Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 9, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 9, 1855 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

-Mid more is their orbit* road the imt ??tnl m 0t the I'nicn, even if the groat luminary of Virginia sbcuki be withdraw* . Bat there It no danger of Vir ginia baring the Union. She hu got two or three han dled pledgee to the Union In the persons of come of "the trot families of Virginia," fading at the public orib in tie city of Wash in* ton, and while they remain Virginia will belong to the Union. (Laughter.) Gentlemen, the slaveholders cannot be driven oat of the Union. If this Union were broken to day into 347,000 fragment*, and one of the 347,000 slaveholders on each fragment. (I aegbter ) Slaveholders know that the great doctrines of anti slavery wonla reach them? that they cannot hide from these doctrines. For this reason they wish to re main in the Union, and by the Union to govern and di rect the policy of the country. Let us take the govern, ment of the country, as we have the power to do it, con trol and direct its policy, and establish the policy of free dom . and the slaveholders of the South will quietly sub mit to be ruled by a majority of the country. At any mte, let anti ala very men of all parties see to it, that whenever and wherever, and however we may be called mpon to act, we shall give our voioe and our vote to freedom and free institutions for all, and chains and fet ters for none. (Loud applause.) The company was treatM to another dose of minstrel ay, and then separated. AMERICAN AND FOREIGN ANTtSL AVERY SOCIETY. The annual meeting of the American and Foreign Asti SBavery Society was held at the uociety's room*, at nine ?'eleek yesterday morning. Annexed is an abstract of the annual report:? Allutien is made to the large number of books and tracts tkat have been published by the society; the establishment ?f the National Em by the Educational Committee, which was subsequently sold to the ptexent proprietor. In. Bailey; the liberation of the Amis' ail Africans, and the establish ment of the Mendi Mission i under the auspices of the Ameri can Missionary Association), which were brought about un der the lnflaenee of the ccmmittee; and the various measures that hav? been adopted in furtherance of the cause. The ef forts of the society, it is said, have been devoted to carrying o*t the great principles of the American Anti- Slavery So ciety, as promulgated at Philadelphia on the 4th of Becem ker, 1838, on Christian principles, until higher aims are de manded by the exigetotes of the cause. A large portion of the society and of the committee are now impressed with the ballet that more direet et'orts thou Id be made than hereto fore for the abolition of slavery in the United States; and that the sinfulness, illegality and unconstitutionality of American slavery should be more extensively inculcated. Al lusion is alto made to the establishment of a new socicty, entitled " The Abolition Society of New York City and Vi cinity," having the mine object* in vi?w. The report states, la conclusion, that the only hope for the peaeetul abolition of slavery seems to rest in tns at option of such principles as ?te foregoing, with corresponding action by the people of tho country. If they prevail there is hope, but ii they fail there ic little expectation of anything effectual being accomplished by the present generation in brintiing to an end the most ac cursed system of iniquity that disgraces this oountry, and isisults the living Cod, in tho person of the poor oppressed slaves ol the land. , m .. After a few remarks from several of those present, the meeting adjourned. NATIONAL COUNCIL OP COLORED PEOPLE IN CONVENTION. AMALGAMATION t akxn into SERIOUS CONSIDER A* *IOM? BKBATii ON THK INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL PRO JECT. The second annual convention of th? National Council of Colored People; commenced its session yesterday, at noon, in Dr. Pennington's church, corner of Prince and Marion streets. llie attendance was limited to about twenty persons? including the President, delegates and spectators. Two colored ladles only grac?d the assem WH e ? the incle mency of the weather, no doubt, pre venting the appearance of the fair sex at the conven. tea. The delegates present at the opening of the con vention were: ? Dr. J. Mc. June Smith, President, Frederick Douglass, Philip A . Bell, Ed. V. Clark, James C. Brown, John D. Still, Stephen Myers, of New York; George T. Downing, of Bhode Island; John D. Bonner, of Illinois; Stephen Smith and Franklin Turner, of Pennsylvania, lota)? 11. At 12>f o'clock the convention was called to order by Ike President, who addressed the meeting upon the object for which it was convened, at some length. He ?tated that in the month of October, 1863, it was determined at Rochester among his colored brethren to organise a national council, composed of delegates from every free State in the I'nion. The object of this or ganization was to improve the condition of the colored mee on this continent, cot only politically, but morally and socially. That the colored man was fit to occupy any position in society, he had not the slightest doubt; bnt there was one thing that was all important to their interest, which was the establishment of a large indus trial school, where all tiie arts and scienoes of the age night be imparted to the colored youth. He anew very wall that there was a prejudice existing against the employment of colored men in the workshops of the whites; but this objection could easily be overcome if the colored race would only, by industry and perse verance, excel in mechanical occupations, and to this end there should be industrial school* estahlished all over the country, from where could graduate the very heat artisans, writers and artists that tbe age could boast of. Dr. bMiTH spoke at some length upon the rapid im provements mace by the colored race in the free States in nil the arte appertaining to a civUizel community, and was of opinion that in a lew smrt years all th*t eeuld be desired in the way of advancement would be obtained, if the coloied people themselves would only take an inLemt In their own welfare. Their imparlance as a race had increased wonderfully since 1824, (when .xTfea first covvention of tree colored people was held in this city,) and he felt perfectly certain that tbe day was not far distant when ail tne wor>d would acknowledge the colortd man as an equal of the white in every re ?poet. In the absence of the regular secretary. Mr. George T. Downing was appointed to that office. On motion, those present lrom the Ne w York State Council were admitted to feats as Honor* ry members A business committee, consisting of Frederic* Itoug lass, Franklin Turner, and John D. Bonner, was then appointed by the chair. There being no business before the body, by way of amusement the' constitution of the Council, alopted seme two years ago at Koci>e?ter, was read by the Secretary. Mr. Mykrs asked tbe chair for information in regard to the number of States that had organized state Osancils. The Chair stated that the States of New York, Massa chusetts, Concecticut, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Rhode Island, and Michigan, nad councils. Mr. Myrks did not see why all states should not be vepresented. There should be a travelling agent em ployed, whose business it would be t<> establish councils in every tree State in tbe ? nion. Tne Know Nothings had established their councils in almost every section of the country in a very short time, and he thought the ooloted people might be a little mere progressrve In their movements, and thoroughly organ. .e councils all over the free States. The business committee here entered tbe room, and reported that they bed nothing to report*! prewnt; bat heped before the close of the session to present some thing to the Council. Mr. Bon.vkk then read the report of the Committee on the " Manual labor School" ? Fred I'oi class made some remarks npon tbe plan of esiablirhing an industrial school for toe purpose of giving the colored masses a practical education, and tending to elevate the colored man. He hoped tbe report would not be adopted inntauter, so that it might be ttie subject of several discussions. Dr. Pbvmxotmi did not, for his part, think that the mdastrial school should bt confined to tne admission of ootered