Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 4, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 4, 1855 Page 4
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JiEW YORK HERALD. JIVES GORDON BKIIXTT, PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. OFFICE H. W. COBKKll OF NASSAU AMD FULTON 8T8. Volume XX Ho. 1*3 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. ACADEMY OF MUSIC. FoartMBth itreet? II Trova mi. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway? Richabd III.? ?ood rem Nothing. BOWERY THEATRE, Bo?nj-Iiu in the Dark? Sb ?? Temptations? Columbia'* Son. BURTON'S THEATRE, Cbambora ikrMi? Sebiov* Fa mily?Tub ?ALLACK'S THEATRE, Broadway? Faiwt Heart Hetei Won Fair Lab*? Out or the Loo?e? Tit roi Tat. AMERICAN MUSEUM? AtternooB? Hot Cor.i? Kia* m nu Dark. Evcniug? Lady or the Lake? Deeim or Bbiadul Note. WOOD'S MINSTRELS? Mechanist' Hall? 472 Broadway. BUCKLEY'S OPERA HuUSE, 5S9 Broadway? Buck aarv'a Ethiopian Opera Troupe. CHINESE ASSEMBLY ROOMS. 539 Broadway-PAno UBA Or El'ROI>E AID hlBGE Of SeUADTOPOI.. FBRHAM'S BURLESQUE OPERA HOUSE, 663 Broad way ? Ethioi i an Opera Troupe. ' Hew York., Friday, ttay 4, 1855. The Hews. The steamship Atlantic, due from Earope, had bo* been signalized at Sandy Hook at twelve o'clock teat night. We publish in another column a spicy card from Archbishop Hughes to the public. He asks a sas (wnsion of public opinion for a short time, as to the Merita of tbe newspaper controversy in which he is ?agaged, promising to substantiate his position to the satisfaction of everybody. Tbe City Attorney cf Troy haa given an opinion that after tbe Fourto of July, and under the provi sions of the prohibitory law, imported liquors may be sold, wholesale or retail, by any one, than en Zoning the opinion of Mr. Dillon. Ia the Canadian parliament the Maine liquor bill was recently killed for the session by the ruling of the Speaker, upon ? point relative to its origin, bis decision baing sustained by a majority of foar. The municipal election ia Philadelphia on Tues day resulted in tbe ehoioe of Morton and Hill, Know Nothing candidates for City Treasurer and (Sty Commissioner, by a majority of 422 over the nominees of the fusionists. In Indianapolis on Tuesday a portion of the Know Nothing city ticket was defeated. Tbe New England Know Nothings are rapidly developing their policy with reference to tha slave rj question. In Massachuset ;a a free soil platform baa been adopted with remarkable unanimity. In New Hampshire the State Council recently adopted resolutions protef'ing against the repeal of tne ills aoun compromise, and sgaiist tie Fugitive Slave lew and tbe Nebraska act, aad pledging the party to resist the further extension of slavery. Mr. Wm, T. Minor, yesterday elected Governor of Connect! cut by a Know Not -log Legislature, states in his in sgnral message that his election is an another en pbatic c ancle dilation of the principles of the Kan sas-Nebraeka act. It is evident, therefore, that tne national conservative Know Nothiugo, in their es timates hereafter, will act understand! ogl 7 and ?foid all embarrassments. Oar readers are referred to tbe editorial columns, where this Bubject ia re viewed at lengtt. By the arrival of tbe Black Warrior we have ai vices firm Havana to tbe 28th ult. By reference to the letter of onr correspondent it will bs sesn that General Concha has carried his feelings ot vin dictiveness towards the mtmory of the late IUmoa Pinto so tar as 0 refuse the request of the family ef the deceased to permit his remains to be deposit ed in one of the niches of the Campo Santo. It is also stated, although we can hardly credit tbe rumor, lha'. in tbe government bill of costs against Pinto's estate tbe fee of fail executioner ia charged ! It wm expected that the blockade would bs raised on the 1st lest. Colonel J. H. Wheeler, Uoited States Minister to Nicaragua, presented his credentials to the acting President of the republic, (Josi Miria Estrada) on the 7th ult., wber tbe utual official exp-essions of gacd 'eellng between the States were exchanged. Get era 1 Cera) was elected President of Nicaragua, bat will net immediately assume the dnties of tbe office. Tbe revolutionists still held Leon, and it was thought that Colonel ffalker would soon a-rive witaaparty to aid Cascillon. The Congresa met en tbe Oth of April. We have received a most interesting letter From Brunswick, Me., which contains a graphic and iaapaitial akftch of tbe scenes in Missouri wMch pre: eded the late Kacsas election, with a detailed be xiunt of tbe march and action of tie armed voters to and In the Territory. It appears that aa the abolitionists oonco te<l their plana in secret, secret clubs were formed to counteract them, and the or ganization is now rabidly spreading from Mssonii to Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas and Mississippi, jo which States an army of one Hundred thousand electors, aid* d by a fuod ot one m'llion of dollars, will scon be raised, in order to head off the North ern abolitionists. It would appear as if Governor Reeder die not leave the Territory ? moment too aoo<j Itr h'a own ease and comfort. Tbf special paiice committee? that is to say, Al derman B.-iggs, for we b?li?ve his foaijutora repudi ate the proceedings altogether? was bard at work yesterday. All tbe papers and affidavits relating to tbe inquisition having been made out ani proper ly certified by the clerks, \he indefatigable Brigjs laid the matter before Judge Woodruff, who granted un order for Mr. M. Kellar and tie otbor cootumt k,u9 witnesses to show cause why an at teebmeu* should not iasue against them, pursuant to tbe sU.