Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 22, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 22, 1855 Page 2
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Mi armistice ku Mi been confirmed, will doubtlene pro Iw m itronf ? deaire u mr for u honorable peace, to Am wilnry wbom Prussia de?p*tcb<*J to -"H Petersburg *t th? mm t me lb* sent Gen de W?lel to Paris. But tki mv nttiofdiurj iMuuni of N icnola i for reeruit teg hia armies and replenishing bia treasury, indicate no M||ict ob hia part to provide tor meeting the otmoat lit* M?|f| q( tb? future. HU deelarat on that ha m de termined to aacrillce if necaaary, ' hia la-t ruble and his 1m t ff?" " doee not look now ai if it were an empty taut, riQARO THE KDROPK All W A it . THE NEW ENGLISH MINISffR?. (F touj the London Globe, Feb. 8.] The following oomnriiea all the asiniaterlal changes ? Lord Palmer* ton First Lord of the Treasury, vice the Bui o / Aberdeen. Carl Granville Preaiden t of the Council, in the room of Lord John Russell. Mr. Sidney Herbert la appointed a Secretary of State, hot whether the right honorable gentleman ia to be as signed the Home Department or the Colonial, we beli#m te not yet definitely arranged. In the latter caae Sll George Grey would beoome Homo Secrete ry. Lord Panmnre has, we believe, accepted the office of Beerrtarr of State for War. The poet of Secretary at War will be abolished, and in its stead will be created ? Parliamentary loder Secretaryship of State for the de partment, which will be Oiled by ltr. (Nineveh) Layard. The ChMf Secretary for Ireland, Sir John Young, will, we hare reason to believe, succeed Sir Henry George Ward aa Lord H<gh Commissioner of tbe Ionian Islands. The remaining members of the government retain their places, and their resignations not having been official! complete!, no re-eleetiona are rendered neces ?< believe that the only chaage la the Cabinet will Maiiit of the addition of Lord Panmure, and the retire ment of 1 ord Abordeen, Lord John Russell and the Duke of Newcastle. The following, therefore, is the lUt of the new Cabinet: First L"rdof the Treasury ? Viscount i'almerston. Lord Chancellor? Lord Cran -orth. President cf the Council ? Earl Granville. Privy Seal ? DuVeof Argyll Foreign Secretary? Earl of Clarendon. Home Secretary? Bight Hon Sidney Herbert. Colonial Secretary ?Sir George Grey. Minifi* r at War-Lord Panmure. Chancellor of ttie Exchequer? Right Hon. W. E. Glad ftoof. Jfr*t l ord of th? Admralty? 8ir James Graham. Public Worn? Sir William Moles srrth. In the Cabinet, but without office ? The Marquis of laneriowne. President of th? Hoard of Coitrol? Sir Charles Wood The Chancellorship of the Duchy of Lancaster and the Chief 8ecryUryshlp for Ireland remain vacant Lord Palnerston was a mem tier of the late ministry, and will oontinue to receive all the confidence that wa? reposed in that ministry The noble Lord himself has been.detdgnafed for the office of Premier, aa we have al ready said by every clues of the pnolia. He has, of course, the confidence of his colleagues. Lord J <hn Russell, who re ired from the late administration, did so in part for the very remon th it he des.rod to place a greater power and responsibility in the hinds of Lord PhlmeMoo There is no member of the late govorn ?eat whose accession to the chief post is ao likely to conciliate the opposition. The energy with which Lord Palmerston has exercised bis duties in more than one ?f the most Important public offices, and the indepen dence wh<ch he has always preserved, have be-u actum psuied by a conciliatory di position, which has to a great ?stent beutralized the rancors of pirty feeling Oi questions wbere the interests of tie country are at Mike, 'here 1s do man in the House of Commons mora ' ?keh to concentrate support from all aides of theHnise. As Mr. Roebuck observe i last Dight, he has been called to office by the voice of the entire country, and the Sovereign has ratified the popular choice. In accepting tie chief post, Lord l'almerston vacates the Hume Office and the seals of that department are taken by Mr. Sidney Herbert. This just promotion ot a genthnwn who has, la influence and lu the esteem of the Bouse, risen greatly even since the present session beyan, fac litaton that arrangement in the War Depart ment*! which Lord John Russell had so much at hea-t. Lord Panmure, we trust, takes the seals cf the newly ereated Secretaryship of War. in which offics is merged that of Secretary at War. Lord Panmure his formerly been in the War Office, and he distinguished himself in that department by the ability of hit administration. Dnrng the discussion among the late tn u sters upon the subject of this consolidation of offices, Lrrd John Russell consulted a n Jbletnau whose experience in the departments, and iu tbe public service, enabled him to give advice w th full information. The elT-ct of that eouneel we have already seen The noblem in lb ques tion was favciable to Lord John's proposition, but ha impressed npon hih noble friend the necessity of avold isig an) thing Unit, could embarrass the actual govern ment. That nobleman was Lord Panmure. It is in ?hat spirit ? favorable to the consolidat on of offices. ?Moderate for the r? sponsibihtles of colleagues, an<l aazlous above all to ings to promote the pubTc service at the present l/ird l'aumure takes the aawly consolidated office of Minister of War. Lord Granville resumes the Presidency of the Council, vacated by Lord Jobn Russell: a post which I -ord Gran wille him -elf formerly vacated, wilh that spirit of ready self sacrifice and conciliation which is the very soul of barmony in council. in other respects the chief departments of the lite vernment remain undisturbed. The l/>rd Cnancellor, r James Graham Sir Charles Wood, Sir George Grey, Ik Glad (tone and Lord Clarendon reta'u their posts. Webavealwais regarded it as desirable that the late gevrrnmsnt should continue as much as possible with ?t alterat on . and it will be observed that by the present arrangement there is tbe leiut possible im unt of altera liefl. IB? of tb{ offices fill" d by tbe Htutesm^n whoa w* bare just mentioned, however, peculiarly required tbe continned attention of those statesmen who had tbo conduct of business in their frenni The affairs of todia are in that transition state which renders It very desirable that thero should be no interruption of tltf per sonal attention to the prosecution of reforms W Oxtcn ttrt, proceeding ?t present "P smoothly, and promising tMS Jisnd result* ,i>r tbe empire. But it is when we spproach the departments connected with the bnsinoi.s of tlie war that we perceive tbe ex treme, the incalculable importance of avoiding interrup tion. Ry the retention of Sir James Graham's tri-d Ability in the depart mint of the Admiralty, the prin elple of continuance is secured for that department. Mr. Gladstone had prepared the financial arrange ?tents tor the present year, which is, perhaps, finan cially, the most important year of the war: sin-e, what ever may be the duration of tbe present contest, we must now ceate to treat it as tbe temporary accident of a particular twelvemonth, and must bo prup irod to fa e 1fe* probability of its prolongation. We need not add a word to what we have already said during the last ten days respecting the importance of ?ot removing I ord Clsrendon for a day from tha conduct ?f foreign affairs; that great object, which we have had *o deeply at heart, has been attained. E THE NEW MINISTRY OF ENGLAND AND THE PEACE negotiations. [From the London Chronicle, Feb. 10.1 e e * ? *'* ? The continuation of I/ird Clarendon in the offire he had Ailed with great intelligence and activity, is a source of congratulation. Hie conseqtietjees of bi? removal would have been Incalculable at the present stage of diplomatic proceedings. Aided by the recognised expe rieoce of the noble Premier, Lord Clarendon will, wt are convinced, draw to a speedy and dcslsivci issus the negotiations with ths respective cabinets of Vienna aud Berlin . We have repeatedly commented on the assumed neutrality of Prussia, and bave insisted upon the im risibility cf that policy being continned In Paris and Ixindon It is perfectly comprehended that a frauk declaration on the part of the Cabinet of B?rlin Is uot ? nly deslrible but peremptory. Tie neutrality of Prussia is hostile in its results to tbe Western Powers, and is at the present moment Impossible, from the prejudice it entails upon these Powers through tbe forced procrastination of Auatrlin interference 1'ntil the present unsatis'actory podtion of Prussia towards the three Powers be completely transformed, no ma terial assistunc* can be demanded, ?r indeed expected, flront Austria For. menaced on the flank by the ar<ni a of l*rnssia, snd in the front from the legions of the Crar, the fo'ces of our ally would Im> unequally matched, aad the result conld admit of no dot