. aa I have already staled, ia to be 40.0n0flW t*aU, puareateed bv a eeporfi of torn per eenl hoe-U la tbe Beak <f Ian Fsrtaade. It was agreed tbs? the bcade saoaid he iseaaa at 33 i par ctat. Tta Btaia tor ptoppaJ 6 par wot u the rale of latere* M U>e loan; Um capita lata demanded 8 per cent; 7 par oeot waa finally agreed to. Thia iacoaatderad an advantageous rate, to much ao that Etpuna, which carrieH on a ajatematic and malianant oppoal Hob to government, to day axpraaaaa a doaotuf aaoh favor abla tcroa baring been obtained. It IS Lever t akaa perfectly true. The Bank of Baa Fernando anbeerlbed for 10,000 000, the hocae of Kothacb.H | 6,000 000; ott er capitulate for 7,000 000; nge'her, 23,000,000. It la expected there will be uo diffloalty hi nuking up tbe other 17,000,000, for although the rate cl imeieat la lor compared to that irhl n the Spanlah govt mment hu fmiuently paid for tem,? nny accommodation, it muat b? remembered tt?*t the riek iui> la very alight, ?300 of bonda being Udped aa security for every ? 1(><) lent, the tecuri'y to be reaJiied in aix nn ntbtt, if tbe money hat not been repaid in tbe interim, or ia not tuen forth coming. Tbe aUtemeLtof the revenue for the month of November laet bdowk a diminution, a? c <mp?red *itb tbe tame month of 1M63, of 16,488,268 real*. Tbe amount of levenue collected during the eleven monltie ot 1W>4, ;f which statement* have neeu pub liai ft1, ia 1 iHV (>!!? f>! >7. Tbe e-timute for tbe atnt . periuo ia l,226,HN4,l>39, ahowlbg a deficiency of 43,366,182 real*. PortU(al. T1 e following ia tbt King itegent'a Hpee h upon 1 opet'ng the Portuguese Cortea on tae 2d ot Jai Bkry Worthy Prna (;knti.vmkn Dsrtrma or Till Porto- ! arm N/tion ? It In with the greateat aatii-factlon that, acompanlel ' by n y win, King I>oiii Mto V., I appear in the centre of the national rcpreaeutative* to open tlie legislative ?e*aion of I KM>. Amicable relatione are maintained with *11 thn alliei of the i'urtugueae Itunii The negotiation* with the Holy Se? r <-i- 1_. ft in?r the church in India are carried iid Willi activity, ulid it In expected the re*ult will be aub mltted to you thia *ea*ion. The convention* between Portugal an<l Krauce, Halgium nml Holland, have been rati lied; but the reliticutiuu* of the commercial treiiti.ia with tbe Arxfiitin**, 1 ernvian ami Paraguayan Kupublica have not jet been exchanged. During i he legislative leeeaa, my "on*, Hum Mro V. anil the i'uke oi Horto, mailt* their projected tour They received it. all the countries vulted by them, proof* of coDM<h'ration anil r?teem from the Novereigna, prince*, ami all rU-hf* of the people, during their transit, which cannot bat be ac gratifying to the uitiou ami It* repre nenlativc* a- it hut been to me. Pt ace and tranquillity Intve been maintained in the kingdom and all ita uitramaroe poaaeaaioiia We were tkreateneil with the ravage* of the cholera morbtia, and w<* owe thanka to Divine Providence, and the teal ol didereut authority*, which curtailed it* pro gren. My government, anxioua to improve aa much aa poa iible tbe Mate ol our countiy, ha* continued ila beat attentii n to ita Internal trmiait communicatlonx. The mean* place! at ita dlapoaal have been well applied, and tbe work* upon the hasten ltailway (Liahon to Santa rem) continue without interruption, whilat many league* of road have been uiade in different parta of the country. My government will propose to you the meanure and nxnna ueieamry tt> continue the public worka upon the prti-eut aval* during tne next liuauoal year. In eoiiaei|uence of the acanty crop ol Indian corn in the northern piovintea the inlubitanta ol a great part of the country were aultering fram the high pricea of bread. )ortke beneflt of the laborlona claaaea, my goveni mi nt c<bt lasted a loan witb the Hank of Oporto for tbe puichaxa ot grain, to tie depoaiteil at Opurtoat a check to llie ellecte of mono|ioly; that llank evinced ita go><l feeling In promptly agreeing to the aame. In I'omteiiuecce of tbe large exportation ol grain, and aeelcg tbe mauQiciet-cy of the p< rio<l allowed tor Itnpor tationa, which expired en the .Hat ot Iiecember, it up peartd neceanary to open all the |M>rt.