-ut?s ia buc>? cases made and pcjvid .d, returnable next Tuesday. Tbero is fun ahead, aad plenty of it. Cotton continued to be active yesterdiy, with fifties t, 1 4 000 a 5,000 bales. Tbe market closed tirm at tbe quoUti-jCR given in another column. Owin$ *o reduced s'ocks, flour was tinner, especially fo eoBiuon and medium grades. Wheat wan nominal. Owing to light supplies, Iudiaa corn w? also a trifle better, and closed at $1 11 a $1 lli for 8 mthern white, and 11 13 for Western mixed, from store. Provisions wero without change of moment. Freight* wero dull, as shippers were watting the receipt of later foreign rers due by tbe Atlantic. Mr. Fabens, 'indicted with CjI. Kinney, of the Nicaragua expedition, for an alleged attempt to violate tbe neutrality laws, was brought before Judge Iagersoll, of the United SUtes District Onrt, yesterday, and, after tbe usual prelim aariRH, dirt c'.ed to enter bonds in the sum of ten thontand dollars to an*?er the charge. We are compt lied to omit this morning an r report uf tne annual meeting of tie East River Industrial School for Girls. The dore Remy, Oscar Cr.?mrey, Julins Parkins and Wilhelm Schuma h?, were arrested yesterday *y tbe United .States Marshal, on a warrant isined by Commissi jner Still well, charged wfti enlisting ?old>ers for tbe Crimea, and committed fir exami nation. At roon yesterday the Chamber of Com-neroe ?et and ejected Mr. Pelatiah Perit as President tor ensuing year. This is tbe third time this gea tlessan has been thus honored Mr. P. T. M'lls, on bthal! of Mr. Heady, the darfuerreanist, pre tent 3d *be Chamber whb an excellent photographic liktv ?ess of tbeUta waiter r. Jones, Ksq. ^Hon. John p. Kennedy, ex3?cr?tary of t'">e Navy, ?vWted th<; N*tj yari at Brooklyn yesterday, and was received ?ith a mo* of dfteen guns. We un derrtand he iesves the city to-day. AH veisets loading gatao at the iaiands of th<j Mexican republic are prohibited f-om footing birds m Utw pud?r 9 pewlty gf afty dollars tot each of tonoe. On Minister it Mexico has caned the ?bora regulation to be made pablio, tor the infar mataan of ahlpmMtan end others latere t?d. The mv raapenaion bridge over the Pm?u river' above the fells, fell yeeterday while being tiued. Two persona are known to have been injured, and it vm feared that others had been oerrisd down bj the wreck. The bill for the rale of the main line of the imbtic works of Pennsylvania passed a second reading in the Senate of that State yesterday. It had pre viously pasted the House. Ihe maximum orioe is fixed at 18,600.000. A rumor was prevalent in New Orleans on the 27th nit. that Baker, the murderer of BUI Poole, had been captuied, and was being conveyed to Ne w York. New Jersey Know Nothing* all Right? The JTtw Yorker* Close at Hand? Philadelphia National Count II? Good Prospect. We publish this morning an interesting spe cial report of the proceedings of the late Kaow Nothing State Council or Convention at New ark, New Jersey. This report shows that the Jersey men are in good sailing order, and in the right channel for the White House. They have appointed delegates to the Philadelphia Grand National State Council of June, whose princi ples are in accordance with the compromises of the constitution, and consistent with the- project of a great national Union platform for the grand campaign ot 1856. The good example of this Jersey movement will have Its influence at the forthcoming State Council at Syracuse. The delegates from this State, one from each judicial district, omitting the fifth, have already been chosen. The Coun cil at Syracuse will meet for other purposes. Here, too, as in Jersey, they require some al terations of their ritual and constitution to bother the outsiders; and here, too, they find it necessary and proper to vindicate the nation ality of iheir principles, so that their brethren in Virginia and the South generally may in season have the advantage of this new move ment. The Know Nothings of New York, like those of New Jersey, repudiate the abolition principles and proceedings of the so-called American party in Massachusetts, and it is pro per that their brethren of Virginia and the South should have the fact officially proclaimed Wc have no doubt that the Syraonse State Council will take high national ground upon the great constitutional issues of the day ; and we believe that their course will have a decisive iufluence in the National Council at Philadel phia. In the interval, the proceedings at Syracuse will probably go far to determine the result of the Virginia election, some three week* hence; and that election will determine the national unity or disintegration of this new American party. If they lose Virginia they must prepare io take their chances in a sec tional scrub race; u they gain Virginia, the whole course is t>p? a to them round the entire circumference of the Union, and down the mid dle, from the St. Lawrence to St. Augustine. The formidable power of this new party in this State is aptly illustrated in a letter in these columns from an Albany correspondent. The movement for a fusion between the Seward factions and the Van Buren free soil adminis tration democrats has fairly commenced. But how they ate to manage it in this city wc cannot readily imagine. We understand that here the Know Nothings are with the liquor interest, against the Seward party and their Maine law, and all their corrupt traders and ''villain*!," big and little. * We believe the Van Buren Pierce democrats occu py the same ground of hostility to the Seward temperance programme. We apprehend, there lore, that the attempts at a fusion between the Pierce. Vaa Buren an>i toe Seward factions upon the slavery question, will result in "con' Iumou worse confounded" upon the liquor question. The prospect of a reunion between the demo cratic bards and sottB is equally unpromising. The bolts are billing and cooing, but the hards are shy, aiid before they come to join hands again ihey will be very apt to exact an under standing that this fiee soil Buffalo Pierce ad ministration is to be abandoned. With these difficu t and irreconcilable divi sions among their enemies, the Know Nothings, with their catalogue of over 184,000 enrolled anti-Sewartl, apti-soft shell, anti-adininiotration members in the Empire Sta'e, feel pretty Bure of it, from this time at least to the close of the grand 'campaign of '5G. Under this impression tbey appreciate the importance of their posi tion and their strength. They perceive the propriety of a powerful diversion io Virginia against the pernicious and heretical doings of the aboiitionized Know Nothings of Massachu setts. H^nce the call of this Syracuse State Council; and we venture to say that its proceed ings will show that NewYork goes with Virginia and the South for a national and constitutional plutform, a national party, and a national tick et, and repudiates the sectional, seditious and disunion Know Nothings of Massachusetts. The new party of this State, supported by New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and the whole South, can b fiord to repudiate and outlaw, not only the intractable Know Nothings of Massachu setts, but of all the New England