bt. It Is therefore imperative that the Ca->'net of llerlin be cited to declare itself without fu-ther delay, ei'.her in favor of ths Cxar ?rof the Westeru Powers. The conse<|uences of adcc'ara tkm of Prussia In favor of our adve-aary will be less nugatory than thoss with which we ar? "at present op pressed. In hesitating aoy longf r to Insist upon a clear ??owal on tbe part of the Cabinet of Berlin, France and a laud are acting in direct hostility to their interests to those of their allies. Prom the attitude assumed by l'rnsalin diplomacy, we infer that, In tbe event of a similar declaration being demanded, the Cabinet of Renin *11 recognise the ne ?aeslty of abandoDirg its sympathies, and wtU eater frankly into the only path that can conquer for K trip* the re establishment of peace. To face tae com'jjiol keetillty of Prance and Austria, support* 1 by the most powerful of the minor r-tates of G?rmany, would be a ankilal act on the part of Prussia, and oiu whL'h her monarch and stateemtn will reflect long before omnmlfting. Tlx horrors that have I 'sultel from the war op to its present stage bave been too invi.fnlj and terrible to encoiirage a nnu'ril State, In the ?spsasrt poe t oo of Prim ia, to *oter into cckiess ho<ti Mties. By tbe alliance of Prursta with tae three Powers, tbe war wtll be viituslly couclu ,ied. Ihe C/ar woal I p*r ewive tbe alter hopelessness of con' n nng a s'r w^'ls npon such unequal ttrma, and would onsent to a ?eace which, by tbe destrucUon of R us tan domi nation In the It lack Sea, would offer sofllcent gnaraataes for the future if the ob tinner of the Km pavor should prompt him to pursue hostilities, the eon Cat would be spsedily decided, and on ouerous omdl Uons for Russia. On the faturn policy of Prus iaderen la, therefor*, the peace of Europe; and by her n it' > conduct sbe has forfeitol tae proud position of arh tra tar, which was once ber prerogative, fn obedience to tba sympathy which unites that kinglom and R.issia, every attempt will be made to prot; act as long as p s aible the eventful day when the Cab net of Berlin .v III be required to declare openly the character of Its fu ture policy. Every eff< rt of diplomacy will be conjurod np to throw impediments In the way of arriving at lie satisfactory issue, when ths armies of Aaa'rla will en joy free scope, and the ambitions designs of the Cxar be dottmed to prostration. The mission of Baron de Wedel to the Couit of tbe TuUerles, although not clearly de taed, admits of sbe hope that th* government wh'eh be represent* have at length eunsulted tbe interests of tbe nation, an lare determined to enforce their adrance aaent Th* Cabinet of Berlin nas no reason to be dlssstlsflal Wttb th* treatment it has experienced at the ha ids of tba Weetern Power*. On the coatrsry, every deference baa bean displayed towards that government, aul every ?taasttre that ton-'-d to cone.liate It- appirent rulll-i vanity has been adopted. Kontiear Uroayn de Lhays, in tbe name of Frame has proffered to sign with Prus sia a separate treaty, by whicb any susceptibility thst asight have been awakened by the non admlttaase of that government to tbe lat* conference at Vienna may be MJated, l^e Cabinet of Berlin, should It ref ise to adhere to this proposal will render Itself liable to a cate gorical demand of tba three allied Powers to define at ?nee its future policy. That tbe reply may be favorable to tbs Interest* at tbs Weetern Bowaes fa Mr ittean pnytr, but la the inoeess or fetlure ot the 1mm much depend* oa the energy of Lord Ornikn. And i ho aid the diplomatic proceedings now progressing be orowaed with aucceae, it will be a new triunph to that able statesman, and also a brilliant Inauguration of the Cabinet under the Premiership of Lord Paine ra ton. [From the Pari* L'nion, of Keb. 8.1 There are two pointe of ?atiafaetion offered of by Lord Palmeraton's formation of a new administration ? Brat, the dincardlng of liOrd John Russell; secondly, the Matu ration of ao many membere of the former government. It will be aeen, with the exseption of one name, that the new Cabinet baa been a r* contraction of the old. [From the Pari* Pays, or aame day. 1 As far aa we are concerned, we cannot bat hail with ratisfaction the elevation of lord Palmer* ton to the head of Engliih affair*? a ataterinan who, from force of char acter and conviction, wi 1 give the moat 11 rely impulse to the policy of the Anglo-French alliance. INTERESTING DEBATES IN PARLIAMENT. The Bouse of Lord* eat only for a short time Feb. 6, when I be Earl of Akkkdrn informed their lordahips that Lord Palmeraton had been charged by her Majesty with > he formation of an administration, and that the noble lord was engaged In that task, but that his arrange ment* were not yet completed. Under these ciroum stances, he moved the adjournment of the House. Their lordships accordingly adjourned. In the Bouse of Commons, tlie Chancellor of thi Ex ciikqub stated that ford Palmoraton had communicated to him that the reasons which had induced the House to defer the general business were still in foroe. Lcrd Kiiki.mjton inquired whether any progress had been made In the formation of a Cabinet. The Cuancku-ok of TIT* ExcHxqrKS replied that he had roceived no communication from lord Palmeraton upon that point. The F iherlea ("North America) bill having been read a third time and paaaed, and the other orderi having been poitponod, on the motion tor adjournment Lord J. Kraut ll roee and observed, that since Moaday last there had appeared in public what wax ataled to be ? aptech of the Duke of Newcaa'lo, which he could not refrain from noticing without allowing grave errors to be established in public opinion. That speech. ht> Maid, 8 laced the iioeetion in the light of t dispute between the > uke and hunt elf, and not upon the broad ground which be (Lord John) wished it to be plased upon He stated the substance of communications made by him to Lord Aberdeen, at the end of the laot cession, on the subject of the composition of the Cabinet, the defeats to which it waa exposed, and the neceasity that the war should be prosecuted in a vigorous and judicloua manner, observ ing that It was of the utmost consequence in whose hands should be intrusted the conduct of a war. If tbia were so, the Bouae he wa* sure, would not think it unieatonahle that he being the principal member of the government to answer in that House for the eoi' uct of the war, should watch with the utmist care ita prosecution. The Duke of Newcastle ob jected to the statement he bad made, that he (the ltuke) had a strong wish to hold the office of War Secretary. He (Lord John) bad founded that statement upon what be bad heard from vaiioua mem bers of the Cabinet; and a letter of Lord Aberdeen, im plying that the War Department had been chosen by the Duke, be censiderod bore out the statement. With respect to the errors which it had been said he had Im puted to his Grace, Lord John explained with mora pre cis on what he really said. A more important point, he continued, was the averment that he had withdrawn bis proposition and changed his opinion, and here he re marked that there bad been two questions, totally dis tinct- one touchiog persona, and the other relating to arrangements in the War Department ? and he expound ed the sentiments he had entertained and expressed up on ea*h. It was very Likely, he admitted, that he ou^ht to have pressed the question in the Cabinet to a decision, and, if it were decided against him. to have resigned ; but he wished, he said, to remain in the Cabinet as long as possible As time went on, various question! arose in reference to the war, with respeat to some of which? such as a provision for the next cam paign ? he was not aatisbed ; but he still retained office. l.ord Palmers ton bad objected that he bad not taken the right time and mode of seceding, and that he ought to have brought the question of the military arrangement* to issue before the Cabinet prior to the netting of Parliament, and lie thought his lordship was right He was willing to admit his error ; but, having committed that error, he felt that be shonld be falling into a greater error ? an error in morall y? if he had stood up in that house and opposed an inquiry, telling Ibe Houie to be perfectly satisfied with the arrange ment* going on, while at that very moment, in his own mind, he was not satisfied It had been suggested that he might l.ave waited until the govenmeut were de feated and then resigved witn b a colleagues; but that course would not have been satisfactory to bis mind, and there was another alternative ? ibe government m ght have bad a majority. He had been struck, he said, wlttra statement of the L)nke of Ne *caitle watch was new to him? namely, that before the meeting of Parliament liis grace had p a:ed his rengaauon in liord Aberdeen's hands. He (lord John) had been totally ignorant of this, and he thought Lord