<t of tho kingdom for a longer time, in order that auppliea of foreigu grain, and particularly from our neighbora (the ripaiuarda^, alionid compensate for lUicka diinlniabed by a aniall liar ve-t and continued exportation. The mimatera wdl lay betcre you the meaaurea adoptetl, which will, I truat, Bin I )our approval, not only in conanijuence of ita na ture. but the clrcumatancei which urgvutly demand inl 't. The marine ai rvire and the ?tate of materiaN pertain ing to it have claimeil tbe aerioua attention of my gov ernment In ordtr tbat it may be placed upon a proper lootirg. and fulfil it* dutiea ol guarding ami d* lending our n louM a and protei ting our coinmerra, it ia neeea ?ar.v that extraoruinary meaua ahouid Iw auce-iaive.'y n p| ioj r ated to the cooatructlon of new ahip* ol war. M> governnieot will, for tliat purpoau, lay liefora you th'- necerraiy projectn of law. 1>ie government haa provi led for the more urgent ne ccaaititaof the ultr?marllie provlmea, and aei.t rein fore* luecta to Angola, Mozambique cml Mm ao. ? .*f all tbe meaaurea adopted tne rea|i?ctiva Minuter will lender you arrouut. (Jk>tl>m?i burl Tin or th* Postvoram Natiov? The budget ol Mate revenue an 1 expenditure for tho financial jearof lb^t-io will ba laid belore you aa noon aa |4M>ulile. .Nutw th -tending the unfavorable inliuencea o' a abort harveat of grain and the grapo iluieaae u|K,n the reve uitea, the atate of toe public treanuiy ilom not aenoaaly alaitu my governmenu WUh exiating Maourcea, and witiiout a>kmg new racr ficea from the rouutry, the Treaaury will ti? enable<l to meet all tbe ordinary <-xp?n diture ol th< neat tinanclai year. 'the Uiniatcr of tdnance will present you the bill m* oraaiy lor that pur^o*e, which you will rxaimue and ini| line aa yt.u muy find nrcei-aary Wortav I'hKKH a.hii i.kmihii ltKrt Tim or tuk l'uaru ol Ke* N 1TIO.H ? The f^irtea will ha\e to meet In the mouth of Septam ler ?t^t, In order that the King I lorn I'edro V may, in the pretence of the uat.onal repreaenta ivea, taae. prior t<> h.l arclamiition. tin- uathi provide.) in the T'.lh aitl cl* of the e??Mit<tutloual aharter I r.HiBdr la yaur learn ing. and in your well know n patriotism, itiai iun ?l.i. ordinary ae-i>lon you will aiteml to the dfaruaafon of thoae inattera which moat conduce to the public pr?? land the country hope that jour effort* unite 1 with th"#.* of my govt-rniiK at, will attain tlie dealre I object of proiiiotiag the felicity of the Portugueae aation, Which It ro much deaerre*. ll.e aeaiivn it opened. Appalllitic Iru^xly in ijonuon. On Bunoay, the 7lh .Jin., ? .xiiy tiuee daya after a Frttcb refugee had been conJemned to death Tor tbe muider < f two pt rtata, the inhabitable of Lon don ? ere atari led to hear, ttia' in broad dijtigtit, Uid In arrrptc'able home, aituated la a cro<rdad atreet, anotl er foreigner, an Italian, named lUa w 111. bad deliberate!/ mutdered one peraon, alio*, anoibtr, and then attempted to coniumtnau; ale IriKbial Mule* of < nniea by put'lng an end t j bla o?ii exiatenre. Tbe facti of thla fearful t.