States, with impunity. Let tb<? Syracuse State Council bear in mind tbe nil- important fact that everything depends upon the result in Virginia, and that the Vir ginia election may possibly be decided by this Syracuse Council for Flournoy or lor Wise. We have little ft ar. however, of the result at Syracuse, or in tbe Old Dominion. We venture to say that it will show that New York is with Virginia, for the Union and the constitution, against free soilcrs, Cabinet spoilsmen and dia unionists, and that Virginia is the key to the next Presidency with New York. We are verging close upon a definite solution. The Saint George's Sociktv ? A Coxtrb TKMPf. ? We have received several communica tions noticing a difficulty which occurred at the late festival of tbe Saint George's Society in this city, between the President of that insti tution and the British Consul at Philadelphia. One of there we publish. Personally we know nothing of these characters or their affairs, but we am informed on several hands tnat the court e of the President has given a great deal of dissatisfaction to the Society generally. If such is tbe case, it would be better to turn bim out and appoint some other person in his place. * i The Oyster House Carries Stopped Off. ? What ban become of tne oyster house critics of the C,u,rur and Tribune 7 The splen did suoccs* of the "Trovatore," at the Academy, has apparently paralyzed them. Recently, we observed that a law had been passed declar ing oysters to be unhealthy during the spring and summer month". Has this anything to do with the silence of the oyster house critics? It looks ominous. Political Paju?ws.? The native American movement, which ia sweeping all over the country , had its origin In the imprudence of a clergyman, who, ten or eleven years ago, de serted his pnlpit and his cathedral to go to a politioal meeting and address a general au dience in the interest of a violent political party. The clergyman happened to be a Ro man Catholic; an Archbishop, in fact. History teeming with instanoes of interference by Ro man Catholic priests in political affairs, the country took the alarm, and the native Ameri cans swept the city and carried several elec tions in the country. After a lapse of over ten years, they are once more in the field against the old abuse. But this lime it is not only Roman Catholio Archbishops wao seem to require the besom. Far before Archbishop Hughes in intolerance, in intermed Uing curiosity, in cleric il arro gaDce, stand several ministers of various Pro testant denominations. This time it is the Rev. Henry W. Beecher, the Rev. Dr. Tyng, the Rev. Mr. Chapin who leave their churches and their pulpits to enter the political arena and pronounce divine anathemas upon their fellow citizens who think differently from them. Of course they plead morality and religion as their excuse. Churchmen have always done so, from the days when Popes laid kingdoms under an interdict in order to secure the thorough cultivation of the truth. It is even probable they believed they were right, just as Dr. Tyng and Mr. Chapin believe at this cay; and that when thinking in?n objected to their arrogance, their cruelty, their intolerance, they regarded their critics in the same light as these reverend gentlemen regard the opposers of the Prohibitory law. The clergj can have no sort of influence on the result of the liquor war. They cannot hasten piohibition one hour: if they could, there would have been no need of a law. But they can damage themselves, and that to any ex tent that can be imagined. The age is not fanatically inclined. Too many men are quite ready, on the smallest provocation, to cut themeelves adrift from priests and churches, and to trust to their own reason, either openly, or under the shield of some convenient sect or tew light, and guided only by the Bible and the fathers. We warn the Protestant clergy of the danger of bringing their cloth into eon tempt. We were not prepared to look for much common sense or worldly wisdom from the present Episcopalian Bishop; but the con duct of his clergy contrasts very favorably at this conjuncture with that of the other Protes tant sects. It is pleasant to see thao some cler gymen have sense enough to restrain them selves, when a very natural impulse may urge them to strike a blow for what seems to be the cause of morality; and still pleasanterto hope that, when the present agitation has sub sided, and the names of Beecher, Tyng and Ch apin must in some degree be coupled with those of Burleigh, Captain Rynders, and the Solon Robinson Hot Corn school of orators, at least one sect of gospel ministers wiB not have for feited public esteem. DISRUPTION OF THE TEMPERANCE PARTY.? The temperance party has gone to pieces. Nothing is so often heard as abuse of them and their principles. Many who formerly stood by them and voted for Clark and Raymond are now strong on the other side. As a party they have shrunk to a shadow, the merest shadow of their former strength. Old Tammany is more hostile than ever, even to ostracism of tempe rance candidates. The Know Nothings have agreed to have nothing to do with them, to re- I pudiate their nominations and oppose their candidates. On all sides, men eschew them as though their friendship was fatal. The reason is very simple. A prohibitory law in prospect, and the same law in force are very different things. Under the influence of the indignation created by the prevalence of crime, and the apparent incapacity of the au thorities to check it, people were ready ? or fancied they were ready ? to try any experi ment which promised relief. They had patched and repatched tte city charter, but made it worse each time instead of better. So when the country wiseacres proposed prohibition, a majority of the people of New York agreed to give it a trial. Straightway a law is passed of most intolerable stringency. A law. remark able, if for any one thing more than any other, for its clumsiness, is enacted to pronounce the sale, and of course by implication the drinking of liquor a moral and legal offence to be punished by fine and imprisonment. This law now impends over the city. But in the meantime, a great change has taken place. A new and efiicient Mayor has been elected, and moat of the more necessary laws are faithfully carried out. Gentlemen do not carry revolver* in their pockets or knives in their belts. Men are not knocked down in Broadway