Aberdeen, in submitting to the Queen his (Lord John's) resigna tion without communicating to him the fact t.iat he held tbat of the Puke of Newcastle, was rather hasty. With regard to Ibe obloquy and slanderous attacks to wMch ho had been subjected for the last week, he should on'y say tbat If his past public life did not protect him from tbc charge of selfishness and treachery he should itfek no arguments in his defence. The remark of the Duke of Newcastle to Lord Aberdeen. ''Do not give Lord John ltussell a pretext for leaving the government," he regarded as a sneer, which, under the circumstances, was somewhat mi- placed, lord John then d*ta 'ed the failure of his endeavors, at the command of the Queen, to firm a government, which he folt ft incumbent upon bim, lie said, not to shriek from, but ho encountered Insuperable obstacles; and, in contusion, he noticed the remarks ma !e by Sir De I -a cy Evans upon his speech in moving the vote of thsnks to the troops in the Crimea. He was exceedingly sorry, he said, if he had omitted to do boner to the gallant becond Dlv sion, or to notice the iiesC1'* *ct? ?f Hr De I acy at the battle of Inkermunn. He that a I'1!5? would come when thanks would be voteo by Parliament to army before Sebastopol, ?ot only for their gallantry, but for Ik?1* resolute eu durance of privations and hardships. The CBARCSLtoR ok THi ExcHoquxn, after adverting to the Inconveniences attending these replies in oue bo ne to spi echei in another, proceeOod to suDply, as he state (, some corrections of the narrative of Lord Jsbn Russell. As to the assumption of the offlco of War Secretary by the Duke of Nea castle, ft wan on'y necessary to say, that it tcok place with the full, unqualified, and unhesi tating sanction of the entere Cabinet. With regard to the alleged change of opin'on on the part of I<ord John, end bis suggestion tespecting the two queattona, Mr. Gladstone remarked that Lord Aberdeen and his col leagues had not the means of ascertaining the distinc tions between the two questions in lord John's miad. He thought tbat lord John bad made an erroneous ver sion of what the Duke of Newcastle had said on the sub ject of his resignation, which he did not place in Lord Aberdeen's handa. but merely intimated to the Eurl how he intenred to act at a future period. In the House of lords, February 8 ? Lord LYiiniit bht informed tlie House that, under exist ing circumstances, he should not press the motion con cerning the conduct ef the war of which he had given notice. The Marquis of CuUtmKUBDK suggeited that the In coming government should be prepared to lay before the House at nn early day a statement of the actual condi tion of the army before Sebsstopol. Earl GIUNVIU.K, as President of the Council, rose to move tlie adjournment of the H?use for a week, and, after expressing h's sense of the responsibility of the task which had been confided to him as loader of the g>* vernment in their lordships' bouse went oa to say that 10 far as he could learn, no public man of any party bad laid himself open to the charge of want of public spirit during the recent ministerial complication*. With respect to the new administration, while it would neglect no opportunity of improving our internal affairs, it waa firmly detei mined to prosecute the war with vigor, and to bring It to a successful t-rminatlon. With respeit to the war, though the losses and sufferings of tha army had been sever'-, he believed that there was no cause for despondency. 'Hie resources of the couu'ry were illi mitable. With those resources, and with the cordial co operation of our allies there was every reason to believe that we shonld iittain a just anl hon-.rabio pearse. The Mr I of ImiT tb"-n explained to the House the pait which he bud taken Onring the m os'erial inter regnum. Though he might have felt ju?tlflod, when honored by Her Mtjesty wttli her commands, in at tempting to lorin an administrailon out of the great conservative party, he had come to the conclusion that out of the una?slst?d -trength of that party hs could not have brought together so strong a government as tho exigencies of the country demanded. He ha I, there fore, felt It to be his duty to apply to lord I'aimerst >n for assistance, snd ho had found, as was to b-> expected, that that noble lord could only aid him with the concur rence of his rriends. After some delay, his invitation to Lord Pslmenton and Ms colleagues was responded to hy a refusal to co operate In the formation of agovernm-'nt, I and he bad, therefore, Informed Har Maie-ity tbat his attempt bad failed, and that it would he necuasary to ascertain whether a stronger government could not be formed by some other intoisteral eorahlni tlon. Though h's conduct might have disappointed some of his more nan* nine supporter*, h" was oonvlnoed Uiat the great conservative party should not rashly or prematurely accept office at the pre-ent portentous Tisis. I He would only sdd, that while a deep responsibly wo *14 < attach ifseir to any Minister who sh mid ooncludo a i peace which should not guarantee the tranquill ty and j indsperfence of Europe, till dee[>er responsibility would rest on any Minister \f 10 should prolong the war I a single moment after those results had b"en obUne I. j The Maiquisof I.A>otu>ows 1: also explained the course ; he had taken during the recent at'empta to construct au administration, and hoped that the new government would ??Main that suppoit from all parties la hrtth houses I which was necessary for the efficient conduct of the war. Nor was it In I'arllsment alone tbat such support was needed . lu this crisis every one in the couutry had a I duty to fulfil, and none more so tlian the pr*s* when <lia ' etissing the measures and policy of public men. Lord Mamh-sim hy at some length, replied to certain , articles In the 7Ym?, which attribute 1 to the srmr t'W great a preponderance of the aristocratic element, and 1 went into details hi prove that the aristocracy was aot , more Uisn adequately repi-eeeuteil among r?<i'jintal of fleet*. My lords a great deal Has been said lately, anil naturally said, ahou* the army. It Is a department of tt>e service wh'eh at tl.ia moment attrac*s pnolle atten tion in a high degree. The noble lord who is no* in trusted with t' is department, in conjunction with moet of lils toll-ague perhaps pay* more Itfetene* than I shon'tl think It right to piy to what is called the foutlh estate of the realm, and tn?re especially to one very able and a'tiie joureal ? I m-an the Teate*. ?ty lord*, I believe bat jon.-nal to have b??n the ttrat pro rooter of tlie expedition to the <"riin?a (hear, Ue?r ) at j the time wbi-n ft was made, at an Improper season of tlie year, and before the army waa propo'ly provid >4 wi.h transport* and etk> r ne cssarlee ( Hear, hear ) I b? Here that jo'.rnal Brjod the government? a weak and feeble government? to enter upon that expedition, and therefore, entertaining tbat oplolon, an'! with that eonvletfon, 1 think I do not overrate the power of that able jonrral opon the preeent government, which is almo-t the same a* that to which it has sueereded. Well, what bas been the endeavor of tbat journal with resp-et tj the canstitu'lon of the amy? H has directed noe un varied toir- at of abas* nganst avery part and pared of that army, excepting against that gnat part of It wfctoh nobody attempts teBnd fault with ? J mean the gallant soldiers who have fought la lta ranks. (Hear, Mar.) But it baa constantly abused i'? constitution aa regard* the officsrs; and here 1 nay say, that I was sorry to hear the noble earl the other night make rome observations wbich. 