people only. He did not bear any maliee to wards Cher races, and would be better pleased to see aa industrial college where all people? the masses ? OhM be instructed, than to nee on? exclusively con Heed to colored people. He bad been educated near Yale College, bnt would not be atm'tted as a member of that institution, although he received many substantial benefits from the college, for which he was thankful. He determined, however, If be could not obtain an odneation at Yale College, to get it somewhere else. The education he so dearly prized he dstermined, as as he lived, to impart to his fellow men One of the brethren asked how much this industrial college would cost. The CBiiKMAN announced that 933,000 would serve to oovplete aud carry out tbe enterprise. Mr Clark said it would be a very foolish thing to e s tahHsh a meehan>al school, as there was too great a prejudice against colored men In the w?rKshop< of tbe white men for the colored men to fully enjoy the benefit that they ought. He hoped that th??e that had money saved up would use the same in establishing themselves tn haslness, instead of being porters and waiters, as they bow are. If all those who bad morey would only ex pend It as thev should, why there would be manufac torlos, warehouses, vessels and steamboats, with co lored men at the bsad. Mr. Mm*. in reply to Mr. Clark, said that without a practical education there could be no hope of the pro Br advancement of tbe colored race. It has now been By established that there are quite so good mechanics, ?raters, lawyers, editors and writers among tbe colored people of tuts country as any the white rare ean bOMt of He really believed that there were colored men now alive in this country who were competent te till the highest political offl ;es In the gift of the people. Aye, he had not the slightest doubt but what he couM ntm* a celored man who would fill the office ef President of the United States better than Franklin Pleres. (Ore*', sensation . confined to 12 persons.) Mr. DotJOLAcs said, tf any one of the Council could ?how htm bow the doors of the white man s workshops wonld be opened to colored children, he would he vry CI to hear bim give expression to his opinions. For part, be was satisfied of the vast importance of the ladnstrial school. The colored man. now the object of prejudice, would rise In the estimation of his fellow men an til all were equal in an intellectual, social and morai point of view. Mr. Dr-mi* doubted whether the colored children could he brought to attend to an Industrial school. He sup posed that the State Councils could set up schools of their own at a small expense, which would answer all the purposes of a college or industrial schoil erected at a large expense, which would, in every probability, prove aa entire failure. He would be very glad to see an In dustrial college, provided it would su'soeed; but he thought State schools would answer better, and be more economical. Mr. Topp of Albany, bas taken a deep interest la the project, and was fully satisfied that some definite in quiries should be made aa to the probable likelihood of ootered persons obtaining employment, even though they ?hould receive a good mechanical education. There was ? prejudice against the col-yred people as mechanics; be sides this, he thought there were no vacancies for addi tional workmen, more especially when the color of their ?kin wae sable. They should consider the object with ?stich care, decide upon the point for its erection, and obtain such Information In regard to the matter as w >nld throw all doubts of failure to the wind. He would Jfce to see some statistical works on the plan proposed. He knew Ttty v*D Ami he had to refuse the admittance of colored boy* into hi* shop M apprentice#? (Mr . Topp ia a boee tailor) ? the whit* men refusing to work if he would admit eolored youths to hli place o( business. Mr. Downido thought that all thoao little difficulties ?hoald be otwcoim. He knew of caeee where colored men, were at flrit refused admittance to workshop* of the whites, but by resolution they succeeded in establishing themselves fully in the confidence of both the employers and the employed. In the large machine shop of Mr. Norria, in Philadelphia, one or the principal men em ployed by him was a colored man. He was refused ad mittance tome years ago to the factory by the workmen, but Mr. Norris being reeolute, the colored man was re tained in the establishment, and it now in a fair way to beoome the foreman of the entire shop. Dr. Pknuinuton would like to see a school established where the white as well as the oolored youth wonld re oeive a good education. He wonld not like to see the ichocl confined exclusively to the culture of the colored race, bat would be in favor of inviting white folks to join with tbem in the noble enterprise Mr Bkowx, of Etanira, hoped ftie report would be adopted, as there was nothing so important to the well being of the colored nice as an industrial college. A motion was here made to adjourn until 7 J* o'clock. Mr. Oowmimo then said they might meet earlier, so that they could go to the Metropolitan theatre to hear the proceedings of the Anti-Slavery Society, but his idea# were complete y overruled, as the body moved to adjourn until 1% o'clock P. M. SABBATH SCHOOLS CELEBRATION. The New York Susday School Union fixed upon yes terday for its annual celebration, whioh was held in'the vsrious churches selected for the purpose. The day throughout was nnprepitious for the festive display, and its gloominess cast a shadow of disappoint ment over many a young heart, that for months put throbbed in joyous anticipation of the advent of that occasion, which, for the previous twelve months, was lenged and looked for as the diet fata, and for the en suing year was to be the day, the recollection of which should ''be marked with a white stone." In vain were the ehoicest and brightest flower* culled and wreathed ? In vain did the tender and tasteful hand of a fond mo ther or sister deeorate the youthful and cherished one. "The garlands were of faded flowers, More fit for sorrow, for age, than glee," For that natural and predominant feature of the youth ful character was not fully gratified? -an opportunity for display, which a procession affords. The number of school* represented at the different churehea, wan as follow*: ? Schools. Broadway Tabernacle 17 Maiket street church 10 Dr. Cone'* church 9 Dr. Hatfield's church 10 Baptist Tabernacle 8 Dr. Smith's church 8 Dr. Parker'* church 11 Baptist chureh, Fifteenth street 8 Asi>. Reformed Presbyterian church, Twenty- fifth at, 7 Calvary Baptist church 11 Dr. Hutton's church, Washington square 10 Total 10a lespite the unseasonable weather, a full complement fiom each school was in attendance, numbering in the aggregate about 25,000 children, whose conQuct and deportment bore strong evidenoe to the fact that they were well trained, enjoyed the benefit of constant in structions. had before them set whom salutary reprimands were administered wnen rns SEa." sssri rsrr;.;s the other courses, either cence or liarah and iU timed chastisement, are ever pernicious in their effects. Among the many jrell clad and gaily dressed children we were pained to see.insle ment though the day was, many poor gins ^re leiiged upon wiose youthful visages was <jf Dovertv and premature care. The exercise* were unilwmly Commenced at 3 PMthroughout tto The programme, with very slight variation, was fol lowec by all the Union, and consisted chiefly of singing ?>. S-W. ???* Fourteenth street and Second avenue, there wa* a good nunjfcer prfsent^ Remarks suitable to th. l ooaas.on were delivered by Rev. Dr. omith and Mx. J?""; . .. Rev l>r Bakkr, of Williamsburg, addiessed the cliil er?%boutV?60 'in number, assembled in Dr. Lathro/s Ksntist Tabernacle church, Second avenue. , . . The celebration at the Tabernacle was rroder^ i^er ertlng by the simple and famil'tr address of Rv. srs; ft ? as. h??; ?' >?? same time interesting, to children of the moit tender years. The speaker, by a series of pleasant a wl fami liar illustrations, di<5 not allow h era to flait during the course of his remarit*, wui-a iormed the chief teatura of the afternoon exercises, at the close of which the children and audience separitad. The annual meeting ot the New *ora tunday *>lool Union was held at the Broadway labernacle, at 7^ P. 11. The house waa well filled by the patrons and ad ^At'thehour ipprtnted.