-agedy ate tbua told In the Time*. ? At No. 5 Fo>y place, Portland road, real fed a lit. and lira. Lambert, tbe tfnan** of tbe hoaae. On an upper floor 1 ved a Mrs. YViUUmaon, and apartmenta bad alao betn occutied unjer the urns roof by an Italian, naaed Lnlui Koran* Id. lleteeen it la man ana Mr* Wllllaniaon an intimacy app ar? to have aruwn, tbe *tou?l of which waa aonrrel Utween bim and Mr. Lambert. Into thia part cf the traosact'on It ia unnecaaa'y t j eater further tian to My tbat lUiarn lli wai doirel to quit LU Itlgluga, which he did aorne ten d?r" b).o. On Hunday momrg, t:.e 7 h, at balf pav. i?, be pieaeiited bin.neif at ti e door of the Lou*?, and waaadmitfed bv the a rvant. Alter excbanKinK a few woida With her be proceeded to tho djor of trie back parlor, wh em, aa the gill bad informal him, b?r rr. u- 1 * r ai d miatrena were in bed, entered toe apartOM tt, abot Mr. Lambert thr.ugi th* Head at he lay arleep, and diacharged a aecond piatol, with alnot irjualiy fatal effect, into the breaat of Mrs., aa the atared up In alarm. He then raah ed up atalta, at d endeav red to K*>n admt** i <n into tbe rocm where Mia. Williamson wm; but, not suc ceetirg. be ran to another room on toe floor ab<ve, ar d there ?hot Massif through the head.juat aa a police conatable got to the door, ilia own aiatetneot, volunteered aa be lay between lire and dev.h, With tbe blcod gnatlng from hla mouth, compreem a into tbe tempera cf naif u doaen linea the tu? rativ* of tbbt fiigbtjnl traptdv: ? "1 thia morning went to the hooae No. .0 Foley place, when the atrtet d< ur waa open?d to me by t>ie servant. I forad my way Into tbe bedroom, placed U? piat<>l at tie back oi Mr. Lambett's bead aid bi<n, anil then ? hot Mra. Lambert, and tb?n ran up ataira, wien I :oa?!t<l a piatol again, and abot m>?elf, and i hope 1 at all aoon dia. It farther appear* that ou Friday, tbe .Mb, be t,repar<-d a amall retnembran a of nlm aelf, In tbe ?nape of a note and a portrait, a ldraaw-i to Mra. ?? iliiamaon. aad tbat on Hatnday evenlag be pwhaaed the pietoia with whirb the deed waa ?om mltud. He must then have rtara on the following Boroingand pot tble drtaofnl deaiga into What will atrlke tbe reader moat forcibly in tun appalilPK atory ia the dlaproportion apparently eui> aiming between tbe provocation and ine anine. In ii.nvmatiofi, he baa explained bta murderou* attack to have arisen ftom an allegation ouuaut xated to him by the woman to llliam*oa, to the ciT- 1 that Mra. I a tuber t na<i aald abe would provide her wt'n ?< tnetn ng to drink which abould nave toe affect of dtatro)tt>g tbe infant with whi b the tormn w?? I r< yi ant by bt?aetr. After having been ordered to quit tbe bjute by Lambert, be aaya be twaa-d tda. jane Wi iian wo waa cob floe J tob<-r bed Ul; ftat be tfc(nleh?v<d abe waa aufWtog f?'?ai the efT.ct of <nogaacn.inkat?rtd to bar br Mra. lAmbert for tbe i ijryie bafor* d>acn!#d. II ha ezciuauiti from Um t ?*!>? waa probably atunded with angry worla, but tbe wot at HeiaMiLi aaya of Mr. Lea'iert la, ttiat he ' tbrrakned to adlkr nm," t? which be ad la that be be< a me d<*perate frcm that tiioe." la omm qo?nee, tbrrtfure, of a diffcranoe of thia nature. '?* itaolvea apoa murder, and. apparently, upon auicide; ccn n. ta a uetile < rime wltn an unfaltering deter Birtatioa, aad p?ta tne wbMe caae apoa rwc -rd by a voluntary -'aUmeat. without any expmaiMa of c/n Wiuoa or rvmorae. It waa thought taat tne murder er w> old ultlmat |y reerrver. Fin at Urtat Hai rin(1aa, Wul <>n*aT HtKRiaoTon. M??a . Jan M, A boat e>x o'clock lea* avaaiag tbe bocae uaariv roap'eted tar Mend l^eavitt, mm of David UaviU , of New Yo?k, waadian>m?d to M oa Hie; ana cwkag to the oomboatitde roatenta of the bMlllag, II waa aooa eaveloped ia Saoaaa. aad wee eatticly ocnaaMd, with all tbe rar^enVeea', i tambeaa' aad taaaoaa' tonka. Kiiw aapp'*ed to eataiaata iraa tba furnaoe. i/oaa aatimala.1 at t+M*. ivaaraiM-e, MM", wnku wtil aaarly c var Ue kaa aa '.be katl'diac F. T. W. THE ANGLO* A11KIC IN COMMISSION. ItaHMklal Uat of Uu Awards In the A me rlcM Cum. Th? Joint commission for tbe settlement of Ame rican and British claim* will clone ita business in