Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 2, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 2, 1855 Page 2
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Haesic, is the ??pier tf Mr. Salt, wk? had s antnit U j lalld a knw. Ilia o*>ja?t waa to enmmeace and tear a everything, frena ariak laying to aume catling , anl aa Ihw that with Mr. Ualt ha ?uM ha?a every abaaM. H?> war tad far him all th*; saasea, laying brick, eattiag atgaa, aad laaraiag tha nuna'i trade. W uaa t)ia fall aarae. Mr. Gait aaald aut pa/ hit workon Gaerge teat all ha had earned, and waa obliged to laara owiag hta beard bill. He told Mr Naal, la whom ha awed this Wild hill, how be waa situated, but tbat at aooa a* he waa able ha would send hiat what he owed. Noel ra<d ttiara waa time eaough, aad George then feoted it baik to Troj? twenty twa miles ? aad hired aatta la/ brick ??til tba weather became cald, unci ha received hta fa/, aad at anee started for llooaie Feur Ceraeri, where ka paid Mr. Noel tha baard bill. )>oel ?n sarprised, ami told George ha nev/r expsctel to gat it as naue ef Gait's werk nana got paid, flita (J?or*? got out of debt ke faaad hr had gained kin first lesion >? trusting. To j?/ tbi( meney, theugh It left i.'eorgs I -aw nothing, ha walkad tweaty-tvo miles uiJ back? making fort/ loar wiles ia oae * a?. He spent that wiatar ia Trey; aold an old silver watch wkith he bad purchased in taeauiumec, and with the pra xes boeght a few icbool boots, and itadied H'.na without a teacber. Theee books were few in numVr, hut very important at that peried of Geor^'o'e life. Tbey consisted of ltaboll's Arithmetic, Hume's Geogra phy aad Atlas, ft'ait>ei"s Dict.ontry, aud a work entitled toekkeep eg b/ Single Kntry Tawte books ware learnei " by b?art, " Hid s<r*Dge ?i it tn'iy utin, jet ia alter /ear*. when the operations of (i?orn? covered mil toaa, he naver varied from th? ruies of bia silent in structor. His tools wcr* always kept by single entry, aad open a certain occasion, whin the head of a nora paay with millions of capital, of wmch Geufgs waa chief owner, waa explaining the advantages of thi-i sys tem af 41 Conble entry ??Pah," said i.e?rg-?? " Hal I eeled with such a system I should have spent a fortune a clerk hire, and been penniless myeelf.'' He devoted his whale mind to his tracks all thia winter That spring (1826), he went to werk a^ain lay ing briek, aad earned 14s. s day. That May he paid hia parents a visit at Ja^kaoa, aail sosn after went to Kingston, I'lster ocunty, New Yor?, to work oa the Delaware and Hudaan aasa! Mr M-irdock, who had been aup?rinrent!f nt tor Mr. G*lt the year p;evioee wrate t* him at Troy to cm to Ulster, "Here he would ftnrtwoiL; at I'lster George went into tbe employ of OlUgrr & Hasbrouck, and i.ommeac*) building a lock far He was 'gsoract. but Mr. Uurdock, who was in periatenctnt o' the work, allowed htm How to do it, aad hia wages were t- -5 p?r day. He mmpl-ua t'us loik In Jane, 1826, and then went to the H'tf& Kails to fiaiah some locks. He'e be superintended lue huiMiag of a lock fer Mr. McGimns, aud received twenty sUillinga per day. This he completed in Aug ill of the s inse year. He then cngax?U to build teo Ijcka under Uur dock. which occupied him three m. nthi, tor two bra trers named Du'oih. In November he made hi* secoa<l visit tome to WaaHngton county. Ha bad saved ?re hundred and fifty dclltrr. G forge had now accumulated a lot of rmall boots which be could easily carry, an4 to which he deveteil ?v?ry leieure moment; ?n t u addition to thoxe he had procured at Troy, anil which to him were *' staudard" woiVs.the had Miakesptre in several pocket volumes, Goldemiih'a works, lettemana lite, Pope'* Homer, uaa ?ight volume* of Byron's work*. l'h's year he was twenty years old; and thsn he started" for Penaijlvnala wi'.h hia pocset library That State was juat commencing its great wort Geoige etuld now cut stone, lay buck, or do any work of tba: HSTt as well as any '>ne, and understooi building locks, bridges, &e. He saw contrac: >rs get work, aa'\ then get men to carry it out; and be sai l to himself, " If F?eh men can ?ak? money, way can't i, who a'.uaa la tbe werk myself* Tli??e c?en do not oversee their work.'" Witli such views he left home for the city or New Ycrk, hi* de-unat on being the new public works in Pennsylvania. He came down the North river in the old Chief Justice Marshall, ai>d landnd at tbe foot of liberty stieet, not knowing; a soul in the city. He rsmaiaed ia New York three days, during which time he (trolled about the city, looking at what was ta be seen He also vis) ltd Urooklyn. From We* York he wsnt to New Brunswick, and acro? to the Delaware river by stsge l? Philadelphia. The trip took oaa d?y, and its rapidity was a subject of conversation imm; the pas^tingftr*. He remains) in 1'hilsavlphia three days, then went to Reading, thence to Htrrisbur(j. and from there to York Mountuns, wh?re he comuienced get'.ing out itone, aad btoeklcg it ioto mtpe for loots, at po much a foot. Wbcn the weather got cold, he went to work building a heavy wall, nine miles abovo Harnsburdf. George then hired out to * maa to goto Port Pv posit to out stone to be M'nt to the liismal )S?ra*U|i canal in N ;th Csroltns. and Virginia, this was in tus mon'hof February, 1 SI". Hn went on loot from Har risburg lifty miios, to Port Deposit. He ooalil not af ford to go by ?tage. It would oave cost too inu th. 11* gtt tie 4tone ready and all ?h-pp-'d, but one load, to Nor folli. He then went np to Marietta on font, aorl ca 'ie ?Ju?n on an ar* for tli>> p'trp' -e of seeing tbe c?us'ju? baana r.vtr and how thnt bu?ln?-.? wis coniuvod. Tbe pilot's natne km Barney Brown, lie lauded fr.xn tbe ark on the west or York side of tha river, aud walked until twelve o'clock at night to Port 'De/o sit, and embarked iu a slo;>p carrying the load of steii* to Norfolk. This was George's first sea voy age. From Norfolk bs walked to the place of wore o<t tho bank ct ibe canal. The ?ater was red, being juni per wat?r. There was no setMem?nt <iave six or sev-a shanty grocerirs. Here lio bosrded *t a plane with six ?ther men; they had a r?*gro wcnisn fir a cook. His work van to finish up etoue lor the ctnsl lock. It ba aim' very enhea'tby, an 1 In June (1X27) ne returaail io Nor 'elk, and f rem thence In a calling packet to New Torfc Dnringtbe above trip he bad with hiui all the books which be Lad accumulated except '-Morse's Atlu*," which he coulil not conveniently carry. C? tr.? vv commenced work cu tLe li> rri-i canal, fat Hopkins & Fairoanks, at Mountvllle, and wotted uu 18 NoTenil>?r, *hen cold ? either commenced. During ?hia time, beuring that his brother .-xmasi had been ? iKt'u witn paralysis, he made a visit lioiue. lu >ove>ji her lie heard that rlie health o? bin ronher was failing; lie w?nt home and remain?d until she died. Bo w*j tb?a -1 yearn old. In tbe i-pting of 1S28 George went bact to Moant ?ville, in Jenej, where ihere wa? a? it |ueduet to ">uild, ??d aUo an inclined plane. Here he wonted until June. He net with trouble in setting h,s payments Iroru the company, find lelt, renal. ing New Yor? city about July. Here he had a pmposi'ioa male to liltn to t?*e work on the Hirleai Canal, which wan to coaoeot tbe Hudson anil Ei?t river*. He regarded tie wbole concern a* nousendcal, snd would cot continue to wotli up >? it, and concluded to go back to r*tmsylvani* to the lower division of the Lehigh Canal, th ee miles from Easton. ha now became superintendent for Mr Cady. a man latant sbtty yearn old, a g ic.c mechanic, who daa worked on the Eiie ihmI. This Mr. Oady iho? to take the world easy. He would get under a saed oat of the sun, an.1 watch tbe operat on* of bis superintendent and the tu* a On one occasion lie called to George to como to bin. "George," said be, ,-yoa are ? great fool to work for me as you do " " How no r" inquired George. " Why, 1 used to work and ?u peri n ten i m???lf. uatll 1 aiade a r.aroe. Now I am l.ving on that ani my reputa tion. whi'e yon in rsalltj do all the work. You ><bould make contracts yourself, and work nnter uoboly. Von axe mere capable of doing it than I am." George remained with Ur. Cady antil tbe fall ef 1828, making rami, locks, ?S:c , ;.nj superintending tb? ?an fun i y work. During tbis period h* bad insr?a*ed h!? library to fifty Toluroei, and hrJ purobased sevsral ivorksou draw which be carefully ?tudied ut every leisure mjaiiat. While working for Cady. be waa t&k-n aiok witi f?vir and agna, and wen: home toJacksoa, N. Y. He waa slok *11 ttat wint-r. and boarled at a tavern. He never re majnsd at ihebomeMnad when ha visited lia n a tire plao*. He had too much pride to allow any of the ne<gbl>ors t? way that be >>yM<nged on hi* parent* When apriag came fee waa out of mosey, and owed a tavern hill for t>oard. This waa In 182V. He then procarad a horse oa arcdit, and rode to Troy, tiienoo to Athena, in Orange oonnty, to New