Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORKJ^RALD. JAMES tiOKBO'^ BENNETT, PKOrHIKfOP _ AND Eluroa OFFICE R? ?* VB Of NASSAU AND FULTON 8TS. Vol**""" No. 03 AMU.-EMENl'S HI13 EVENING. ICADEHY OF 11U31C, Fourteenth itrett? Lucia di BROADWAY TIIEATRK, Broadway? Inqomah? Bon a JjOK BOWERY THEATRE, Bowetj ? Jack Cad*? Peiiss ?vted Dutc?*A*. BURTON'S THEATRE, Churibert struct? Uoravatis* Sam? Blac* Swan? Musiukl. WAI.l At'K'S TIIEATRK, Broadway? Bi'sv Body? Kvw yoDTMAN. AMERICAN MUSEUM? A'ternoon ? Km in THt Danh ? lack TJyvd Svbas. Evening? Love's Sacrifice. WOOD'S MINsrP.EI.S, MechMioi' Hall? <72 Broadway. BUCKLEY'S OFKHA HOUSE, 63i) Broadway? Buck ley's Ethiopian OritBA Trovk. EMPIRE HA I.I , J9C Broadway? Panorama O* Ei'nor*. Hew V?rh, Mitudny, Waith 5, 11855. MrALh Cor the Pacific. m NEW \01Ut ITSHALD? C'ALlFOK.VtA EDIT Em. Tbt Umtc<l Stater mail utrnnsbip (Jeergo, Onpt. ?B. L. Fr v, will fcive tliin p.ttt thin afternoon M two ?O'clock, icr Aep'rcwail. Theaiailn for California ".nd o'.hcr pn:ta of Mie CV.c-iflo, "will close at e?o o'clock. The Ntw Ton* Wunerr Hnuij>-?Califorr a oCition? containing '?"le latent ietMiigcnce from all parta bf the ?worl i, will pabilebtd at eleven t 'clock thin morning. single orpien, in wirrppers, ready Jor mating r.iiptuce. AffentH wiJ p)'.uy? read in their wdera an ear'.y u> poe ai< Je. The' NeV?. Botfi houses cf Congress adjourned f.o?Uy at tea mmit* s to twelve o'clock yesterday forsnojn, attec a sitting of evor thirty-si* hoar?. A rcmmi of the doitps of ttec session is given In the editorial columns. By the arrival of tbe Star of the WesMastevec ing we are enabled t j lay bafore oar readers the de- < tails of California newe to the 9th alt., the main points of which were received byielegrapta from New O.'Iw.hb last week. ' Oar space will not permit ds to give a summary of the intelligence, and ws therefore refer our readers to the particulars in an other part of ta-day's |>aper. The ?tar of the West pat in at4" lay West ter coal, whioL accounts for hsr protracted passage. Onr correspondent at Sin Jean relates the clr cuttr-tan-: - H attending attempt of a party of aa lives tor.urder Captain De Briscot, an AraMioan. Tbe town was thrown into a toirib'.e commotio a, and Captain De Erifisot and hifl fronds were ?bl?n?d to pl&oc tbemFc'vefc'unJer the .protection of Wheeler and Febcns, our Kicicter and Csosol, in order <o escape oertain death. Americans v?ore special}? marked oat for rohbsryanrt murder by the native-:. It was wportod ttiat a large number of negroen had resolved soon to attack the specio- Loat as it oame down ILe rivet. Ce&sol Fabsn* arrived id thie city last oveniug in the Star of the Weal, with itppatc'ies tcr the gevevament relative to the s?ate ?f affairs at San Juan. 'We shall probably sjoh bear of another bombardment and deatruotiSB of O-reytown. We have advices from KeyV5Veat to t ;e 27th alt. Kk tensive preparations were on foot for the r?ir jval of the Seminole Indians. Should Billy Bowlegs and hin heroes submit, quietly there will be no iteuble, bat if that cunuiug and euoerprisiog ahitftain takes the war path a long and ex pensive war is certain. Tbe speculators of the palmy days of Martin Van. Buten. and their imi tators, ate elated at the probpect of the renewal of the Florida war, with its fat pickings and profitable plunder. The Spanish Consul at Key West hae is frueu * notification that all vessels approaching the ccast of Cuba are liable to be overhauled by is en Of- war, and made to give a -good account of them sehes. In consequence of the aspsct ot affaire in Cuba, Com. Stribling, of the United Statse steam er Ban Jacinto, had abandoned his design of pio ?ceding to Philadelphia, and left for Havana on tbe 28th ult. The San Jacinto, it will be remembered, htrtLjufct returned an experimental trip to the Mediterranean, lier performance proved ect rely satisfactory. By an arrival ai New Orleans we have later news from the Kio Grande. General La Vega, the suv ?essor of General Woll, had arrived at Matamoras, said eiteted npon his duties as governor of the pro. aince. Tbe best feeling prevailed between the in habitants on both sides of tbe river. There were, however, rcmors of filibuster enterprises against Mexico, and it was reported that parties at Browns ville aiu Mo&teroy had raised a large sum of money to fit out an expedition under command o." the an. hiring C#rau*jal, who bad became somewhat rurty, not having lr.d a brush with his old enemies for a month or two. On one of the inside pages may be fonad several bills recently introduced into the Legislature of this State. They ate all of more or less importance to our citizens, and should be carefully scrutinized, in order that proper and seas mable efforts may be made to prevent ibeir bejomiag laws if they are ?nele?s or likely to prcve oppressive when enforced. Now that Cotgmabsa aojourned, it weald be well to keep a shaip look out for matters up at Albany. An sin-ay cccuired at the Planters' Hjtel, In St. Louis, on the 28th alt., between Deputy Marshal Benjamin P. Brand and Mr. Robert M. 0' Biennis, which t-ermirated in the former being kulei al most instantly by tbe discharge of a revolver In the hands of the latter. Bjth were armed with deadly weapons, and Brand is said to have been partially intoxicated. Ite Sardinian frigate Des Geseys arrived off Sandy Hook last stgbt. This veeael has on board a ?umber of persois said to be convict, about whom Major Wood and the Sardinian Minister have had considerable correspondency with reference to their beiiig permitted tp land en our shores. A r.gii in veetigatlon of tbe matter will no douat bs entered into. We are Inform* d from Albany that G'ne.