1 hear, hare been received with pain at the mili tary clubs in town. The noble earl waa supposed to haw found fault with the officers of the army, thinking them not aa efficient aa they ought to be and aaigbt be. Now. 1 confess, 1 cannot understand how any man can find fault with the regimental officers of the amy, for it ap pears to me that they have in every way done their duty ? not only exhibiting the bravery inherent la our raoe, but alao carrying out their administrative dnttea faith fully and well under the moat painful circumstance*. (Bear.) But. to revert to the observation* of the journal to which 1 am referring, and wh eh I believe baa inch influence with the government, tbe aong haa been the aame in it for the laet weak ? that the eonati tution of the army ia too aristocratic: that the regi menta are given over to the aristocracy ; that the ariito cracy awarmt in the army, and that that ia the fault, and that ia one of tbe principal cauaea, of the mlafor tunea which we have to lament. Mow. my lorda, before yon enter into an argument, it fa ccrtainly your duty to ate that your pramiaee are the aame aa those of your opponent. At the present moment I am under a diffi culty, which ia, to understand what the journal in auea tion meana by the word 1 aristocratic " Tbe word has various meaninga. At the beginning of the French Re volution, under the Reign of Terror, every man waa an arlatoeratwho wore a pair of breeches (laughter); a little time afterwards toe term was only applied to those who were decently dressed; but it was alwsy a main tained aa an offensive term in that country during that period, and a person bad only to be pointed out to the crowd aa an aristocrat, and he waa pretty sure to be rummarily dealt wi h. What, tbea, does the Timet mean by tbe term? Does it mean, when it speaks of he aristocracy, to refer to the peerage and to the ions and brothers ol peers f That la the common ac ceptation of tbe term: because to go into the nobility of ancient families, and trace distant relationships, would be quite impossible in such a case. 1 take leave ! to auppoae, then, that the Timet means by tbe aris tocracy the peerage ? their eons and their brothers. Now, the statement of the Tlmee? no longer ago than yes teri'sy? ia, that Lord Somebody (they live a nickname) ia able to go into a regiment and bny himself from one rank to tbe other, and not only one, but any number at noble lorda. Thia induced me to take up the Army Lift and aee how the case Mood, and whether the army really awarms, aa ia said, with your lordships' sona and broth era I thought the fairest way would b? to telle the first regiment which stood on the list? tbe Grenadier Guards ? collating of three battalions and numbering about one hundred offlcera. 1 took the period when our forcea were aent to the East, and the Army Lilt I quote from waa, therefore, of May laat. I find that, out of above one hundred officera in her Majesty'* First Orenadier Guards, only eighteen were at all connected with your lordships. That ia a proportion of aiout one sixth, which I do not think will be considered a very great aal disproportionate number in a regiment particularly charged with guarding the throne of an ancient monar chy. (Hear.) I say, I do not think thero Is anything striking or alarming in such a proportion. Well, I went on snd took the first ten regiments of infantry? tbo pith and marTow of your army. Commanding the First Royals waa Kir Jaa. Kemp, now, unfortunately, no more, who was cer tainly one of the most dia'-inguished officers ever seen in the British army, and at the aame time sprung from the humbleat order of the people. Well, in the regi ment, comprising two battalions, how many pears and sons and brothers of peers were there 1 One. In the 2d regiment of the line there was one; in the 3d, none: in the 4th. none; in the 6th, none; in the 6th, none; and in the 7th' there were four. And, now, with reapeet to the point of their being so soon able to get promotion. Among those four waa Captain Hare, who was killed at Alma, and who was 45 whea he mat with his death on the field of battle. In the Hth regiment there were of the brothers or son? cf pee.s; In the 9tb there waa one; and in the 10th; so that In the first ten regi ments of the Una there were only seven aona or brothers of peers connected with your lordships' House. In the first aeven regim< nts af heavy dragoons there were only three such officera; and la the la it ten regiment* of in fantry there were still fewer? only five sous or brothers of peers. This, I thlak, is sufficient to show that, if I am right in aupposiEg the Times to mean by the worls "aristocracy of England" the blood relations of your lordrhipa, there never waa a grca ** mlsrepiesentatlon made before tlie faoe of any country; and U they argue that the army is t? be relormed and improved by any change which may baniah these few men fr*>m the regiments of 'he army, they are entirely deceiving the people they address, and the government, who izay pos sibly put faith In their representation (Hear ) Bat it appears that it is not the infantry or other regiments which may or m.y not hav? officers belonging to tho aristocracy which want re'orm. There are oth?r de partmenta. 7 here are the medical and the commissariat departments, and 1 don't think in either of those there are many members to be found connected with your lordahips House. (Hear.) My lords, I mention this, be< ause I know that a pressure will b? put u^on tae noble lord opposite, who has Juat succeeded to the im portant office of Secretary for War; and I have theiefore ventured, on the firat day of his appearing in this Bouse, to make these observationa, hoping and trusting that the noble lord, when he undertakes to make those important re'orm* In tbe constitution of the army which are undoubtedly necessary, and which should be nude without los* of time, will, above all things, respect that main principle of keeping the army and the pa tronage of tne aimy ia the handB of the crown, ani that he will not be misled by any popular cry? however his colleagues may have been so during the last j ear? in meeting those difficulties with which he wUl certainly have to cope, and wbich no man more than myelf hopes and trusta be will successfully overcome (Hear, hear ) Lord Paiwuxb assured their lordship* of the devotion with which he should enter on the discharge of his ne? duties a* Minister of War, and Their lordships then adjourned till this day week. The House of Commons, in Committee of Supply, voted tbe Bum of ?1,616,600 on sccount of a navy e*tim?te, in excess of expend! ture for 18<4-'55. Mr. W. Williams inveigbod against the gross misman agement and waste of menuy in the departments of ad mi mat rat ion in the Grimes, whereby he considered that tbe nation was lowered anu disgraced The report was agreed to. Colonel tiuiHOBP made some observations strongly con duttttitory 0f the conduct of the government with rerer Mr G Birr expressed a hops that th* Chancellor of the Exchequer would verify, by producing an official ra turn, hii nta tomcat ai to tbe effective force of the tiritinn army in tbe Crime*. it _ _ ., Mr. B Wortucy appealed to tbe Home whether an/ advantage could arise from repeating, day after day, me lancholy and desponding statement* respect ng ths con dition of our army, and which he believed were gross ox """"b'ailu* justified these interrogations of tho gov ernment, after voluntsry statements had been mado by Min sters wbich were incompatible with privato reDOrU. Lord J. lluHUKLi. i id not wonder that the honorable aid learned gentleman (llr. Wortley) wished to deprecats discutsinns on this subject, at the sums time, in con sequence of the statements commonly put forth, he did not wonder (bat honorable gentlemen should ask for some explanations of ttem, nor was be surprised at tho different which there wa* atated to be between the or ulnarliy circulated snd the official statement*. The statement usually put forth wa* that there were 14,000 or 12,009 effective bayotets before Sebastopol, while it was admitted that 54,000 men had been seat out ; i?nd then it was said, how is it possible. baring sent oat 04 1(0, that there only remain 12,000* The House ou'sbt to know that this was not a fair comparison, ir they took 54 010 on the one alio, they ought not to take 12 OtO on the otter: for the i>4,0"0 men included erery military man, all tne cavalry, all the artillery, every commlsaioned and non commissioned officer, every man under arms, and every orderly employed in hospital or any duty whatsoever , and. when tbey had taken away aU tbe cavalry, all the artillery, every commissioned and non commissioned officer, and all who might be em ployed on any other duty, they would have a residue of from 14,000 to 16,000 men under arms It wa* ovldent, then, that the comparison usually ma le was not a fair one fcr If aU these men were added In the maes of 54 000, tbey ought also to lie include I on the Ovuer side, sn'd then, with the cavalry, artillery and officers, It would be found that they had an ai my of from :M,0OJ to SO COomen. He did not wonder at the mistake that was usually made, but still it was a ni'itiike, and bethought tl at the country and the House ought to kn?w that the statement wa* incorrect. The state or tbe troop* b?d been very lainentaole, aad it was impossible bat that every iu?n in thut house must feel dofply for them. At tbe aame time ho aiu*t say that yeiterday ho miit a civi lian who had just returned from the Crimea and he asked him whether toe troop* w?r* so emaciated ani fall, n in strength, and be aDawered that a great mtuy were, but that with regard to a lar^ii portion of the army? those who hail strong eousl-tu-ion*? they seemed In possession vt their atr*n?th and ready to per fo-m any mil.tary duty. (Hear ) It uii<ut be a^il that ths number of the tro ips wis smalt for such sn under'aking, bat toey mu?t rsflollect that their* wa* not the only army before ?eba? ten- I, but that there were, including their alllm. SO <H) men who were sufficient to meet any attack 11s coi d oaly'say that be had seen with ills tain, ani eith aimo disgust the attack* which had been maile <m the gallmt rum minder of the forces l-oro Rtglau. who wa* not ooly an experienced soldier, but h*<l aa m ich for ling ?n 1 com p* *?!