Jersey, sad feun-yli unla, an! went to work again fjr tlao sains company. ia tne employ ef Mr. Oady. He got through that job in June, and then went on the Delaware division, ten nule* (ton K-uton, and supsriateoded loeks and an acqueduct. Then be took work of a Mr. ?tie, and bnllta Iock and small aoquedaet. He flaiahel ibis < a the fall. Thia waa hla tirai suvemtrae t. It wu in 1820 and <l?orge whs tireniy-three years old. (??org* bad poor health tfcla aummer. Hla old Mend the aane kept him eompany. He w<-nt to I'aston sad spent the winter of IKSUand '90. rbat fall the Morris eanal bad letting^, and Ueorge pnt la a hi 1 for the in eNned plana. He travelled over the ea*al from Easton V> Andover, and made his OHtiriates. Hia bid wu accepted wltb Otis k Carmkhnel, but in toe winter of IstiJ Aeorgo oold out his interest (or $2X) That waiter be aaade a cojtract with Otis, and in the spring of 1830 commenced at Malias ran, taking down aqueduct* and building locks. Tola occupied bun antil August, HJO. Opto thia peri>i<l George not onhf kspt tba a^ouaU juid auperictende<l, but worked regularly hlnseif. la tho fall of 1H50 be went home, anl th.i he ha 1 done ?very year; but tbia 'ime h? vaa worth piouey. He had ??cumulated a capitA*. of S2,si4, and on tbe atrenfth of ft ho via^ted Marquand, tbe gra*'. jewellot* in Broadway a * that time, and invested $1100 in a good solid gold watch, which George wears to thia day. After his ?wet homo ho rataraed to Kaston, where lie waa seize 1 with th? p!euriay, aad came rety n<*r dying. Here i?e waa attended by I"-. -'?ift Ia the spring of 1811 George a;tenc.>l tbs lettln ;s of tbe Jaaiat? diviatoa, at Williamsburg, of the I'ortage railroad over the Alle ghany Mountains, also on tie Columbia railroad, woet and north branch, Williams , urg, and the I'aaaaylvamn anal. To aontplete all tl<N?? lertinga o~cupiel him until July ef this year, when he returnel to Kas'oa. H* then want to work a* Wil'lamsburg, on the .Inmata divisioo, ?tKiat tweleo miles from Huntingdon. He was building dams, bridges, and locka, and bad a chill every dny. For i he drat time be became owner of a horae an 1 wagoa. which be bought at Kaaton. Tbia waa the flrit contract from " first hsnda " he had e?er had alona AU i>r ?too a w?re auhcoatracta, or with otlieri iBUweAe.1 This work lasted natil tbe fall of 1832, aoout eightsen aaontha. Ho tbaa got hia brother Sam to or?ne out and visit him for hia bealtk. In lle,:*i.i!>er, Ik32, he had groat difficulty on the Delaware d'vialoa? a breakout Of the river into the canal? to remedy which he bu It gatea. In February, 18:<3, (;oorge went to I'ltila del p liia and married a iady to whom he had becoms at taobed ia 1(K!0 The aummer of ll'i* was speMt in ^Ifllltng a contract made at Fastoa to bulll a "weigh leek," eanablo of weighing a boat of lOil | at, at the head of the Delaware division, and for tbi | igb boa to. Ia the fall he returoed home, aa usual, to ss? the feUu. Shortly after hia retura to t as too, his brother Sainu el died' previous to which, the father of George pad hia sick son a visit, and then ?aw Ura. Law for th? tlrst At the timo Geo rye married his library had wreiSed to one hundred choice volumes, and they were f*?id aad studied, for George bought no book to li? I 'le on * lie aknlf. A A ? t In Mie year 1834 Georgo 4coV % journey to Ilia Weit ?rn oountry. He started sr tti ?oaie ides of a tillojf at Chicago, but wh-n he rescbel t>at uew town he found too much fever anl a?ne It* iv? re?ton to suit We p^e rs, and returned home a id ?mployed this sasaaier deiag until ng l'p to this <Tl >d Gecrc? Uad la bore 4 Vi ebtaia aaon<-v enough l? lisre with mtHabor. He had achieved hia object, but i\aeer?aln?d, from t few sseathx idleness, that It wae a miaerable life to lead, so i It rttVBtd to burton, and oommesced builling a ? bridge ot*t the Lehigh. He had become aa expert drattsmaa aad drew ail of k a work tug plaas, aad andsr ?tc?d engineering in all Its r etails Be did ft large ft nonet of w?rk o? tbe upper divllio* of the Lehigh canal, batweea Maach Chunk Bad White Hires. He nti engaged ift coBatruetirg for tbe 1 thigh C inpuj, Fiem ike summer of 18aft to that at 183rt Gaorg* oar red ea public werke at Eanton During tha time he bftd rented a house ler himself at Kant on, and mured hue Ua.ilj into it. la August, 1887, Gecrre oame te the city of New Yerk. Hi* Wiothi-r Joseph resided here, and hail eerrea pcaded with hita in ieler*n*? te a contract for tueCretea water work*, George had wa'ched the pregr'aa of this pr??t w?rk for icTeriil jean and ta 1S87 be Did for tbree jobs, and get two of them, a here Tan j te *r . lit ha4 twe rectious in glespy Hollow, made tamoua b y the pea of WathlBgtoa living. When tins work wss allotted te b;m, he selected a lit* ler the necessary builnags, ?bq tben returned to Pbiladelpbia far "his family. He bad taken tbsm from Eaeton te Philadelphia, anil left them there w bile he same en to N'ew York I'urieg this tine bis eliildreD, Joiepliiaa aad Msr y Alice, bad the scarlet fever, of wliuh Mary Alice died. He re moved bis family ta larrjtown in Ifecember, 1837, aad th?B cociuenceu tee work on tiie Crotoa W hen he removed from Pennsylvania to NT?w York bis library had inciesned ta three hundred Tola mo J. and ais eisuie momeu's Lad a bountiful supply o? th ? most valuable reading mutter. la the fall of lSoO his brother Joseph, who hftd spent tbe previous winter in Cupa for the Denefit o' bis healto, died ef sonMimp'ion st the bouse of hia brother Ctorge About ibis tinse Ceorge male a bid fer the Higa Bridge, and wan successful, lie hurried home to attend L.s brother, who ?ied ten days alter, i'ne S4iue tail George was attacked with a disease of the throat. He bad been attesting te both of tbe great pnblic works, and mi constaatly exposed to the o'ght air. lie lost h s voice, eu>4 rot get sleep, and hu business occupation became bur tbeneorce; tbe doctors gave him no reiief, aa J he teld Lis wife that be wan sure of one thing that unless he gave up burineBS lor a limo bo must dio He decided to ro to Europe, an<l in August 7, 1S40, nailed for Unr pcol in the p<a *-t ship Independence. George li-.mled at Liverpool, and visited at once the maaufsctcriiig places Tlienoe to the Grand :.eaming toa r-piicgs, Kenilwoitb, fc'allord. and ot tier towae.anl then to l.onc'on. He crossed to l'arls; Louis Napoleon was then on trial. He was in Paris iu December, 1840. when the body of Kaj>oleou the Grand was brougnt there. He lemained in l'aru some days in order to witness the great cisplay. From Paris he went to Lyons liy diligence. Thorn were three French deputies in the vehiflle, bat as they spoke no Kng ish, and George did nut understand Fn nch, they could only minage to eat and drink to gether. From I.yons be went to Marseilles, from Marseilles to <ieLoa, Leghorn, Civita Veccbio and Home la the Holy City he remained six weeks, ami thence to Naples. 1 1 on Naplss be returned to Msrstilles, Paris, Havre, to jroulbamptcB acd to London, Ftom l.omlon he w?at to Antwerp and Brussels, and visited thd Held or Water loo, ami back again to lx>m'oc. In May, 1841, he left for home ia the Bteauiship Cale ioaia via Halt/ax and Boston It was at the time the President was suppcced to be lost, and bis friends advise 1 him not to go boms ia a steamer; but he was anxious to sou the worsting! at sea of a steamer. Ho had made up hit nnnd to build steam ers, and bel eved that Ui? bhorloniug ot time of passage proportionally lesEeaed tbe danger. During his absence abroad tor his health, he examined all the pi incipil works, tftpec.ully bridges and aqueducts, but he foun* that he coul t obtain no new idea to ?pply to the High Bridge which he was contracting. II - us certamod that we Americans wera ahead of anything abroad in tbe macbim rv way and in the adspial on ot izaplemeata t* acrompltsh ?ork. toou afrer his return fiom Europa he pai l a visit boiue. it was on the occasion of this vUit tbit a little incident occurred which must have grutitiel the ftelingH of George v< ry greiitiy. As has been faid before, John Law, the father, was an energetic, active farmer. His whole soul was engfiged in tbnt pursuit; he had pur ohused tract aftsr tract of aJjoiuing Undp. until he own ed 600 acres, liut to do tills, he ht?d go'/ in debt ny notes and mortgages When George *?nt i.oiu* on this visit, he said to his father, " Tell iuu the nmoaat of all that' you owe In any s nape or way." The fatber did so, aad before George returned back to tbe city, all his father's liabilities wore tb.' up and the old gentle nun had no more worry. He died as late as 1833, at tM age of 86. While in Etirore, <5?orge vimtod no place witioat buying all tlio Iiookm relating t;i the place or objects of I interest which he visited, acd brought tnem home with Inm for future rofertucts. In June, 1S41, Gouge removed his family frisa Tarrytown to Naw York city, and that summer ue doted up the work on the Croton, at Tarrytown. He took a boose in Hammond street, ? he-re he resided two years. He also reiro*en the Kouse wbioh he hail occupied at Tarrjtfwn to the end of the liirleio bridite, where it still stands, anJ in the summer ha resoled there until tbe Pn*l eumpletiou if tli9 11 gh Bridge. Ha touno a greut btneht from having iiia bouse where his work was to be done. In adiiltion to bis other books, Gior,?e had at va rious times accinoii'a'el a <:irge quantity of law hooks, especially those of New Jersey, renn*ylvan a and New York.? Sutes in which he was work? and ai?