and robbed. These chinges, all of which have been effected since the passage of the liquor law, have operated a revolution in the popular mind. They have led people to discover what they ought to have known be. lore? that the grave evils which they sought to ! cure by a sumptuary law can really be met by a reorganization of the existing government, and a choice of proper men to fill posts of au thority: and, as a natural consequence, people ceasing to regard a prohibitory law as in any way necessary , it has come to be viewed as an unmitigated nuisance. There is another reason for the decline of the temperance excitement. At the last election a good number of Know Nothings voted with the temperance men. Many of the candidates strove ? and with some success ? to be cn all sides of all questions, and polled Know Nothing votes as freely as temperance ones. They wil not do tbi-s again. It is the design of the Know Nothings to suppress rum drinking in their own way : to discourage it by their personal exam pie and precept, and to make all their nomina tions through the Councils so as to avoid the drunkenness and rowdyism inseparable from primary meetings; but not to legislate or con* sent to legislation on the subject of liquor. There can be no doubt but they will carry out these views at the next election, and that the teetotallers will find themselves in a minority. Indeed, on tbe whole, it is safe to say that the temperance excitement in this State has passed its apogee already, and has nothing before it but its decline. The Briqob Investigation. ? It is with feel ings of unalloyed satisfaction that we record from day to day the unparalleled labors of the Briggs Committee. True, the information elicited is less than might be wished, as latterly the witnesses have declined answering ques tions; and Alderman Briggs' soliloquies are Uea instructive than some it hM been gar for tone to peruse, especially as thej are in an interrogative form. Bat it is pleasant to see that the city has an Alderman with zeal enongh to pursue an investigation of this nature when all the world is laughing at him, and the wit nesses beard him day after day. The all important point of M&taell's birth place has not, we regret to say, been yet de termined. Alderman Briggs should have taken oar advice and sent for the midwife who offi ciated on the interesting occasion; she is the only competent witness. It is however useful to know that our worthy Chief of Police was in early youth given to the pleasing pastime of bellygatteriag; that he used, in gallant mo ments, to hold a rope for little girls to jump over; and that when hard pressed, he would feed cocks and hens for a female friend. We gain aleo from the affidavits produced on the occasion some useful information respecting onr neighbors the English: Bach for instance as that they say B for M, Banchester for Man chester, Batsell for MatBell. This quite ex plains the exclamation of the lovesick youth in the old novel to? "the glorious bood;" amis pronunciation hitherto attributed to the efifcct of a cold in his head, which converted moon into "bood;" the fact being that he was only an Englishman. It iB much to be hoped that Alderman Briggs will continue his investiga tion lor many days to come. Barnum's is well enough; but a live ass of this sort, ex hibited gratis, every day, to all who ehooBe to go, and learning new capers constantly, cannot be too highly prised. Revival op the Newspaper Business. ? Among other revivals which have lately taken place in trade here, none is more remarkable or more gratifying than the increased pros perity of the newspaper busiaess. We give annexed a statement of the receipts of the Herald for advertising daring the past month, as compared with those for the same time last year : ? Ahoint F.eckivkd for Advertising During toe Montr op Amul, 1854 and 1865. I \t'le ending 1864. Week imding 1855. April 8 $3,614 78 April 7 $3,816 13 16 3, '216 89 14 4,214 73 22 3,241 77 21 4,239 64 29 3.809 61 28 4,180 29 $13,781 95 $10,450 09 29 793 39 30... 680 45 30 686 62 Total $14,362 40 Total $17,909 70 Increase for 1855 $3,547 30 We have reason to believe that these facts are only samples of the revivals going on in other branches of business. The daily circula tion of this journal was never so great as it is now, numbering more than any other daily journal in Europe or America. The best evi dence of this fact is given in the amouat paid for white paper, which is about eleven thou sand dollars per week. It is more than was ever paid by any newspaper establishment on this side of the Atlantic ; we believe that it has never been surpa<>sed by the London Times the latest news. BY MAGNETIC AMD PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. NwAnlrtl of the Atlantic* Sandy Book, May 3, 11 o'clock, P. M. The steamship Atlantic, new fully due from Liverpool, has not yet been signalled off this point. The weather is clear, with a light brieze from the South. The New Hampshire Know Nothings and the Slavery Question. Concord, N. H., Hay 3, 1855. The American party of this State have, in State coun cil, adopted resolutions protesting against the repeal of the Missouri compromise, and against the Nebraska bill and Fugitive Slave law, and pledging the party to resist the farther extension of slavery. Philadelphia Municipal Election. Philadelphia, May 3, 1855. The official majcrity of Morton, the American can didate for Treasurer, is 420. 11 ill, the American candidate, is elected Commis* sioner by 197 majority. Municipal Election at Indianapolis. Cincinnati, May 2, 1855. In the municipal election at Indianapolis yesterday^ the Know Xothing city tiaket was defeated by two hun dred majority ; but that partv, nevertheless, elected a majority of the Conncilmen. From Connecticut. KLBCTION OF A KNOW NOTHING OOVKRNOR? HIS IN AUGURAL MESSAGE ? OPPOSITION TO THK KAN8A8 NEBRASKA ACT . Hartford, Conn., May 3, 1306. The Legislature of thin Stat* thin morning elected Was. T. Minor, American, for Governor for the ensuing )Wr. The vote was a* follows Minor, 177; Ingham, (d?m.), 70. The menage of the Governor was delivered thla after noon. He recommend* that the proposed amendment to the constitution extending the right of sutTrage to colored persons and requiring person a to be able to read and write before being admitted as electors, be allowed to go to tbe people. He recommends an appropriation in aid of the State