London on the 15th Inst., and the commudonen will make report to tbeir respective governments. No ciu>mlt?k>n between the two natiuna has ever oolsi deted and decided ho many Important questions. Bv the provisions of the convention all claims agaiuat titf?r government, arising out of any transaction since Uu treaty of tibent up to tbe 15t'i of June las?, Bight be submitted for the decuion of the com niifMi.neiH, and wi iti er aubiulttedor nut are uence fcrth boiled. The toliowirg declaim* have been g veo in clalnax presented on l?her*of the United States actios', the Hntifh govern uj"iit. Claim ol N. L. B'g<ra A Brother*, of 3ilitn, Mane., for tte rt'.uiu ? I cua:om dutten a*w?>i in tbe Bay ot !sinuds, in New Zealand, dutlng tue y tun) i n' and 1841. l'ne c? QjunNaloiierH dinagieed on the amount of damage to be awarded, and Ut cms wan telurrad 1 1 the urnjlre. aid be awarded the aum of 97 fl7H 04. Claim lor the ae:>zuje of tie schooner Fidelity Ihtniaa T>m>h, owner. Tab vested wt* seized at S.ura Uoni- ou a charge of snuggling, from which the vtfml an* aim barged bv the court. 1'ne re ord< ol ibe court allowed tout ibe vcmhI was discharged in psttori the gioui.d that tne ?rnuggling occurred ou a prior vo>age. The ct'tumisidouers do not re gaidihiaa? a ngai giound ot discharge, anlba nctn, they say Hint there exia >d probable ' atno for tleaelzu-e, and the iliini for detention wait diaal I lowed. Case of the bark Jonec. -1'. J. Fa-nliain A C\, owi era, claim fur t ie se /.ure of tiia voseel at St. Helena, charged with being engaged lti the slave trade, tier sale at Sierra Ia one, and for the iwtU on the v? asel, ai d the value cl tne vesael and cargo. The cotuniioMoiieia u d t ot agree; they aevsrallf | de I liit d their opiniona, and the case van referred t > I tbe umpiie, a ho aaardiu to tin owners ot theJonwt 1 the luui ol $86,7120, and to sundry peiHoim tor ven turis of g ,bd< theioui aa follows, viz : ?i'j Janes (Jilbeit, Ibe maiWi', tl xtnl; tj Kbenezar lymonds, the mute, |X42;t o F. St xion, the supercargo, ?mi nnting in all to tne aum of $100,(i23. UrigCyius, Peter C. Hum**, owner. ? For seizure | aiid dtU ntii n of thisvisielby the HritUh hrig-of war Alert, on charge oi being conctruei in the *iava trade. Claim iMeallowed. Bchooner Jatin, Keuben Shapley, owner For cap | ture of thin vtwwl by the Hrltirh ahip of war Tal'jot, Much 6, 1815, after peace exuied by tue terina of the Meaty ol (iueut, i'i l..e latitude ehere ahe wan seized. The commlnHiom ra diaagreed on the darntge, an 1 it waa reteired to the umpire, ile awarded tue mini of in (1(18 Tl. Schooner L?vln l^nk.Jamei Sullivan, owner.? Thin vttacl won aold by her maater, and chartered to lortign owners on the count of Airlci. Sue waa atierwaida i> and concemiiod at Ht. Helen* for being c n< etntd in the slave trade, and claim wa* | made befoie Uie communion by tier original owners, j bu' tl e ciaim was diaallowed. Biigaiitlne VoluHia, John W. Disney and John (i??i am, owntn.? For the a?.uu e ot this veatel in i IK'jO, by tbe Britiah nteamer Battler, while on a vo} age from ltio, on a charge ol being engaged In tbe slave tiade, atd lot her cjudeoination on naviug lali-e psperti. The cemmiasioEoradbtagKed on the allowance of ttec ain>, and It was itleued to tae umpire, and he I njecttd it ibe scborner Only Son, J?mM Fuller, of Kings | town, Mass., owner. Claim in oonae<|uence of ibis | vifial having teen compel.ed to pay duties at llali f?x iu 1822, when ane 'iod put in there, on her way to a maiket mi rely, whereby she was compelled to dlfpose ol her caigo there at a loss. 