<>? f? r the men nn !er hl< eemmand a* ao? m?n who had ever worn the llii-.uh unl'orm (hear, heir): and be iros'rd that the noble l.ord wo ild Hte superior to all the atrick* maile upon him by a ribal.i pre-* (he?r), aid wotlu meet with that re-pecl from his country ta which he wa< so Justly entitled (Hear.) Wltn respect to the new mini'Uy. 'be First Lord of the Treasury w?* a m?n who bad bad great experience oa this subject; hi* energy wa* undoubted, he had always saii-il-d the Hou?e by the declaration of sentiment* trie must pitrijtic ani by the silequate discharge o? the dut'e* of ths ofllie* which I held, snd be would have with h'm a no' le flHend I of bl? (I/rd John Ru?s<-ir?) who k*4 a^e-pi id the oMc* | for tbe War Periartmenl- The nobis lor-l t> wh')? he leferreil had held for -om" time the oiVi'* of 8 -rotarr at I War in that House : t>e was master of all the principle* I whieh regulated the amy, a* woll as of all It* i detail'' sad no donbt would tiirn his attention I to stiv Improvements whieh might be surff^Ul; ind while he would not a'mit of such ? hsnges as naitook rather of the character of iano?attoa* than of improvements, hs would y?t aiojit evervtb ng which the Mence of the present day had enahM h m to do snd make all additions which had tended to promote th.'. eftiicieney of the armies of oth?r countries. He be lieved that the present i?eeretarv for tHe War Depart n?at wow Id be ready to act la a mannee which wo?M enable the army? which l>a! sulferet. n?t from w?nt of discipline, but from defect a In t?>e civil departments? tn sosi ate the reputation of the country. He had heard state K?ats made as to the whole of their military or mnl ration being defective, lie did not pretend to go mto detail* as to tbs whole of Its orgxiita'lon ; hnt it wrohl be remsmberwl that, In the tlwe of the rhiae of Vn?k when WelUnitoo comnaoded, there wa* a ? wan? of discipline or organliation In tbe amy, and that It reaoy to *a?tsln the rwpatat on of the eoin trv and meet their enemies. He could nit believe that the orgaairatloa of the army wa* SO f.edamenUlyde ii rtive aa It was the fsshioa to impute; hut he htd no ,i?.,i.t that daring many years o* peaee, much that had hTen in use under the l.uke of Welling 'on hat got oat ^f use or^n forgotten, ami It murht be that ?urlag the first j ear of thT ear, in loo mach with out restoring *11 tbe transport ut civil eerv(oee by which an am; In sustained, they had fallen Into the grievous misfortune* which the country de plored; bnt all theie lerrloes would be restored, and all establishments required would be reorganised by bis noble (tinad the present Secretary for War. He had no doubt bnt that the House would rote the money re quired, for these establishment* would have entire confidence in the Ministry, and that the majority of the House would five to them their oordial support, (hear), and while retaining the power of Interfering, u they fonnd that the interests of the country were negleoted, they would yet give the government the opportunity or carrying all measures which might be required without exercising an unlue interference, which might be preju dicial. (Hear.) Mr Rich supported the suggestion of Mr. Butt. Mr. 0. Hsacounbad received, he said, letters from tbe Crimea of a different complexion from thoee written in a desponding tone. Tbe CH45CKX0B or not ExcHBQun adhered to his statement, but acknowledged that, considering the in tent* anxiety felt upon the subject, it was no wonder that that anxiety should find irregular channels of ex pression, but he entreated members to place as much re straint upon thofr feeling! as possible. After a few observations by Mr. O. Dundas and Mr. James M'Oregor, the House adjourned. SIR CHARLES NAPIER ON THE WAR. .-,-rhn of Admiral Kapler and Lord CaWU. to? wUTto tSZ Baltic aad In the Crlmte? Extraordinary DUeUMore** On Tueedar nlnlit, the 6th in*t , the Klgtft Hon. the Iiil Uuor HTOiii uiul annuel dinner to the Alder SSSfw/SlSa jTtorie. of the city at lUwtoo Houpe. The praoMdlngi on the owwion dorirod tbair chief, If not their only interest from tbe c^ett?1't*?5* that among the (Miti invited to the dinner were the Earl of Cardigan and Admiral 8ir Charlee Maplor, .who each cellvered tpeeebei rtlating to the war, in which tbey hare both taken act ire and leading part,.L"rd Carols en attended attired In the i*entk?l uniform which, we understand, he wore In the deep? rate cw^y ?aVJ? at Balaklava- Upwarda of one hundred ladle* and gen tlemen were preeent at the banquet. The cloth baring heen removed, and the customary Mayoe brl?Hy'propo*ad "The Vary and the Baltic aeiTlee." coupling with the toa.t ^ ^irdartoa Nipltr and Captain Ljnch, R. N. (Win* W'^ C^nulaNi w?* then rose to return thanks, aad was received with applause. The gallant admiral, who waa very Indistinctly heard. was understood to miku follow. -My Lor 1 Mayor, Lady iff? sentlemen? If an officer having returned from a roreiga service like my nolde friend, U lie w.U allow me to caJl him so (the Sul of Cardigan), after having of valor, and been received lu the manner in which he has been this day, oust feel fW**?.*1 caslon, howmuet I reel. who have returned from my command having scarcely performed any service ataU, and been censured by the government, and from my command f (Cries of "No, no. ) dismissed from my command. I bava no doubt it will he expected by the present company that ??"B aio>uut shou In te given to the very smnll services performed in the Baltic \y tnat magr lfleent Beet which waa **" irom this country. (Hear, hear.) That Beet was magnificent, wrtaltly, to a ^r^neJ* rw^Le mao manned. and worse discipline*. ; bu\ however, we?*? aged to take it to the Bait c without pilots, without chart* all the officers being perfectly unacquainted with the Baltic and the difficulties of the navigation; and I we succeeded in getting there in perfect safety. Now, tte Brat object I bad in view wa. to endeavor, if pos sible, to satisfy the wiahea or the neopU i of thi. country. I waa quite nware, when I went there, that roe tenth part of what wa* expected could never be nerformed ? but, nevertheless, I wa* determined to I do t? best Ipossfbly eonia un4er the clrcu m tances. When we first went out my view waa to r? tno ??? sians every chaneo of putting to sea I divided my fleet Into two fquadrons ? I left one In the Gulf of Finland, I and the other not very far off from the island of Goth land However, the Russian* did not think prop'1 to I come out. Our next object wa* to go to Cronstadt anl see what was to be done there. We aceordlogly proceed ed, with the assist* hce of a French fq..adroa,todoall that we po.sibly could, in order to attaoi the enemy. But we lound he thing tota'ly impracticable. In the first place, there waa not depth of water enough for the I shins and in 1 he nex t plaoe tbe batteries were of *u -h strength that it was impossible to attempt to attack the place without tbe certainty almost of ^ Heet. 1 thins, therefore, that I mmI the in the course 1 pursued. Tbe French Admiral out rel j I concur red m my opinion, and wo therefore returned to our former anchorage, and thence went to Bo mar sued. I had written before to tbe Engliab gowmmsnt, proposing to attack Bomsrsund. I wanted no 0,^r t??0P? to enable me to go there-I had troops enourb; hut the Fret h Admiral thought It more prcpar to navo soma. I The French government rant out lu,W<>" troops tail, I repeat that I did not want th m -they would much better have been employed at -eaestopol l on^y asked lor oce or two thousand men to make the thing I mora sure; but 1 conld have dona the work w thout t>i?m and ^ write home to that effect. However, they I I'misont 10 000 men. It Is a^-for me tc , say bow quickly the thine waa aasompttshed (A laugh) Bomsrsund ?as talen In no time, with little loss, and a great lortlfication waa ieatroyed-or rather a wrles iof fortification. which extended a com over the Baltic. 1 now come to a matter or greater consequence, and I think it my duty to make Uknown as much as I can do here, becauce I am not In Pariia ment. I have been very much cen-ured by the govern ment. Great clamor has been rused aga nst me *nd inftead or tbe government dl "countenancing tliat clam-.r, they have actually supported and encoarafM It. Tbe moment it was known ia England and Franco I that the French army intend* d to return homo, swing that It was perfectly impossible at that ?jajon of the year to perform any further service without risking her Msjesty's fleet, tbe government became d<*aatl*fted, and they ordered a council of wsr to be held. 1 dare *ny no body ever heard of a council or war fight ng. However, we did not want that to drl v? u* on. The whole subject waa carefully and thoroughly *** mined by a Marshal of France, a French adml ial, a General of French eng neer., and al?o t>7 no less than three Brlti?B admiral*; and all una n'monsly decided that It we* perTectly imposs'bl* to?roeeed further, and had wc defeat ami encountered tbe risk of almo*t e*1^" ' lot* The British Admiralty waa not satisfied with that, but they listened to the advi. e or an offleer of engineer*, ned I was ordered to hold another council or war, to as ceitsin whether French admiral* and ' would abandon their own opinion, and adopt that- * ^the Admiralty. Tbe English officers felt Insulted at that pioposai. Had I been de,lrous to consult the opinion of E brigadier g.neral of F.ngll-h engineer*, and to give up my own op-nlon when tho other member* had expreaaed their opinion, they thought It wa. not ^ another council of war; and tbe trench properly refund to join ta sorh a proving. He ?aU, ?' 