Agricultural Society; says the income of the school fund the past year ha* been $129,108? making a dividend of $1 25 for each scholar, and thinks it Is the duty o' the Legislature to encourage education in every possible way. and is in favor of giving merito rious school districts a copy of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, lie says he should regard the repeal or modification of the Prohibitory Liquor law as detrimental to tae best interests of the State, obseiving that the efleot of tbe law has been nuch as to recommend tt to general favor, and that by it crime bas been lessened, poverty and misery allevia ted, ami tbe happiness of many a fireside restored. Th? balan:o in tbe treasury at tbe close of the fiscal year is stated at (36,000. Appropriations for the deaf, dumb, blind, idiotic, and for the St ate Reform School are re commended. He favors such a remodelling of the judi ciary a j stem as will facilitate the settlement of causes. He nays that the banking institutions ot the State are in a sound and healthy condition; thai the military will compare favorably with that of sister States. He con siders that in the reeent election that the people re iterated thtir cmphatic condemnation of the act organizing the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas. He enters largely into the consideration of the pernicious lnfluen:e arising from the extent and character of the foreign immigration. After alluding to the large and increasing number now annually coming among us, the Governor aays:? Thia large mass of aiiena, some of them tinctured with the aocial infidelity of continental Eu rope, very many of them blind followers of an ecclesias tical despotism, a large majority of tbem without ejr rect ideas of the duties appertaining to citizens of a re publican government, and by early prejudices totally unfit to learn them, differing In language, national cut tome and feelings, and scattered over all the country, still with tenacity holding on to and observ. ing those customs, and frarn among tbem, as appears from the statistics of crime and pauperism in the differ ent States in this Union, comes a majority of the in mates of prisons and almshouses ; when these things are considered, and, In addition, the facts, .that our taxts are largely incrmsed for tbe support of our foreign po pulation, that in many instances the almshouses of tbe Old World have been emptied, their prison doors thrown open, an 1 the inmates transported by the;r gov ernments to cur shores, a wise regard for our sifety as a nation requires additional legislation, with reference to foreing immigration. After considering the rights and prirOsgeslof foreigners, tbe Governor adds, "buffta a matter of policy connected with the privilege of citizen ship to be conferred upon the alien, we have the right to enquire bow far the allegiance dae from tbe members of the Komish church is compatio'e with the allegiance due to their adopted country, and if we find that coa bieatlon* for political action evist, composed of mem bers of this church, throwing their entire vote one way or the other, a* the wishes, and feelings, and intersst* of those contiolling may dictate; and further, it we find that these combinations are but instrument* in the hand* of demagogues, either native born, or thrown upon our shores oy the revolutiona y upheavinga of Europe, then a n'.rong reason 1* formed why a longer re sidence should be required, before the alien can be na turalized. The me "sag* closes with a recapitulation of the powers constitutionally, ot th* Legislature over thi* subject We have had to day on* of th* finest pars. lea ever witnessed in thin city. Acq?U1tnJ ot Powell* the Poet Office Clerk. BaiJIIIOU, May 3, 1865. Powell, who w?-s charged with stealing money from letters passing through h!s hands in th* Post Office, was acquitted to day. the jtt?y rendering a verdict of net gglltjr, without leering til* lox. The PwhlMtof LlqwrUwOtwi Cast. Boma, M?y 8, 1866. The Mayors of several cities in Maine hin Issued proclamations directing the rigid enforcement of the Liquor 1??. The Mayor fit Lawrence, Ibu , has made proclamation to the ume effect. Sewi from Nova ScoUa. GREAT DISTRESS AMONG THE PEOPLE ? PARLIAMENT DISSOLVED. Bostoji, May 3, 1866. lata Halifax papers atate that the moat frightful dla treu exists along the coast between Mlramichi and Shippagan. The Arcadian French are suite ring direful privations, and have no seed whatever to plant or tow this season. The Nova Pcotia Parliament has been dissolved by proclamation of the Governor, and a new election called for 2td May. Navigation on tike Lakes and Canada. Albany, May 3, 1856. A letter dated Oswego, May 2, says the amount?*? labor to' be performed on the canal will, in the opinion of the writer of ihe letter, delay the Intaoduction of water into the canal, and mills and elevators on the east side ot the river, at that point, for ten to fourteen flays. Four miles from Oswego the canal is navigable. Schmmttadt, May 3, 1855. The boat Murry, first of Ihe season from New York, passed through here to day, with a load of merchandise for the West. Buffalo, May 3, 1866. The ice has driven up the lake considerably. The steamer Globe went ont this morning, and three sai vessels. It 1m believed they will all get through without difficulty. Propel 'er Mary Stuart, the first boat of the season, has jnst arrived from Detroit. She was three days in the ice. Milwaukie, May 3, 1856. The propeller Forest City arrived here last night, be ing the first boat from the lower lake. Detroit, May 3, 1855. Bark Badger State, trom Milwaukie, passed down the river yesterday. She is the first sail vessel that has passed through the straits this season. Majonlc Election In Maine. Portland, Me., May 3, 1855. The annual elections of the Grand Chapter of the Grand Lodge and Grand Encampment of this State, took place in this city to day. The attendance was very fulL A Grand Council of Royal and Select Masters is also or ganized. New Postmaster at New Orleans. Washington, May 3, 1865. Arthnr S. NcvtU has been appointed Postmaster at Mew Orleans, vice R. W. Adams, declined. Large Cargo of Cotton. Bali-work, May 3, 1856. The ship Frank Pierce had cleared from Charleston for Liverpool, with a cargo of cotton value! at two hundred and eight thousand dollars. Trouble In the Detroit Fire Department. Detroit, May 3, 1855. At the review of the Fire Department yesterday, about one-half of the companies disbanded, in consequence of an ordinance prohibiting the running of engines on the sidewalks of paved streets. A large public meeting was leld in the evening. Destruction ot Steam Saw Mills by Fire . Columbia (Pa.), May 8, 1856. The steam saw mills belonging to Messrs. Small & Bona, in Wrightsville, were destroyed by fire this evening. Fall of the Suspension Bridge. Paterson, May 3, 1866. The new bridge recently erected over the Passaic river, above the falls, fell this merning at the time the test of twenty tons was applied. There were abeut thirty per. sons on the structure at tbe time it gave way, the moat of whom were precipitated Into the water. Two persona were somewhat Injured. 