%ev. Isaac Fe?rU,D. D., Chan ceUor of the Nev? York Univentty, to A ?T?rp:R(fi ol tbe tTOD'DK comxnenc&d with an introuQC tory piece perloroed by th. Tabernacle obofr, after which an impressive prayer was pronoun *4 by Rev. ^The uuuuus mad*1 some brief remark*, in whljhhe eowraVutated thTpatrens of the Sunday ^boolUn.on u^n the cheering nature of their meeting on , tbe p? per t occasion. Ue said that the pist year *?? with rLoie signal succeis than any pi^adl^igy ear Th? field lie said was an interesting and wide one lor the Sabbaih j'chtol laborer. He urged them ^ in the trcod work whose mults were so beneilcial Thu 'ZjSXSSaiZ i by ?? Mr McEilicott lrom which we glean the ioiiow ?*? .duties -The whole number of school* in the union i* 192, of which 116 sent in their aoQU^l re ports to vUe present ^ing. 'n siipi is 10,840, the number ot female 12><??> ^lnf V *1 the ?2 StU oubils. The average attendance during the vo'.ume* in the libraries belonging to the schools i. * V."r I>r Baker of the Williamsburg Baptist church, addrei Md'the mwVag. He held forth *iB forcible .terms tlie inltuence, b? nign in its cnaracter and beneficial in its results which the Sabbath scbeol possesses over the miml ot youth. The speaker entered into a very length ? ed statement of his own carear and labors, which con ?"??tr Col wSES.. * ?? <a tiod. Its influence was *xUnded, not only w what sor* tf an taacation uboulil a human ^>ein8 ? ? ;?S3? s ? "T'x "vfi1 wrSvEr c'nwmln.tion T The .p..kei ?rho?l svsum with that pursued In the Girard oonege, lrom which religion and its ministera are exaluled, a:id in the library oi which there are tofldel worka enougn to Umin&to tbe very archives of heaven. He wa^ a favor of the Sundaj nchool, it wan a forestall \r (r infltitntion It t?K?b the work in tbe nick of tim-j, and forestalled the world and Satan. It is also a prev.n tive institution. It saves wen from a life of crime, it ??reserves them from a death of ignominy. It I* the gymnasium of the child, which cembine* *1' Chr^? virtue* in one. It is the recruiting depot of the chareh of Christ. How mnny minister* of the lo'P'Jr many noble men and women? have eprung eut fi<,R*v Mr Ttng, of l'biladelphla, the representative ofthe parent society, next addreased the mee^ing at some length, In which lie showed that th# Sunlar School I nion was a grand missionary and publis hing institution, which seeks to preachthegospeltothat verv class of whom the Saviour said, "of such is the kingdom of Heaven. ' The social, moral and tral improvement of our land, resulting from the San day Pcbool I nion , could not be estimated. The wealth of the country, he said, did not MiiW >n lti ^ ^ sources, its conmeroe or ibipping, or materul TloM*? hut in the living mind of the children Of the land. Those who are perhaps to honor tbe country, in a comtng age, Ire MM brought up in our Sabbath school, ft. re commsnced, instead of tbe dissenslon.w^ohnowuu happUy PreT',,hu^? riiSt'o1?0 acting ^ pleased* At the close of the mseting. the following lUt oMhet^Jloers sic tad for the year 1856, waaread; Rev. Isaac Ferris, P. D., Presulent. no PKJsaiDKrra. Thoma. Purser, WmGhauncey, T? R?Hurd Jamea^lcKeen, William Winte'rton, A. Woodrnff William Lihbey, Treasurer. Jsmes N. McEilicott, Corresponding Secretary. Nathan Lane, Recording ^7^*' ?<, ecn4i. Twenty five managers were also announced tUA(ter* th 'doxology and benediction, the meeting dis period. AMERICAN AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. The eighteenth anniversary of the above Society wan held peiterday, in the Firet Baptiet churah, corner of Kainau and Liberty etreeta, Brooklyn. Notwithstanding the severity of the morning there waa a large attend ance of clergymen ami lay delegate*. A rery few la<llea were prevent. . An organisation waa effected at halfpast 10 o'elojk A. M., when the meeting wax called to order by the Rev. Dr. Welch. The three handred and ninety ?i*th hymn wm flrit'anng by the brethren; after which the R?f. Mr. Hani mob, of PenniyWant*, gave a prayer. Rer. Or. Chick, of MaaeathueetU, next read the one hundred and nineteenth I'mIb, and other m lection* from the Bible. After thU the m inn tee of the last neeelon? held in Philadelphia m May, 1864? were read by Itr. Warren Carter, of New Yert. Ik* convention then proceeded to the election of officer*. It ni moved that the nsminatioa proceed from the Chair. Rev. Dr. Welch named Are gentlemen a a nominating committee, rii? Messrs. Todd, Maaon, J. L. Thorpe. M. M. Dean, and 8. J. Drake. The treasurer's leport wai next called for Be*. Dr. Babcock, Corresponding Secretary, moved that the original report of the Baildmg Committee an pointed in 1?52, be read, which was done, by Mr. John M. Buret., Jr., as follows:? jo TH* AMKBICAN AND FORKION BIBLI SOOBTT'. The oonaittM appointed by thi sociotv an th? nth at April. JKMi, to procure premises for the use of the sooietv respectfully pretent their final report:? sooiety. In January, 18(0, tbe property knows as Nos. lli and 117 Nassau street, was purchased at SM.OOO, and the soolety en tered upon the oecupaaey on tbe 2d day of Hay in that year WM *??* ww satisfactory .but the building then upon it was inconvenient for tho occupation of tbe society, and not available fer the production of any income. The erection of a new building being generally acceded to as desirable, tbe responsibility and charge of oon ??**& hVX V estate oommittee, ! ?( Managers, with tbe concurrenoe wJgr,Vo7vourtr?,mm,ht Ee**" PWt'CUl*r" "*ted * furm" i^? b?,n 00?Pleted. The servioes appropn ate toitsoTOnlng were held in the building in Septeu bsf iV.V. At ft* "opnwoement ot the inooining finanoiai year k .iiu? I' 'i * '"d 'htjwlvet ii full possession of the building, entirely completed, and its surplus rooms almost whollv rented and producing an ineome. The present is therefore an appropriate season tor the final report of the committee, that they have secured "premises in an sligible location in this eity for the use of the society. " According to the wish of the doners, the committee have made oertain provisions in reforonoe to the property, which were made public at the time; the principal one o I which J" ?h?ul<J be furnished to oertain other soeie ties of the denomination. The proper tender under this pr0. i V11 K" ^ueQ m*de hy the Board of Managers and ac eeptcd by the American Baptist Home Mission Society and thoAmerioan Baptist 1'ubllcation Society. LAsVc."l,H0"OB,of the- new building has been under the ? fi t *te Committee of the Board. They have reported 2 * .u"*rd that stores and offices in tbe budding. not need ed for tho accommodation of this and the other societies. routed to the amount or $ll,y?, and that the of the r?oma yet to be rented is placed at ?M0, and also, that they propose to make up their final :rsx?,\?;rsot of tLe buildin*- m ?f th? The special duty of this oommittee has been to make the original purchase of the property, and to raise and oollect p r J?. P?7.fo5 the ""l8- Th? acoounts thereor have been audited to this date, and show the total original cost of the property, including taxes, insuranoe and other expenses incurred in relation thereto, at $88,070 81. The sub fcripUont have been completed in amount to $55 000 bv ?d'fhe.?nmnfU^^l55a<SbtorM e7v ofwhioh b" eolies/ ed the sum of !MJ,(K>6 its, subject to an interest acoount and ??v ?Se rfif.V'Vti ?our 00mmitt?? do not think it neoes tarv to delay publication on account of uncalled for snb IoclSt?n,,Tif ?S>ay.b* left t0 the Prootr offloersofthe society. They therefore recommend that their finanoiai aceonnts, the or. Use -Ion ot the residue of mbsoription and ajcrs businosa, be referred to the Board of Maa Tbe committee congratulate tbe society upon the aooom plisliinent of the work oonttded to them in proouting a pro rS'i'JS' nVl> the society? a building given to them by their friends, with sneb a general and wide spread oo opera tion, and for objects dear to every friend of the Bible. Yet they cannot omit to urge upon the friends of the soeiety the feteSK, PVment of tb0 subscript ion r ?till remaining uncollected, and of making suoh additional nrim ofth. Im/m? necostary to pay in addition to tbe price of the land the expenses above stated, that the orici denomination1"*' be the entire and complete work of the The grounds and reasons for suoh an interest as is invoked neod no argument from us. Tho considerations and pro