-al De Peyster bas lei. the Adjutant-Geaeral's and that Rcbert H. Pxuj-n is to be appointed Lis sac UM T. The Minnecota railroad bill passed the Territorial Legislature on the 2 let ult, by a two-third vote over Governor German's veto. The proprietor of a itore in the Elgath aven&e was arrested by the police on Saturday n'.git on mspicion of arson. Tbe case wili be investigated by the Fire Marshal today, before Jostice Davis m. Both houses of the Rhode Island Legmiainre ad joorted aid closed tbe session at twelve u'c'-ock on tbe 3d iost An interesting acooant of the cm.litbn of affair* m the Ward of Cuba. derived frru s sectional ra cently arrived at Charleston from ilarar.., is gi?en Hk another column. Senator Fish, no v ia Havana, m said to have been very cojLy received by G?er'a Concha. A ?wious fire took pis e in Brookiyc yesterday nciurg, in wnici tvo boys, named Short, bt>ttnr#, wern destroyed in th i flames. Another I. other was so ditfelfalJy burned that bL> recovery Js hardly ex pte'.ed. Tfct cotMn market Saturday ww? quiet, the aa<es be?m coilr td to only about 500 a GOO hilee, prices c'utLg s'euif. T.our wai firta, with u ore doing. % Wbi'a Janaiau wheat, duiy pa*d,so'd at 12 45, and Soil hen do., ~*tfcer r?on^s, at 12 20. Tint Offi u 'JonHK^ro.vtiKiftB ? M.t, Sot.Lr. --According t-j car deepatch' ? from Washing ton, we are on th<i eve of a t^rrib'c explosion .l-ctftoen Mr. Soale and the admiaiatrniioa, ;tonching the resignation of his nii?:< n. Tbo 0*J?:n<l torrpspondciic^ Is sa!<t tj vryrics xtrj v-.'uniijj&UB L*tue Lave it. The Fag End of the TlUrty.UMrd Congress? eifwitng* or tb? g?Mion. It is defunct. The last feseion of the thirty third Congress has f'ctared out, and we spread the remit# before: th? country and the world in this paper. Cvar Hut of its acts and resolutions, public and. private, signed, sealed and deliver ed, is worthy of analysis. It involves an inter esting I'uiitHre of measures? good , bad and in different ? which, very probably, in the summing ?P? (though better than expected,) will leave Mr. Secretary Guthrie a proper subject for a decree "of insolvency. The cream of the session, as we expected, (see-OKir report) was concentrated in the last day, the third of March, whioh, according to the decision of the two houses, is the lougest day in the year, being at least of thirty-six hours duration. Among the most important ot the measures passed and approved are: ? The cwual appropriation bills, with a great variety of amendments, which we must neceet irrrty postpone for infection hereafter. 'fbc bill for revising our diplomatic and con sular system, including a large increase of the compensation of our principal ministers 8,brcr.d ? ??ood thing. T*\2 two bills for increasing the efficiency and improving the discipline of the Navy These reforms, if vvc mistake not, iiicludi a re tired list for superannuated officers, c.nd re ?we.rds and encouragements to the sailors and marines for good conduct, Ac. The new Bounty Land bHl, which no far ex ?trjiids a land bounty to the'heirs and descend ants of all the soldiers ot all the wtra, white and ludiwo, cf the United States, as, we are in formed, -will probably require some two hua dred millions of acres to satisfy its demand# This device takes the gwund from under the feet of our newly imported foreign population, and rwluecs the policy of free fame to the doc trinc of "America for the Americ&nc." The bill establishing a Court of Clc-ims. Time will determine whether this is a good move or anotiierGardiner operation. Perhaps it may wort well lor ayc?x ?r two. 1'fcc Texas Claim biK of seven aud a quarter milKone, to satisfy the demands of4hc creditors of Texas against ua. Texas will accept, and then most probably put in another claim, to cover deficiencies, of four or five millions. Amcag other things, four new regiments have been added to the army, (some Bpoils there)); a telegraphic line has been grant#** the Pacific, {humbug); a searching party Wfi beeu ordered for Doctor Kane in the Arctic regie ns; General Soott has been mcde a Lieu tenant General; the heirs of Gen. Be Kalb have beep provided for; Gen. Jackson's sword has been accepted from ifc^ heirs of Gen. .Armstrong; f mall notes have been abolished in the District of Columbia; and a 1411 has been paes?d fcnd ap proved regulating tfce transportation of pas tengcre in steamship* {suggested by the Arctic and lyther recent marine disasters). There has alt-o Iwen a resolution passed explanatory of | tho pin money to pages, messengers, &e., of the I two house8. Under .a violent construction of I this p'ui money item-of the session of '53-'4, the Kitchen Cabinet printers of the House laid claim to an extra compensation of $20,000, which Secretary Guthrie peremptorily refused to pay. as our readors will remembor. This explanatory resolutiou, we presume, signifies that Guthrie was right, and that Cushiug was no judge of the law. Another good act requires the prepayment of postages by stamps, in all cases, after the fust of January next, with a provision of addi tional care, in the post offices, of letters con taining remittances of money. Among the bills rejected are various patent extensions (good); various railroad land job bing sciemcB (still better); French spoliation!, five millions, vetoed, (good, perhaps, for the Southern market). The veto of the original Collins steamer appropriation has not resulted in the destruction of the line. The appropria tion