1 his is the second suspension bridge that has been put over the river, within a year at this point. It la feared that there are yet some per sona among tbe wreck, as some are yet missing. Work men are busily engaged in clearing away. Arrival of tbe KnoxvLile at Savannah. Savannah, May 1, 1865. The steamer Knoxville has arrive! here, after a pas sage of 58 hours from New York, with all on board well. Markets. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BDARD. Philadelphia, May 3, 1856. The rates for money are without change. Stocks are dnll? Reading, 4b ; Morris Canal, 14; Long Island Kail road, 10; Pennsylvania Railroad, 43% ; Pennsylvania State fivea, 87. BALTIMORE CATTLE MARKET. Baltimore, May 3, 1856. At our cattle market to day 16U head of beef cattle wer* offered, ?nd all sold at prlcea ranging from $5 50 to $0 76 on the boof, equal to eleven and thirteen net. New Orleans, May 1, 1856. Onr cotton market is firm. The sales to day add up 6,600 balea. Freights.? Cotton, to Havre, )fo. Sterling exchange is dull, and rates are tending downwards. Fair sugar is selling at 5^c. a 5 ','e. Flour is til per bbl. Western yellow corn, $1 06 a $1 07; white, 91 20. Mess pork, $16 75 per bbl. Lard, 9%c. per lb. Re Opening op the Metropolitan Theatre.? Mr. Hack ett has become the lessee of the Metropolitan theatre, and will open it for the performance of comedy, vaude. ville, burlesque, and the ballet, on the 14th instant. The manager, who has not acted here for several years, ahould give us hie " Fat Jack" in the " Merry Wives of Windsor." We hear that Mr. Charles Wslcot, Mrs. Ver non, Signora Soto, M'lle Ducy-Barre and M'lle Zoe, are already eagaged by Mr. Hackett. * ?????????? Personal Intelligence* Ex-President Fillmore, Hon. J. P. Kennedy, Hon. Francis Granger, and Hon. Fernando Wood, Mayor of the city, attended the opera at the Academy of Music on Monday nigbt. Captain Hollies, of the United Statea Navy, the name gentle man who managed to create such an excitement lately, whilst oommander of the Cyane, ie stopping at the As tor House. Mme. Anna De La Grange, the new prima donna to appear at Niblo's on Monday evening next, is at the Claiendon. ARRIVALS. At the St. Nicholas Hotel? Col. D. S. Wilson, Delaware; W. B. Hoopor, Utah; Joseph W. Fabens, Central America; A. MeClure, Albany; D. S. Boston and lady, Va. At the Astor Hon?e? .Indite Nelson, Coopertown; Judge Vanderbilt, New York; Doctors Crosby and Maroh, Wash ington; II. R. Sherman, Poughkoepsle; M. Meylert, Laporte. At the Prescott House? H. I'athier and lady, N'ewOrleans; Grorpe r. Bell and lady, Cuba; E. G. Reed, St. Lonis; Miss Churobill, Cuba; C. Ritchter, Havana. At the St. Dennis Hotel? Mr. Dnrege and lady, New Or leans; Dr. Miller, Washington; Jose Gnmocia; A De Ruoda, Albany; Mrs. Delvali, Havana. From New Orleans and Havana, in the steamshlo Black Warrior? W O Bowel), Mrs and Miss Legay, U 1' Jitokson, lady, three children and servant; W m Johnson, M U Pothice and lady, Mrs G Tottenham, Miss M C bogart, Mrs C J Hen dee, Miss M Buntlngdon, two sisters and child; Mr (J A Robertson, Mad Allain, two children and servant; C J Trent ger, Mrs D Hobertaon and daughter, C B Thompson, W A Gui-ket, laly and daughter; J H Biggs, A B James, three ohildreo ana servant; Robt Patten. R Benry tnd wife, J Leaball, wile and son; A Dias and brother, I, Kaineny, Thoa VV Emmerson, Miss Churchill, 8 S Whitney, Thos Cilia, Pabla Yjnami, Mr Clark, Mra Pritchard, M It Nichols, Mr Goiidard and ? ifu, H U Richardson, li E Ania, J Y Usma, wife, two sons and servant; Dr C G Barney, Mr.Uurit, Mme D Berault, Mr D.ver, Mrs Castro and daughter. J Hehrens, C W Jaime, Mad Cotnpnnimon, Dn H de Olabanieta, Juan Cagegas, Gaspar, ( arrisra, Mr Newhall, Wm G Steveus, A Rolenson and wile, Fraco Morena, Dr ti C Barns, Joso Yynaga, del Valle and family, Mrs A Judd and child, E liruge, j? ife and servant: F 3 Sjblesiin.-er, Mrs Cant Russell, Guiras Carabaca, F Dominqnei, Mra Falrchild, J r Figoerva, R (.smile, .J Bruderman, Miss Btwley and two okildren, Mr Bell and lady, John C Marsh, Enrique Verne, lady and two servants; Miss Bororny. Fred Borg, Mr Being and srife, A R l.ewis, Mrs Jekey, B C Dallas, John Straffard, M A Heine. From Norfolk, in the steamship Jamestown? M Pike, F W'stly, W K Wyatt, T Tudor, E M Ureenway. G Edmond, 0 R Parsons. J G Bondar, Mr Bell, ?) G Sherman, N Manning. W E Webbor, Jno Brown, Thomas Lewie, Jno Green, (j Bowling W Fitigerald, T Scott, W II Davis, 0 bias, J Donnelly, J Horseman, E Edwarda. S Tavlor, Jno Davidson, B Moore, H Herat,!' Saul C Murphy, Mary Mul len, M No-well, D Smith. Mrs B D White and 3 t hildien, Midi Msry L James, J L Wade and lady, Mrs Dr Whitaker, Miss Atkinson, Mrs Dunn. Miss M A Anthony and sister, Jno W Thompson, Augustus and Richard Caapbell, M Golden, lady anil 2 ehiluren, Miss E Mace, J H F Mayo, E S Talliaferro and l*dy, Mra Mowrv.Miaa M B Cook, Mrs Ecwards, T Sul livan and lady, P C Shaw, lady and 3 children, Mrs Wm T Harrison snn 2 children J McCay, Major J W P l.ewis aud ladT, Mrs Young and child, Mrs Maxwell, W II Slhley, A II Palmer. James Smith, C A Turner, J B vigvet, Thos Ty ror ? and 43 in the steerage. American Geographical Society. This association iield a meet'ng last evening, Presi dent Bawes in the chair. A paper on the Geography of the Ancient* wa? road by Mr Eugene Lawrence. It waaa w*U written e?say, combining a great mass of interesting facts. The rise and progress of geographisal research was traced, commencing with the ratber vague Ideas of Homer, and ? down to the more accurate research es of Herodotus, Ptolemy and other ancient geographers. The paper closed w'tb a review the ethnology ot the ancitnt