<!e himself familiar with their cornea s, especially >n euses bearing upon his own interest and contracts, aaa iu this way namci'. a lojral hoe.'Wkd/t of a inghir orler lhau is usually pos*esiic<l by those gentlemen who sport a t'u sigc, a-iu sometimes occupy seutd in Congress ?r higher p a:es I t>e IhM. pert of the year n<4l wm devoted mainly to tli c ciOh'ng up o( the ?ori at Ta.-ry iuw j. and uoutia I aiug uu vitu iti? U.gti Bridge. Ihe contiact was made by ii?trg? in par ut, not a? a whole? st forthecof f< r darn, cutting tup rock to such a depth; bo muclt for Mone ;? rche b . parapeta, walls, coping; iu (net, tucre wars ? bout loriy different its ma fne lnr,;e kuui which It it suppoceti tieorge liiu mxlt by erecttug tbli splendid bridge. which >?%* \,o r??al in the wand, nti by the ?es pro^i Ditntv which be White. He in'.roimed steuru ? tbe piimpmr w.s done by at'am, piles diove, stone raited, & c. Tbe olo mode would bare ruined him. <tr any o.her contractor: #nd when the midge was co uple led iu 1849 Ge rge bau gained i>oa;uch in pracli j&l experience that be could have jrcne to worL again and psrf >rmed the saiao worn at one liuarfr lens than it actunlly a ad cost him Ihcjesr 1S42 was a witness of more extended open tk.D? on the cart of George. Thin year he became ia teremed in tte Dry Dock Hunk: and it will not lie out of place h*re to give a narration of Gearge's connection with this institution. I'rivioua to embarking fur Europo be had purchase-! one hundred snd slxUen shares in thl? sank, ax a good investment. There whk a company ciiarterei* for the* purpose of con structing a Manov Kailw ?y in ls'25, with a capital of teveu hundred thousand dollar*, with uicUiog prlv b-ges. It was the firt't manuo railway ever oou- true tad in '.ae city. Tbe company purchased a larj.-e quantity of land in tbe vicinity ot tbe railway, aud in this purchase of land, and iu tne conairuct'.on of the railway, they ex pended a large amount of their capital? to nuu'i an ex tent that it could not pay dividend* on it* or.gmil capi tal, aid it was then-lore nvluce J to ?42d,i)0U, and the rbaret to $30. The Dry Iloc* charter w*s perpatutl. The eonoern wu a suocts-'al ono, and tb? ato.w, wtuch was $;'?) per share, got above par. In 18^5 and \8o4 tne Dry Loci tympany ?o*t a iar^e amount of money by bad riehta, and it 7a* ob.^ed to mortgage tbe real ??taW. It loaned mon?) trom tlia *m.?r.e.*o Life aud Trust Com pany of B<!!iu>ore All this way lootf before George had anything to do with the l'ry DooK Company In June, 1?4.', Ibis iouu became due. George was then one of the dlreciors, and began to losk oat for ways and ineaus u> nteet these loans. The bank had no ir on* j. The directors went to <<?? Ur. Duer and Morris Koblnson to try and mike arrangement* to meet tbe lnoebtneea of the bank with its real ?*tate. Mr. stebblna, the preai'-Wut of the bank, by erder of the directors, offered to pay, in real e?nte. at a valuation, tbe whole amount of indebtaJnaaa. The otler wna retueenl and traat?d with contempt Theaa foreign age.i ciea then em'eavorod to rnin the inititntion, by pU'^rdiDg wo Wees toroii'.din^ taaaata an-1 da') tors to the Dry l ock C'winpany to p?y in their iuiebtadaasa, stating* that the property bad chuoged h?uds? and in every way poaaibte endeavored to discredit the Dry Dock Company, iu that tne st>ck would go so low that ttie foreign agent* wocii to** it into their own hands, to the utv-r ruin of tbe legitimate trien^s of tbe bank 1 bey hope-1 te foroe a eale of the real e? t?fe, se that they eoald boy it at a rum km sacrttlcu to the bank snd ita stockhoMern. The Dry Doci; Coniji -n? ?,i;wied to tae Court of Cftaicery to rentrain by luj inntio-i th?> parti n from sncli procee.linge, aud in doing h* out t!i? whole transaction from the fomm?nr<ement, and in reply an In junction mm issued retitraining such proceedings. In Ui* answer of tte.e foreign agenta, (for iuait of tbe stock of tbe Halttmore 1'rust Oompany waa ownad in Kngland ) they brought the Dry f )< *ct Hank into court. A lnag litt gat-on followed. The Morrisons, of lx>ndon, applied aa a party holding ?17,000, unl they ware admitted by tbe court These |>fre?as then started ? scheme to pnrchaae a majority 01 the stock, and got new d rectors. George suspected" tiiie, and at once wen. to WJrK and bought a majority of the #420, UOO stock himmif. Tne election came on, and the old dtreitor* were elaa ted. 7h? parties then sent to Gerrge, and oflered to bny ell his stock at fiO per oent. Hu reply was, ' No; ouy alt th? stock ? give a notioe to ail the stoekboldars, and li'iy tkbtr htock, and I will sell him " Tney da clih?l, ami said tb*y could net afford It. (feorge clearly saw that a frail was In ten let oy their Offer ag to bay him out. and that they would have thsn *a;riflced tho Wilatioe of th.* ?,tjekbiilJers l'ua direotora thf a offered l<? pay 7.i pjr cent on the debt of $'244,000 Tins was more in vidua 1 jai> he bint bad received. | Ihts elVr w%? refused. The lianlt then tokl theaa 'bat they ahould only get what the law allowed ; snl so it wot into court. Die court unsn-nuusly lieciiied against them, And the bonds were or ?lcied to \>t canaellcd. The hank afterwards paid ?ha balance ot the bonis of t.ho?e who h?l not come int* tfie prosemition, with interest althongb not obliged bylaw ? raj a cent ^ucm that time (io.irge has rtmaine<l the lirg*>?t st><\hoUler in theory Docc Company, and the ?to:k hm aad is injreasiuf in value. It g vea aid to uaxriianlcs aim >si exclusively, and is a valuable inttltu'.ion in tbu regard alone. The {act that G*or?e is ttie Urgest st<,c?hol?l?r it a p'i?tr4n;?n of its profperity. flut to return ta the period cf IH42, from whuh we liars dl grsasfd. It was in ?.bis ><'ar that Gsorge wont into tUrlein Railroad stock. Thin rixni was (appssad to Dermaed end tbeft -ck worthless. Its origin ?l capital was two millions. It was selling at are par cent t4eor/e made op hie wind that with propei tusiisi^raeut if. would be worth halt? fifty per c?-nt, or one million Although it was swamped is de'it not paying its eipeotes Tie went to wort aed bough t all it reiju't'd, sn i paid cub. He ex'encel its ind(-bt?'ln>>? i for tii-^e, five aa4 six y?am, and nta^a all i's lebts (ood fl? bought the ir ih 'o extend it froai VtUiaiBsbridM to Wh'ta I'l*in?. lie bougb* >, aud i iace !">' 2, 'HO share* wjich hid oe?n plet'gKi ier $'.? 000 ! Undor snob rasn".<em?'.t a . tliat o( lj<eir?, tbe stock went f-om ?1 to 7'. p-?r cent. Thonaai'ds upon thousatidn kad beeu eij iaaderad foolishly a pon th<> bset ti%i tn tha city, if? *- sli?l to cs/tj it ?o Ali.anjr. But for Get>rge Ihi* road would have '*?r *el<: and 'ie 'xna a total 1 m, aod Moutaa ts at.. H t avw lie-* *>il'i?rera atnoug a'l irU*a?s. In the year 18 J3 (i iwge tvngbt t':e Va|.*ane ira.e ?xp?rm*ntc with. fl? b?d \l?ay> h*d an incllrst oo ?" buitd nwi stsam-trs, and during his trip to Kuroiie h? ae</."l upon ovtry opMrtuo ?y to aenulM iBfcrmatlon in regat d to tteamah'p build. lag. la addition to these expertuaeata, be iu engaged ob tbe Uarle?, ?he High Brlage tad the Dry l ock property, sud tkls ymr be took ia hand the Mo hawk Bailread. TkU rwl wu ia a wretebed w ?y, aad the stoakholoera aad others induced George la under tue te Bike it worth aeuiething? see what could be <1ooe. It ?u a read from ttcbenertady to Albany. with aa iaeiiaed plaae at *a?b tad. lbs capital waa one u>tllien and a heir, aad the dock wu worth 27 per eeot only wfcen tiemge bought into it, and cooiaracMl wort . "I e what yea plsase, Gsosge, with K, so Wag as jou don't ask mosey from the company," said the Oireatora. It awed ever $2()0,0?i0 in Haatiag debt tieorge did away with the inclined plane*, carried it around the bills, aonaseted it with the 1'tiea road, atocked Ite cara, and whea be left it the atack was verth 76 per cent. He redaaed the expeaaea (rem $60,000 to $30, CO#. The stoek haa i in goae up to, aad (Tea over, par, aad bow paj a a gtod 7 per c?at interest. Ia additioa to ibeee weika, in the fall of lh44 Ueorge cemmeaeed the Oregon, the Brat staauaerbe erer bailt. S-be waa launched ia the spring of 1*45, aad raa that fall, be aolu her ia 1847. Ia 1Mb tieorge waa atlil ergsgedoathe bridge, aad running the Neptuaa aad Oregin, end bad iucrea?