mised advantages which urged us to this work have become realised, and we can point to them as-faots whioh now bear prise ?Wn evi e value and importance of the enter uur purpose has been to sustain and establish a soolety whose object It is to distribute the word of God to the hu man race, an object as broad and as lasting as the world and divinely appointed as the means ot hearing and of faith. On clone view of the origin and history of this Bible House, we can all unite in our acknowledgments ot the Divine good aess whioh has guided and blessed us in completing a work in which we have no other Intention than a humble desiro for the extension of the knowledge of his word, and for his glory. Respectfully submitted, . ? T, . ? s- p- TOWKSBND, Chairman. John M. Bruce, Jr. Secretary. Ibe report was referred, for consideration and remark to u special committee, consisting of Brothers Garett' Harrison, and Durbrook. ' ? A call was again made for tbe Treasurer's report, when tbe President announced that it would be read at an afternoon sesiion. Members then entered into a mutual conference on the gei.eral duties of individual members, tbe exertion* of tbe body during the past year, and the great results flowing therefrom. The President commenced bj tbank ing members for the honor they had done bim in placinr P??ent position, and regretted his inability iCi;it,v"f^r?U. d wi,L the past year the wai somewhat crippled by the commercial difficulties of the season, and consequently the financial report waa not as satisfactory as could be wished . He trusted that the next would be more cheer - witii fresh'xeal d r?turn t0 their charges animated The Nominating Committee then reported tbe list of names of the clerical and lay brothers proposed for offi cer*- The report w ?s accepted, and number* proceeded xnously rhe Showing were elected unani President ? Rev. Dr. Welch (one vear. ) i iVi ? rr;'id*nte? Kev. E. 1-athiop, M.Y.: Hon. I. Darli, i.' . D ? Mass.; Isaac Newton, Esq., N. Y. ; Rev. Silse lUiley, D. D., Indiana: Hon. Anthony Cjlby, N. H.: 8. Son18?1*' i, * D"' EzU. Fisbir, Oregon; Hon. J. H. Duncan, Maee ; Bev. George J. Johnson, Iowa; Rev John M. Pe?k,D. D., lUlnoie; Mr. Nathaniel CoWer, Michigan; W. W. Todd. Esq., N. Y.; Rev. Alexia Oiswell, D. D., R. 1. ; Rev. R A. Fyfe, Wisconsin; John M. Bruce, Esq , N. Y. ; Rev. R. E. Pattison, D. D., Me.; ^iv. Alvah ?abin, Vt,; Hon. Ira Harris, LL. D , N. y. T,- McPherson, Esq , Missouri; M. B. Anderson, LI.. I)., N. Y.; Rev. Benjamin Biierly, California; Albert Day, Esq., Conn. : Key. T. R. Cressy. Minnesota; John Dowiey, hsq , N. V. ; Hon. J. M. Unnard, Penn^ 8 P lownsend, Esq., N: Y. ; Hon. Peter P. rfunjon, N. J. V,?Tr' E"9-' N" Y-> Prof. K Turney Ohio,' and Judge Dunlevy. ' Corre?poodipg Secretary? Rev. Rufus Babcock D D (one jut). ' General Agnt and Financial Secretary? Rev. J. J Wcolsey. Keccrding Secretary? Warren Carter, Esq. (one year). Treasurer? Nathan C. l'latt, Ksq. (one year). Managers? Rev. Rufne Babcock, D. D., Rev. Samuel Baker, D. D., H. W. Baldwin, Peter Balen, Rev. Joseph Banvard, Rev. O. W. Briggs, John *M. Bruee, Jr. (three years), Warren Carter (throe years), Rev. L. Colby (three years), Rev. Sidney A. Corey John M. Davies, George Gauit, George C. Germond, Rev. W. 8. boodno, R?t. A. D. GiUette, Rev D. M. Graham (three years). Rev. Josiah Hatt, Rev. E. J. llisoock Charles W. Houghton H. H. Lamport, Rev. Edward Lathrop, E. H. Utcniield, Rev. J. A. McKean, William Phelps, Nathan C. Piatt (three years), Samuel Ray nor (three years), Smith Sheldon, Rev. Ira R. Steward W- Taggart (three years), Rev. ?' ?. ? ? ' ^ i Rbt- Westcott, O. Whitehouse, D. M. Wilton (three years), William Winterton, Rev! J. J Woolsey, and Elijah Lewie (three jeers). Rev. Mr. \V akrkn (ot Troy) made some very forcible remarks on the necessity of a decided attention to csl porteur exertion in. the I'ntted States. The society was now looked on merely as one organized solely for the propagation of the Bible in foreign countries; but he would wish that a war o( holy aggression was made on sin at home. Tbe heathen was in our own country let bim be visited in Troy, in other counties, and la his own home. The Home Bible Society will die in Troy? tbe auxiliaries are dying all over the couutry, and they will die if new life be not infused ioto all of them. It is looked on as if it only met to collect money and send it on to Jiew York. The people of Rensselaer county want something to do, and if tney do not get empl >yment It will soon be announced in Hen Yor* that the Biole So ciety was dead there. He offered the following resolu I tion : ? hesolved, That it is the true policy or this sooiety to enter at once and vigorously npm the publication of Bibles In the English language, and their distribution by colporteurs among our population at large. Rev. Mr. Rkkck, of I'enntyivania, seconded the resolu tion in urgent and warm terms. He related teveral in xbe K<>od resulting fiom a free distriDution ef the Bible at home. Kev. Dr. Bahcock waa glad that the soeiaty had waked up to the necessity of this movement, when foreign missions came to us yearly in the shape of four hun drtd thousand foreign emigrant! who were loudly ask ing for Bible instruction and Bible knowledge of truth. Key. Mr. Fokthr, of \ t , hoped that the motion would prevail, and an aggressive action be made by the Bap ri?ts on the world, the flesh and the devil at home. Tas English Bib e should be retained and circulated as tbe charier of our liberties. Baptists shonid in America keep on tbe track of their fathers. Rev. Mr. Parmki-kv, of Jersey City, observed that the question had been mooted in New fiogland already nf jielding all the Inllnence of the siclety, in respect to the distribution of the Scriptures, to the Bible Society ; and this body would be shorn of its strength if the spirtt of the motion was not acted on. Alter some remarks from Messrs. Hiscox, Veish and tered Magoon, the resolution waa verbally al ? M.'C I,-AS<",roRI> Lawk, of Boeton (a colored man from South Carolina), rose and said that he was glad to hear ihat the ? octety entertained the idea or operating on the mountain of dry bones in the Soutn, and sending the Scriptures among hla race. The enslaved ot the Irish the Germans, and of the French were alluded to, but it th* iU,? cf.t'?ij,?ou,>tr7. the negro men and wo men, that demanded their care. He had been brought "?-?r brought down-In a Cnrietlan family in thoBoath bnt they never taught him the Bible, nor did he know it until he waa an adult, and a Christian lady in Massachusetts taught him it. He was from North amp ton, Masa., and was glad to see his people in New ^ork enjoy tag some knowledge of tbe gospel truth in Boston* *?W W,rl111* 10 ?f*11 *nl their salvation At this point Mr. Wpjrren's resolution was referred to o clock?1" M1**' Md eociety adjourned until three AKTKRHOOH 8KSRION. Theponety met pursuant to adjournment, at 3 o'clock, P. M., when a large number of 1 adieu wtre present. Brothers united la Hinging the 890th hymn. After which, prayer waa made oy Brother David Benedict. Brother Lax*? the black man? wai called on to con tinue hi* remark*. He was not " up to timt," awl the Treasurer's report wan called for. The Treasurer read Dim report, fran which it appeared that? The receipt* during the year, from all nourcei, amount ed to $40,0.4 28. The disbursement* fer bill*, printing, rent, removal to new building, freight*, *aiarie*. paper, 4c., amounted to $39,U89 79 ? leaving a balance in treasury, of $43 49. The Hon. Ai HKTiT Day (Conn..) moved the adoption of the report a* emitted. Rev. Mr. Boom (of Brooklyn) seconded it. It wa* carried. The Corree pond log Secretary read the annual report. In it were reviewed the progress of the society during the year, the amount of cash received, and the efTeeta of the late commercial criale on the prosperity of the body. Ca*h from legnrle* had fallen olT from the amounte of the preceding twelve months; donation* from eh arches had increased. Oolpor teur exertion amongxt the French Canadians waa very *atlafactory, and would be extended. New Mexico received the Word to a great extent, Mid Mexico herself would mod IMtlW the light and throw Off th? influence of Mm Jesuits of Brae. Oar internet in Miw Granada had increased tinea the opening of the railway, and her lata revolution of relations with the Pope bad oansed a great oetnand for Blblea for unrestricted circula