is coutinued, reserving the discretion to the government to cancel the contract. With this, we tuppoee, Mr. Pierce will be satisfied for the present, and that the Collins company will concur. ? The House amendment reducing the tariff to an approximation to the policy of free trade ( lias alto failed, by a close vote in the Senate, not against the measure, but because of its being an irrelevant appendage to an appropria tion bill. The vote in both houses, however, upon this experimental test, foreshadows a de cisis e reduction of the tariff ttt the next session, by an ovci whelming majority. An abortive effort by Senator Douglas to proiide for the admission of Oregon as a State into the Union is significant of the revival of the old trouble of the slavery question upon tbe proposition of admitting any State into the contederacy hereafter. It must be compromised by the admission of a tree and a slave State to gether. We tee no other alternative for peace and harmony. Ujon the whole, as will appear from this re Cupitulatiou, this last seBiion of Congress has not been wi:hout its good results. The spoils men have realized something; bat they lnve been defeated in their largest operations. There has Wen a manifest disposition creeping into the two houses, from the great popular ground swell throughout the country, to do some thing in the way of wholesome and substan tial legislation. They have been hampered by the administration and its spoil" policy, and by the hopeless condition of the democracy; but at the next session we shall have a new Congress, fresh from the people, and more fully up to the ctward and progressive spirit of the times. Tbe few good things that have been done at the pre.-tLi session are bat the foretaste of belter things to come. The people are awake. The last Congress ol an exploded regim? has expired. The next will ^present the principles bi.d policy of the n'.w American revolution. Ttik t.ite Capet Aitointmest from mis Cm ? liy a law of Congress each member of that Kdy has the ri,jht, in rotation, to nomi rate whom he chooses to fill a vacancy, when it occurs, in the Military Academy at Wet Foin*.. Thelf>n. Hiram Waltridgc lately ex ercised this right, and it seems that he has adoo'fd a no^cl ard popular method of comply ing with ?be requisitions ol the law. Instead ol conferring the appointment on one of his fri?P'!s or partisans, as is usually doMt to dis placed a magnanimity beyond all pffvfous precedent, aid gsve it to that student in the New York Free Academy whom his fellow si adente mlgbt select. The students chose W?lt-r McKarland, of the frfhman cln?% ? a jouUi who fcas maintained a high rank ai a ?cb ilar, 'though he has been obliged to give private instruction to nopport fc!m*elf and his wide w<d m .>tKr Wc utd^rrtaod tbit on the recommendation ot Mr. Wallbridge the appoint ment has been confirmed. If other members of Congress and of ttie government would pursu9 a similar course, instead of selfishly scrambling for what they can get, it would be much more to their credit National Politic*? American Letter of Ueorge |,an- Anti-Slavery ManUtato of W. H. 8cwud. Did you ever see a horse race on Long Island? Did you ever seo the training f such a race, four mile heats, the anrje^ wjjf the sportsmen, the careful grooming f.^i?ug, exercibing aud rubbing down of the hon es? Did jou ever see the horses brought oirt in their jockies, prancing and snorting under their blanket#, Scry and elastic, " w f if the speed of thought were their limb ?? their tyea and nostrils dilated ? their every veili dis tended? hc?d and taK up, and straining far the start? Such is the training, an*?, suck the ex citements attending the entering of thj nagp. lor the Presidential bweep3taky i. Here we have the bom# careful grooming \ the feeing, rub bing down, exorcising, and close inspection by the sportsmefi atid thcjoe\iesot their particular favorites, preparatory to the run. around t!ie coarse. The informal entries for the ? great Dert?7 of '5C have tvmmenced. We putJiuh to-day the reply of George I aw to the late letter ad dressed to him on the subject of the present crisis in our political history by a number of membors of both houses of the Pennsylvania Legislature. We have h?,rd nothing farther in reference to a similar application from the Aswnibly of New JerBcy : but as his response here will, we doubt not, be substantially the same aB his letter furnished by our Uarrisburg correspondent, we may adopt this letter as his arjflwer to his American Wends in Ncwrfersey MJd all other quarters of the Union, who have desired, or may desire him to define his posi tion. By way of contrast, we also publish to day the new anti-Blavery manifesto of W. II. Seward, lately delivered in the'United States Senate, and boaBtingly paraded to the world by his two jockies of this city. This procla mation of George (Law and tfcie manifesto of Seward, exhibit most strikingly their peculiar ?points of muscle, wind, speed and bottom to the public eye, end the peculiar system of grooming and training by their respective owntrs, ostlers, and Bporting-partizaus. The first of these naga, it will bo seen, is frc-ih, mis culir, bold and Btraightlorward in his move ments? while the other has a sinister aspect, a suspicions gait, and betrays in his stealthy movements the "artful dodger" of the turl. I)r?