*d hia library and hia reading knowledge several thousand volumes. *e now eeae to the year 184?, memorable for the oemoaencemcnt ot the preparations whiaa endel ia hta bu>ldtag or buyiag hi it en ocean stealers We have reached a period wbea the greatest event of tbu century ocauirnl ? the opening oi the rice treasures of Csli'ornl* to the world. We have aready spoken of the smhit'on ef George to react! the aame perteet'en in sttam'bips tkat be hnt} retched in land constracticns. In 1H47 Col. A fi Sloo had made a coa ti he' with the Cnlted Sta em govranseat to carry the mails te California via Sew Orleaia md Chagrea. He eoul<t not comply with the terraa of the contract, a* he bad not tbe mean* te build the meaner*. There w*a but cne perron who eould undertake so vast an enUr prlaa, aud that one wan tieerge. tiol. Sloo made hia a'^uiintance. anil negotiations were commenced, which ented in George agreeing to build the necessary steamers. George, in maaiag anch aa arra?gem?at, wih actuated hy the highest natives of patriotism. He desired tha?, the American people ahould secure the trade o the North Pacific from the Kngliah. The latter Fewer had secured all the tniie of tbe Souttt r'aciOe, and bat for these steamers of hia th?y would alee Lave had the entire of the Nort*> Pacific and Qa'i feraia. It >e impossible to estimate tbe benefit aad ad vantage* which bare been secured to tie fntteJ dt?*?8 hy the?* stesmers. Be purchased the Falcon, which made her firrt trip in tbe fall of 1848. She took the firm passengers to Cliagres that reached California. Hie Ohio and Georgia, built by George, coaaoaenced ranaiag in Jurat ry. 1849. In 18(0 tbe Pacific Mail Steamship Company atarted an opposition te Geerge'a line of ateamera between New York aad Chagrea. George at enco placed an op position line of four steamers on the Pacific, to run from l'stama to San Fr&nclsso, so aa to make a through line fiom New Ytrk aad New Orleans via Panama to San Francisco. In January, 1851, George aold oat the Pacific 'ine ef steuirsis to tbe l'acfic Mail Steamship Company, and purcsbsed thair line oa tins aide, consisting of tbe kmpiie City, tbe Cre?*nt City, Philadelphia, hi Deride, Ilhcois, sna Cherokee. This arrangement waM completed April 1, 1861. In tbe fa>l of 1862, the Capta'n General ef Cuba issued an order prohibiting the Orescent City or any other ves sel fr< m cowing into tbe harbor of Havana, which eli on Id hare Mr. Smith, the purser of the Crescent City, en board. Gcerge refused to submit te it, and ap peeled to our government at Washington Instead of n plying to tie letter of tieorge and bis associates, tney todeavored to persuade bim to r?uiove Mr. Smith, as tbe eaciert way to settle tbe difHeulty, as they could find many aaen who would answer for purser as well as Mmtb. George said that was rot tbe question; tnat Mr. Smith was an American, and had a right ts the protection of eur government; and that be would not tirmits Smith or no otbtr man under the?e circumsUn cts from an board ef his veesola. at tbe dictation ot any fore'fin government. Hat it was ao reason beoanse Mr. Smith was a poor man, aud that any other man coul'l fill bis place, that bis rights should not b? protected. President lillmore replied to Utorge, that if his rteamer van destroyed he would b?*e bo claim for lamsge*. George tola Mr. Fillmore, that if that'waa all the protection Americans were to receive from their own itevcrnment, tbe stoner they found it out tbe bet ter for them; that he was satisfied that tbere was spirit enough in the American people to protect tbeir own right*. George continued Hauth aa purser until the Spanish government withdrew their order, ahhougb they threatened to hink tbe steamer ('refrent City every time she entered Havana The Spanish authorities said that Purser Smith had fur nistcd iiformation to the American newspapers injuri oua to the Cuban governtaent. George replied tb?t Smith tad Cons nothing of the kind; but if it wa? t'm fact, he ban yet to learn what right tbe government of Cuba ha? to muzzle tbe American press. Ia 18-111, George made the famous purchase of mus kets ot the I'nited dtatss government, aud it was th* caly direct tiai section he ever had with tbe government in any shape whatever. There were 144, CiO muskets otderect for public auction by tbe government, a: cer tain prices. The n>ii?i-*tn diu not bring tbo?- prices, aad George mode an olTer at private sale, wbicti was ac cepted. rhei-e muskets coa". the United >tatea govera n ent about S12 each. George or 'erec them altered to perrnshir.n lock* and many te the aticn e rille. This jesi, lt'49, the High Bridge was comp eted. Iu the eunmer ot 1861, a'ter the tr%n??ctions with the Pacific Mail bteamship Company were dosed, George took a large tamest ia the rn '.road across th? Isthmus of ) lira ma. n* left New York the day that he signed tbe contract for building the uteamthip tieorge law, the last. at*?iner Ue con'.tructed. He lei t ia February, 1862. went to Khagrea and Panama, and examined the lice of road. The n>ock was woiih 76. when he bought half a mi'l on. Ue weat to ispinwall. located a terminus, and set u*eu at wor> building a road, a dock and r'epot for hteaausra, which was the first ixck ever hnilt in that country lor com merce bttween the two oceans He returned home iu April, 1862, liter having visited Havana, Porta 8, llo, Sanjuau and New Orleans, and examine 1 into the r? sonrces of all these places. He loll out bia interest m the road iu the winter of 18o3. In lltf? Getrge went into the Eighth Avenue Rail road, Tbe charter had been granted to totne men in the> city. They quarrelled, and could not go on with the work. There were hut two and a-balf mmthe to build it in George advanced $800.0(0, and built the roe"! in the specified time It ia oue of the beat roads in tbe city. It is intended to po to Sarleni In 186U George pmchased tbe Staten Islaod ferry fcr$f0i',000, and tbisyear also he purchased property iu tbe Fifth aveuue, and built bia present reaidiuce, and mo^-ed into it. In that plain but substantial edifice ? the fruita ei bis own labor and industry ? he resides, surrounded by every comfort, with a library unequalled, including his early friendly volumes; he philosophises upon th* past, independent in every'hinv, snd embodying In America the character of Cine nnatus, the Romin. or Epsminoaoas, the Grecian, the ancient heroes of Plu taich. As has been clear'y shown In this brief h'atory, George's antecedents for the Presidency an tho.*? of labor. l'p to this time he has not qualified himself for the high oftUe, either by doing murder in battle tieWs or rcguery in a law ollice. In 1864 George sold ont all his >ot*re?t m the sea steamers, and then, intending to visltRurepn, be bought tbe Grupesbot, to be used as a private yacht for himself while atiroaS. This year he commenced the improved style of fireproof building in the Bowery. In February, 1865. tieorge was nominated by the Pennsylvania legislature f?r the Presidency. And here this biography will break off for a while, to be diked np aa the sun goea round and tbe graaa grows ? that Is, Vy future events. ThtatiN and Kxtilbltlnna. Acapsvy of iicbic ? The la?t appearance bo* thrr? ?f the I-?rmrfre op?-ra company taken plvce on Moadt>v ev*Bl?g, ?li?s Bellini'* grand opera " I l'arltani " will be played. Had. I?grani(e, Hgnori Mi rate, Caodl, Hi rial, Morelll and Baratlnl will appear Xiiilo'.s Garpev ? Tne opera selected for thii evening la Ualfe'ii " Bohtm'an 8lrl." Mr. IKrnhon a* rh*<l deva, Mr. Borram n? Count Arnheira, M.m L. I'j n?> m Ailin*. md Mi** Pyce an tbe Gypney Queen. Tlverf ???: be littlr loubt bnt ?h*4. the b jaoe^wiU be ?T,i\vdeJ, as Kii-* L. Fju* iH a favorite. IIKOADWat TjheaTRK ? rhe benefit n' Signer f a Hon i tales | i* -e thU catalog, bein/ the la*t ?i(ibt ?f the M-k>on Peroral eminent arlitU have volunteered ffcelr r<rv.ce? on the <tecail.>n Tbe piece* lelectod are ?' The Wmuw'd \ictlnj," " A Grand l>iv?rti*Ma>enl," and two act* of " The Bohemian Gill." Bowkrt TBkatre ?The drama of " The Oittle Steal em " is tbe commencing feature of thi* evening, la which M?*?r*. Coney and Webb will appear la tao lead ing character*. The play of " Tbe King'* Fool " will tollnw, ft ad the pantomime of " Doc Juu " wtH oos elmle tbe amuaementa. Bri*To*'? Tiikatrk ? Ihe benefit of Mr. G. Holland anl la*t of the teaaou take* place thie evening. Tbe eoaie piece "The Beulah Spa/' "The ^anderin.'; Minttrel " and " a Day After the Fair " are the ama*e nxntg ?elected. Holland, an old favorite and gool actor, degerrea a bumper. Waiaack'b TnnATRK.? The benefit of Mr W. B. Moore talc* place to night, when hi* friend* will be ptaaeed with tne dramatic (election* be ha* mad* for their en joyaoent. Tbe pieova are the " Baabelor of Arta," and * 'Grntleman from Ireland," In which all the leading artift* apiiear. Lakakuk'h Mktbopohtaji. ? The aaiuaemenU of 1W' evening will corumence with the melo-dramui>o Witt of " Mamniello," in wblch SenorH* Soto, M'lle '<noy Bvrre. Mop*. Carewe end Mr Smith, wi'l ap^ar. Theprt'ts cotnrdy of a "Curiou* Caae" eloeea the . nt<rtainiront<. America* Mnt-KCM. ? The drama called the " I<?uely Map of tlie Ocean," being very auoe*?fut, ia announced a' the n*trac1ive feature of thl* afternoon f.nd 4vamo^. C. W. Clarke and MU* Mestayer in the prjtolpul ebarat ttri. W OOP's Vinhtjivlb, ? Thoee who wU i to enjoy a heurty laugh *bould ?t*it 47J Hroadiray. A fine bill fjr to night. Bt:< Ki.Mr's S-krkxapkrs.? Tbe op?