tion. The society had sent out some hun dred copies of the Scriptures to the care of a late Vice-Consul of Groat Britain at Oarthagena. Haytl had received Bibles, and the Chinese in California to the amount of $040. The Germans made large de mands for Bibles and colporteurs both at home and abroad. Little was to be said of France. In contrai Eu rope the work went on well. In Burmah and >mongst the Hantanas satisfactory results had taken place? one million of copies of the word had been oirculatcd in the year. In China the Immensity of the need had been at tended to, bnt the faithful translator of the New Testa ment had been suddenly called to God. The Old and Now Testament would be given to that people when the proper mode had been decided on. A plan of special agency bad been advocated, and 96,000 paid during the year by the society for ihe diffusion of the Scriptures in China. A general review of the progress of the society from the beginning was appended by the Board of Managers, which shoirtd that God had been beneficent to the society. Brother Leonard, of ZanesvlUe, Ohio, moved th? , ac ceptance of the teport. Rev. Dr. Swavnk, of Mass., seconded the motion, ob serving that the society had a peculiar claim on the brethren of New England. That people had been slow to co operate with the body, but times had changed now, and their views and leelings had changed also. The work of the society at home took a peculiar hold on the hearts of the people of Massachusetts, seeing, as they did, that a foreign population were displacing the Yankee Puritans both in the factory and the field. Mis sionary labor had a full field for work at home. The report was accepted, and ordered for publication, under the direction of the Board. The committee on the Rev. Mr. Warren's resolution reported in favor of the distribution of the Bible in foreign languages, by colporteurs, both at home and abroad. Mr. Lame, the colored man, said "the substitute had so altered the original that he was disqualified from ex tending his remarks. 'lhe colored people of New York city, being a free people, were not so well off as the slaves of the South. As he had seen them in Church street and West Broadway, they were degraded, poor and ignorant. It was not enough to bo freed, like a horse lrom the plough, as they were. The negroes needed emancipation in reality. He was an Afri can Baptist for thirty years, although ho had been taught a little of the Episcopalian form of worship, under Bishops Ives, Folk, and others. He now loved the Baptists, although he had something against them also. He came, up 10 New York to meet some Baptist friends and get a? friendly shake of the hand. They had told him that he must confine himself to Boston, and not come up. Be called on the Bev. Dr. Hawkea, whom he knew in boyhood, and was well received by him. He also met the late Rev. Mr. Halsey, who aided him substantially. Moral destitution had been alluded to all over the country, but even yet the " black" Baptists had not been fed wiih the word. It was not popular to reach the negro man, and they were not reached in con sequence. 1 he blacks needed something more than to toil and sweat in praver for four hours, or shout out without t sowing any thing to communicate when done. It is true that ignorance is called bliss, but the black man wanted an intelligent ministry, and he wanted mo ney as well as others. 8inging the holy melodies would not do. He did not come to torment people before their time, bnt the Society should not retain all the cash, like Annanias and Sapphlra. A black man's soul was worth as much as any other soul. There was no difference in Uod'8 eyes whether souls were black or white, griztle or gray. The black man came here for the word of life; and if given to him, he would fly with it to his brother, crying, "Life !" "Life I" He wanted help Or his church in Boston, to make up $2,500. He wanted $1,000, and $600 just now ? "right away." They would open their church in four weeks, and he wanted the cash now before the delegates left the house: for If he allowed them to separate, he would not fiod them again, and would be hke the man who could always count all his pigs but one. (laughter.) It was moved to go around with plate 'and hat imme diately, as a good deal had been done for the slayes of the South already. A good sum was handed in. Mr. Wnrren's amended resolution was passed. Wakren Carter, Esq., advocated the home colporteur labor in the United States. Rev. Mr. Normaxdur, of the Grand Line Mission, (Canada,) thansed the society for its exertions towards his brethren in British North America, and stated some interesting facts regarding the progress of his mission. He had himself been a priest, but was by the Bible brought to truth. In the confessional he was at one time a judge, but a false god. French Canadians would soon know the trnth. The society adjourned at 6>? o'clock until 7>? o'clock in the evening. EVENING SESSION. The society re-assembled at 7 o'clock P. M , puriu snt to adjournment, when some eloquent addresses were made by brothers Lewis, Mason, and others. After prayer had been made and a benediction given, the doxology was sung, and the meeting separated. AMERICAN FEMALE GUARDIAN SOCIETY. The twenty-first anniversary of this institution was celebrated yesterday, at the Home for tho Friendless, a very elegant and commodious building, No. 32 East Thirtieth street, near Madison avenue. This society was organized in the year 1834, and the weekly meeting of its Executive Committee was held in a barement room of the old Tract House. The object of the society was to find remunerative labor for females, and to provide homes by adop'.ion for infants and young children who are without legitimate guardians, or whose parents hive been removed by death. In 1848 the house was erected and soon after occupied by the class for which the so ciety had toiled so long. Here the children are educated in the rudiments of English scholarship, and afterwards received by adoption into families. The adults are provided with homes and situations. There is an air of cheerfulness, comfort and domesticity about this home which is not oltsn seen in similar inititutions. The Herald reporter was conducted yesterday through each department, and can bear testimony to the neatness and general excellent arrangements of the institution. The following named ladies have been elected officer* for the ensuing year : ? J'midtiil ?Mrs. C. W. Hawkins, New York. Tice Prttidentt. ? Mrs. S. C. Hawxhurat, New York; Mrs. J. R. McDowell, Whippany, N. J. : Mrs. D. Thurston, Wlnthrop, Maine: Mrs. R. Eaton, Boston, Mass.; Mrs. C. Blackford, Fredericksburg, Va. ; Mrs. M. H. Mohan, Cleve land, 0.; Mrs. Henry Hodges, Mew Haven, Conn.; Mrs. Mira Townsend, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Mrs. M. Dye, New York; Mrs. John McComb, New York; Mrs. D. R. 1. Wale, Tavoy, Burmah ; Mrs. Bev. A. Sedgwick, Hamilton, N. Y. ; Mrs. Kev. A. C. Putnam, Dunbarton, N. H ; Mrs. Rev. Di. Osgood, Springfield, Mass.; Mrs. Almlra Barnes, Ber lin, Conn. ; Mrs. Josiah Chapin, Providence, R. I. ; Mrs. E. Skiliman, Lexington, Ky. ; Mrs. J. Bissell, Rochester, N. Y. ; Mrs. A. B. Eaton, New Haven, Conn.; Mrs. B. Bur nell, Cazenovia, N. Y. ; Mrs. Richard Thorne, Brooklyn, N. Y.; Mrs. H. k. Brown, Brooklyn, N. Y. , Mrs. Rev. Dr. Hodge, Brooklyn, N. Y. Srrrelariet. ? Mrs. J. M. Hubbard, Corresponding Sec re tary ; Mrs. J. C. Angell, Recording Secretary. Tnamrrr.? Mrs. Edward Stone, New Yor*. Mrs. Wilson, Mrs. Holdredge, Mrs. G. Bennett, Mrs., Mis. A. Benedick, Mrs. G. Hastings, and Mrs. Wo. Daws, have been elected members of the tfoard of Mana gers, in place of Mrs. Anthony L*ne, Mrs. Lewis Tappan, Mrs. T. B. Stillman, Miss M. tiimonson, Miss C. Cooxson, and Mrs. Rev. J. W. Taggert, who retire. There was a business meeting yesterday morning at ten o'clock, when there was a full attendance of the offi cers and Board of Managers. The annual report was read and ordered to be printed. The following is an ab atract: ? The preliminary remarks refer appropriately to the recent removal hy death of Mrs. Sarah 0. Uawxhnrst, the eldest vice -president ot the society, and for the last It) years an influential manager. The labors of the society, in all its departments, have been arduous and the results enouura< in?. The publishing department reports an average of 21, 000 copies of the Advocate and Guardian, issued sorai monthly. Other publications? 