'ibe comniusionetH diaagued on the allowance of 1 the claim, and tie umpire' awarded tlrV00 in lull of aa d < laim. I bb<p Amelia, Bob^rt Bob rts, owner. Claim for tbe captnie of thin vestel by a Britun cruiser w die ou her way fn<m I'orto Hico to (?lu'l^loupe, on tne 11th of Febiuary , 1H1A, and for her subsopieat con ill n i ation. It ?pp?ai ing that the ("ate of the cap'ure was prior to the rat. II anon ol tue tnaty of neacn of tie 24th ol I'eitndjtr, lis 1 4 , tbe claim was disallowed. Bilg Crioil Ciaim tor damagett in liberating nlavea on licaiu Una vosei at tne B tbama Islands, | coiu|ii'iitd to put la there on a couat ef mut. ny of ; the aiavea. Ih- committor, firs disagreed on the allowance of tie claim, i>n<ith' umpire awarded to tbe over*! eiain snta tte hum ot #112,130. Muria liolores, W. laggait an J ot lero F >r tiro r?eta?.l tmtr vef*)i a'.<l cargo ca itured by a Hi livian | riva eer and Wrought into B?i?ado< H, wher s tbe vrsul and cargo were soli by tne Hruina culo i>tal autb' rliies. The claim was held not to lie with'ii tte luiiediction o! the e?.mmlMii'ii era. The Tig ia and bcarneo, Brook ionw A Hunt, of Pah m, itasa., oanets Hamate el timed fur seizure , ol tht?e vtsitls in Ihio by a iliiti^h cruiser, and retcing ote h<rne for trial, aid tfic ?ther to tit. Helena, charged with h iving vi lated the Uws of : tbe I bltej Wa ea lb regard to tbe slave trade. 'J be c^uimiMoneni dinagrted on iha amount of , OHD age. aod 101 umpbe h#im? I ll/.ftO (four tbou t l>t d b'ne btindu d urns nxty pounds ateinng.) Thtre were several canes t.f seisarei ot ilahlng teas* s, ailsmg nndei the treaty of 18|h. Tne cmn all turted ii|>on tne ronsrruction ol toat t-eaty. Th>; United have e ntetded tbst the r vowwls tm i aright to lish anywtire beyond thru milea from tte *h re wblle tne llnush government maintilne I that tbey mnit keep oot three miles heyont a line diawn ficm oie heaoland to amAbar. By tnis cobktrnctl'jB tbey drxd the bay of Fundr, sixty Diilea wide and on" bundred ar d litty miles loag, sgaibst American llshrrmen. The umpire has sus tained the American construction ol tfic treat*, and . ctcice] the Inning cases accor jihgljr. Brig Knterpriae, J. VV. Neal and otaers, owners of slaves en board. Claim tor damages In litnMting slaves on txaid of aaid vessel under t.'ie laws of I termors, when dilren into hartior in that i>lsnd by ] s'le's ol weather. i Ibe con ml. kloarra disagreed on tbe allowance of the claim, and it releried t > th. umpire aad he awarded t) the i laimaat* the sum of It'i.fKK). Claim for Carnages in libera'ing slaves tor^ed on the Babamas bv titiees cf weatber. Ti e ce lurileeioneis clsagreed on the allowan e of tie claim, and tbe un pire awardnd tue sum of I l*i 000. rune woe otter ?ir important 'o?rlc*n c:amn, ?niciiilicx on tf.e ?rtol? to al??H fniy, an 1 tue paiticeiara of ablet) 1 ?m uhuVe to flro yvO. The Jtriinii f. toiam w?te v?uji mora naaanma, aid altfi< oflfi ibnnji o< ib< ni have tarn ri^ri , je'., oo lar a? ibr dtciaiona bare trtnuptred. Kit un Mai cf the awaida to web ftotrertnu at to ta L<a;ly ejnW. tbe BriU?h gui*rnrii<-nt entirely |>eiVfciUdll.r PI lnn>ti*l<iti from il? opr /ml 4m, < 1, mid pitntbted tvfi v ooboeirabie U ni, and pre*-* 1 *11 With iquai p<rUtt*:lty. It 1* tta l.riKlMti tale III iibtiGVrraMa mit> foreign governmente to c aim ri.oreOmn tfcey natare to be due. Itidtrd thrrr I* .car''- an; lection between what 'hey < ?im and what 1* j<i?t. It .a tot umiautl fur P.rKit>bnj?n 10 ?fr *a'-e to them** re* ? ?r?-aler OMiunreiJ juatlce tnan tbey ue wi.hnff w? ? ord lo the ptofli cf ao y other nation, and then rrlj up/n thrir |ci<ibimni to bully U, etr adtvraa./ intv grait r>K U.rir 01 jnat dema/ala. Tbe on. m talon liirhi?bi?, I ani .Informed, atreral < %an>| Ita in of thla opinion. 1ne caeca 01 KenB'jftbj . nh*m, Tayl <r and other*. Yt ikat.lre impotteia, again*! wb?m ?ulu war* ? </n n < b?*(1 at toe Inatanoe of Ute collector of Neer York in and 1*40, harmed with taring defrauded tie revenue in parait* ft -oda thrcmdii tf>* cwetoa benaa !