-r* of "Normi" agnl.i to n'vbt; alco, a great vrr- -y o' negro ravioli** an) In ?truinental piece*. Tbe Buckley* are oound to oa aue ce?*'ol Vkmiam'h Minstrki.* ?Thi* romp?ny are every nl<ht apiming tbeir ) n*ron* by tbe burlesque Baby ^huw and other intereiting teatur?a. Murine Cnvrt. Pefore Hon. Judge Birdaall. Juue 1. ? flmUon v< the .Vei? l'ork Dry Pork anil Qntwl Street Stnpr Company.? Thia **a an action 'or Jl'iS 'or grod* *olo and delivered ia the year 1S.S4. I'he 'efend aotc Bf'nifM'd fie debt, but all? *ed that tfee piiintiff wa* Indebted to tbe company fcr fonr nhtfi of ftoii*, for wb ch be hid ?ub*rribed, al tho p.t? v...ueof 11 M\ *nd they put in till* ai an o!f *t Tt*e pla ntlT con. t?ri' ert tl ht to render Ibe anbncriptloa val! 1, toe p.irtv, nt the time of euMerlbing, elionl'l p?y to Ihe companv ten [er cent of the whole tonuat . and that ia pereur -nee lotfro act of hicorpor?tlon ?w the coenpanr, tbe d*/>a<luaN thitiM *ho? that the ten per o-nt wa< (vi d. r.V conrt held tb*t it w?* not IticcnSaat on nefes1> nn?- >o prove that the t?a 'p,*r <*"t wth not pal i; i lat tbeir baviDg Jirovf'1 the *nhiirrlpMon, the prwimpUon lc, tr #. t It w?* vail''. .Imfgment 'or *he plalntilT for ??&, being the halan<*? between tbe amsunt claimed' and ttt ran due on the ibares. ARRIVAL OF THE K9ETH STAR. OKE DAT LATER FROM FRANCE* OUR PARIS C0RRESP8NDRWJB, 6u>; Ac., <&c. The steamship North Star, Waauk, ?( Vanderbilt'a diiee' Havre list, arrived yesterday morning, ah* felted from Havre at kalf past one P. II. of the 10tb, ud ar rived at her dock at 6 o'clock yesterday morning, making tbo passage In twelve da;* sixteen hours and a half. Ihe Kerth StK encountered strong westerly gales and heavy head Maa from longitude 20 up to longitude 65. She bring* over oae hundred passengers aad one hundind aad fifty tone of freight. The stosmhip St. I/oals, Captain Watten, frsia Neir York, arrived at Havre on the morning ef the 10th, ia a damaged condition, having ran against an iceberg on the eaitera edge ef the Grand Bank*. Her bow* were btdly stove, bat ehe was able to complete her passage safety, a* the Injury wai chiefly above water ltae. itiritd is a list ef Americans registered at the bask ing effioe of Livingston, Well* k Co., 8 Plaoe de la Bear**, Palis, en tbe 18th May: ? J. G Gregory and lasally, G. Richmond, T. R. Clark, T. Crube, J 1' KtHefg, T HilUr, C. A. Greene, J. Bsromore, H. W Pitta, T. Jarr.say, li. V arret, J. Harriaon, C. Pita ttiifih, M. Delano and daughter, A H. Jeeup. R Pan, W. B. Welles, J. lllood^eod, Mite bloedftvod, C. C Thompson. C. M. Tli<>nip?oa, >5. U. Tothill. K. Pell, t. R. kevere, V. Poole, l>r B. A. Clement, K ? Kniicbt, II. P. Wilson, I j. W. Taylor and lady, V de LiolaaoMn, lira. D. D. Haward, tiles t. T. Howard, Jno. P Howard, W II. Gilespio. U. K. Fanlall, >ew Yerk; O W. Giegtory and family, A. M. T. lleoderson, Mies llenderton, H. S. i.efaoan, T B. Norria and riaier. Jno P. Vroi.m, Few Jersey; Mrs. C, W. Chapla and family. M. F. Bowles G. Lombard, J Hatnaway, Haw* ebimetts; N. Smith, Connecticut; J P. I'lnme aad family, J. M?rriaon. M. D . Dr. M Rabl, California, J. Mnse, Ohio; W. Maton. I.. Resenburg, Murvlaai: R. Campbell, D Camp bell, J. Boadle, Maaaachoaeti a; T B Breaddea, J, R. Wra cheater, Louisiana; Gllea Mabie, Illinois. Our Paris Correspondence. Paris, Hay 18, 18M. More Last Wi (irds of Pianori ? The Puliik Emigration in Paris and Lorn Ion ? Ministerial Changes ? Canrobart Superseded ky Pelissier as Commander in Chief of the Prcnch Army in the Orimea ? Emile de Oirardin and His Kettauiani ? Mme. B usque and Her Cremerie? In auguration of a Statue of Joati of Arc, and qf tloe Palace if Industry. Fisnori, who fired at tbe Emperor, was guillotined at 5 o'clock on Monday morning. Ehert work was made of the whole affair, from his arrest ea the 28th ef April to his execution on the 14th ef May. Yet it might be sus pected that Attorney -General Roulaud was scarcely satisfied evea with this justice expeditive , as he termed it; for he expressed almost a regret that It had aot been anticipated by Lynch law. "Sueh fellows," he said) "tbould know that when they escape being crushed by public Indigaatitn at once aad on the spot, (bruyis par V indignation publique surle-champ, sur place,) tbey will in but a few daj* be convicted and struck down by the law ol the land." On tbe day after the condemna tion ef Pianori, according to a correspondent of the Indeptndance Beige, coubts still remained as to the an tecedents of the aceused, and his past identity was far from having been determined by the information whieh thedelegraph had brought from Italy respecting him. Tou will observe, in the report of his trial, the following remaikable statement in a despatch of the French Charge d'Aflalres at Rome: ? "Pianori, after having as eatsinatednn officer of gendarmerie, took refage at Genoa. He olten returned home to commit new erimes." Now, Faenia, where be belonged, is not so large a pise* that be could easily have returned to commit new crimes very often, without some chance of detection. At all event*, it seems rather late, the day after tbe condemnation of a man, to begin to investigate the authenticity of tbe evidence which hod been urged against him on hlH trial. It certainly would have proved too late to wait for fur Ihtr and fuller information from Italy, had be neglected to appeal to the Court of Caisation, and been duly ex ecuted three days after sentence of death was pro nounced upon him. Pianori was prudently denied the privileges of no toriety which those charged with similar guilt had iu the dsys of Louis Philippe. Had he fired at the citizen King iottPad of the imp*rial person of the ex-President of the Frenrh republic, he would have been tried, like several persons, including the latter, by Ihe Chimbtr of Pens. As it was, he was tried like a common thief, by the Court of Astizes, and only three lines aad a half in the e o? - c fii c. al part of the Monxltur chronicled his ex ecution. Government shrewdly avoided the possible danger of investing lilm with an importinoe that mighl have tempted other misguiled individuals to imitate him. In spite of significant rumors that on tbe very day f f his attempt against the Emperor's life, a story of the Emperor's assassination was circulated in Madrid an<l other European capitals, it has not beeo proved thut this Roman republican, who risked hi* life tj keep a vow, was instigated by any other than the personal motive ie af signed for as aet walch was at once a crinvi snd a blunder. It is sot impossible, indeol that he may have had confederates, coro'i of whoui might have citcd \n their dcfesce the decUion by which, oa the 2d of Deeember, 1861, the Court of Uasaation formally pronounced I.ouis Napoleon Bonaparte an outlaw, '-/tor* 2a loi." But nothing was dis closed during the trial of Pianori which jus titles the accusations hurled by certain journalist* on his account, against republican* as a "ichool of aesas sits." Such accusatioi* are rashly made by the dis ciples of casuists like St. Thomas, Father Mariana, Fa ther Jimmermans, aad the rest, as well as by those who m??t religiously respect Napoleon's will, which pension ed Sergeant Caatillon for hi* attempt to aeswsinate the Cuke of Wellington ia 1815, and who are silent, at least, when the name of the Duke of Enghien is meatioaei. One word more aSout the Pianori affair, en whieb I have dwelt thes at length on account of the intereet which seme of the Italian exiles in your city may have felt In it, and it shall be dismissed. In the indictment tbe aceased was said ''to have known that his Majesty, without distrust, without eseort, (m escoriet d'aueiMt suite.) tonfides in tbe resnect and devotion of all arot.nd his." Notwithstanding this formal endorsement of the prevalent notion of those foreigner* wha seethe Kmperor r.din(r apparently alone en the Champa Elyi6*fl tnd eise where, it in only ceceKaary, in order to Ciaoovar that hi* Majesty is always more oloeely hedged about whta protec tion than it wonld sometimes ino, to eoant the names ef the multitude of policemen who pprang w rt were, nam beneath the pavement when Planori fired hia firs: abet. ar.d several of whom afterwards appeared a* wit e'ih-i agkimt liim. Among the witnesses were Aliea sandri, Brigadier of Polioe ef the Imperial Resi denote ? it raa be that stabbed Planori; Hyr voix, InsperVr General of Police of tte Imperial