#!ng the figure, and .proceeding to a ?critical comparison of these two Presidential 'documents, we find between them a contrast as striking as that between the rising and setting sun? the one presaging a long, bright, and wholesome day, the other threatening a Dight, daik, cloudy, stormy, and disastrous. Such is the contrast between this new American exposition of George Law, the great contractor, and this new anti-Blavery manifesto of W. H. Se ward, the great demagogue. Law is frank and clear in his views, and American and national to the backbone -Seward is crafty and insidious "citeping under the shadow of the wall," and disguising himself and nis fell designs under the lliinsy cloak of constitutional liberty and I philanthropy. The great contractor, dealing with politics as with dollars and cents, calls things by their right nanes. and without re serve chalks out his programme of practical reforms; the arch agitator, with the smoothness of hypocrisy, acd with a mocking show of can dor, walks modestly before as a veritable wolf in sheep's clothing. From that which is avowed by George Law, we fee that he is a man and an American ct the new epoch; from that which is withheld by Seward, we may detect the princi ples of agitation, Bedition and disunion which , He at the bottom of his legal flourishes and false pretences. Mr. Law heartily seconds this new and spon taneous revolutionary movement of the people, lie discards the rickety platforms of both the old defunct political parties -ho goes full length for a thorough reconstruction and reform ition ? he concurs in the popular movement against surpluses in the Treasury? hi urges a com plete reform in our public land system, and a decisive American foreign policy. He dis claims any desire or idea, in conjunction with the Know Nothings* of the wanton perse cution of Catholics and adopted citizens ; but i confesses, at the same time, his hostility to any movements of the e'ergy for monopoliz- , ing their church property, or any interference I of the priesthood or politicians with their flocks in our political elections. He advocates j the intermingling of all our adopted citizens in the homogeneous mass of the American people, not as Irish Americans, German Ame ricans, or American Cathoiics, but Bimply as American*. But above all. as a member of j this new American party, he fully adopts their j conservative Union policy, in opposition to all j sectional agitators, North and South. Such is the national platform of George Law. It stands out in bold relief, strong, beautiful and sym metrical us his High Bridge at Ilarlem, Mr. Seward, on the other hand, would nullify the execution of the constitution and laws, in crease the anti-slavery agitation, and, in every available form and device, subject cvor? thing wholesome, practic d and useful to the ultimate object of a breach between tbe North aud the ; South, and a violent disruption upon the ques- 1 (400 of slavery. He belongs only to two per- 1 suasions, both open? the one a Christian j church, and the other that piebild and ring streaked organization, known as tbe whig ; party. Yet he is the secret and stealthy ; leader of the anti-slavery agiUtors, and step 1 by step, seek* to accomplish that which that ; f ank and fearless traitor, Lloyd Garrison, pro claims frcro tbe hou.-etops? the dissolution of ' the Union. Such is tbe broad contrast between the letter | of Law and Seward's manifesto. Both thes?? men urc New Yorkers, and each is thus Informally in tbe lis1 s for the succession. There are two j other New York aspirants, Marcy and Dickin tcn.almost as widely different in their respective orbits as Seward and Law. The future will soon develop* the available i.ags for the raoe. , The American candidate, whether Law or some other man. bids fair to walk over the course, j Where Seward and bis partizans will Wing up ic very uncertain. In Pennsylvania, where this Georjre Law mowmeut has l>een started, they have just, in tie case of Cameron, given a qui, tns to the old fogies, the old partien, and all their old corrupt and tricky machinery The work must and will go on. This Utter of George Law will produoe a great sensation <ar and wide. It will operate to give ?hap?, ' CousisftiiCy and solidity to this new American j movement; stability ' . . ... liant triumph to It- ? ?? ? 1856. It 1b not ' - r~t oordloU principles in cenfnl buildr .? *???> ?t,er?11 hjDF ' ? railroads, c mala, bridges, and fubetanf 1 rtwmld. be able tt> build a found and ,<al political platform, adapted to thU ? . American movement nod the progressive F^' /ft cif the ?tpe. &cad Seward's manifesto, and then read the 1 1 letter of George Law. Seward tlirows him i'ato i 'fine relief. Sl'KCTfcL LKOI.SbA.TION AT AiJlASY. ? Tfc? IIoUHC of Assembly at Albany, by a large vote, and after -n very suspicious debate, lately passed a law "to organi-'e a special corporation or com pany for the manufacture and preservation of ice. During the debate, singular develope ments cook to light in the lobby, and members not un frequently stated tha; offers of stock 'were mat'.e to the gentlemac who spoke ia favor of tbe bill, with the view of iufiuenciag his vote. However, the bill passed the House, and in row before the Senate, and the question is whether the letter body will lead itself to 1'oeter this kindcf special legislation for a par ticular Ett of individuals, while there is a gentrul law Authorizing them to form them selves into a company for any legitimate buai mna they choose to purses. This is the first attempt on the part ef spc ? collators to restore that state of things which ?disgraced the Legislatures of former years, and ?caused a complete revolution in the State. If ?this ice business cannot be managed by able and discreet men without a special act iu their favor, there