>/ ralee in rotor a, ere the example* to wfifti I t'hr. The pertve t*a<e?J tta aerrl e <T pr x* Ui h m? of tta eaere, and Oed fio-n tne e juniry, tat In all tie Miita weie, utter Uie ad?k? of cjtinaei, cow MMt 1 h?y f.are itatrd <jOl>t untU now, without lakft* an} ?u ( ? a#*inal Km wiiactor or nay film ofll cr. end ita Bill tab g'/tt mtur t ftow emmo forward and inrkea *<!*!? ?a?ib?t tbe I ailed Hi*t?* for Um u<' n* j I'm m partte* p*ld In romp "tabing th?*e atiit#. Tbi< wm done, 1 iw tn?u- mo^ it w lim<f <-f c?mn^ i e Utwxnt* two t<mntrte? aiprawt / thtitfa U.e rrtl*?t? of oat c ma try rwatilin^ m th? oVt? r to ta ".fcject u< aJ tta ia?? tbareuf, and tne a?L< :aj I'tlt'ip e of lti'enmdobni lae Uiat every perv ti 1 * u> tht lawa of tb? cwolry 10 wb.cb be iciota. Tta?? cUiom ale, boeever, t< JfcUd. A&' thrr ' U>w "I r a.r*wklrh the n<?rer <xii"n>t?a'<d. were ?>.? b"ude </ Florfja m4 lixar. Tbe oNiHi fur 111 I filled Male* cook tta gtoiit.d that they ?? e i*A deatfned to be Ivitvl* I ?iU in t >t ftititentKr., ?* tney mm la no pro er ?eiae tLalae ?r? 1 ?t 'fte f'nitel H? iw? In tbe caae 01 Ute Tuat uoaoa lln? gnaa i *m aottaibrd ai.d tf e re)e<tM], ar>d toe <V. 110 waa tube aatwl > aa lb the <+*? <* the Florida ".4?, Ut<tgb tta uiri .tr* U, whom the* mm w?rer*? ft rn 0 etiit ?ee.- what Into u?e merlte tnl *v>w?l r?ry r b?r/,i that re eo-.ld be no claim a ?iaat tie I 1 MtaW li a Ul be Vfit d that tta it ItMi atHmtmmi'/ryr la r*<id at it'.itu,) mint tta ArnatcM rUln? ?ed for It Hrmeb. ettrout re#v1 v, ttair man it. U? Er<?W| to> k tb ? fi'.ne or^er lirtrvi. '!? fc. ? la kCiein*?ta, ae ie.a# n, et I W? n; with tb* ft vial pclxy , and aora likely ta ae--'ir? a lar 4* award. The rate of tta Mean, hairer.1 !< me of an a u.k 'npritanca ttai I ?e*tri re to rater to tnl i?ee ta pait.eoUr, aa H woe Id ma ^ esrwd 'he h * ,4* of jowr pefceece to aUeayn to (ire tta Maia of u?a rirrttrk ewe*. taarra a cJalaaal laaagai lee tta arteot* ta <*%. Kntt a*4 rotfieraUon or a daM aliened t? ta dai fr ? Ikaa to Ue Mezlsaa gwearaataU, a* toe pur cfttee Mty af teal Mtoto la tne cHy ?f Mexko, e< , whlob they wtn afterward* diapoeaaaaed by Jadf miBt o f tbe Mcxlcan coorta. Thle claim wte da* lowed. Oar OilnU twfwp??Ml?>??. Dxtboit, Ju. 18, KSi. Extraordinary Mtldmii of thi Semon Uallnen of Trade- Effort l to Hdxttn th* Unempii*fd ?h* proved Appear anet of Detroit-- 'l\o*trieat Prat ptct* ? Sinn P-ogttu of State I ^Kf latum ? Elec tion for United State e Senator - A Fiuionut Sue tfor Taikul of for On. Case, 9rt. Nut having noticed in the Hkkald for eome Una put a coireapondeooe Irom Detroit, and thinking that jour reader* w< uld like to luioir biw matiar? and tbinga in general are k,|Iuk on In Uiia regioa, I lake the liberty of udd'tuikg yon a feir line*. The winter, ihmi far, hu been unpreceJentedly pleai-ant, and today thu iud la thlning a* brightly aa it dote in April, while a aoft aouth wiad reader* Area tiat,ere*Hiiry for warming. ho# long ttie pre eent apt> 11 of fine weather wul ooatmue, no one can predict, aa changee Irom ooe extr u - t > ickh *ar come very auddeniy at timet, mi I #iuou. auy fjee warning*. The uulrusa in trade which ha? ao aarioualy afl'Mit ed thf bualiu mm of Kaalern mart*, ia aeoiibly fell hire, and hundred* of mecbatti* ai d day lab-were b?ve had aii unlooktd for Ibteivel of lor ud rett for week*. with no proejweta of employment e'i??d Iloaever, the liberality of Wcetern heart* baa tbaa far been equal to the demanda of diatree*, aad the poor acd netdy are daily ajugbt out and oared f jt by noble heart* and active hauda. 