hesidencts; Bee'juet, Inspector of Police; Caiti, | do.;lot.meur, do. : Miuiatrarsi, do.; Chausse, brigadier of the *trg*rl de rifle. Mo merer. Col. Edgar Ney ht ? claimed, la tbe Mjnitriir, n share with the?e geatlert u and Prcrideaee, in t'iie honor of aavag tlie Emperor's life. On a flip of paper, whtah lomebow misled the en vekpe of my last week's letter, I mentioned bow quick ly the Emperor, doubtless, reeoveied his tai.g frvid, hn self poseeeaion, aa well as his balance, after hia boo* ?hied at the fiiat shot ef Piaaori, although an Aavrioai: lady wboee carriage passed close by him when he ta bued from the crowd, and started forward to rejoin the Fmpms, assures me that he had not fairly reoovarod beth at (he moment abe saw him. He did not salute or m? ber or anybody else then exeept a group of ''bloaseaaea" at a little distance, on whom bis eyes, more expressive tban tbey had ever seemed to her before, were fixed steadily nnd not without anxiety. Bla face, slie affirm*, vh? as pal* as she th-nks her own wou.d li.ive been if slieheraelf had been shot at, and abe "dou't wonder at. it. either." lbe publication In the MonUeur of felicitation* ad dfexied by Polish refugee* in P?ri* to the Emperor, on account of hi* eseape from the bullets of Puinori has attracted mere attention than it merited, rt may have been meant a* a menace to Austria; bat. Auatil* best knows bow little it i< to b* ilresdid, at present. At the German legation in J'srls at.d London, a* well as among the Polish em!gri.ti(D in both thtse cities, however, no slight ae?. n.tlon has been prodao<.d by the addi-s..e? pu*>li?hed in the Mntiil'-ur. Tbe obsequloiuneM of these ad<lre?e?s bi?. M'Ter theless, I kb assured, btta disavowed hj thi< rty of tbe I'. Jiah emigration Yau are awar? that ?1'S ?iuiftraticn is dividec int? thr?<} frart'oos Tb? aria'of mtic fraction is repietented by l'rince CcartWUfci. and is tho only one ou wVch the Fmperor of the French Us dei|jue<i to smile, although the. letter of tisncrnl TyMnrki murt have been cneocted for a certain pur pose by luir. an I tho ex ^ouitrainier ln ehisf of the l'o lis! -my of 1V81 Tte wond, or military faction, o< xvhlcb iienfrsl RyblncM is the ch'.ef, an J almost the oa!y adherent, bss oot h i tier to Bern very favorably r? gsjcledat tbt 1 u leries. TlM yfOWftti I riaotl, whaio ?? t bts ta^e to I ail N'apo ? n ilf ae ' ^kiMllli ?f the b*ro wbo was 1hs .-egen -ratof of their <01 airy " wuirt i. *ve forpottcn tint om i>' the ?fccaM ef tbe tali of tbe i irt-iie was the constant, nelfili aad uo"raWul rofasai <>t the ntcle to rteidei Poland WidepeuiUnt. <tona?tic SIMM must bar* lirpeM - ?' tbe in i?w ef ol? ?f ,!?? i'su)ibtste of QlfNB ?n?l Ni ne* k> have ?tantd cue of ibe sddresse* in the M nittur. LiMrpris* wa? oetaaiened i y tho ai>p*sr*nee sm^tig Its s.'ners of the rufce of Adam Meekeoier*, tbn 'poet ef Ka tir.nalitif s," the editor in rbief, In lW9, of the htlutir de* Peupim, a journal whose mission was " to |*e.<ch tbe in?urre<'.tion ef nationalities," every white and always. As for the third, or demociatle fraction. niitmM at Purl* HpNlil^ by Generals Wyieaki iii lltrMlawsk*, ud tn Belgium by the venera kit Ul?*il, they in wholly kept itidiiuwubrtw Ebmim, attheari Pr ace r?'ap?l#on has received tw tw? first nail with particular tigm* of Iitii. But their liwMi, b?th her* and in London, bin, I am told, unit ed ia lecemmendiag caution and distrust in rii* of the risible bepes which the publication of the addresses the tlomtrur Bight excite. They cherish as little confidence hi the apparent overtures of Napoleon ill to the l ol fh em'granta, a* ho doee in their sympathy. Tbey lad it difticult to helieve that the nephew is nor* dispeaed than the uncle was to restore liberty to Poland. Anxioas as bo asay be to ' 'plant the imperial eagles on the walls ef 8eba?tjpel," they caanot think An la a harry to toe "the (l?g ef nationalities" float again ever tbe ramparts of Warsaw. Warsaw is far off whon yon hav.e gone firit to Rome. Koesuth's last aard for tbo Allies can scarcely bo ?)?yed before the present partners ks the great political game hare boos changed. A Taiiety of conjectures, however, have been started, not only by the Polith addresses in the Monittur, but by tbe fast that conferences have been held at the Taileries with several iafluential members of the Polish emigration A strong disposition has beon manifested, it is said, to induce Switzerland to aide with tbe Western a Uei. It was urea rumored, last Sunday, that M. Wa lewakl, (whose part in the Polish iniu. reetiou in lSdl you ttlll remember; tbe new Minister of Foreign Affairs, had been sent to Geneva to hasten this result. His prede cessor. M. Drouyn de l'Huys, whoee visit ts Vienna turaedeutso unfortunately for him, has gone into the seantry, seeking repose from hia recent diplomatic fatutikH. Tbe real secret of the retirement of the latter Minister, It appears. Is to bo found oot only in the oppo tit ion of tbe English Cabinet to tbe Austrian t?rms, which he deested acceptable. and in tbo irritation of M. Mouventl, tbe reputed author ef his bsst despatches, to whom se had DSglected to forward his letters from Vienna to the Tuiler es, preferring a direct correspon dence with tie En<peror, snd wbe was consoled by jump ing out of a clerkship at Paris into an ambassadorship at ConMaatiaeple, but also, and chiefly, in the undis eembled dis?atii> faction of the Emperor with the nionsr in which he had performed his mission. If we are to believe a despatch from Vienna to an Eegl'th journal, received here to-day, U. de Nesselrode has been superseded by Gen. Ysrmololf. The fact that the latter is oot a diplomatist makes this news seem deabtfnl at Pans. But cbange is decidedly the order of the day. Letters from Constantinople, from the 3d to tbe 7th of *?y. have been jaat received, jiving the detai's of the minis terial crisis in that eity, and the suppression of the ha r adj. Letters have also been received from the Crimea up to the 5th inat. The Monirrur, which announced yesterday that it would not appear to-day, did appear this mommr, with a despatch from Gen Canrobert, an nouncing his resignation on account of ill healtb, of his post as Cf mmsnder-'D-Cbief, in favor of Gen. Pelissier. and a reply from tbe Minister of War announcing th?t tbe Fmperor accepts his resignation, and confirms the appointment ef Gen. l'elissier; but that instead of com mas ding "a simple divieicn." as he had requested, he sbsll command '*the corps of Gen. Pelisslw. " Both the despatch of tbo late Commander In-Chief, and the reply ef tbe Minister ef War. are dated on the 14th of May ? tbe former at 10 o'eioek A. V . the latter at 11 o'clock P. M. The telegraph does quicker work than the e^n aoa of tbe allies, but when the reinforcement of 80,000 troops shall bave arrived ? if Gen Canrobert is a true prophet ? Sevastopol will be entered "by the door or by the window." A'otts vtrrmt. lhat famous new restaurant, tbe Diner de V Exposi tion, has been closed, as the advertisement on it* win dows says, "for repairs," but as evil tongnes whisper, "fer lack of receipts." Emile de Girardln may have learned that a most successful proprietor of a newspa per may not prove the most successful proprietor of a restaurant This Is considered the first ? lucky for the Parisfaas if it be the last ? disappointment of the "Ex hibition sea ion." Net a few Americans daily and agreeably console themselves for tbe closed doors of tbe Diner de I' Expo tit u. n? and would, were even tbe doors of tbe Maitrm d'Or and other renowned restaurants also closed? by dintrg at the now no le*s renowned Cremrrie of Madam* Husque, in ths rue de Ui Michodiire , where tbe upvialite is "pumpkin pie," and where the guests, if we may believe Dickens' "Household Words." (and our own ex perience ) sie "poms pumpkins" too. A catalogue of the guests of tbe Cretne.rie durirg the past three years would interest, I am Bure, not a few readers of tbe HmM.p, all over tho United States. But such a catalogue would be even longer than I fear this letter will be, if I f o not doss it here, at the tottom of this pa/e, without saying anything more of either 1be Inauguration of tbe statue of Joan ot? Arc, at Orleans, er of the inauguration of the Palace of Indus try at Paris, t>'an that both of these events have sig nalized the flret fortnight in May. I have just room to add that, thanks to Mr Field, tbe Chairman of the Cen tral Committee of American Commissioners, and to 1' Napolron. President of the imperial Ootnmisbion, the representatives of the American press "assisted" on the 15th at the inauguration of tbe Palace of Imlust-y. FIGARO. Markets. Havre, May 19 ? 