is no reason why the evil should not be remedied by amending the defects of the Jaw of 1848. Tte whole is, no doubt, a plan of- certain speculators to iesue stock, and then, palm it off at a premium upon the com munity. That the intelligent head of the As sembly should have permitted such an impudent interpolation on that body is surprising ; but we are satisfied that there is sufficient intelli gence end virtue in the Senate to arrest its progress. If there is no clause in the law of 1848 to authorise the formation of the com pany in question, let that law be suitably amended ; but let us have no more legislation for the benefit of particular persons ? no more special legislation to open the doors again to all kinds of corruption. TnK Claniucardk Case ? A Sthakoii Cuih cidenck? The British papers are full of ac counts of an extraordinary case which has re cently been tried in the Irish Court of Chan cery. It would appear from the statement of counsel, that some time ago, the Masquis of Clanricarde had a chtri amie in Ireland whom be persuaded a friend of hiB named Handcock to marry. Tbrae -daughters were the fruit of the marriage; but Handcock discovering that the Marquis and his wife were on too good terms, insisted on a separation. A year after wards a Bon was born to the trail Mrs. Hancock; and immediately the Marquis Bet to work to reconcile the husband and wife. He succeeded and Handcock nude a will in favor of his wife, and died. After him his three daughters, whom the Marquis had persuaded to make wills in favor of their -adopted" brother? namely Mrs. llaiidcock's youngest child? also died, after undergoing frightiul maltreatment at the hands of their mother. Grave buspiclon attaches to the manner of their deaths. When the case came into court, aDd the counsel narrated these acts, the family took the alarm, and a compro mise was fffected, so that no iovestigation took place. But the sensation caused by the dia closuie has not been without its effect on the present democratic feeling in England. It is not a little singular that the French re volution of 1848 was preceded by ju'.t such an export as this. The circumstances of the murder of a French duchess by her husb^nc the Duke of Praslin-Chorseul, the representative of one of the oldest and illustrious families of Fiance, arc fresh in the memory of our read ers. On that occaeion an outraged community compelled the law officers of the Crown to do their duty, and l'raslin Choiseul was arrested and held lor trial before the House of Peers; but before a week elapsed, it was given out by the organs of the Guizot administration that he had committed suicide in prison. The story was not believed. And the indignation aroused by the crime, heightened by the general belief that the nobility and the government had con spired to cheat justice of the offender, counted undoubtedly for much among the causcB which tapped the loyalty of the French people and facilitated the overthrow of Louis Philippe. i It is very difficult to say what turn affairs may take in England. At preeent. it is clear that the aristocracy are blii.dly unconscious of their danger, and continue to monopolize the j beet offices of state and the highest commands j of the army, though they have brought the for mer to the verge and plunged the latter into i the lowest depthB of ruin. When the day of reckoning comes, they will find that the enor- i mitieB of Clanricarde and other peerBbaveen gei dered among the masses a loathing for aris- j tocir>cy which may cost many a good man his : head. The Mayok and the Gambling Houses.? , Wm. O'Doi ntll, the keeper of the home in Third avenue where the police made a descent a Itw duys ago, on the suspicion that it was a gambling house has written a letter to the pa pejs to vindicate himself, and declares that bis ( establishment has never been a resort of gam bleis and that no gambling has been carried on there. As the pioBeeution wan dismissed by the Mayor, Mr. O'Donnell's statement Is appa rently true. Hut there is a higher point Bag gee ted by bis case than the character ot a sin gle house. For several days paBt we have hid accounts of tierce descents made by the police on gambling houses, lottery offices, and houses of ill repute. But strange to say in every in stance the establishments thus assailed have been obscure petty boles, of which no one had ever he*rd anything until they were made f *? m<>us by their suppression. How is this? Are there no longer any grand palaces of crime in New York, that the police are obliged to hunt out offenders In back slums and Third avenues? AbMird. The Mayor and the police kaow very well wheic the great gambling houses are : the plates where rich men? merchants, lawyers and stockholders? meet every evening to play their tbousai.ds an t where men arc ruined weekly - . nlmost daily. They know likewise where til" great lottery offices are? the establishments which feed and supply the small dens the police have been seizing. Nor are they unacquaint ed with ' the gorgeous temples of female vice. Yet. not one of these great estab lishments has been molested though the "efficient" police have been mik ing most valiant razzias In holes and corners, ' which are comparatively innocuous. There is some need of reform here. Either the Mayor means Uj put down gambling and lotteries, in earned; and If so be ought to attack the levia thar.B and not the small fry only: or these dc re'jnts of which we hear so much are only in tended to delude the public into a belief in the ' efficiency of the new city government. Mayor Wood