1 nave alresdy given my opinion, "^ it 's opinion of any general of engineers, whetner he be g \uh French (ierman, or any other country, that will I milk. m?t'?^.yJ?P'nion it a. ^ Purrtyjava in its cVi?rac1?^.,, 'llw govarnmont at home wa? noi natihftod with that TimFmnob general ofeng?n?or4 aant j i^ToX^ SaTn'^fn.^ o^^t/nlnT ho^o^fil^ hire ' been totally lost. Not satisfied, however, with ttlt went up determinel to have another *ur ?t'of that fortification, which I. ETT'.'Id lS.T?S' nnssible the expectat ons of the p-ople ol f n/ia ? ?he mc.meut It was first reported ?^aTNXUgoe*nd take ^Ironatadt sn^,Te'te~ k In fai t " wa* asked, "WUy don't you go and been so mesn and despicable a* to join In it'nlnlt, ? cl?r u4 JtUW tcoount, D* J ? iliatelv dUrhsrie m? and tern m- out or tbe serv *>. 1 say that the Admiralty perverted '"^t^roJlmJ tbH, sod the 'h7wX?B"ht X'u, "5 *! ' ^0:,rTC which the Bru Intel kisU-a tb'e csptore u( : SSiSar- A -Srf ?S? tomstver.dd^?edto.nofflc..,wan ^ ^ ^ ,h, paiticiiliiiy *n tba kop that nr#?Taot*d irom SUM* I^e. and If Sir James lirabam haa eajwaf" P?r , , i To klm be w.U never again take W? ? o h? ! r*'V.'^ntb.! .^Thive ^Trl*^ ^ ^ -? : hsnd, 1 will that l h ^ scratche<l of! I p|o,rd again and I wght Jn^ract^ ,n wh,t | the Navy 1 'VVvLlTT I am ukfng the first opportunity I blm n dlinklnf hie heaitb. m Ui* next toaat, "Th* Amy," 14 *>*? ????? of the Earl or Cardigan and Captnla Kun, hli Lordship's aide-de-camp, and took PJ*** Wfji ealof u? upon tb* gallant d**da of the BoMe fcarl la tn? Criuai, and especially upon hit hwolc conduct in the disastrous cavalry charge at Ba toast, at the suggestion of AJderman ?^o~fl,m.)?Ht'mdlnf' W"U ??? th"? lh* W1 Cimhmi. then row to acknowledge the compliment that bad b?sn paid bin. Ha mid? Mr Ix>rd ? el?ttt?2^.ki5'mad ??"??'?: I fiil oo. !v? i / ,n rtetof to return joa mj tinoere thank* for th* big* honor tbat you bav* done me, be ?*?h WWl/T???"1 ?2 , '?"'i"*1 "hlch now J ?? ' ?f?n ""J mind. I am here reminded of what ha. recently occurred in th* Ea*t, and I feel ?rta?n iJ iB "hieh I waa at actor la that part of th* world la th* caua* of th* hanilinmii and tut. Iwlai,e^,?e Thiuh 1 tar* m#t ?"b thu dar aSt coupled with tbat, there an other feeUnge whfch prew ?H7i *? "^collection of thT2S and direatroua loaa that occurred on that ratal dar .75 tbe number of brat, officers and i JCV? were then unfortunately .a ended. (Bear W ) l bavefurtber to rem*ml>*r that it (a veiy dllAeuUto *ay anything connected with th* war which U now watfniTii th* Crimea without touching inadvertently unon Mm* o'lhoM subject! which now *o much angross the public attention, and which are alio under the fuU considera tion of both house* of Parliament; and 1 think, therefor* thatyou mu.t clearly *. that it would by'no mea? be fitting or proner for me, in th* actuation which I hold i~f ?i?? * tP?*it,0D ^o army? to enter into that queatlon on thia occaaion. My Lord Mayor my services in th* Grim- a having been alluded to bv you, per ha pa 1 may be allowed to inform you how I hare be?n employed since I wax sent out to the East. (Hear . waa my good fortune, when In Turkey, in th* first instano*, to be sent forward by the commander of tbe forcea towards the enemy'a outpoitn with the light cavalry. It was not .well known where the Russians were at the time th* siege of dilistra waa procsedlng. I wae, therefore, ordered to ascertain the poaltlon of tbeir army and ita outposta. I had to jatrole the whele of the country by means of detachments of the troupe under my command. Shortly after this, very early In the morn ing one day. 1 received from head quarters a peremptory order, which waa by no meu. unsatisfactory to me, that I should Immediately proceed with a strong body of cavalry to discover what had become of the Ruaaiaia "?VJJ* tbe ?'?*? of Silistria had then been raiaad, and tbe British Commander-in-Chief wan totally ignorant whether tbe Russians were about to prated Toward* Varna to attack our position, or intended to retr*at to wards tbeir own country. You can easily imagine that this was rather an anxious undertaking, and one that required tbe exercise of considerable caution on my part We might have come at any moment upon the Russian ""J? upon th* Russian octnosta. Wo travelled over the country, which I may call a perfectly wild desert. ii ?' nxilos. My orders war* to proceed 180 miles, as far as Trajan's Wall, on the oonbnes of tbe Po^rudscba. We did so, snd marched 120 miles without ever soeing a ho man being. There was not a single bouse In a state of repair or that was inhabited along all this route, nor was 1 there an animal to b* seen, except those that exist In the wildest regions. Having a>o?rtalned that tho Rus sian army bad returned by llabadagh and given infor mation to tbe commander-in-chief upon that subject, I teen proceeded on a very Interesting march, patrolllog along the banks of the Danube to Rustchuk and Sili? , V~? ?*l.returc*d thonoe by that great fortress Sohumla, ! which has been often attacked, bat never taken ?-it , b<UBg, in fact, as I belie re, perfectly impregnable. (Hear, bear ) After oor return from those quart- rs to Varna, then came tbe order to proceed to th* Crimea; and her* I must esy that tbat exp*d<tlon was a noble undertaking, and had in view an oiject worthy of th* ambition of two great nation*. (Cheers ) On our first landing in the Crimea 1 was employed within two hours afterwards with a strong body of oavalry, artillary aud Infantry, in endeavoring to cut off seme Russian caval ry, which wer* supposed to be marching towards Sim feropol. I am sorry to say that I did not su*c*ed in tbls task, for I never could find the Russians. (Lanshter ) u dfyf ?'**fwar<Js came that glorious affa-r, the battle of tbe Alma; and here I oust say that, acoording to my humble judgment nothing could be so perfect a" the preparations which wer* mad* ?j a great army for that attack. The column* of our im'au'ry, which had marched in perfect order tor the attack, instantly de ployed into thrte lines, and advanced straight down the bill, crossing i nd fording th* river, then aso -nded . 5H1. *1 ?Ue oppoelte bank, and m irshing straight Into forts and batteries which appeared to be Iniprcgiwble, they drove out at the point of toe bayonet a Rusuan army of 45.000 men, in the short spao* of two b"?T*??d * b?W. (Cheers.) The arm of the foroe in which 1 served bad not the honor of be-ng engaged in anything important on tbat occasion. We sat upon our horses, under a heavy fire, for a long peiiod, and In that position we witn?esod the gloriom exploits of our brother soldiers. Shortly after thu was fought th* Battl* of Balaklava, and unfortunately our allies, the Turks, absndoned their position m a very short time wit) out maintaining any conUst with tbe enemy. It was lata in tbe afternoon wuen I received an order to attack the Kussisn forces posted in the valley, which consisted of a long line of guns drawn up in tbe form of batterir* I received tbat order, my Lord Mayor, and I ?1 eyed it. (Loud ch.ers.) 1 delivered that order my self to the brigade under my command. I ordered them to march. I ordered them to advaoo*. I ordered them to attack tbe Russians in th* vslley: but, ui y Lord I must say this, tbat on that oocasion, it itelng my duty *'T? tj e erdrr to my men, I did it, though I deeply itgrettcd it at the time and 1 am sure I should have much more deeply regretted it afterwards if anything had prevtnfei my performing th? re-.t of my duty, which was to share the dangers that tbns* brave men so boldly fa*ed. (Cheers ) My Lord, whatever danger those men Instri.d, I sin red it with ih*m. (Cheer*} We sdranced down a gradual descent of more tban thrie quarters of a mils, with th? bat teries yomi'ing forth upon us shells and shot,* round and grape, with one battery on our right and an o*ner on the left, an?l all the iutermediate ground covered with the Russian riflemen : ?o tint when we ram* to wltbin a distance or fifty yard* trom th* mouths of th* artillery wh ch had been hurliug destruction upon us. wh were, in fact, suirounded and encircled by a blare of 6re In addition to the fir* of the riflemen upon our flanks. As we aseend?