10 o'elock. I forwarded you, on Wednesday evening, (lie annexed review, by the Pacific steitner. On tbe following day ? a holiday ? tre exchange was closed. Yesterday (Fri day), owing to the encouraging accounts from Liver pool, the deman i b?.s been very spirited in our cotton, and 3,(i00 biles bave changed lunds at stiller prices Our stock bus somewhat increased by arrivals irom Charleit' n, Mobil', fit. In other articles we have to report a sale of 1S2,i(i0 kils. Indian corn, white, at 27f. per 100 ills American hops are worth 180f. a185f. The ikirand is limited. Stock : 4(10 bales. The woatber Hnce yesterday b?a again '>ecome fine. Freight for tbe United States remains scarce. The Henry Harb-ck, for New York, tails to-c'ay with a full cargo, but at lew sates. Brutal fflurdrr on 8tot?ii Island. A HAN K1LLKB IN 4 HOUOII AND Tl'MliLE FIOHr. lh? neighborhood of the Quarantine, Statsn Island, was thrown into a state of excitement yesterday morn ing by a faUl affray between tiro Iriihmea, on Pavilion hill. The facts of the cane are as follows:? Two men, one named John McCarty, and the other Daniel Connelly, have been engaged for two or three yean past at the Quarantine, in the buiiness of visiting emigrant slilpe upon their arrival from abroad, anil purchasing at a bargain from the passenger* whatever rubbish they have for sale, in the way of provision*, old clothes, &c. Thete are several perions at the Quarantine engaged in this business, and are known as emigrant speculators or rentiers. For a trifle tbey purchase from emigrants remains of hams and shoulders, oatmeal, butter acd ikl clothes, and bring their purchases to Kew York and diipote of it again at the lower class grocery stores, or among poor people who are always ready to purchase what appears to be a cheap article. In the pursuit af this buiiness, McCarty and Conmlly, a few days ago, visited the ship R. 8. Gilchrist, upon her arrival from Havre, and both made purchases from the passengers. It seems Connelly, among other things, purchased a demijohn, which he afterwards lost, and surpecting McCarty of taking it, he accused him of the theft. The parties met on Thursday, in Wall street, when harsh words passed between them, and Con> nelly charged McCarty with stealing his property. The two men here psrted and met again at 11){ o'clock yesterday morning, on Pavilion hill, Staten Island, where a fight atonce took place between them. At the time of tfce fight several friends of the parties were h tending by, and, instead of separating the com bat* nts, tbev encouraged them on in their brutal blows, by their cries aad excitement. MoCarty being a large, stout man. possessed of great strength, was too much for C<nnel)&, who was a joung man about eighteen j ears of nge, and weak and delicate in constitution. Mct'aity dealt his blows most unmercifully apon Con nelly, and finally striking him a heavy blow under the ear, be tell heiplets to the ground, tome of the spect* tors assert that Connelly was kicked after he fell, but this is denied by others. The daaea*ed never a^?oke atter he toll. When it was observed that he lay motionless upon the ground, some of the crowd advanced vo him, and picking him up, it was found that his pulse was still beating, though he was bleeding profusely from hij wounds, wbat assistance could be commanded was at ?nee tendered him, but to no purpose, and Connelly ex pired within ten minntes after receiving the blow under the ear. MeCarty immediately gave himself up for trial, and the deceased was carried to the dead house, where ho remained up to a late hcmi yesterday. The report of the murder loon spread throughout the neighborhood, and great excitement prevailed for a time. The Coroner, K. It Noble, as coon as be could summon a jury, held an inquest npon the body of tie deceased. The facte elicit sa were as we have given tfcem above, and the verdict of the jury was. "That Daniel Connelly came to bis death from blows iiflicted upon by John MeCurty; aad they, the jury also find that Jeremiah Murphy, John Steward, Jol.n Copland, John Grady, Martin Bow, Robert Clark ion and l>ani<-l Nocnnn were accessories to the (*eatti of Dinielta&B'lly." There parties, charged with being ae eef'ories, were those who stood bjr and emooraged the fignt. All of the above parties, aa soon as the verdiet was rendtred, were conveyed to the county jail, in Rich mond, -md locked up for trial. Theie parties aharged with te'ng accessories to the murder, are all of them en 8 aged in the same business with the daoeaaed aad Mc arty. llie deceased s?d MeCt.rty art both Irish men, and a? to the time of this fatal aftrsy are reported to hare been friends of each other. Both were single men. The de feased has a mother living in New York, who visited the quarantine jetttiday, when she heard of the affray, hut fhe only arrived there to witness the dead bodv of her Min. Tills 1s regarded by the inhabitants or Btaten TMand as a moat cowardly, brutal and savage murder, as the deceased was so much lighter than the assailant, snd so poorly matched with b'm in strength. Oar Public School House*. TO THB RPITOK OP THK flEKAI.D. ?Will you i<ene rou?ly admit in your excellent papor our proposition for a slight change In the school hour* of tbe hiftbrr Mesaes of the public schools of which we are membei sf The hour of nine, which is an excellent one for the winter stason. is still preserved as the summer hour far opening school*, only, we believe, from early custom and present inattention on ttoa part of the Board of Educa tion. 1 Would the reepected Board of Education of this city 1 consider tbe great advantage from commencing our les ??one at the pre??nt season in the cool ot the morning, thereby subtracting one hour from the heat af the day, . ust at tr e time when study be^inr to be Irksome and of little real advantage. That tbey should make the pr? ratt Ftod.v begin Ft 8 o'clock nnd close at 1. Tbe fre?h rets ?f mini', we are conscious, in the early moroing bours, aad the vigor and aptness it gives t? oar applisa tian, w.ll reedlly appear as one of our beet arguments lb favor of this proposed change. Will act tan, dear sir. T>ref< ot tnis subject to the Hoard of Education with sacli rewsrK ?! as are calculated to call their attention to It propitiously!' fll'UBENTS OF WARD SCHOOL NO. 11. MEWSPAPEt LIBEL SUIT. THE " EMIGRANT RUNNER" CASE AGAINST THE SU* The Right of an Editor Publish Facts. VERDICT HI FAVOR OF THE rRESS. Superior court. Before Judge lios worth. Emery Matlhrwt agt. Motet 8. Btuch and Buuli.? tn action against I tie proprietor* ?> tti* <f_ fer aa a!Uged UmI, published ia that paper en the 27? June, 1&50. Th* cat* wii oalled Tuesday morniag laat, 29tk li?t| ud the following juror* having aaawer*d ?amen, were duly empanaelled : ? HubibiI Hofcea, No. 6 Wert twelfth street, Frederic Johnson, N >. 38 i-lxth street. Henry E Kanous, Mo 301 Third street. William H. Vancevier, No 33 Fifth street. John l'rice, No. -3H Want Forty -Mewl steeet. William O. Starr, No. 13 Bedford street. Freceiic Balin, No 16 Scammel streot Alfred W. Wardell No 174 East Fif teoath itMet. James P. Batght, No. 236 East Broadway. Archibald Hail. No 135 Madison street. Ed?n P. Clara, No. 2lu Hiuston street. Jaaes Guihrie, No. 1 Hudson place. A preliminary question as to the right of defend counsel to open and close the rase, on the greuad th having admitted tbe charge, the affirmative rested wi, him, was, after some argument, decided ia hi* favor. | James T. Brady, E?q., tnen opeaed the case, explaii lag the reason why ttie uiual practise of givia{ to plan tiif's conn**) the opening and closing rsmirks waa di parted from in this instance by saving that dafsndantj did aot deny the pablication of the article ia questior bat claimed that it wis true; that plated them *a th affirmative of the question at issue, and If they prov their aflirmation trne, then the qnestioa should h*,r cided in their favor. Ibis suit, he said, was commenced In 1860. Ia I oourse of his busmen the reporter of the Sun t formed that an assault was committed upoa the i__ of a respectable citizen in Broadway; that said ait had made a comp'aiut at toe polio* office, hat oeald i get a warrant issued b?cau?e he had aot a witne_ such waa the rule at that time In some eases, which, I auch were to become general, would bo ridiculous, as i man might bo set upon ia the dark, aad aeariy ma. derej, snd a warrant could aot be issued agaiast hii who committed the assault, because he had aot a wri ness. The reporter was told that the reasoa of th* ai saalt was, that a geatlemaa from Vermont, wh* hal been on a visit to a friend ia New York, wu about tl take paxsags home for hisaself and hi* wife, aad that h| was tak? a? he would not say eatioed? lato aa oflie*, hoi*, or place, by two eaiigraat runners, Adams i Katthsws, who met them ea tne dock. Emigrant runners are in general a good class *f _ hat they have a ret of harpies and vagabonds am*i? ttem who do nothing but plunder poor esaigraata < tbeir arrival, and which often lead the latter to lmagii the worst possible of New York, from the moment i their arrival her* until they arrive at their destlnati* in the Far West. The Verm eater