and the police must choose one horn o the dilemma. ?Jhk Oteka Tuocbles. ? All the worll is at war. The Western Powers are at war with Kut*ia. The Asiatic tribes are at -war with the English. The people of England fight with their nobles. Political partem in the j United States are engaged in u (loath struggle. I Alvarez is battering away at Santa Anna. And to crown all, the members of the Opera company at the Academy of Marie are at war with each other. Indued, hostilities at the Academy, as the roader will parceive from an extraordinary bulletin elsewhere in theae col umns, have been carried to the extreme point i of an explosion ? an abrupt, unexpected, unfore seen, and most lamentable explosion. This is worse than Sobastopol. Santa Anna holds out better. Olc Dull must fall back upon his Penn sylvania farm or bra fiddle. Who comes next ? One of the ladieB who has recently been engaged to sing at the Opera, has sent us the following note and card. The former is appa rently a verbal criticism on our critique of her performance; and we have no objection to let Mudamc YeBtvali have her say. The latter speaks for itself. Additional cards may be ex pected on this Bubject : ? TO THE KDITOIl OP TIIE NEW YORK HERALD. 86 Fourth Avknck, March 2, 1855. Dkau Sir: ? la report upon my nppesran-je yesterday in the "Favorite," no just, that 1 muoerly sympathise with, you make an observation wbi;h in erroneous, by designating my performance of the role of l<eonora as "an ambitious eifort. " I feel myself obliged to make you acquainted with the fact, tbat by accepting this ri le, (for which 1 have been not engaged, being a Con tralto) 1 only foUowed the request of the manager Mr. Ole Hull, to whom it was impossible to put ano'.her opora in scene in so short a time, under present circumstances as I have not the honor, to be personally acquainted with you sir, I trust you will pardon my boldness, by in truding you with this few lines. Believe me, dear sir, with trne respect, yours mist truly FKLICITA VE-3TVAU. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HRRALD. Saturday Niunr. Dkau Sir? Will yon oblige an artiste in a strange Inn 1 by inserting the following lines, ? in order thut I may be justified in the eyes of tue public, which 1 only recog nize as those to whom I feel bouad to give an explana tion, concerning my non-appearance on Saturday eve ning in the Eaored Concert, In the Academy.? My engage ment at the Academy has been from the very first un Sleusant, by the obstacles thrown in my path by Mr. laretzek, who previous to my engagement did every thing to prevent it, and now wliea I am connected to the Academy he and his friends do everything that can be unpleasant to on artitle. Mr. Maretzek is th? musical director at the Academy, consequently, all musical nut ters belong to him lie asked me to sing a piece at the 'easred concert, which 1 handed to him, or the person he sent to me, in order ttiat he should have it prepared for tbe orclestre ? I was not able to get that piec>< initru mentated, and was waiting the whole of Saturday for instructions from the manager, but received noa. As Mr. Maretrek did not for some cause unknown to me, .prepare the said piece, or give me any information regarding it, I leave it to the public to judge, if it was in my power to sing or not? Mr. Maretzek bad probably prepared tbe speech which he delivered to the audience on Saturday evening, already no Tnursday, as he ka?w then perlectly well, I oould not sing without music ! I am happy to be in a country where wemen enjoy tbe (ante rip lite with men, in regard to self-defence, and 1 have the courago to unmask my enemy, and to defend myself wben I am most basely and causelessly attacked. If Mr. Ole Bull, the manager, had not been indisposed, 1 tTust that this unpleasant circumstance would have been avoided. Your obedient servant, | FEMCITA VE3TVAM. Yet look at the law. Some y carB ago, another opera was in ezisteu?e in this city, ami quar | rels broke out among tbe members of the compa i ny apparently similar to those which now disturb the family party in Fourteenth street. Almost ! the firstwe beard of the matter was a request ! from one of the lady singers, Madame Truffl, to publish a card in which the related her afflic tions and rated some of those with whom she was placcd in business intercourse. We could not refute to civil and simple a request : and straightway, other cards flowed in, and we were deluded with ncmands on our space by the bel ligerent vocalists. The cad of it was that hav ing tried all we could to satfsfy the exasperated artistes, and having furnished for our readers a faithful chronicle of what was going on, the manager Mr. Fry one day starts up, and says we have injured bim to the tbne of twenty thousand dollais. Stranger than all, a jury w hs actually found to award him half that sum; aiid if the wUe restraints of our judicial system had not enabled us to have this foolish verdict sit aside, we should have been fined ten thou f-and dollars for doing what Madame Veatvali, in her eaty ladylike way, requests us to do at the present time. We must take care. Ten thousand dollars is a large turn ; and detpl' our regard for the Italian t-ingers of both exes, we cannot afford to pay the piper for their quarrels. We will however, publish all we can ; and if more mana gers should call upon us to make amends for so doing, we can only pray that lleaven may fend ub a merciful jury atd a safe deliverance. More Fusion at Tammast. ? The Central Democratic Union has called a great fusion meeting, to lie held at