world, . *n<l made a quotation to prove that Ktbicp:*n* we:e highly respected in those days. The psper wa? dist ngnished by much learning and clear ness. A vote of thanks was tendered to the anthor. Tbe !ollo-ving named gentlemen were appointed a comnittee to ascertain what artion, If any, tnie society should take en tbe departure of the Kane expedition: ? Messrs. Grtnael)?Rvssell, Pierrepont, Poor and Bradford. Th? *>ci?ty the? a4j?U??d. Police ln?clll?MM?. . TBB HM"i WASHINGTON C *8E ? ARRK8T Or (WO ? OF *H? ALHOEI) COMSriBATOlW? OOWHIDIK# ' iTrim AT TBI METROrOLIXAN HOTEI ? CKAROES or KBCIIVIKQ STOLEN GOODS? rALSE FBSTKNCBB * _ BU AOL ABT? GRAND LARCBNT, AND PASS IRQ WORTHLESS BILLS. B?njaniin W. Kimball was uitiW yesterday ?t his plftce of business, No. 112* Grand street, on a bench warrant, isssued by Judge Stuart, charged, with t other*, on an indictment found by the last G*and Jury, with having, on the 8th of January, 1863, obtained the signature of the Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company, 1 in kthis city, tp a written instrument, and thereby ob- ! tuiuirg the turn of *5, 410. The accused is charted with being tngxgvd in tbe Martha Washington conspiracy case, along w th a number of others, who wlM bs brought to this city from Cincinnati And elsewhere, on J charge o( defrauding tbe Atlautio Mutual Inanranoe , cmptnyof the above sum. The accused waa brought i before J udge Roosevelt, o' thf Supreme Court, on a writ ? of ^habeas corpus, obtained by bis oounsel. Here an ap- ' plication te discharge the prisoner was made, but the Court denied tbe motioD. Kimball thtn enteredjnto | bail for bte appsa ranee before the Court of General Sessions, when called apon for trial. Mr. William Marsh, of 2 X Maiden lane, became his bondsman in tbe sum of ' |2, '00. Yesterday morning the guests of the Metropolitan Hot* 1 were throws into a great state of excitement in oonsequence of a little affair of honor that took place in ' the reception room, between Charles 8. Cooper, late Lieutenant in the New Yotk Volunteers, and Mr. John Muars, proprietor of a paint factory, but at presont boarliDK' at the Metropolitan. In which the lattor re ceived rather a severe cowhiUloft At the hAnda, as it ia Alleged, of the former. The difficulty, it seems, origin- , Ated About the payment of a draft that Cooper hAd upon Mean, when, as the former Bays, he wa? groaily insult- J ed, and determined on tbe instant to punish the o (Tomler. . Accordingly, a cowhide was purchased sit the expense of , twelve and a half cents, and the aamc applied to the bank and shoulders of Mr Mears Officer Dwyer, of tbe Fourtecash ward police, was called upon to quell the disturbance, when the aHBailant was arrested and con veyed before Justice Wood, at the Esdex Market Police Court, where he was held to bail in the sum of $300 to answer the charge ot assault and battery. BaU having been procured in tlie person of Mr. Murrey, of 110 Green wich street, Mr. Cooper was liberated from custody. Mr Mtars was not badly Injured. James Brady, proprietor of a junk shop located in Seventh avenue, between Thirty-third and Thirty-fourth streets, was yesterday taken into custody by officer Con nor, ot the Twenty -first ward police, charged with having received a quantity of stolenagooda with a guilty know ledge. The complaint made against Brady states that in ? the month ol April last, a boy named Thomas M :Der- , ujott, now In the city prison, entered the house of Jamea E. Health, >o 69 West Twentr-slxth street, and htole from the premises a lot of faucets, gas fixtures and othi'r Articles, valued in all at $00, and that he pro coedet to the store of Braf'y, where he disposed of the property for little or nothing. The youth admit* taking the property and disposing of it to Brady. The accused was taken before Justice Davison, of the Second District Police Court, where he was held to bail in the sum ot $5(.0 to answer tbe charge. William H. Massellien was taken into custody yester day, by oflicers Wood and Ross, of the Second District Police Court, charged with having, in the month of Sep tember last, obtained a lit of groceries, valued At $300, from Bartlet Bent, Jr., of 268 Water street, under false pretences and fraudulent representations. The com plainant. states that At tbe time of the sale MASsellien slated that be was engaged m the grocery business in Sixth avenue, aad wat quite successful, being worth over $600 over all his oebt* and liabilities; that upon these representations, goods to the above amount were delivered over to the accused, who, in?wo month* after- ' wares, sold out bis stock and fixtures, and never set tled f?r the property purchased from Mr. B?nt. Justice Davison held the accused to bail in the sum of $1,000 to answer. John Wegan and Frederick Oghwedne?, two Germans, were arrested on We nesosy night, cbarged with hav ing burglariously entered the grocery atore of Benjamin F. Ray nor, of 6 'J 5 Eignth avenue, and stealing there/rofh $1 26 in small change The proprietor of the store, in passing by the premises after it had been dosed for the nigbt, discovered a light in the premises, and on Horning; the handle of the door, in order to see if it was open, found tbe place suddenly in darkness. Hastily getting, the assistance of officers Fitzslmmona and White, of th? ' Twenty -second ward, the stors and the adjoining premi ses were searched, when the accused were loona stowed' away in snug corners. The prisoners were brought be fore Justice Connolly, who committed them for trial. Sergeant Lefferts, ot the reserve covps, arrested a re spectable looking young man, named Rufus Minor, clerk in a down town store on * charge cf stealing $260 from his employers. Th- greater portion o* the a to len money was recovered by the < fHcer. The accused was taken be fore Justi:e Connolly, who committed him for examina tion William Smith was caught by ths police of tbe Fourth ward, endeavoring to obtain aa entrance into several ef tbe boarders' rooms at the tavern of John H. Hitchcock, No. 80 Chatham street Olficer Dem ng brought the accused before Justice Cotnolly, At theaLower Police Conrt, wberu he was committed for examination, on charge of attempt to commit grand larceny. Robert Vererger, and Emily his wife, were taken into cut tody on Wednesday night, charged with having I passed a three dol'rr bill on tbe West KUlingly Bank, of Connecticut, a worthless institution, to