then purchased twl tickets for the steamer imp r* frcm Adams and Matf thews, but which were refused by tbe saptain of thi vessel, because this firm ret use) to redeem their Ujke ?n a former occasion, so that It appears that they ' speeulac ng in tickets without authority. The V? moot- r then pain for h<B paisage and that *f his - and on his return home wrote a latter to his frl*a in Bioadwsy to endeavor to recover th* aMaey. friend weat to Adams ana Matthews, who promised refund tbe money, bat did not. He met Adams at leagf in Proadwsy, snd. after same friendly greeting, demunl ed the money back, wbbh was refused, and, a*cordl* to the gentleman's statement, Adams pulled him hy th nose sad called bim ugly names, while Matthews, wbf came up at tbe time, t brunt his elbow into the pit of 1 stomach, and nearly knocked him dowa. All thi* a told to the reporie' of tbe Sun and the following artieli was published in tbe paper without having bee* seen bj *itli?r of tbe cefendants. The article is as follows: ? *' An'amault was committed last Tuesday night *n respectable msn named l'eter N. Horeley, in Broadway by two em grant runners n?m-d Adams and Matthew*! wbo knocked him <lowa and groaelv maltreated hiatT The quarrf] it is represented, originated by Mr. Horsl*] asking the fellows to refund some money that had bee paid to them by some o> his friends tor worthless atean boat ticke s. Tbo complainant appeared before Justie ljithrop, at the Tomr*. and stated the circum?tan*?i but the Justice reluse1 to issue a warrant Proceeding were then entered into before iho Mayor, and i taken to bring tbe oflendiitp partes to jusrtc*." .Adams and Matthews get hold of this, and were de termined to profit by tt. Out of this they have get ui no less than nice suits, including the present on*. The] fancied ttey could gain a larger amount by tbat spec a lstion tbsn the o'l tr (tbe ticket*;) but one thing wa: in Ihtir favor, tney agreed not to let my fr;en<l Whnatai lore by it, and 1 like tnat, 'or 1 always like to tee a law yer paid for bis work (Laughter.) Well, oat of thssT aine suits they (a. and M.) have realized, by judgment the lar^e sum of six ceats. This article watt not publ lisbtd through any malic*, as the deiendants had never teen eiihsr Adams or Matthews; they were eve a dlspoMi^ to make reparation. A. and M called on tb* Messrs. Beach, and iVsired I have tbe article contradict*). This they refused to < until they hud seeu the gentleman who was stid :* havJ MM ass?ulted. i; t gentleman said the articl* vd true in every particular, and, in cunseque nee, defend] sets refused to r'trvct. Ia al< cases, except crtmiua cnes, when ltmiflit not be politic, there is a right 1 (peak tbe truth. The answer put in by defendant* wi ruled out by Judge Camp bell, and they went to trii without having witues-?s< to prove tbe truth. Judfi Dutr, before whom the case ?u? tried, and wbo ia as ?p lght a Judge as any in the I nion. charged tun jury wlti ? Cegree oi isperity justlded, in hi* opiaion, by the cas SB it ne'sssarily appeared before him, and a judgn^nf of S6t 0 was siv u m tavor of p a ntiifs. This was ca"Y-j ried to tbe Court of Appeal*, the jucgmaat reversed, an<| now it comss up again or anetber trial. I t>ball iavist tbat this was a police report, and notb mote, and will leave it to tne jnry as a matter of fact! lb* lsw at tnat time was that a reporter should nofl publuh an article unless tbe p4rtias were proven guilty j but to ibow job the opinion af tbe Legislature at the present day on this subject, I will read an act recently patted by them. AN ACT IN XkLATJON TO UBKL? PA8SXD IN SKXATE APRIL 1, lSb4. faction 1. No reporter, editor, or proprietor of any new?p?p?r shall be liable to toy action or prosecution civil or criminal. tor a fair and troe report in such news paper or any judicial, legislative. or other public offlcla proceedings; of any stat-ments, speech, argument, a debate in tlie course of the same, except upon a:tua proof of malioe In making sucn report, which shall In IM cti<e be implied from the fact of tDe publication. fee 2. Nothing in tbe preceding seeciou contain** shall be bo construed aa to protect any inch reporter editor, or proprietor 'rem an action or indictment foi anj libellous comments or remarks superadded to and interspersed or connected with such report. k'ec 8. This act stall take effect immediately. If tbe article now oom plained of ooutalna anyth'ng moie or lees Uan the truth, then the Jndgo will tell yoo what to do. There may, perhaps, he some slight dis ere panel* s in techteal language, which the other side w'U lay liold of, as for instance they nay say emigrant agent ins'ead of runner, or elbowed him instead of knocked bim down; but t lie so are trifling differences, wbicb are scarcely entitled to notice. \ The gentleman assaulted was then called, and examin ed by Mr. Brady. He said: ? I was carrying en business in Broadway as a daguer reot.ijpist, on ibe ?Mli June, I860; knew Adams am Matihe?s; My acquaintance began by meet in? them at tbe Tombs about tbat time; my business there wa csuaed by xme friends from Vermont, who were onfl visit to me here, in 1849, and who on their return honH purchased ?< rne eu*imtv>at tickets which proved wort? less; tbote now shown me are the lami itokets; ttaM were returned to me by letter, my friends' names ? V At' rill as soon a* I received the letter I went to thj corner of Barclay and West streets, where the office o( Adams had cxen and found the place shut up; then was so sign up; 1 mad* inquiry, but get no tidings of bim till the middle of June of tbe following year, when 1 noticed bis arrest, with Mattbews. in the Hkraiji (ob? jected to, but overruled); I conversed with Adams. W hat 6 iq be say ? (Obj sctod to, bnt overruled. ) Muttl ews etmr if to learn what wai going on; I told liim of tbe tioketo; be adtnUtod be had given thsa, but ?aid thay were good; he desired me to cosse down, nex morning, to the niritr o> Washington and Oedar siresUfl I did fO, and oi;ni A src I M. engaged in ftelhnp tioksB apiwrently to emlttrante; there was a sign tip iberajl was all lettered over with "Railroad offlce," &e,,*Wre newed tbe eonvoreat.ioo of the previous evening Jrlth Adams, Matthews being present; be proposed to flu to drop the matter If he proved tbe tickets were good; I ?air' I wouldn't; I went down with Adams to the stoam boat, and saw the clerk: hs was not the same man to v?liom Arams Introduced me. Mr. Wheatrn objected to tbis testimony as/irre'evant; it was not being proved that Matthews bad an> thing to do w tli idling ibe tickets. Objection ov Tilled, as Mat thews baC ovin -ed an intcreit in tbo matter, taking part In tbe conversation, &c. I did not go to the office Again; I next evening saw Adsmt and Matthews at tbe corner of fark pi ten and Broadway, opposite the store of Mr. Arnold; I was oa my way up to *be lodge; it wau about sunset; Alums eccgnired m? first; I bed eome talk with him; Matthews ? ami> a lot of fellows; Adams called me b4P; Matthews then joined in and called mo names; , I then tried to get awav; Adams then tosk me br tht noee, called me a d? d son of a b? h, a lousy vagabondj thief robber, kc., and r.aid if Jesus Christ himself c*t? down froio Heaven, and told liim to pay hack tho money, he would not. <e it; Mr Arnold came out, and ordered ibe crowd to novo off the silewalk, saying that If wa wanted to fight, tbe street was tho plaoe, not the side walk: I then stepped on tbo stoop, and tried to tell Mr. Arnold what the case was; a crowd then gathered ouiid; Adams grabber my noae, and pulled me forward; immtdisUly after wan! Matthews pi iced bis elbow in tbe pit of my ttomikbh, pushed me so that 1 would have fallen to tbe grrund but that I was near tbe railing, against wh*?h 1 h II Af'srwar s went snd made a complaint at the policH office, but no wsirsnt was issued; 1 then went to thi^ Mnyor; he ?poka to Justice I.athrop about it, and after wards a watrant was iisued, hut Anams and Mstthewg ? ere not nrree'ed tb?n or even on that wsrmnt; saw th? re} orte r of the \vr> k'ut I bad seen .Tuittrc l.athrea tbe first t'Bi? nnd hefate I made tbe affidavit; I do not rtrol ?ct tie lepmter'a ?sme; em not aware if he b? living or d*sd; I Wad a conversation with him. Ot^edsd *o, ies stert on by Mr ftrady, and Mlow?J. I told Vm ibe isots alrwadv stated, and that I had been te .InetVe Lsstirep and was refusel a wsrr-snt an less 1 kfcii a^wttness. and that 1 then went to Mi* VsorJ tze. ; afterwerra I saw the puhlloatlnq in the ? ; I -el cetved s tote nem Mr Alfred Heach went to the office er?l saw *i m taere. Yt. Hrsdf . ' ?I*' "-' to peeve t he onver- Xli^? was objected to cv plaintiff's conaeei, hot inflated ej^H Mr. B., and ulflj^stelr reseerwl for a fat a re o-tcesioAH Crnes -examined ?I first g<rt those tickets in a Uttepl dated Oetoher 81, R4V; my friend* left my place sotof |

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