1'orainnat among the aaaociationa for relieving tha ualorta. nate of all creed* and claaaea,at*ad* the Yoong Men'* Benevolent Society, c impoiol oblefly o bunaew men, bnt aided by all who h?ve the ability to doae. Tbey have r toma centrally located, where all wbe rail are auptilled with au;b article* at are really n? ce?aary fur their cotnfuna, mob M wood, ilHhiag, medlciLee and nutricioua aoup, wmh ia given ia <|uantitlea according to the aixn of needy Uuiiliea. Of the doltig* of the Uutent of Chart ty in reliev'.ag ?Bflerlng bumauity, it i? needieoH to apeak, aa tbey are the Maine mlmaturiiig angel* the world over, al though their aflmt* arn alni'mt wh illy distributed amoLg one parti tilar cl?aa. fctlll, tbey are nerer deaf to Uie rruaof woe; their soil kn??? no reapite, aid tfceir footprint* a re found whe'tivtr ni >roj betkona. The interior or th? d >?'* not ? *a bit any evideuwa of tight time-', and "ooantry m ?* cbatita" are a* prompt aa ?ver In mectlag th lr en gagement*. Tbia la undcubtelly owing i t tue tar 44 crop* of grain harvenie I laat *ea*on, and fie hand aoine prirwa realised on all klnda of agriculture! pror una, thu* filling the |>ocki-taof mir roral fruede with loU of caali, very little of wniih waa left by them in t it city. Detroit la veiy conveniently laid ont, the atrweta being all of g* d wldto, and or ?niug oath oth?r at right anglaa. Tre two principal tborougbftrea are 110 where aurpaiaed lu beauty and laiillilea for twain* aa, bamg <m? hundred fe<-i wide aid extend U g tbeebtlre lengtu of tue cor|H?r?te litalta- their auburban extremea l>eing ornamented with doublt rowa ot abad>- treea, and forming an exVindai ?n*dy pron< uad<i In the tiunna-r, to irliich a 1 claa wa reaort. Home of the block* of aisrea ai-ut town are hardly excelled thla aide of Naw Y?ik lor architectural dea'.gn and daiah , and their atock of mirchandiM will vie, ta variety and ((nai'tity. with the aain wirabooar* of Al bany or Huflalo. Tmre are four flr.t clta* hotein here, at Metropo Itan ratea, aod nearly an liberally ?upplted aa tbat inatltutlon. Tbey are alt li iurta'j ing, tbougb aeloom oveillowing with guttata, fha tbea'.ra ia a mere decorated ahum, cootalolog tiro t'er of buna anil a pit, capable of aeating alx ban dred pereni.a. J hi- Interior arrangeineata are dingy aid gloomy, and the aUga of too am *11 diMMMaa for the repireentatiofl of aptctacle pie m. iliw ever, the beat pcrfoimi ri hare app< are<! tip m lu lawrda and the aaeate^t aitigera hav^ wa'bind thalr note* behind ita footlight*. Hlgtor* l>o Viiea' opera troupe were hero arnne time ago, aad war* quite mi ceMful, but a litre up with ttie m>aa(ir n tidi red their vlalt bnre ialbt.r unubaaait at ita te mit.ation. I'iow bo* money ottiid be I ?? 1 1# r ii.veatt'd tlmii 10 the erection of a antab^e btnl .'ng lor theatric*! tert>jrm*ace?, with a g>od a'ock (ompany and a iiau to ontril Ita a:nir<^emei<tt. Ti e l#gt?Utnr* of the HiaWi la now in a^a,i a at lanaing, tome i>li.ety mi.?n irom tbia < Ity; but aa a Ur^e majority ol It* me abera are inax ? leucrd la leKia'atlvc riinUera.and the preeldlng offl or- drfl rlrnt In a knea, c of parliamentary ui tin. ut llttio prrg'^? m m?.>e. Tbr c n-tltutioaal limit of fhe m >*Kit ia ftr'y 'i ?>*; but, nL*"?< Riattera btka a nxl.lrn c.'arge I >; tbe bettor, ft wil' re<juire forty wi t k? to act up n .? already unfer coa aiccrn.iur, IJy ryt itl act, it b. I'utuat Ineumj-ai ii|^in the nex*. iDgiki^iuie to 1 ii ? t a suoc??*or to Om.Caaaaa I'ulteJ mi.' ? riuti?u<r, ljut fiere la Miieft.k .mil nolitt'e dl?;> ?iti m iuantfMt?<l by U"e ItAiMrn r>< .< ur bmont nl iti, t> repoal tbat la w and t if ct a "fiiHi biii ' to ? n - ?<j tiia uid I ? aow raJ Af thia inotgwa a urrid and harked by p*> Iti) <aea of vialtll lwl,,f(|lJK to |lr?'ri?li, ? U> mm candidal ?a for Hi" plaie. thurv ia "<? telllog bet that ?tayaW- a?fclia pr cettTiig, boeevar, woall atbiliiiate tin no* ae^udant p?rty, and plane la tin caplto Ui'<#< ?hu woold ree-iact tns atatute aal realcot Uie old veteran. Hat aa tbe npper bona baa .town a uiap .itloa to deny ita 0M!gaU)0 t> our htata c;catltutlon in penriUmK men ti act aad vote with them who have no rni/re right ?