<i th* hill t*e obliim* fire of th* artlitonr poured upon ?>ur rear? so that w* had thus a strong fire np<-n our front, our flank, and our r*ar. W* entered the battery? we went through tho battery? the two leading regiment* cutting down a great number of *he Russian gunner* in their on sent. (Ch*ers. ) In th* two regiments which I bad th* bosor to l*ad, every offlwr, with one exception, was either killed or wounded, or had ht* horse shot ued*r him, or injured. Thos* regiment- piooeeded. followed by the seoondline, consist ing of two more regiments of cavalry, which continued lo perform the duty of cutting down the Russian gun ners. Then came the third line, formed of another regi ment, which endeavored to complete the duty assigned to our brigad*. 1 believe this waa achieved with great suc cess, ?nd lbs result was that this body, composed of only about 670 men, succeeded in passing through the mass of Russisn cavalry of (as we have sine* learned) 6,200 strong ; and baying broken through that mass, tb*y went, according to our technical military expression threes about, " and retired In the same manner, doing as much exocuMon in their course as they possibly could ofon the entmy's cavalry. Upon our returning up th* hill, which we bad descended in th* attack, w* had to run the same gauntle* and to incur the same risk from the flank fire of the Tiiallturs, as we had encountered before. Numbers of our men were shot down ? men and horses were killed, and many of the soldiers who had l?fct tbeir homes wer? shot down while endeavoring to escape. But what, my lord, was the feeling, and what the bearing of thos* brave men who returned to tbe position 1 (Her* tbe noble snd gsllant officer's voice fslter< d, and he spoke with very evident emo'ion.) Of each of these rexim'nts (he continusd) there returned but a small detachment, two thirds of tne men engaged having been destroyed ; and tbos* who survived, having arilrcd at tbe summit of tbe hill, whence they bad com- I mencsd the attack but a short time before, could not ro frsin from giving thre* ringing chwers of triumph and rsjoicing at the exploit which thry themselves hal I er formed ? (cbes rs)? f?,r they had ridden over a for midable Russian battery, aud attacked a countless booy of Russian cavalry In tbe rear. My lord, I under stand it bas been stated that the British cavalry are of a very inferior description, and require a thorough rt form ? that they are badly officered, being commanded by gentlemen of too high a rank in th* country, and tbat tbey ought to be better officered. I can ouly say, that 1 do not think jou will find any body of officers more cart ful uf tbeir men than those officers who now ei 1st, snd perform their duties be'tdr in th* cavalry regiments, or that jou will find any r?g ments in tne wot Id where there is su<*h a mutual attachment be twsen officers and men, as is the case in the British cavalry. (Hear, hear.) Tb* officers sre at a U times perfectly ie?d? to assist and to attend to the com'orta of tlrlrmen. The men, likewise, are so attached to tbeir <ffleer? that, wber*vcr those officers lead them in th* csure of honor and glory, there those men are always sure to follow them (Cheers ) In conclusion, my loid, I will onlr say that, la the minds of tbo<e who escap?-d be dangers *f that terrlhle attack to *Moh I have referred, there exist reflections cf which they can not diveit tbemselres 1 thins that every man who wss eaiaged in that dieas'.rous atfair at Ba'aklara, and who wss fort o nft te enough to come out of it si ve, must fe?l that it ?as only ky a merci'ul d*cr?e of Almighty l"rovidence tbat he escaped frutn tbe grea'est appareat certainty of death which could possibly l>* conceive I. (lono elwers.) The aohla eml (who was ai-o v*ry Indistinctly hear !) sat down by repenting his a know )? I'gir.ents for the honor tlat had w?n done him. tbe ? Heilth of the I.ord Mayor and the Lady Mayor ess" an l the other customary civic toaats, then foUiwed, afttf which the company separated. THE POSITION OF PRUSSIA. IMPORTANT CIHCrLAK OP TBI KRKNCH OOVCKNXIT to hpk H?rMWKJfr*rrra? at tub dippkhknt COUBM 01 UBHMA.NT. IK KKPLT TO PHl'MIA. Paun .Ian. 71, 1S6A. Hm ? The Cabinet or BerHo ban adopted tbe resolution of not u>*tr D| duectly tbe last wsiaaoicttioa* or tin (alinetof Vienna: it preftra to addreee ttaeif to tba tn?mbera of tbc > ?uV<l?rinon. aod it la-?t Fraakfort tie two great Gcinto I o??r? bar* agree. 1 to me?t. lb? criaia whfeb baa been io preparation for ? long time niloiin at lut, and tbr government of the F.mperor follow* tba de*? Inpemeat of it with tba m<>?t ? nrete re fret. Cur own auroeptibility gltea aa the armun of that of othera. We bare therefore bj wiah to mix la af fa're wl.ieb, on account of tbeir eoaipUoation. eaunot i? nart I j known, or kmipd la a manner to be tiaeful, excepting by the Btatea which they concern Hut, in abort, we are the nelgbbora of Gerasaoy- whatever In tereaU that great country nwiwti ua, ana at the eery moment wh< n aymptoaae of divialoa manifeat tbemaelraa la it we ran ?iee ouraelrea frankly tba aaturaace that aa ban' not in any way contributed to the diff cultiea of a ait tuition which we Apiort. A a aeon aa Rueala aho ared tta aaahitloua prnjeeta our policy wee clearly defined. To protect Turkar in bar ra ? ?fibre to an attack which waa not aaly unlawful, hut which r^mpromlaed the geaeralequUbriuai, to en<lea*or to compel, by aa iaapoaiag aceordaaee of the general will, the r*blaet of 8t. Petersburg to teMaaM an eater priae which tba public eoaacteaee reproeed ereutuailr to unite la n aa " faaclae" the forsaa of Europe. which one and the aame danger threatened? ?uch waa tba plan af coadact which wa ptupoaed tAawltw to follow, aad which the goTtrameat o* bar PriUaak Majaety adapted with u. Notwithstanding changes in tha situation tbe progress ef mnti, ?? hoped during thn coot? or the pant ;<u tbat the object of our effort* would be M talntd, CMfuratM were opened it Vienna, ?n4?w? the choice of that capital, aa well ?) oar negotiation# with Austria and Prussia, aufflcintly indicate tfc*t Franco and England, far from thinking of dlspsosinf with Gar many, wlahod, on tho contrary, to cone to an understanding with ber? to make bar to aoartain extent the judge i> the diaeaaaion? and, at aU events, n?t t? settle the question without ber knowledge or to her detriment. We 1. no precedent. I belfave, of two ,uc? considerable bslllgerentPowers having caBed anon to tire a xolemn opinion on their qnuee, and that whan their armies were already charged to sustain "other IWs, alao of the first order, but waaalrtMjfiwe In tbdL??oluUons, and completely united up to fl-g mo "St wiwMhit ?5f te If Trance and England havo I wi hnmut to the spirit of eouoilintloa whloh a, SS'SMT Sum* E erer, ia aufflcient to read them fl*1? *** <h>* toooli contained alao the ^.U^thra. StiBjMM^bkt f'ipr'Mio" -ult tta dtp!.? ^7 * lb* Cabinet i of BerUn and Vienna in? and the moment toon arrive! wuen iv Decacne no ccaaary either to withdraw altogether ^ St that period that a divergence manifested ltoelf be tween the two great tourts of Germany. f Prussia has ceased to bo n presented at ences and If, aa aba prwtends, her rsfusal toaesist at them'haa not been formally declared, It U, et'Uerento. certain ? acd the abaence of her signature to the no tan of Augnat provea the fact? that ahe no longer oonsid?re4 it her duty to put her aet? and her wort* In complete harmony with the acta and words of Austria. That situation became more and more aggravated, ana tie treaty of the 2d of liecember was concluded. Tho adhesion of the C abinet of Berlin to that conreation baa been speciaUv reserved. and the government of the pn peror hae neglected nothing to obtain It. It has lent Jtaelf, aa have alao Its allies, to all the ninaiemm* of form which ceuld determine toe aeceaaion of theOourt of rrufsia. Hitherto these efTorte hava been without my result, aud the present attitude of that court ap pears to establish that this reserve does not depend on a question of diplomats etiquette, but on an order of tleaa whlrh neither Kngland. nor France. nor Austria, ^uMto It 1* in this point of view th.ttteaflsir is srave for the Germanic confederation, and It la prtocl ?fcy under that aspect that I wiah to examine it with ^Notwithstanding the most slocere and mortpersever lm desire of tbe Western Powers, a moral schism has ta^en place between Auatria and Prussia, and the union of Gtrmany. which that ot the two Oottfts would hare Insured, is, by thisfsct, compromised. The acoord out only be re-extaillahed and const lidated bytbe firmness and intelligence of the other members of the Confedera tion. The IHet has to make Its cboloo between the two appreciations. Austria, who only asks for a definitive co operation, believes that the hsur has arrived tor