the proprietors of the store No. 11 Warren street. The accused were taken before Justice 'Connelly, at the Lower Police Court, who discharged them fron custody, there being no legal ? vi dence agaimt them, showing any criminal intent on fheir part. To Jambs Gordon BnsrrT, Esq.: A report appeared in the Uihildos the 17th of March last, containing a charge afiains; me of taking a watch, the property of a penes of the name of Coleman. My le <al advisers have taken the nece*nar; measures to meet this at < he proper time and plaoe. Apart, however, from the merits of the ease, J wish to correct two error* which appeared in tbe report First? It states that Coleman said the watcTh was taken from hit premises. Coleman aaid "the watch was taken from bis periou, in Mr. C. M. Nanry's spirit store, in Pine street." Seoondly? The report Bays that I said in conrt that when intoxicated I was apt to take people's watches. That is entirely a mistake. On the contrary, I denounced thi- charge. I had no legal adviser at the mo ment In conrt, and no proper examination was therefore Jroceeded with. Coleman did not appear before the Grand ury, in compliance with its sobp<rna. So far, however, as I am personally concerned, 1 am determined that the wbole affair shall he rifted to tbe bottom, aad guilt, fixed upon the right shoulders. Your insertion of this, in justice to my personal character, will much oblige Yours, respestfnllv, DUNCAN McDOUGALL, Commission merchant, 2*6 Greenwich street. New York, May 3, 1865. City Intelligence. DiMrfcRATio Gkbxral CoMMimw ? A mseting of this committee has held last nigbt, at their room*, No. 863 Broadway, next door to Stuyve?ant Institute. The at tendance was quite large. H. F. Clark, &q., occupied the chair, and Mr. John Y. Savage acted as Secretary. The main business of the evening was the appointing a committee of twenty two, consisting of one from each ward, who should report to the General Committee upon the propriety of calling a mass meeting for the ex pression of opinion in opposition to tae Maine law. Alter some further business of a general nature, the meeting adjourned . Correct Timk for New York ? Some time since a re rolution passed the Common Council authorizing the faculty of the New York University to give a correct statement of the time to all the public clo:ks of the city, and to the different tire alarm bells, and the Chief's oflice in the Park. The (acalty of that institution have recently tajien action oo the subject; and, on in stitut ng nn inquiry, have found that it will be neces sary to build a tower to their building on Washington Parade Ground, to accommodate the apparatus for laking observations, and afford room for a series of con verging telsgraph-c wires to the alarm Dells, clocks, railway depots, and such other places aa It may be deemed necessary to give the correct time. An appeal Is shortly to be made to the publio for funds to omld the tower and bay the apparatus, which will, no doubt, be generously responded to by our wealthy citizens. At present there is no timepiece in the city that can be absolutely xelied upon as a guide and standarl for alt the others. The Uitv Halt clock has done remarkably well lately, though its variations from correct time in years Lpast bave given it a questionable reputation. One gentleman, writing to an evening paper state* that it has varied only about twelve seconcaper month for some time . past. This la very well; bat can it be relied on as a standard of time for the future r It is a very important consideration to havo correct time in a great city like New York. Notes have been protested in banks, business engagements rendered null and void, and the travelling public put to great in ccnvenience, because a laabier'a or an engineer's time bad been inaccurate. This is especially true of the nu merous railway traina that start from this city, and to wbom the difference of a few minutes is of tne utmost importance in enabling them to keep their engagement* with the public by obeerving their time table. To one of the profeaeora of the New York University belong! the credit of being the first to take a portrait by the daguerrean proses*, the inventor being successful only with inanimate oojeots; to another profeseur of that in stitution our coin try ow*s the eleetric telegraph, as in uae among us, and should the faculty saec>ed in giving the business interest of our city the assurance of ac curate time ? time without variableness or shadow of turning? they will add another Instalment to the debt the the public already owe them. Attkxi-tkd SriciDK isd Kimorsx. ? A Frenchman, named John Morcler, waa, on the complaint of his wife,, committed to Blackwell's Island yesterday by Justice Davison, as a vagraat. On being oonreyed to the Tombs, preparatory to being sent to the island, he was eo horrified at his situation that he swallowed a large dose of laudanum, with the intention no doubt *f put ting an end to his existence. Dr. Covil, of the City Prison, on being informed of the occurrence, imme diately prerenb^d tlie proper antidotes, which had tne effect of restoring the unfortunate man. Aa soon as consciousness returned Morcier begged the doctor to do all in his power to save him, as he was very sorry for what he bad done, and was not yet tired of his exist ence. Dr. Co vi), after a few hours' hard work, wn creded effectually In saving the life of the foolish mtn, who seems quite altered since his escape from death, and promlres to be a better husband in fnture. Tilt May Tekm of th* Oorirr of Gfnkrai. Hnwwvs. The Recorder and City Judge will each hold the Court of General Sessions during the May term. In order tb\t the prisons may be cleared of the large number of pri eoners tbey now contain, it waa also agreed to hold two ?essions during each day. The Recorder wiil preside on the ben.-h during the day, while Judge Staart will occupy the bench from 3 o'clock in the afternoon until ? o'clock at aiglit. Thus double the ordinary amount of business will be disposed of during the coming term. Fm i" Mawev I.anb ? Yesterday morning at about A o'rlfci-k, a fire was discovered In the third story of the Cremisea No 13 Maidsa lane, occupied by Oliver snl liller, manufacturing je<f-)ler?: b-fore the Are was ex tinguished It burnt a hole through the floor. The origin of the (Ire It -aid to have been caus<?J by i*m* aahes left

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