1.00U eopies of letters to a young Christian, ?00 oopiei of Walks of Usefulness, 10,000 annual reports, MO eopies of Saw-up and Saw-down, and 1,(i00 copies of by -laws. &e. New subscribers received 3,000, life members reoeived 12C; part payment, 60. HOME >OR THE I RIE.XD1UI. Whole number of -children received sinee July, 1845.. 1.801 Whole number of adults 4,771 Total 6,602 Number of children admitted from May 1, 1KM, to April 30, 1SB5 230 Re admitted #4 Total 201 Add 14 an Dismissed to homes 16ti He diamisied 40 lismiaacd to Juvenile Asylum and other oitjr institu tions 14 Deceased Remaining In institution Adnlti admitted from May 1, 1864, to April 3D, 1886 9W Dismiaaed to aervioc places 4 11 Whole number of adulta and children received during the year 680 A large proportion of the ehildran aont out from the insti tntinn have been adopted into worthy families, where they will enjoy the social, educational and religions pri rile??s that mat fit tbcm for a sphere of nsefulness la after lire; tor all tne beat arrangements have been made that seemed practicable; and the correspondence on file, representing the condition of tboie who have gone from the homo, num bering, as ia aetn from the record*. between one and two thousand, ahowa that the contrast between their prereat and former condition ia Tery great. Many incidents of deep interest are cited from tba matron s daily Journal, corres pondence aad other data. The Home Industrial Sehool, now located at 654 Sixth avenue, has been well sustained duri i(r the yoar, and nas brought within it* influence about 400 vagrant girls, who, from varieus circnmstaucea, the claims of dissolute pareaits, An., were not properly the recipients ot the charities of the Home. The average daily attendance is over 100, An eft clent teacher, monitor and matron are employod, and, in ad dition to their labors, about 60 ladles voluntarily render their serviees. each lady having her own elata and honr one or more days in the week. Much good is resaltlng from this department. Ri-r.igTKlt and viatriitn mr *n ivi st. Applicants for homes and employment, as registered.... 66" 1'eisons applying for domestfos AS!' Supplied ........ *>3 The Visiting Committee and Managers have visited ae rural thousand out door applicants for aid, and distributed ia the aggregate 8.886 pieces of bedding, wearing apparel, Ae , where thev had reason to believe the gifts might prove a stimulus to industry and virtue, mitigate ealamtty, or re lieve distress The aid received from auxiliary societies, Juvenile circles, and other frieads, has furnished the sup plies, without which mnch less would have been accomplish ed. Through this agency baa been received 641 barrels, boiee and parcels of clothing, bedding, provisons. fruit, Ae. A ohange has been made in the financial vea * of tU society, closing its accounts Becember SI, inatend of April 30. This change ia made as a matter of convenience, the current ex nenses in the publication offloe closing with the year. The finances are in a healthy conditk a. The Treasurer's report shows that the amount reoelred from May 1, 1864, to December SI, 1864, was $10 N# CO Disbursements 10, W M Balance in hand ti&l OH The evening meeting wm nnmeronsly attended. Ap l^-opriate addrcseca wan made b/ Her, Dr. Tjng and 1 AMERICAN AND FOREIGN CHRISTIAN UNION. The sixth anniversary of tha American and Foreign Christian Union *u held yesterday morning in tha Broadway Tabernacle. As the weather wae rather un propitiouH, the attendance wae not eo numerous an on fornier oecaaioni of the kind. Her. Dr. Dewitt presided. The exercises were commenced with the hymn? "Exert thy power, thy rights maintain," which was snag by the ehoir and the meeting. A portion of the Scripture* was read by Rev. Dr. McLiod, after which prayer waa offered by the same gentleman. The treasurer's report was next read by Edwakd Vkkhoh, Esq. The report says that tha receipts of the society lor the year ending April 1, were $63,667 '28, and the expenditures $66,301 69. The Board regret that the former were not equal to those of the preceding year. The great financial embarrass ments, says the report, of the country were the causes of this falling off in the means of the society? a misfortune which has been, however, no way peculiar to th:s socie ty. Indeed, it haa suffered less, it is believed, than several of the other and longer established religious and benevolent organisations. The board also signalise the aet as an interesting and encouraging one, that the de ficiency is less in the receipts from the usual donations and annual contributions on the part of the churches than from legacies. Last yaar the amount reoeived f r jo the latter source was only $1,150; whilat the income frcm that quarter was $16, 36 in the fifth year of the society's existence. From the report of the directors, which was read by Rev. Dr. Baikd, we learn that la Sardinia the govern ment is marching steadily forrard in its liberal career. The suppression of the monastic institutions, and the curtailment of the ecclesiastical power, as regards church property, are measures which Rome herself has fcrced the ctate to take. In Spain, the government seems determined to confiscate all church property, and place the church on the ground on which it stands in Franca. The principle of religious liberty has failed to be incorporated in the new constitution by less than a dozen votes. In South America, especially in Brazil, Venezuela, Kew Granada and Uruguay, a liberal spirit characterizes the pre seat government; the same is true of Per u. In regard to the question of the tenure of church pro perty as affecting the Catholic religion, the report refers to the action o( the Legislatures of Kew York, Pennsyl vania and Michigan, as hopeful of what will be done by the rest of the country. Tha Hcmish Church in this country at the commence ment ot 1866. may be stated to embrace seven Arch bishops, 33 Bishops, 1,704 priests, 1,824 churches, 21 incorporated and live unincorporated colleges, (having 2,662 students) 31 theological seminaries, (with 500 stu dents) snd 117 female academies. The entire nominal Papal population can hardly be less than 3,260,000 at this time. The society has aided the French Canadian Society to the amount of $l,0t0 during the year, which sum sup ported six laborers in the field. The entire number of missionaries, of all classes, supported by the society last year, waa 108, of whom 62 were in the home tield, and 4b m the foreign. The Hon. Bkadfobd R. Wood, of Alsany, read a series of resolutions. These referred to the work in which the Union is engaged; the necesclty of harmony and co operation among evangelical Christians for the advance ment oi that work; the ignorance of Catholics, their superstitions, and the enslaved condition of thsir minds; the great increase of Catholicism in the United States, snd tlie efforts making tor its further extension, as'an in centive to renewed exertion on the part of the Union; and the sucoess which has attended the labors of the Union among the Catholics of this country and others. Mr. Wood, after reading the resolutions, addressed the meeting on the liberalizing tendencies ol Protestantism, and the evil effects resulting Irom Catholicism. The first led to the establishment of human liberty, while the lat ter, he stated, enslaved the human mind. He referred to the Catholic church property bill passed recently by the Legislature of this State, as a great check upon the efforts of the Catholic hierarchy to accumulate immense proper ty in their bands. This wealth they designed to employ In politics for the advancement of the Interests of tnat church, 'l'he passage of the bill, said he, is just as sig nificant a fact as the expulsion of the Jesuit i trom Catho lic Spain, and it ie the duty ot the republic to protect the laity from the aggressions of the clergy and hierarchy. If tney voluntarily lay tneir necks down, that Is tueir own business, but it is the duty of the State to protect all its citizens. The speaker here remarked that all the liberty enjoyed by the people of this country was en tirely owing to Protestantism and the Bible. He was will'Bg to give freedom of conscience to every eect; he would defend the rights of the Catholics upon this sub ject, but he would say, if the Catholic church in this country should in any manner prejudice the people against it, it had itself