> to do do than the "Angel Gabriel," abd th's lower V-nrr npl.olda th. tn In tl at p *ltlon, what are Ui?v aoi Uptim. 9f M?g ? iMrttVtioM to our HenaVmr have already paiatd ilroogh tbe drat (Ugee at coa urnatlon, calling on tt.i m t" v <t? for tbe repaal of tbe Kan>aa Neliraaka bill, and thn re ia*U mnnt of tl<> Mhuaairl ( ompr>miae line llowuver, ti ia la Bierely f. r ftoBcomt>eAa It la w*il known 'bat Mimra. < (m arid KUiart will fay absut a* mii'.li attoaUoa U> there r# 1 r.? ?< tnongh t ,ey were for tba dia n.rri,l<erm> i.t o! tie I'aUm. liiru.xv. Our N*?* llavrn ( 01 rit|HiHil'nt<r. NlW iltvIM, Jut. 11, |K4S. li'irH 'I'tmf - i'tjl 1 1 v ml N/.trultUtim* ? lio+rr mm Ihtltun to l? litn'iminitlnl <ty t>* tV/Hft -Ingttt hum lall.til nf by I hi Jhmitri all I'ht know S'<K inf Amo rtf Uu /.U|M ? l"h* Isctuir Ufa ton. A ctlj like thl*, rrownnd with rlu??, btoawd with abad.wy ?pl?ta and e 44 ??Ur procliviUaa, ?!ji?uld not l?k> nook itii'ODK J>m r rT*?|/"0'l?mU ? cttjr that, on Uf arrWal or the "liKliUlbx traia," to nnjto cai wiUi ibr CTJ nl "HtcKtLP, I Ism A lb," (ooUiatim th* lai?rt tM>?? not lakes.' rt.'.uld as auon pr?aum?- to think that b >na?ty toted la th? Kit b?B < mhlotri at WmtliU fUm. M ta ?>Djf twit? the dailj i> b*a<|Nt. Hit to Umi itema <-f U-4P cay. ' I'ull lita?e are tbr nllag thetnea of the mBburMtom. the merbaniaad Um w< haato- our traders ft not <mij auff?rlBf aa r*r* j than m Itos. but b re aj> in lo eintn'mm largely U> tli* relief of other*. i'utittcai spa-ulatkm ta aga>* tha < wUlal; of vlclnj r Ib, bvwavar, bo ladBiiM in- Old igfiN aUn4 la faar ul the lariat Ue "rtB m, th ?; Imt the dagger <4 |?o HtH?i MtBihllBtioQ. '? t. l?aU<?r? wl I aid raMedip t<e mix ? by th* wfilgi aad U-iBparaare tarn. What "Nun will say to Uim. I ? d'<nt know." To* d'?'?r?u bt ml* bteathelhe umo( lagraha a . he wiii uKJcHili^dljr |? in* raadidtui, If Im (?Ttiuea can |? r?",B#ht to worship I'M ala nl*?? U< b ?**. <<??* m boo e ofll>*ra and fomf Catn.aa r ? kiow no MUr divinity uut 4m> ?d "by the powers that 6b" at Aaahla ?t?o. Dor "o?ar tt'fflrr mae*i irvuhto fr <m t>w Kb-w Notjlftgs mjcdb'.Mbk of tha chara-^ar ihak ?.?b- IVott . i:*n*r.*l from tha fBJiBat Capuia Marry. ' ha? haBBadr<nM?<lly ??ibMIb>>?<1 blBM^'f lathto fctaitj. H?<h .a hu l>a*hf>ila*ia, ht akU b<4 Ib ail prt ^abiUt/ luif'turr i \nj*lt poMlrljr till Um ??rriha. I kn.w B <thl?| o* Ham a wttaraa'jiau, tyii ntfar thai ha laciity of ka>?la( aoUiafT Ull U?r? ib M/rr^ut wvrtB k*owla?. "^ani th* '44 a ib^b "rtyaaa f-ol/ a ban yon bt? ?p'/k'* Vi."1 I w?ai ? what boa ir that ' ha/at '?m *tr. *? ar? mj >1a* In ' imaaoa wuli 'or ?tour rtuaa. Uj? i*'Hj >j< paMc to> ta>aa Mr. farb?r, 4raewilriBi?d the 'jp?at UioadBfar" oe U>? ?n a . HllB, th>ir.drr*d bar* 4 <r1i ? I'ta l?at vaak - Oot;t?B Mr. I'arker who wbbw? pnlMatv renaaate* V wr?a bwimxtdto laittoJ 4-4plaa>. Mr. P faUly t??n- t*a<l the daikayod ?)iiai aa of (Itatart of ? ma t y raittBR baaotf oribod >*. 1 thtah for oaaa in bk* irfa he mar>l'?aiod a-rna i/atpV^VM o# hoaaaty ; ha cm w/ deaowam the *Ut?VI4b*b. Wa hava ai rtady i?ad oar ?phaf?' raa? a> ra4ar bj rw?' f\at* - th* h*r<aa <rf tva par ri 4hed with Ihaitnac praeaol "a? foe a ?) -tarter." r! ?had k?r4a. r "" y~** ? ?aev?a? IrtfeB* Ue W*aa a?1 herM tba BiUet. Mr. I'/Wj W'wld haw jt tha p>*>ttow. . f? I b??a bafora rawBrhad. Immimb to eatrwaei* f <M?| hot HtUe haanaai wiii tha eirMttua parhao* of the Maw llaeaa HwM, .V!? " e*w^?y Wtiw Old TaiaCta^aaaa, ?Wr itliMitalwta ooaaa ?Bd w?* rt ' btMI aadaatar la f?r?tok M tar a* a p. l/wk awt tar I tod (Mir oaa Van Tim.

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