pre parlng to accord it. She alleges the general state of thing*, the concentration of Ranaian troopion her fron tier, the obligations which devolve from her oceapaUon of Wallachla, and which a movement like that Which took p ace lately in the I'obrudacha might render on th<? Instant executory- Finally, she sets forth that tha ac ceptance by Busiia of a oasis of negotiations is not yet equivalent to a certainty of peace. Prussia, on the contrary. declares that she is full of conQdeace In the sentiments which animate the cabinet of St. Petersburg, anil that It is, In consequence, useless to provide against Imaginary attacks, flod forbid, sir, that I should Impugn the intentions of any ona, hat I may be allowed tossy that between moral assuraaoew and material facta, between conjectures and certitudes, if there exiflta a contradiction, the mostniinpla and moat prudent course ia to adopt tbat opinion whloh every on* sen iudae of in the same manner. Is it not true that a considerable Russian army ls re?dr to enter on a campaign in TransylvanlaV 1." it. tbat a mere incident threatens to plaee the, and Russians at variance m tbe banks of .the Pruthi or of the Lower Danube r Is It not true that the Inter course between the cabinetH of \ienna and St. Peters burg is of tbe moat uelicate nature t Can it to i said, in fact, tliat the oplni. n of the prompt re-establlshssent of peace is penerally believed in)1 1* it even certain that ?be acceptance mentioned by PrineeGortsehnko(f Is such as wus at first supposed 1 To ask these questions Is, In fact, to answer tbem ; and, at tbe same tlraa, to jo"'*/ all t\i? applications which Austria Is sending In to her C?1 hav'^jnly, sir, further to not? two subjects of som plaint of tbe of Berlin? that It has not been kept informed of tbe course of ?he negotiations, and tbat there appears an Intention to exclude it for the fu ture frcm the Kuropean concert ...... . k On the first point I will merely ?-ay. that If Important acts bave been concluded without the participation oC Propria the reasvn is that abe baa faced herself out oC the pale of tlum, for tho other Powers deiired nothing better then to come to an understanding with her. The msiorlty is the law, aa confidence Is the soul, of all as so nations. PrucsU has not been wliUng to maintain herself in tbat forward poeition among the powers, and to advance ou the ground on which I ranee, England and Amtria placed themselves with more determlnatlois than the. It was h ?r right to do so If she pleased, oer tainly ; but from the moment that she acted so she separated beraelf from the others, and their right wan ben mist assuredly uot any longer to combine with her as to tbtlr plaus of conduct, and not to inform her of 1 heir ulterior ilew?, Tbe?e priBCB|ilea art of the more ^7^3 Kuropean concert, it has habitually, during the last for y years, been- formed by live principal par <iep. Hnwever, four of these lowers, in one of the prs ceding phases or the Eastern question, agreed together without including Kranoe. The c9?Tt"? TttZftr tabliebeil until after the incident which led to the of -July 13. An analogous fact could, consequently, without anomaly take p'ace un<'?r present circumstanees. Tn Inte-vtne in a disputed matter a title Is rennlreJ, and thsonly one that iTussla can point to is bw quail ty of a areat Power. It is not we, sir, who will ever con test the rsnk of the Oaiinet of Berlin; but there are not in Ibis world rights independent of correlative duties, and usually the condition* ol peace cannot he trentoa for by any one who haa not been engagtd in the wa*, and who does not, at least, accept the eventual ehanen of taking part in it in some active way. is that the position of Prussia t Has she made n cbofce between the belligerent parties I into ss with Kuisia or with nsf Lntil she has decidcd for onu side or the other she leaves everv kind of of snpi>oeltion, and locks against herself by her own conduct the door of the conferences. CouUl It be t he* rest y of July 13, 1841, that ought to epen It tO0, two things one Is certain? either that treaty, hy reason of its presmble, has a politicel stgnifteanojof a very serious character, or It conSnns, to the artlclea of detail which regulate H, only a trafojou ef the Ott*; man government. In a word, either Europe Intendna t? give a real guarantee to Turkey, or she arranged f France an hororable means of re entering the European C#A^*resar?'s ns, I declsre It at once, It U w th the ld^ of these interpretations tbat we have united, u4 l it to em>?clallv m one of thow who nig ned the twaty of to# lah of /uly, 1M1, that we have btcome tbe Sultan. 11 Prussia acknowledges tost ?ot, which sbe terse If has signed, to have tbe weight which weat UlbuteTo it, we^are entitled to say thS ate ha, djoU. ed the obligations Imposed unon her b, " and thaMt ahe perflate in her regretable abstinent, ahe loejn that rfsbt in natUcipat ng In the revision of a treaty which it pie isrs ber either not to execute or to Insiunift int proportions. It would remain ouly to flnd tb? means at tbe end of tbe negotiations, for us to com* to an unierstand ng with Uie Cabinet of BerUn on theorly pert of the convention of tte 13th ^of July which wou'dbeof etnsequeoce 1a Its eves? that Is to aav on the passage of fbips of w?r by the Bosphorue and' Dardanelles, or on tbe closing of those the r<"< rum. nt o' the K.mperor. for lu part^lU join .... wiUii sly to any combieation which might be cal InS *d o?rthe one hand, to give to Prussia *uarante?? equivalent to those which she obtained in 1M1, and, on tbe. ther hand, to make b?r take the pUce ' ?tok* Eave noi ceated to ?*g of her to occupy, with the risk a ^VoSKr but ^o an inju.y to IU own Istolrt. by tbeporittoo -L.-i, u i.m taken and which it ia at all timen in wa p^wer to mo<^fy * therefore do. not think that th. !e< on. ary k<tat?' of Germai.j, as they eeem to be Invitjl to do. wi?l mpuf to ua to have wished IndlroeUy to g wtinish th?t ?? porta nee of their con fede ration, by enden Torns d.u *rW) to . xclud. them from the futurw trans acttoBs of Europe with the two great Powers ef C7sniboVl?e jon. sir, to read thlf despatch to ? "d to maLe use cf It in your communications with your colle.gno. Receive, sir, *c., J)R()UTN DE L,HUVg. OVER PASHA IN THE CRURA. The following particular* rcUtve to thia .lintingulebej general an! itetlMU, extracted from a letter from M? c fieri of Rcr Majesty '* ate.<iuer lnflenble, a native of Cork, ? ll to r?ad with internet:? l.tviJEXiTL*, Vim, Jan. 8, 1865. I foM j eu in bit laat that we were going from bar* to the l naea iritb Our Paebaaal anlte. Weil, va havn letu th- re, and. aa yea mo, back agam. We left thia with hia Migliiu aa en New Yeai'a I 'ay, arrived on tba morula* af tbe 84 at fcupaturta, where ha wanton abora 1.(1 eiamiitil the drlenceo of tba place coming on b>ar<' agalu iti tlie aiternoon, and wa laft Ka pa tori* ?rl? on the 41b, and got into l!a lak la va in the evening. Next da} <m*r and nUff dieeabarked, and want to tha hi a J quarter* of the ailed geaerale, where a eeuaeil af war wee held. from which he returned in the amnio#. Neat day, the 6 lb. at boon, wa left Halakiava, eat, after * flue run amve.1 here at eight lait night, whan bia Ihgbneea. taking an aflertio-nW leave of aa, hade aa farewell, baviag distributed fifty aoTcreigna among our : ervtLtx and ililp i company. Omer la what may be culled a landaome man, and w?at? hia age ranurkably wall, bein? cloee on Aft/. He in ? very pleaeiag eipreation of coantananee, ind an inmmw flow of ?plriU. Be waa qaito da lighted with the attention ahdwa to htm aixl hie follower* by our maaa. lie occupied, af caaraa, the eaptain'a pom, n of ?ha> abip bat every day regularly, twice or thtaa timea, he would walk into one gua-rw ?. take h ? gi*w> of or, more ai nwiiiy, trog, and ait aad chat lor an boar or aa. Hia great amusement waa In caricaturing hia folio war I far being eea-tiek ; in operial, he w?e rery hard on Prince Moar ra. of Moldavia, one of hia aidet-d* ram*. ft appeared thia Pvinea had iuet married a very beautiful woman, ami waa v?ry j. aioua of her, ??> much ao, that whan bm waa having to accompany 0-B?r, ha eent bar off with ? few eenarle, to aomt ol aetata of liia In the iatorior, with atrict ardern that ?he waa to aee no one. Omar knew all thia, and uMd to get thia fellow into ? dreadful rage by talking about her and telling what happened in time of war, when beautiful Indie* ware deearted by their ? poneee. In fact, be waa the life of the whole lot. (had to raplakn to him all about the machinery. Yester day he came la, and wrote tia name la Turklah aad fa f.erw.** an each of onr card*. The Turklah ayphor ia moat remarkable and he n"v?r a'gna bia aama in it ac cept on great occaeiona." A farther la'ter from the aama writer, dated Jaaaarr 16tt, atotee that the inflexible haa been placed fer th.

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