alone to thank for that. It was, in his opinion, to be attributed to those demagogues, no minally Protestants, but who were indifferent to all re ligions, and to the arrogant and ambitious Catholic priesthood. When Mr. Wood resumed his seat, the meeting joined hs singing, ''Rise, gracious God and shine;" after which an address was made by Rev. Dr. Black. He contrasted the condition of the United States, and that of Ireland and Italy, as a proof of the great superiority of Protest antism over the Catholic religion. Addresses were also made bj Rev. Messrs. Iyhg and Leo, after which the President announced tbo resignation of Dr. Baird as an officer of the Union. The reverend gentleman made a few brief remarks in relation thereto, and the meeting adjourned. ANNIVERSARY POSTPONED. The celebration of the Sabbatn schools of Williams burg, belonging to ths New York Sabbath Scbool Union, which was to have taken place yesterday alters oon, was postponed in coniequence of the storm. AnnlweraarlM to be Held. Wednesday. May 9. American Tract Society, Broadway Tabernacle, 10 A. M. Speaker*? Rev. I>r. A. D. Smith, Rev. T. L Cuyler, and Rev. Dr. Tyng. The Society and Board of Dirsctors meet at the Tract House at 9 o'clock, for business and the election of officers and committee. Ameneen Baptist Home Mission, Pierrepont street Bap tist church, Brooklyn, 10 A. M. American Anti-Slavery Society, Metropolitan theatre, 10 A. M. Addrass by Hon. Charles Sumner, on slavery, Metropolitan theatre, 1% P. M. American Congregational Union. Pilgrim church, Brooklyn, 10 A. M. American Hone Missionary Society, Tabernacle, 7>f P. M. Five Points' House of Industry, at Broadway Taber nacle, 8 P. M. Tuchsday, May 10. American Bible Society, Tabernacle, 10 A. M. New York Colonization Society, Lafayette place, 7>? P. M. American Temperance Union. Tabernacle, 7){ P. M. American Hebrew Christian Associat on, Norfolk Street Methodist chnrch, 1% P. M. New York Prison Association, Dr. Cheover's church, 7>t P. M. American Anti-Slavery Society. (Old School, Garrison Section. )?Bv Hiness and general discussion. Freewill Baptist church, Sullivan street. American Congregational Union ? Anniversary, (con tinued.)? Church of the Pilgrims. Brooklyn. New York Institution for the Blind, in the Broadway Tabernacle, at 4 1>. M. Friday, May 11. New York City Anti-Slavery 8oci*ty, 7>," P. M. American Anti-Slavery Society? Anniversary, (con tinued.) ? Freewill Baptist Church, Sullivan street Ameiican Board of Commissioners for Foreign Mis sions ? Anniversary. 10 A. M. : Broadway Tabernacle. TusfDAY, May 16. Twenty-second anniversary of the New York Magdalen Society will be held at the Asylum, Eighty -eighth street, between Fourth and Fifth avenues. Independence of Central America? The Pol), lie Herwlcee? Kx-Piealdent Bairnndla. Mr. SQimt, at a recent meeting of the Historical Society, announced the death of Senor Barrundi | former President of Central America, and an honorary ' member ef the society. He alw submitted a rapid out line of his public service*, replete with hiitorical facta connected with the independence of Central Araerie ^ which are of much general interest, and which we give complete: ? Mr. Puhsknt and Gkvti.kmk* ? It has devolve 1 up || me to announce to you the death of Senor Don Joae lisnciaco Barrundia, an honorary member of this socie ty, lormerly President of the Federal Republic of Central America, and, at the time of hi* death, Knvoy of ttie Re public of Honduras near the government of the liniud States. He died suddenly, in this city, on the 4th day of August last, aged 76 years. I shall detain you but a few moments in recounting (ome of tbe principal events in tbe long public career of this truly great mio. These will apeak more for bis fame, and command for bis memory a higher respect in the hearts of all good men, than the moit studied eulogiums. Senor Barruodia was born In tbe city of Guatemala, the capital of the ancient Captain Generalcy or kingdom of the aame name. His family was one of the most distinguished in the ccun try, and many of its members bad held h igh positions under the crown. But fympathislng in the liberal ideas which our own ami tht French revo lution has inspired, and which always, and will forevar, find congenial soil in the hearts of tne young and ardent, his family antecedent* did not prevent him tiom becom ing one of tbe first and most active promoter* of Central Ametiran independence. He had hardly attained hi* majority, when he took ground In favor of the extension of popular right*, and in a aeries of paper*, printed in spite of vice- regal prohibitions, boldly attacked tbe colo nial (yitea of ."pain, and all tbe arbitrary distinction!) of society with which It was connested? asserting the people aa the only legitimate source of government. He was at once denounced a* impiou* and heretic by the church, persecuted *ocially by tne aristocracy, and pro ceeried againat rigorously by the Viceroy. Accused of conapiriDg against the crown, he was tried, and, in con junction with a number cf compatriots, sentenced to death. They, however, escaped to the mountain*, where they remained in concealment for nix years ? until 1810. During this time. IlerTundie made himself acquainted with the English langnage. end annealed by aufTerlns, was prepared to take hi* part in tbe stern scene* of his country s emancipation. Aa aeon as the popular feeling was ripe for the movement, be emerged, like a second John, from the forest, and put himself at tbe head of the revolutionary party in Guatemala. On the 16th of Sept., 1821, te saw the first triumph of the cans* to which he had dedicated his ltfe, in the declaration of independence, by the people in their primary capacity, in tbe grept square of Guate mala. Bnt, although the separation of the country from bpain wa* effected, it* organisation remained to be ac complished. And here commenced the (evereet trial in Barrundia'* pnblie career. The officers of the government, the aristocracy and. the priesthood, finding themselves powerless to rosier the popular will, had offered no oppoeitton to the sepa ration from Spain, but true to their instincts, they toeght to direet it to their own advantage. Confiding ".air wealth U*f iife/SHrS^JS dominate over ine ntiiw with more thaTuw*! -2S5? powers and distinctions. Those who r.n- pwvio?a POiition were too closely identified HTm.PA^Jr ??1h?inth, republican sentiment or to tMltoi ?? those who eotijtbt independence as the mnim otmmanr ^nXfTfJf?T!r iii ^ OWn *?**> qaietif taJTS* country, and retired. unaoleoted t/J rwJi J* ^ Europe. Bat the separation oaoe effected the nmnh M on by Barrundia andhTs In ? Toioe of thunder for absolute independent, ?tha ii!' #!? i^ey comprehend it, of the neat Re. public of the North And sow commenced that deadlr uncompromising struggle between the two rn?t oie Mc^e" bTPa1<nr'hhiC m 1 h*T* ujdic*t?d ; repreaented, o? lou.?Bn'i^H^m. powerful aria toe racy and ajea Dle nonnlM^ and' 0B tha Other, by the MO SSSSfe^vSsS den^nSa^d those fierce strug, les which have dlitw^^^Sm/Sftka setTon! v tS*"6*1! aDd *? which the maaa of men ZWX.U^'y9' ?*"? ? plated the establishment of an Independent kingdom oc monarchy, which thou Id oompriae the prormoea be loofuig 10 th? ancient kingdom of Guatemala. Bnt I ?JP^V0 Junta which waa convened almost i^uX T' ,ani ln which Barrundia wai thTt? knoaledgeu leider, proceeded to decUre for ab ?olute independence, and to oonvoke a Constituent h^u J1' W5'.c ,hould organize the ooontry on the Institution*. The monarchists ua * found hemxelven in a numerioal minority o?tb.* T"lBg 0f?the A<*embly, Md tae proclamation The Km per or. flattered b y the proposition f^Lil aU M titles ana distinction., anfufSsiry^arSS intervention to put down the republican pIJE' it was under such ctrcanuitanoei that toe First Cnn?+< ?E??r,rti7 ^ "? w1,m* ??