Tammany Hall on Wed nesday night next. The design of the af fair, we presume, is to make arrangements for the succession in favor of Marcy. The list of speakers announced contains the names of numbers of Congress from all parts of the Union ? a perfect constellation of talent. The adjournment of Congress will make lively times among the New York politicians, and during this week onr city will be full of Southern statesmen. Illahop tvm? Corrertlnn, A rumor has been circulated by one of tbe city papers U at Eli-hop I vea. the recent convert to Catholicism, is at present in a state of extreme destitution, and that his rlrcumi tances are such that he is compelled to solicit alms for his dally sustenance. We are informed by reli able authority that thla report is utterly false. Dr. Ives is at p-esent, and has been almost since his return from kurope. occupying tbe summer residence of Arch bishop Hughes, sfManhattanville, wherein retirement he devotes bis time to literary labors. Marine Affairs. Tm BTKAiisinr Baltic, for Liverpool, will sail from her dock at eleven o'clock on Wednesday, the hour havin< beer changed, owing to the state of the tide-). IVaval Intelligence. Ike eteam Irifate Susquehanna left Valparairo, home ward bound, on the lAth i f January. She male the trip fiom Acapnia) to Valparaiso in nineteen days and f iur hours, being the shortest passage ever made between tbe two ports. United States District Court. 1'snel of petit Jurors in the I'nt'ed Mates District Court for tbe term commencing March 9, 1055. Com pensatitn t2 per day each. Ayres, Tssac W , Umirke, Henry, I'orbe. Ailoine, I'ougblon, Hura R. , Hlakeney, James 1.., Ball James R , (VddtiiKtnn, Jsmes, < l?ary, William, Ogge y, Willi* m J., fan man, Oswald, Clarke, i'av.d, Campbell, Archibald, Coi khite, Charles, Cinway. James. Cogswell, M? "? i Kghert. Henry, Klib'tt, Willi. m. fountain, Jothsm 8., Falconer, Kdward, Gilbert, Norrls W., (iallier, John, Oray'on. ?amnel, Howard, Charles H.. HaJenbeck, Ueorge W , liurry, r/iwarn. Johnson. Cornelius, I.ynes, William M,, Ijithrop, Charles I) , Leeds, Sam lei, Lulder, Martin. Livingston. I-ewis M , Lockhart. thomas. McDonald, Al"x in ier, Moore, Thomas M., Murphy, Nell Mount, Joseph E. , MnUord, James, Iteed, James, Rich, Solomon, Seaman Ilenry, Suther, James, Hch-rmerhorn, Oeorge J , White, James, Wood. Aaron P., Wood, Frederick, Woifenstein. Jacob, Wood, George fl., Wak?man, Uurr, TB? LATEST NEWS',. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Highly Interesting from W??hln(r'Mr; THIS COLLINS LINE STILL BAKE. Washington, Mar The Prrtfcleot'a veto of the Ocean Mr.vMaUaiusr Ap propriation MU has not completely Huc^eeded in iti pro feBsed object of extinguishing the line. Aa ap propriation for the Collins steamers up to the 80tn ul January, 1656, without notice, hut with an obligaUoa fcv huild an additional vessel, was at the last moment Uck ed on t? the Naval bill, and passed both bouses. As tee President will lianlly venture to veto the Ut'4> for tb? purpose of scotching the Collins appropriation, tlie line may be considered mte for the present. By itoi time the question turns up sgain, the influences broutitt to bear againtt it will probably be either neutralist* *r have oeared to exist. The Naval bill carries on its back another apprepr a tkm which is worthy of notice ? namely, that of a sum ?f , 1260,000 for the completion of the mysterious Km? Nothing steamship, or floating battery, which to ami has been for j ears, on the stocks in the Broo'il^ Navy Yard. As everything connected with the con-uruc tion of this vessel is carefully tept fcom the puUic there are uo means of judging as to bow far the exp.'n diture of this and other largo turns, are justided by ihait merits. AITPOINTMINTS CONFIRMED ? FIELD OFFICERS Oh ' TUB NEW REGIMENTS ? THE OFFICERS OF THti TiX k AS NAVY? THE OSTKND CONFERENCE DOCUMENTS. Washimuton, March 4, 1516. The following appointments were confirmed by the Senate to-day : ? I?rael D. Andrews, ol Maine, Consul General for t'of British Provinces? eon 11 rmed unanimously. Montgomery Blair, son of the former editor of tw Globe, confirmed, after great opposition, Solicitor ot ib? Board of Claims. J. Romaine Brodhead, of New York, Consul at Jap'.n. Joseph Minot, of New Hampshire, Fifth Auditor of '.I* Treasury, vice l'ltasanton, deceaiei. Field ofllcers in the four new regiments In the I>r goons ? To be Colonels? Brevet Col E U. Sumner, L;e n. Colonel 1st Dragoons; Major Albert P. Johnston, klaj'e. l'ay Department. To be Lieut. Colonels? Brevet Col. K E. Lee, Captain Engineers ; Brevet Lieut. Col. J. K Johnston, Capt. Top. Engineers. To be Majors ? iiroist Lieut. Colonel W. J. Ilardee, Capt. 2d Dragoons ; Bi.v*t Lieut. Col. Braxton liragg, Capt. 3d Artillery ; Major W. H. Emory, Capt. Top. Engineer t , Brevet Major Ben. McCullough, of Texas. Io the Infantry To be Colonels ? Brevet Colonel Wright, Lieutenant Colonel 4th Infantry; Brevet Lieut. Colonel Edmund B. Alexander, Major 8th Infan' ry. ? To be Lieut. Colonels? Brevet Colonel Charles I', rin.t* MsjoT 1st Artillery; Brevet Lieut. Colonel Silo* Ca-ny. Captain 2d Infantry. To be Majors? Brevet Lieut. Co'.immO W. H. T. Wslker, Captain fith Infantry; Brevet L'eit. Colonel Edward J. Steptoe, Captain 3d Artillery; BrevO. Lieut. Colonel E. R. S. Cmby, Captain Adjutant Uejer*, Department; Captain H. W. Benlmm, Englaee's. Nearly all the above are promotions. The cap'-tvia and lieutenants are to be appointed during tli?rec(?M. No nomination for BrigaCier General was sent in. Ihe pay of tbe oflicers of the Texan navy sinee tb? annexation to this time? Commodore Moon* and other f ? inserted by tbe Senate in tbe Navy Appropriaties* bill was killed in Conference Comra ttee. The appropria tion ^of thirty four thousand dollars for the roynwitil. at tbe late Mtmp'xis Navy Yard, as well as the proposi tion for purchase of a lite for a naval runde/.vous n ar New Orleans, shared a similar disastrous fate. Ihe Secretary of the Navy i? authorized to receive balsnce dock at Pensacola from Gilbert, Secor kCo , <4 New York, upon certain conditions. Ilie Ostend Conference documents sent in yeste'vlav arc very voluminous, but it has been impossible to o:> tain (ven a glance at them from the Clerk of the House It is probable that the most interesting docucMnt* con necttd with this afiairhave been suppressed. The injunction of se;resy has been removed from tit Senate proceedings on the President's power to rera?*? Territorial Judges. MR. SOCLE AMD TBI ADMINISTRATION? HIS RE A SO**. FOR RESIGNING TUE SPANISH MISSION. The Soul. Cuban correspondence, including the sug gestions of the Ostend Conference, have been soot ta. Soule's conduct h?s been consistent, firm and diguittnd whilst the administration have been weak, wavering ant treacherous. Soulc's letter of resignation is peculiar >u its tone and character, and very much in keeping wUb the haughty temper of the writer. He says that be "re signs because of his being left no other alternative but that of continuing to linger at his post In Ungual im potence, or to surrender a trust which, with tie impe diments thrown in tbe way of its execution, he can nt longerkdischarge either to the satisfaction of the govern mi nt or to his own credit." Interesting from the Rio Grande. CoLl'MBIA, Mtrch 4, lSj.V We Lave the New Orleans paper* of Tuesday bit, which contain later advice* from Brazon, per the Kt?ia< er Nautilus, which brought fifty thousand dollars lr *p< cie, consigned to parties in New Or lean*. The Brownsville Flag *tate* that the merchant a of that city are uuderstcod to hare *ubs:ribeJ $00,000 to fit out ? filibustering expedition against Mexico, umV-r Caravsjal, and it ia added that the citizen* of Monterey have pledged the nr. helves to raise (4,000 more fur a i-i ? purpo*e ? this, however, ia denied, and sinoe the arrival of Geo. Vega, the beat of feeling had prevailed betw *i? the inhabitant! of Brownsville, Matamoras, &c. Terrific Ralirmd Accident. Syracitm, March 4, lctr.. The I ocomotive Essex, of the Cincinnati express train, which left Buffalo at 11 o'clock !a*t night, when a nth - west of 1 jons, at about 3 o'clock thi* morning, explvl ed, seriously acalding and otherwise injuring the engi neer, Mr. James Day, and th* fireman, Thoma* Ar.nm^o* Jr., waa thrown some four rod* Into a ditch, and wan m. badly scalded that hi* recovery i* considered dcub%fal. The cars were under full headway at the tint* of tiv* ??* after, but we do not learn of any other persou he m teiioualy injured. From the Bontli. COLiitm*, March 4, 1WV The Mayor of New Orleaas ha* called the attic' k* ??r the city goverbment to the great danger the oity I* ei poMd to firm the spring flood*, and ask* for j'rompt action to avert the impending danger. A resolution has been introduced int > the lAfioUJt ir* of I.oul*iana to revoke the invitation to John Mltchel visit the capital. The reaolution wa* laid on the U>lo. We learn from Charleston that Ixtnis Trapraai, ? prominent merchant of that city, died on Friday I Aft. Conviction for Murder at Troy. Trov, March 3, V?Ao . The trial of McMahon for murdering hu wife w*s eot> eluded here to day. The jnry found him guilty afVir '*> ing oat five hour*. He will be sentenced on morning. Market*. Proyidcjci, M*r-h 3, 1S.1S. Cotton ha* been in activ* demand throughout t!?e wi-ek... and the demand closes with a tlrm feeling in the mar.vL Wool.? The market i* bare of tieece : the vale* Urr tl.e weet foot 41,000 lb*. Printing Cloths.? The/o i* i>< change to report ia th? market ; the atle* ef tbe have amounted to "3,700 piece*. Dramatic and Muelral Matter*. Ibe past week ha* been fruitful in novelties. ?'?* b* Broadway thiatre we have bad a rew fire act ?' The Kf yptian," two ilrbuti and two benefit*; at ii* Opera, an o>d f.pera with n*warti*ts; at Wallrch's Mr Centlltre's '? Bu?j Ikdy;" at Burton'*, a pet it t pirx """ called " The II aok Swan " The Hebrew tvnr voTent Societies ieoe|v?d quite an accession t?> rt*-ir fund* from the proced* of tbe excellent concert at Nibto'i on Tue*day. Miss Caroline I^lumo'i ocn-ei". at the ?ame place, o# .Saturday night, wa* well att*nled the "Black Swan" ha* given two concri* at the Tihe? i. iicie. Thus the week ha* been a very busy cae. Ta' ? attendance at th* regular theatre* ha* b?'et- 91 ??! lent. The Pail* paper* say that Brignoli, the tea" who ha* beene engaged by ?tra'*o?<.h h ''*? for the Academy, bad the rant tempting offers, and flu' ly accepted sixty thousand fraor* for a year, wirH * benefit! The expenies of the Italian opera sua*. enormous while such salari** as these are paid IV.fc' H, $1,000 per imntb Veetvall, $"00. Bertulcl War*.*** $600; Petti "trakoach, $4w. These salarle* *re m i > higher thin those paid to the best artist* at tbe Ear" pean opera hon*e*, and It ie alm'.et ImposelMe for tie opera to be pecuniarily successful under such a pee* ? ore. N. 11.? In our -oleums may be foae< an announcement of thecleeing of the Academy. *l?i baa fallen out now ? Mr. VUman il evpe-te-1 to arrive In th* Pacific, wttr^ Brembriiln, I ^grange, and Caradort, win ire en(ag*sl le?

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