&& composed of a large majority of liberals i. attempt to corrupt this majority signally' fai? ?d, and then was made the first open and dJrect at tack upon the papular party-the Initiative riolenee in that long tenes which has sinsefdMractel that devot ed country, and brought it te the bSSk of utter rain J J j? A8,emb'y WM blockaded by armed bands and its deliberations forcibly suspended. Barrundiaaad ! ,? "re flred uPon where they stood savaraJ wS ? ?'thoagh ho toaght with his unarmed hands to reprl the assault, he t? borae down by ^ bers, and thus by treason, violence and blood the an narchMs gained their first triumph in Guatemala! This success was followed by the proclamation of th? ri? a,tott^rM??Uring tlJ* "fljwgadw ?f Central Ama ri a to the Mexican exrpire. Many of tho liber*! iM/ta? were banished and others imprisoned AmoL^ th! latter was be nor Barrundia. No sooner did the aew^MMh Mexico, than Iturbice despatched a law ?T? the conmand of Gen Kilesola, to con^mmi^the nsw' pation thu* successfully commenced. The monarchists, however, overrated their newer The republicans of ban Salvador took up arms, defeat by the pcrvUes, and for a time blood Jf ?**r^ oirection, wherever the monarch ists made head. The at rival of the Mexican auxiliaries co^ntrl'' tUr tne ttd? against the libtrals, aad the country was given over to the mercies of an alien and dinolute poldiery. The blsck flag of the emol^ was ders^w.r'/fhi1" *lgnal f8r, mpine; and blood and mot if j synonfms of vtoa il JSmperaUtM. .?,??#" k ? ^ Cir^umat?nces that the State Ooa - ?T??* ,?f Salvador, by the advice of ite repobUeaa ' !'? u''OI, * "toP expressive of their Mati xcents and sympathies. By a solemn act on the 1A of i?23b& ,18^' for an^exatto^teth. St?t^1n ?? ?Si au'l decrewl the incorporation of tho them In ti jepu llc' whog* example nad sustained theiradTersity, anl to which they naturally A ? ot thB gIt>tt 'epnblican famUy.?M f.?iVf?J,m0me?t' h?"eyer, came tho news of tho down fall of the empire of Iturbide. The foieirn forces ware at once disbanoeo, and the mooarchists, thrown upon their own resources, were unable to oppose the renubli cans, who took a: vantage of the circumstanee to re sume the direction of affairs. ** . t, ?ew Sfi"11'1!""1* A*>en>b'j wai at oneo called. Tho strviles did not venture to oppose ita meetiair w nought to bend it to thetr purges. TJ^TSf-id to establish a practical dicutorship, which should, aomo fhfrutin V ea"-y tr?n?"l|o?, resolve itaslf into thoir cntrished ic rm ot a moaarchj. th# Inflexible Barrundia, wbose atjuuents and eloquence were equal toovarr emergency He subaitted to the assembly the project , ..llr,fl"i on the basis of that of the I Jilted Mates. I nabl? to procure its absolute rejection. ^adeis asiaiied it article by article, aa<! sought by every device to discredit or annul ita nrovl sions But Barrundia as steadily and with equal deter '*pU*d V1 eytI7 at tact, overwhelming his ar ^ superior knowledge and eloqaoaoe. N^me of his speeches have found a place in print, aad ara vention? Vl "t'1 eflr0rt8 'T' OWB constituUonal son 7a. i i nnn pronounced on the 5th and 6th of Sn. ^ ' *n "aPP?rt of *he liberty of the press and the iree importation of books, in oppotition to a nrono lition of tbe tervlles to establish a cen.orshin over &e Are hbiil^nitlbeaf,C0?d t0 th* dl^retiSn of thS rhetori*^*^ Guutemala, is a model of research and .?Th**?n,trtutl?n was carried triumphantly, and the assembly proceeded to the adoption of other measniis in conformity with it. provisions But tn? c"Tniw act of this assembly was the passage of a decree of which our departed assoc'.te ?a* \he aT'thor* ^0^, Ih!oh 1 824* nor 1 ruD? D ' ^ 'D g,K l0rr " 0n; the 10th of April Barrundia introduced in the assembly an act, prefaced by a elesr and dignified preamble which Mod f'0,r the 'nime^ate andP uncondhiS!! abolition of slavery la the republic of Central America declaring the slave trade piracy, and decreeing aeainst ^"r..Tb? ra,i?wt en8ase m it, directly or induce tly the severest punlibmenis. To Central America, thmi """" ??? swss rjtsii?'Xz^r'5z&xL.u',?: y svLr.srr-""" jsss But tlrce will not permit me to follow Senor R.rm?,iu brougli all the details of his active and useful lifa To whichWtw i f? 10 tbe hi'tory of tho country te which that life was dedicated. Suffice it to sav that nn was the independence of the counto/^ur^ ed himfelf to . "i?1 d'Hned- than ??nor Barrundia devot ed himself to such reforms, civil and social as its con. Although called frequentW to ^ h? inHn.M li 1 ? P?jltion and executive authority, ni.n.ilf7 declined office devotiog his time ti plans lor the re organization ot the judieiarv of the country on a basis apprcpriate to its alt*r?JT aiMnM stances. Always ardent in his admiration of tho United S ates, he studied its civil law with the sre%tesc atUn ^ion 'of PWetnted to his countrymen a transla lhl Cade drawn up for the SUte of l?ni?lana, by sn?* .rrtwh W York!"Proad t? claim as one oTher r il?",* g,TlB luf"troto the rolls of this Society I mtan the late Chancellor Livingston Barms Oa brought this rode before the Legi?lature of his own *B J'rocared 't' hi option. The name ef Uviars Att?He?CInrtth ?nCa,nt' " b?nsehoJd wort ln Central nn"ofH/sea^rts P"I,elU'tCdM th# deri8n?tlon of In 1826 Beiior Bannndia was elected Vice President of the republic, but o.chned to accept the post * ?f in .fciii, u ?harged with the Presidencv - ,? served with wisdom and moderation .' Not a drop of blood stains the record of his adminlstra w?'?t, y cfinaPr*beaf!lDg that popular igsoranse ti", ^ c?nier nt the heart from which the institu "? hlh! c0" had mo?t to fear, he applied him .M,?? ?SM exPanded system of publia iH -I fo give it the support of a high examnle othw ,,m<,rrB of State, he devoted of ti^ltv 0 official duties to the practical sarvlca 01 teaching a common school. The very barrack s^verl ?c hlTers*w r rVin Ht"" " the barefooted Indian bv IheVr offi'ers " ? he rUdimentS ?f kDOwl#d?* countrv thVvrtL" e'ph ""^T'^ntly overwhelms! the count rj tne votoe cf Barrundia was ever hna.r?i selliLjr moderation and humanity. In its darkect hours he never surrendered (be hope of witnessing ite rewni ration, ncr ceased his eftorts to restore it te peace and to reconstruct the confederation Whan, In 1&o2 three eftha hftM W btd compo.edtheoW republic again uni. wet w Jo? brnwTon:!T cborr pact, n as of brief duration, and before ha hmii upon the duties of the office, two of the SuteTwithdi faUed? "d tb# la,,t ?^Pt at Subsequent to that event, and nntil solicited th? government of Honduras to act as its MDre^nta??^! the Lnited States, Senor Barrundia lired^S ^m^tii. Hp reached the United Ft*t*a In Jane laat, and in pra Heatiog bin credential* to th? PrMident, warmly expreaa ed bin admiration for the country an.l institution* wbich bad *o loog l*??-n bin model. Reforn entering upor the negotiatioDM with which he wa* charged, and which there is reason to believe were of unusual import ance, lie was struck down by apoplexy. He died in the harne**, not lens patriotic and ardMLt in hi* impuliM then wh?n be firat travel the power it Spain, and invok ing, with bi? dying breath, the ble**lag* of heaven upon Mi unhappy country. f tenor Ilamindia wan simple toaeyeiity in hia manner*, ' iscardlng many of the conventionalities of Ufe aa un becoming in men who lire for a piirpoie, and not aolely to fill out a measure of existence.] He belonged to that earneet acliool oi which oar revolutionary period fur riabea *o ninny example*, and w)ien the general bintory of tbia continent cornea to be written, bia name will find a place in the foremost rank of it* patriot* anl at* teamen. It ia neceianry to the juat appreciation of the deed* ef oil public rarn to ronitdar thfc circnmatancea under whiiij they were railed to act. /The magnitude of their aervicea ia too o(t?n eatimetod Mom the oxtant and bril liancy or the field in which their are rendered; and tho abilltis* and patriotic aool wbiom, nnd<r favorable cir cumstance*, mi^ht *eeure raocWn, under other* may fail to arreat the pin of hiatorn; and yet the patient, devoted benefactor of hia raoe, wifto struggle* agalnat all obatacle*, uncliee-ed by the vnlde of praiie or of *ym pathy, and looking ?alv to " ttyht exceeding great re ward" ? the approval of bia own /oonaeience? which fol low* always on a fuD discharge if hia duty to God and hia fellow men, ia, in the nobjUat aanae of the word, a hero. y It i* in thi* view that Senc/f Barrnndia and ether* of that devoted bond of patrio^A, who. in Hpaniah America, in the faoe of ob taeloa nfare foraaiduble than aay of na can adequately rompreMoaid tgoaaen .-e, auperetition, and a demoralised race- /hove sought to lay the fewndo^ tirn and build up tl|A fabric of free inatitutioaai. If they have not beeai iwieeeaafnl, it h*a been from mum beyond their roa-h; And to onr admiration for their leol 1 and devotion we nait aid the sympathy which failare ia a f09d fiM la air* to elicit f*em a | wma hoarV

Other pages from this issue: